1,458 Matching Annotations
  1. Nov 2018
    1. Her mother, Cathie Vetrano, referred to the suspect as an “animal,” a “savage” and a “demon.”

      Continually, criminalizing Chanel.

    2. Chief Boyce also said that Mr. Lewis made “detailed, incriminating statements” when detectives began questioning him.

      Making Chanel Lewis the criminal.

    3. Officials said the killing was apparently the brutal result of a random encounter. Chief Boyce said Mr. Lewis had no criminal record

      An absolute random killing is almost not the case, yet they constantly push this. Possibly highlighting that the youth are dangerous or the black youth?

    4. The call came to detectives’ attention during a “deep dive” for additional clues

      Makes the police look very competent.

    5. The police zeroed in on the man, identified as Chanel Lewis, in the last 10 days, after investigators reviewed a 911 call that placed him in the same part of the park in May.

      The way they say Identified as Chanel Lewis, encourages a perspective that he is just a man with a name instead of a person.

    6. 20-year-old man

      A "man"

    1. get the better of the major objection to your argument by raising and answering it in advance

      We've talked about the importance of anticipating objections when writing all three of our previous assignments. WP2-B is no exception. Addressing likely objections helps you rhetorically, as it shows you're paying attention to what others say, not just to what you happen to think.

    2. An op-ed contributor is a specialist who seeks only to inform them

      I would prefer the word "persuade" to "inform." When informing readers, one doesn't necessarily have to make an argument. But op-eds are all about argument. So, aim to do more than inform. Persuade your readers to accept your argument.

    1. void-of-conflict-of-interest relationship

      How do you create this type of "void of conflict of interest" relationship? What does that mean? Is it possible to be completely devoid of conflicts of interest when working with industry or any institution for that matter?

    2. School leaders have become so central to sales that a few private firms will now, for fees that can climb into the tens of thousands of dollars, arrange meetings for vendors with school officials, on some occasions paying superintendents as consultants. Tech-backed organizations have also flown superintendents to conferences at resorts. And school leaders have evangelized company products to other districts.

      This sounds suspiciously similar to what Robert Maxwell did to turn journals into a club and articles into a commodity. He gave the board members incredible perks.

    3. Why does a first grader need to have it?” Mr. Dance said in an interview last year. “In order to break the silos of equity, you’ve got to say that everyone gets it.”

      Do 1st graders really need technology in their education?

    4. Silicon Valley is going all out to own America’s school computer-and-software market, projected to reach $21 billion in sales by 2020

      It is crazy to see how much technology in education has changed these past few years. When I was in elementary school, we would be able to use computers for an hour every Friday and now these kids interact with computers daily. Do you think computers enhance or take away from children's learning?

    5. Mr. Sundstrom, ERDI’s president, said education companies pay a fee to attend events “not to meet school leaders or make a sale,” but to get meaningful feedback on their education products from knowledgeable school leaders. He added that school officials do not make purchases at ERDI sessions and that it is their school boards that approve district purchases.

      My main question to this is why do they need to meet with superintendents (school leaders) and not educational researchers or actual teachers if they genuinely want feedback on their product?

    6. The district wanted a device that would work both for youngsters who couldn’t yet type and for high schoolers. In early 2014, it chose a particularly complex machine, an HP laptop that converts to a tablet. That device ranked third out of four devices the district considered, according to the district’s hardware evaluation forms, which The Times obtained. Over all, the HP device scored 27 on a 46-point scale. A Dell device ranked first at 34.

      This is interesting -- I would love to learn more about how these assessments are done, what criteria they put int these "evaluation forms", and if they are empirically based or not. It's especially interesting that they did not go with the "best" choice from their evaluation.

    7. In some significant ways, the industry’s efforts to push laptops and apps in schools resemble influence techniques pioneered by drug makers. The pharmaceutical industry has long cultivated physicians as experts and financed organizations, like patient advocacy groups, to promote its products.Studies have found that strategies like these work, and even a free $20 meal from a drug maker can influence a doctor’s prescribing practices. That is one reason the government today maintains a database of drug maker payments, including meals, to many physicians.

      This is an interesting analogy that although I think the comparison to drug companies is a little extreme, I think that it does point out a good practice of wanting to document these public-corporate partnerships and payments

    1. The researchers hypothesized that, because students can type faster

      Her evidence for why students learn less with laptops

    2. Laptops distract from learning, both for users and for those around them

      Supporting evidence for why she wants to ban laptops.

    3. They also tend to earn worse grades

      2nd reason she wants to ban laptops.

    4. college students learn less when they use computers or tablets during lectures.

      First reason she wants to ban laptops.

  2. Oct 2018
    1. nearly half the artists are female and half are nonwhite. Calling the painting “a mockery” and “an injustice to the black community,”

      How is this "a mockery" what makes this picture "an injustice?"

    2. Ms. Schutz, who first exhibited the painting last year in a gallery in Berlin, has stated that she intends never to sell the work

      This sounds like a safe move.

    3. The curators said that they wanted to include the painting because many of the exhibition’s artists focus on violence

      This picture certainly fits the bill.

    4. “I feel like she doesn’t have the privilege to speak for black people as a whole or for Emmett Till’s family,”

      I feel like she painted this moment because she just wanted to show people what she witness. In my opinion, I think of art as a way to express your emotions and thats what I think she was trying to do.

    5. “I feel like she doesn’t have the privilege to speak for black people as a whole or for Emmett Till’s family,”

      I don't think the artist' goal was to speak for black people as a whole but more so to display what happened and it's importance to culture.

