- Oct 2020
d. The meaning of pan-Africanism was therefore contested between the Garveys and the Du Boises and the Washingtons (yes, Booker T., whose support of several pan- Africanist organizations is deserving of greater scrutiny), a strug- gle of personalities and regionalist claims that, ultimately, was sad- dled by the broader political discourse privileging the nation-state (thereby encouraging both xenophobia and a degree of parochial- ism antithetical to pan-Africanism) and by the lure of succes
Interesting dilemma: Pan Africanism became popular amongst Afro-Americans in the North, but it also held a variety of views amongst Afro-Americans, which caused political discourse - discourse that only benefitted White America
its vital concern with the plight of Black people, as well as others, and the corresponding effort to marshal learning, fashion intellectual arguments, and in- deed create movements and institutions for the purpose of address- ing their need
Reminder that Afro-American studies focuses on plight and liberation of all Black people
the similitude of conditions for Blacks in North America and Haiti further cemented the relatedness that they shared in a commu- nity of blood and circumstance
Slaves in North America shared similar conditions and experiences as slaves in Haiti, and were therefore connected. This connection also impacted the African-American diasporic experience.
father, speaks to configu- rations of space, as their very presence underscores the permeable and otherwise artificial nature of political maps and boundaries and points to the larger context of the Black ex
Again highlights the important roles time and space played in the Black diasporic experience and in their quest for independence
s fears, attributable perhaps to Hurston's origins in all-Black Eatonville, Florida, where White intercession was more indirect and circumstantial than direct
Key distinction between DuBois and Hurston: DuBois was more directly impacted and influenced by white culture, which is why he writes with some self-doubt, while Hurston was raised in an all-Black community and expressed more pride.
This connects to Ira Belrin's essay on time and space: DuBois's origins occurred in a different time and space than did Hurston's - socially and culturally - and that affected the way in which they wrote about the Black experience.
. In contrast, the only images of the African's descendant was the coon, the shine, the buffoon, and the object lesson dangling from a tr
Black people were always portrayed as inferior and less than human, which contributed to some Black people internalizing their own oppression and inferiority, thus leading to double-consciousness.
learning about himself and herself, about her native potential, her intelligence, her beauty, her historical contributions, her social standing and value to society, and her future prospects through the prism of American r
Here, Gomez re-emphasizes DuBois's definition of double consciousness: Black people felt lost as they could only define themselves through their existing feeling of inferiority to white people. Racism in America did not allow for Black people to educate themselves.
It also relates to why Black people are tired of having to constantly think about their race in order to just be and feel existent in society. They have to always deal with the social construct and pressure of their race impacting how they have to live and maneuver in society.
hich in the case of Black women becomes triple con- scious; indeed, the quantification of the condition is a function of the variability of identity and its performance and is therefore ex- tendable to multiples of prime
For Black women, they not only faced racism and displacement, but also sexism. They had to render with their intersectionality and unique racial-sexual experiences during slavery.
Their intersectionality thus creates the triple-consciousness mentioned.
s: Africa, once lost, has yet to be recovered; whereas America, as an ideal, has yet to bec
Speaks directly to the difficulty Black people face in finding autonomy; they were displaced from their homeland and enslaved in America, a place that never cared about their human rights.
Again, this shows the relationship between Black people's diasporic experience and their feeling of double-consciousness
connected as they were not only by affinities of blood and culture but by their common relationship to an emerging global capitalism and their subjugation to regimes of colonial and impe- rial design.
DuBois connected the African-American struggle with the broader international fight against capitalism, colonialism, and imperialism.
All people were oppressed by those 3 systems of oppression
The resulting disorientation is indeed the defin- ing feature of the African diasporic experience in North America, the notion of irreconcilability at the core of the dilem
This touches on the diasporic experience of Black people enslaved in North America. Their forced migration and separation from their culture and homeland contributes to their feeling of disillusionment and double-consciousness.
on, this double-consciousness, this sense of always looking at one's self through the eyes of others, of measuring one's soul by the tape of a world that looks on in amused con
The double-consciousness here refers to the African-American struggle in finding and defining their own identity while having to confront other people's perception of them because of their race. It's the struggle of being African and American, and how they each represent two different dynamics of being Black in a social, cultural, economic, spiritual, and political aspect.