1,686 Matching Annotations
  1. Mar 2017
    1. And thereby, in his human-itarian zeal to save mankind, the novelist portrays characters which, in being as brutal as their scene, are not worth saving

      the agent must follow the quality of the scene. Why does the quality of the scene not follow the quality of the agent?

      scene = egg; agent = chicken... which comes first?

      EDIT: ...nevermind... I think he answers it in the next sentence... read before you write!

    2. Hence magic is put under a microscope, or even test by a knowl-treated as an early uncritical attempt to do what edge of exactly equivalent conditions in the past, science does, but under conditions where judg- when you tum to political exhortation, you are ment and perception were impaired by the involved in decisions that necessarily lie beyond nai'vely anthropomorphic belief that the imper- the strictly scientific vocabularies of description. sonal forces of nature were motivated by per- And since the effective politician is a "spell-sonal designs.

      To what extent does imagination play in this early "bad science"? And how is imagination hindered/lost or accelerated/sustained in the paradigms of modern "good science"?

    1. Though each procedure will provide you with a different take on the network's substructures, they are all based on the ways in which actors are interconnecte

      What would result from analyzing the similarities and differences between the results from each of these methods of group analysis? Each is distinct, for good reason. Nevertheless, overlap may rightly be expected. Might there be a way to identify that overlap and then make mearning from the overlap?

    2. By relaxing the criteria for group membership, the number of cliques has increased from 11 to 20, with Student 1, for example, being a member of 16 clique

      This seems to be an unweildy number of cliques for a group of 17 people. How can this bottom-up analysis conclude similar findings as a simple ethnographic inquiry? Would more analysis be necessary? If so, what analysis?

    3. The number of “blocks” to enter is up to you, and after working upward from two, it was decided that three was a meaningful number of blocks.

      I trust that there was a theoretical framework for this choice. Nevertheless, I am at a loss to understand that framework. Why were three blocks chosen?

    4. ou can also increase the value of n, but this is not advisable, as it seems odd for actors to be in the same clique if they are three steps from one another.

      While I certainly understand this in a real-world sense, I do interact with friends-of-friends in social media, either directly or through group membership. As such, is it acceptable to increase n when doing research, if one's research questions/interest require?

    5. By charting this process, you are able to identify whether there is a “core” group of actors at the center of the network, while others are on the periphery.

      Does anyone know of a way to illustrate this in a GIF or similar? I guess maybe doing it manually could be workable, but it sure seems to me that automating the charting of this process would make for increased ease when discussing research online.

    6. bottom-up approach starts first with the dyad and extends upward

      I 'm confused to tell the difference between "top-down" approach and "bottom-up" approach, it seems like they begin with different unit, "top-down" approach starts first with the whole network and then try to find its subgroups, and "bottom-up" approach starts first with more micro unit like dyad. Do I understand correctly?

  2. Feb 2017
    1. Which structural properties of the complete network might be of interest to you?
      1. Would it be right to say that a decentralized network would mean that more actors have a say in the evaluation process?
      2. Could a measure like high transitivity indicate more equitable practices in evaluation?
      3. Would high reciprocity mean that there was healthier communication (not just directed "at" the new teachers, but feedback loops and supportive avenues of communication)?
      4. And finally, what would high density scores indicate -- that resources are more accessible and basically better connections overall - so a more well-connected network, with fewer actors in isolated or peripheral positions?
    2. before the participants got to know each other

      If they were asked at a later point to similarly identify three friends, if reciprocity increases, would that leave more structural holes?

    3. cohesive network with minimal clustering.

      So if we have a large (size) cohesive network with minimal clustering, does it follow logically that there will be high transitivity and high reciprocity and low centralization?

    4. teacher networks with high reciprocity would be positively associated with teachers’ perceptions of their schools’ innovative climate and trust

      But who would be excluded? Or is it possible to imagine a network with high reciprocity, where there is high inclusion as well?

    5. Table 5.1 T

      Is this an acceptable format for an excel/csv file in R - or is it better to convert to weighted format, which is I think how LesMis data was presented?

    6. structural holes (one actor connected to two others who, in turn, are not connected to each other)

      From my understanding of this, structural holes differ from triads since triads generally indicate that all three actors are connected in some way. Is this correct?

    7. The paradox, of course, is that the relative paucity of weak ties is what makes them “strong,” as they provide early access to diverse information

      Is it fair to say that networks with high reciprocity and transitivity might mitigate some of the negative effects of clustering?

    8. A high degree of reciprocity means that a network's actors choose one another. It could also mean that while some actors choose one another, they are not choosing others, which results in a high degree of clustering within the network

      Hmmmm, high reciprocity is associated with network stability and social equality, but it might also be associated with clique-i-ness (clustering). What is the nature of a social network with high reciprocity and low clustering? What is the value of this type of network?

    9. This was done simply for purposes of presentation; any manipulation of network data should have some theoretical or empirical basis.

      So are 'purposes of presentation' valid basis for data manipulation? I am left yearning for more explanation.

    10. the pattern of relations among the network's actors.

      (Mental Note) The concept that I have to focus on...

    11. CDi indicates individual actors’ centrality scores

      Foundational math question: Does this CDi mean all other scores added together, or is this calculation meant to be applied between the actor with the highest degree against every other actor? So, in the scenario with the 17 frat brothers, is calculating the centrality a matter of doing Freeman's formula once, or 16 times?

    12. following measure of reciprocity

      Is there a typo in this equation? I would think that instead of having Aij in all 4 positions, of the equation, that Aji would be in 2 of them (as that would indicate the relationship of j to i instead of just i to j). Am I thinking about this wrong? Why are all 4 of the equation factors with a focus on actor i to j?

    1. ost philosophers of language, and recently even by some linguists,

      What's the difference between the fields of philosophy of language and linguistics? This is a really interesting potential distinction.

    1. To examine a set of interpretations requires rhetorical analy-sis, and so it can be argued that Nietzsche's method is rhetorical as well.

      Better question, what isn't rhetorical?

    2. In short, emphasizes Nietzsche, "la11gue1ge is rhetoric, because it desires to convey only a doxa [opinion], not an episteme [knowledge]."

      With the marginal note from Nathaniel in mind, this binary is really interesting (and necessary) to unpack. I've had to read a lot of Foucault lately, so I'm thinking with him through a lot of my other readings right now. But his use of episteme, in some ways, breaks down that binary. By treating an episteme as the "epistemological unconscious" of an era (meaning that some knowledge and some assumptions are so inherent at a specific time and place that society doesn't even know it's happening), Foucault seems to suggest that opinion and knowledge can uniquely shift and intertwine in each epoch (again, within a culture that doesn't even know it's happening).

    1. If an individual opts out, this should mean that their name appears nowhere on the social network diagram (even if they are identified by another individual as being part of their social network). For instance, in the sample map, you can see that the map would be very disjointed if John and Holly opted out of the SNA.

