536 Matching Annotations
  1. Apr 2018
  2. annotatingausten.sfsuenglishdh.net annotatingausten.sfsuenglishdh.net
    1. decorum

      "That which is proper, suitable, seemly, befitting, becoming; fitness, propriety, congruity." (OED)

    2. the dining-parlour

      "A room used for dining or eating supper. Now rare." (OED)

    3. Vingt-un

      “A round game of cards in which the object is to make the number twenty-one or as near this as possible without exceeding it, by counting the pips on the cards, court-cards counting as ten, the ace one or eleven as the holder chooses”(OED).

    4. archly

      “In an arch manner; cleverly, waggishly; with good-humoured slyness or sauciness”(OED).

    5. capital

      “Prominent; important, significant; particular”(OED).

    6. superciliousness

      “The quality or character of being supercilious; haughty contemptuousness or superiority” (OED).

    7. petticoat

      "A woman's undercoat or under-tunic, analogous to the male petticoat, often padded and worn showing beneath an open gown." (OED)

    8. loo

      "A round card-game played by a varying number of players. The cards in three-card loo have the same value as in whist; in five-card loo the Jack of Clubs (‘Pam’) is the highest card. A player who fails to take a trick or breaks any of the laws of the game is ‘looed’, i.e. required to pay a certain sum, or ‘loo’, to the pool." (OED)

    9. Cheapside

      Cheapside- more like a marketplace than a street: up to 62 feet wide but with very narrow exits at each end. It is the main shopping centre of the City of London for the past 200 years.

    10. ragout

      "A highly seasoned dish, usually consisting of meat cut into small pieces and stewed with vegetables" (OED)

    11. indolent

      "Of persons, their disposition, action, etc. : Adverse to toil or exertion; slothful, lazy, idle." (OED)

    12. draughts

      "A dose of liquid, a potion" (OED)

    1. filial

      "Of or pertaining to a son or daughter" (OED).

    2. scruples

      "A thought or circumstance that troubles the mind or conscience; a doubt, uncertainty or hesitation in regard to right and wrong, duty, propriety, etc.; esp. one which is regarded as over-refined or over-nice, or which causes a person to hesitate where others would be bolder to act" (OED).

    3. flogged

      "To beat, whip; to chastise with repeated blows of a rod or whip"(OED).

    4. thorough bass

      Thorough bass, or figured bass, refers to "deep notes on the musical scale. The lowest part in harmonized musical composition" (OED).

    5. laconic

      “Following the Laconian manner, esp. in speech and writing; brief, concise, sententious. Of persons: Affecting a brief style of speech" (OED).

    6. conscientiously

      "In a conscientious manner; in accordance with one's conscience or one's sense of duty; on grounds of conscience; well and thoroughly; scrupulously" (OED).

    7. se’nnight

      "A period of seven (days and) nights; a week" (OED).

    8. iniquitous

      "Characterized by or full of iniquity; grossly unjust or unrighteous; wicked" (OED).

  3. annotatingausten.sfsuenglishdh.net annotatingausten.sfsuenglishdh.net
    1. trade

      Trade - The practice of making one's living in business, as opposed to in a profession or from unearned income. (OED)

    2. three-and-twenty years

      three and twenty years = 23

      This number references the 23 years they had been married.

    3. let

      When Mrs .Bennet says Netherfield is "let" she means someone is renting the estate.

    4. unassailed

      "not attacked; not assaulted" (Johnson).

    5. mayoralty

      Mayoralty - the office of mayor

      Sir William Lucas was mayor of Meryton

    1. toilette

      The action or process of washing, dressing, or arranging the hair." (OED)

    2. in spirits

      "'In spirits': in a cheerful mood; animated, elated, happy. 'out of spirits': low-spirited" (OED).

    3. proper

      "Of a person: behaving according to social norms or polite usage; decorous, well-mannered; correct, respectable (occasionally with implication of stiff formality)." (OED)

    4. transport

      "To ‘carry away’ with the strength of some emotion; to cause to be beside oneself, to put into an ecstasy, to enrapture." (OED)

    5. entailed

      “To settle (land, an estate, etc.) on a number of persons in succession, so that it cannot be bequeathed at pleasure by any one possessor” (OED).