    6. I don’t believe that people can ever really know what it is like to be someone else

      Here she is saying that you can't truly feel what others feel because everyone is different. This proved the point that she does not want to speak for anyone else, she just wanted to show Emmett Till's mother that she has empathy for her.

    7. I feel like she doesn’t have the privilege to speak for black people as a whole or for Emmett Till’s family,

      I don't feel like she is trying to speak for Black People or for Emmett Till's family. She was just paining a picture based off of an event that occurred. I feel that the purpose of the painting was to let people know what was happening, more than to speak for a whole group of people.

    8. that she had made up the most sensational part of her account.

      This is absolutely awful. Women and men should never lie or fabricate the truth about something as serious as sexual harassment. The woman who accused Emmett Till of being verbally and physically aggressive with her, after whistling at her, cost him his life.

    9. She added that she felt the painting was a means of “not letting Till’s death be forgotten, as Mamie, his mother so wanted.”

      This is what Dana Schutz wanted to do. She made her painting based on the fact that she is also a mother and could not bear to lose a child, especially the way that Emmett Till's mother did. It is important that people who view this painting, regardless of their race, understand the message that Dana Schutz wanted to send, not the message that other people are protesting for.

    10. “I feel like she doesn’t have the privilege to speak for black people as a whole or for Emmett Till’s family,”

      Mr. Bright is assuming that Dana Schutz is using her painting to speak for black people. From this article, I have not read anything that indicates the artist trying to speak for black people. She painted someone who was brutally killed, which was definitely a controversial move, but she had no evil motive.

    11. “Right now I think there are a lot of sensitivities not just to race but to questions of identities in general.

      I completely agree with this statement because besides sensitivity towards racial identity, there is also a great amount of sensitivity towards sexual identity as well due to the generational gap between today's youth and the past's elders. Though parents and grandparents of previous decades may be accustomed to strict, conservative guidelines and unintentional prejudice due to the lack of education upon sensitive topics such as the above, today's youth actively speak out about their troubles and movements towards a more open and comfortable environment. Thus, there is a divide between the generation passing and the one that is creating the future.

    12. Art can be a space for empathy, a vehicle for connection.

      I think Ms. Schutz's was to show empathy towards the family, especially the mom instead of unintentionally being racist to what happened to Emmett Till.

    13. He also objects to the thought that the painting could be sold and make Ms. Schutz, whose work is highly sought after, a significant amount of money.

      Another reason for the negative reaction is that the painting is thought to be an act of cultural appropriation.

    14. Ms. Schutz, who first exhibited the painting last year in a gallery in Berlin,

      What kind of criticism, if any, did she face there?

    15. a mockery

      Since they call the painting "a mockery," then this most likely means that the art style is a factor as to why the painting is considered offensive.

    16. The protest has found traction on Twitter, where some commenters have called for destruction of the painting and others have focused on what they view as an ill-conceived attempt by Ms. Schutz to aestheticize an atrocity.

      They should not be so quick to accuse. She may have not meant anything racist about the painting. And is it just the subject that makes the painting offensive or is it what the art alludes to? Or is it the art style?

    17. “contemporary art is a fundamentally white supremacist institution despite all our nice friends.”

      All contemporary art? Nice friends?

    1. On the mainland, the case is a warning sign for many American states and municipalities — such as Illinois and Philadelphia — that are facing some of the same strains, including rising pension costs, crumbling infrastructure, departing taxpayers and credit downgrades that make it more expensive to raise money.Puerto Rico’s case could show public workers and retirees that seemingly inviolate pension systems can be changed, too.

      comparative a crisis of an island that geography is 100 by 30 miles with situations that are facing states like Illinois and Philadelphia

    2. The small Caribbean island — home to some 3.5 million people, many of whom still feel the sting of the annexation of their ancestors’ lands in 1898 — owes approximately $34,000 in debt per man, woman and child. Public school budgets and other services are all being cut as part of the austerity planning.

      this is showing how affect the dept to the population in Puerto Rico

    3. Puerto Rico is a territory of the United States. This is a distinction that, for years, has carried many of the advantages of being part of the United States and few of the downsides. Most notably, Puerto Rico receives many types of federal assistance, but its residents do not pay federal personal-income tax, at least not on the income they earn on the island.But territorial status is now hurting the island at its time of greatest need. Health care is a large and growing part of its economy, but the federal government reimburses its doctors and hospitals at lower rates than if it were a state, for example. That prompts its doctors to leave for the mainland. And unlike cities or counties on the mainland, Puerto Rico cannot file for bankruptcy.

      I like this data because is showing the ups and downs for being a colony

    4. In 1917, Congress passed a law making Puerto Ricans United States citizens. That same law, still on the books today, empowered the island to raise money by issuing tax-exempt bonds, but with a special twist — the interest paid by the bonds cannot be taxed by any body of government, regardless of the state or city in which the bondholder lives. This has inspired people with eyes on easy profits to dive in for decades.

      here is a connection with the Act of Jones

    5. Since 2006, Puerto Rico has been in a painful recession. Successive governments dug it deeper into debt by borrowing from Wall Street hedge funds and other institutions — even from mom-and-pop investors — to pay operating expenses. In 2016, the island effectively ran out of cash and stopped paying its debt.

      good introduction of to explain the economical crisis

    1. ‘the hijab is not something that should ever be seen on American women.

      everyone has the right to believe in what they want to. Freedom of religion.

    2. For yet others, the whole idea of assimilation is wrongheaded, and integration — a dynamic process that retains the connotation of individuality — is seen as the better model. Think salad bowl, rather than melting pot: Each ingredient keeps its flavor, even as it mixes with others.