      Are we allowed to include nodes for John and Holly if they are identified by others, but without using their name? For example, we would refer to John as Anonymous 1 and Holly as Anonymous 2. Or would we have to exclude any data that involves them, regardless of anonymity?

    1. Thus it ought to be no embarrassment to recognize the legitimacy of appeals to the feelings, especially in a cause about which one can have no doubts

      Pardon the heartache, but would this be a fitting example?

      Utilizing something emotional to invoke people to care about a certain topic?

    2. Under this pressure from both sides toward independent development. rhetoric and belles \cures split. In 1828, a chair of English literature was e$lablished at London University; in 1845, Edinburgh separated rhetoric and literature; in I 876, Johns Hopkins and Harvard did the same; and in 1904, laggard Cambridge followed. By the end of the century, a further split had occurred in the United States: Speech depart· mcnts had formed, taking the elocution course and the study of rhetoric with them.

      I think about this split quite often. As someone with two degrees largely focused on literature, and seeking one focused on rhetoric, I find myself lost in the (messy and often blurred) boundaries between the two fields. The later assertion from Mill, "For poetry, utterance is the end, not, as in rhetoric, the means to an end" (996) seems to hold true even today. Literature is rarely seen as social action, let alone socially engaged. I wonder how damaging (or not) this is as we attempt to think about "our disciplinary identity crisis less as a crisis of identity and more as an opening of alterity" (Muckelbauer).

      This is probably why I am so intrigued by Muckelbauer's argument that "we might even conceive of rhetoric as, in a certain way, disengaging from the entire problematic of 'fields,' disconnecting from both 'interdisciplinary studies' and work in the 'rhetoric of x' genre (indicating, perhaps, an ontological rhetoric)."

      But what does this look like? How does this happen? The end of this intro seem to give some hope -- "Literary theorists, too, began to acknowledge...the wider scope afforded by a rhetorical approach to discourse" (998, emphasis mine). But how often is literature viewed as discourse? And is this a reciprocal engagement?

    1. This approach is either based on your knowledge about relations among a set of actors or relies on the actors themselves to nominate additional actors for inclusion.

      This is interesting for my own likely research needs/goals in looking at how technology integration processes spread. That said, it might also be difficult to track in a truly large-scale project. For example, there isn't one "universal" place for teachers to go and find technology integration processes. Perhaps this will have to be bound by the PLC/PLN I have in place?

    1. The first question that occurs concerning it is, whether it is to be considered as an internal sense, or as an exertion of reason?

      Taste is different for everyone versus taste is universal, but everyone perceives it differently?

    1. For example, Coleman claims that social capital is any “social-structural resource” that generates returns for someone in a specific action. Accordingly, social capital can be captured only by its effect; whether it is an investment depends on the [Page 221]return to a specific individual in a specific action (Lin, 2001b). Obviously, it is impossible to theorize social capital when its causes and effects are folded into a single function.

      I have an issue with this as stated. Couldn't it be that the "return" of social capital, as it is considered here, is only looking for extrinsic motivation? What about intrinsic motivations, such as helping someone simply because it feels good or is seen as the "right" thing to do judged solely by one's moral compass?

    2. he concept of social capital is said to address all of these situations (Kadushin, 2004).

      I keep coming back to the "mind as rhizome" metaphor as we talk about social networks and the theories that surround it. It seems to me that we, as humans, often create things that are structurally or functionally similar to our own bodies (i.e., the ways that a computer works and it's internal hardware mimicking the structures of the brain). Perhaps the same is true with social capital and social media: are these actually extensions of our brain?

    3. bridges, brokers

      I don't think I adequately understand the difference between these two. They are both about connecting separate networks, and I thought at first the terms were interchangeable, but they're used together here, so clearly they're not. What's the difference?

    4. For example, does a child benefit from having parents, teachers, neighborhood adults, and so on communicate with each other, or do these relations constrain that child?

      This is such an interesting question! My area is in college students, so I don't have to worry so much about parental involvement, but for those in K-12, the assumption that this sort of close communication is good. I wonder if it's like the stroke victims where having more weak ties among the network is a good thing. Though I can't fathom why that would be the case in this situation.

    5. Network resources refer to those that the individual ego can access through direct or indirect with alters. Measures that capture network resources focus on the range, quality, variety, and/or composition of these resources. Contact resources are slightly different in that they refer to the valued resources possessed by alters (e.g., power) and applied in specific ego actions, such as bullying, choosing a college, or finding a teaching job.

      OK. Now I'm confused. Can anyone help clarify the difference between network and contact resources? It sounds like contact resources are an attribute of one's network resources--is that accurate?

    6. Brokerage opportunities are those in which an individual is located in a position in which he or she can broker the flow of information between people and control the tasks that bring different people together

      I believe this is also referred to as a bridge. Is that accurate?

    7. This idea that there is value in relations undermines the different ways in which the term social capital has been defined by a number of prominent theorists, who in the 1980s independently explored the concept in some detail (Lin, 2001a)

      I find it interesting that there isn't an agreed-upon definition. Is there one theorist's definition considered the most valid in educational SNA?

  3. Jan 2017
    1. Whenyou have taken account of all the feelings roused by Napoleon inwriters and readers of history, you have not touched the actual man

      This part made think: what is the nature of the relationship between Napoleon "the actual man" and Napoleon the 'historical character' that is responsible for "rousing feelings" in readers and writers? It seems to me that historical figures or celebrities take on a very different role in our consciousness than do actual people that we personally know and therefore than the actual people that form the basis for those icons or public/historical personas. Don't these people really exist in two capacities: on one hand a living, breathing person (or once living, breathing person), and on the other an icon or character of sorts? Clearly there is a link between Napoleon the physical human that lived and died and Napoleon the character in the drama of history, Jesus the historical person and Jesus the religious/spiritual/cultural icon, Kim Kardashian the physical human being and Kim Kardashian the celebrity/icon/public persona, etc., but are they really the same thing? If someone were to mistakenly believe that Hamlet was a real person that once lived on this earth and that the play about him was a dramatization of historical events, wouldn't Hamlet exist for them in the same way that Napoleon does--a character or icon derived from a once real human being?

    2. There is only one world, the “real”world

      Being the empirical world?

    1. Social network theorists and analysts go as far as to recognize that the inductive modeling strategies of social network analyses—that is, generating big ideas from small observations—are in opposition to the usual canonical assumptions of statistical methods, which prefer a deductive logic that operates from ideas to observations

      I can see where the inductive may align more with qualitative whereas deductive may be more quantitative, but SNA still strikes me as much more quant than qual. I'm still new to research ideas, but it seems that to move SNA from quant to qual, you'd need to include more than just the mathematical modeling, such as having interviews to add some color to the SNA. Without those interviews, though (or something like that), it seems despite being more inductive, it would still be considered quant, not qual. As I said, though, I'm newer to this, so if someone wants to provide opposing reasoning, I'm very open to it!

    1. Ifyouseparatethedisciplineofdiscourseintoessenceandornament,intophilosophyandrhetoric,andmakeeachaseparatediscipline,itmakesthemeasiertothinkabout.Thusbeginsmoderninquiry'slonghistoryoflookingforitslostkeysnotwhereitlostthembutunderthelamppost,wheretheyareeasiertofind.