    6. cassino

      Also spelled casino; "a card game for two to four people" (Pool, What Jane Austen Ate…, 281).

    7. quadrille

      "A card game played by four people with forty cards that was the fashionable predecessor of whist" (Pool, What Jane Austen Ate…, 360).

    8. out

      From “to come out”—when a young woman formally enters adult society, usually at 17 or 18, and is eligible for marriage (Pool, What Jane Austen Ate…, 288).

    9. connexions

      Also spelled "connections." "Relationship by family ties, as marriage or distant consanguinity" (OED).

    10. articles of plate

      "Gold or silver vessels and utensils" (OED).

    1. delicacy

      "Politeness of character, Tenderness, Softness; feminine beauty" (Johnson).

  4. annotatingausten.sfsuenglishdh.net annotatingausten.sfsuenglishdh.net
    1. Apothecary: a person who prepares and gives medicine. Around 1700, they were known as medical practitioners; however, today they are considered druggists or pharmaceutical chemists. (OED)

  5. Feb 2018
    1. Few will notice that the terms relationship, wealth, productivity and market society need definition or examples.

      I have become one of those few in my own personal writing skills.Whenever I come across a word that I do not comprehend or would like to know more about why one selected that word I pull up a new tab and use the definition to understand the writers point of view to understand what message the writer is trying to convey. I had to do this a lot to decipher the meaning of the Haltman text. It has helped the most though; however, during my research on my Gil Scott-Heron AIDS panel. During research I came across a lot of words that made it hard to understand what a writer was trying to say about Scott-Heron's life.

  6. Jan 2018
    1. sebum

      n. "a small gland in the skin which secretes a lubricating oily matter (sebum) into the hair follicles to lubricate the skin and hair." - Google

  7. Nov 2017
    1. Heteroscedasticity

      Heteroscedasticity is a hard word to pronounce, but it doesn't need to be a difficult concept to understand. Put simply, heteroscedasticity (also spelled heteroskedasticity) refers to the circumstance in which the variability of a variable is unequal across the range of values of a second variable that predicts it.

  8. Oct 2017
    1. We should be far too from the discouraging persuasion, that man is fixed, by the law of his nature, at a given point: that his improvement is a chimæra

      Within this paragraph, the authors and early founders of UVA made several points on why education was necessary by countering some of the current one-sided beliefs of society, with some key words. Man was not stagnant and his improvements did not need to be a chimaera, or a thing that is hoped or wished for but in fact is illusory or impossible to achieve. The other definition of chimaera is a fire-breathing monster from Greek mythology, which I think can be an interpretation that improvements to one’s morality and state of mind did not need to feel like some huge obstacle that we needed to face, but rather were very possible through knowledge. Then later, they speak about how the effects of education are not some far-fetched, optimistic, or “sanguine” hope, and marketing strategy, but a reality that is backed by proof. I found this all very interesting because, back then, education was still a point of debate, whereas now it’s one the most easily agreed solutions for a various of world problems.

  9. Sep 2017
    1. semiotic

      Semiotic - the study of signs and symbols as elements of communicative behavior; the analysis of systems of communication, as language, gestures, or clothing

  10. Jul 2017
    1. mujerista (Spanish for “womanist”)

      Translation of the term mujerista

    1. mestizaje-mulatez? Isasi-Díaz politely describes the original meaning of the terms as ‘the mingling of Amerindian and African blood with European blood’

      Definition of mestizaje-mulatez

  11. May 2017
    1. sweetmeats

      "A piece of candy or a piece of fruit covered with sugar" (Merriam-Webster).

    2. hartshorn

      "Spirit of hartshorn, also simply hartshorn: the aqueous solution of ammomnia (whether obtained from harts' horns or otherwise). salt of hartshorn: carbonate of ammonia; smelling salts" (OED). A hart is another term for stag or deer.

      Smelling salts are "a preparation of carbonate of ammonia and scent for smelling, used as a restorative in cases of faintness or headache" (OED).

    3. rubber

      According to the OED, rubber refers to "A set of games (usually three or five), the last of which is played to decide between the opponents when each has won an equal number; (hence) the winning of more than half the individual games by one side" (OED).

