1,179 Matching Annotations
  1. May 2018
    1. Students have taken the technology and used it for what the technology is able to do."

      Ok, so here are the real points I was trying to make:

      1) Quizlet (which I see in use in college quite a bit, but which I am more intimately familiar with because my kiddo is a first-year public high school student and Quizlet is probably about half of her homework and study time) is a banking model technology. Yeah, I am pulling out the Freire for this stupid story. Because if you want to pretend to talk about teaching, at least really try to TALK ABOUT TEACHING. What's cool is that students have taken that regurgative software and shifted it into a communication and collaboration tool. This seems compelling to me because "digital" stuff is much more interesting for how it can connect students and allow them to creatively contribute to architectures and ideas than it is for how it can enable notetaking or flashcards or whatever (this is why the laptop ban "research" is so annoying, right?). So first off, cool hacking done by students to show how the web connects them.

      2) the "cheating" thing has nothing to do with Quizlet, really. I mean, THE GOOGLE (the Duck Duck Go, whatever) can retrieve all the factual information on the planet. Then it can also retrieve all the WRONG FACTS on the planet (Quizlet does this too, which is funny). Punishing students for retrieving facts using the net is way less helpful than showing students how to improve their search and retrieval skills, their critical evaluative skills, and their general digital literacy.

      3) Quizlet may have been founded by a student who wanted to study French more effectively. Love that! But hey, it's funded by like 12+ million dollars of venture capital companies, most of which have no real mission related to education. So sit around and talk about how students are naughty if you want. I'd rather ask larger questions about what the end game is for these venture capitalists who want to scale quizlet so that instead of 1 in every 2 high school students using it, it is 1 in 1 high school students. I think Quizlet has like 20 million users a month (don't quote me. I'm not writing an article, I'm DOING HOTHEADED MARGINALIA!). Please exaplin to me what the end game is. Do we think there is no expected return on investment for all the millions sunk into this app? Do we think there is no real reason these "disruptive" companies focus so much on scaling? Who is the product if we can't easily see the product or understand where the money flows here. The problem with Quizlet is not students. The problem with Quizlet is that it's part of a larger commercial edtech trend that is becoming ubiquitous and which we don't question because we are too busy casting side-eye on small-potatoes distractions like DO THEY SHARE EXAM ANSWERS (like they have done since the first caveman exam BTW).

      4) Watch how Quizlet proliferates cheaters. Demonize said cheaters. Create software programs to catch cheaters funded by same venture capitalists who proliferate them. TRACK EYEBALLS OF CHEATERS. Get bad cheaters and their families to send their taxpayer dollars to the venture capitalists to pay for all of it. Begin again. (Don't make me whip out Foucault, people.)

      That is what I was trying to say.

    2. Derosa

      DeRosa, just sayin

  2. Feb 2018
    1. two 3-4-month long art classes, inspiring and helping inmates to express themselves in a positive way.

      awesome.

    2. being in the wrong place at the wrong time, trumped up charges, and false allegations made by loved ones.

      Hmmm...so he never did anything wrong? That seems less like "stupid reasons" and more like wrongful imprisonment. Something seems off here...

    3. intergrading

      integrating?

    4. who may have the closest personality trait” 

      I am not sure what this means...

    5. drugs. ” caught

      Remember to be careful about your periods! Don't end a sentence unless you mean to!

    6. venerable

      vulnerable?

    7. This seems to be reinforcing their loss of self and disempowers their original identification as a human being, am I right? 

      Yes, I am totally seeing the way that art humanizes, and counters the dehumanizing currents that flow in the prison system.

    8. Together African Americans and Hispanics comprised 58% of the prisons population in 2008, even though African Americans and Hispanics make up approximately a quarter of the US population.

      You really MUST see the film "13th." It streams on Netflix now, I believe. It's totally worth it, and really helps explain how this all happened. Amazing film.

    9. As art therapy is less about accuracy of the art being produced but rather about the emotional experience that unfolds when the art is being made. 

      A helpful way of describing it.

    10. psychical

      physical? or psychic? or psychiatric?

    11. excreta

      I don't think this is what you mean!

    1. But your public is 7 billion individuals of infinite needs, mental and physical disabilities, varying levels of intuition and common sense, cultural and language barriers, economic and ecological considerations, available materials, machines, tools, and machinists. Making something consistently and universally simple to use is the most complex process in product design.

      Love these final sentences.

    2. How do you think a smartphone could change our physiology over time?

      Scary and interesting question.

    3. If anthropologist called C. Loring Brace is correct

      ???

    4. the role silverware had in changing our jaw structure.

      Whoa!

    5. also that engineers are aware of the societal consequences of product design and the matching responsibility of the designer as an actor in a societal context.

      Agreed-- love this.

    6. This necessitates introspection about how this rapid change can look like in various other socio-economic and governmental facets.

      Kind of an awkward sentence?