      Divide and conquer! Is this the precursor to Whitehead's table of contents?

    1. preservice teachers

      What does "preservice teacher" refer to in this context? I associate these two terms together with either an undergraduate student who is working towards licensure or a student doing a post-bac licensure program. Is that the same meaning here?

    1. he regretted his multiple marriages and had forbidden his sons to take more than one wife. He is also educating his daughters.

      What did he do now that he regrets having multiple wives? Did he have major divorces?

    2. Because polygamous marriages are not recognized by the state -- imams who conduct them are subject to punishment -- the wives have no legal status, making them vulnerable when marriages turn violent. Yet the local authorities here typically turn a blind eye because the practice is viewed as a tradition.

      Why do the women have no legal status???

    3. who outlawed polygamy in 1926, is prominently displayed.

      it was outlawed before but know he changed his thought process. I wonder why? Was it just soleful for the purpose to get more power?

    1. Those schools that work best socialize the next generation into thinking, feeling, and acting beings who work in communities, thrive in workplaces, and learn to live fully in a digital world.

      Thinking how? Feeling how? Acting how? What are the best relational and pedagogic practices for "intertwining" analog and digital as suggested?

  4. Nov 2016
    1. it is very unlikely that a robot would have been lucky enough to scoop up the "genesis rock" found by Apollo 15 astronauts

      What is special about the "genesis rock"?

    1. he allows a concrete implementation of an interface to change the design of the OrderProcessor class

      Original Question:

      Anybody knows what does it mean? I cannot see a design change in OrderProcessor...

      Update:

      It's about "concrete implementation of the IOrderShipper interface"

      The remark @ploeh makes later in the article is that you can solve the problem without need to change high level design (OrderProcessor) to fix low level issue (OrderShipper)

    1. Is it not crystal clear, then, comrades, that all the evils of this life of ours spring from the tyranny of human beings?

      Tough questions: It makes me wonder if this is foreshadowing something that will happen later on in the book.

    1. Toutes les œuvres exposés transcendent une forme de « numineux »

      Je me demande si la référence au texte d’Otto renvoie à l’explication du terme « numineux », ou si l’information contenue dans la phrase est issue de son texte. Parle-t-il de la collection du Louvre dans son ouvrage? Une autre question m’est venue à l’esprit à la lecture de cette phrase. Est-ce que vraiment tous les objets de la collection ont un rapport à la religion, au divin, ou bien l’utilisation du terme « mystique » est liée à l’idée de mystère?

    1. My Tips

      After I did the symptom tracker, it took me right back to this page and the "Get Started". It seems like a prompt or direction of clicking on My Tips would be helpful to aid the user experience. I knew I should look at My Tips, but had momentarily forgotten as a pretend user.

    2. Get started Use the link below to begin.

      This seems misleading. I've just finished tracking my symptoms. Why is it prompting me to "get started". I see it says you can use it "as often as you'd like", but it seems that information would be helpful to bold or highlight or have closer to the top of paragraph.

    1. EPIC-26 Questionnaire

      Is the wording to this intro for the survey 'official' or may we edit it?

  5. Oct 2016
    1. Humans why we always change our mind in the simple staff in live ? why we make it so complicated in this world?

    2. itmustleadtolimitlessviolence,waste,war,anddestruction

      How will this lead to violence, waste, war, and destruction?

    3. .Andyetinthephrase"freemarket,"theword"free"hascometomeanunlimitedeconomicpowerforsome,withthenecessaryconsequenceofeconomicpowerlessnessforothers.

      But is this idea not true for almost everything in life? If someone wins, someone must lose, right? Is this system poorly designed because some people lose? The alternative would be nobody wins, would that be preferable?

    4. Raphaelissaying,withangeliccircumlocution,thatknowledgewithoutwis~dom,limitlessknowledge,isnotwonhafan

      So by quoting this, what is the author trying to say? Should we stop the pursuit of knowledge after instituting these 'limits'?

    5. ourrightsandtherightsofallhumansarenotgrantedbyanyhumangovernmentbutareinnate,belongingtousbybirth.Thisinsis~tencecomesnotfromthefearofdeathorevenextinctionAbutfromtheancientfearthatinordertosurvivewemightbecomeinhumanormonstro

      Why would we fear to become inhuman and monstrous? What most people really care about is extinction. Yet her it states that's not the case. How? And why would we ned to become inhuman and monstrous?

    6. WEMUSTHAVELIMITSORWEWILLCEASETOEXISTASHUMANBEINGS;PERHAPSWEWILLCEASETOEXIST,PERIOD

      True in a sense, But why must we have limits if we have never reached them. theoretically speaking isn't there always room for improvement regardless of the subject?

    7. InOUflimitlessselfishness,wehavetriedtodefine"freedom,"forex#ample,asanescapefromallrestraint.But,asmyfriendBertHornbackhasexplainedinhisbookTheWisdominWords,"free"isetymologicallyrelatedco"friend."ThesewordscomefromthesameIndo~Europeanroot,whichcarriesthesenseof"dear"or"beloved."

      Can we as a society be "free" without restraints then?

    8. Wehaveobscuredtheissuebyrefusingtoseethatlim·irlessnessisagodlytrair

      Why do we think of limitless as a godly trait? Mankind continues to do the unthinkable as we progress. We have done things we once thought were never achievable.

    9. knowledgethatthehu-manmindcannotappropriatelyuse,ismortallydangerous.

      How can a limitless knowledge affect a human brain dangerously ?

    10. -therealnamesofglobalwarmingareWasteandGreed

      Is waste and greed the cause of global warming?

    11. Ournationalfaithsofarhasbeen:"There'salwaysmore."

      This thought process has guided America's economic choices from the beginning. There's always more: money, oil, freedom, opportunity...etc. But was it to occur when we are forced to realize that this way of thinking can only be temporary, and at some point time will catch up with innovation.

    12. Humans beginning are not define as animals and not all religions agree with at. Some religions doesn't agree that human heritage begin from animals. That may be true scientifically but not culturally or religiously.

    13. Theminimizationofneighborliness,respect,rev~erence,responsibility,accountability,andself-subordination-thisisthecultureofwhichourpresentleadersandheroesarethespoiledchildren.Ournationalfaithsofarhasbeen:"There'salwaysmore."Ourtruereli-gionisasortofautisticindustrialism

      Because us as humans consume limitless amounts we lose respect for each other and humanity? Wouldn't sharing these limitless needs give us a common ground and make us a community?

    14. Weknowfurtherthatifwewanttomakeoureconomicland-scapessustainablyandabundantlyproductive,wemustdosobymaintain~inginthemalivingformalcomplexitysomethinglikethatofnaturalecosystems.Wecandothisonlybyraisingtothehighestlevelourmas-teryoftheartsofagriculture,animalhusbandry,forestry,and,ultimately,theartofliving.