      This phrase altogether indicates that Lady Middleton was partaking in a card game upon hearing the news of Marianne.

    4. indisposition

      "Want of adaptation to some purpose, or to the circumstances of the case; unfitness, unsuitableness; incapacity, inability." (OED).

    5. barouche

      "A carriage with a half-head behind which can be raised or let down at pleasure, having a seat in front for the driver, and seats inside for two couples to sit facing each other" (OED).

    6. open weather

      "With implied favourable qualification: Weather suitable for some purpose. Obs." (OED)

    7. Law

      An exclamation, usually denoting intense agitation.

    8. two-penny post

      "The London post (1801-1839) for conveyance of letters, etc. at an ordinary charge of twopence each" (OED).

    9. the footman

      "An attendant or foot servant; one employed to run ahead of or alongside a coach, carriage" (OED).

    10. veal cutlets

      "The flesh of a calf as an article of diet. A calf...as killed for food or intended for this purpose. Now rare. Chiefly in names of dishes. Made from veal, as veal pie, veal broth, veal cutlet, veal gravy" (OED).

  12. annotatingausten.sfsuenglishdh.net annotatingausten.sfsuenglishdh.net
    1. drawing-room

      "A room reserved for reception of company, and to which the ladies withdraw from the dining-room after dinner" (OED).

      The drawing-room had feminine decorations compared to the other rooms in a home; which included classically tasteful furnishings and musical instruments" (Drawing rooms, The Regency Town House).

    2. garrets

      “A room on the uppermost floor of a house; an apartment formed either partially or wholly within the roof, an attic” (OED).

    3. East Indies

      "India and the adjacent regions of South-East Asia. In later use usually: the islands of South-East Asia, esp. the Malay Archipelago" (OED).

    4. Cottage

      A term used to designate a " small country residence... adapted to a moderate scale of living" (OED).

      The image below is a still from the 1995 film adaptation of Sense and Sensibility showing the building used to represent Barton Cottage.

    5. cousins

      The term was used to identify distant relatives to a family (OED). In the chapter, Sir John recognizes the Dashwoods as distant relatives to his family.

    6. pointers

      "Any of several breeds of large gun dog which on scenting game, esp. birds, adopt a distinctive pose, standing rigid with the muzzle pointed towards the game, often with one foot raised; a dog of one of these breeds" (OED).

    7. felicity

      “Happiness; prosperity; blissfulness; blessedness” (Johnson).

    8. smart

      "Of a person: neatly or (relatively) formally dressed; appearing neat and stylish; tidy, well turned-out."(OED).

    9. compass
      1. Someone or something that has a set of "boundaries and restrictions" (OED).
      2. "Space, room, or limits" (Johnson).
    10. palanquins

      "A covered conveyance, usually for one person, consisting of a large box carried on two horizontal poles by four or six (rarely two) bearers, used esp. in South, South-East, and East Asia" (OED).

    11. saucy

      "Of persons, their dispositions, actions, or language: Insolent towards superiors; presumptuous. Now chiefly colloq. with milder sense, applied to children and servants: Impertinent, rude, ‘cheeky’" (OED).

    12. scanty

      "Existing or present in small or insufficient quantity; not abundant" (OED).

    13. rapturous

      "Of a thing: characterized by or expressive of rapture" (OED). To be really delighted.

    14. approbation

      "The action of expressing oneself pleased or satisfied with anything; or the mere feeling of such satisfaction; approval expressed or entertained" (OED).

    15. vivacity

      "The state or condition of being vivacious" (OED). To be animated, lively.

    1. attentive

      Attentive is defined here as heedful; regardful; full of attention. Affection can be described as passion of any kind, and it's followed by the third definition that reads "love, kindness, good-will to some person".

      This definition is from the the 1775 Johnson Dictionary. This dictionary is the same one that Austen used, and this is why this would show the significance of the word "attentive" in this context.

    2. melancholy

      The first dictionary definition indicates that it is "a disease suppose to proceed from a rebundance of black bile." The second definition reads "a kindness of madness, in which the mind is always fixed on the object". We see this afflict Marianne throughout the duration of the novel, but the third recorded definition fits Colonel Brandon best: "A gloomy, pensive, discontented temper". This word was more frequently used as a noun, not an adjective.

