24 Matching Annotations
  1. Oct 2016
    1. Traditional campus indoor spaces, by necessity and function, provide ample opportunities for structured learning experiences that draw upon students’ direct attention. However, a student’s learning experience is not often balanced by unstructured or structured opportunities for drawing forth effortless, indirect attention that occur in human-nature interactions (Valles-Planells, et. al, 2014)

      Even if we try to act as if what surround us doesn't affect how we act, our surroundings play a huge role in our actions and even in our education as it is argued in this piece.

    2. Most American universities are situated on large number of acres (up to 28,000 acres) and function like miniature cities in their complexity of urban-natural configurations to provide a dynamic sensory experience

      I've been to many universities that are not large in size, but they still function like a small city so size is does not really affect how they function. Their operating system is what determines how they function.

    3. Interaction with natural environments (especially green nature) employs faculties of concentration not normally used – involuntary ones – thus allowing the neural mechanisms underlying directed attention a chance to rest and replenish.

      Some people like having things on standby just in case they want to use it and this is the case with the green spaces. Sometimes, professors want to do things out of the ordinary and take class outside.

    4. Subsequently, we expand the campus ‘learning environment’ to also include a university’s open space, we also include in our definition of nature, the concept of a “landscape.” Valles-Planells, Galinan, & Van Eetvelde (2014) define a landscape as a “holistic, spatial, and mental dynamic entity, which is the result of people-place interactions” (p. 1).

      This phrase says "we" as a generalization of everyone and i disagree because everyone has different interpretations of landscape.

    5. As an influential landscape designer of early campuses, Fredrick Law Olmstead worked with the philosophy that the physical landscape features had a direct impact on shaping human behavior, and offer students an active, experiential education versus passive or theoretical learning.

      In this part of the class, I now know that this quote is really true because we have been studying in this class how landscapes affect human behavior.

    6. By preserving and suitably integrating open spaces into the green infrastructure, universities can add value and quality to the campus environment by: forging a campus identity, creating a sense of community, curbing escalating campus density, serving social and recreational needs, providing environmental benefits, and facilitating fundraising and recruitment of both faculty and students (Griffith, 1994).

      I think that it is unfair for students to have to pay more for their education based on the looks of the school rather than the quality of their education.

    7. Today the campus open space still remains a significant center for teaching and learning for students in natural resources management, sustainability/ecology, agriculture, forestry, etc. and more recently, a focus on environmental education and sustainable practices (Painter, et. al., 2013).

      Once again, a lot of students won't focused on these characteristics unless they are in a special field or unless students really care about open spaces for recreational activities.

    8. The advent of land-grant institutions through the Morrill Act of 1862 required new buildings to be built with laboratories and observatory space for agricultural, technical education, and scientific research (Eckert, 2012; Turner, 1984).

      Unless students are going into a major that requires the use of laboratories, students won't pay attention to the quality of their school's laboratory.

    9. The college experience is a stimulating and demanding time in a student’s life where a multitude of curricular and extra-curricular situations require frequent and heavy use of direct, focused attention and concentration (Wentworth & Middleton, 2014).

      The college life is one of the most exciting experiences that a person will have in their life. In both small and big campuses, there are always actives happening on the daily basis and many students look for a campus that is correctly built for these activities.

    10. Well-designed and connected networks of indoor and open spaces on campuses can be key, yet typically overlooked catalysts, in student learning and a strong influence on students’ initial and longstanding experiences that promote a sense of belonging to the learning community (Boyer, 1987; Greene, 2013).

      Now that I think about it, if a student plans to live on campus, the design of the building is really important to him or her because those buildings will be the buildings were they will spend their college careers.

    11. Americans expect a university campus to look different than other places (Gumprecht, 2007) and that the campus “expresses something about the quality of academic life, as well as its role as a citizen of the community in which it is located” (Dober, 1996, p.47).

      If you plan to attend a university or college outside of your home city or state, then you should expect a difference in design. However, if you plan to attend a university or college inside your home city or state, the design will remain the same for the most part.

    12. Therefore, we propose that the natural landscape of a university campus is an attentional learning resource for its students.
      • As a student, I pay more attention to the quality of the education that I am receiving. Is the landscape really important when you’re getting an education?
  2. Aug 2016
    1. Social norms encouraged some to threaten undesirable persons with violence if they were to enter or remain in certain spaces.