      3rd possibility

    3. For some, assimilation is based on pragmatic considerations, like achieving some fluency in the dominant language, some educational or economic success, some familiarity with the country’s history and culture

      1st possibility

    4. For others, it runs deeper and involves relinquishing all ties, even linguistic ones, to the old country.

      2nd possibility

    5. The word has its roots in the Latin ‘‘simulare,’’ meaning to make similar.

      a useful defintion to supplement Yoshino

    1. “I prefer using Facebook because that’s where my customers are. The first thing people want to do when they buy a smartphone is to open a Facebook account.”

      example of how the internet and social media are literally taking over the world. Do you think this is a bad thing? or does the positives of social media outweigh the negatives

    2. The goal of European regulators, officials said, is to give users greater control over the data from social media posts, online searches and purchases that Facebook and other tech giants rely on to monitor our online habits.

      Europe is trying to give the general public more power over how much their data is shared and how much privacy they have

    3. In 2016, Facebook took tentative steps toward embracing China’s censorship policies

      it's interesting how hard facebook has tried to win China over, and how little success theyve had

    4. But all those efforts flopped, foiling Facebook’s attempts to crack one of the most isolated pockets of the internet.

      Do you think zuckerberg's tactics are deceitful? or is it just a "know your audience" situation?

    5. “But when you look at the data and truly listen to the people around the world who rely on our service, it’s clear that we do a much better job of bringing people together than polarizing them.”

      what are some ways in which Facebook, social media, and the internet polarize people? and bring them together?

    1. Faigy Mayer

      Lighting the way for footsteps.

    2. she was available for sex in exchange for money. Ultra-Orthodox men

      Being free with her sexual desires. It is odd that the men that she is sleeping with seem to think that she still has a chance at religious life.

    3. Some of them were dressed like me, in jeans and American casualwear, and others wore the clothing of their upbringings: long skirts and high-collared shirts for women; black velvet skullcaps and long, virgin beards and payot (untrimmed side locks) for men.

      Showing the different types of people in the group. This shows the difference between people who just left the group and people who have been gone for a while. The two sets of people have modern and classic views.

    4. formerly ultra-Orthodox Jews, who mostly refer to themselves as “off the derech.” “Derech” means “path” in Hebrew, and “off the derech,” or O.T.D. for short, is how their ultra-Orthodox families and friends refer to them when they break away from these tight-knit, impermeable communities, as in:

      These are the people that decide to leave the community. They made the choice to leave the only faith they know. They are leaving the only community they know.

    1. whatever messages people with money want to push at us

      How does this play into equity? Does this provide an unfair advantage for certain groups? Should we be obligated to support or should this be an impetus for people to support underrepresented groups against those with hateful opinions?

    2. This means those using pseudonyms to protect their identities while posting about human rights violations in repressive regimes and are flagged by members of those regimes may face consequences for breaking the rule, while others go unnoticed.

      This is also an issue on YouTube, where many LGBTQ+ videos were flagged as inappropriate. Is this an industry-wide issue that will continue to hold, or are companies simply dismissive of these issues at hand?

    3. It’s a combination that leaves it without effective competition.

      Is this concerning? Does this effectively make it a pseudo-monopoly (I'm not an economist, so I can't say what is actually defined as such) or does it act as a company that simply outcompetes its competition?

    4. Rather, as this latest incident should remind us, we are Facebook’s product.

      Although this article is in the Opinions section, the article also does have a large journalistic aspect in reporting just how Facebook's ad system works. It's somewhat shorter than I expected, but makes its point quickly and recaps it right here.

    1. Out of curiosity, the other day I searched “cellphones” on Google.

      Similarly, this is under NYT's "Sunday Review," indicating that it's not a purely journalistic article and along with the first-person view, contains a very vivid opinion. That being said, the reader can choose to trust or not trust the author.

    2. But, really, how can you tell?

      This sentence is an exemplification of the writing style that caters to a general audience rather than a more niche audience. The author is talking to the public at large, not to other Silicon Valley people--it's a warning siren rather than simply just a critical response.

    3. Growth becomes the overriding motivation — something treasured for its own sake, not for anything it brings to the world.

      This article chooses to break up the text (although not in full) -- with quotes instead of photos. Rather, it relies on the flashing image at the top to carry the reader through.

    4. Silicon Valley Is Not Your Friend

      The sensory overload of the title and the drawing behind it is somewhat overwhelming but ultimately seems to serve a greater purpose of appealing to engrained perceptions of neon colors as alarming and flashing screens as worrisome and triggering.

  3. Sep 2018
    1. ed or perhaps reversed slightly in the 21st century, but scientists believe the ice is still catching up to the higher temperatures.

      Exaggerated/minimized claims

      Highlight where the author uses exaggerations/minimizations or seems to represent things in a proportional manner

    2. Exaggerated/minimized claims

      Does the author use exaggerations/minimizations or generally seems to represent situations and events in a proportional manner?

      Choices:

      <div>[ "1.17.01:Yes, there are a mix of exaggerations and minimizations", "1.17.02:Yes, there are exaggerations", "1.17.03:Yes, there are minimizations", "1.17.04:No, the text seems generally proportional (avoids exaggeration and minimization)" ]</div>

    3. Emotional valence

      Is the language extremely negative, extremely positive, or somewhere in the middle?

      Choices:

      <div>[ "1.16.01:Extremely negative", "1.16.02:Somewhat negative", "1.16.03:Neither negative nor positive", "1.16.04:Somewhat positive", "1.16.05:Extremely positive" ]</div>

    4. ckman, a lead researcher for Project Midas. “This is a big change. Maps

      Acknowledgement of uncertainty

      Highlight uncertainty example

    5. Acknowledgement of uncertainty

      Does the author acknowledge uncertainty, or the possibility things might be otherwise?