    3. Combe

      "A short valley or hollow on a hillside or coastline, especially in southern England" (OED).

    4. tea

      "Tea is what the English refer to as "dinner"" (OED).

    5. shewn

      "Old-fashioned spelling of show" (OED).

    1. alacrity

      "Liveliness, sprightliness; briskness, speed; cheerful readiness or willingness. Also: an instance of this" (OED).

    2. consequences

      "A round game, in which a narrative of the meeting of a lady and a gentleman, their conversation, and the ensuing ‘consequences’, is concocted by the contribution of a name or fact by each of the players, in ignorance of what has been contributed by the others" (OED).

    3. veracity

      "The quality or character in persons of speaking or stating the truth; habitual observance of the truth; truthfulness, veraciousness" (OED).

    4. beaux

      "The attendant or suitor of a lady; a lover, sweetheart"


    5. coxcomb

      "A fool, simpleton (obs.); now, a foolish, conceited, showy person, vain of his accomplishments, appearance, or dress; a fop" (OED).

    6. incumbent

      "The holder of an ecclesiastical benefice" (OED).

    7. poking

      "To potter about; to move or work in a desultory, ineffective, or dawdling way" (OED).

    8. monstrous

      Meaning enormously.

    9. scheme

      "A plan; a combination of various things into one view, design, or purpose; a system" (Johnson).

    10. chaise

      Short for 'post-chaise', defined as ""a horse-drawn, usually four-wheeled carriage (in Britain usually having a closed body, the driver or postilion riding on one of the horses) used for carrying mail and passengers, esp. in the 18th and early 19th centuries"" (OED).

    11. complexion

      "Constitution or habit of mind, disposition, temperament; ‘nature’" (OED).

    12. in raptures

      A state, condition, or fit of intense delight or enthusiasm (OED).

    13. Their dress was very smart

      Fashionable, elegant, sophisticated; belonging to or associated with fashionable or high society (OED).

    14. ungenteel

      For persons, not "genteel"; of manners, habits, employments, etc. (OED).

    15. fashion

      In depreciatory sense, after, in, a or some fashion: somehow or another, in a sort, tolerably, not too well (OED).

    16. éclat

      Brilliancy, radiance, dazzling effect (in lit. sense or with conscious metaphor) (OED).

    1. gentility

      "Gentle birth; honourable extraction; the fact of belonging to a family of gentle blood. Also, the personality of one who is well-born" (OED).

    2. subjection

      "The action, state, or process of being submissive or subject to another; submission, obedience; homage" (OED).

    3. maxim

      “A rule or principle of conduct” (OED).

    4. annuities

      "A yearly grant, allowance, or income" (OED).

    5. competence

      “A sufficiency of means for living comfortably; a comfortable living or estate” (OED).

    6. assurance

      Lack of self-confidence (OED).

    7. liberality

      “The quality of being open-minded and free from prejudice; liberal-mindedness” (OED).

    8. banditti

      “One who is proscribed or outlawed; hence, a lawless desperate marauder, a brigand” (OED).

    9. genteel

      "Belonging to or included among the gentry; of a rank above the commonalty" (OED).

    10. environs

      "A surrounding area or district" (OED).

    11. raillery

      "Good-humoured ridicule or banter, often disguising a serious purpose; teasing, mockery" (OED).

    12. hackneyed

      "Made trite, uninteresting, or commonplace through familiarity or overuse; stale, tired; banal" (OED).

    13. picturesque

      "A term expressive of that peculiar kind of beauty, which is agreeable in a picture" (William Gilpin, Essay on Prints, xii). It is a term of the Romantic movement, believed to have been coined by Rev. William Gilpin, which seeks to brings together two paradigms, that of beauty and the sublime, in order to create one aesthetic ideal. The picturesque can be utilized to describe both architecture, such as Sotherton in Mansfield Park, or landscape in the way that Gilpin does in his travel books. (William Gilpin, From Observations Chiefly Made to Picturesque Beauty)

    14. controuled

      Both in the verb and the noun, the form Controul was very frequent from the 17th to the early 19th century (OED).