      Why do people always look at violence as answer?

    2. In some neighborhoods, people can park on the street only if they live in the neighborhood and have a residential parking permit or are given a guest permit by a resident.

      In my opinion, I do not see this a segregation. I see this more as respect for the resident of that neighborhood. That resident is paying to live there and we know that anyone with money can buy a house wherever they want. As long as you have money, people won’t pay much attention to your race.

    3. It was not illegal to tear apart poor neighborhoods at the time that urban renewal was in full swing, and the resultant features of the built environment are now hard to change

      Just because something is not illegal does not mean that it is correct.

    4. Research shows that the opposition to transit is often motivated by the desire to block access by certain “undesirable” people who ride transit (for example, people of color and the poor).

      We have seen segregation on public transportation for a long time now but does it still continue today? It continues today because older generations still have the same point of view that they did years ago and they pass this point of view to the new generations.

    5. The strategy, according to police, was that “buyers would fear ‘driving all over looped streets, stopping and turning around, trying to find drugs with the possibility of having their nice cars, their jewelry, their money ripped off as they look.’”

      Stereotypes are imbedded into people’s head so much that we believe them. However, we all know that they are not true. Just because a neighborhood has some criminals living there does not meant that every single person that is living there is a criminal. Take for example police officers. As we all know, they are some officers that have acted wrong in the past and because of this, people hate police officers now. We know that all police officers do not act in a wrong way, but just for a small number, we misjudge the rest of them.

    6. Although these walls are generally put in place by private developers to keep out those whom they do not want to access their communities, local governments have the power to prohibit these barriers

      It is no secret that the private owners are wealthy people. However, that is not the problem. The problem is that the government has the power to stop it, yet they allow it to continue. Just because a person is wealthy does not mean that they should be powerful; sadly, this is the world that we live in.

    7. Historically, the Federal Housing Administration (FHA) provided financing for a new development project only if the neighborhood was sufficiently residential and racially segregated.94 In the case of the Eight Mile Wall, the FHA would not finance the new housing project unless the wall was constructed because the FHA believed that the proposed new development was too close to an existing black one.95

      The level of racism was so high during this time and it still is today that it amazes me that really important corporations such as the FHA would support segregation in such a way.

    8. Moses set forth specifications for bridge overpasses on Long Island, which were designed to hang low so that the twelve-foot tall buses in use at the time could not fit under them.81 “One consequence was to limit access of racial minorities and low-income groups”—who often used public transit—”to Jones Beach, Moses’s widely acclaimed public park.

      The fact that people would actually take their time to design and build bridges with these specifications and purposes amazes me. But then again, hate for someone can be so big and common that I just do not know what to expect anymore.

    9. By including these features in a common interest community, a developer can deter unwanted potential residents—generally poor people and people of color—from buying homes in that development

      This issue is not common only with home buying, it is common in all aspects of buying. You can see this issue in clothes shopping, technology shopping, automobile shopping, and even food shopping. The higher quality goods will always be higher than those of less quality because the people behind those goods aim at a select market where people of color are supposedly not present.

    10. That a highway divides two neighborhoods limits the extent to which the neighborhoods integrate. That a town has a square, easily accessible with a diversity of shops, increases the integration of residents in that town

      I never really paid attention to why cities or towns are built the way that they are until now. If the opportunity for integration in a town or city is taken away by architecture, then no one will truly do anything to integrate people or communities. However, if cities and towns are designed in a way were a variety of people can interact, then the citizens will take initiative in integrating because it is easier for them thanks to the way their town or city is designed.

    11. 43 They tend to make decisions that focus on urban infrastructure needs without considering the impact that such decisions might have on citizens.

      This is a problem that is common in our present society. Big companies are always look for their benefits and they don’t care what they have to do or who they have to harm in order to achieve their goal. This is plain unfair to the people who do not have a voice in these type of situations.

    12. However, a number of social scientists and planning scholars have argued that “monumental structures of concrete and steel embody a systematic social inequality, a way of engineering relationships among people that, after a time, becomes just another part of the landscape.”

      In my opinion, I do not see this a symbol of discrimination. I have worked in construction before and the construction use the material that is best for that particular job. If the material usage was a symbol of discrimination, then experts would have to argue that leather shoes and canvas shoes embody a systematic social inequality.