24 Matching Annotations
  1. Feb 2017
    1. Students spend most of their tightly structured learning time indoors

      Maybe the outdoor structure provides a balance for students, to be able to unwind from working to acheive good merits and meet expectation expected of them.

    2. Student-nature interactions during study breaks help restore attention

      The outside environment of the classroom seems as if it can help students recuperate from the strains of accumulated academic responsibilities and help student gain some sort of inner peace subconciously.

    3. Interaction with nature, in particular, can help to maintain or restore cognitive function such as direct attention, problem solving, focus and concentration, impulse inhibition, and memory, which can become depleted from fatigue or with overuse

      I believe that Georgia State and other campuses that consist of an urban setting with minimal greenery, I think that the rushes and busyness of Atlanta is inspiring enough to be productive around campus.

    4. Early American colleges and universities were self-sufficient and often built in rural locations with dormitories, dining halls and recreation facilities

      It can be inferred that university campuses established around this time was able to have plenty "green space". unlike today, where universities thrive in rural as well as densely-populated, urbanized locations.

    5. holistic

      Define Holistic

      "characterized by comprehension of the parts of something as intimately interconnected and explicable only by reference to the whole." (google)

    6. Well-designed and connected networks of indoor and open spaces on campuses can be key, yet typically overlooked catalysts, in student learning and a strong influence on students’ initial and longstanding experiences that promote a sense of belonging to the learning community

      This makes me think about the infrastructure of a college classroom or lecture hall as well as libraries and how all the buildings at Georgia State University are interconnected through open spaces.

    7. Therefore, we propose that the natural landscape of a university campus is an attentional learning resource for its students.

      This is the main focus of the journal. Throughout the text the writers discuss and support this claim.

    8. Americans expect a university campus to look different than other places

      I believe that people expect a university to have an academic feel to it. The reason for a scholarly atmosphere could be because of the landscape, along with the people there going about their day.

    9. Kathleen G Scholl, Gowri Betrabet Gulwadi

      note: I had to search for external sources to be able to find information that can provide the writers with credibility.

      Scholl: https://coe.uni.edu/departments/school-health-physical-education-leisure-services/faculty-staff/kathleen-g-scholl

      Gulwadi: https://csbs.uni.edu/sahs/interior-design/faculty-directory/gowri-betrabet-gulwadi

    10. Recognizing Campus Landscapes as Learning Spaces

      "Recognizing Campus Landscapes as Learning Spaces" is a scholarly article that discusses the significance of the design of a college campus having the ability to somewhat "make or break" the ability to have a holistic learning experience. The article suggests that the interactions between students and the natural "green space" provided on college campuses help to set a positive perception of their experience of higher education, and for them to be able to avoid attentional fatigue and encourage efficiency in the learning environment due to the effects of natural stimuli on campus. The writers argue that when done correctly, the physique of a higher educational institution should do more good than harm by subconsciously setting students attune to the environment around them.

  2. www.histarch.illinois.edu www.histarch.illinois.edu

      According to the article, these men fought in the war to protect the country, were freed, and given property. If there was some "respect" for them at the time, then why deem them slaves at their graves only to mention they were freed later? Why not simply "FREED MEN" or even "SOLDIERS"? Because of the fact that they were black.

    2. Mud-wall-and-post construction is reminiscent of West African building methods, although it did occur in the Anglo-American tradition at an earlier time.

      This ties into my point about Africans still having a grip on their cultures even after being taken away from their homes and being forced to assimilate. The evidence shows us that both African and European lifestyles have transfused at the time because of artifacts found in the home.

    3. What degree of African cultural survival can be detected and described when dealing with the material remains of African Americans at an earlier time in the country's history?

      I find this question interesting because it appears as if the men have brought their culture along with them to America and continued to embrace it regardless of being Americanized and given European names.

    4. Both sections of the footing showed extensive evidence of fire. Melted window glass, heavy charcoal and ash deposits, and large numbers of nails all attest to the house's having burned in place.

