23 Matching Annotations
  1. Feb 2018
    1. Other critics are concerned that lobbying reform will negatively impact special-interest groups that lack large amounts of capital, while lobbyists representing financially powerful groups will be unaffected. Some reform legislation contains restrictions that make it difficult for nonprofit or public-service groups to employ lobbyists while maintaining their nonprofit status. Financially dominant groups, however, would be able to hire part-time lobbyists and thereby avoid the registration restrictions.

      current reform efforts are ineffective. As a country we need to get creative

    2. The high-profile case called the behavior of prominent legislators into question and led to increasing concern about corruption.

      no real reform passed until the issue was out of hand

    3. The majority of professional lobbyists were employed by the shipping, merchant, and agriculture industries. The public perception was that lobbyists were a tool of financially powerful organizations, which led to increased suspicion of corruptio

      this sentiment holds true today. If it is true, it needs reform

    4. Unsatisfied with the efficiency of this method, some groups began to employ individuals to visit Washington, DC, and communicate their wishes to Congress

      lobbying is a kind of amped up version of petition

    1. earmarks

      What are these?

    2. This loss in confidence is not limited to a single party or ideology; rather, it cuts across the spectrum.  It is a perception bred by recent Congressional failures and scandals, which I need not chronicle here.

      lots of people assume this to be a liberal point of view, but it shouldn't be

    3. Mr. President, today I am pleased to be joined by Senators Feingold, Collins, and Lieberman in introducing a bill to provide greater transparency into the process of influencing our government, and to ensure greater accountability among public officials.

      did he achieve these goals?

    4. t would require greater disclosure of lobbyists’ contributions and payments to lawmakers and entities associated with them, as well as fundraising and other events they host

      addresses one loophole, the fundraiser loophole

    5. senior congressional staff

      title senior has to do with pay not experience. Often staffers will take pay cuts or decline raises in order to escape these sanctions.

    6. Members and staff would also have to post the details of their privately-sponsored work trips on-line for public inspection.

      aiming for more transparency

    1. About two-thirds (67.8%) of released prisoners were arrested for a new crime within 3 years, and three-quarters (76.6%) were arrested within 5 years.

      This stat shows rehabilitation is clearly an afterthought.

    1. President Obama created new lobbying rules that placed restrictions on his staff’s ability to lobby the White House after leaving employment and prevented aides from working on matters they had lobbied on prior to coming to the White House. The new rules also prevent aides from approaching agencies that were the target of their prior lobbying efforts, and prohibit lobbyists from giving gifts to any member of the Obama administration.

      aimed at countering job offers proposed to lobbyists

    2. Federal Regulation of Lobbying Act (2 U.S.C.A. §§ 261, 261 note, 262–270 [1946]).

      How much have these reforms held up

    3. Unlike voters, who each get one vote, lobbyists vary in their degree of influence.

      very often powerful lobbyists can be involved in corrupt pracitces

    4. lobbying provides a forum for the resolution of conflicts among often diverse and competing points of view; provides information, analysis, and opinion to legislators and government leaders to allow for informed and balanced decision making; and creates a system of checks and balances that allows for competition among interest groups, keeping any one group from attaining a permanent position of power. Lobbyists can help the legislative process work more effectively by providing lawmakers with reliable data and accurate assessments of a bill’s effect.

      a definite, indisputable pro of lobbying

    1. The day after the midterm elections, CNN reported that, according to national exit polls, voters were concerned about corruption and ethics in government more than any other issue.

      corruption in America takes place between money and interest groups and, and capitol hill.

    2. The bill would prohibit all gifts from lobbyists to lawmakers and their staff

      including job offers?

    3. evolving door

      When ex-politicians go into lobbying and vice versa.

    1. As companies became more politically active and comfortable during the late 1980s and the 1990s, their lobbyists became more politically visionary. For example, pharmaceutical companies had long opposed the idea of government adding a prescription drug benefit to Medicare, on the theory that this would give government bargaining power through bulk purchasing, thereby reducing drug industry profits. But sometime around 2000, industry lobbyists dreamed up the bold idea of proposing and supporting what became Medicare Part D—a prescription drug benefit, but one which explicitly forbade bulk purchasing—an estimated $205 billion benefit to companies over a 10-year period.

      example of a direct benefit to business from lobbying efforts

    2. Many began by hiring their first lobbyists. And they started winning. They killed a major labor law reform, rolled back regulation, lowered their taxes, and helped to move public opinion in favor of less government intervention in the economy.

      The interests of business owners are clearly overrepresented in congress. This is not a coincidence.

    3. rather than trying to keep government out of its business (as they did for a long time), companies are now increasingly bringing government in as a partner

      may lead to corruption

    4. Things are quite different today. The evolution of business lobbying from a sparse reactive force into a ubiquitous and increasingly proactive one is among the most important transformations in American politics over the last 40 years

      return to gilded age activity under a cover of legal lobbying

    5. One has to go back to the Gilded Age to find business in such a dominant political position in American politics

      buying influence in politics