8 Matching Annotations
  1. Jun 2022
  2. May 2022
    1. Compensation refers to the typical manner in which a person seeks to overcome challenges. For example, if one breaks their arm, they learn to function with a cast, or if one loses their eyesight, they learn to use a cane or work with a seeing-eye dog (Dreikurs, 1950; Mosak & Maniacci, 1999).

      Is compensation the same as adapting? When we are faced with changes we learn to compensate or adapt in order to survive.

    1. personality can be viewed as the dynamic organization within an individual of various psychological factors that determines the person’s characteristic thoughts and behaviors.

      In this week's video assignment research overview paper Allport's definition of personality holds true but is also challenged by the cultural dynamics of acceptance based solely on the psychology of societal external images

    2. Is our personality inherited, or are we products of our environment? This is the classic debate on nature vs. nurture. Are we born with a given temperament, with a genetically determined style of interacting with others, certain abilities, with various behavioral patterns that we cannot even control? Or are we shaped by our experiences, by learning, thinking, and relating to others? Many psychologists today find this debate amusing, because no matter what area of psychology you study, the answer is typically both! We are born with a certain range of possibilities determined by our DNA. We can be a certain height, have a certain IQ, be shy or outgoing, we might be Black, Asian, White or Hispanic, etc. because of who we are genetically. However, the environment can have a profound effect on how our genetic make-up is realized. For example, an abused child may become shy and withdrawn, even though genetically they were inclined to be more outgoing. A child whose mother abused alcohol during the pregnancy may suffer from fetal alcohol syndrome, the leading cause of preventable mental retardation, even though the child was genetically endowed with the possibility of being a genius. So the best perspective may be that our genetic make-up provides a range of possibilities for our life, and the environment in which we grow determines where exactly we fall within that range.

      Our genetic make-up is pre-determined. Our external and even certain genetic mutations but the environment plays a huge role on how each of our personalities are shaped, validated, molded and how we perceive ourselves and accept ourselves.

    3. ach of us contains an inherent drive to be the best that we can be, and to accomplish all that we are capable of accomplishing. Rogers and Maslow called this drive self-actualization. Interestingly, this concept is actually thousands of years old, and having spent time in China, Rogers was well aware of Buddhist and Yogic perspectives on the self.

      Self-actualization believing in oneself and becoming our best is a process, but some people never have the opportunity to become their best due to culture, environment, upbringing and the lack of basic necessities.

    4. self-actualization.

      Self-actualization is a less animalistic approach than that of Freud's view of aggression but in order to become one's best self isn't the ability to protect oneself in order to accomplish certain successes in life necessary. Studies prove it is necessary.

    5. heories were based on individual case studies, and this critique is one that we will see several times in this book.

      Individual case studies assist in the theory of gathering constructs or concrete perspective of the whole

    6. persona

      Persona and the definition is one of the easiest descriptions to remember because our personalities are made up of several emotions and characteristics.