58 Matching Annotations
  1. Jul 2021
    1. After your LiveScan has been cleared it could take up to thirty (30) business days for the licensing specialist to process your application and issue your card.

      [[EMT]]

  2. Jun 2021
    1. This allows the nasopharyngeal airway to be used in patients who have a reduced level of responsiveness but still have an intact gag reflex

      Which of the following is an advantage of using a nasopharyngeal airway (NPA)?

    2. This stage of development brings about several physiological and psychosocial changes, second only to those seen during infancy or adolescence

      What is the stage of development where there are several physiological and psychosocial changes, second only to infancy or adolescence?

    3. Self-worth.Though she has slowed down a bit, she is concerned with producing quality work that benefits herself and others

      Which of the following is a common psychosocial challenge of late adulthood?

    4. Interstitial (25 percent)—This water can be found between cells and blood vessels

      Water that is found in the space between cells and blood vessels is called:

    5. The atmosphere provides approxi-mately 21 percent oxygen. If a person does not have an illness or injury, that 21 percent is enough to support normal functioning

      A patient breathing in room air should be receiving __ percent oxygen.

    6. Energy for the cell is pro-duced largely by the mitochondria, the structures that are responsible for the conversion of glucose and other nutrients into energy in the form of adenosine triphosphate (ATP). ATP, essentially the cell’s internally created fuel, is responsible for powering all the other cellular functions

      Which of the following BEST defines adenosine triphosphate (ATP)?

    7. A terrorist incident, however, may involve two additional factors that all responders will have to take into account: delib-erate targeting of responders and crime scene considerations.

      Two elements that differentiate a hazardous materials incident from a terrorist incident ar

    8. automaticity (AW-to-muh-TISS-it-e)the ability of the heart to generate and conduct electrical impulses on its own.

      Which of the following terms describes the heart muscle's ability to generate its own electrical impulses?

    9. pancreasaglandlocatedbehindthestomachthatproducesinsulinandjuicesthatassist in digestion of food in the duodenum of the small intestine

      Which organ secretes insulin after a person eats a large meal?

    10. Pulsations for this artery can be felt in the crease between the abdomen and the groin.

      In which of the following locations is the femoral pulse palpated?

    11. distalsituated away from the point of origin.

      The wrist is __ to the elbow.

    12. pronelying horizontal, facedown, and flat.

      You respond to a large concert venue where a number of spectators are reported to be severely intoxicated. You are directed to an area where several patients appear to be unconscious, lying face down on the ground. The position of these patients is described as:

    13. Many states require EMTs and other health care professionals to report certain types of incidents. Many areas have hotlines for reporting crimes such as child, elder, or domestic abuse. This may be mandatory in your area

      Which of the following incidents is the EMT legally required to report to law enforcement?

    14. Patient information also may be shared with other health care professionals who will have a role in the patient’s care or in quality improvement. It is appropriate to turn over information about the patient to the nurse and physician at the receiving hospital. This is necessary for continuity in patient care.

      In which of the following situations is it legal to share information about treatment you provided to a patient?

    15. The answer is the Nader pin (named for Ralph Nader, the consumer advocate who lobbied for the device), a case-hardened pin in an auto-mobile door

      Which safety device prevents car doors from opening during a collision?

    16. IMS systems recognize that the manageable span of control is six people.

      Which of the following is a principle of effective Incident Command?

    17. Be prepared for the erratic maneuvers of other drivers. Some drivers panic when they hear a siren

      Inexperienced drivers tend to __ when they hear a siren approaching.

    18. Your limitations.What are your physical characteristics? Do you (or your partner) have any physical limitations that would make lifting difficult? Although it may not always be possible to arrange, EMTs of similar strength and height can lift and carry together more easily

      Which of the following statements is true regarding child abuse injuries of special needs patients? When lifting a patient, a basic principle is to:

    19. Brokenbonesarecommonandalltypesoffracturesarepossible.Manybatteredchildrenhavemultiplefractures,ofteninvariousstagesofhealing,orhavefracture-associatedcomplications.

      Which of the following statements is true regarding child abuse injuries of special needs patients?

    20. The irregularity is not a reason for concern in itself.

      You are assessing an 83-year-old female who is having hip pain. When you count her pulse you notice that the rate is irregularly irregular. What is your treatment for this patient?

    21. Trauma is the number one cause of death in infants and children

      Which of the following is the MOST common cause of death in children?

    22. assist the patient with his prescribed auto-injector or administer epinephrine from an auto-injector you carry on the ambulance (Scan 20-1). Record the administration of the epinephrine auto-injector. T

      You respond to the scene of a local campground. Your patient is a 15-year-old female patient who was stung in the arm by a bee. The patient is anxious and hyperventilating at 28 times a minute. The patient is alert and oriented to time, place, person, and event. Lung sounds are clear bilaterally. The left arm is swollen and the stinger is not present. Blood pressure is 118/72 and pulse is 110. The patient's mother states she is allergic to bee stings and has an epinephrine auto-injector. She called 911 because she was afraid the patient would stop breathing. Which of the following is the best treatment plan?