    7. The rise and fall of civilizations happen in between updated versions of your Iphone.

      Beautiful sentence.

    8. technology

      Oh my gosh that tire video is amazing. So many possible things to hope for in the future but now 3D print-on-demand biodegradable tires is like WAY UP AT THE TOP OF MY LIST.

    9. I want to know what it takes to break one of these tires, what to do with a broken tire, how it behaves when its broken on a moving vehicle, how much pressure the tires can withstand.

      Yes-- and this really explains how so much about design happens in research and observation rather than in sheer creation.

    10. Michelin is working on a 3D printed, biodegradable tire.

      Cool.

    11. untested over time

      It's a simple but profound point: that the untested and therefore less flawed nature of new things makes them more appealing than things that have failed a bit over time...even if the new thing will ultimately fail a lot MORE over time.

    12. 16,564 hospitalizations were caused by the leashes.

      !!!!!!!

    13. is very difficult to predict what they will do.

      So interesting to have to design around accidents, around people using things incorrectly, and around the unpredictable.

    14. spoon.

      Ha ha that video is as awesome as you promised!

    15. multifaceted monolith

      Interesting-- seems almost like an oxymoron?

  3. Jan 2018
  4. Dec 2017
    1. I did not ask questions. I did not know how to ask questions.

      So interesting to think about how the permission to ask questions and the confidence-building to help students feel comfortable doing so needs to be part of an effective Sex Ed curriculum...

    2. I became a mom a week before my 17th birthday.

      Powerful. You are able to offer the kind of insight we should be hungry to hear more about, so we can effectively plan curriculum that would actually be worthwhile and helpful.

    3. Rely on participatory teaching methods, implemented by trained educators and using all the activities as designed.

      I'm struck in reading these that there is still so little discussion of pleasure or of sexual subjectivity and the idea that one's sex life should ultimately enrich a person's happiness and wellbeing...

    4. three key areas

      Helpful areas-- I am not sure I ever saw them broken down like this.

    5. 30 states

      I had no idea it was that many... Sigh. Have you seen the film "The Education of Shelby Knox?" WATCH IT!!!!

    6. A whopping $250 million for abstinence and $75 million for comprehensive evidence based research and education

      Whoa

    7. Sexual education is interdisciplinary in nature, but it is the goal to modify the mixture to meet modern values and expectations.

      A great intro that gets to the heart of the interdisciplinarity here, but also to the heart of the irony that governs how we talk-- and don't talk-- about sex in the U.S.

    8. Hooking up, nookie, making love, doing the deed, bumping uglies, knocking boots, horizontal tango, baby making, getting lucky…. SEX.

      I should have known this would not start out as a regular old research paper.

    1. This could be used both to evoke a humbling feeling with vertical element being in contrast with guests, or, it could be used to provide a powerful feeling through the elevation of the guests.

      ha ha! So Alice in Wonderland!!

    2. It has been proven through scientific research that a person’s physical environment translates directly to their psychological state.

      I believe this given the effects of environment on me (especially when I am working), and this really does make me realize not only how important it is to understand this in order to plan good events, but also how important events can be to transforming people's moods and maybe lives!

    3. I have been to way too many events that have not had the right music playing to upkeep the mood and energy.

      Indeed! Such a major effect on an event, and sometimes people may not even realize the positive or negative influences are coming from the music...

    4. There are four categories of composition that include closed, open, asymmetrical, and symmetrical. (Monroe) Starting with the entire composition may be a little over whelming. Tackling some of the line compositions may lead more into a better understanding of the overall composition.

      So amazing how much art is involved! Really sounds like any drawing class here as you talk about composition...

    5. no matter how perfect the venue look through photographs

      I bet that really messes up a lot of weddings...

    6. Maps, charts, floor plans, and other graphics

      Everything down to parking maps! You did so well with the creative and logistical parts of the pre-event communications!

    7. Other events professionals such as Lena Malouf offer the idea of constantly keeping up with industry trends and changes, not only the event industry, but the architecture and interior design industries as well. (Malouf) She also encourages the research of past decades for inspiration as well as to ensure accuracy of the display of the time period.

      It's cool that two of the main tools for growing creativity are hooking up with your networks to learn and doing research into the histories that are relevant...which really correlates with main foci of our capstone course!

    8. As the remark above illustrates, event management, no matter the category of responsibility, deals with directly with event design in all of their duties and decisions.

      Event management and even design seem like two highly interdisciplinary fields that combine together to make an even MORE interdisciplinary field.

    9. the energy to be drained

      Not totally sure if we are talking about something like feng shui?

    10. smells,

      Oh yes! Reminds me of some of my favorite touches at Disney-- like one ride (Soarin) where they pipe in the smell of orange groves!

    11. Event design

      Even just that move from "Event Planning" to "Event Design" opens up whole new disciplines for the work...

