9 Matching Annotations
  1. Jun 2024
    1. students use Wikipedia extensively, probably more than any other social group.

      This is not true, because there are universities in America that will take points off if a student is caught using Wikipedia.


    1. The reliability of Wikipedia

      No one, including me, should have to prove himself or herself to anyone else. Talking about the "reliability of Wikipedia" and allowing people to freely come on the website and enter any information that they wish to enter is very dishonest to readers because there is no truth, for example, about the real past, for example, why people from one country look different from people from another country, instead of something made up.


    1. Scientists Think So

      I don't think that Wikipedia is a reliable source because anyone can go on Wikipedia and change information that is already entered, which is why it shouldn't be used. If it was used by scientists, then information on it should only be allowed to be changed by certain people, like book publishers, who always publish 2nd and 3rd editions and other editions of the books they already published. 


    1. Sometimes an information source will benefit in some way (usually financially, but sometimes politically or even emotionally or psychologically) if that source can get you to accept certain information rather than the pure and objective truth. For example, many sites that sell “natural” products (cosmetics, vitamins, clothes) often criticize their competitors for selling bad, unhealthy or dangerous products. The criticism may be just, but because the messenger will gain financially if you believe the message, you should be very careful–and check somewhere else before spending money or believing the tale.

      This is very true. No one should be allowed to gain money in any way without telling the pure and objective truth, just the same way that no instructor should give D or F grades to any student, including me, in any way for him or her to repeat courses that will put them on the borderline of being kicked out of school for financial gain for the instructor and the school only. This is why racial classes of individuals should not exist because it gives one set of people permission to look good and even join with another group, but they take advantage and scam another group, and because the other group is smaller, the majority wins because people are depending on votes, which should not have taken place at first. Everyone, including me, should believe in the book of life for everything and should have their names, including mine, in the book of life. 



      You are being redirected. . . (n.d.). https://gracevalley.org/sermon/is-your-name-written-in-the-lambs-book-of-life/#:~:text=We%20read%20in%20Revelation%2020,fire%20and%20remain%20there%20forever.

    2. Good looks are not evidence of credibility.

      It is very true that good looks are not evidence of credibility, and no one, including me, should be deceived and naive to believe a website, anything, or anyone has high credibility based on their looks. Scammers can create websites for people to believe that they will get hired, and then when he or she signs up, he or she gets a message saying that they will be paid first with sums of money equal to and/or above $500, and then a fake check is sent to them. When deposited, it looks like money is being added to their account, and then in a few hours or the next day, the same amount of money is withdrawn from their account. And banks like Bank of America put up signs in their advertisements about how they will protect you from fraud, but in the case of fraud, they won't actually protect you; they will want you to pay the money back to them that is withdrawn from your account, especially if it is below $0, and tell you lessons learned. To be true, in America, no one is walking up to you to be your friend and protect you all along. The reality is that you are all alone. No one, including me, should learn lessons after losing something valuable. 


  2. May 2024
    1. We read terms of service, consider the ways that our identities are tracked to maximize goals that might not be in our best interests, and imagine ways that our digital identities could be exploited. Students leave the course with a critical eye toward digital environments and those who own those environments, but begin to think of the web as a space where the possibility of self-expression exists.

      Hi Everyone,

      Digital citizenship is important for:

      1. Future-Readiness: In order to be prepared for future academic and professional endeavors, students should be competent and moral digital citizens, given the growing reliance of both higher education and the workplace on digital technology.

      2. Safety: Knowing how to communicate online securely lowers the possibility of running into hazardous circumstances or acting recklessly.

      3. Integrity: Developing an awareness of digital ethics aids students in realizing the significance of being truthful and upright in their academic endeavors.

      4. Participation: Being an effective and responsible member of the community is essential for being a good digital citizen in a society where many social issues are debated and resolved online.

      There are a lot of new things that I learned here, especially about the colleges that I have never been to, although I, like others, cannot and should not go to every school in the world, and I will only go to the ones that are best for me, recommended for me, and/or the ones that I choose, which others should also do. I agree with the issues covered in the case study because it talks about our identities being tracked to maximize goals that might not be in our best interest, which should not happen to anyone, including me. Also, it is a very bad thing if a person's digital identity, including mine, is exploited, and that should not happen to anyone, including me. We, including me, can all express ourselves on the web, but we must be careful when doing so because it can harm and destroy our future, as well as the future of others. Just because we, including me, are energetic on day one, it doesn't mean we should not ruin it by posting something online or in the media somewhere else on that same day that in the future we will regret, because not everyone is supported by 30 people; sometimes we are only supported by one person, or sometimes we only have to support ourselves, which is a very tough thing to do, which no one, including me, should go through.



      Digital citizenship + liberal Arts = students empowered for life. (n.d.). EDUCAUSE Review. https://er.educause.edu/articles/2017/6/digital-citizenship-liberal-arts-students-empowered-for-life

      Team, L. (2024, January 31). Digital Citizenship in Education: What It Is & Why it Matters. Learning. https://www.learning.com/blog/digital-citizenship-in-education-what-it-is-why-it-matters/#:~:text=Future%2DReadiness%3A%20As%20higher%20education,future%20educational%20and%20professional%20pursuits.

