15 Matching Annotations
  1. Oct 2016
    1. The preservation of open space is vital to the maintenance and effective functioning of a quality university learning environment

      The authors brought up their claim again in the conclusion to remind readers. For me, the article was quite repetitive and at some points I read the words without fully capturing the content. But I do understand their claim for the importance of nature on college campuses.

    2. traditional instructional classrooms (where students’ direct attention is most required) that are primarily structured for the visual mode of learning (e.g., whiteboards on designated walls, seating that faces the instructor)

      Traditional form of learning is also vital, it is like going back to the basics. Traditional learning can help with the hollistic learning also. I believe both are important, it is just some need to use one form more than the other. I would like to use the hollistic form but I need the traditional form more at times.

    3. Indoor (mostly built) Views to outside areas or wall photos/ murals Foliage or flowering plants indoors Greenhouse used for botany classes Plants within buildings Living laboratories Indoor fountains, aquariums Size, shape and location of windows Density and proximity of buildings Management of outdoor areas Quality of indoor and outdoor lighting

      I work better in the indoor nature settings because it is more private and not too overwhelming. I am not a fan of bugs and grass makes me itch so I enjoy being inside even though I still appreciate nature. Having plants and other natural resources inside is a great balance.

  2. Sep 2016
    1. Nature can be labeled as a non-human physical feature such as an individual plant or butterfly.

      Nature is plants, animals, and landscape all together. I see it as the original form of the world. Nothing man made or altered by anything unnaturally.

    2. one fifth of a student’s time is spent in the classroom, contributing about one quarter of the total learning variance

      I tend to learn better by experience or from other people which usually happens outside of class or even school as a whole. Also reading or doing problems on my own is better than sitting in class and having a teacher tell me what to do. Sometimes separating the classroom from education helps the information become more easier to understand. Maybe because there is less pressure or because there is more freedom to learn in your own way.

  3. Aug 2016
    1. Communities also rely on other confusion techniques to keep people out, or to make it hard for them to find their way around an area.

      It is easy to get lost in Los Angeles. All the different freeways can confuse tourist. My mom and I got lost in LA trying to get food and gave upon the restaraunt after a hour looking for the right freeway and exits.

    2. I-880 in Oakland

      The streets in Oakland are raggedy with potholes and dips. But as you get closer to San Leandro which is the city over, the roads are much better with cleaner streets. And i used I-880 on a daily basis to go everywhere.

    3. For example, the concrete barriers and bollards that exist throughout the streets of Berkeley, California, were installed to calm traffic;110 however, the barriers do this by preventing people from driving down the streets on which they are placed.

      When I use to drive to Berkeley, I would get frustrated with all the barriers, one way streets, and limited parking.And there would still be traffic around 4pm-6pm during the week.

    4. libertarian paternalism

      It is where an institution can affect human behavior but still allow people to make their own decisions.

    5. Social norms encouraged some to threaten undesirable persons with violence if they were to enter or remain in certain spaces.

      When African-Americans would protest and do sit-ins at segregated lunch counters, some white people would spit and curse at them or even beat them. http://learning.blogs.nytimes.com/2012/02/01/feb-1-1960-black-students-and-the-greensboro-sit-in/?_r=0

    6. This Article examines the sometimes subtle ways that the built environment has been used to keep certain segments of the population—typically poor people and people of color—separate from others.

      The article How We Built the Ghettos by Jamelle Bouie breaks down ways that low income black citizens can be grouped and put in unsafe and more crowded areas. http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2014/03/13/how-we-built-the-ghettos.html,

    7. and he could not understand why the Court could not see that message.

      The Court probably did see the message, many of the people in the system might have even agreed to segregation or inequality. Ignoring the obvious signs is a way of agreeing to the injustice. Not everyone with political power are unbiased or fair.

    8. Supporters of this measure argued that it would ostensibly reduce traffic and noise, in addition to promoting safety.

      It is basically a form of covert racism by using excuses to keep minorities away from the all white neighorhood. They are trying to hide their fear of non-white citizens.

    9. make it difficult for individuals from poorer areas to access their neighborhoods.

      Like redlining in real estate where lower class individuals are denied the opportunity to live in middle or upper class communities. Many times they are not even shown the neighborhoods that are around a "higher" class because of their financial status.

    10. Walls, fences, and highways separate historically white neighborhoods from historically black ones.

      Like Jim Crow where some believed that it was a way to be separate but equal. But in reality it causes more unnecessary tension with no equality.