      How do you feel about renewable energy? and do you believe this argument is valid and appropriate regarding the necessity to follow nature in the essence of "natural ecosystems"?

    15. Weknowfurtherthatifwewanttomakeoureconomicland-scapessustainablyandabundantlyproductive,wemustdosobymaintain~inginthemalivingformalcomplexitysomethinglikethatofnaturalecosystems.Wecandothisonlybyraisingtothehighestlevelourmas-teryoftheartsofagriculture,animalhusbandry,forestry,and,ultimately,theartofliving.

      How do you feel about renewable energy? and do you believe this argument is valid and appropriate regarding the necessity to follow nature in the essence of "natural ecosystems"?

    16. what is the circumstance of giving up the right of being godlike animals and how would it effect the earth?

    17. If we as a society focus less on big business, and more on what nature is giving us, would we have to worry about running out of what nature is already giving us as energy resources?

    18. Wewillkeeponconsuming,spending,wast-ing,anddriving,asbefore,atanycosttoanythingandeverylxxlybutourselves

      But why are we talking about this? Like why does it matter?

    19. How would we even be able to present a limitless economy and what kind of an ending effect would it had on us?

    20. The author talks about our "abused cropland" which opens up a lot of problems with un-regulated farming and deforestation in different places. And if we don't regulate farm land we can farm the land to the point where it has no nutrients and if we just keep moving to the next plot of land, eventually we are going to end up like the movie interstellar where the money is in crops instead of the progression of the technology.

    21. therealnamesofglobalwarmingareWasteandGreed

      Having studied the issue of Global Warming in detail under the direction of two other professors here, I find this claim Berry makes to be utterly flattering. It suggests that anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions (less than 5% of total CO2 surface emissions) rival those that can be attributed to natural processes. Do you believe Berry to be employing a "truthful hyperbole"--as Trump would say--here to illustrate the danger of our "limitless" view of the Earth; or do you believe Berry himself to be caught up in a view of human limitlessness (in other words, do you believe he thinks the impact humans have on this planet to be limitless)?

    22. Evenso,thatwehavefoundedourpresentsocietyupondelusionalas~sumptionsoflimitlessnessiseasyenoughtodemonstrate.

      Why would anyone think that a limitless economy would be easy to demonstrate?

    23. Wemusthavelimitsorwewillceasetoexistashumans;perhapswewillceasetoexist,period.

      What limits can we create to ensure we are still able to exist as human beings or to exist at all?

    24. Do the points in this essay refer to us as selfish in a way? The people and the government seem to look at things as limitless but in reality stuff will run out. Example being the gas we use is not limitless and someday will run out. We need to be more resourceful and mindful. But of course no one thinks of these things while they fill their cars up..

    25. monetarywealth,whichdoesnotreli-ablystandfortherealwealthofland,resources,andworkmanshipbutinsteadwastesanddepletesit.

      How is monetary not a stats about wealth of land, but instead about wastes and depletes?

    26. orthosewhorejectheaven,helliseverywhere,andthusislimitless.Forthem,eventhethoughtofheavenishell

      Why is hell everywhere for those who reject heaven?

    27. Andso,inconfrontingthephenomenonof"peakoil."wearereallyconfrontingtheendofourcustomarydelusionof"more."

      Do we have a delusion that there will be enough oil and that it isn't going to ever run out?

    28. Hellhathnolimits,noriscircumscribedInoneselfplace,butwherewe[thedamned]areishell,Andwherehellismustweeverbe.

      So, by this metaphor, is the author implying that if we use our freedom to destroy nature, will there be no place to go where the environment is safe for living plants and animals?

    29. Theideaofalimitlesseconomyimpliesandrequiresadoctrineofgeneralhumanlimitlessness:allareentitledtopursuewithoutlimitwhatevertheyconceiveasdesirable-alicensethatclassifiesthemostexaltedChristiancapitalistwiththelowliestpornographer.ThisfantasyoflimitlessnessperhapsarosefromthecoincidenceoftheIn-dustrialRevolutionwiththesuddenlyexploitableresourcesoftheNewWorld

      Are we entitled to a limitless economy? Should we consume whatever we please in the world without regard to consequences of that unrestrained use of resources?

    30. eproblemwithusisnotonlyprodigalextravagancebutalsoanassumedlimitlessness.

      Why does our society have an assumed limitlessness when we are capable of doing things thought not possible?

    31. Discussion: How can limits be acknowledged positively without the impediment of progress?

    32. butifitwillburnforahundredmoreyears,thatwillbefine

      As a society, we tend to function in a rat race mentality, that we are busy people who focus on what is important and urgent. We usually put off what is urgent but can wait to be dealt with later. Is it wrong to let the next generation solve this problem so that we can continue on, "business as usual"?

    33. Will looking away from science and technology and going to focus on the arts really help with limitless? If you look at a broad spectrum of things are technology and art really limitless? Is anything limitless?

    34. alreadyabusedcropland

      Not really sure what "already abused cropland" is supposed to be referring to. The USA has plenty of land that is useful for crops, so we won't be running out of land anytime soon. Crops can be rotated to put the nutrients back in that a certain type of crop takes away. I would say that a shortage of water would be a bigger concern. As it is, we import about 19% of the food we consume for more variety of choices. With advances in farming, there is less crop loss and more yield per acre than ever before. Do you think that growing so-called bio-fuels such as wheat, corn, soybeans and sugarcane will really cause problems?

    35. Wewillhavetostartover,withadifferentandmucholderpremise:thenaturalnessand,forcreaturesoflimitedintelligence,thene~cessity,oflimits.

      Why will we need to start over? We can learn the concepts of ideas and things but we would not need to restart completely to understand it.

    36. Is the problem about us assuming limitlessness, true? Do we assume EVERYTHING is limitlessness?

    37. Apainting,howeverlarge,musrfinallybeboundedbyaframeorawall.Acomposerorplaywrightmustreckon,atamini#mum,withthecapacityofanaudiencetositstillandpayattention

      Were limits learned by time and society or did we always have them instilled in us? ( ex: attention span of an audience)

    1. not properly segmented into audience, text, or rhetorician

      By segmentation does she mean categorization? In which case, didn't she warn against categorization earlier in the article?

    2. s, as they accrete over

      To me, this links back to what Edbauer (Rice) was saying about temporality and the connection of that to the sender to receiver model. Networks cannot be rooted in one fragment of time, she claims, because then they become inflexible-- they may be perceived differently at different times, may reform over time, or many grow over time. Likewise, with the sender-receiver model, that is not a one and done thing. Perception of a message is flexible. So this begs the question, how do we recognize temporality in our rhetoric?

  6. libguides.colorado.edu libguides.colorado.edu
    1. After information is acquired andthe source of that information is forgotten, the information accessed a second time isassumed to be true.

      Familiarity effect - the more often you hear something, the more often you believe it to be true, regardless of other factors... What skill-sets are students employing to remain aware of this? How does the role of technology in their lives influence this phenomenon or not?

    1. assumed partial correctness.