    1. In conclusion if the state had reconstructed the old fishing bridge helping the fishermen recover then they might not have been left out of sorts and continue with their traditional way of life. Instead the state forced the communities to accept the housing located inland, by revoking their access to trade markets and services such as health care and education (361).

      Excellent example.

    2. Gift exchange is thus also about renewing social relations, including those that are founded on disparities of power

      Great point.

    3. unanimously

      Did people vote? Not sure you mean to use this word...

    4. aid can potentially create incentives for government attacks on civilians.

      ah yes, there is the answer to my question, above...

    5. Humanitarian aid sites such as refugee camps and aid stations often concentrate large amounts of valuable resources in specific geographic areas.

      Does this mean that aid stations can sometimes bring more violence and conflict to an area, or be responsible for more civilian deaths?

    6. a book of quotes,

      Where is this quote from? The Handmaid's Tale? If so, it would be worth acknowledging that feminist context, perhaps...

    7. The ultimate goal is to improve the lives of others no matter the location or circumstance. The ecological framework of unequal exchange helps demonstrate this.

      I am not seeing how the ecological framework of unequal exchange demonstrates that humanitarians want to do good. These seem like two really separate ideas to me...

    8. It can be a dangerous slope for donors having the power to decide how their efforts can unfold, power has the potential to breed greed

      A good point. This reminds me of conflicts in our own government as well, when political candidates are funded by the super-wealthy who then leverage power when it comes time for votes on legislation...

    9. ;

      Quick note: semi-colons work almost exactly like periods, so generally you don't want to use one unless you would put a period there. For most of your semi-colons, you'd be better off with commas, or, in the case like this where you need punctuation to indicate that a quote will follow, you could also use a colon, which is

      :

      Hope that helps! If you want to polish this stuff up, Janina or I can assist you in the office after break!

    10. Should occur necessarily outside the the domain of the marketplace, shaped by the logic of the gift—conventionally understood to operate beyond the constraints and expectations of contractual exchange. Humanitarian gifts, however, are inextricably bound to structures and practices associated with the formal economy, and as such cannot be viewed in isolation from the domain of commodities, markets, exchange relationships, and patterns of inequality that shape global, regional and local relationships”

      Great quote-- good place to start.

    11. selfish intentions.

      Yes, though I wonder if we are also talking about the harm that can come even when intentions are pure and good?

    12. but I needed a reality check, I needed to be put into check in order to truly know how to respectfully participate in this kind of humanitarian work.

      The idea of designing a research question around your own gaps or naturalized thinking is just so impressive and important to me...

    13. there will come a point where you really wish they had given you a subject and a freaking word count.

      ha ha so true!

    1. “instead, they engage in regular, low-intensity physical activity, often as part of a daily work routine,”

      This makes me feel hopeful, actually. Yes, it's a major lifestyle shift, but one that we really all could achieve...

    2. people who engaged in leisure-time physical activity had life expectancy gains of as much as 4.5 years

      That's wild. Totally amazing. Honestly, if I had read this years ago, I would have parented so differently...

    3. Every Minute of Exercise Could Lengthen Your Life by 7-8 Minutes

      OMG WE SHOULD ALL GET TATTOOS THAT SAY THIS!

    4. a 140-pound woman jogging at 5 mph burns 173 calories in 30 minutes”, but “by comparison a ‘moderate effort’ circuit training routine burns 215 calories per 30 minutes,

      That's surprising to me!

    5. Try out this balance test

      Good news!!!!!! I did this and I have at least one indicator that is LOOKING GOOD!

    6. it’s essential for maintaining your ability to live independently as you age for it has been shown to slow cellular aging as well,

      Again, I am really learning a lot here. I didn't realize this...

    7. at least 5 days a week

      I have heard some people suggest that it's ok to do it less regularly, as long as you hit the weekly amounts (for example, could I exercise for longer but only 2x per week?).

    8. Watch this video

      These embedded videos are a great addition to the article!

    9. the more muscle mass older Americans have, the less likely they are to die prematurely

      Wow. I know I have been saying that a lot, but wow. I really had no idea of this, and I feel like information like this is so important to get out there in the world. It's not just some ambiguous concept of "fitness" or "health": it's about staying alive!

    10. inactivity, in causing 5.3 million deaths per year, is comparable to smoking as far as health dangers are concerned

      That is an amazing statistic, and puts this in perspective. Wow.

    11. it was discovered that 5.3 million deaths worldwide would be removed and on average, life expectancy would increase by 0.68 years

      WHOA!

    12. More than 80% of the world’s adolescent population is insufficiently physically active

      This is sobering and I am going to share this paper with my daughter, who is 14. I think she needs to see and think about this.

    13. The term “exercise” however, takes a different meaning. Acting as a subcategory for physical activity, exercise is planned, structured, repetitive and purposeful in the sense that the improvement or maintenance of one or more components of physical fitness is the objective

      I truly never thought about this, but in terms of academic disciplines, it's helpful to think about which ones focus around activity (Adventure Ed, maybe) and which focus around exercise...

