398 Matching Annotations
  1. Last 7 days
    1. It's totally meta

      You can do what ya wanna.

      Hypothesis is a web-wide collaboration. If someone else wants to annotate this page, they can. There are pages dense with annotations.

    2. if he is using a pseudonym online?

      Dysklyver gets it right. Abd and Abd ul-Rahman Lomax are the names I mostly use. Dennis Lomax is still my legal name, I never bothered to change it.

    3. Abd would like everyone to know he is busy being awesome.

      Thanks for passing it on.

    4. how often someone has sued the WMF

      I've looked at a few. Mostly idiotic failures. but there was a German case where the plaintiff won.

    5. 10 cents per page, with a max of $3 per document. The first $15 per quarter is waived.

      Tarantino is actually useful. Yes, I'm aware of that action. The charges are outrageous, far beyond what is necessary for incremental expense for access. But give any agency a cash cow, then try to take it away and watch the fireworks.

    6. member of the community

      It might be difficult to find.

    7. Fail to claim a cause of action.

      Perhaps. I doubt it.

      But consider this. To be dismissed for failure to file a claim of action, the defendant will have to appear and file a Motion to Dismiss. How much will that cost them? I bet it would be more than $400! As well, I can amend my complaint in response to such a motion. By that time, it is likely that I'll have legal assistance, so this will not be entirely my own expertise, which exists but is limited.

    8. he failed to claim damages.

      $200,000.

    9. they have no money.

      They have been soliciting donations on the plea that they need to be able to defend lawsuits. So maybe. However, there are many more people being defamed. The goal here is not big bucks, but to stop defamation. I think expenses might be squeezed out of them, and maybe more, but this is going to be a decision to be made by more people than me.

    10. Maybe he can sue RationalWiki too. They'd be more likely to fold.

      Well, I have not set up the conditions. I'd need to issue a take-down demand. And the law is not entirely clear. But, yes, I could possibly put some pressure on them. I considered whether or not to include the RMF, but didn't. I wanted to keep this initial action very simple and clear, and the RMF itself has not libelled me. The WMF has.

    11. get them to reverse the policy of bans being non appealable.

      That's an element that might enter into negotiation, especially if other banned users decide to join the case, which is possible. (I'd have to think about it!) I agree with the principle, but there is a problem, the protection of complainants. It can be resolved, but the problem for the WMF is that they would have to actually devote staff time to it, which costs thej money.

      IOne of the insanities of my ban may be that it probably was not based on on-wiki activity, and so the ban not only did not protect the complainants, but made it more likely for me to amp up whatever I was doing. By banning, the WMF served the purposes of users who were, in fact, defaming many, for many years (and clearly violating the TOS). So . . . either really dumb, or there is a larger conspiracy than I thought.

    12. probably not anything much more specific than that

      Technically, it is not about the ban itself, but about the effect of announcing the ban, in a context where it is commonly assumed that one must have done something Very Bad to be so banned. So the absolute minimum of any settlement would be that the ban announcement would disappear, and the easiest way to do that would be to lift it. How to manage that and still protect the community from Abd With Fangs Dripping With Blood would be a matter for negotiation. Maybe they could ask me nicely, and then reban if I actually eat any babies or threaten to do so .Actually, I should probably not reveal what I would settle for. Bad Policy. But the point is to get them to ask that, or to make an offer. In a court, they are not God.

    13. Mr. Abd will probably publish all the relevant documents himself on ColdFusionCommunity.com, as he did with the Rossi vs. Darden case.

      Well, in that case, I was funded to use PACER to access the documents, and some of the most expensive (filings with many attachments) were obtained by someone else and shared. I believe I may be able to get documents free, as plaintiff, but I also think there are then restrictions on sharing them. I can obvious share my own filings. It's unclear to me.

    14. With Abd, you could inadvertently bankrupt yourself by downloading one of his filings

      Ah, Vigilant. When I was banned from Wikipediocracy without notice or, really, any explanation, it may have been related to him. This theme of everything Abd being a Time was common for him. In fact,, he has never seen a filing from me. They are edited carefully as polemic. It's entirely different from bar chatter and some kinds of blogging.

      In any case, there is a limit for the charge for a single document, 30 pages is the maximum billing. So the most expensive document is $3.00. But it can be complicated.

    15. Alas, it's a "Personal Injury - Assault, Libel, & Slander" suit against the WMF and "John Does 1-9," not a general-purpose attempt to get the WMF to cease all operations and give all that donor money back to the donors, or at least to someone who might do something socially beneficial with it.

      Sorry. Can't do everything. But we can dream.

    16. he might get that.

      Unless I drop dead, always a possibility at my age, I will, at least, get their attention. If they try to ignore this, it could get really expensive! No, they will respond. They might negotiate, they'd be nuts not to.

    17. If his goal is getting money or some result

      The goal was to show the WMF that ignoring a request from a banned user could be expensive, and to recover some compensation for damages from libel. The ban was create by defamation and was intended to be used for defamation, and it has been frequently so used..

    18. I dont know if he is hiring a lawyer

      No lawyer yet. But after I have served the WMF, I will run a GoFundMe and look for counsel. The filing was very simple, and I needed to get the thing going. Or I probably could have filed for free.

    19. wonder where he found the money for this though.

      In my desk drawer.

  2. Feb 2019
    1. Florida Dept of Fraud

      I'd noticed, but I'm suppressing response to Kevmolenr. his comments are dense with ignorance. It is possible that someone might get a prosecutor interested in the perjury issue, but I'd imagine it quite difficult, without a complainant (and who was harmed by the perjury? It's not obvious). To develop the evidence enough for a criminal trial would required more investment in investigation. Without the findings in the civil trial providing a basis, I'd imagine getting a prosecutor interested could be difficult, and who has the time? A phone call would not work.

    1. every person and organization and government he has ever dealt with

      Ampenergo, AFAIK, made money dealing with Rossi. On the other hand, maybe IH recovered it, or agreed with Ampenergo that, since the Settlement Agreement was a revision without Ampenergo's consent, it could be voided, but that it was not worth doing that unless value appeared. We never saw the original agreement with Ampenergo, nor the side-agreement between IH and Ampenergo. I think they were paid about $5 million by IH, and were in line to get more if IH had paid Rossi more.

    2. almost a year

      five years (2012-2017)

    3. It was most probably IH who accepted the settlement at the last second.

      People without knowledge toss around "probably: to mean :"I imagine." As I recall, Rossi had refused to settle the day before the trial was opening and Lukacs asked to speak with the Jones Day lead attorney. My opinion is that Lukacs

      1. Told Rossi that if there was no settlement, he could not only lose all the legal fees, and a judgment, but might also be convicted of perjury. "Yes, I know, Doctor Rossi, it is unfair, but this is life. Next time keep receipts!."
      2. Told IH that Rossi needed to have the IP back or he would go down fighting. So whereas holding on to the IP was a good general strategy by game theory (0,1% chance, say, of a trillion dollars, vs a few million, a good bet any day if you can afford to lose (and they could), they were going to have to put in a few million and five weeks of nuisance to insure it, and since they believed it was bogus . . . why not give it up? Lukacs was kind of an asshole, my opinion, but I think he did a spectacular piece of lawyering. He was hired last-minute, and had a reputation for negotiating settlements.
    4. you do not fool a man with a sharp mind like Focardi.

      This is speculation. Anyone can be fooled. People who were very sharp when younger can become quite dull with age. Or, more accurately, the sharpness can become unreliable.

    5. It was simply not a scalable solution.

      this is speculation. Much of the control was or could have been automated. With experience at operation, efficiency should improve. If the device actually required what I called "Rossi grease," someone else could have been trained to provide it, with Rossi available for consultation.

    6. the ones that have been able to achieve at least partial replications of his results.

      That is, within reason, nobody. Because someone finds XP from some nickel and Lithal is not a "partial replication of his results," it is only the weakest of general confirmation. Replication requires exact (or at least very substantial) identity of protocol.

    1. Told us the customers did not want it anymore

      Basically, he lies sixty ways till Sunday. He has learned that it doesn't matter if his lies are obvious, people want to believe so much that they will believe almost anything, and make up reasons for it if he does not supply them.

    2. Why did he fight so hard to regain full control of IP that does not work

      Because he could then pretend what he told to Lewan, that that is what he really wanted. He didn't really want the $89 million, that was peanuts compared to the Real Value of his Magnificence.

    3. why did IH want it in their countersuit

      They didn't.

    4. Unless you find a written agreement (required also by contract) signed by ALL parties

      This is correct and obvious from the agreement and amendments. Rossi argued estoppel, that IH had consented to proceeding differently, but was unable to find, as far as we know, evidence to that effect, only assumptions that Rossi made. I.e., if Penon, the "ERV" for the orignial Validation Test, measured power in Doral, he was therefore ERV for a Guaranteed Performance Test. If IH had agreed to that, it would have been extraordinarily dumb. It does not appear that they did. Rossi set up something that resembled a GPT, but without the critical agreements, and his behavior during the Doral operation would have demolished it as a GPT in any case. As one example, suppose he did install a heat exchanger, which would have been necessary from Day One. No heat exchanger was described in the system diagram provided by Penon. Monitoring equipment installed by IH, testimony showed, was removed by Rossi. Penon was only present on four occasions, and mostly depended on information fed to him by Rossi (just as the JMP "invoice requests" were based on information from Rossi, not measured independently as contemplated in the Terms Sheet. It goes on and on.

    5. regain complete ownership of the IP

      He did not want to be answerable to anyone else. He took the money from IH, but, as they point out in their Answer and Countercomplaint, either had no real technology, or had not disclosed it. Either way, deceptive or delusional.

    6. retained some rights to the IP

      Rossi never surrendered his "rights to the IP," but only granted IH a license for about half the planet and agreed to full disclosure.. There was no aspect to the agreement that required IH to keep the technology secret, they certainly could have shared it with partners. Rossi retained exclusive rights for half the planet, except as he agreed with others. IH was granted a "right of first refusal" in those other areas, but this would not prevent him from making arrangements with others, only from neglecting the rights of IH.

    7. the choices IH made

      to invest in other avenues of approach to LENR, and not to pursue Rossi technology.