      It is a valid assumption because total correctness is assumed which subsumes partial correctness.

      "First, we argue that there is some initial configuration in which the decision is not already predetermined." - this is the proof of this part.

      But why is a proof of this needed when the partial correctness already assumes that it is true that the configuration is bivalent (if all P begins with an initial config)?

    2. The associated sequence of steps is called a run.

      What's the relation between a step and an event?

    3. Thus, the message system acts nondeterministically, subject only to the condition that if receive( p) is performed infinitely many times, then every message (p, m) in the message buffer is eventually delivered. In particular, the message system is allowed to return 0 a finite number of times in response to receive(p), even though a message (p, m) is present in the buffer

      Hard to follow. Explain please?

      Also, why is this particular assumption made, that at infinity receives, every message is eventually delivered - how does not making this assumption change things?

    4. Our system model is rather strong

      Can we discuss the choices of models that we have and why this one might be particularly stronger than the others?

    1. State management then becomes the main component of a service’s SLA.

      Why?

    2. which are in general measured at the 99.9th percentile of the distribution.

      what does this mean?

    3. object versioning

      What's this?

  7. Sep 2016
    1. “But the question is ‘What are you?’ and the answer is I’m white.”

      im white....?

    2. they are wrestling with how to get more Latinos to pick a race. In 2010, they tested different wording in questions and last year they held focus groups, with a report on the research scheduled to be released by this summer.

      Why do they want to force latinos to pick one race?? There are so many different microcultures and sub groups that latinos are included in, the Census would have to add so many more options.

    1. 1990, and who lay in a “persistent vegetative” state until her death in 2005,

      how will someone live like this?

    1. harming workers, families, security and public finances in both countries.

      Starting off with a darker image of the damage that has been done so that the reader may ask "What can be done?"

    1. It is an outdated burden on the Cuban people.  It's a burden on the Americans who want to work and do business or invest here in Cuba.  It's time to lift the embargo.

      This a use of "Begging the Question", or circular reasoning because it asserts that [the embargo] is a burden on the Cuban people, and goes on to invoke that it likewise impedes Americans. But is the embargo actually burdensome to either populations? It is not addressed.

    2. Who would have believed that back in 1959?

      Obama uses a rhetorical question here to show the stark difference between the present and the 1950s in America. He calls people to reflect on the past and therefore to draw conclusions about the progress and change that has occurred since then. By reflecting on the past, he calls his audience to consider the future. He uses this strategy to engage his audience and invite them to participate.

  8. Aug 2016
    1. Which sentence BEST summarizes how Rio de Janeiro has been characterized by TV coverage of the Olympic games?

    2. Read the following two paragraphs from the beginning of the article. This favela of concrete homes and corrugated roofs, with a trash-filled canal running through the middle and gang graffiti tagging its walls, hasn't shed its reputation. But with the 24-year-old judo master's win, Roberto said, "you forget about your own suffering a little bit." "For this community, her victory means everything," said Tony Barros, a photographer and community organizer in City of God. "What other legacy will we get from the Olympics?" How do the two paragraphs reflect a CENTRAL idea of the article?

    1. We can also use the deriving keyword with newtype just like we would with data. We can derive instances for Eq, Ord, Enum, Bounded, Show and Read.

      What is the syntax that a derived Read parses when reading a list?

    1. "uri": "http://example.com/"

      The response code suggests the request succeeded, but the URI in the response is different from the URI in the request. And do I understand correctly that the update does not need the full object, but only changed fields are needed? (That sounds more like a PATCH request, but I'm not sure what HTTP semantics are in this context.)

  9. Jul 2016
    1. Im E-Skript steht der Übergang vom Laufen zum Gehen hat eine Froude-Zahl von 0.4. Spielt es keine Rolle ob vom Gehen zum Laufen oder umgekehrt betrachtet wird? Bleibt die Froude-Zahl gleich gross?

    1. Create an account using the sidebar on the right of the screen.

      Everyone gets their own annotation page, is that why no one else has marked this page up?

    1. i: 22

      Q: i和arguments[0]是相互独立的吗?如果我修改arguments[0], i会保持原来的值么?

      A: 下面Q&A部分有解释。i和arguments[0]应该reference to each other。

      但是究竟什么是reference to each other? 如果是object,我可以理解它们都reference到同一个object。但是如果是primitive呢?

    1. Indeed, any object that uses the Fruit () constructor will inherit all the Fruit.prototype properties and methods and all the properties and methods from the Fruit’s prototype, which is Plant.prototype.

      How this inheritance is implemented? Does it suggest that Fruit's prototype will hold a reference of Plant's prototye?

      Q: Why Fruit's prototype is Plant.prototype instead of the Plant object? A: Because aBanana.showNameAndColor().

      If Fruit.prototype is Plant.prototype, then shouldn't every object's prototype is just a reference of the Object.prototype?

  10. Jun 2016
    1. The this keyword evaluates to the value of the ThisBinding of the current execution context.

      这句话在暗示this其实和ThisBinding的值是不一样的?

      那么在Execution Context里面存的究竟是this还是ThiBinding呢?

    1. Title: What is it? An oral history of Izzy, the mascot marketing snafu of Olympic proportions - Atlanta Magazine

      Keywords: fantastic mascot—cobi, public appearances—, bob cohn, atlanta-based artist, york city, billy wanted, spanish art, children thought, vice president, senior director, blue blob, acog spokesperson, billy looked, easy character, olympic city, olympic games, olympic bid, question billy