    14. The end of the Cold War is when fitness really took a turn however, after receiving the embarrassing results that 60% of children failed at least one test in muscular strength and flexibility,

      So you think this has to do with something going on historically at the time? With the cold war? Not sure what the connection is here?

    15. World War II was a huge turning point for fitness when it became aware to the public that almost half of the draftees were rejected or given non-combat positions due to their poor physical fitness performance tests.

      Wow-- that is fascinating, and interesting to consider how healthy citizens matter to a healthy and strong state...in helpful ways and maybe in some problematic ways as well...

    16. Not less than two hours a day

      Me = feeble body

    17. Benjamin Franklin supported physical activity and the incorporation of resistance training for health purposes,

      Oh Ben. His 13 virtues do focus on fitness in so many ways, and yet personally, he had such a hard time following his own rules. I FEEL YOU, BEN!

    18. Martin Luther and John Locke espoused the theory that high fitness levels enhanced intellectual learning during the Renaissance from 1400 – 1600 AD

      Interesting that one is from the world of religion and one from the world of rational logic...

    19.  long

      Your linking all of this so consistently to longevity is really waking me up...I mean, what could be more significant than adding time to your life?

    20. distinguish physical activity from exercise

      Interesting-- I never thought about this distinction myself...

    21. Plato

      I love that you start with metaphysical and existential ruminations on death, and then move to Plato... what a universal and sweeping way to engage your readers!

    1. his dog Trix

      Awwwww!

    2. Just their existence makes you want to become a better athlete,

      So interesting-- it's not even necessarily about a certain game or event, but just that mental sense of a competitor...

    3. My father was a gymnastics coach

      I didn't know this!

    4. no matter what type of athlete a person is, they cannot coach themselves. Two, without rivals, an athlete will never reach their full potential.

      So interesting. Maybe one reason I am so interested in this paper despite my general disengagement from the world of sport, is the connection I see here with teaching, and with helping students persist through trials they face as they work to complete college. Here, I am struck by the dialogic nature of coaching and teaching, and the social foundation of both sport and education.

    5. everything that can be practiced having to do with the mind, ultimately can help you in any situation.

      I might pin this up over my desk, to remind myself. Not just for athletes, really.

    6. dreams matter.

      This is an interesting mix of dreaming of the future and putting in hard work in the present. I imagine athletes sometimes come to you being better at one or the other of these, but that the key is helping them to do both in balance... Very interesting!

    7. A little stress is important to being a human being and it helps you activate a fight or flight response which ultimately keeps you sharp and on your toes.

      Fine point...but I would like to see more scientific evidence about the benefits of moderate, balanced stress...

    8. Sport is full of adversity.

      So interesting. In some ways, sport is actually about triumphing over artificial adversity, and so given that, when athletes encounter the real thing, it must be helpful to think about the skills they already have in playing their games...

    9. I like to use this example with my athletes because many do not have an understanding of the untrained mind. Like the scapula muscle, we know we have one, we just don’t see the importance of training it to enhance our performance.

      Oh my gosh great metaphor.

    10. I was humbled by the revelation that the max weight I could achieve with correct form was a 2 pound dumbbell!

      So interesting! I have a rotator cuff injury now and one of my PT exercises involves rotating my arm with NO WEIGHT and I was like, how could this possibly help me? But now that my therapist is explaining how the muscles work, how to build strength, and why inflammation is my enemy, it makes much more sense. Interesting how so much of this is less "commons sense" than it is true knowledge about the body and how it heals and works...

    11. training

      I like this idea that training is both mental and physical, and I can imagine this is something that elite athletes understand well when you ask them to consider it...

    12. how better to assist athletes reach excellency.

      I won't mark much of this, but some of the grammar here is rough, and we could work on this or the Writing Center could assist (or any peer editor). It's worth a revision just to polish up some of this so it reads more smoothly...

    1. very inspiring

      Oh my gosh yes

    2. These results suggest that group music therapy is a more effective intervention for reducing meal-related anxiety than standard post-meal support therapy in an inpatient setting

      Powerful data!

    3. Art therapy proved to be a positive experience and guided me towards living a better life.

      This is just such a powerful addition to your paper. The case studies as a whole really offer detail and shed a light on the issue, but your own story is told with such clarity and insight, it adds so much to the credibility of the paper as a whole. It's moving and inspiring, too. <3

    4. These case studies were collected in a thesis done by Elizabeth Helen Beck for the Masters of Arts in Creative Arts Therapy at Drexel University.

      Helpful to have this.

    5. The cyclops

      These images are haunting...

    6. Within the case studies that I have selected,

      I think we need source info right up front. Link? Citation? Not just the Wolf reference, but more of a narrative intro to explain where you got the info...