    8. this fact

      not a fact

    9. Me be doubt.

      People get crazy about COP. If the device puts out heat, at least for a time, with no energy input, that would be infinite COP. It can be meaningless. For how long does it do this? Any system with feedback of power to provide whatever is needed to keep the system going will "self-sustain," which is infinite COP. Skepticism is appropriate because demonstrations of this are rare, but there is nothing terribly surprising. To get "infinite COP," insulate the reactor, and control cooling. If it is generating any power, pretty much, it could go "infinite" and still not be a practical device, for various reasons.

    10. IH was asking for Rossi's IP in their initial countersuit.

      The "initial countersuit.". There is a reference to the IP in paragraph 9 of the Counterclaim.

    11. Just to make sure we are on the same page

      This is correct. A lawyer pointed out that if there was a successful GPT, the $89 million would become a debt, but the license would not be cancelled if it were not paid. So the IP transfer occurred in 2013, and IH worked on attempting to make working devices until at least 2016, possibly beyond that. The Agreement did provide that Rossi would be their Chief Scientist, I think for a year. IH made the Lugano device, and Rossi was very proud of it. They made others, and tested them themselves. They seemed to work, then they accidentally mixed up an unfueled device with the lot, and it showed the same "XP". Oops! They called Rossi, and Rossi showed up, and together Darden and Rossi opened up the reactor. No fuel! This is in the Darden deposition. Rossi stormed out with "The Russians stole the fuel!" But it did not matter how the fuel disappeared (and this had been a deliberate dummy reactor, it appaers). What mattered was that the test method was defective. IH claimed that they never got confirmed XP.

      This is what some miss: if this technology worked, they would never have let it go just to avoid more legal expenses. They had secured a commitment for $200 million from Woodford if needed. They were prepared to pay. So ... why didn't they pay? It's obvious, actually.

      In mercato veritas, Rossi's favorite saying. Well, the market judged. The technology was worthless.

    1. The agreement for the testing (to be done within a certain time frame that was not observed) was for the 6 cylinder system not what was done in Fl.

      And that amendment (that's what it was) had actually failed. The 6 Cylinder unit thing was a formality that probably could have been considered irrelevant. The judge wanted to know more about it. She was incorrect, actually, but IH may not have been as clear as needed. The real issue was that the time had passed, and that the Doral test was not the GPT. No evidence appears that IH ever agreed that it was, and all that would have been necessary. If Rossi's technology was legitimate, he was incredibly sloppy. But I find no reason to believe it was legitimate, at all. He would have been a billionaire by now if it was. IH had the motivation and the access to funding, and was willing to give Rossi whatever. Up to a point!

    2. The $89 million would have been paid for a successful 1 year test

      The 1 year test did not happen timely. Rossi blamed IH, but IH showed that it was Rossi who rejected a local test, in North Carolina. arguing that a test in Florida with an "independent customer" would be much more convincing. , Further, the way the agreement was written, it doesn't matter whose fault it was (unless it could be shown that IH actively prevented it.) IH agreed with Rossi to allow a postponement to a future date, to be determined by written agreement of all the parties, but all amendments to the Agreement required the written agreement of all parties, and Ampenergo, a party, refused to sign. Rossi didn't mention that but I noticed it immediately from the copy he filed. I thought that this was his file copy, not the fully executed document. No, the amendment failed. So there was no possibility of an $89 million payment for a 1 year test unless IH voluntarily agreed to it. No evidence appeared that IH consented, they only consented to a sale of power.

    3. The contract said they paid $11.5M for a year-long demo of the devices, and that an agreed-to independent third party would evaluate them and say yay or nay. If Yay, then they would buy the IP for $89M. The party said Yay, and IH did not pay. Instead, they hired someone else a few months later to dispute the 3rd party report.

      False and misleading account, dense with error. Many other errors follow.

    1. This convincingly demonstrates

      More or less my conclusion as well. Woodford's representatives visited the Doral reactor and were apparently not impressed. They were investing in LENR, long-term, not Rossi. Rossi claims to have been convinced by this that he should not work with IH. He wants to be the center of the LENR universe..

    1. gist of the case must be presented during discovery

      That is not what he said and not what he meant. There is no requirement that "the gist of the case be presented during discovery." The gist of the case is presented in the Complaint and Answer (and Counter-Complaint). Discovery is a period when the parties may demand and receive information from other parties. We saw so much evidence in this period because of many Motions supported by exhibits, some of which were obtained during discovery. At least that's how I understand it.

    1. You are indeed wrong on this point

      An actual lawyer here.

    2. You're just trying to push me into a corner.

      I am abandoning commentary on kevmolenr, unless someone else comments with something interesting.

    3. Rossi scores 100%

      'Right. But something has changed. Rossi's insanity in suing Industrial Heat has provided a trove of evidence as to Rossi's actual behavior, often in his own words, in his emails, and his testimony under oath in depositions. There is the same as well from those who did business with him, and paid him many millions of dollars. All this was, before, secret. And now Sifferkoll is claiming that there is a campaign to discredit Rossi. I have seen no signs of a campaign. IH is silent on Rossi (Dewey Weaver is not IH). I am a blogger interested in reporting fact, and I also report analysis, recognizing the difference.

      (As I recall, Sifferkoll claimed before that I was paid by IH. I have not received a penny from anyone associated with IH, not so far, and I haven't asked for it.)

      If people want fact, it is available. There is also opinion from real people with their real names associated, who testified under oath. And there are torrents of opinion from others, some of which is knowledgeable, much of which is not. Welcome to the internet.

    1. offering one 20 kW unit that almost anyone might be able to put to work.

      It's a complicated issue. First of all, discussions should be conditional. It's all meaningless if he actually has no power to sell, except perhaps fraudulently, and the claim that this could not possibly be fraudulent misses some obvious possibilities. But if he actually has real reactors and if, for some reason, he cannot patent them or is otherwise worried about theft of the IP, multiplying up the number of customers would increase risk. Hence the strategy of, with limited production, making larger installations.

      But at this point it is vaporware. Rossi claimed to have 20 KW units ready for sale in 2011, and his "1 MW reactor" was simply a pile of them. He could have been selling small units from 2011 on, but did not. He could have been selling power from then on, unless he was lying, but did not, except for a fake sale to himself. IH did not prevent him from proceeding, they could not.

    2. Deals are being Negotiated as We Speak

      I have annotated this with hypothes.is.

    3. That, not a Rossi boondoggle, would have been an investment.

      There is a reason why the IH partners can move billions, and so many simply move warm air. Krivit stated the obvious, with lots of polemic and inference. They needed to know, and relying on Krivit would not have created any benefit. They knew that Rossi could be a fraud. But a fraud could also have something real and be, as has been pointed out, "paranoid" and perhaps "unethical." They needed to find out, and they said that if there was even 1% chance of the Rossi Effect being real, it would be worth the investment. In hindsight, they obviously concluded that there was not even that chance (or they would never have let go of the license.) People who invest in long shots know that a long shot not working out is not proof of a mistake. Could they have known in a better way? Perhaps, but what they did, they could afford, and, in fact, it worked for them, so calling it a mistake is essentially stupid. They invested $25 million, and as a result of that bold move, made with eyes wide open, knowing that it could easily and even probably fail, they raised $50 milllion from Woodford, and Woodford, by that time, knew that Rossi success had become very unlikely. So they amplified their $25 million for research into $50 million, and Woodford committed to up to a total of $200 million. So Rossi's claims that IH never intended to pay and couldn't pay if they needed to, were all blowing smoke. What actually happened, and this comes out, and one would think that Lewan would realized the implications, is that they then started investing the $50 million in genuine LENR research, funding Kim, Hagelstein, and others. Rossi saw this and called it "investing in his competitors," and it then becomes an excuse for not cooperating. But, in fact, the failure occurred before then, when IH could not make devices that worked, unless they used the Rossi defective thermal camera calorimetry. Rossi has lied again and again, and continued to lie, to Lewan. Lewan rubs his chin, "Well, maybe."

    4. , why were they asking for his IP in the civil case?

      They did not "ask for his IP in a civil case." This paragraph is dense with error. IH did not designate Penon as a "3rd party dude." Rossi wanted Penon to measure the heat, it was not the Guaranteed Performance Test, and it had no legal consequences, since the time for the GPT had lapsed and Ampenergo refused to allow an extension, and Rossi knew that, so he created a faux GPT, just like he created a faux customer. Since it was legally moot, they consented, they gave Rossi rope to hang himself with, one way of putting it. By that then end of that "test", Rossi had abandoned all cooperation and refused to allow IH to inspect their plant with their own engineer. Because the customer would not allow it. But he was actually the customer. This thing sucked sixty ways till Sunday, IH had effectively walked well before then. The idea that the sale of power would continue was a charade. Rossi had no intention of continuing a sale of power, and there never really was a purchase of power. Kevmolenr is making up Bad Things they did, cobbed together from Rossi's claims, apparently believing them.

      The only way to persist in this, as Kevmolenr is doing, is to lie or to willfully maintain ignorance of the actual evidence, Rossi's emails, his own arguments at trial, the depositions, etc.

    5. abandoned without trace

      Not just IP. Both plants and all models. So, supposedly, a 1 MW plant existed, if it ever existed. Ready to be installed. Ready for sale of heat. Instead, apparently dismantled for scrap. Does this make sense? If nothing else, all he had to do was find a real customer, instead of a fake one. He could have been selling power in Sweden any time, the Agreement did not prevent that. He had half the planet for a market. (There was a right of first refusal for IH, which Rossi then claimed allowed them to interfere, but that's a misrepresentation.)

      If he really had a product, he could have been making millions or more. The one plant was worth for sale of power at a reduced rate, maybe $300,000 per year, and cost $200,000 to build, he told IH. When the case settled in 2017, he then had it back, no need to make a new one, and with a working demo to be shown, easy to raise more money, and that was the argument he made to IH to induce them to agree to let him install the plant in Florida. I think that by that time, they were pretty burned out on Rossi, so . . . why not let him run that thing?

    6. ndeed. Rossi's genius, which seems completely to have bamboozled IHFB, is to turn "one specific potential error did not happen" into "my stuff works.

      THH goes on with what is obvious to those who have studied the case.

    1. using google

      Yeah, maybe they find the archive of Rossi v. Darden case documents. Planet Rossi was eager to provide those documents when they only showed Rossi's claims. But when IH answered and counterclaimed, and the evidence and depositions piled up, with Rossi admitting fraud, essentially, Planet Rossi stopped referring to the documents.