      Summary: <br>Bob Cohn, cofounder of public relations agency Cohn & Wolfe, member of Payne’s mascot committee: In Barcelona in 1992, they had a fantastic mascot—Cobi, who was typical of Spanish art and filled with creativity.<br>Some of them wrote us back letters [that essentially said] “The nerve!” or “We’re not doing anything for nothing.”<br>So it couldn’t be characters that existed in Georgia lore.<br>Somebody sent us a deer.<br>John Ryan, then senior director at DESIGNefx, the animation division of Crawford Communications: The basic job was to design something that would appeal to children and broadly on a world stage.<br>Photograph by Rich Mahan/Atlanta Journal-Constitution via AP<br>It wore five Olympic rings—two on its eyes and three on its tail—and oversized sneakers nearly half the size of its body.<br>Bob Brennan, then ACOG spokesperson: Billy Payne wanted to do something modern, reflective of the technological world we lived in.<br>You had movies like Jurassic Park, Total Recall.<br>Shuman: I received Hi-Rez right at the deadline, a Friday.<br>When Billy looked at that [proposal], he said, “Gee whiz, wow.<br>Payne: As CEO of the Olympic Games, I felt it was both our responsibility and within my authority to make whatever decisions needed to be made.<br>Shuman: By the time I got back on Monday afternoon, Ginger told me Billy had made his decision.<br>Were we raising enough money?<br>Shuman: You didn’t question Billy.<br>Payne: The logical question that you would ask on seeing it is “What is it?” I guess we just said, “Well, we should just put it into one word.”<br>Shuman: The name, Whatizit, was almost worse than the character itself.<br>Does it all run together?<br>Ryan: We had to have [final] designs submitted by March [1992], knowing it’d be debuted in August at the Barcelona Games.<br>It really looked funky.<br>In a huge stadium it can’t be little.<br>Shuman: To generate interest about the mascot, we did these billboards all over town saying, “Whatizit?” We built up this huge anticipation.<br>Ryan: It was made very clear that if secrecy was violated, Crawford could lose future contracts.<br>Photograph courtesy of Harry Shurman<br>Meanwhile an amorphous animated character filled the stadium’s video monitors.<br>Evans: I took the field with Gregg Burge, the famous New York [tap] dancer.<br>Joel Babbit, CEO of the Narrative Content Group, veteran ad exec who worked with Payne to promote the Olympic bid, and City Hall’s first-ever chief marketing and communications officer under Jackson: If Maynard had an opinion, he kept it to himself.<br>“How do you say ‘Whatizit’ in Mandarin?”<br>Like, this is it?<br>Completely and totally horrified.<br>They’re complaining: This is terrible.<br>But [ACOG] had a lot riding on the mascot financially from license sales.<br>Robert Hollander, then ACOG’s vice president of licensing: My heart dropped into my stomach.<br>Hula: It’s something that’s supposed to evoke an image of Atlanta, the host city, and it really didn’t do that at all.<br>We didn’t even think we were compelled to do something that would make somebody in Australia say, “That mascot must be from Atlanta, Georgia.” It never crossed our minds.<br>It was sort of like a bigger Charlotte.<br>Photograph courtesy of R. Land<br>Ronnie Land, an Atlanta-based artist, better known as R. Land, who has made Izzy-inspired art: This was our “Hey, world, we’re Atlanta” moment.<br>LaTara Smith (née Bullock), ACOG’s “project coordinator for Izzy appearances” during the Olympics: I’ve heard everything from toothpaste to blue blob.<br>Hiskey: People were going to focus on the crazy blue thing because there wasn’t a lot of other cool stuff here.<br>Bob Hope, president of Atlanta-based public relations firm Hope-Beckham Inc.: I thought [Billy] briefly lost his mind.<br>Kevin Sack, a New York Times reporter based in Atlanta, wrote in a 1996 story that “[i]t is precisely Izzy’s nothingness that has unwittingly made him an apt symbol for this Olympic city.<br>Whatizit’s costume made Mike Luckovich’s punchline.<br>People were embarrassed [by Whatizit].<br>You wish people would look at the good stuff instead of focusing on the minutiae and losing the big picture.<br>Campbell: I suspect I hurt some people’s feelings.<br>Photograph by Raymond McCrea Jones<br>ACOG officially retired Whatizit in October 1993.<br>It worked.<br>Babbit: I liked the name Izzy.<br>Jacqueline Blum, senior vice president of Film Roman, the animation studio behind The Simpsons, King of the Hill, and Garfield and Friends, which produced an Izzy cartoon for TV: Izzy was a character created by committee.<br>Ryan: You got into a scenario where you have multiple art directors and bosses.<br>Hope: [Izzy was] like New Coke.<br>Smith: Izzy developed a nose.<br>Shuman: We had these stars coming out of his tail at one point.<br>I raised my hand and said, “Maybe not?” They left the shoes the way they are.<br>The costume had to get softer.<br>Evans: Children loved the mascot.<br>I’d guess probably close to 15 percent.<br>Watkins: I’m guessing [the bestselling item] would be the doll that was 12 inches that could be carried under a kid’s arm.<br>Lounge chair pillows.<br>Shuman: Billy wanted to market the shoes.<br>Blum: It’s not a particularly easy character to animate.<br>Hollander: Our broadcast partner, NBC, had gotten out of the children’s program business.<br>Watkins: They created an Izzy balloon that flew in New York City in the Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade.<br>Photograph by Caroline C. Kilgore<br>Evans helped create a mascot program that recruited volunteers through auditions.<br>Smith: By the time the Olympics came around, we had upwards of 20 Izzys that could be in different places at one time.<br>I asked [Izzy], “How does one become the mascot?” They were having tryouts the next weekend.<br>Don’t exclude children.<br>For example, Izzy loved everyone, so whether it was a critic or a fan, you didn’t show any negative emotion.<br>Izzy had a size 22 sneaker, so you had to fit your shoe inside Izzy’s shoe, inside another little pocket, and be able to walk around in his big feet.<br>Jay: You entered through the top of his mouth.<br>Smith: A lot of children thought it would be fun to swing on the tail.<br>Evans: The lighting bolt eyebrows and rings on the tail were prime targets for being pulled, punched, or ripped off for a souvenir.<br>Smith: Handlers began watching the perimeter.<br>Photograph courtesy of Harry Shuman<br>Is he still waiting for a shuttle bus?<br>Smith: We took over one of the Olympic headquarters offices.<br>Other times it would be outside as a crowd-pleaser.<br>Jay: We were instructed to wear the Izzy costume 30 minutes on, 30 minutes off, because you would sweat.<br>Wilsterman: There were two fans at the top of Izzy’s head [inside the costume].<br>I was able to whisper into a little microphone that went into the escort’s ear.<br>Smith: Izzy didn’t talk.<br>Izzy didn’t do public appearances—only [ones for] ticketed sponsors.<br>Brennan: I don’t think Izzy showed up at the closing ceremony.<br>Jay: When the flame went out, so did Izzy.<br>The question came up: Can someone dress up in the Izzy costume to greet visitors in the Atlanta History Center?<br>Photograph courtesy of LaTara Smith<br>Smith: I still have one of the Izzy costumes.<br>Payne: People didn’t like it.<br>I never lost my enthusiasm for Izzy.<br>Was it the greatest experience of my life?<br>Evans: I do appreciate the originality and willingness to do something different.<br>Land: Atlanta tries so hard to be what we think the world wants to view us as.<br>Shuman: Izzy was kind of like Colony Square—a little bit before his time.<br>Smith: It would’ve been easier to have a phoenix.<br>It didn’t say anything.<br>Babbit: It doesn’t matter what it was.<br>It was bizarre.<br>An image of Izzy?<br>Shuman: Usually everything Billy touched turned to gold.<br>This article originally appeared in our July 2016 issue.<br>Tags: 1996 Atlanta Olympics, 1996 Olympics, Atlanta Olympics, Billy Payne, Izzy, John Ryan, Olympics, R. Land, Whatizit<br>

    1. Thus, we basically need to re-train

      ... in order to achieve what? Statement doesn't seem complete.

      Perhaps "when we need lower dimensional embeddings with d = D', we can't obtain them from higher dimensional embeddings with d = D."?

      However, it is possible, to a certain extent, to obtain lower dimensional embeddings from higher dimensional ones - e.g. via PCA.

    1. We might keep them as public property, but allocate the right to enter them. The allocation might be on the basis of wealth, by the use of an auction system. It might be on the basis of merit, as defined by some agreed-upon standards. It might be by lottery. Or it might be on a first-come, first-served basis, administered to long queues.