    7. Self-awareness is essential for any therapist.

      Or for any therapy? Not quite sure I follow you here...

    8. The results concluded that the BED group scored higher on depression and self-consciousness and lower on positive self-esteem than the NED group. This result is consistent with the negative self-awareness component of Heatherton and Baumeister’s theory. The finding is also mostly consistent with the escape from the negative self-awareness component. No between-group differences were found on dissociation in this study. Substance use turned out to be a significant, persistent variable, suggests that continued emphasize on substance use awareness and intervention at the college level is important. In relation to the two studies about anorexia nervosa body perception and binge eating negative self-awareness, eating disorders are complicated disorders that stem from internal processes in the mind. These negative mindsets make individuals with eating disorders, a lot of the time refuse treatment. The average eating disorder will last two to seven years once it has been diagnosed and the client enters treatment.

      This section is a bit confusing. I am not sure how this specific study is supposed to inform where we are headed with Art Therapy, or exactly what it is supposed to foundationally teach me about eating disorders (besides that they are complicated). I need a bot more help understanding how THIS study matters to your paper.

    9. read a journal article

      This has the unfortunate rhetorical effect of making your research seem sort of random and haphazard...

    10. The anorexic patient desires to become very small as to disappear. Which in a way is contradictory because extreme thinness is very noticeable. The anorexic patient not only pursues thinness, but also lightness. This pursuit is unrelenting to the point that lightness itself becomes heavy, burdensome and unbearable.

      So many heartbreaking and poetic contradictions here.

    11. Margaret Naumburg was a 20th century psychologist and she helped coin the term “art therapy”.

      Cool-- seems like psychology was such a male pursuit during the era, that's kind of amazing!

    12. In Guggenbuel’s Abenberg and Karl Kahlbaum’s Pedagogicum institution, aesthetic impulses were strongly applied. This impulsive progression led to the inclusion of some form of occupational therapy into practically every physical and mental health institution.

      Whoa. This is a pretty rough start! I feel like I came on board in the middle of a sentence! Maybe something a bit more contextual or broad to help me understand what I am reading here?

    1. It’s the butterfly effect,” Whitman explained

      And Steve has had an effect on me for sure... I think this is very powerful...

    2. Those are ones that can be taken one step at a time, and if you’re still interested and the money works out, the big purchases like solar or wind can come later.

      Seems like a good approach.

    3. easier said than done if you don’t have the initial cash to make a down payment on solar panels

      This is so personal to me and such a good point. Phil and I generate all of our power for heat and electricity through solar. We took a loan to install our massive solar array, but the monthly loan payment is EXACTLY the same as our propane and electricity bills were before the solar. And we will only pay those bills for about 8 years; when we are done paying off the loans, all of our heat and electricity will be free. But the huge catch is that in order to secure the loan, we needed MASSIVE collateral (equity and assets), which almost prohibited us from doing it even though we are squarely middle class. For so many people, big energy upgrades like this are totally impossible even though they actually cost no more than what we regularly pay for with fossil fuels etc. Such a corrupt and senseless system, that feeds corporate greed at the expense of our planet.

    4. altering our perspective

      Curious about how much of this inheres in the language. In other words, is there evidence that if we just start narrating differently-- to ourselves and others-- that the language shift could lead to a perspective shift, which could then lead to a change in behavior?

    5. It’s not a substitute for formal education,

      Also, I wonder if formal education could take a page from this approach and adapt its methods a bit...

    6. expect us to ditch their vehicles and walk to work. What you can do, and what does work, is target what’s stopping us from making that choice on our own, and market it in a way that we feel requires “little effort, expense, and no dramatic change in lifestyle” (zie-Mohr, 2000, p. 546).

      This makes good sense as you explain it.

    7. Maybe I’m just bitter because of all the debt.

      I am just continually struck by how the principles of sustainability could be applied to Higher Ed...

    8. opulation growth lead to increased consumption of ecosystem services
    9. Kurt

      That loneliness point was interesting... And Tim's point about how it's harder to do this because others don't seem to be doing it (so that sometimes makes me feel like "What's the point?"). Good revelations, hard questions in this video.

    10. sharing economy

      So troubling how this is getting corporatized, though. Uber is a great example of a private corporation using the ideals of the sharing economy to market a business that is essentially bad for both labor and for public infrastructure....

    11. That wasn’t the case, as Whitman explained.

      I love this not only because your perspective shifted a bit, but because it demonstrates how primary research like interviews can yield such valuable points. It's in the conversation with Steve-- the dialogue-- that your ideas begin to expand. So different from what you get from a static text...

    12. “If young people are  learning about conservation issues exclusively via the Discovery Channel, or Planet Earth DVDS, their ability to engage with nature may be limited”

      So interesting to think about the distinction between education and experience. Or maybe better: the distinction between secondary learning and primary learning. Interesting that mediated nature doesn't have the same effects on us as umediated or directly experienced nature... And that makes me wonder about all education, actually, and how applied experiences "in the field" matter to learning and to action.