      IH shows no sign of being concerned about Rossi any more. Dewey Weaver works for IH, but is also independent, and has his own opinions.

    2. the fact

      Sifferkoll confuses a claim with a "fact." We have no evidence that Rossi has ever sold any power. He claimed it about JMP in Florida, but what actually existed was an agreement to pay for a megawatt at $1000 per day, promised by the fake customer Rossi created. The customer, represented by Rossi's attorney (President of Leonardo Corp.) agreed to measure the power and provide information to IH so IH could invoice them. In fact, IH did not trust what was going on and never issued an invoice. The power delivered was provided by Rossi, there was no independent measurement. Rossi was setting up a situation where he could lose $30,000 per month, but then, he believed, make it back in spades when the "test" was over, but iit was never presented as a test, but as a sale of power.

      So Rossi was willing to absorb $30,000 per month, a dead loss, to create an appearance so that he could collect $89 million.

    3. Deals are obviously being negotiated at this time.

      Rossi: "I am open to selling heat to qualified customers." Business: "Sure. You install the plant, covering all costs, including connecting the system to our heating system, and we will pay you 50% of the market price of gas saved. We will keep our gas-fired boiler as a backup. Rossi: "Fine, but 80%." Business: "Okay. We will need insurance to cover any accidents." Rossi: "I'll get back to you."

      See, "being negotiated." At this point, I would think there would be a standard contract worked out and customers would sign up or not. Rossi has not announced a standard contract. "Being negotiated" is vague, like most of his claims. He had claimed that he had sold the 1 MW reactor by the end of 2011, but obviously not. It was sold to IH in 2012, and actually delivered in 2013. Then he claimed that an independent customer was willing to buy power from that customer, and he claimed that this was actually happening. In fact, the "independent customer" was Rossi, all the way down. None of this is controversial any more.;

      Rossi Says has been shown to be utterly unreliable. If Sifferkoll believes otherwise, he is welcome to invest in Rossi. Anyone is. I simply suggest becoming familiar with the real evidence, as distinct from paranoid conspiracy theories and ad hominem arguments with no factual basis.

    4. He is at this point mainly looking for pilot customers

      As usual, Sifferkoll reports Rossi Says as fact.

    1. You were THERE. You had FAR more opportunity to catch this glaringly obvious issue than those of us commenting from outside.

      I think he is talking about the heat exchanger. No, I don't think Dewey ever visited Doral. We do not know when it became obvious to IH that the reactor, if generating a megawatt, would have killed everyone. I think they did do some IR surveillance in some way, but there were difficulties with presenting it. (That warehouse would have lit up like a football stadium if imaged with the kind of surveillance used to detect marijuana growers. And that is with or without a heat exchanger.) Rossi had claimed, in public that no heat exchanger was necessary, because the heat was being "used" in an endothermic reaction. Then he claimed that cooling was accomplished with some broken ceiling fans, or the back door, and he later claimed to Mats Lewan that a megawatt of power would not be a problem, because the solar irradiance on the area of the warehouse was more than a megawatt. Totally misleading, and Mats knows enough physics to see through it, but did not question it, because, I infer, Mats knows what happens to people who question the Gospel According to Rossi. They are excommunicated.

    2. it's time'to just directly call you a liar

      Except he is not lying, though Dewey does, ah, "interpret" the facts with a certain color. It's obvious what is factual and what is not. What is not factual is interpretation, and Dewey does have a right, as we all do,.to interpret. He's actually an expert on Rossi, compared to nearly everyone commenting. He actually met him and saw him in action. Because Rossi took an immediate dislike to Dewey, because he pulled out a heat-gun (optical pyrometer), Dewey did not directly witness much, but he knows much from his friends and fellow investors. These are people who put millions of dollars into Rossi technology, and to discount their opinions is to discard "in mercato veritas." They actually bought the product, and worked with it for years.

    3. He had no choice but to conjure up the imaginary, mystical, silent and all powerful heat exchanger.

      Dewey has inside information on IH, but this is his imagination about Rossi. The analysis of the heat exchanger, though, appears to be factual. Because this discussion, like most continuing Rossi discussions, is about whether or not Rossi has an actual technology, this bears on whether or not claims from Rossi can be trusted, and they quite obviously cannot. Most importantly, he has lied to his fans, that became totally clear. But the fans then claim he needed to, because blah, blah. There is real evidence in the case documents for Rossi v. Darden, found here

    4. I don't remember this coming up in the court documents.

      It appeared in a Rossi deposition, never having been seen or mentioned before. The second Smith report covered the impossibility of it, and he only covered part of the problem. A 1 MW heat exchanger will be very, very visible. It wasn't. Also, Rossi claimed that he had hired the "guys off a truck" to install the heat exchanger, and that he bought the materials at Home Depot and did not keep receipts. He would have been asked how he paid for them. He might have said "cash." Statements like that can be checked, and this was a large purchase of piping, it would not be common. I think Lukacs, who had to convince Rossi to let of his $89 million that he had bragged he had absolute proof for, told him, "I know it's not fair, Doctor Rossi, but I am afraid that, to a jury, it is going to look like you made up this story to avoid the heat problem. And for that, you could go to prison."

    5. obviously did not see blatant fraud or she would have reported it to authorities.

      The judge was not operating on that level, so it is not "obvious." I was reading every document filed, and looking up case law, etc. Kevmolenr is just pulling stuff out of a dark place.

      (This is wrong on so many levels. The judge would not be looking for "blatant fraud," and, in fact, blatant fraud was revealed in the case documents. That is, Rossi blatantly defrauded IH in his claims about the customer in Florida, there was abundant and essentially uncontradicted evidence on this, and he did the same about the "independent customer." HIs filings in the Complaint were deceptive. The judge appears to have recognized some of the problems, but decided to give Rossi a full opportunity to show the substance of his case, or else she would have thrown the whole thing out. (She speculated on certain things, and was incorrect about them, they were irrelevant.).

    6. because they will be monitoring the electrical load

      IH Fanboy does not realize how a Ponzi scheme can work. The schemer can be losing money on every transaction and still run away with huge gains. Rossi is offering to sell power below market price. Consider this possible con: he has propane or some other conventional energy source in the Secret /Container, that supplements the power consumption. So he loses money during operation, but not that much. He could keep it up for quite a time! He would then claim that he needs much more money to manufacture devices. He can use testimonials from real customers to solicit this? Is that independent evidence that the technology works? And remember, this guy is known to lie. Even if he tells a really believable story, there is a high probability that he's lying.

    7. Is that possible?

      Sure it is possible. Rossi had a 20 KW water heater, taking water up to boiling and maybe even boiling some. Such water would "steam," especially if the humidity were high. Remember that visible steam is below 100 C. Live steam is invisible. What Stokes saw was visible vapor, which cannot be above the boiling point.

    1. PROOF that there isn't enough evidence

      There is no such proof, not even evidence. That charges are not filed -- this is not something that IH would do, it would be up to the prosecutor for that jurisdiction -- does not show that a filing would fail, it does not even show that a prosecutor considered the issue.

      Kevmolenr is consistently ignoring the actual evidence, and imagining is evidence what is not, but only unwarranted and ignorant assumption.

    2. You obviously haven't been following what I have written

      Kevmolenr is simply searching for anything he can claim is wrong. Rothwell meant, "If this had gone to a jury, and if ..." The actual jury was dismissed because they settled. Instead of looking at the full context, the evidence presented, and the fact that Rossi had sued (not IH!) Kevmolenr is clearly arguing just for the sake of argument. He does not actually study the evidence, and consider what he would have decided if it were presented to him.

    3. then IH would never have settled

      Non sequitur.

    4. those folks were all feckless.

      Blame the victims, eh? IH invested $25 million of their own money in Rossi, and they found out what they needed to know -- that there was no reason to believe that Rossi technology was real, that all the appearances were probably fake. The Swedes, it is disappointing that they did not open up. We don't know why. Maybe it was the wine at Lugano.

    5. he holds LENR in a box

      That is an independent issue. Frauds can have something real, but will they deliver it? Will they keep agreements? And if they lie about customers and other issues, why would we imagine them to be truthful about actual performance? This is why before investing anything in Rossi technology, a sane investor will want to see independent ocnfirmation, truly independent. That Rossi says that a customer is paying for heat? That's what he claimed about the Doral plant!

      He is running the same con. What is remarkable is how many lap it up. Reading about con artists in The Confidence Game (Konnikova), it's normal, actually. People can be very, very reluctant to admit they were fooled. This is normal human psychology. Con artists become expert at manipulating it.

    6. he's a fraud

      He is a fraud.

    7. why did they try to squeeze his IP out of him, if it was so worthles

      This is someone who has accepted the Rossi story, hook, line, and sinker. Rossi had sold the IP to IH, all of it, including future developments. They had a complete right to use it, and a legal expectation that Rossi would honestly disclose it. So what is the "squeeze"? They had paid $10 million for the IP. The Planet Rossi story is that Rossi decided they were out to cheat him, so he did not disclose the Secret to them. If so, he was in violation of the Agreement, yet he went to court to enforce the Agreement, except that the Agreement that he tried to enforce was actually an amendment that was not accepted by Ampenergo.

      The argument is that if the IP was worthless, why didn't they accept Rossi's alleged offer to buy it back by returning their investment?

      1. It is not clear that Rossi ever made such an offer, or, if he did, that it would even come close to providing a return of the investment, most of which did not actually go to Rossi, it went to the R&D effort to confirm the technology. Over double what they gave to Rossi, I estimate. So they had invested in a technology that they could not use. They were aware -- and this is mentioned in the motions -- that Rossi might really have a working Secret and that he was simply withholding it. If real, the technology was worth a trillion dollars. Why should they surrender the license for a few million? However, I'm sure this is the argument Lukacs made to them, when they went out to confer. I speculate: "You say this is worthless. Okay, my client is willing to settle with a walkaway, you return the license and the IP, and no money changes hands." IH had to make a choice: spend another few million in legal expenses to keep the licence (there was absolutely no ground for cancelling the license, that was all more Rossi smokescreen). These are long-term, high-risk investors. What was the probability of Rossi Reality. In spite of the high return if it was real, the probability, they assessed, it is rather obvious, was too low. So they walked.