      After answering that question, the next question will be : for how long is the allocated right to enter the park valid ?

    1. remove second-order depen-dencies

      What is it meant by this?

      Related question on stats

    2. orthonormal matrix
    3. is in meters and ̃xAis ininches.

      Again, might be so - but quite ambiguous statement. Since we see a decreasing function on the plot.

    4. nearby

      "nearby" would make sense if the right-most plot of Fig. 3 shows the first diagonal, which it doesn't.

      Or perhaps "nearby", but one of the cameras is upside down.

      All in all, quite ambiguous statement.

    5. basis

      New basis, right?

    1. more student engagement beyond the walls of a school.

      Guest users in Moodle - can we make it easier to get them into the space to engage with students? No more boring forums when the community members or guest speakers in a f-2-f class can contribute. What about a Google form for requests? Is there a way to limit guests to only one forum?

  11. May 2016
    1. Open Sound Control (OSC) is a protocol for communication among computers, sound synthesizers, and other multimedia devices that is optimized for modern networking technology

      what?!

  12. Apr 2016
    1. flexibility allows you to study what you need when you need it

      This is likely true for any study system. Then comes my question, how do I balance that flexibility with having some sort of overarching direction and plan? I need to be open to be guided by the Spirit (especially since I don't even have a mission president LOL).

    1. since there's no exposed next() call, the for..of loop cannot be used in situations where you need to pass in values to the generator steps as we did above.
    2. It may not be a good idea to rely on the return value from generators, because when iterating generator functions with for..of loops (see below), the final returned value would be thrown away.
  13. Mar 2016
    1. Is it okay to ask stupid questions? What is the consequence of asking a stupid question? How does it affect your interpretation of reality? How does it affect the conversation?

  14. Feb 2016
    1. social and political advancement i

      The racial system that was established in the new world was a racial hierarchy. The system worked based on the purity of ones blood. Then it was used as a status for political and social advancement.

    1. How does this creation story differ from the others you have read this week?

      In this creation story many people were killed and the others it was peaceful because when humans came to earth they were welcomed by animals or other people offering help until they found somewhere to go.

  15. Jan 2016
    1. international law system

      Wikipedia page https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_legal_system

      Does an International legal informatics database exist yet?

    2. Ecocide

      Interesting idea. The only thing is that the science is not where we would like it to be. Most of the accusing will need to be done in retrospect. In that case, many will have lost culpability due to insufficient knowledge. I just wonder how this will hold up in a court of law for most practical cases. For some large-scale cases, I can see it working, as long as the effects are enormous.

    1. We shall thus lessen the inequalities.

      How will society lessen the characteristics of inequalities when a society wants to destroy liberty?

    2. It follows from what we have observed that it is the utmost folly to denounce capital. To do so is to under- mine civilization, for capital is the first requisite of every social gain, educational, ecclesiastical, political, aesthetic, or other.

      Why is Sumner so strongly for a completely hands-off economy, does he have something to gain from the increasing wage gap?

    1. association of poverty with progress is the great enigma of our times

      Definition of enigma: A person or thing that is mysterious, puzzling, or difficult to understand

      Clarification: Some people find it difficult to understand why there is a correlation between poverty and progress

      Question: Can there ever be a time when every person benefits from progress?

    1. unlawfully assembling themselves together

      in other words, if you are black or mixed-race you have to have permission to gather in a group. Did they have permission to gather in churches? Might this be one way they "legally" gathered and help explain the prominence of black churches in the Civil Rights Movement many years later?

  16. Dec 2015
    1. Now, I want to correct a misconception on your part. Your ability to reason and think is not the equivalent of the three-dimensional frame of reference. Your thought processes and reasoning processes are not to be ignored. We would not be communicating at this very moment if you did not have the means to translate the meanings I am communicating into words and phrases. It is only by virtue of the fact that you have imagination, reason, perspicacity—all of the various capacities and functions of Consciousness—that you are able to correctly translate that which unfolds to you. This is true whether it is coming from me, or from that Place wherein you directly experience the Reality of Being. We run into trouble when we stand away from the Door, and begin our thinking or thought processes from their standpoint, and then extrapolate and come to conclusions without going within and being as Conscious Being. You see, Being unfolds Itself as meaning, not as language. It is through the function of Reason and Imagination that language is brought into play, for the purpose of verbalizing these infinite meanings which Being is unfolding. You do have a right to answers which will identify the Absolute Oneness of Being throughout your entire experience of Being.

      Question: what is the best Tag to use when referring to challenges that arise in life - here, Raj, speaks of running into trouble when we begin our thought process apart from conscious Being.

      Raj is correcting Paul's Belief, or misconception, regarding reason and thinking.

      He also further describes Being.

    1. As I said yesterday, your Being is unfolding Itself infinitely in all Its perfection. This is the Fact which underlies everything that Is, as well as everything that seems to be. Do not get hung up on what seems to be the case. Your Being is capable of manifesting Itself as your conscious experience of being, and has never stopped doing so. It is this ongoing eternal, abiding Fact which needs to become an integral part of your conscious experience. Cultivate It and you will not be sorry.

      What does he mean?

      The unfolding of Being underlies everything that is and everything that seems to be (even Illusion [what seems to be]??).

      You Being has never stopped manifesting Itself as your conscious experience of Being. Cultivate (Practice) this fact so it becomes an integral part of your experience and you will not be sorry.

    1. That which makes abundance appear to be lack is entirely in the standpoint. It depends entirely on which end of the binoculars you are looking through. As I have said before, you have a habit of switching ends quite frequently. This is what is frustrating you. When you receive a telephone call, or a statement in the mail, which claims that your Supply is not omnipresent—some part of your universe is coming up short—you must recognize this as being totally false. Your Being is omnipresently present and active. Since that is the Fact, then it would be foolish for you to go out and attempt to correct that illusion on the basis of the phone call or statement. The attempt is made on the basis of a false assumption.

      This is an effective metaphor: what is perceived depends on which end of the binoculars you are looking through.

      It is important to be aware of claims that what is false is true so they can be effectively addressed. This is why mindfulness or awareness is such an important component of the journey of awakening.

      What tag to use?? An event has arisen that claims Paul is in lack when that is not possible in Truth - only in illusion. How best to tag things like this?

    1. Tounderstandthissubtlebutpowerfuleffect,considerahor-izontalsheetoftinwhichisresonatinginsuchawaythatsomepartshavestrongverticaloscillationsandotherpartsaremotionless.Sandscatteredonthetinwillaccumulateinthemotionlessareaseventhoughthetime-averagedgradientiszeroeverywhere.

      Nice metaphor, but I wonder how well it matches, because sand has inertia and would jump around the surface. Would the metaphor be more accurate if the sand has no inertia and would not jump? I am thinking of marbles being squeezed between two sheets, rolling downwards wherever the sheet is at an angle.