      Choices:

      <div>[ "1.15.01:Yes", "1.15.02:Sort of", "1.15.03:No" ]</div>

    6. Acknowledgement of uncertainty

      Does the author acknowledge uncertainty, or the possibility things might be otherwise?

      Choices:

      <div>[ "1.15.01:Yes", "1.15.02:Sort of", "1.15.03:No" ]</div>

    7. Confidence in claims made by sources

      To what extent does the author's confidence in claims made by sources seem justified?

      Choices:

      <div>[ "1.14.01:Completely justified", "1.14.02:Mostly justified", "1.14.03:Somewhat justified", "1.14.04:Slightly justified", "1.14.05:Not at all justified" ]</div>

    8. Other types of sources

      Are any experts, organizations, or studies separate from the central study quoted in the article?

      Choices:

      <div>[ "1.13.01:Yes", "1.13.02:No" ]</div>

    9. nk of floating ice that weighs more than a trillion metric tons broke away from the Antarctic Peninsula, producing one of the largest icebergs ever recorded and providing a glimpse o

      Expert sources

      Highlight expert source

    10. Types of sources

      Which of the following are cited?

      Choices:

      <div>[ "1.08.01:Experts", "1.08.02:Studies", "1.08.03:Organizations", "1.08.04:Other" ]</div>

    11. Types of sources

      Does the article cite sources?

      Choices:

      <div>[ "1.08a.01:Yes", "1.08a.02:No" ]</div>

    12. Single study?

      Is the article primarily about a single scientific study?

      Choices:

      <div>[ "1.07.01:Yes", "1.07.02:No" ]</div>

    13. An Iceberg the Size of Delaware Just Broke Away From Antarctica

      Clickbaitiness

      What clickbait techniques does this headline employ?

      Choices:

      <div>[ "1.05.01:Listicle (\"6 Tips on ...\")", "1.05.02:Cliffhanger to a story (\"You Won't Believe What Happens Next\")", "1.05.03:Provoking emotions, such as shock or surprise (\"...Shocking Result\", \"...Leave You in Tears\")", "1.05.04:Hidden secret or trick (\"Fitness Companies Hate Him...\", \"Experts are Dying to Know Their Secret\")", "1.05.05:Challenges to the ego (\"Only People with IQ Above 160 Can Solve This\")", "1.05.06:Defying convention (\"Think Orange Juice is Good for you? Think Again!\", \"Here are 5 Foods You Never Thought Would Kill You\")", "1.05.07:Inducing fear (\"Is Your Boyfriend Cheating on You?\")", "1.05.08:Other" ]</div>

    14. An Iceberg the Size of Delaware Just Broke Away From Antarctica

      Clickbaitiness

      Is the headline clickbaity?

      Choices:

      <div>[ "1.04.01:Very much clickbaity", "1.04.02:Somewhat clickbaity", "1.04.03:A little bit clickbaity", "1.04.04:Not at all clickbaity" ]</div>

    15. An Iceberg the Size of Delaware Just Broke Away From Antarctica

      Title Representativeness

      How is the title unrepresentative? (select all that apply)

      Choices:

      <div>[ "1.03.01:Title is on a different topic than the body", "1.03.02:Title emphasizes different information than the body", "1.03.03:Title carries little information about the body", "1.03.04:Title takes a different stance than the body", "1.03.05:Title overstates claims or conclusions in the body", "1.03.06:Title understates claims or conclusions in the body", "1.03.07:Other" ]</div>

    16. An Iceberg the Size of Delaware Just Broke Away From Antarctica

      Title Representativeness

      Does the title of the article accurately reflect the content of the article?

      Choices:

      <div>[ "1.02.01:Completely Unrepresentative", "1.02.02:Somewhat Unrepresentative", "1.02.03:Somewhat Representative", "1.02.04:Completely Representative" ]</div>

    17. Overall Credibility

      Rate your impression of the credibility of this article

      Choices:

      <div>[ "1.01.01:Very low credibility", "1.01.02:Somewhat low credibility", "1.01.03:Medium credibility", "1.01.04:Somewhat high credibility", "1.01.05:High credibility" ]</div>

    18. Overall Credibility

      Rate your impression of the credibility of this article

      Choices:

      <div>[ "1.01.01:Very low credibility", "1.01.02:Somewhat low credibility", "1.01.03:Medium credibility", "1.01.04:Somewhat high credibility", "1.01.05:High credibility" ]</div>

    1. and getting polio and having to wait in line at the bank to check your account balance.

      Subtle (and sarcastic) way of transitioning to his main point of his next paragraph

    2. We don’t deny that new technologies come with some perils.

      Argument 3: People wan't to go back to the past days, and that's why they don't want people playing video games too much (because they didn't exist to this popularity at that time)

    3. The risk here, of course, is that by treating the immoderate playing of video games as an addiction, we are pathologizing relatively normal behavior.

      Ethos: Making people who play video games a lot feel like they are not "regular" people.

    4. More damning

      Pathos: Anger

    5. A large-scale study of internet-based games

      Argument 2: Specific studies on this topic support his argument

    6. Let’s start with the neuroscientific analogy:

      Argument 1: "Video games are like drugs", He rebuts this by saying that they don't hit the same areas of the brain as drugs do.

    7. This is all terribly misguided. Playing video games is not addictive in any meaningful sense. It is normal behavior that, while perhaps in many cases a waste of time, is not damaging or disruptive of lives in the way drug or alcohol use can be.

