1 Matching Annotations
  1. Apr 2020
    1. In >95% of patients who survive to reach the ED, the BAI occurs just distal to the left subclavian artery, where it is tethered by the ligamentum arteriosum (Fig. 7-24). In 2% to 5% of patients the injury occurs in the ascending aorta, in the transverse arch, or at the diaphragm