    1. immortal Bird

      Ok, so it would not be the bird that is immortal, but it's song? The bird sings all over the scale (pitch, tone, etc.), so the song would not be consistent trough time. The feeling upon hearing the birds sound however, may be the repeatable occurrence through the ages.

  17. Nov 2015
    1. If the space doctor’s ideas were wrong, your phone wouldn’t be able to tell where it was.

      If all of the space boats travel at the same velocity and the same distance from the Earth's surface, the time shift of the on-board clock due to relativity would be the same. The difference between the clocks would be almost the same. How would the trouble appear?

    1. The same old story which is going on is that Reality, the Actuality, Fourth-dimensional Conscious Being, is what is going on and is what has always been going on in Its Totality. You must be very strict in your observance of what you know Actually to be true. Be willing to act, think, and respond from that standpoint. The need is to see the Actuality, not to respond or react to the partiality. Right now you are geared to spontaneously react to the way things appear. You are beginning to perceive that the necessity is to spontaneously respond to the Actuality as though that were the urgent need, rather than the limited, finite, three-dimensional view. I realize what I am telling you is not something new, but it is, nevertheless, the step that needs to be taken. It is the needed thing.

      Paul identifies a problem from his partial view of Being and Raj encourages him to change his perspective.

      Be willing to think and respond from what you know Actually to be true rather than to be fooled into believing what you see, hear, taste, smell, and feel is true.

      What???? Ignore my experience? Ignore what is coming to me through my physical senses and be willing to act only on a theory - an idea that has not yet been experienced????

      Question: We are taught two approaches, one, to live the truth and deny the illusion (5 minutes as Christ), and the other, to feel and embrace what we have always rejected and not wanted to even acknowledge. How does one do this? What does it even mean? The answer comes from living life and finding our way...

    1. beaded bubbles

      Strange, distilled and aged wines do not normally have bubbles formed once poured. The only thing I can think of that would be like a wine and bubbles is champagne. Is this intentionally added?

    1. rather than learning by ‘practicing’, ‘constructing’ or ‘appropriating’, learning is achieved by expandingfrom a current ‘knowledge location’ and building outwards onthe basis of that knowledge while simultaneouslysolving tensions inherent in it to create previously non-existent knowledge. This focus on the generation of the ‘new’ distinguishes expansive learning from the prevailing metaphors of learning, namelyacquisition and participation [22].

      is this possible with a teaching curriculum?

    1. Leave the “split experience” of Reality/unreality alone, as illustrated in the tares and the wheat parable.3 Let them appear to exist side by side. Let them appear to cause different consciousnesses. As long as there are two, you are not caught—deluded—into the three-dimensional-only frame of reference. This dual experience of consciousness is an affirmation or proof of your having crossed the change line. You are not in three-dimensional territory, although you can still see it and feel it. Take my word for it. Now, turn your back on the old territory and begin to look into the depths of your Being as Fourth-dimensional Man. As I said, once you cross the change line, clarification spontaneously begins to occur, and occur more rapidly. This is inevitable.

      This reminds me where Raj has shared words to the effect that it is all happening at once.

      Raj shares that be able to be aware of 3d and 4d at once means that Paul is not caught in 3d..

      The 'change line'..... is this the 'shift' that Wayne Dyer speaks of ?

    1. Examples of non-peach faces and bodies

      Did they vary in price or 'clams'? This would show direct variation with the 'value' of these body pieces and the implications it has in terms of racism.

    2. your representation of who you are or desire to be

      Is the author referring to representation in gameplay or in real life?

    1. complicated and contingen

      Lack of insight from their conclusion is underwhelming. What did they contribute to future researchers in this field of study?

    2. yler (age 10) was a self-avowed user of cheatsand would sometimes announce his intention to “cheat.”

      Is this during independent gameplay or two-player? These implications mean different things depending on the goal; are they cheating to beat a competitor or are they cheating for personal gain? And are both these things detrimental to their identity as a 'gamer'?

    3. Ecological validity is about having a basis to credibly claim that our researchaccounts are about how and what people do, learn, and think in daily life, and not simplyabout what they do within the context of contrived laboratory tasks

      Makes me think of all the articles on apprenticeship that we read about; what does learning entail? Is it the transfer of problem solving to real world contexts and careers, or are we using the basis of school curriculum? Here the author articulates that they will cover many types of learning and not just a translation to curricular learning.

    4. heseparate worlds viewholds, in different waysfor different writers, that game play is a world apart of people’s other activities in everydaylife.

      so what impact does this have on identity, community involvement, learning? so many questions....

    5. Considerthe following thought experiment: imagine that a learning scientist definitely proved, allother things being the same, that a year spent immersed in a game-based curriculum betterprepared a young person for a successful life and career than that same year spent in atraditional high school curriculum? What sort of changes might a finding like that suggestto the way we conceive of education and to the future of learning? It is clear that a lot hangson the transfer question

      I would love to know the answer to that. As someone who grew up not being allowed to play video games (and in turn, I think they're a huge waste of time), I would love to explore this possibility. More over, how do we decide what types of "out of classroom" learning are legitimate? Who decides this? Why is a trip considered immersive and important but a video game seen as a waste of time or not a valuable learning experience?

    1. Portal

      Is this avatar supposed to be inconspicuous?

    2. WhyvilleWhyville

      are these types of settings similar to playing with Barbies and other dolls?

    3. Socializing

      is it meaningful socializing if they never connect in person? can the relationships ever truly deepen?

    4. new playplaces.

      until what age is play considered a legitimate type of learning? forever?

    5. n general, Whyvillians feltpositive about our presence;

      This is an example of a time when someone joins a group or attempts LPP but will they ever get there? The hats immediately point out that they are not part of the group, really, and they never could be because of their age. The only way they could be would be by lying, and then even if they were really, really good liars, they would still be illegitimate, right? The only exception would be if they were so good at heir lies that they actually convince themselves that they belong there. Did that make sense...?

    1. ‘‘the best thing about having why-pox is havinglost of other people having it too because they know what you are going through.’’This is consistent with the 17.4%of Whyvillians who did not get Whypox butwanted to.

      like when you're 12 and want braces because all of your friends have them despite having braces being a terrible experience ;)

      in all seriousness, if you can't voluntarily participate in what is perceived as a significant communal experience, how do you legitimately participate?

    1. t’s just more convenient

      does this change the nature of relationships?

    2. public-by-default, private-through-effort mentality.Because of this public-by-default framework, most teens won’t bother to limit the audience who can see what they consider to be mundane conversations on Facebook.

      how does this shape identity? If your online personality is different than your in-person personality, how does that change your behavior, how you relate to others, etc?

    3. hese services to meet strangers, failing to recognize the hypocrisy in their advice about talking to strangers

      perhaps it would be worth it to explain to children that adults meeting strangers online is a little different than children given that adults are theoretically able to consent in different ways. I'm thinking about the problem of "stranger danger" online in the same way we think about it in person...

    4. What’s at stake is not whether someone can listen in but whether one should

      but shouldn't a parent be entitled to "listen in" on their child even if the child disagrees?