    1. More than 7,800 students in all the academic levels tested were presented with information in social media, news articles, and comments. The study discovered the following:82 percent of middle school students couldn’t tell the difference between sponsored articles and real news stories.Most of the high school students didn’t bother to verify where photos online came from and blindly accepted the photos’ stated contexts.Many high school students couldn’t tell the difference between a real news article and a real-looking fake news article on social media. In fact, in one particular example, more than 30 percent of high school students tested thought a post claiming to be from Fox News was more reliable than one actually from Fox News.Out of the Stanford college students that were tested, more than 80 percent couldn’t identify biased content from independent news sources supported by groups like lobbying firms as being less reliable than a mainstream news source.John, who teaches a class called Media Effects, tries to instill in his students a sense of critical thinking when they look at any sort of media.“When it comes to my class, I want them to know right off the bat that it’s okay to question any type of communication,” John said.John gave an example of a hypothetical situation he uses in his class to illustrate media bias. In the example, two news stations both cover a snowstorm, but one focuses on the hazardous road conditions, and the other focuses on kids playing in the snow.“With a news story, they tell you what they feel are the important details, but what’s important will depend on perhaps the opinions of the news director that day or the prominence of the people involved,” John said. “All of these things that come together to determine newsworthiness. There’s room for opinion and there’s room for bias because whenever we’re dealing with human beings, we’re dealing with bias.”John also uses this example to make a point that it’s important to be media literate.“A media literate person would recognize that (each story) is one area at one point in time, but that there’s more going on,” John said. “And so media literacy requires some level of activity on the part of the viewer.”Sara Van Tuyl, a history teaching major, interns at Timpview High School teaching U.S. History to juniors. As part of her teaching, Van Tuyl makes a point to educate her students on how to evaluate historical sources and news sources.“When we do those activities we make sure that when they look at modern sources, they are forced to corroborate them,” Van Tuyl said.After the Stanford study was published, the Stanford History Education Group published a website with tools teachers can use to teach young students about media literacy and civic reasoning. Van Tuyl uses some of these tools when teaching her high school students.“I think a lot of the Stanford University tools that they give us are very useful because some of the things they offer are specifically designed for historical thinking, and historical thinking skills are necessary to critical thinking of modern news and events as well,” Van Tuyl said.Through teaching how to evaluate historical and modern news sources, Van Tuyl hopes she can help the students learn how to make informed decisions.“My goal is that by the time I leave this class my students are able to look at news sources and whether or not they agree with them they’re able to recognize how to verify the source,” Van Tuyl said.”These kinds of things are important for them to learn as they go forward because in a couple of years they’ll be able to vote.”According to a Nieman Reports article from Spring 2017 entitled “Can News Literacy Be Taught?”, another group in Bethesda, Maryland called the News Literacy Project is working to improve media literacy. The group, led by former Los Angeles Times reporter Alan Miller, also creates tools for educators to teach media literacy to students. Additionally, they are working on producing public service announcements on fake news and news literacy.Kris Boyle, assistant professor of news media at BYU, thinks there have been good and bad impacts of social media on accessing and evaluating news. On one hand, social media has made news more accessible to people, but on the other hand, the increased volume of news in social media has made it a little more difficult to evaluate.“There are individuals who take at face value what they see in social media as real news,” Boyle said.As a college professor, Boyle feels it’s his role to educate his students on how to be good journalists who use reliable sources in their stories. By doing this, they can help other Americans become more media literate and gain their trust.“That’s kind of why I really immerse myself in what I do at BYU,” Boyle said. “Because the students here at BYU get the type of training that makes them good, solid journalists and truth-seekers and disseminators that can provide the truth and accuracy in terms of what they share.”Tips for being more literate. (Laura Spilsbury)

      Hi Everyone,

      The data cited in this article is very reliable. I learned something new. I believe that the students did show a lack of media literacy because they were probably possessed to believe things that are not true, which they, including me, should not be possessed to believe. There are people who are not media literate because when someone does something and is told to stop, they do not fully stop, like when someone else said that the person who was told to stop doing an action called them a name, the person who they are complaining to says, "But you are that person," and then it makes the complainer believe that he or she is less than or more than certain definitions that the complainer should not even come across in his or her thinking, so that makes it difficult for them in the outside world to even think that real news is fake news, which no one should think because it is not all for one person or one group of people, all is for everyone. No one, including me, should live a lie. 


    1. Sharing and reuse of teaching and learning materials (open educational resources) including courses (open courseware) and textbooks (open textbooks)

      The value of this open practice for my learning is that it has helped me get textbooks for free that I need to pass all my courses, especially when they are from OpenStax.com

      The link for OpenStax.com is: https://openstax.org/


  3. www.literacyworldwide.org www.literacyworldwide.org
    1. For example, teaching digital skills would include showing students how to download images from the Internet and insert them into PowerPoint slides or webpages. Digital literacy would focus on helping students choose appropriate images, recognize copyright licensing, and cite or get permissions, in addition to reminding students to use alternative text for images to support those with visual disabilities.

      Hi Everyone,

      So digital skills, which everyone, including me, should have, are learning how to get images from the internet, and moreover, the capacity to utilize digital devices, such as computers and smartphones, to search, assess, use, share, and create material, is known as digital skills. When it comes to digital literacies, everyone, including me, should be literate and digitally literate. Digital literacy is using what is appropriate and correct to convey information, especially from one person to another. 



      What are digital skills & why are they important? (2024, May 2). UNLV. https://digitalskills.unlv.edu/digital-marketing/what-are-digital-skills/