    13. no direct link between values and action

      WHAT??? No way. Really?? No direct link at all?

    14. a place of altruistic concern

      Though it seems sort of in keeping with the idea of sustainability: it maybe can't be altruism as much as balance. What is good for humans is also good for the planet, so getting to a point where humans see what is better for ourselves is the tricky part...

    15. 2/3 of respondents

      Are we talking millennials here? If so, pretty impressive given the labor markets and debt that they have to cope with...

    16. Only about a third of us ages 25 to 32 have a bachelor’s degree,

      Wow-- sobering statistic...

    17. selfie with a sheep)…

      Resisting ruge to google....

    18. How do we reach something that is process-oriented? How do we know when we’ve arrived? It’s this lack of ‘quantifiability’ that makes it difficult to market sustainability as an idea because there’s no concrete way to measure our success.

      Wow this is just so interesting, and spot on in my experience in many related arenas. Especially when funding is at stake, we are generally asked to produce results, prove success, find solutions, fix problems. But as you suggest, with complex problems sometimes the "payoffs" will likely be more process than product, and the assessments and "proof" will not be as sexy as funders would like... Tough problem...

    19. Those processes can survive disruption better because there’s more accountability in the sources of the water, and we wouldn’t be putting our faith in nonrenewable sources.

      Well explained!

    20. Many followed in Carson’s footsteps, warning through the use of books, documentaries, and more recently, Facebook advertisements. The first Earth Day in 1970 was a culmination of all of these ideas and created an impetus for future policies, like the Clean Air and Water Act, the Endangered Species Act, and more recently, regulations in the EPA. Since then, sustainability has taken a front seat, and the discussion of the term and its usage is ubiquitous.

      Thinking there are lots more opportunities for hyperlinks...

    21. as industry picked up

      So interesting to think about how industrialization and sustainability are conceptually and historically linked...

    22. Considering environmental sustainability without development is like building a house in a flood zone; there’s an obvious conflict of interest, one that would be convenient to ignore.

      Nice metaphor. Helpfully explained.

    23. society, the economy, and the environment.

      Helpful-- never heard this before, and could be useful to me even in thinking of HigherEd initiatives and building sustainable public higher ed models, so thank you!

    24. Plymouth State’s Dr. Brian Eisenhauer

      I love the way you make use of local expertise in your research as well...

    25. education is what leads people out of static ways of thinking

      Wow that is an awesome definition.

    26. Key terms are hyperlinked to a glossary here*

      I'd add the word "millennial" to the glossary....

    27. Table of Contents:

      I think the TOC is somewhat cumbersome since it's not clickable...

      I didn't check this one, but there are millions of help sites like this out there that could help you on this: http://www.wpbeginner.com/plugins/how-to-create-a-table-of-content-in-wordpress-posts-and-pages/

    1. AXON could be a possible way to make money in the near future if more analysis of it is complete.

      Ok, I am looking for one more paragraph about how individual investors-- without huge resources and interdisciplinary teams-- can to the kind of analysis you have done without access to either. To balance your introduction, maybe a bit more of a conclusion that steps back from the specific companies to talk more about how these strategies can translate into steps for individuals. You do offer that a bit, but then by ending with the specific companies, you sort of leave me feeling like we don't have closure.

    2. Which is why investing is entirely a multidisciplinary and often times interdisciplinary subject

      Yes, this paper has really demonstrated this beautifully.

    3. burring

      typo

    4. In the neurodegenerative therapeutic industry

      I am also noticing how helpful it is to be an interdisciplinarian for this work. You are really learning the basics of what these companies do, and counting on that basic literacy to be able to paint a picture and a trajectory.

    5. Maybe one day WM can invest in something like this to make them a more interesting or maybe even more profitable company.

      Someday maybe this post will be evidence of how everyone should have listened to you!

    6. an economic moat

      Ha! I know what this is from reading your other posts! Makes me feel smart!

    7. I would not want to buy this company unless at a far discounted price from their market price.

      This makes good sense, and so well explained!

    8. one thousand hours

      Wow-- yes I can see the trouble for a regular individual investor like me...

    9. Martin Shkreli’s approach

      Ok, so I definitely have a freaky cringe when I see his name because of ethical concerns over drug price gouging. But I am sticking with you! Wondering if you'll talk about his bad press, or just work with his model and leave all that aside?

    10. market capitalization = shares outstanding * share price (Bodie 2017) enterprise value = market capitalization – cash + debt (Bodie 2017) net present value = (cash flow / (1 + discount rate) ^ 1 + (cash flow / (1 + discount rate) ^ 2 +…. (cash flow / (1 + discount rate) ^ t (Bodie 2017)

      Ok if you are writing for a general audience, you will need more English here. This isn't fully clear to beginners...so depends on who you want to be your audience here.