    23. Although you have heard much about critical decision making, perhaps the most critical decisions you will make for any trauma patient are determining (1) patient priority/severity, (2) whether to limit scene time or not, and (3) which hospital or transport method is best for your patient

      What trauma triage guidelines did the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) release in order to guide the most injured patients into trauma centers?

    24. Closed head injuries: concussion and contusion

      A young female was injured in an automobile wreck, striking her head on the windshield. She is unconscious and her breathing is irregular. She is bleeding from a scalp wound, but your assessment shows that her cranium is intact. Her vital signs are pulse 68, blood pressure 148/90, and her pupils are unequal. You should suspect a(n):

    25. Seal the open chest wound as quickly as possible. If need be, use your gloved hand. Do not delay sealing the wound to find an occlusive dressing

      You find a middle-aged male is sitting against a wall in obvious distress. The patient appears to be extremely short of breath and has an open wound to his chest that is making a sucking sound. You should first:

    26. The scenes of injuries due to electricity are often very hazardous. Assume that the source of electricity is still active unless a qualified person tells you that the power has been turned off. Do not attempt a rescue unless you have been trained to do this kind of rescue and have the necessary equipment and personnel

      When managing an electrical burn, the EMT should:

    27. Note that burns usually classified as moderate are considered critical in adults over fifty-five years of age.

      While assessing a 78-year-old male patient who escaped an apartment fire with partial thickness burns to both arms, the EMT must be aware of which of the following?

    28. Patients with kidney transplants spend the rest of their lives on a special class of drugs that prevent organ rejection by suppressing the body’s immune system. However, these same drugs that help protect the transplanted kidney also make these patients more suscep-tible to serious infections

      The medications that transplant patients need to take for the rest of their lives to prevent organ rejection also often lead to high susceptibility of:

    29. In addition, in most localities an EMT cannot legally restrain a behavioral emergency patient, move such a patient against his will, or force such a patient to accept emergency care—even at the family’s request. The restraint and forcible moving of patients is usually within the jurisdiction of law enforcement.

      You respond to the scene of a private residence for a patient who is a known insulin-dependant diabetic patient. The patient is combative and cursing as you approach. Should this patient be restrained?

    30. The inhaler is prescribed for patients with respiratory problems that cause bronchoconstriction (constriction, or blockage, of the bronchi that lead from the trachea to the lungs) or other types of lung obstructions. The inhalers contain a drug that dilates, or enlarges, the air passages, making breathing easier.

      Your patient is a 17-year-old with a history of asthma. She is complaining of pain in her lower abdomen. Assessment reveals that her breath sounds are clear and equal, she has a respiratory rate of 28 breaths per minute, a heart rate of 96 beats per minute, and a blood pressure of 112/74 mmHg. Which of the following is the MOST appropriate next step?

    31. Although there is no immunization against tuberculosis used in the United States, a tuberculin skin test (TST) can detect exposure

      The tuberculin skin test (TST), formerly known as the purified protein derivative (PPD) test, is used to:

    32. Protection against MERS and other respiratory infections in a patient-care setting includes frequent hand washing and the use of gloves, gowns, eye protection, and an N-95 respirator.

      What are the minimum Standard Precautions an EMT should take when transporting a patient infected with Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS)?

    33. Antitoxins and drugs, especially antibiotics such as penicillin, may cause severe reactions. Just as with foods, people who are allergic to one kind of antibi-otic can be allergic to related antibiotics. In the course of evaluating patients, you will hear many of them say they are allergic to penicillin or other antibiotics. Many of them are wrong because they confuse side effects, such as nausea or diarrhea, with an aller-gic reaction

      Your patient is a 7-year-old girl who was prescribed an antibiotic for an ear infection. After 4 days on the antibiotic, the patient is experiencing hives and itching on her face, throat, and neck. Which of the following should you do?

    34. Signs and symptoms in the “Allergic” column are more likely to be associated with allergic reactions that are not life threatening. Signs and symptoms in the “Anaphylactic” column are more likely to be associated with anaphylactic reactions that are life threatening

      You are called to a farmhouse on a sunny spring afternoon. Upon arrival, a frantic mother tells you that her 3-year-old daughter was playing in the yard, accidentally stepped on a hornets' nest, and was stung repeatedly. The patient is alert, screaming and crying, and can follow her mother's commands. Her arms and legs are swollen and show the marks of several stings. Her body is covered in hives. Her vital signs are blood pressure 90/40, pulse 110, respiratory rate 24, and oxygen saturation 99%. Her lung sounds are clear and equal bilaterally. Her mother states she put "nox-a-sting" on the bites but the bites only seemed to get worse. What condition is the patient suffering from?