    15. effusions

      "The shedding of tears" (OED).

  13. annotatingausten.sfsuenglishdh.net annotatingausten.sfsuenglishdh.net
    1. connoisseur

      "A person well acquainted with one of the fine arts, and competent to pass a judgement in relation thereto; a critical judge of art or of matters of taste" (OED).

    2. barouche

      "A four-wheeled carriage with a half-head behind which can be raised or let down at pleasure, having a seat in front for the driver, and seats inside for two couples to sit facing each other."(OED). "Aristocratic vehicle, for dress occasions, mainly used in town"(Janeite Deb, Jane Austen In Vermont, Travel in Sense & Sensibility~Part IV~Carriages, cont'd, Web)

    3. asunder

      "In or into a position apart or separate; apart" (OED).

    4. abilities

      Abilities used here to describe: "mental power or capacity; cleverness, astuteness. In later use also: academic aptitude" (OED).

    5. moiety

      "A half, one of two equal parts." (OED)

      Used here to explain that the father has half the control of the fortune while the son will inherit the other half when he comes of age.

    6. sensibility

      "The quality of being readily and strongly affected by emotional or artistic influences and experiences; emotional awareness; susceptibility or sensitivity to, keen awareness of" (OED).

    7. sense of honour

      “Quality of character entitling a person to great respect; nobility of mind or spirit; honourableness, uprightness; a fine sense of, and strict adherence to, what is considered to be morally right or just" (OED).

    8. taste

      In this scene, taste is used to mean the "condition of liking or preferring something; inclination, liking for; appreciation" as well as "enjoyment, pleasure, relish" (OED).

  14. Apr 2017
    1. canvass

      "To solicit votes or support previously to an election" (OED).

    2. frank

      "To superscribe (a letter, etc.) with a signature, so as to ensure its being sent without charge" (OED). According to The History of the British Post Office, franking was a privilege that allowed sending letters without being charged. However, over time, this privilege was highly abused and ultimately by 1840 this privilege was finally abolished. Franking free letters for others not in Parliament and for non Parliament purposes was so serious a Franking Department was created to inspect such letter (Hemmeon, The History of the British Post Office, p. 57).

    3. casement

      "A window that opens like a door" (OED).

    4. abstruse

      "Difficult... opposite of obvious and easy" (OED).

    5. fettered

      "To bind; to enchain; to tie" (OED).

    6. disposition

      "temper of mind," (OED).

    7. cross

      "In an adverse or unfavorable way; contrary to one's desire or liking; awry, amiss" (OED).

    8. droll

      "Intentionally facetious, amusing, comical, funny; a funny or waggish fellow, a merry-andrew, buffoon, jester, humorist" (OED).

    9. smart

      "Smart" here meaning fashionable or trendy. The church isn't fashionable enough for Edward's family, but the army is too much so for him.

    10. palm

      "To impose (something) fraudulently on, upon . . . a person. Now chiefly with off: to pass off by trickery, fraud, or misrepresentation" (OED).

    11. M.P

      "A Member of Parliament; a person holding this title" (OED).

    12. silly

      "Of a person: lacking in judgement or common sense; foolish, thoughtless, empty-headed; characterized by ridiculous or frivolous behaviour" (OED).

    13. temporising

      "Temporary compliance" (OED)

  15. annotatingausten.sfsuenglishdh.net annotatingausten.sfsuenglishdh.net
    1. flannel waistcoats

      "A garment forming part of ordinary male attire, worn under an outer garment (a doublet, later a coat, jacket, or the like), and intended to be partly exposed to view when in wear" (OED).

      Flannel Waistcoat: "Usually of knitted wool, worn chiefly for additional warmth" (OED).

    2. fortune small

      "Amount of wealth; a person's possessions collectively, wealth, one possessing great (usually inherited) wealth. Also a stock of wealth, accumulated by an individual or received by inheritance, as a marriage portion, etc.; ordinarily implying a somewhat ample amount" (OED).

      In this sense it is someone who has an amount of money that isn’t overly large or overly small.

    3. infirmity

      "A special form or variety of bodily (or mental) weakness; an illness, disease, a failing in one or other of the faculties or senses" (OED).