      Thesis and clear side of the argument: "This is all terribly misguided"

    8. Evidence for addiction to video games is virtually nonexistent.

      Clincher

    9. American Journal of Psychiatry

      Logos

    10. By contrast, using a drug like methamphetamine can cause a level of dopamine release 10 times that or more.

      Logos

    11. Playing a video game or watching an amusing video on the internet causes roughly about as much dopamine to be released in your brain as eating a slice of pizza.

      Logos

    12. This is true but not illuminating.

      Recognition of opposition

    13. World Health Organization

      Logos

    14. the neuroscientist Andrew Doan

      Logos

    15. The American Psychiatric Association

      Logos

    16. It’s certainly common to hear parents complain that their children are “addicted” to video games. Some researchers even claim that these games are comparable to illegal drugs in terms of their influence on the brain — that they are “digital heroin”

      Statement of topic and issue

    17. the neuroscientist Peter C. Whybrow

      Logos

    18. Is video game addiction a real thing?

      Hook

    1. But a student who designs and sells greeting cards and mentions on her Facebook page that she is a softball player risks losing her athletic eligibility. That is shameful. Bylaw 12.5.1.3 has got to go.

      They need to fix this law, it is unfair and unjust.

    2. It means that the author’s book biography cannot state that he participates in a college-level sport. It means that, in publicizing the book to students or alumni, the college cannot mention that the author is a student athlete.

      Thats unfair to the student athlete.

    3. But N.C.A.A. bylaw 12.5.1.3, otherwise denoted as “Modeling and Other Nonathletically Related Promotional Activities,” specifies that, in promoting the book, no reference can be made to the individual’s “involvement in intercollegiate athletics.”

      The point before now makes sense.

    4. Our school is fortunate to have as a student a young man (whose name I can’t mention) who has published a book (whose title I can’t cite). The book has nothing whatsoever to do with athletics, but among his many activities at the college, he participates in an intercollegiate sport (which, of course, shall remain unspecified).

      How come yet came mention his name?

    5. let’s begin by reforming the association’s bylaw that prevents college athletes from promoting any personal creative endeavor if they even mention that they participate in a sport.

      Why haven't they done it yet?

    6. Its root cause is that universities with powerhouse sports teams like U.C.L.A., Ohio State and Texas receive nearly $20 million a year from brands like Adidas or Nike, while the athletes wearing the Adidas or Nike apparel are expected to compete purely for the love of the game.

      Why don't athletes get a athletes.

    7. It’s about the lengths to which the N.C.A.A. goes to control every dollar and branding opportunity associated with college athletics.

      Why is that?

    1. nt us to get back our desire for broad consensus and to reject strategies that seek to impose one group’s ideas over another’s. I want collaboration and strategic agreements on nationwide issues.

      inspiring people to think the same way he does

    2. I want to see a return to efficiency — and to sanity. I want our proud, pragmatic Catalan spirit back.

      end goal

    3. new elections for the Catalan Parliament.

      new politicians are needed

    4. the matter of independence has divided Catalans, distanced us from the European Union and frightened away banks and businesses. A resolution is necessary.

      why it is a problem

    5. independence movement in Catalonia is still acting irresponsibly by threatening a unilateral declaration of independence

      threatening pulling away all together

    6. federal financing system should function as an alliance between the Catalonia tax office and the federal tax administration.

      the governments should work together

    7. Second, the Catalan government should have exclusive jurisdiction over issues like language, education and culture. The Spanish state should guarantee that it will defend and encourage the use of all of Spain’s languages.

      Works kind of like the federal and state government: the Spanish state works on big picture and Catalan government takes care of "smaller" deals

    8. Catalonia is a nation that exists within Spain must be recognized

      Catalonia is a nation inside nation but decides its own sovereignty. The author believes that the constitution should recognize that.

    9. This new agreement, which should culminate in federal constitutional reform, must address several objectives.

      talking about a theoretical reform

    10. the support of a much broader majority

      the goal is to have the vast majority's wishes come true

    11. The Socialist Party of Catalonia, which I lead, has a plan to move forward. We refuse to choose between paralysis and secessionism. We do not want to see a minority — or even a slim majority — of Catalans impose their views on the rest of the population on this issue

      the author is biased to the socialist party of catalonia because they lead the movement

    12. the matter of independence has divided Catalans

      this issue is dividing Catalonia

    13. A minority cannot be allowed to impose its opinion upon the rest of Catalonia.

      not enough people voted on the issue for the vote to reflect the full opinion of Catalonia

    14. Some of it belongs to the pro-independence faction in Catalonia’s regional parliament, which chose to disregard the law and schedule an independence referendum for Oct. 1. But the central government in Madrid deserves much of the blame for the crisis, too. Incapable of negotiating with Catalans, it delegated the matter to the judicial branch, which issued an order forbidding the referendum, an order that ultimately led to the police’s use of excessive force against voters.

      At a standstill because neither party is doing the "right thing"

    15. The relationship between Catalonia and the rest of Spain has become a serious institutional crisis

      The main focus of the article

    16. it must be resolved as soon as possible

      call to action

  4. Aug 2018
    1. There are rumors of imminent layoffs, though, which grow louder during the scenes set in 2000, along with speculation that the entire plant might relocate to Mexico.

      Relevant to the time, but also relevant to the modern era as automation is increasing in most industries, threatening peoples livelihoods. There is also the threat of plants being moved over seas where labor costs are considerably cheaper.

    2. Everyone complains about the factory, but the work it has provided for generations of Reading residents shapes the rhyme and reason of their shared world.

      This reveals circumstances that are not present in the script because while the script includes characters who dislike their jobs and the factory, this reviewer suggests that the factory is somewhat beneficial to them and guides their lives and influences their perspectives.

