29 Matching Annotations
  1. Sep 2020
    1. here is an unmistakable lackof reported and accessible data on the racial and ethnic com-position of those infected with COVID-19

      This article was written in April, and since then, there has been a significant amount of information shared regarding the racial and ethnic composition of those infected.

    2. NationalCommission on COVID-19 Racial and Ethnic HealthDisparities, a dedicated body to envisage essential recourseand mobilize to action the necessary safeguards.

      I appreciate this as a first step in taking action towards the bigger issue. However, I have not yet heard of this committee being created, and after doing a google search did not find anything. It is frustrating that this need was identified in April, yet there is still no action taken in September.

    3. thatDemocrats

      Interesting to see how even this issue is treated with a partisan lens.

    4. over 50% of thedata missing on race and ethnicity on the COVID-19 laboratorycase reports received by the Department.

      Having 50% of the data on this topic missing makes analysis of this information more difficult.

    5. unmistakable lackof reported and accessible data on the racial and ethnic com-position of those infected with COVID-19.

      This article was written in April, and since then, there has been a significant amount of information shared regarding the racial and ethnic composition of those infected.

    6. accept the myth of Blackimmunity to Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)

      I had not heard about this idea of Black immunity. It is really interesting to consider the role that this theory played.

    7. follows a similar trend in which there are missingrace and ethnicity dataon laboratory reports

      This seems like an issue that should be addressed if it is seen in other diseases as well. However, I believe there are certain guidelines surrounding people's privacy and them opting to not share this demographic information.

    8. concern is that Blacks tend to live in close communities and aninfectious agent has the ability to spread amongst this groupdue to proximity. The culmination of Blacks maintaininggreater disease burden, higher poverty rates, limited healthcare access, higher rates of jobs in service industries wherethey are less able to work from home

      Important to consider all of these larger social trends.

    9. which some Blacks did not consider that theycould be affected by a disease that initially emerged amongstgay White men in America.

      I did not realize that this mindset existed surrounding the HIV epidemic. There are many patterns of behavior that are seen in response to different infectious diseases.

    10. Subsequently, various unsubstantiated reportsemerged declaring that the genetic constitution of Blacks oreven the presence of melanin rendered Blacks immune to thevirus.

      During COVID-19, there have been many myths surrounding the virus. Due to the large role that media plays in our lives, I find it interesting to consider how much an effect these articles had on people's understanding of the virus.

    1. people of color had higher rates of health conditions, were more likely to be uninsured and face barriers to accessing health care, and were more likely to have lower incomes and face financial challenges.

      Possible factors in explaining the disproportionate effect on minorities.

    2. face increased barriers to testing.

      Barriers to testing and slow test results have been major factors in the continued spread of COVID-19. It would certainly make sense if low access to testing was also a factor in why communities with higher percentages of minorities have increased community spread.

    3. Black individuals accounted for more cases and deaths relative to their share of the population in 30 of 49 states reporting cases and 34 of 44 states reporting deaths.

      I should look into which states were reporting higher levels of Black cases and deaths relative to the share of the population to see if there are any other trends that appear.

    4. current gaps in COVID-19 and health care more broadly

      I think it is important to recognize the issues with healthcare beyond those specific to COVID-19 to be sure that they are addressed in order to prevent this from happening in the future.

    5. reflect and compound longstanding underlying social, economic, and health inequities that stem from structural and systemic barriers across sectors, including racism and discrimination

      It is interesting and important to consider how the inequities seen during COVID-19 reflect longstanding issues within our society.

    6. nursing homes where a higher share of residents are people of color are more likely to report a COVID-19 case. Studies also find disproportionate shares of infection among Hispanic and Black pregnant women and a higher risk of hospitalization among Black and Hispanic children.

      These trends are seen across the board-- from children to pregnant women to nursing homes.

    7. disparities in COVID-19 related deaths persist across age groups and that people of color experience more deaths among younger people relative to White individuals.

      Interesting to note that this is seen in all age groups, and that age is not a confounding variable.

    8. early August 2020

      When referring back to this article, important to note that it only has been updated through early August.

    1. uneven geographic distribution of preventive care services or the concentration of respiratory hazards and toxic sites in low-SES, minority-heavy areas.

      Important factors to consider.

    2. “weathering,” or advanced aging caused by bodily wear and tear from fight-or-flight responses to external stressors, especially racial discrimination

      This is such an interesting theory

    3. primarily “racial” — and therefore of concern only to supposed minority interest groups — has been used to rationalize neglect and funding cuts.

      This is a great point. I think we often do not think about the larger effects of these beliefs and neglect and cutting funds are huge consequences of this.

    4. “territorial stigmatization,”

      This is certainly something that I have seen in news reports regarding COVID-19.

    5. Granularity of data allows more fine-grained analyses

      Important to consider this when evaluting cities.

    6. more thorough collection of racial data,

      Involvement of goverment officials.

    7. who were black were more than twice as high as the proportion of blacks in the overall population.

      Always important to note how this data reflects the population demographics.

    8. racial disparities and upstream forces such as economic inequality, which carry widespread societal consequences, we can also guard against future cynical — and dangerous — political attempts to frame Covid-19 as largely a problem of minorities.

      Another great point-- so important to guard against these attempts to claim that COVID-19 was a problem of minorities and to instead consider other factors.

    9. multidisciplinary critique of biologic definitions of race has shown that remnants of such thinking persist into the present.

      I have seen other articles and statistics on this. I actually saw a statistic that showed an alarmingly high number of medical students possess these types of beliefs. These biases need to be eliminated because they have a huge impact on the care provided.

    10. contextualize such data with adequate analysis. Disparity figures without explanatory context can perpetuate harmful myths and misunderstandings that actually undermine the goal of eliminating health inequities

      This is such an important point! Data being misconstrued and interpreted incorrectly is a huge issue.

    11. experience of past epidemics

      For example, the third plague pandemic.