      In mercato veritas. The market looked, and rejected the technology, having been eager to make it work, hopeful that it would (which is something that Rossi emphasized, why were they so hopeful if it was all junk? -- because they were giving him the full benefit of the doubt, that's why, and we all know the appearances that were presented, the Swedish professors, etc.)

      At this point, with the evidence available in Rossi v. Darden, anyone who invests in Rossi expecting to be treated fairly deserves to lose their investment, for lack of due diligence.

    8. like squeezing blood from a turnip.

      Probably. He had real estate, in his wife's name, I think. I don't think he was judgment-proof.

    9. you need to stop

      Kevmolenr has no idea what Rothwell needs. That someone would have settled does not show they had no proof, and if they had no proof, then the same argument would have applied in the other direction. If Rossi had proof that he had satisfied the Agreement, as he claimed, vociferously, when he filed the suit, then why did he walk away from $89 million, which he could certainly have used for further R&D?

    1. The whole field of Biological Transmutations makes no sense considering what we know about nuclear physics.

      That is a myth, a holdover. Much more correct would be that no mechanism is known to explain biological transmutation, no theory has been confirmed. The question at this point is whether or not it actually occurs, and this work was inadequate to show that, or, if it was adequate, it was insufficiently reported. There is no consistent effect reported; in fact, it may be the opposite, with, then, an ad hoc hypothesis proposed to explain away the contradictions.

    2. there are many indications that it is happening

      Confirmation bias can be expected to create "many indications." That's how it works. Results are being, in this paper, as if the existence of an anomaly proves something. All that it proves is our ignorance, i.e., that our knowledge is incomplete, and, in particular, the ignorance may be of the actual cause of a result.

      But once we have a "general field" in mind, like "biological transmutation," then we will assert that as an "explanation," when it actually explains nothing, it merely gives a name to some abstract possibility.

      Simple cells with identical genetic coding can be expected to behave with high reliability, if conditions are identical.

      Biological transmutation has been reported with yeast. Yeast cells are relatively simple, and industry depends on the reliability of clean, uniform cultures. That is where I would hope that more sophisticated work would be done.

    3. ot sufficient to prove

      I'm not looking for "proof" but for direct evidence, and in particular, I was looking in this paper for evidence that possible artifacts were considered. I see no sign of that.

    4. Second, if that much mass is involved in nuclearreactions, a lot of energy should be generated, but we do not see it.

      There is no analysis of how much energy would be involved, and whether or not a low rate of transmutation would show the energy effects. "A lot of energy" is vague.

    5. these discrepancies that may indicatea reversible reaction.

      Obviously, the author prefers this explanation. Why? This is even more contradictory to basic nuclear physics than the biological transmutation idea, much more contradictory, since biological transmutation, per se, does not contradict basic nuclear physics, but a reversible transmutation has some severe thermodynamic problems.

    6. A second set of experiments has been performed with five samples of each

      Only summary data is provided, preventing any reasonable assessment of significance.

    7. two samples of each

      Performed with larger numbers of samples and reporting of the actual measured data, this could be interesting. But it wasn't, so it's not.

    8. it is interesting

      My proposal: it is only "interesting" because we don't normally look at trace element variations. With trace elements, stating percentages can be very misleading. This could be sampling variation. A trace element may not be evenly distributed throughout the experimental volume. To be useful, this experimentation would need to be far better designed.

    9. Oats seeds are difficult to germinate.

      Great reason not to work with them unless replicating prior work, and, if so, then it would be appropriate to exercise great care. "Difficult to germinate"? This is imprecise language, showing how ad hoc this all was.

    10. Thisindicates either that the precision of the analysis is not good enough and that there is no change in composition, or asKervran [1–6] pointed out, the reactions are reversible, and can change according to the growth conditions. Growth ofseeds is never identical between one experiment and another.

      In either case, we are seeing confirmation bias in action, with ad hoc theorization to explain away evidence that the results are artifact.

      What is the variation in seed growth, if conditions are carefully controlled? That's basic data, apparently not gathered.

    11. Variation of Be, Na, Mgand Pd

      Palladium. Really? We are not shown the actual data, this is a synthesized summary, and with very small, trace elements, a single piece of dust landing in a cell, or some small adsorption onto the glass, could cause results like this.

      To me, the palladium result is an indication that something other than transmutation is happening.

    12. in order to detect any isotopic anomaly.

      In shotgunning, we search for "anomalies," which are not defined in advance. Confirmation bias abounds in shotgunning. There is no description of the sampling procedure and exactly how the analysis was performed. This is a single experiment, with single measurements. There is no indication that the analysis was blinded to any degree.

    13. the second batch in heavy water barely germinated.

      Variation from light/heavy water or from the seeds and environmental conditions. No mention of environment, amount of light, no report of measures to ensure constant environment.

    14. an increase of silicon and a decrease of calcium and magnesium.

      No way is provided of assessing the significance of this result.

    15. Wheat seeds were grown in light water and heavy water.

      Waste of good heavy water. Later, if an effect is established, varying the isotopic concentration of water might be interesting.

    16. Beforeand after comparisons were done to check for variations.

      Data is not shown, and there is no analysis of "normal variation," i.e., between, say, flasks identically treated in all respects. Because this is shotgunning, there is no consistent effect being tested.

    17. If no transmutation occurs, then both volumes should have the same mineral composition

      Not necessarily. Suppose the nitric acid encourages a mineral to be absorbed into or absorbed onto the flask used. That process would take time. Or vice-versa, suppose it caused minerals from the flask to be dissolved. Operating in open air can allow contaminants from the air to enter the flask, including dust and other materials.

    18. If the variation in comparison to thenatural composition is large enough, then this measurement is valid with only one sample.

      Missing: assessment of sampling precision, because that is crucial, and any measurement can be incorrect for any of many reasons. Any measurement is "valid" if correctly reported, but reliance on "only one sample" is a classic error. Again, for an anecdotal report, fine. But we don't need more anecdotal reports.

    19. the need for a large number of samples.

      "it reduces . . ."

      It does not reduce the need for enough samples with controls to validate the measurement precision and accuracy.

    20. it reduces

      see next

    21. the large amount of experiments showing chemical and isotopicanomalies tend to demonstrate the validity of biological transmutations

      "Large amounts of experiments" showing some anomaly, vaguely defined, does not demonstrate validity, unless certain conditions are carefully imposed, most primarily defining the protocol and how the results are to be analyzed before the experiment, not after it. Exploratory work, what I call "shotgunning," is fine for discovering stuff to investigate more carefully, but is terrible for confirmation.

    22. the error bars are too large

      We are not actually shown error bars, and it is not clear that sufficient data was actually gathered to show them. Biberian is aware of how controversial this is, but does not address the more obvious possible artifacts and error sources.

    23. of all kinds

      Way too many to be useful. More is less. "Several experiments" would be too little to come up with results of significance. It's better than nothing, perhaps, but not if unwarranted conclusions are announced from them, as this paper does at the same time as it points out that it's not conclusive.

    24. without the need for test tubes

      this is an odd expression. There would still be, for quantitative analysis,, a need for standard sampling, and for the kinds of results shown by Biberian, this could be crucial. A "test tube" is effectively a small flask, and the experiments are done in small flasks, so what is he talking about?

    25. I then realized that if chemistry can cause nuclearreactions, then biology could certainly do the same.

      "could certainly do" is realistic as a possibility, not as any kind of certainty that biology can actually manage nuclear reactions. Given that we still do not know how metal hydrides can create transmutations, using words like "certainty" is misleading and likely to provoke severe skepticism..

  3. Nov 2018
    1. For the record, I believ they found a real effect, it just has nothing to do with nuclear reactions.

      Shanahan has formed a belief considering only the evidence that he thinks supports it, not all the evidence. Shanahan has been ineffective because he is attacking the work of experts in their fields of expertise, and he has not inspired experimental work to confirm his ideas. Some of his ideas have, in fact, been tested. Nice try, no cigar.

    2. you're not supposed to publish unless you're certain what you report is easily replicated by those 'skilled in the art', especially 'publication by the press'.

      Again, this is part of the standard pseudoskeptical cant about F&P. Original reports are commonly published. They held a press conference, but their paper had already been accepted. They did not, in fact, violate scientific traditions, though they certainly made mistakes. "Easy replication" is not a requirement for science. Some replication is very, very difficult, even impossible. People make up rules in order to attack others for violating the rules they invent.

    3. no one could reproduce it except by random chance.

      this contradicts his theory. His theory suggests that uncontrolled conditions in the material cause an unexpected heat artifact, what is generally accepted is that uncontrolled conditions in the material cause -- rarely! -- a heat anomaly. So Shanahan is not far from the LENR mainstream, in that respect. Except that his theory has, in fact, failed to match experimental results, and practically nobody is listening to him.

    4. F&P drew down the ire of the scientific world because they claimed to have found a way to "infinite energy",

      I don't recall them claiming that. But if they did, why would this arouse "ire." We don't sanely get angry if someone says something stupid, unless it actually threatens us in some way. The threat was? Then, once emotions are aroused, the mind will generate endless rationalizations for them.

    5. 100 labs worldwide did not find any evidence of inexplicable heat or reaction at the time would have been different.

      THH changed his approach later. This reveals, again, a lack of familiarity with the evidence. Half of the 2004 DoE panel concluded in 2004 that the evidence for anomalous heat was "conclusive." That conflicts radically with "did not find any evidence."

      The assumption that had there been any evidence, "reaction at the time" would have been different is obviously false. There was evidence and there was rejection of evidence, commonly without considering balance, and there were moving goalposts.

    6. why are the Low Energy NUCLEAR Reactions (re)searchers never trained NUCLEAR physicists?

      Classic ignorant pseudoskeptical comment, assuming something totally and obviously false, to troll the offensive. Off the top of my head, Miley, Takahashi, but there are many others. Further, the phenomenon discovered was seen in an electrochemical environment, hence it was found and early comfirmations (but not all) were by electrochemists.

  4. www.currentscience.ac.in www.currentscience.ac.in
    1. Is new physics involved

      My opinion is that new basic physics will not be necessary. Nothing that is actually well-known will be overturned. Rather, there was, in 1989, a general lack of imagination. It was not universal, many physicists realized that there might be unexplored possibilities. Most ideas fell away, because they did not match the experimental evidence. Some approaches remain on the table.

