49 Matching Annotations
  1. Dec 2020
  2. Aug 2020
    1. enables the organisation and its key stakeholders to understand, influence and shape the project’s scope and direction early on in the planning process

      Key stakeholders understand better the different influences at play which helps to scope the project.

    2. business products

      Maybe the business product is a public service good.

    1. appraising coverage levels of infrastructure services

      Assessing the value of the services that infrastructure projects will have.

    2. panacea

      a solution or remedy for all difficulties or diseases.

    3. This is especially true as infrastructure often carries a high price tag, paid by citizens

      It's important to remember that it always comes back to citizens' tax dollars

  3. Jul 2020
    1. find ways to hand the subject over to the learners to do something with it

      Make the learning material practical in some way

    1. guarantees, insurance policies, or hedging mechanisms under which, for a fee, the provider will agree to compensate the concessionaire (or its lenders) in case of default and/or loss due to some specified circumstance

      Guarantees, insurance policies, etc are ways to ensure that people still get their money or don't have to pay a lot if something goes wrong. The third party helps to soften the financial blow from different type of risks

    2. An alternative option is to assign some part of the project risk to a third party through a credit enhancement or risk transfer instrument.

      When the risk on either the private company side or the government side is unbalanced and may result in negative impacts, a third party entity may bear the risk; this is where credit enhancement or risk mitigation comes in

    3. level of risk allocated to the private party is too high, lenders may increase their lending rates or reduce their willingness to lend to the project to the point where the project becomes unviable or not bankable

      If too much risk is put on the private sector lenders may be less unwilling to lend to the project or increase their lending rate (probably increase the interest on a loan)

    4. The overarching goal is to align the profit incentives of the private parties with the government’s objectives for the project.

      I can see aligning the private sector's goals with the governments goal to provide a public service as sometimes challenging.

  4. Dec 2019
    1. How can educators use SA tools to support student learning?

      Do educators know that SA exists? What needs to happen to stakeholders to emphasize the importance of virtual social learning to educators?

    2. Formal incentives inspire students to annotate

      How does intrinsic vs extrinsic incentivation impact students engagement with Hypothes.is?

    3. Social annotation helps students feel connected

      Is it possible for students to feel disconnected through social learning?

    4. What about social learning helps students learn?

  5. Sep 2019
    1. Another study found that white teachers were 30 percent less likely than black teachers to predict a black student of theirs would graduate college.

      Black teachers were 70%more likely to believe their students would graduate from college

    1. We will work with partners to identify and apply evidence-based strategies and tools that support quality teaching and student learning.

      Potential technology-based solutions

    2. lack of skills reduces job quality, earnings, and labor mobility.”

      earnings, ability to move in between different jobs (labor mobility)

    1. child-centered play therapy intervention

      What - child-centered play is an exmple of EBT

    2. black and Latinx students

      Who - minority students

    3. 49,000 students, and more than 4,100 of those students are receiving ongoing,

      Who - the 49,000 students

    4. eight to eleven percent of all children in DC

      Who - young students (the target population)

    5. District of Columbia Public Schools Mental Health Team,


  6. Jul 2019
    1. blended trainings by combining elements of live learning (webinars & live chats) with aspects self paced learning (activities, final projects, & discussion forums) as well as merging the online and the offline (meetups & luncheons)

      Blended learning seems to be a major aspect of TechChange's approach to learning in the digital era.

  7. Jun 2019
    1. “When multiple similar objects are present, the one that differs from the rest is most likely to be remembered!”

      Von Restoff Effect

  8. Mar 2019
    1. Begin with task analysis and field studies to understand your users’ needs and workflows. Prototype and test low-fidelity ideas to rough out the essential structure of your app and its features, without committing many resources towards ideas that you will revise or abandon as you learn from your users. Design iteratively, and test each change with a small number of users. The more iterations, the better your application will be.

      1) Essentially do usability test and observe users in the environment in which they would be using the technology

      2) Prototyping and testing low-fi ideas allows you to get a structure down but not committing to specifics 3) Iterations

    1. to set standards for investment

      What does this mean?

    2. The report commended school districts for increasingly demanding interoperability from vendors, but also recommended that the industry agrees on set data standards.

      Systems need to be better connected. It is less cumbersome on the teachers and save the schools time and money.