    4. jointure.

      "A sole estate limited to the wife, being a competent livelihood of freehold for the wife of lands and tenements, to take effect upon the death of the husband for the life of the wife at least" (OED).

    5. garden

      “A piece of ground adjoining a building (esp. a private property), often with grass, flowers, trees, etc., and generally used for recreation” (OED).

    6. sick chamber

      "A room designated for ill occupants" (OED).

    7. invariable

      "Changeable, unalterable; remaining ever the same, unchanging, constant; occurring alike in every case, unvarying" (OED).

    8. languid

      "Of a person, a person's character, actions, emotions, not easily inspired to emotion, exhibiting only faint interest or concern; spiritless, indifferent, apathetic" (OED).

    9. grate

      "A frame of metal bars for holding the fuel in a fireplace or furnace. Hence, the fireplace itself" (OED).

    10. indisposition

      "The state of not being mentally disposed, or ‘in the mind’ (to something, or to do something); disinclination, unwillingness" (OED).

    11. fortnight

      "A period of fourteen nights; two weeks" (OED).

    12. compact of convenience

      "A marriage contract of convenience rather then love" (OED).

    13. matrimony.

      "A marriage; an act of getting married. Also: a union or alliance formed by marriage" (OED).

    14. animated

      "Full of the activity and movement of life, enlivened; spirited, lively, vivacious" (OED).

    15. Park

      "A house or mansion having extensive ornamental grounds. Usually in the names of estates" (OED).

    16. nabobs

      "In extended use: a wealthy, influential, or powerful landowner or other person, esp. one with an extravagantly luxurious lifestyle; spec. (now hist.) a British person who acquired a large fortune in India during the period of British rule. Also: any wealthy or high-ranking foreigner (rare)" (OED).

    17. ascertained

      "Determined, fixed" (OED).

    18. acuteness

      A person’s intelligence or cleverness (OED).

    19. raillery

      "Good-humoured ridicule or banter, often disguising a serious purpose; teasing, mockery" (OED).

  16. annotatingausten.sfsuenglishdh.net annotatingausten.sfsuenglishdh.net
    1. incommode

      Described as "to subject to inconvenience or discomfort; to trouble, annoy, molest, embarrass, inconvenience."

      This word was most popularly used in England between 1690 and 1760, but became uncommon by the 1950s. (OED)

    2. propensities

      The OED defines propensity as a "favourable inclination or disposition towards a person, party, etc.; partiality; goodwill; an instance of this. Now rare."

      The word began appearing in the English language in the early 17th Century, and was used most frequently in the late 18th Century and early 19th Century. Usage plummeted in the early 20th Century and now appears very rarely in common-day English.

    1. a rebellion a rebellion

      But rebellions themselves are dependent on viewpoint, as well. What might be called a "rebellion" by the rebels if they succeed might also be called a riot by the dominant forces should the rebellion fail.

      Rebellion definition: an act of violent or open resistance to an established government or ruler.

      Riot definition: a violent disturbance of the peace by a crowd.

  17. Mar 2017
    1. [dessiner]

      I like the inclusion of the original French words throughout this piece, because I think they add more depth and dimension to Derrida's argument. For instance, "dessiner" can be translated into English as "depict" but it's more direct translation is "draw." I'm actually curious if the inclusion of the original French was something that Derrida insisted upon in the English version (and that's just me assuming that he wrote this text in his native French...) or whether that was an decision made by the editor(s) of this version? Anyway, these alternative French words and their alternative definitions/English translations have got me thinking here about Byron's earlier annotation, when he undertook defining polysemy...

  18. Feb 2017
    1. topoi

      Definition: plural of Greek topos meaning a convention or motif, especially in a literary work; a rhetorical convention; a standardized method of constructing or treating an argument

    1. First, The ideas they stand for are very com-plex, and made up of a great number of ideas put together.

      Is this not applicable for all words? I suppose I've always thought that the definition/meaning of a word as intersectional; different interpretations or significations inform one another in a kind of network of accumulation.