      What is most exciting, recently, is that a previously unrecognized phase of palladium deuteride was discovered and announced in 1993, by Fukai, in which there are "Super Abundant Vacancies" (SAV). Some think that this material could be the Nuclear Active Environment, accidentally formed on the surface of Fleischmann-Pons cathodes. If this is the NAE, it may be much easier than has been thought to create working material (because it is known how to reliably create the SAV phase, and it is apparently stable). I expect to see results from experimental work with this within a year or so.

    2. Dennis Lett

      Dennis Letts has been funded by Industrial Heat, and is working as a consultant with them. Cold fusion in general, my opinion, is funded well enough for progress to be made. This remains a very difficult field, but there are new understandings appearing that may accelerate progress. Confident predictions have been wrong many times, though. News and analysis regarding cold fusion, and collections of sources, may be found on coldfusioncommunity.net.

    3. Miles1998a

      Miles1998a (no space). The link is to a copy of the Britz collection, available privately, see coldfusioncommunity.net//Britz.

    4. the first work to fund would be more accurate measurement of the heat/helium ratio, perhaps following McKubre or Apicella et al.24

      I had been promoting confirmation of heat/helium as Plan B for the transformation of public opinion and especially scientific opinion, for some years before writing this reivew. As it happened, in late 2014, a working group founded by Robert Duncan at Texas Tech University was funded with a total of $12 million to do this work (and a little other work with "exploding wires" a technique for testing materials for possible LENR activity.) As this is written, that work is still in process.

      This is pure science,not pie-in-the-sky "free energy" research. Are anomalous heat and de njovo helium correlated? That's a basic question, answered by Miles and reported by many with, generally, fewer repetitions of experiments. So far, measurement with increased precision has narrowed the ratio, a strong sign of a real effect.

    5. Jone1995a

      Jone1995a (no space). The link is to a copy of the Britz collection, available privately, see coldfusioncommunity.net//Britz.

    6. half of that expected

      more like 60%. This assumes no major escape of helium and no major escape of radiation or major creation of other products. Low levels of radiation and other products are often reported, but not at levels approaching what is seen with helium.

    7. The other two involved the only Pd–Ce alloy cathode used.

      This is still unexplained. The finding has not been confirmed, nor disconfirmed.

    8. cite

      citing

    9. Shan2010

      Shan2010 (no space). The link is to a copy of the Britz collection, available privately, see coldfusioncommunity.net//Britz.

    10. Miles1998b

      Miles998b (no space). The link is to a copy of the Britz collection, available privately, see coldfusioncommunity.net//Britz.

    11. Jone1998

      Jone1998a (no space). The link is to a copy of the Britz collection, available privately, see coldfusioncommunity.net//Britz.

    12. http://en.wikiversity.org/wiki/Cold_fusion/Excess_heat_correlated_with_helium

      A Wikiversity bureaucrat, in 2017, decided to prohibit and remove all alleged "fringe science" content, radically departing from core Wikiversity traditions, and specifically went after some of the content I and many others had created.

      (Wikiversity had always required neutral content, and substantial effort had been put into insuring neutrality. This was actually a personal attack, because a great deal of fringe content was ignored. But once a bureaucrat, it's a lifetime appointment, usually. Local protests, from administrators, were ignored, and the administrators threatened with removal.

      However, this motivated establishing a dedicated wiki,l which creates many more possibilities with less hassle.

      I was able to rescue most or all of the deleted content, with the help of administrators and Wikiversity data dumps.

      The page cited here can be found on the CFC wiki. It is old, has not been maintained for some time. Most current activity is on the CFC blog,in an extensive hierarchy of pages, and it is planned to integrate this with the wiki.

    13. Some references not otherwise freely available are to papers, published in mainstream journals, in the ‘Britz collection’, a bibliography with reviews, at http://www.dieterbritz.dk/fusweb/papers.

      This was unclear. What was available at that time was the bibliography, and the actual collection was sometimes provided on DVD. The collection is now hosted on a googledrive. Request access with a comment on coldfusioncommunity.net/Britz. If you request the comment to be private, it will be read and possibly actioned, but then trashed. It will not be published unless you already have an approved comment (which makes publication automatic), You could instead request an email contact.

    1. If you are reading this on Googlegroups or you received this as an email, you are obviously registered as a member of this closed list. Please check this URL and report if it finds anything. Thanks.

      A demonstration of an annotation on a closed page. I entered this logged-in, of course! The URL was a Google search for the original Fukai paper from 1993.

  5. Oct 2018
    1. I am sure that IH is keeping at least some tabs on Rossi

      I wouldn't waste a dime on that. Well, maybe a dime.

      If Rossi ever does something truly worthy of attention, it will become well-known rapidly. IH may have a back door to rights, but don't tell anyone. :-)

    2. I will be checking to see what you and others have to say about the presentation.

      It's predictable from prior demonstrations. I'm not going to watch and will not be commenting on the demo, unless others not only comment, but point to something worth watching. In almost a decade, nothing has been worth watching. Rossi sometimes says things that people would do well to accept: in mercato veritas is one of them. But who is listening to the market? Instead, Rossifans listen to RossiSays, attempting to extract truth from a pile of bullshit. From history, they will continue this long after Rossi is gone, looking for the hidden secrets. This has been going on, in one form or other, for thousands of years.

    1. So Okham's Razor is an axiom of physics ??? or philosophy?

      Classic Lenr-Forum "debate." THH did not claim Occam's Razor as an axion to prove a point. This was discussion, and Occam's Razor is a heuristic, not a proof.

    2. the latter does not exist

      Actually, it is likely that LENR produces gammas, this is one of the two major branches of theory (i.e., nuclear emissions -- gammas -- or phonons, which is a very long shot, but maybe. However, the gammas produced are not hot enough to be readily detectred, and it appears that they are almost entirely absorbed in the materials and apparatus. Hence they show up as heat. "Gamma rays" and "X-rays" are the same objects, photons, but gammas are so-called when generated by nuclei, and X-rays when generated by electronic transitions. Jed would surely realize that there are an overwhelming number of "X-ray" reports from LENR.

    1. Krivits is still after the hot fusion industry:
    2. Not one of them would respond so dismissively.

      They aren't Alan Smith,.obviously. I saw that comment. We are getting a series of apparently incomprehensible communications about the Russ George work. It's not surprising, from his history.

    1. The Atkins company simply and silently deleted the false claims.

      The claims were not false. It's an issue of definitions. It's not clear that anyone was actually misled where it made a difference.

      So. The news here is that a company deleted an unimportant statement in a document, after Krivit complained about it. That's front page news? He must be desperate.

      If successful (as planned), ITER will generate considerable net power, even with Krivits overblown analysis.

      The purpose of ITER is not to generate electrical power, the system has too much overhead.

      It is to demonstrate and test power generation, and specifically thermal power.

      Accepting his figures, with 300 MW of input, the reactor will generate 536 MW of heat. That is not enough for commercial power generation, and nobody has claimed that it is. There is no "loss" of energy, however.

      Rather, there will still be heat. If the heat could be sold (sometimes it can), then the system might actually break even. For a net input of 86 MW, it would generate 322 "extra" MW of low-grade heat (great for heating applications). (This would be elevated temperature in a coolant, perhaps water, perhaps steam could be piped to customers.)

      The 50 MW -> 500 MW refers to the actual power input to the plasma, of course, which then releases ~500 MW of heat. I have not seen figures for other operating power, I think Krivit is using peak power instead of operating power. It will take considerable peak power to bring the superconducting magnets up to full field strength, but far less power to maintain them.

      True break-even is complicated. An overall analysis would need to be based on energy, not power. In analyzing JET, Krivit included in power consumption the very high power needed to maintain the magnetic field, using ordinary electromagets. Magnetic fields essentially store power, it is not actually "consumed," but ordinary electromagnets generate heat from the current flow, which then loses efficiency. Superconducting magnets were always planned to replace the ordinary magnets. They require cooling, but how much cooling depends on insulation and how much the reactor itself will heat them. Krivit is just looking for statements he can call wrong and deceptive. He's been doing this for years.

      ITER isn't planned to be a commercial reactor, it is an experiment, explicitly.

      Krivit makes his imagination into a story, an excuse to present his warped interpretations over and over. Nothing happened here, but Krivit, Krivit, Krivit.

    1. it is likely a dead end,

      Well, the probability rises. This is Occam's Razor. Better to back up and look again. The complexity is not a proof, just an "indicator," as said. Some of us desperately want explanations, it's a juvenile reaction (i.e., normal for children). A more successful approach continues to observe, and sometimes to test (i.e., the scientific method). With more data, the pattern recognition engine gets more powerful. Trying to rush the cerebral cortex because of an amygdala hijack weakens the former, which will create something to justify the basic fears and desires of the amygdala. Often it stokes them.

    2. (1) don't believe anything (positive or negative) too strongly while things remain unexplained.

      This is not an "indicator," it is advice, a general heuristic.

    3. wrong

      What is "wrong"? A direction is just a direction. The evolutionary cause for these phenomena is obvious. It is not the "wrong direction:" If I see something on the ground that looks like a quarter, am I "wrong" to reach down and check it if it turns out to not be a quarter? We follow the pattern recognition information, and more often than not, it leads us somewhere useful. But there are obvious pitfalls.

    4. apophenia and pareidolia!
    1. you have a tendency to suggest errors that a child might make, as if nobody but you understands the scientific method.

      People do make astonishingly obvious errors. Pointing them out is not a claim of being the only one who "understands." However, if nobody has pointed out the errors, he would be the "only one who pointed it out." But then Alan doesn't get to accuse him of hubris.

    2. As far as we know successful E-Cat replicators were unable to measure anything beyond background.

      "E-cat" replicators were not repllicating, because they had no clear protocol to replicate. What they found does not stand out clearly from possible artifact and file drawer effect. Not until they achieve clear reproducibility -- as shown by independent replication of their technique and results -- is this information particularly useful. Until a clear and consistent correlation can be found between measurables, all this joins the vast pile of circumstantial evidence, which is inadequate to create progress.

    1. that's where the focus should be

      Martin was correct about the effect that he discovered.