    3. the first work from a major American playwright to summon, with empathy and without judgment, the nationwide anxiety that helped put Donald J. Trump in the White House.

      As the article states, Lynn Nottage's Sweat is set "on the eve and in the twilight of George W. Bush's presidency," however, due to the U.S.' current political state, the play becomes extremely anecdotal. That is the given circumstance, that the feelings portrayed by characters Sweat mirror the feelings of current day America. We see the lives of blue collared workers become jeopardized by corporations cutting costs and we see those workers use race as a scapegoat for their fears. As the article shows, and despite the play not being set during current day America, Sweat clearly portrays the "nationwide anxiety that helped put Donald J. Trump in the White House."

    4. I listened to a read through of the play, and started reading it. I have to agree that the characters drive the story. And in this paragraph it hints that the plot comes from the characters, not that the characters are under control of the plot. The characters make the plot, and the plot heavily reflects society. Nottage is seemingly excellent (again, I need to study the play in its entirety, but you don't have this much success without reason), she has built character that feel, that hurt, and that push for their wants. It allows the actor to push the boundaries of the other actors, and the characters to push the boundaries of the other characters. I am very excited to read and study the play in class.

    5. That Cynthia is black and Tracey and Jessie are white becomes an issue in a way it never was before. So does the presence of Stan’s helper, Oscar (Carlo Albán), whose family comes from Colombia.

      From what I remember, the script really ever states how the racial differences affects the outcome of the plot and story. There are no lines that talks about how Cynthia being black affects Tracey and Jessie other than when they bring up her getting promotion. But having that contrast does bring a new element to the stage when you see them fight. And like the reviewer says, it's done in a different way that I feel you wouldn't be able to notice unless you saw it in this performance

    6. As bars often are in old-fashioned and socially conscious dramas like “Sweat,” this one is a microcosm for a larger world. That includes not only Reading, Pa., the steel town where the play is set, but also a beleaguered part of the United States in which jobs are under siege and identity is fraying.

      This idea of having a bar that tells you about theirworld isn't written in the script but actually seeing that is something that the viewer had to have seen as they watched the characters and the circumstances that they had to face. The connection that the reviewer later makes with trump also comes from the circumstances of the performance and how it made her feel because it was written before that actually happened.

    7. The play is set both on the eve and in the twilight of George W. Bush’s presidency. It begins in 2008 — in scenes that switch between a parole officer’s interrogations of two young men recently released from prison — and flashes back to 2000, to follow the road to the crime for which they were incarcerated.

      The time period and political relevance are given circumstances in the play. The emotions surrounding this time period may be more sub-contextual given circumstances that we can read more into and research and that may not necessarily be discussed in-depth int he text.

    8. At the same time, all the characters in “Sweat” are given to elaborate passages of exposition, laying out the histories of their families, their employers, their city. Some of these, such as Tracey’s speech about the devaluing of manual labor, have a poignant lyricism.

      I believe it is essential to realize that when characters need to elaborate, they must talk about everything else such as the setting, past, and future of their environment. It is much more effective to argue based on credibility. Any of the characters who bring up discrimination of history, can have a more powerful effect.

    9. Hi Lynn, testing?

  5. Jun 2018
    1. good

      What is good though, isn't this just subjective?

    2. irected the student debt documentary “Ivory Tower.” “The entire model of American high

      asdfasdf

    1. Now gray-haired and at times sounding angrier in his speeches, Mr. Gore, in “Sequel,” takes on the air of a Shakespearean figure, a man long cast out of power by what he casually refers to as “the Supreme Court decision” (meaning Bush v. Gore) but still making the same arguments that have been hallmarks of his career.

      This would be something that I would quote portions of because the language is very descriptive and unique.

  6. May 2018
    1. “starting to split the net.”

      i dont understand, will this "splitting the net" still be under a specific internet provider ??

    2. AT&T, Charter, Comcast and Verizon

      basically these companies will be King/God companies because now they will make more money by practically controlling the internet allowing companies like amazon, apple, and Facebook to even be possible.

    3. the so-called gig economy, could similarly face higher costs to do their jobs from home.

      this could affect a lot of gig-workers like people who find jobs on craigslist and also many new apps that allow gig-workers to work such as delivery service apps like uber eats, door dash and the new ever so popular Postmates app. Not only will workers face problems but this will also be terrible for the companies themselves

    1. Podcast listening can be harder to crack. There are so many shows! How do you find the ones you’ll like? And once you’ve found a show, where do you start: with the most recent episode? At the beginning? Some specific gem of an episode buried deep in the back catalog?

      Perhaps start with making the RSS feeds easily discoverable?! I just spent 20 minutes doing some reasonably serious web gymnastics to extract the RSS feed for Caliphate (https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2018/podcasts/caliphate-isis-rukmini-callimachi.html) out of the iTunes feed using a JSON request tactic. Why can't the podcast's main page have or advertise the raw RSS feed?!

    1. CredCo Indicator:Inference - Convincing Evidence

      Question:How convincing do you find the evidence given for the primary claim?

      Answer:Moderately Convincing

    2. So researchers at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn., recently conducted an experiment on the cells of 72 healthy but sedentary men and women who were 30 or younger or older than 64. After baseline measures were established for their aerobic fitness, their blood-sugar levels and the gene activity and mitochondrial health in their muscle cells, the volunteers were randomly assigned to a particular exercise regimen.

      Question:What evidence is given for the primary claim? Select all that apply.

      Answer:An experimental study was conducted (natural experiments OK)

      Highlight:

      So researchers at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn., recently conducted an experiment on the cells of 72 healthy but sedentary men and women who were 30 or younger or older than 64. After baseline measures were established for their aerobic fitness, their blood-sugar levels and the gene activity and mitochondrial health in their muscle cells, the volunteers were randomly assigned to a particular exercise regimen.