  19. Dec 2016
  20. Jul 2016
    1. Pages 119 and 120

      Here Borgman discusses the various definitions of data showing them working across the fields

      the following definition of data is widely accepted in this context: AT&T portable representation of information in a formalized manner suitable for communication, interpretation, or processing. Examples of data include a sequence of bits, a table of numbers, the characters on a page, recording of sounds made by a person speaking Ori moon rocks specimen. Definitions of data often arise from Individual disciplines, but can apply to data used in science, technology, the social sciences, and the humanities: data are facts, numbers, letters, and symbols that describe an object, idea, condition, situation, or other factors.... Terms data and facts are treated interchangeably, as is the case in legal context. Sources of data includes observations, complications, experiment, and record-keeping. Observational data include weather measurements... And attitude surveys... Or involve multiple places and times. Computational data result from executing a computer model or simulation.... experimental data include results from laboratory studies such as measurements of chemical reactions or from field experiments such as controlled Behavioral Studies.... records of government, business, and public and private life also yield useful data for scientific, social scientific, and humanistic research.

  21. May 2016
  22. annotatingausten.sfsuenglishdh.net annotatingausten.sfsuenglishdh.net
    1. turban

      “A woman’s hat designed to resemble a turban” (OED). This was a fashionable headdress for women from the 1790's through the 1820's, inspired by English trade with India (Walford, Vintage Fashion Guild).

    2. a large Newfoundland puppy and two or three terriers

      According to the American Kennel Club, The Newfoundland is a massive breed of English working dog, used for pulling nets, carts, and carrying loads. Newfoundlands also make excellent guard dogs. Henry's puppy would look something like this,

      but would grow to be a very large dog.

      Terrier is a group of breeds, originally bred to hunt vermin. Some examples include the West Highland White Terrier, Cairn Terrier, and Norfolk Terrier.

      These dogs were kept not only as companions, but as useful parts of the household: the Terriers to control rats and other vermin, and the Newfoundland (when grown) for protection and labor. Even so, the Newfoundland’s sweet disposition would make for an ideal companion (American Kennel Club).

    3. rhodomontade

      "Boastful or inflated talk or behavior." Also spelled rodomontade, it is pronounced rädəmənˈtād (OED).

  23. annotatingausten.sfsuenglishdh.net annotatingausten.sfsuenglishdh.net
    1. arch

      Usually referring to, "women and children, and esp. of their facial expression: Slily saucy, pleasantly mischievous" (OED).

    2. abbeys

      An abbey is "A private residence, school, etc., formerly (part of) an abbey" (OED).

    3. a traveling–chaise and four

      A traveling chaise was a mode of quick transportation used by rich people, in the eighteenth century. This type of chaise was a closed carriage, which was equipped with four horses. The equipage, which was expensive, was generally composed of two men driving the two horses at the front and sometimes one postilion seated at the back ("Legacy Owensboro").

    4. approbation

      "The action of formally or authoritatively declaring good or true; sanction" (OED).

    5. sanguine

      "Of persons and expectations, etc.; Hopeful or confident with reference to some particular issue" (OED).

    6. postilions

      "A person who rides the leading, left-hand side horse drawing a coach or carriage, esp. when only one pair is used and there is no coachman" (OED).

    7. Rumford

      A Rumford was a modern type of fireplace. It was a sign of wealth if someone could afford to update their fireplace to the fashionable style.

  24. annotatingausten.sfsuenglishdh.net annotatingausten.sfsuenglishdh.net
    1. habit

      "Bodily apparel or attire; clothing, raiment, dress" (OED). Here, it most likely refers to a riding habit, which was worn by women when riding a horse. The riding habit had also become fashionable to wear while traveling (Jane Austen's World, Vic, "Women’s Riding Outfits in the Early 18th Century").

    2. breeches–ball

      Since the washing of clothes was quite infrequent in Austens day, this was a method of dry cleaning. "A ball of composition for cleaning breeches" (OED).

    3. counterpane

      "The outer covering of a bed, generally more or less ornamental, being woven in a raised pattern, quilted, made of patch-work, etc.; a coverlet, a quilt" (OED).

    4. pamphlets

      Unlike the typical pamphlets we may think about today, in this era, pamphlets were used for political information.