    35. Strokeisatime-sensitivedisorder.Thatis,thelongeravesselisblocked,themoredam-agethatoccurs.Youshouldkeepthisinmindwhenthinkingaboutyouroveralltreatmentplan.Althoughtheremaybelifethreatsthatneedimmediateattention,commonlythemostimportanttreatmentprioritywillberapidtransporttoanappropriatedestination

      Your patient is a 59-year-old female with a sudden onset of slurred speech and weakness on her right side. Which of the following measures is appropriate?

    36. Every drug or medication is listed in a comprehensive government publication called the U.S. Pharmacopoeia (USP). Each drug is listed by its generic name (a general name that is not the brand name of any manufacturer). However, each drug actually has at least three names: the chemical name, the generic name, and one or more trade (brand) names given the drug by various manufacturers.

      What are the names given to each medication listed in the U.S. Pharmacopoeia?

    37. Some states allow EMTs to carry epinephrine auto-injectors on the ambulance to admin-ister with approval from medical direction. After you make sure that the liquid is clear (if you can see it), remove the cap and press the injector firmly against the patient’s thigh. (Injection on the outside of the thigh midway between the waist and knee is recommended.) Hold it there until the entire dose is injected. On reassessment 2 minutes after the epinephrine is adminis-tered, in addition to some relief of symptoms, expect the patient’s pulse to have increased.

      You are caring for a teenager who is having a severe allergic reaction. He has hives all over his stomach, is having respiratory distress, and is wheezing. After you administer oxygen, you get a set of vital signs. Medical direction has ordered you to assist with administration of his Epi-Pen®. You will monitor the success of your interventions during the:

    38. The oxygen saturation, or SpO2, is typically 96 to 100 percent in a normal healthy person. A value less than 96 percent may sound good, but that is not really the case. A reading of 91 to 95 percent indicates mild hypoxia, 86 to 90 percent indicates significant or moderate hypoxia, and 85 percent or less indicates severe hypoxia.

      An oxygen saturation of 97% is considered which of the following?

    39. Accept suggestions from others to improve your skills, communication, and patient outcome. Participation in this kind of mutual critique is part of the process known as quality improvement

      After delivering a patient to the emergency department, you discuss with hospital staff the details of your care and ask for suggestions to improve your care. This is an example of your role in which of the following?

    40. Just as important as your observations will be the actions you take to obtain needed assistance and prevent further injury. For example, if there were two patients at a collision, you would request that a second ambulance be dispatched to the scene—more if you dis-covered that there were additional passengers.

      Which of the following is true concerning scene size-up?

    41. The scene size-up begins even before the ambulance comes to a stop. Observe the scene while you approach and again before you exit the vehicle.

      At which of the following points should you begin your scene size-up?

    42. Alcohol or drug use.When people are under the influence of alcohol and other drugs, their behavior may be unpredictable. You also may be mistaken for the police because you drove up in a vehicle with lights and sirens

      You are dispatched to a local bar for the report of an unresponsive female patient found in the bathroom. As you approach the scene, you notice a large crowd outside the front door holding beer bottles. The group has pulled the patient outside. As you approach the scene, people from the group start yelling, "Do something! She's not breathing." What concerns you the most about this scene?

    43. Emergency Medical Responder (EMR) (previously called first responder).This level of training is designed for the person who is often first at the scene. Many police officers, firefighters, and industrial health personnel function in this capacity. The emphasis is on activating the EMS system and providing immediate care for life-threat-ening injuries, controlling the scene, and preparing for the arrival of the ambulance.

      What BEST describes the level of EMS training that emphasizes activation of the EMS system and provides immediate care for life-threatening problems?

    44. The higher oxygen levels that result from oxygen administration may, in rare cases, signal the COPD patient to reduce breathing or even to stop breathing (develop respiratory arrest).

      What is the relatively rare condition that can cause respiratory depression?

  3. May 2021
    1. by bringing economics and ecology together, we can help save the natural world at what may be the last minute – and in doing so, save ourselves.David Attenborough
      • [[biodiversity]] [[economics]]
    1. In EigenGame, each player maximising their utilities gives rise to update equations that are similar to update rules derived from Hebbian models of synaptic plasticity in the brain.
      • [[multi-agent]] [[learn]]
    1. Theprincipal componentsof data are the vectors that align with the directions of maximum variance.These have two main purposes: a) as interpretable features and b) for data compression.
      • [[meaning]] [[knowledge]]
      • inference constituted during [[multi-agent]] [[interaction]]
  4. Apr 2021
    1. approaches to understanding and action, and to challenge unquestioned patterns of response to the crises of the times. It helps clarify the conceptual challenge of interrelating and disparate, or even contradictory information, within our complex societies
      • [[knowledge]]
    1. associated with the early development of the international futures research movement

      [[knowledge]]

    1. tool for studies and research in all subjects of civil society activities, including Political Science, Law, International Studies, International Relations, Sociology, Demography and Peace Studies.

      [[knowledge]]

      • where to get?
    1. record and map the relationships between any strategies and solutions that humanity actually or potentially uses, in the hopes that a better overall understanding of which would greatly enhance our ability to formulate effective strategies to global problems.

      [[strategy]]

    1. interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.

      [[problem]]