    3. school-based computer labs and classroom devices,” the authors write, “China and Indonesia rely heavily on more recent advancements in mobile technology and affordable mobile data, allowing them to create access at home and promote the large-scale use of EdTech for learning and test preparation.”

      U.S. focuses on more class-based and lab technology implementations but in developing countries and China there is more mobile-based edtech initiatives. This allows users to do more at home.

    4. Edtech ecosystems are becoming better developed by schools developing better achievement standards

    1. Cait Holman, Associate Director for R&D

      She sounds like an interesting point of contact. I wonder what research on her looks like? Does she do a lot of analystics type of stuff or is it more qualitative?

    2. “Milton-Bradley Model: For Ages 8 to 88”

      Is the implication that this model is accessible to people from different backgrounds? What does this mean exactly?

    3. first ever University of Michigan Teach-Out Academy.

      This just happened last Spring. Quite fresh. There is a lot of room to modify and enrich the experience of future participants.

    1. offline society

      "Offline Society" I like this phase. It should be included in the language about the teach-outs. Most logically, related to the actionable items section.

    2. We see the project as a meaningful dialogue based on listening and mutual respect rather than a one-way platform for our academic expertise.

      I think this should be a goal of all of the teach-outs

    3. joint teach-out will showcase a selection of individual voices and personal narratives of those from Puerto Rico affected by the crisis

      I think that this is important. It's nice for the audience to view and experience the voices and experience of people. I wonder how this can also be applied to other teach-outs. Maybe the teach-out on climate change for example could involve a visit to a local farm. Farmer(s) could be interviewed and that material could enrich the conversation. I puts a face on the issue. Climate change alone is not inspiring enough but when the face by someone who is drastically impacted by it is a child or low-income farmer, it has a more impact.

  9. Feb 2019
  10. Jan 2019
    1. beginner’s group. Although students in both classes found the app easy to use and helpful in studying Spanish, clearly the students in this group did not enjoy using the app as much (only 43.8% said they Strongly Agree or Agree).

      Finding #2: When honing in the groups themselves, the lower-level Spanish course students did not enjoy using the app as much with 43.8% of the students agreeing to the survey question, "Is Duolingo an easy to use, helpful, and enjoyable app to practice Spanish?" While this is true, the A2 level students still displayed a liking, in their survey responses, for Duolingo to be a good replacement for "other types of homework." According to some reasons, this is in part due to the activities including both writing and hearing, its simple and easy user interface, it was a game, and it was available on the app to use.

    2. we observe that 91% found Duolingo easy to use, 82% found it helpful, 80.4% enjoyed using it and 78.3% were satisfied with the app.

      Finding #1: When looking at the post survey administered after the study, the majority of student (both A1 and B2 level groups combined) had a positive positive experience using the app. This means that they responded to Duolingo app being easy to use (91% of students), helpful (80.4%), and generally satisfying to use (78.3%)

    3. All students in both groups completed surveys at the end of the semester.

      The findings of the student reflect more students' self-reported experience using Duolingo. The results do not reflect, per se, how much students learned. While the aspect of student learning was not measured, this study does still add value to understanding student experience with online language learning, because it provides other researches with insight on one of the most realistic contexts and uses for why university professors may use Duolingo. It also makes suggestions as to how the online user experience can be improved, which fueled future studies and future modifications that can be made to the app.

    4. For both groups, Duolingo represented 10% of their final grade. Both groups took the free placement test offered by Duolingo when you sign up for a new course.

      The students participation in the study, therefore their use of Duolingo, represented 10% of the final grade in the class. Baseline data was collected with respect to their starting level which allowed the researchers to gauge what levels of Spanish were represented in the same.

    5. Krashen (2014) points out in his rebuke of the Vesselinov and Grego (2012) study, in which they equated 34 hours of Duolingo to a university language course, that language learning is different from language acquisition. Krashen states that the activities presented in Duolingo (or in similar tutoring programs such as Rosetta Stone) involve conscious learning. In his opinion, conscious learning does not lead to language competence. He presents a summary of the research done by Mason, 2004; 2011; and Mason, Vanata, Jander, Borsch, and Krashen, 2009, noting that in his view, acquisition-oriented methods, which use subconscious learning, are superior to skill-based methods such as those used by Duolingo

      This part and relevant research is useful for the "learning/Pedagogical Theory" tab under the "what does it mean to learn a language?"

    6. spaced repetition, in which its algorithms detect when a user needs to review words or chunks that may have faded from memory.

      An important feature