8 Matching Annotations
  1. Oct 2017
    1. For monkinde they say a woman was made first, which by the working of one of the gods, conceived and brought foorth children: And in such sort 1hey say 1hey had their beginning. Bui how many ycercs or ages have passed smce, lhey say they can make no relation, having noleuers nor other such meanes as we 10 keepe Records of the particularities of times past, but onely tradition from father to sonne. 1 They thinke that all the gods arc of humane shape, and therefore they represent them hy images in lhe formes of men: which they call Kewasowok, one alone.is called Kewas: them they place in houses appropriate or temples, which they call Machico, muck, where they worship, pray, sing, and make mLltly limes off rings unto them. In some Machicomuck we have secne but one Kewas, in some,two, and in olher some three. The common sort thinke them lo be also gods. , · They bcleeve also theimmonalitie of the soule, that after this life as soone as the soule is departed from 1he body, according to the workes it hath i:lone, it is either caried to heaven 1he habitacle of gods, there to enjoy perpetuall blisse.and happi-nesse, or els to a great pine or hole, which they thinke 10 be in lhe furthest pans of their pan of lhe world toward the Sunne set, 1here to bume continually: the place they call Popogusso.

      As I was reading this section I began to see similarities between their spiritual beliefs and the beliefs of Christianity. It's interesting to learn that they believed that woman came before man rather than the man coming first. They believed that after death a person souls has two possible destinations. The places that is described sounds similar to the descriptions of hell and heaven.

  2. Sep 2017
    1. and ask me whether I had had dreams and had seen their enemies. I would tell them that I had not, but nevertheless continued to inspire them with courage and good hope. When night came on, we set off on our way until the next morning. Then we retired into the thick woods where we spent the rest of the day. Towards ten or eleven o'clock, after walking around our camp, I went to take a rest, and while asleep I dreamed that I saw in the lake near a mountain our enemies, the Iroquois, drowning before our eyes. I wanted to succour them, but our Indian allies said to me that we should let them all perish; for they were bad men. When I awoke they did not fail to ask me as usual whether I had dreamed anything. I told them what I had seen in my dream. This gave them such confidence that they no longer had any doubt as to the good fortune awaiting them

      I wonder if he in fact had this dream or he lied to them in order to convince them to continue with the intentions of battling. This might have been a way to manipulate the natives because Champlain knew that this "dream" would have encouraged them to win victory from their enemies.

    1. miserable

      I think it was "miserable" because they could not get everything they wanted. They caused the "misery".

    2. Considering that the best strength and armor were prayers to appease the Divine wrath, though on the preceding days the poor women had made them with fervor, that night I charged them to do so in-creasingly, and told the father guardian and the other two religious to say mass for us at dawn, and exhort an alike to repentance for their sins and to conformance with the Divine will, and to absolve us from guilt and punishment.

      They believed that God was angry at them because of their sins but they didn't realize that the reason for all the wars was because THEY wanted to posses and destroy the native's homes and cultures. It is amazing to learn that these invaders did not seem to question their cruel actions.

    3. ceremonies, and they attempted to destroy native symbolic objects, such as masks and kachina dolls. At the same time, the de-mands for forced labor from both the state and the church left almost no time for the natives to cultivate their own lands.

      I wonder what Bible did the Spanish carry with them. According to reformed.org the Geneva Bible was the most popular book of testimony in England during the 15th and 16th centuries. Perhaps the Spanish carried and studied the Geneva Bible as well. A verse from the book reads, 1 Corinthians 10:31-32 "Whether therefore ye eat, or drink, orwhatsoever ye do, do all to the glory of God. Give none offence, neither to the Jews, nor to the Gentiles, nor to the church of God:" This verse states that other religions should be tolerated. If so, why didn't the Spanish tolerate the spiritual beliefs of the natives?

      Another verse from the book reads, "17 For Christ sent me not to baptize, but to preach the Gospel, not with wisdom of words, lest the cross of Christ should be made of none effect." From my understanding, in this verse Peter, (Jesus's apostle) states that he was sent to preach but not to "baptize" or convert others. If the Spanish practiced the verses of this book then why did they harshly force Christianity to the natives?

    4. By valor and the ring of hope, Hoping, we did those tasks that were . 75 But lighter, more endurable, and easier borne. And since a ready diligence Lent to a careful toil Is mother of all good outcome, We had that same, discovering the pass 80 That the astute barbarian told us of, Marking the lands all round about ' The sites and places that he showea When we with Miko captured him. And, like Magellan through his strait, 85 We all pass through it, Worn down with toil, now quite worn out By the force of the rigorous fate ' Which with a strong and heavy hand So pressed us down, afflicted us. 90 Four complete days did pass away In which we drank no drop of water there, And now the horses, being blind, . , Did give themselves most cruel blows And bumps against the unseen trees, 95 And we, as tired as they, " Exhaling living fire and. spitting forth Saliva more viscous than pitch, Our hope given up, entirely lost,

      These are interesting lines. We read of the hardships and sufferings but the word "hope" is present. As we read further, more descriptions of the continued misery is written. In line 98, we see the sudden change in which hope is now "given up" and "entirely lost". We then begin to get a sense of discouragement but the "hope" is once again brought into existence on the next page (185). In this section we learn about more Christian influence.In the beginning of this text, Villagra describes the hope they carried. Line 172 reads, "And like that memorable dove, which after the great storm had passed, returned with the green olive branch". This refers to Noah's ark. This explains that once again possession is driven by religion.

    5. Him

      I noticed that the name "Him" is used various times referring to God. This is another indication of the influence that religion had on the Spanish and their expeditions.

    1. Since this narrative, in my opinion, is of no trivial value for those who go in your name to subdue those countries and bring them to a knowledge of the true faith and true Lord and bring them under the imperial dominion, I have written very exactly. Novel or, for some persons, difficult to believe though the things narrated may be, I assure you they can be accepted without hesita-tion as strictly factual. Better than to exaggerate, I have minimized all things; it is enough to say that the relation is offered Your Majesty for truth.

      I notice that in this first excerpt Cabeza de Vaca explains to the emperor that what he will tell is "strictly factual". Whereas in the second excerpt, Cabeza de Vaca states that he relies on his memory to produce the narrative.These two statements allow us to question the accuracy of the narrative. It is interesting to note that the second excerpt is written in a way that allows us to have a better visual of his experiences.