    3. the subjects who did the interval workouts showed increases in the number and health of their mitochondria

      Question:What evidence is given for the primary claim? Select all that apply.

      Answer:Correlation

      Highlight:

      the subjects who did the interval workouts showed increases in the number and health of their mitochondria

    4. the subjects who did the interval workouts showed increases in the number and health of their mitochondria

      CredCo Indicator:Inference - Type of Claims

      Question:Is a general or singular causal claim made? Highlight the section(s) that supports your answer.

      Answer:General Causal Claim

      Highlight:

      the subjects who did the interval workouts showed increases in the number and health of their mitochondria

    5. CredCo Indicator:Tone - Exaggerated Claims

      Question:Does the author exaggerate any claims? If so, highlight the relevant section(s).

      Answer:No

    6. CredCo Indicator:Tone - Emotionally Charged

      Question:Does the article have an emotionally charged tone? (i.e, outrage, snark, celebration, horror, etc.). If so, highlight the relevant section(s).

      Answer:No

    7. CredCo Indicator:Logical Fallacies - Naturalistic

      Question:Does the author suggest that something is good because it is natural, or bad because it is not natural (the naturalistic fallacy)?

      Answer:No

    8. CredCo Indicator:Logical Fallacies - Appeal to Fear

      Question:Does the author exaggerate the dangers of a situation and use scare tactics to persuade (the appeal to fear fallacy)?

      Answer:No

    9. CredCo Indicator:Logical Fallacies - Slippery Slope

      Question:Does the author say that one small change will lead to a major change (use a slippery slope argument)? Highlight the relevant section(s).

      Answer:No

    10. CredCo Indicator:Logical Fallacies - False Dilemma

      Question:Does the author present a complicated choice as if it were binary (construct a false dilemma)? If so, highlight the relevant section(s).

      Answer:No

    11. CredCo Indicator:Logical Fallacies - Straw Man

      Question:Does the author present the counterargument as a weaker, more foolish version of the real counterargument (use a Straw Man Argument)? If so, highlight the relevant section(s).

      Answer:No

    12. Many of these affected genes, especially in the cells of the interval trainers, are believed to influence the ability of mitochondria to produce energy for muscle cells;

      CredCo Indicator:Confidence - Acknowledge Uncertainty

      Question:Do they acknowledge uncertainty or the possibility that things might be otherwise? If so, highlight the relevant section(s).

      Answer:Sort of

      Highlight:

      Many of these affected genes, especially in the cells of the interval trainers, are believed to influence the ability of mitochondria to produce energy for muscle cells;

    13. CredCo Indicator:Confidence - Extent Claims Justified

      Question:To what extent does their confidence in their claims seem justified?

      Answer:Mostly justified

    14. Question:Are any experts, organizations, or studies cited that are separate from the central study quoted in the article? If so, highlight relevant section(s).

      Answer:None

    15. So researchers at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn., recently conducted an experiment on the cells of 72 healthy but sedentary men and women who were 30 or younger or older than 64. After baseline measures were established for their aerobic fitness, their blood-sugar levels and the gene activity and mitochondrial health in their muscle cells, the volunteers were randomly assigned to a particular exercise regimen.

      CredCo Indicator:Citation of Studies

      Question:Highlight each scientific study cited:

      Answer:Scientific Study 1

      Highlight:

      So researchers at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn., recently conducted an experiment on the cells of 72 healthy but sedentary men and women who were 30 or younger or older than 64. After baseline measures were established for their aerobic fitness, their blood-sugar levels and the gene activity and mitochondrial health in their muscle cells, the volunteers were randomly assigned to a particular exercise regimen.

    16. Dr. Sreekumaran Nair, a professor of medicine and an endocrinologist at the Mayo Clinic and the study’s senior author.

      CredCo Indicator:Quotes from Outside Experts

      Question:Highlight each expert cited:

      Answer:Expert 1

      Highlight:

      Dr. Sreekumaran Nair, a professor of medicine and an endocrinologist at the Mayo Clinic and the study’s senior author.

    17. Question:Which of the following types of sources are cited in the article? Check all that apply. If Other, please highlight.

      Answer:Studies

    18. Question:Which of the following types of sources are cited in the article? Check all that apply. If Other, please highlight.

      Answer:Experts

    19. So researchers at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn., recently conducted an experiment on the cells of 72 healthy but sedentary men and women who were 30 or younger or older than 64. After baseline measures were established for their aerobic fitness, their blood-sugar levels and the gene activity and mitochondrial health in their muscle cells, the volunteers were randomly assigned to a particular exercise regimen.

      CredCo Indicator:Single Study Article

      Question:Is this article primarily about a single scientific study?

      Answer:Yes

      Highlight:

      So researchers at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn., recently conducted an experiment on the cells of 72 healthy but sedentary men and women who were 30 or younger or older than 64. After baseline measures were established for their aerobic fitness, their blood-sugar levels and the gene activity and mitochondrial health in their muscle cells, the volunteers were randomly assigned to a particular exercise regimen.

    20. The Best Exercise

      CredCo Indicator:Clickbait Title

      Question:What clickbait techniques does this headline employ (select all that apply)?

      Answer:Hidden secret or trick (“Fitness Companies Hate Him...”, “Experts are Dying to Know Their Secret”)

      Highlight:

      The Best Exercise

    21. CredCo Indicator:Clickbait Title

      Question:Is the headline clickbaity?

