7 Matching Annotations
  1. Sep 2016
    1. That a highway divides two neighborhoods limits the extent to which the neighborhoods integrate. That a town has a square, easily accessible with a diversity of shops, increases the integration of residents in that town. That Paris has large boulevards limits the ability of revolutionaries to protest. That the Constitutional Court in Germany is in Karlsruhe, while the capital is in Berlin, limits the influence of one branch of government over the other. These constraints function in a way that shapes behavior. In this way, they too regulate.

      The placement of things such as highways and shops can affect and control how communities behave and interact with one another whether they are all strangers to one another eliminates chances of protests or any wants for change to be made

    2. At the most general level, it is not controversial among planning and geography scholars to assert that the built environment often is constructed in a way that furthers political goals.

      Like gerrymandering/ redistricting to get more votes and change the barriers of communities to benefit them. Such as separating rich communities from poor ones or more black communities from white communities by the use of redistricting.

    3. monumental structures of concrete and steel embody a systematic social inequality, a way of engineering relationships among people that, after a time, becomes just another part of the landscape.

      A physical barrier between communities that becomes so normal it's dismissed as even being wrong and leads to no form of change being done about it letting just become "just the way it is" in life and fades to the background.

    4. Regulation through architecture is just as powerful as law, but it is less explicit, less identifiable, and less familiar to courts, legislators, and the general public

      It's amazing how architecture can regulate communities in ways such as getting jobs, or where one can buy items or spend their time, gain new experiences .Even to the extent of people never really knowing what is outside their own community.

    5. Wealthy, mostly white residents of the northern Atlanta suburbs have vocally opposed efforts to expand MARTA into their neighborhoods for the reason that doing so would give people of color easy access to suburban communities.

      I always wondered why the MARTA wasn't more expanded, it just shows how they wanted to keep their communities the way the were and were so opposed to increasing the chances of integration or having any interaction with the black community. But why have they still not expanded the station today?

    6. Associate Professor of Law, University of Maine School of Law.

      authors profession

    7. Street grid layouts, one-way streets, the absence of sidewalks and crosswalks, and other design elements can shape the demographics of a city and isolate a neighborhood from those surrounding it. In this way, the exclusionary built environment—the architecture of a place—functions as a form of regulation; it constrains the behavior of those who interact with it, often without their even realizing it.

      Schindler addresses more ways the law and architecture found ways to place restrictions on black communities.