31 Matching Annotations
  1. May 2021
    1. lthough the demand to defund the police may have had its specific origins in Minneapolis, Kaba understands that the growing curiosity about abolitionist politics is rooted in something much broader. She said, “People are frustrated by the way that the welfare state has completely been defunded. People don’t have what they need to survive. And yet the military and prisons keep getting more and more and more.” Contrary to the beliefs of their critics, abolitionists are not impervious to the realities of crime and violence. But they have a fundamental understanding that crime is a manifestation of social deprivation and the reverberating effects of racial discrimination, which locks poor and working-class communities of color out of schooling, meaningful jobs, and other means to keep up with the ever-escalating costs of life in the United States. These problems are not solved by armed agents of the state or by prisons, which sow the seeds of more poverty and alienation, while absorbing billions of dollars that might otherwise be spent on public welfare. The police and prisons aren’t solving these problems: they are a part of the problem.

      A key part of this excerpt for me: "... crime is a manifestation of social deprivation and the reverberating effects of racial discrimination ...."

  2. Jan 2021
    1. But if Schmelzing is right, his chart simply tells the story of the technological maturity of capitalism. In the long run, as I argued in Postcapitalism, it means there are just not going to be rates of return to sustain an economic model based on markets and private ownership.

      Another "unthinkable" notion. cf. Amitav Ghosh, The Great Derangement: climate change and the unthinkable.

  3. Dec 2020
    1. It should look to create a common language of care (a reverence for and a commitment to the astonishing fact of Being) through which it could begin to create alternative principles by which we might live. As Leo Tolstoy wrote in his famous essay “My Religion,” faith is not about obedience to church dogma, and it is not about “submission to established authority.” A people’s religion is “the principle by which they live.”

      "the astonishing fact of Being"

    2. In accepting science as our primary weapon against environmental destruction, we have also had to accept science’s contempt for religion and the spiritual.

      This is one key takeaway from this piece.

    3. Our culture’s assumption that there is virtue in work flatters us into thinking that we’re doing something noble (“supporting our families,” “putting food on the table,” “making sacrifices”) when we are really only allowing ourselves to be treated like automatons. We all have our place, our “job,” and it is an ever less human place. We are diligent, disciplined, and responsible, but because of these virtues we are also thoughtless.

      Questioning the nature of work -- we need this discussion.

    4. intellectual conscience.

      preach it!

    5. A more adequate response to our true problems requires that we cease to be a society that believes that wealth is the accumulation of money (no matter how much of it we’re planning on “giving back” to nature), and begin to be a society that understands that “there is no wealth but life,” as John Ruskin put it. That is the full dimension and the full difficulty of our problem.

      This is another idea that needs serious thought.

    1. Al Gore’s An Inconvenient Truth may have distressing things to say about global warming, but subconsciously it is an extended apology for scientific rationality, the free market, and our utterly corrupted democracy.

      This is a statement worth serious thought.

  4. Oct 2020
    1. The tragedy of the private, in short, doesn’t come from the private as individual, but from the private as ownership, as control over land, resources and others. To own was always less about protection of the self than it was about exclusion of others.

      Another example of the dead-end of "us/them" thinking.

    1. what information science and librarians have long known: data is always about the past and not the future; data is always an imperfect and biased record, encoding the values, beliefs, and ideas of its creators; and incorrect interpretations and uses of data harm people in unequal ways.4

      This also needs to inform data science curricula.

  5. Jul 2020
    1. In 2019, a study conducted by Stockholm University found that one of the only uniform impacts of climate change was on forecasting, which has become more difficult.

      One of the key claims in this report.

    2. As the atmosphere has continued to warm, lofting ever more moisture into the air, it has also begun to expand, increasing the air’s capacity to absorb ever greater volumes of moisture, not unlike a gas tank that grows in size as you pump more gas into it. And because water produces heat as it condenses at altitude, the added moisture accelerates the process further. Based on the study’s local weather stations — one of which was erected on the farmer Lenardon’s land — Nesbitt knew that the atmosphere in the province was already demonstrating signs of this cycle, including spikes in evaporative moisture. But as he pointed out, moisture and heat are merely values of potential energy. They tell us that the sky, like our drying forests, is rapidly becoming an ocean of fuel, but they don’t tell us where and when it might ignite — much less what, exactly, might spark it.

      "Moisture and heat are values of potential energy ... the sky ... is becoming an ocean of fuel."

