12 Matching Annotations
  1. Jun 2019
    1. A study at a South African high school, for example, indicated that only 33% of students had access to phones with substantial internal and flash-card memory. This led “to the regular deletion of older content in order to make room for new material”
    1. (a) increase access to student information and campus resources, (b) increase inter-action with learning contents, (c) create representations of knowledge, (d) augment face-to-face instruction, (e) support performance & decision-making, (f) enable personalized learning, and (g) deploy instruction. These groups are not mutually exclusive, and they are summarized in Table1. Se
  2. Nov 2018
    1. Knowledge in SSLEs is perceived as belonging to, and distributed in, communities of practice or “environments of participation” in which the learner practices the patterns of inquiry and learning, and the use of shared resources is part of the preparation for membership in a particular community (Firdyiwek, 1999)
    2. This level is also about using social software to foster learning by increasing or improving users’ capabilities for aggregating and incorporating vari-ous types of digital resources into the e-learning experience.



  3. Oct 2018
    1. Current SystemPersonalized Learning System

      This is an excellent characterization of the aspects of personalized Learning.



    1. Then it applies machine-learning algorithms to present the material in the order it thinks will be most useful to a given student. But there’s a caveat, says Jose Ferreira, Knewton’s founder: “Knewton cannot work when there’s no right answer.”

      Fairly large caveat. When we see how higher order thinking skills can be integrated, we will likely better combine the human and machine elements.

    2. A famous 2003 Cornell University study found that students who were allowed to use their laptops during class recalled far less of the material than those who were denied access to computers. More broadly, a 40-country Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development study recently found that the students who reported spending the most time on computers, both in class and at home, performed worse than their peers on a pair of standardized tests.

      It seems hard to imagine doing any sort of homework without a computer at this point.

    1. It is worth noting that the effectiveness of ITS is an issue ofsignificant importance because the development, research, and useof ITS involve multiple disciplines, including computer science,artificial intelligence, psychology, and education and consumesubstantial financial, intellectual, and educational resources. Forexample,Woolf and Cunningham (1987)reported that each hourof ITS instruction costs 200 hours of work to build.

      This is a great observation and has been the experience at institutions I have worked at.

    2. learner-controlled

      What control or agency does the learner have?

    3. Although the termintelligent tutoringsystemshas been used in much research, many studies have usedother terms.

      Definitions for adaptive, personalized and ITS vary greatly.


  4. May 2018