62 Matching Annotations
  1. Mar 2018
    1. the right of self-determination, the right of privacy, the right of physical integrity, and the right to live

      rights of the mother

    2. Jane English persuasively argues in "Abortion and the Concept of a Person" that even if the fetus is a person, abortion may be justifiable in many cases, and if the fetus is no person, the killing of fetuses may be wrong in many cases

      too many loopholes; study jane english

    3. The fetus may be a human life form but it hardly seems to be a person

      brings back argument of personhood of a fetus

    4. The killing of human life forms is prohibited. A fetus is a human life form. The killing of fetuses is prohibited

      changes when you change the wording

  2. Feb 2018
    1. killing in self-defense is not prohibited

      use this in cases of rape

    2. abortion is not allowed since homicide is prohibited

      1, like Adams

    3. Gillespie stresses in his article "Abortion and Human Rights"

      look this up

    4. significant differences between the developmental stages


    5. faces severe problems


    6. advantage of the extreme liberal view

      more understandable to those using the word "personhood" because offspring is far from developed at the stage of a zygote

    7. advantage of the extreme conservative view

      definite start and finish to human life

    8. gradual process from being a fetus to being an infant where the fetus is not a human being but a human offspring with a different moral status


    9. there is a morally relevant break in the biological process of development - from the unicellular zygote to birth - which determines the justifiability and non-justifiability of having an abortion


    10. relevant date is at birth or a short time later


    11. claim that human personhood begins immediately after birth or a bit later


    12. homicide


    13. Some opponents (anti-abortionists, pro-life activists) holding the extreme view, argue that human personhood begins from the unicellular zygote and thus – according to the religious stance – one should not have an abortion


    14. moderate views which lie between both extremes


    15. extreme liberal view


    16. extreme conservative view


    17. Is abortion morally justifiable? Does the fetus (embryo, conceptus, and zygote) have any moral and/or legal rights? Is the fetus a human person and, thus, should be protected? What are the criteria for being a person?

      exactly my argument against Adams

    1. when abortion-rights activists still were claiming that "no one knows when life begins."

      is this not true? how can we really define when a human life starts? is it the heart or the head that defines a true life?

    2. "The life of each human being begins at conception. Abortion will terminate the life of a separate, unique, living human being."

      words of the law

    3. optional ultrasounds constitute a threat to women's rights

      by PP

    1. Only the birth of the child can provide healing

      what if the mother ends up hating that child?

    2. When a woman is raped she has a constitutional right to an abortion. And the rapist has a constitutional right to life. But the unborn baby has no rights whatsoever

      by law, the embryo is never a fully formed baby

    3. the woman, if granted the right to kill one person, should be entitled to kill the rapist

      so killing should be allowed?

    4. “It is wrong to force a woman to give birth to a baby after she has been a victim of rape (or incest, which is usually statutory rape).”

      argument 6

    5. abortions in the 200th trimester

      abortion is termination of an embryo, not a full grown man

    6. confront abortion choice advocates with the question of whether it is permissible to kill to eliminate poverty

      is it killing?

    7. “It is wrong for a woman to be forced to give birth to a baby she cannot afford.”

      argument 5

    1. I agree that there are far too many handicapped people in the world

      that's not the argument that pro-choicers are trying to make.

    2. “It is wrong for a woman to be forced to bring a handicapped baby into the world.”

      argument 4

    3. liberals take responsibility for this unmitigated disaster

      does it not even matter that 3/4 of the presidents at this time (Nixon, Ford, Reagan) were republican and probably did nothing to mitigate the effects or issues of child abuse?

    4. The very idea that we would murder children to prevent child abuse, which usually takes the form of simple battery

      there is so much wrong with this single sentence I can't even really fully function right now. "simple battery" you'd rather a child be beaten possibly to death or insanity than terminate an embryo's life before it can even comprehend the color of its mother's uterus? I'm shocked

    5. always, someone else who would want to adopt the baby

      give data about the number of unadopted children and children suffering in foster homes/child slavery, etc

    6. dead

      were they alive in the first life? what determines human life? a heartbeat or consciousness?

    7. “It is wrong to force a woman to bring an unwanted baby into the world.”

      argument 3

    8. “Back alley abortions will increase if abortion is illegal.”

      argument 2

    9. Doctors will not even perform abortions until six or seven weeks into the pregnancy – in order to protect the health of the mother.

      is it more important to protect the health of the mother or the health of the child?

    10. my

      argument 1

    1. ; in the case of fetal deformities; when the pregnancy is a consequence of a rape or incest; or when the pregnant woman is a girl or a teenager

      how will different religions in the region react to this? "at any stage in the pregnancy"

    2. easing restrictions for when the mother is in extreme poverty or doesn't have sufficient resources to support a child; when she already has three or more children; or if she is still studying

      Latin American countries today are making big steps in loosening their grip on reproductive rights

    1. Neil M. Gorsuch to the Supreme Court.

      research Neil M. Gorsuch w respect to abortion

    2. Congress passed the Freedom of Access to Clinic Entrances Act in 1994, which made blocking the entrances of places providing abortion counseling or services a federal offense punishable by fines and imprisonment.

      is this even enforced by government workers today?

    3. Many supporters of abortion rights claim that restrictions on abortions have a negative impact on the poor, especially in less developed nations.

      lack of resources and education; is it that population's fault that there is an increase in unplanned pregnancies?

    4. The allocation of government funds continues to be a focus of the abortion debate.

      e.g. planned parenthood and private funding/government spending

    5. cruel termination of what they consider to be a viable human life

      when does life truly begin? when the heart starts beating? when consciousness forms?

    6. In Roe v. Wade (1973), the US Supreme Court ruled that the Constitution protects a woman’s right to an abortion through the end of the first trimester, or the twelfth week of pregnancy. After twelve weeks, a woman’s access to abortion may be restricted based on the discretion of the states, as well as the level of risk that the pregnancy poses to the woman’s health.

      important for beginnings of issue within subject of abortion, and separation of powers with respect to state and federal jurisdiction

    7. State legislatures have enacted laws to restrict and regulate access to abortion. Several of these laws have been challenged in federal courts, with some laws, such as the denial of state funds for the procedure, being upheld.

      states regulate/restrict, nation funds

    8. were not restricted by law until Connecticut passed the first anti-abortion law in 1821.

      what initiated this law, and why?

    9. Court’s decision determined that an unborn fetus is not a person in the legal sense

      what constitutes a "person" by law?

    10. The point at which viability is achieved during a pregnancy remains a topic of debate.

      viability and point at which life is achieved are both sources of debate

    11. Some of these laws included provisions that required the examination rooms in which the procedure would be performed to be a certain size and width.

      unnecessary laws that would restrict ability to perform abortion without being blatant

    12. laws

      abortions must take place a certain distance from a hospital or medical facility

    13. may condone abortions in cases of rape or incest
    14. Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment guaranteed such a right

      to privacy

    15. By 1967, forty-nine states and the District of Columbia had classified abortion as a felony crime in most cases.


    16. Health care professionals caution that medical abortions should not be confused with emergency contraception, a type of birth control pill used after unprotected sexual intercourse that serves to prevent, not terminate, pregnancy.

      medical abortion is not the same as "morning after"

    17. pregnancy.

      by pill

    18. *define