      If someone is making substantial gammas, unless they are quite low energy, it's not the FP Heat Effect. There are gammas everywhere, so the idea that they "shouldn't be there at ALL" is, at best, incautiously stated. There is an issue of level and other correlations and possible artifacts.

      If moderate levels of radiation are shown, the next question will be "so what?" We already know that nuclear reactions can happen in condensed matter.That some ignorant people don't know does not change the fact of what the literature amply shows. The heat/helium correlation, multiply confirmed, shows the reality of that effect. There is another effect, relationship unknown, that generates tritium, at low levels. Convenient to detect, as Jed wrote. X-rays (so-called, they could be gammas, there really is no difference except presumed origin) have also been widely reported under some conditions.

      Unless multiple effects can be correlated, or the process generating an effect can be narrowly characterized and reliably and reproducibly created, finding some gammas is not terribly interesting.

    2. until we can show it doesn't apply in condensed matter

      There is no rule, and Jed's speculation is just that, speculation. There is plenty of evidence that something different is happening in condensed matter, it's actually overwhelming, but the conversation became politically charged and confusing. Few bother to actually study the source papers, instead they prefer endless argument.

      The basic problem is that fusion, in the FP experiment, generates a lot of energy, and releasing that energy without creating charged particles above 10 keV (the "Hagelstein limit") is not easy to understand. I'd say nobody understand it yet. Storms' theory is preposterous. Takahashi TSC theory is not, but Takahashi also has no successful explanation for how the hot fused nucleus discharges the energy without creating charged particles. Even if 8Be manages to cool by a "BOLEP," burst of low-energy photons before it fissions, there would still be about 45 keV with each helium nucleus left. Too high, probably.

      The basic message to convey to physicists is that there are examples of LENR that are not explained by present theory, as far as anyone has been able to show.l Not that the "dogma" is wrong. After all, maybe it's not "fusion." Nobody has a problem with "fusion" with element zero (neutronium, or a neutron). It does not normally generate charged particles, but "activation gammas."

    3. agree, but "you can't prove a negative".

      It's easy to mess up the quotation formatting. Also easy to fix with a close-quote tag. That errors like this commonly persist shows that people don't go back and read their own writing.

    4. playing the role of

      of what?

    5. He assumes only eletrochemical recombination is allowed and that that is limited to 2%.

      This is quite misleading. I don't see the "2% figure." Staker reports this: "Fleischmann and Miles [44] showed recombination is either zero or too small to be a source of heat. There was visual monitoring of cell electrolyte level and exit gasses." It may be correct that Staker does not measure exit gasses. HIs schematic shows an open bubbler, not a measuring one. He explicitly relies on the conclusions of many electrochemists, including the source he references. Shanahan's oft-repeated theory, ATER (At the Electrode Recombination), is a real effect, but it does not occur at significant levels with the higher electrolysis currents involved. Researchers do not reinvent the wheel, necessarily, proving again and again what is already well-known. Fleischmann's response to Morrison's claim of recombination in Physics Letters A (1994). (from the lenr-canr copy, which I have not checked against the as-published paper)

    6. This paper is a good example of how not to convince a skeptic. Science by assertion and assumption rarely does

      Because Staker is using a similar design, he may reasonably assume that conditions are similar. Were his results extraordinary, it could be in order to review every detail, but they were rather ordinary excess heat measurements, and excess heat is properly considered as an established fact, by the preponderance of the evidence. Shanahan continuing to sputter for years does not shift this.

      Shanahan has never engaged in a thorough and open discussion of his ideas, he bails when the going gets tough. The paper was not written to convince skeptics, and is not published to convince skeptics. Shanahan completely misses the point of the Staker paper, because to him it is all irrelevant, since Shanahan Is Right and everyone else is Wrong.

      He is practicing science by assertion, what evidence does he cite? Does he point to a thorough discussion of the issue? No. If there is to be such, he is not about to create it, though he certainly could. One of the items on my agenda is to create such a thorough discussion, because Morrison also came up with this idea. I am working on that old debate on coldfusioncommunity.net, and participation is invited. Shanahan would be especially welcome. He has never accepted such invitations, but hope springs eternal.

    7. I didn't go back and check if he used gamma or '1-gamma' in their equation.

      100%, not 0. Gamma is the Faraday efficiency, how much of the charge transferred (current) is converted to the reaction product (i.e., the gasses). Recombination within the cell will reduce the efficiency, generating heat. If the assumption is made that the gases are released,but, in fact, they recombine within the cell, then there will be a source of heat in the cell. They generally assume 100% efficiency. The efficiency has been measured and it was only low when the current was very low, conditions then allowing substantial contact with the dissolved or circulating gasses and the electrodes such that recombination occurs. This is irrelevant with closed cells, where the gasses are recombined within the cell (so there is no allowance for energy escaping through the gases). Were recombination the source of "excess heat," as was claimed, and Shanahan repeats those claims, the excess heat would disappear when cells were closed. In open cells, substantial excess heat would appear with hydrogen as well as deuterium. These effects do not appear at levels adequate to explain anomalous heat. Not even close.

    1. This paper is a good example of how not to convince a skeptic.

      The paper was not designed or delivered to "convince a skeptic." The impact of the paper has mostly to do with his exploration of SAV theory, see my coverage of that paper and SAV and subpages. Shanahan tells the same story over and over. ATER was covered by Fleischmann and others many times. It happens. At a low rate, and mostly at currents well below those used in these experiments.

    2. the technology

      What technology? We are declaring that a "lab rat" is needed, a clear, reproducible experiment, that is actually confirmed and that works with substantial heat (I forget what figure McKubre has used. Maybe 10 watts). We don't have a "LENR technology." We have a pile of experimental results that collectively show that there is an "anomalous heat effect" and that it is nuclear in origin, as a matter of the preponderance of evidence. And we have many who announce this or that overblown claim, and there are some known frauds, and then lots of people with meaningless opinions.

    3. They start off dreaming of the benefits cold fusion or LENR could bring

      This is not how McKubre started, so this is not "Director"'s experience. It's his shallow, knee-jerk, ignorant judgment. McKubre is not involved in any effort to maintain secrecy, but, given the work he did, and does, he is privy to secrets, which he keeps, as do I when that happens. (Nobody in the field is seeing "extremely positive results." Not that I know of, and I strongly suspect that's true for McKubre as well.) If you are, yourself, interested in "changing our civilization," start by cleaning up how you think. That could make a huge difference.

    4. by assertion and assumption rarely does

      Shanahan repeats his ideas without looking at the real evidence, and as usual, there are no specific references. Yes, electrochemists commonly assume no ATER, because they are experts and ATER impacts Faraday efficiency, and they know the conditions under which it is signifcant and the conditions under which it is not. Readiing the old papers, Fleischmann was addressing this criticism as far back as 1990 or so. I'll be documenting that.

    1. one of his early cells did explode

      Actually, it was not clearly an explosion. It melted down and part of the palladium was vaporized, according to the report. It was not reported at the time, and materials were not kept. The biggest danger in current LENR work is exposure to nanoparticle metals.

    1. If we refuse to acknowledge the possibility that existing scientific institutions are not working as well as they might, we do something to reinforce it.

      I agree completely, and underscore "not working as well as they might." Reputation is important in science, but there are no formal structures to correct information cascade errors, and this is not just in science, it's all through how society functions and fails to function as well as possible. There is a place for what might be called "social engineers," building on the sociology of science.

      Meanwhile, this piece and your name have been used to promote another apparent exaggerated promotion, Deneum.

      That photo was certainly impressive. What happened to that reactor assembly? There were two, actually, both installed in Rossi's warehouse in Doral, Florida, the older one as a backup for the newer. When Rossi v. Darden settled, Rossi got them back, and dismantled them "for research." Meanwhile, there were allegedly customers waiting for these reactors, it's been claimed. Rossi moved on to a totally new design, demonstrated it last year with a demonstration that actually showed almost nothing, and he still has many fans. That photo looks very, very impressive, and that's what it was designed for. It is quite apparent that it didn't work as claimed. Not even close. Deneum and Synthestech, another Russian company, still use Rossi as promotion, now raising money through Etherium "tokens," which can attract millions of dollars from naive investors.

      The "impossible" argument actually helps the scammers.

    2. ‘We’ve had some success, and we’re expanding our work… and believe that we may be, at last, on the verge of a new paradigm shift.’

      At this point, many assumed he was talking about Rossi. No, by that time he knew something was very, very off about Rossi's claims, IH had raised another $50 million, and it was not going into Rossi technology, and, in fact, this angered Rossi.

    3. Darden’s attitude displays the cautious open-mindedness that has been lacking in reactions to the field for most of its history

      Yes. I do think Darden was a bit incautious in some of his comments about Rossi, or taken to be about Rossi. Nevertheless, because of what his company did in court, no investor in Rossi in the future can claim that they could not have known he was deceptive.

    4. If Rossi and Godes et al are actually on to something, then the field is going to be mainstream soon anyway.

      Rossi may continue his deception/insanity until he dies. Godes (Brillouin) has shown no signs of being near a major breakthrough (but that's a real company with serious investment). the Japanese may be getting a little closer, but nothing that would lead, as yet, to mainstream recognition, as far as I can see. A scientific breakthough -- without any immediate commercial implications -- could happen at any time, there is research under way, and well funded.

    5. an X Prize-like reward for the first reliable replication of the Fleischmann and Pons results

      Key word: reliable. First of all, the FP approach is possibly inherently unreliable, extremely difficult to control, and "results" is not well defined. Some of their results were errors. But beyond that, it might take a billion dollars to accomplish this goal. That kind of money is not yet available. (Industrial Heat, as supported by Woodford, was prepared to put in over $200 million.) What is needed is basic research, and an X-Prize won't encourage that.

    6. there is very little cost to a false positive – to investing some time and money in an avenue that in the end turns out to go nowhere. But there may be a huge cost to a false negative.

      Dr. Price has said that twice now, but what is the huge cost? I call it the "lost opportunity cost." Assign a probability to the possibility of major commercial application of LENR. I put this above 50%, given enough time. (If someone wants to assess this, it will take some study!). So, then, the technology could be worth a trillion dollars per year as a rough idea. So delay in completing the research is costing a trillion dollars per year of delay. By the way, conclusively showing that the evidence for LENR is artifact, error, a mistake, would also be valuable. That never happened. The early "negative replications" were mostly wrong-headed. For example, they were looking for neutrons. No neutrons, no fusion, right? So ... suppose there is no fusion. So what? If there is heat, what is it coming from? (But, in fact, the evidence is overwhelming that nuclear reactions are happening, under some conditions, in unexpected places.)