      Investigating little archaeological details such as these can aid in painting a picture of what was here before. It also shows how artifacts in the physical word can tell just as many stories as information written on a piece of paper.

    5. Such a seeming conflict is not at all uncommon when dealing with informants, and the discrepancy is mentioned to illustrate - 197 - that complete agreement among all sources is rare indeed.

      The collections of oral histories can be a bit risky at times because they are passed down by "word of mouth". As people continue to transfer these histories to others, they have a tendency to change in one way or another. Similar to the childrens' game "Telephone". In Telephone, a message is passed along a group of people. As the game progresses, it is inevitable that the message changes because of the different perceptions of the players. This relates to oral histories being passed over the years because a story can easily be changed depending on who tells it, and what they've heard.

    6. If we were to rely only on the documentary sources for our knowledge of the life of the four men who lived at Parting Ways, we would have little on which to proceed.

      The men had very little documentation. The things learned about our four men were synthesized from other external things along with documents, such as archaeological evidence from the home.

    7. Were it not for Howe's having served in the Continental Army, we would know hardly a thing about him

      It seems as if it took fighting in the war for Cato to be documented enough for Deetz to be able to create a coherent picture of who he was. Had he not fought in the war, He would've been known as nothing more than a former slave due to lack of representation for Africans

    8. Total Value: 27 dollars.

      In reference to today's currency, 27 dollars is not nearly enough to support oneself. Because of inflation/deflation the worth of the US dollar has changed significantly through time.

    9. Our knowledge of Cato Howe and his fellow blacks of Plymouth comes from two sources: Fragmentary written records give us a partial picture, lacking in important details. A complementary body of information has been gained by excavating the site of the tiny community in which Cato Howe lived until his death, in 1824.

      I wonder how archaeological evidence can last so long? from artifacts from ancient egypt, to artifacts not so ancient like these.

    10. If archaeology is a vital contributor to our understanding of all of America's common folk, and what their life meant to them, it is doubly so in the case of our understanding of the black experience in America. Prior to the various emancipation actions, beginning in Massachusetts in 1783 and continuing into the nineteenth century, blacks - 187 - were chattels, property to be disposed of in any way their owners saw fit. People who held such a status could hardly be expected to have recorded a history of their own in any conventional way, although the strength of oral tradition has preserved more than we might hope. Piecing together black history on a local level is a fascinating and often frustrating process of assembling fragments to form a coherent whole. To gain a true understanding of the story of a people, it is best to detail a picture of their life within a community and then relate that to the larger world.

      It can be seen how frustrating it is to synthesize the histories of individual black people due to the social statuses they were forced to be apart of. because they were seen as easily disposable, maybe it was believed for there to be no point in documenting the lives of Africans the same as the average white man

    11. Battle of Bunker Hill

      The Battle of Bunker Hill was a battle fought during the revolutionary war that transpired in 1775. This time period is upon the era of slavery and normalized dehumanizing of african people. some of them fought as soldiers in the war, including Cato.

    12. Cato Howe is not a name we will find in our history books.

      Because of the lack of proper documentation for minorities like howe, it is hard to understand who he really was besides that fact that he was a former slave. Aside from the information that he was a veteran, we cannot really dig up much about who he was on a more intimate level.

    13. James F. Deetz

      Chronological history of James Deetz: http://www.histarch.illinois.edu/plymouth/JDeetzmem5.html**

    14. Parting Ways

      Summary: Like a puzzle, Deetz's "Parting Ways" conveys how the author attempts to synthesize fragments of archaeological and oral history to form a coherent portrayal of the identities of four former slaves. Through archaeological research, Deetz sifts through evidence to unveil general information about these men. Although the evidence he compiles is enough to give us basic knowledge about the men, it is extremely difficult to thresh out more personal information due to the lack of documentation because of their socioeconomic statuses.