1,221 Matching Annotations
  1. Jan 2016
    1. Themes 4–6 concern the enterprise of scholarly publishing, including business models and theattribution of credit. In these sections we discuss how scholarship is evaluated, accredited andmonetized; current and new models and modes of assigning copyright and intellectual propertyrights; the financial aspects of scholarly publishing; and the mechanisms for assessing the qualityand value of researchers and their research outputs, and of attributing credit and worth to them.

      And last time on this: this is where we've seen real growth since the RII and Datacitation completed their core work.

    2. While not disputing the expressive power of the written word to communicate complex ideas, ourfoundational assumption is that scholarly communication by means of semantically-enhanced media-richdigital publishing is likely to have a greater impact than communication in traditional print media or elec-tronic facsimiles of printed works.

      This is an area where I think we've changed focus to an extent: since Amsterdam (where I thought this was a dominant theme), we've seen an increasing focus on the economics of publication, I think it is fair to say at least in parallel to, but perhaps instead of, this initial focus on data and executable papers. It suddenly occurs to me that that might be why people felt that Amsterdam was somehow looser or more informal: it was focussed much more on data and executable papers.

    3. better links to data, the publication of software tools,mathematical models, protocols and workflows, and research communication by means of social mediachannels

      Following up on my last, this is what I mean: I think this list would now be quite different.

    4. HOMEWORK!

      Please read the Force11 Manifesto and note what has been achieved, what has not been achieved, what needs to be added? Please formulate some questions and issues you want to address during the retreat.

    1. A successful blog therefore has to balance itself between a writer’s own take on the world and others. Some bloggers collect, or “aggregate,” other bloggers’ posts with dozens of quick links and minimalist opinion topspin: Glenn Reynolds at Instapundit does this for the right-of-center; Duncan Black at Eschaton does it for the left. Others are more eclectic, or aggregate links in a particular niche, or cater to a settled and knowledgeable reader base.

      On the importance of aggregation/quotation.

    2. But writing in this new form is a collective enterprise as much as it is an individual one—and the connections between bloggers are as important as the content on the blogs. The links not only drive conversation, they drive readers. The more you link, the more others will link to you, and the more traffic and readers you will get. The zero-sum game of old media—in which Time benefits from Newsweek’s decline and vice versa—becomes win-win. It’s great for Time to be linked to by Newsweek and the other way round. One of the most prized statistics in the blogosphere is therefore not the total number of readers or page views, but the “authority” you get by being linked to by other blogs. It’s an indication of how central you are to the online conversation of humankind.

      Importance of linking to the blog genre.

    3. They will send links, stories, and facts, challenging the blogger’s view of the world, sometimes outright refuting it, but more frequently adding context and nuance and complexity to an idea. The role of a blogger is not to defend against this but to embrace it. He is similar in this way to the host of a dinner party. He can provoke discussion or take a position, even passionately, but he also must create an atmosphere in which others want to participate.

      The blog as a conversation of intertextuality: i.e. people quote in blogs; send links to refutations, and so on.

    4. But perhaps the quintessential blogger avant la lettre was Montaigne. His essays were published in three major editions, each one longer and more complex than the previous. A passionate skeptic, Montaigne amended, added to, and amplified the essays for each edition, making them three-dimensional through time. In the best modern translations, each essay is annotated, sentence by sentence, paragraph by paragraph, by small letters (A, B, and C) for each major edition, helping the reader see how each rewrite added to or subverted, emphasized or ironized, the version before. Montaigne was living his skepticism, daring to show how a writer evolves, changes his mind, learns new things, shifts perspectives, grows older—and that this, far from being something that needs to be hidden behind a veneer of unchanging authority, can become a virtue, a new way of looking at the pretensions of authorship and text and truth. Montaigne, for good measure, also peppered his essays with myriads of what bloggers would call external links. His own thoughts are strewn with and complicated by the aphorisms and anecdotes of others. Scholars of the sources note that many of these “money quotes” were deliberately taken out of context, adding layers of irony to writing that was already saturated in empirical doubt.

      Montaigne as the first blogger... in part because of his use of quotations.

    5. But the superficiality masked considerable depth—greater depth, from one perspective, than the traditional media could offer. The reason was a single technological innovation: the hyperlink. An old-school columnist can write 800 brilliant words analyzing or commenting on, say, a new think-tank report or scientific survey. But in reading it on paper, you have to take the columnist’s presentation of the material on faith, or be convinced by a brief quotation (which can always be misleading out of context). Online, a hyperlink to the original source transforms the experience. Yes, a few sentences of bloggy spin may not be as satisfying as a full column, but the ability to read the primary material instantly—in as careful or shallow a fashion as you choose—can add much greater context than anything on paper. Even a blogger’s chosen pull quote, unlike a columnist’s, can be effortlessly checked against the original. Now this innovation, pre-dating blogs but popularized by them, is increasingly central to mainstream journalism.

      O'Sullivan on the importance of quotation and citation to the blogging genre.

    6. the key to understanding a blog is to realize that it’s a broadcast, not a publication

      Drudge on blogging.

    1. If we had to trace the genealogy of the weblog back to its origin, we would probably find ourselves at the website of Dave Winer: Scripting News. Having started in April, 1997, this website is the longest-running blog on the internet and has an archive of every post ever made-starting with its very first which is comprised of a few scattered words and several now-broken links. The story of the blog between then and now is history that has developed so quickly that we can't keep track of it all.

      Scripting News is the longest running blog on the internet.

    1. I don’t think your average person quotes much at all’ was one assessment, ’teachers, preachers and the like do though’, or, from another I’m not sure if I quote very much in everyday life. It’s something I associate with prepared speeches and talks or the days when I mugged up quotes for exams and made sure to stick them all in so that the examiner would think I’d read widely (MO/S2207).

      Public mistrust of quotation. Also places it as evidence of professional practice--e.g. priests, students, etc.

    2. This chapter reports on the results of a Mass Observation Archive study of quotation practices, as well as close reading and observation, primarily in Milton Keynes.

    1. "Montaigne turned the technique of quotation on its head and stressed the role of the present author in the creation of the new whole. He thus emphasized the new over the old and suggested the possibility of modern originality..." (9)

    2. "Up until the modernist moment, allusion was the preferred and time-honoured mode of intertextual reference in poetry; quotations appeared only rarely."

      Gregory, Elizabeth. 1996. Quotation and Modern American Poetry: “Imaginary Gardens With Real Toads.” Texas A&M University Press.

    1. Dan Ingalls implemented a delightfully simple pop-up menu in Smalltalk that contained a column listing the four command names [9]. That menu evolved into the right-click contextual menus that are commonplace today.

      Deep origin of the right click menu.

    1. This might contain the first popular reference to cut and paste. See Tesler, Larry. 2012. “A Personal History of Modeless Text Editing and Cut/Copy-Paste.” Interactions 19 (4): 70–75. doi:10.1145/2212877.2212896.

    1. (For the exhibition see: cut-and-paste.de (link is external))

      This link is now dead. It's preserved in the Internet Archive: for the best version (afaics) see https://web.archive.org/web/20041210230832/http://www.cut-and-paste.de/start.html