    7. A couple of engineers thought that they had found a way 25 years ago

      They were not engineers. They apparently did figure out a way to get at least statistical reliability, but then most of that work was never published, and the history of cold fusion is full of insanities like that. There is experimental work of high interest that has never been confirmed. And then there are supposed confirmations that were extremely weak. There are supposed "Rossi replicators" out there, working on hints, and then the file drawer effect is in full operation. Nobody has actually confirmed major claims like that. I've been quite excited by certain work, such as, at first, Parkhomov. But then I looked closely at the data. The claim fell apart when examined closely. But who does that? Very few.

    8. a huge cost to a false negative

      What is called "cold fusion" is real, though we do not yet know what is happening, beyond a general most-likely conclusion that deuterium is being converted to helium, process unknown, but with the energy release as required by the laws of thermodynamics from such conversion. That does not translate to reality for any particular claimant to commercial success. In fact, the problem is so difficult that knowing the possibility of a nuclear reactor utilizing these effects adds almost nothing to a claim, all claims in this area are suspect and sensibly require "extraordinary evidence."

    9. there is very little cost to a false positive

      Well, some research funding might be wasted, so the possible cost is limited to that, plus maybe some reputation damage.

    10. To anyone willing to listen, the community will say that they have amassed a great deal of evidence of excess heat, not explicable in chemical terms, and of various markers of nuclear processes

      Yes. In the 2004 DoE review, with an 18-member panel of experts on supposedly related fields (cold fusion, is this chemistry or physics?), half agreed that the evidence for anomalous heat was "conclusive." That was, however, after far too brief a review. The reality of the field is complex, and I don't see that people understand it from reading a few papers. It takes a lot more, generally.

    11. Outsiders might be surprised to learn how well-populated the trap actually is, in the case of cold fusion and LENR. The field never entirely went away, nor vanished from the laboratories of respected institutions.

      I continue to be amazed by the quality of some of the research, and of some of the researchers, experienced and accomplished academics. There is also junk and even some junk from previously accomplished scientists who somehow lost it.It's all out there. And this is, quite simply, a social phenomenon. Simon's Undead Science points out that some of the condensed matter nuclear science research community's responses to rejection were themselves pathological.

    12. It is sad that such people say that science should be driven by data and results, but at the same time refuse to look at the actual results.

      "It" is sad. What is sad? People decide what to spend time on, it has always been this way. However, what is offensive -- not merely sad -- is when strong conclusions are drawn about others without examining evidence.

      When this was written, there was not much public evidence about the Rossi claims, beyond what Rossi had himself had said, and what existed was flawed. Examples abound. There were many red flags, though.

    13. there is truth in the principle popularised by Carl Sagan, that extraordinary claims require extraordinary evidence.

      Yes, indeed. However, it is also abused.

    14. they might like to recall the case of the great nuclear physicist Lord Rutherford

      The argument, "such and such a famous scientist was wrong," is generally unconvincing to pseudoskeptics. Another example is Semmelweiss, who observed clear evidence, before Pasteur, that epidemics of peurpural fever, fatal for thousands of women, was attending physicians who autopsied cadavers and then examined the women. He was right, we now know, but he also was demented, which contributed to poor communication.

    15.  ‘If there is something scientists fear, it is to become like pariahs’

      I.e., scientists are people. They do not fear that qua scientists, but simply as social animals. There is a real cost to becoming involved in LENR. It's not a joke. Yet there are people who have succeeded, who have made a career of it. And there are others who have made money, cheating investors. It's all happened.

    16. LENR is highly unlikely, we cannot say that it is impossible. We know that the energy is in there, after all.

      "Rossi is not cold fusion" was a quick, easy argument. Rossi actually did not generally claim cold fusion. Does it matter? What, after all, is cold fusion. Even to say that some thing is "unlikely," we need to know what the thing is. This is the real objection: If nuclear reactions at low temperature were possible (fusion or something else), surely we would have seen them! That argument does have legs, but nobody was looking for such reactions, until Pons and Fleischmann reported their results. And then hundreds of scientists around the world started looking. And many possible effects where found, so, then, there is the "file drawer effect." That's a real problem with research that is difficult to replicate. To really understand the situation takes more than thinking about possibilities. I have now at least scanned thousands of papers, and I'm beginning to get some serious understanding. It is very obvious why cold fusion jwas rejected, it was partly social pathology, but partly real experimental difficulties. And the real reasons can easily sound like excuses. And people judge based on irrelevancies. Scientists, last I looked, are people.

    17. this would make a nonsense of the fuss over the failure to reproduce Fleischmann and Pons’ findings.

      This was actually well-known at the time. Much of the alleged history of cold fusion never actually happened. But who studies this? Well, some sociologists of science do. I'm collecting documents so that research is made easier.

    18. any satisfactory justification for ignoring recent work on LENR.

      Huw, this is nonsense. I don't need a justification to ignore something, because thinks do not come obligations attached. The basic justification would be "I don't know anyone who is telling me cold fusion is real, so I have no reason to investigate it. I see randome unknown individuals on the internet promoting it, it seems, but it's not in Nature and I pay Nature to let me know what to pay attention to. (That's actually been written to me. And the fellow,a PhD physicist, is certainly justified to rely on a publisher like that. Doesn't mean it's "right." Pseudoskeptics, however, often mistake a heuristic, a device for allocating time and effort, for a proof of something.

    19. My task will be easier if you are still suffering from the symptoms.

      Yes, if the person is willing to listen and consider. Much of what I'd say about this is really obvious, if one knows the history and the actual experimental claims (I mean the data, not the interpretation. The interpretation of so-called "cold fusion" experimental results has often been premature at best, and just plain wrong on occasion. Science begins with the observation of what actually happens, and reality doesn't come with name tags attached.

    20. Ever since 1989, in fact, the whole subject has been largely off-limits in mainstream scientific circles.

      In some, for sure. But not in all. Further, the likes of Lundin and Lidgran are generally naive about LENR and what has been claimed, and also about the realities of claimants like Rossi. There is nothing new about Rossi's claims except the scale and the showmanship, and there are now even better shows being put on. The real research is also going on, with little general notice. The real research is difficult. with many possible pitfalls. But it is being done, and some are doing it well. Others, not so well. Cold fusion at this point does not need theoreticians to propose Yet Another Theory, the common wisdom in the field is that it needs a "lab rat." Nobody has yet succeeded in designing and testing one that produces reliable results. Scientific knowledge can exist without reliability of an effect, through correlation, and there are correlations that have been found and confirmed widely, but these are not enough to break through the "rejection cascade," not yet. The knowledge is, however, becoming established. So it is likely a matter of time.

    21. the Fleischmann and Pons experiment ‘was eventually debunked and since then the term cold fusion has become almost synonymous with scientific chicanery’

      That report is common. The report of radiation was debunked, it was artifact. Later work showed radiation, but at very low levels. However, the basic finding, anomalous heat, was never "debunked," and there are no plausible allegations of fraud from them, but that idea became widespread anyway. And how an information cascade like that operates is indeed of high interest. How does a "scientific consensus" arise when there is no scientific process behind it?

      Rather easily, apparently. I don't know how often it happens, but what is called "scientific" often is not. See Consensus is what we say it is

    22. That would be huge news.

      It would be. Yes, there were two nominally 1 MW reactor sets in Florida. However, Mats Lewan, who has been cited here, allows Rossi to gloss over the elephant in that living room. If those reactors had been producing a MW, where did the heat go? There was expert testimony in Rossi v. Darden, that without a heat exchanger, the heat would have been fatal in that warehouse. (Rossi's expert agreed!) So Rossi, last minute -- previously he had claimed that it wasn't necessary and he gave a series of "explanations" why -- claimed to have constructed a heat exchanger, didn't keep the receipts (for a huge pile of piping) and paid the workmen in cash, and dismantled it when the "test" was done, and it's not his fault that nobody noticed this massive and noisy construction. "Nyah, nyah, You can't prove I didn't"!!! But this was a civil trial and a jury would very obviously have ruled on the preponderance of the evidence, and I think there was enough evidence to show, further, in a criminal trial, that Rossi lied, under oath, and I think his lawyer -- I was there and saw it come down -- realized that he needed to end the farce, ASAP, and did, and did it in a way that a clueless commentator like Mats Lewan would believe that "Rossi won!" -- i.e., that he got what he wanted, his technology back. Which he already had and was free to exploit, without spending millions of dollars on legal fees, as he did to file and prosecute that lawsuit.

      No, this was just one more Rossi lie. He wanted more money, not satisfied with $10 million, and probably believed that Industrial Heat, embarrassed, would settle quickly.

    23. philosopher of science, and my brain has been finding it engrossing, too. 

      Me, too. I have been collecting all the relevant documents, and the world looks different to someone who has seen all this. Some aspects become clear. Yes it is possible that useful energy could be released, but possible doesn't pay the rent, unless someone buys the futures and you are selling. There is money going into LENR. Industrial Heat may not have much left of the $50 million, but there is more where that came from.

      And the landscape is crawling with scammers. There are now at least two companies with ICOs based on LENR claims, with, very likely, little or nothing solid behind them but some results that, if they have been correctly interpreted, and maybe with years of effort, could eventually be turned into something useful.

    24. Rossi is not even the only person claiming commercially relevant results from LENR. Another prominent example is Robert Godes, of the California-based Brillouin Energy.

      I hope to visit Brillouin next month. They are for real, but do they have "commercially relevant" results? What does that mean? They are nowhere close to a product. They may have some anomalous heat, but it is actually unlikely that they understand the process. LENR has engaged some very bright minds for almost thirty years, and my opinion is that nobody understands it, and that this situation may continue for a long time.

    25. ‘experimental results by Rossi and co-workers and their E-Cat reactor provide the best experimental verification’ of the process they propose.