    11. twenty percent returns

      whoa

    12. most countries gross domestic product passes through different stock exchanges everyday

      I never really knew this-- quite fascinating, and really shows the power of the exchanges...wow.

    1. But the greatest Discipline is a generous helping of curiosity.

      THIS SHOULD BE OUR PROGRAM T-SHIRT AND I AM NOT KIDDING!

    2. This protects the original image as well as offers the artist a chance to change the position of the text and indication lines.

      Seems like something I see all the time now in anatomy books...

    3. thinker form

      ???

    4. Today, the officials of the Univerisity of Vienna are attempting to retrace the past and seeking buried information, in hopes that they might aid the next generation to approach these atrocities. Third generation students and scholars are morally outraged and seeking full access to the documents and locations of the victims’ remains. They hope to properly bury the victims and memorialize them.  

      A link to some of these efforts would be awesome here, since I would totally like to explore more!

    5. Requiring all Medical faculty to declare their ethnic lineage as either Aryan or non-Aryan, an action which provided the Nazi Regime with a list of those who refused to provide their ethnic background.

      Whoa. Again, I almost feel like there a whole paper to write on the connections between medical illustration, eugenics, and genocide in world history...

    6. started out in life showing an interest in music,

      Interesting that maybe that calling to the arts is what made him turn to art as part of his life as a physician...

    7. Some views in science helped foster a movement with grim intentions. Germany during the 1870’s was fighting a major war between the Second French Empire and Prussian-led  German Forces. This war caused much unification for Germany as a country, solidifying it while building tension and hostility which was a leading cause of  World War One. This seems irrelevant for this discussion on Brödel, however, the information supplies an understanding of what is to come in the future of medical illustration. 

      This is a bit muddled to me. You seem to allude to the role that medical illustration plays in war and in cultural movements (including genocide), but then dismiss it for this particular illustrator, so it seems a little weird as a paragraph...

    8. and the study of the “races,” which eventually led to many eugenics and ethnic purity movements.

      I would like to hear more about your opinion on how medical illustration bleeds (no pun intended) into culture and affects how different groups of people (women, people of color, disabled people, etc) are viewed and treated...

    9. Gray’s anatomy was a success in their day and in ours.

      :) In more ways that one.

    10. A law was passed to stop “body snatching” a term that means stealing bodies from freshly dug graves. Unfortunately, there weren’t enough hanged convicts in England to supply all the young medical students, so the government passed a law allowed for bodies found in a workhouse, or hospital, of a person who has not enough to pay for their own funeral, will be used as cadavers for the medical students. This is where they found their subjects.

      This is such stunning information. And makes me curious to know about the politics of all of this now, in the 21st century.

    11. still without the use of preservatives.

      Wow.

    12. the figured in the 18th century (particularly female anatomies) anatomical atlases are often shown piecemeal, as parts rather than whole.”

      Do you think there is a place for feminist analysis here? Is there any link between these fragmented bodies and the fragmented ways women's bodies are portrayed in contemporary advertising, for example?

    13. poet, and a playwright until he answered his true calling in life as a professor of anatomy

      Amazing to think about how hard it would to be this "interdisciplinary" these days-- the university structures would likely make young scholars choose one or the other of these areas...

    14. They called themselves natural philosophers. The natural philosopher of the eighteenth-century was controlled by patronage and attempting to distinguish themselves as true natural philosophers. However, due to the constant influence of the Anatomist, there was no credit issued to the artist of the anatomical atlases.

      I am having trouble following this. Again, I think slowing down and defining terms more deliberately (maybe hyperlinks or a glossary?) would help a lot.

    15. The foreshortening in the left leg of the figure is an exciting image, as it displays the abilities of the Renaissance artist.

      Very cool to see this start to develop historically! This is a wonderful Art History paper, as well as what it does for Medical Illustration...

    16. However, his plans were ceased by a dying Fabricius in 1616 due to a rivalry between them. 

      The grammar here is clunky enough that I can't catch the meaning, which is too bad since it's a great story and I am interested!

    17. the highest likelihood

      not sure what that means...

    18. The new tool was Lithography.

      Maybe needs more definition since this paper is clearly aimed at a general readership...and I, for one, don't know what that is...

    19. There is no information, however about how one would go about removing them.

      That made me laugh out loud...though I am not sure it is supposed to be funny. :)

    20. His Medical illustration career

      Honestly, I never knew about this part of his work, but wow-- that neck and shoulder image is spectacular.

    21. I

      TYPO but ha ha

    22. no such thing as a cross-section

      Ah-- so interesting to think of the cross-section as something that is historically produced at a certain point in time!

    23. this illustration does show a map of some of the nerves, and where they protrude from the peripheral nervous system. 

      Even in your paper, I am enjoying that the summaries are one part art criticism and one part anatomy review. I can really see how your studies in both fields have prepared you to write this article!