  6. Apr 2020
    1. Carbon intensive industries, and not poor populations, are the primary culprit of the climate crisis.

      And carbon intensive living practices are also how we are where we are w.r.t. climate warming. The two-volumes of William Vollmann's Carbon Ideologies lay out how we got here, without letting any of us off the hook.

  7. Mar 2020
    1. Performance Patterns

      "Performance" here means a performance of a particular task or set of tasks. Or the enactment of a set of procedures to effect a change in a system or a system and its environs.

      It is not to be confused with task performance metrics associated with speed or efficiency of actions. (This is a more usual engineering usage for "performance".

  8. Sep 2017
    1. Essentially, we are encouraging a definition of openness as a process rather than a set of conditions that need to be met. It is an adaptive and dynamic process, and one that is always changing.

      Seeing openness as an "adaptive and dynamic process" is a key insight. It enables reflective action and practice development.

    2. our students and early career researchers are the ones we need to work with. They have a different future to look forward to and I’m really pinning hope on the next generation – that they will create a different world.

      Yes. This is an important direction. And I have more than hope; I know that they will build a different world for knowledge production, access, recognition, and preservation.

  9. Dec 2016
    1. “metadata” about our reading — broken spines, dog-eared chapters, marginalia.

      Metadata is physical, technical, and social, just like human society (yeah, I know society is more than that ....).

  10. Dec 2015
    1. Huff goes on to say that it is not enough to know simply that a certain tool is required. To have confidence in a tool, one must also know its history. What version of the tool is available? When was it released? What are its certifications? These are important questions. Confidence in the output of a package is based on confidence in the ingredients.

      Provenance information regarding software tools required for software certification.

    2. A Description of the Software Assembly Line

      The basic idea of specifying system ingredients and recipes, and repeated clean builds, seems to remain useful today (2015). [Note: I am author #2.]

    1. A Scientist, His Work and a Climate Reckoning

      An example of what it means to create and record high quality measurements. It takes time and effort and focus. Quality measurements cost money.

    1. A Safety Net for Scientific Data

      A short article that highlights several aspects and issues regarding the long-term preservation (and re-use) of research data.

    1. But the essence of his scientific legacy was his passion for doing things in a meticulous way. Itexplains why, even as challengers try to pick apart every other aspect of climate science, his half-century record of carbon dioxide measurements stands unchallenged

      An example of what it means to create and record high quality measurements. It takes time and effort and focus. Quality measurements cost money.



    1. Data curation is critical for scientific data digitization, sharing, integration and utilization

      This sentence assumes that there is a well-known and agreed to meaning of "data curation". The content of the paper does provide examples of what might be curation activities.



    1. The WHO’s International Agency for Research on Cancer weighs the strength of the scientific evidence that some food, drink, pesticide, smokable plant, whatever is a carcinogen. What it does not do is consider how much that substance actually increases your risk for actually getting cancer—even if it differs by magnitudes of 100.

      The article highlights two issues with research data. One is significance. Risk assessment requires a context to be useful information. Another is how classification can lead to confusing inferences.

    1. We propose linked open data as enabling a more interlinked and easily navigable scholarly environment that would permit: better integration of research materials with primary and secondary source objects and datasets; the potential to bridge but also address the specificities of the nomenclature, discourses, and methodologies of humanities disciplines and sub-disciplines; and the ability to respect institutional and individual investments in ownership or credit of resources by allowing for identifiable collections of data while fostering resource interlinking.

      The proposed benefits apply to all research domains, not just Humanities.

    1. Science is not about certainty. Science is about finding the most reliable way of thinking at the present level of knowledge. Science is extremely reliable; it’s not certain. In fact, not only is it not certain, but it’s the lack of certainty that grounds it. Scientific ideas are credible not because they are sure but because they’re the ones that have survived all the possible past critiques, and they’re the most credible because they were put on the table for everybody’s criticism.

      This notion can be hard to understand: reliable but not certain.

    1. Edwards, A Vast Machine, p. 489, fn 15. A short and informative description of climate reanalysis data issues. I think it is illustrative of data issues in other domains and projects.

    1. An intentional provocation, but the idea that theory is not needed is attractive. A better project is to construct a better understanding of both theory and data.

    1. Making research data available for others (everyone?) to view, reuse, and build on is a key requirement for scientific work in the 21st century. This article highlights how much and how fast data can become lost.

  11. Oct 2015
    1. the conceptual framework that I used in the 1990 paper, one that relies on partially excludable nonrival goods, is the bare minimum for answering them.

      Romer lays out and clarifies the concepts needed to think about the economics of ideas. His thoughts are key to enabling understand of the current open-access and open-science endeavors.