    5. hair–powder

      In Austen's time hair powder was essential for wigs to ensure freshness. It was white in color and commonly used with people of higher hierarchal status. “A scented powder made of fine flour or starch, used in the 18th c. for sprinkling the hair or wig in hairdressing” (OED).

    6. massy

      "Consisting of a large mass or masses of heavy material; of great size and weight; massive. Of a building: consisting of great blocks of masonry" (OED).

  25. annotatingausten.sfsuenglishdh.net annotatingausten.sfsuenglishdh.net
    1. Captain

      "Originally Captain-Lieutenant, becoming Captain in 1772. Lat. capitaneus "chieftain", from Lat. caput "head". Chieftain or head of a unit. As armies evolved his post came to be at the head of a company, which by the Sixteenth Century was usually 100 to 200 men. That seemed to be the number one man could manage in battle" (Harding, British Army Ranks).

    2. muff

      "A covering, often of fur and usually of cylindrical shape with open ends, into which both hands may be placed for warmth. Now chiefly hist" (OED) .

    3. tippet

      "A long narrow slip of cloth or hanging part of dress, formerly worn, either attached to and forming part of the hood, head-dress, or sleeve, or loose, as a scarf or the like" (OED).

    4. road–books

      "A book of maps showing the roads of a district or country, often having additional information of interest to travellers or motorists; (also formerly) a book describing particular roads or routes" (OED).

    5. uncoquettish

      "Coquette: a woman (more or less young), who uses arts to gain the admiration and affection of men, merely for the gratification of vanity or from a desire of conquest, and without any intention of responding to the feelings aroused; a woman who habitually trifles with the affections of men; a flirt" (OED).

    6. quiz

      "Senses relating to oddness or eccentricity. Now rare and arch" (OED).

    7. charge

      "The duty or responsibility of taking care of (a person or thing); care, custody, superintendence" (OED).

    8. bustle

      "To be fussily or noisily active; to move about in an energetic and busy manner; to make a show of activity" (OED).

  26. annotatingausten.sfsuenglishdh.net annotatingausten.sfsuenglishdh.net
    1. phaetons

      "A type of light four-wheeled open carriage, usually drawn by a pair of horses, and having one or two seats facing forward" (OED).

    2. the lady had asked whether any message had been left for her; and on his saying no, had felt for a card, but said she had none about her, and went away

      Here, the narration refers to a “card”, which is more properly known as a calling card. A calling card -- or visiting card-- is defined as “a card bearing a person’s name and address, sent or left in lieu of a formal social or business visit; a visiting card” (OED). Originally a Parisian trend, these cards were either sent or left at a person’s place of residence to denote that acquaintance had formally visited while they were away or later intended to visit them (Robert Chambers, The Book of Days, np).

    3. counterpoise

      "Something of equivalent force, effect, or weight on the opposite side, that which serves as a counterbalance or set off" (OED).

    4. simpleton

      This is a more-or-less archaic word in the sense that it is not often used in modern times, however in the late eighteenth/early nineteenth century it was a euphemism for fool or idiot (OED).

    5. Argyle Buildings

      The Argyle Buildings are located on Argyle Street in Bath. It is a famous street located in the center of the city that was - and still is - popular with tourists for hotels, pubs, spa resorts, and venues for social gatherings (Alexander Whitelaw, Conversations Lexicon, 464).

    6. gay

      While in Austen's time the word "gay" could be defined as lighthearted, fun, or happy, in modern times it is more traditionally used as a synonym for "homosexual." Also, while in Austen's time it was a positive word, nowadays it is even sometimes used as a slang for something negative or disagreeable, or a slur (OED).

    7. brickbat

      "A piece of fragment of a brick... It is the typical ready missile, where stones are scarce" (OED).

  27. annotatingausten.sfsuenglishdh.net annotatingausten.sfsuenglishdh.net
    1. mental endowments

      Austen uses the term "endowment", to draw attention to the acquisition of knowledge not innate ability. “The word may be properly used in opposition to the gifts of nature” (Johnson).

    2. address

      The word "address" in this context is different from the modern definition of a place of residency. In this context, "address" refers to a "manner of addressing another" (Johnson).

    3. rapturous

      "A state of intense delight or euphoria" (OED).