    24. Japanese is not a common language for most.

      ????except for those in Japan????

    25. this is most likely due to the fact that the cadaver was sat up on a stool for the illustrator.

      How odd! But I guess it would have been hard to get a good perspective from above...??

    26. This semi-schematic illustration of the eye

      awesome image!

    27. Naturalistic, Semi-schematic, and Schematic.

      Would this be a good place to define these again, or link to definitions?

    28. There were five squatting figures,

      So do these exist? How do we know these things? Could you add pictures?

    29. three treatises devoted to anatomy, one to midwifery, two each to the study of the pulse and to therapeutics, one to ophthalmology and one to dietetics. None of his works have been preserved,

      Gosh, it's amazing to think about what it would be like to have copies of those now...

    30. Human Dissection

      This section seems a bit disjointed. Can it be wrapped into the outline more coherently? How does it connect to the thing just above and just below it?

    31. This illustration was likely used to teach young hunters the best place to injure the mammoth: the heart. Though there was little understanding of anatomy and physiology at that time, this was one of the first documented pieces of medical illustration. 

      Very cool! I couldn't quite see why this was connecting to your topic, but of course-- a diagram that instructs about the anatomy of the mammoth...so cool.

    1. Cult-brands don’t create a reactive business strategy based on what their competitors do, they carve out a unique strategy all their own.

      That is something I really see in Higher Ed, and it drives me nuts. Everyone trying to "innovate" in just the same way as everyone else!

    2. and socioeconomic backgrounds

      That really can't be true, can it?

    3. ixty-four percent of all Americans now own an Apple product,

      !!!!!!

    4. H.O.G.,

      I never knew this was actually organized by Harley Davidson itself!

    5. Patagonia

      I was so intrigued by the way they have been advertising around the Bear's Ears controversy... I know lots of people who went out and bought Patagonia just because they were fighting Trump on that issue...

    6. will see approximately 5,000 advertisements throughout a single day,

      Oh my gosh. Amazing number! Though also I guess they are getting even harder and harder to disaggregate from non-ad materials...

    7. The apparent harmlessness of these cult-brands can still be in question, especially in the ways that they motivate us to buy.

      Ah yes...

    8. Star-Trek enthusiasts at a convention and the group of followers historically seen at Jonestown.

      Yes, though some might suggest that the damage that Facebook does as a "brand" is far more devastating to human culture than the Jonestown event....

    9. while the other is benign.

      Ooooo really? Excited to see where this goes, since I wonder about that....

    10. undertaking our habituation

      Not totally sure what that means...

    1. using pharmacological

      I like the fact that anxiety is treated as a "real" symptom that needs alleviating. With my mom's stroke, she suffered depression and it was really not treated or taken seriously. Research I read later suggested she should have been treated and that it could have improved her overall outcomes with speech and mobility as well. Ugh.

    2. music therapy

      After my mom's stroke, she had total aphasia and could not speak or communicate at all. But she could sing along to her favorite songs. WOW!!!!!! BRAIN IS WILD!!!!!

    3. At the facility that I work at

      I like the inclusion of the applied experience like this.

    4. falls have been known to expedite the process of the disease.

      I would never have guessed that-- seems so unrelated, but I see why it would do this now...

    5. mental stimulation

      Curious about what counts here. Reading? TV? Puzzles? Conversation?

    6. participants, who performed some level of exercise had less risk of cognitive impairment,

      Ok, I am getting off the couch as soon as I finish reading this, for real.

    7. lack of appetite and dry mouth could possibility be due to unaware of need.

      Wow. Amazing that the brain could trick the body this way...

    8. This can be both good and bad.  For example, a resident may eat lunch but once lunch is all cleaned up and everything is out of view they question when lunch will be served.  As a staff member tries to redirect them and alert them they have already eaten some of the residents take it as an insult to their memory and become agitated. 

      Wow-- such a delicate dance you must be doing all the time. Reminds me of this beautiful podcast: http://www.radiolab.org/story/121385-bus-nowhere/. Seriously, LISTEN TO THIS IF YOU HAVEN'T ALREADY!!!

    9. lost doing their own everyday activities or may even forget what they were doing altogether.

      I do notice this so much more as I age, and I wonder how I can tell the difference between normal aging and the early stages of dementia. But I am also struck by the fact that "normal" brains do have some of these problems-- the line between diseased and healthy is not always totally rigid maybe...there is some interesting crossover...

    10. Alzheimer’s Disease Archive by Ask Doctor K

      Your image formatting is weird, and it's really rough here because it disrupts the text...

    11. slow the overall progression.

      that sounds encouraging...

    12. toileting, bathing, mobility, and feeding.

      So interesting to see how the cognitive skills and motor skills relate and intertwine... I guess neurology is really about both. I really saw this in the aftereffects of my mom's stroke: there's no fully separating the limp and the speech and the memory and the depression...

    13. chop

      chalk, I think...