      Answer:A little bit clickbaity

    22. CredCo Indicator:Title Representativeness

      Question:Question: Does the title of the article accurately reflect the content of the article?

      Answer:Completely Representative

    23. Question:Rate your impression of the credibility of this article

      Answer:Medium credibility

    1. 30 times what the World Health Organization considers safe.

      other paper said 70 times

    1. Idaho, however, this year joined several other states that have declined to adopt new science standards that emphasize the role human activities play in climate change.

      this is fucked up.

  7. Apr 2018
    1. More than 10 percent of the world’s population is now obese
    2. 12.5 percent of children were obese
    3. “This study shows what we know: No country in the globe has reduced overweight or obesity levels. This is astounding given the huge health and economic costs linked with overweight and obesity.”
    4. “This study shows what we know: No country in the globe has reduced overweight or obesity levels. This is astounding given the huge health and economic costs linked with overweight and obesity.”
    5. The change in physical activity preceded the global increase in obesity,”
    6. poor diet
    7. “What people eat is the key factor in whether they become obese or not,”
    8. In China, for example, less than 1 percent of the population was obese in 1980
    9. “The future health and economic burden facing all these countries is immense,” Dr. Popkin said.
    10. disease burden caused by obesity is actually falling in some of the wealthiest nations
    11. “But we cannot have all people on drugs,” he said. “Ideally, we want to go to the root causes and address the problem of overeating.”
    12. “Most of the obese people are dying because of cardiovascular disease and diabetes,”
    13. disease burden caused by obesity is actually falling in some of the wealthiest nations

      I do not understand what the author is trying to inform us.

    14. Saudi Arabia, Algeria and Egypt.

      As a Middle Eastern, all Arabs are obese because our food is unhealthy and contains lots of oil.

    15. People eat what they can afford.”

      there are many people do not have enough money to afford what's healthy for them.

    16. “It is all very nice to talk about the need to eat less unhealthy foods and more healthy foods,”

    17. “What people eat is the key factor in whether they become obese or not,”

      Most people seem not to understand the type of foods to eat to avoid obesity.

    18. “We have more processed food, more energy-dense food, more intense marketing of food products, and these products are more available and more accessible

      Very true!!

    19. physical activity

    20. nutrition scientists
    21. “This study shows what we know: No country in the globe has reduced overweight or obesity levels. This is astounding given the huge health and economic costs linked with overweight and obesity.”

      It can be generalized that the rate of obesity among children is rising faster than adults in many countries.

    22. 12.5 percent of children were obese

      Wow this is too much!!

    1. “The more heavily you regulate something, the less of it you’re likely to get.”

      I know friends of mine are just not willing to pay for some services. They even use other methods to get around them. They might be cheap people but they always find a way to get it for it.

    2. which required internet service providers to offer equal access to all web content without charging consumers for higher-quality delivery or giving preferential treatment to certain websites.

      Its sorta like communism, making everyone a even playing field. Government is limiting and forcing companies to slow down their growth as well.

    3. Many consumer advocates have argued that if the rules get scrapped, broadband providers will begin selling the internet in bundles, not unlike how cable television is sold today.

      I see how cable is a dying breed as the new generations only use streaming applications for a cheap monthly bill. Allowing the big telecommunications companies to place a fee on these apps is something that people are going to be really unhappy due the unfairness of it.

    4. Want to access Facebook and Twitter? Under a bundling system, getting on those sites could require paying for a premium social media package.

      I believe that this will not play out well for them once people see that they have to pay to broadcast themselves Im sure the subscriptions will decline.

    5. E-commerce start-ups have feared they could end up on the losing end of paid prioritization, where their websites and services load slower than those run by internet behemoths.

      By repealing net neutrality, small-scale and independent creators are the ones who lose, when in fact they need the Internet the most to run their businesses, share and distribute their art, and connect with potential consumers. The small business is already a dying breed, one that has only continued to stay afloat because of the Internet; take away the low cost and convenience aspect of the Internet, and many independent artists will be left floundering.

    6. Another major concern is that consumers could suffer from pay-to-play deals. Without rules prohibiting paid prioritization, a fast lane could be occupied by big internet and media companies, as well as affluent households, while everyone else would be left on the slow lane.

      I remember being extremely angry the day these net neutrality laws were repealed and this is why. The Internet has long been one of the only level playing fields for everyone, regardless of age, social status, or location; changing this benefits only the wealthy, as most government measures seem to.

  8. Mar 2018
    1. Russia’s information war

      They figured out where the photos came from and who was behind the fake profiles. I think they should have investigated why Russia was trying to get this information in the first place.

    2. Brazilian Facebook user because Facebook blocks image searches of its profiles. The company declined to say whether it had searched internally and found the photos before Mr. Costacurta came forward.

      Brazil is the only place out of the whole world that they instantly thought of? Why is Brazil the only place that blocks Facebook searches of its profile? Why did the company decline before the man came forward?

    3. The Times tried to find their source using Google’s image search function, but nothing turned up.

      In Rheingold's reading it states that, "Credititals and highly regarded brands reduce the burden of investigating the credibility of information online, but do not remove it; hoaxes at such distinguished institutions as Harvard and the New York Times signal that although they have proven reliable, even the most well -credentialed sources are not 100 percent authoritative." The fact that The New York Times were about publish the photos this statement from Rheingold would have related to it. New York Times had to go back and make sure their sources and photos were credible.

    4. propagate

      I am not sure what the full meaning of this word is. Propagate means to spread or promote (idea, theory) widely.

    5. “We’re totally vulnerable,” he told G1. “You wonder how much security you have, right?”

      Vulnerable and unaware is what people of today are. This person obviously wasn't aware and needs to read Rheingold's tips.