- Mar 2017
Normal plurals - More than one of a thing. ECC 10:7 רָאִ֥יתִי עֲבָדִ֖ים עַל־סוּסִ֑ים I have seen servants on horses.
Plural of extension - Two of the most common examples are heaven and water, in some translations these are translated as "heavens" and "waters", while others opt for the singular "heaven" and "water". GEN 1:1 בְּרֵאשִׁ֖ית בָּרָ֣א אֱלֹהִ֑ים אֵ֥ת הַשָּׁמַ֖יִם In the beginning he created God the heaven(s). GEN 1:2 וְר֣וּחַ אֱלֹהִ֔ים מְרַחֶ֖פֶת עַל־פְּנֵ֥י הַמָּֽיִם׃ and the Spirit of God moving on the face of the water(s). - Smooth: The Spirit of God was moving on the surface of the waters.
Abstract plurals - In English abstract pluras are often singular and have endings like -ness, -hood, and -ship. GEN 19:11 הִכּוּ֙ בַּסַּנְוֵרִ֔ים they hit [them] with the blindness - sooth: "they struck them with blindness". GEN 21:7 כִּֽי־יָלַ֥דְתִּי בֵ֖ן לִזְקֻנָֽיו׃ yet I bore a son to his old age. - Smooth: yet I have borne him a son in his old age!
Summing up different parts of an action. GEN 50:3 כִּ֛י כֵּ֥ן יִמְלְא֖וּ יְמֵ֣י הַחֲנֻטִ֑ים for so are filled the days of embalming. - Smooth: for that was the full time for embalming. JER 13:27 נִֽאֻפַ֤יִךְ וּמִצְהֲלֹותַ֨יִךְ֙ ... רָאִ֖יתִי Your adulteries and your neighings ... I have seen - Smooth: I have seen your adultery and neighing.
Some nouns are collective.
"Collectives are grammatically singular and are discussed there."
Feminine plural nouns usually end in ות. Masculine plural nouns usually end in ים ִ with a hireq before the yod.
This should be under the heading "form".
אֱלֹהִ֑ים can mean god, gods, or even God.
This is discussed under the singular.