      Then there is no verification. That was a test of a secret device, no details were available, so a theory of operation was massively speculative. Rossi was quite proud, at the time, that Industrial Heat had manufactured that device. Yet when they tested it, they also, at first, found substantial excess heat -- using the same defective method of estimating it. Then they realized that they were accidentally testing a dummy reactor, with no fuel. They called up Rossi and he came up from Florida and Darden and Rossi opened up the reactor. No fuel. Darden testified that Rossi exclaimed, "The Russians stole the fuel!" and stormed out. As if it mattered how it happened that this "heat-producing" reactor had no fuel in it. The Lugano team had failed to validate their method, relying solely on theoretical analysis and incorrect assumptions.And Rossi''s history is full of examples where he sort-of-fooled scientists, or seemed to have. Many, in fact, reserved judgment.

    26. Another investor, the UK-based Woodford Funds, reports that it conducted ‘a rigorous due-diligence process that has taken two and half years’.)

      "Due diligence" for what? We now know that Woodford representatives visited the 1 MW reactor (in Doral, Florida), and that they invested $50 million in Industrial Heat, and committed $150 million more if needed. Where did that money go? None of it went to Rossi, Industrial Heat was supporting many researchers. What Industrial Heat had actually done was to confirm that Rossi was deceptive and that his reactor could not possibly be working as claimed. Many, at the time, knowing that Industrial Heat had been working with Rossi, and that Woodford had invested, assumed that the investment was in Rossi and that this confirmed that Rossi claims were real. Nope. The opposite, it turned out.

    27. Rossi was granted a US patent for one of his devices, previously refused on the grounds that insufficient evidence had been provided that the technique worked as claimed.

      No that patent was not previously refused, a previous patent application was. The patent was granted for a water heater. It's meaningless. What "credible reports"? The company that owned that 1 MW reactor was not impressed, and refused to provide further payments to Rossi.

    28. Both reports claimed levels of excess heat far beyond anything explicable in chemical terms, in the testers’ view.

      The second report, the "Lugano test," had no control, and used a seriously defective method of estimating heat production. The blunder was actually obvious to anyone who carefully read the report, and it was based on believing whatever they had been told by Rossi. And this has been carefully critiqued, and those "reputable scientists" have ignored that, stonewalling all serious questions. Much of this came out in the lawsuit. The jury is not out, they were actually dismissed. Rossi could not afford to have that trial continue, so he offered a settlement, a walk-away. Otherwise he was risking a perjury conviction. The case record is public and all the documents are on coldfusioncommunity.net. It's really an appalling case. But who has time to read a thousand documents?

    29. While it is fair to say that the jury is still out, there has been a lot of good news for my hopes of a free dinner in the past couple of years.

      In fact, there was a level of junk science out there, sloppy research, sometimes naive and sometimes just plain wrong, and those who knew what was going on were mostly under Non-Disclosure Agreements and, as well, the entire field of Low Energy Nuclear Reactions was generally allergic to criticism, researchers avoided criticizing each other. Mostly. There have been exceptions,. but those who are not familiar with the field, and especially if inclined to be skeptical -- which is normal --, will not see them unless they look, and it it is not easy to find the information. That's what I'm working on.

    30. So has every other physicist I’ve asked about it since.

      Yes. If one can get past the frothing at the mouth, this is basic physics. What might be impossible is much narrower, because catalysis is possible and there is a form that is well-known and accepted, which was called "cold fusion" before Cold Fusion. Muon-Catalyzed Fusion. Muons are very unlikely as an explanation of the Anomalous Heat Effect, but could there be some other kind of catalysis? Or something else unexpected? Obviously, the "unexpected" cannot be ruled out. But pseudoskeptics cheerfully proceed to believe that not only can it be ruled out, it was ruled out long ago, and "everyone knows." And that is called "scientific consensus." Really. It is. Gary Taubes knows a lot about this!

    31. there was no ‘watertight’ argument that such methods were impossible.

      It was well-known that nuclear reactions at low initiation energy (read "temperature") were not impossible. A lot of people who should have known better mouthed inanities, given the opportunity. The "impossibility" argument, defective from the beginning, was a very poor argument against Rossi Reality. Possibility does not equal Reality.

    32. The latter was popularised in 1989 by Martin Fleischmann and Stanley Pons, who claimed to have found evidence that such processes could take place in palladium loaded with deuterium (an isotope of hydrogen). A few other physicists, including the late Sergio Focardi at Bologna, claimed similar effects with nickel and ordinary hydrogen. But most were highly skeptical, and the field subsequently gained, as Wikipedia puts it, ‘a reputation as pathological science’.

      With everyone using lousy language, on all sides. Fleischmann and Pons found anomalous heat and also believed they found radiation. The latter claim was defective. The anomalous heat, in hindsight, was not. The claim that it could not be confirmed was misleading. That is, "it," i.e., the heat. Evidence that the heat was from a nuclear process was either indirect, circumstantial, or confusing (tritium was found and confirmed in "similar" experiments), until 1991, when MIles reported the heat/helium correlation.

      Fleischmann and Pons were real scientists, but got whacked upside the head by unexpected results and the entire affair was massively confused by the commercial possibilities, which led to secrecy and, indeed, visible caginess. It was a Perfect Storm.

    33. similar to those in the Sun

      If anything is clear about cold fusion, it would be that,whatever it is, is not "similar" to what happens in the Sun, which requires a plasma, and the Anomalous Heat Effect, as it is much more neutrally called, requires "condensed matter," impossible on the Sun. Hey, I used the word "impossible!" Probably impossible, unless the reactor is made of Unobtainium which can withstand the heat. I.e., with real materials, maybe it's possible, for a few minutes. This conversation was a set-up, created by the way words were used in 1989, on all sides.

    34. Is cold fusion truly impossible, or is it just that no respectable scientist can risk their reputation working on it?

      In order to address that question, we must define "cold fusion"? Isn't that obvious? Yet this "detail" is often overlooked, and so people argue endlessly, talking past each other. By some definitions, "cold fusion" is probably impossible. ("Impossibility proof" is an oxymoron, that's well-known.) By others, it's possible, but that provides us no information about Dottore Rossi.

  6. Sep 2018
    1. 100 mm

      for a quick and dirty estimate, lattice constant for Pd: is almost 4 angstroms or 4 x 10^-10 m. He meant "100 micrometers," not millimeters.And it's odd he picked the largest crater, 10 microns is more common. a million lattice constant cube would be 100 lattice constants on a side, or 4 x 10^-8 m or, to compare with crater size, 4 x 10^-5 microns. But in the FCC lattice there are four atoms per cell. So a million atom cube would be about 2.5 x 10^-5 microns. Yes, much smaller, but the reaction rate must be very low per atom, and these reactions must take place very rapidly, or else the temperature would not be much elevated.

  7. Aug 2018
    1. https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLSXH-_auE_Vrnm9z-8A3KCMCJhRwTNFlB&jct=YTrl7i5IomZvsB7V-nkn_h15IXZ6hQ
    1. http://pages.csam.montclair.edu/∼kowalski/cf/319galileo.html
    2. Eur. Phys. J. Appl.Phys.46(2009) 30901.
    3. ttp://www.jlab.org/accel/inj_group/testcave/mott/ultra.htm
    4. nalysis of the CR-39 detectors fromSRI’s SPAWAR/Galileo type electrolysis experiments #7 and #5. Signature of possible neutron emission,
    5. Eur. Phys. J.Appl. Phys.40(2007) 293303
    6. http://lenr-canr.org/acrobat/KowalskiLcommentson.pdf
    7. Eur. Phys. J. Appl. Phys.44(2008) 291–295.
    1. As Rossi says, no experiment will convince the critics, only the sale of commercial reactors. This because he will not disclose how it works.

      Mr. Ashfield repeats an old Rossi deception. Rossi claimed to have a commercial product, to have sold it. More than once. Again and again, he has repeated "in mercato veritas." He engaged with the real market and it spit him out. What would convince skeptics would be devices that they can see working and can test. That means they are available. Whether or not they are being sold is a different matter. Rossi actually will not disclose if it works at all, i.e., by actual truth, as shown by working devices, not by chatter. He deprecates chatter, but that's all he does, plus tinker with tricks.

    2. Rossi,who does know, says it is about the same as a conductor. ie close to zero.

      In order to know if the device is producing power, one needs to know the input power, which is normally done by measuring input voltage and current. Those values provide a figure for resistance, but Rossi claimed the resistance was zero. He was applying high voltage to the device (in the demonstration, you could hear the zapping periodically.) If the resistance were zero, the input power would be huge for those intervals. It is brought out again because this whole thing is incredibly stupid. Keep saying stupid, people will keep pointing it out. That's normal human behavior.

      Itt was possible to think that Rossi might have something back before the lawsuit revealed way too much. Yes, there was always cause for suspicion, but the situation now is that Rossi clearly makes highly deceptive claims, nothing from him can be trusted, and he seems to be able to influence those who spend time with him. Beware. This has nothing to do with "how it works."

    1. Just what substance have you added in the last months?

      However much, orders of magnitude above Mr. Ashfield

    1. smith.jd Aug 25 Other recipients: I don’t agree ABD. With kind regards, John I don’t agree ABD.

      If everyone were to agree with me on everything, I'd be sure I was out to lunch. In any case, this is a splendid opporunity to test hypothes.is annotation with a private site.

    1. F.M.F. Ng et al.,Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res.B263(2007) 266
    2. R.A. Oriani, Reproducible Evidence for the Generation of a Nuclear Reaction During Electrolysis,Proceedings of the 14thInternational Conference on Condensed Matter Nuclear Science, Washington, DC, 2008
    3. R. A. Oriani and J.C. Fisher, Detection of energetic charged particles during electrolysis, inCondensed Matter Nuclear Science,edited by P. Hagelstein and S. Chubb,Tenth International Conference on Cold Fusion Conference Proceedings, Cambridge,MA 2003, pp. 577–584
    4. M. Fleischmann, S. Pons and M. Hawkins, Electrochemically induced nuclear fusion of deuterium,J. Electroanal. Chem.261(1989) 301–308.
    1. thermostimulated depolarisation (TSP) technique

      the help thermostimulated depolarisation (TSD)* technique.

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    4. 2. Experimental part The samples consisted of ferroelectric single crystals of K(D H1-x)2PO4

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    7. Tequite

      neutron emission processes in DKDP crystals near Tc quite correctly, has been proposed.

    8. K(Dxll1-x)2PO4

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