17 Matching Annotations
  1. Jul 2019
    1. ‘is not some thing that’s given to you insti tu tion ally; it’s an arduous journey that must be under taken by the indi vidual

      Agree on this point. If Afrofuturism is an imaginary, there are very few (no?) institutions that embody the merging of Africans and African Americans with technology or the unification of black people. This journey must be undertaken on your own, with the support of family.

    2. carry out func tions without super vi sio

      Does the removal of supervision lead to danger or the absence of human error? It is a fine line, but automation has its pros and cons. It can expedite processes (such as a factory line), but may lack the judgement needed in certain situations (such as a self-driving car).

    3. occupy ing a place in history where the body of the African diaspora is more remin is cent of the strange ness of alien abduc tion, rather than signi fi c a tion of a self- determ in ant people.

      Not just foreign, but uncomfortable. Oftentimes, discussions surrounding slavery or race in general are tiptoed around instead of confronted head on. What does this say about us?


    1. “ShesaidthatoneofherpassionsistoconnectwithAfricanAmericansandtellthemabouttheirhistoryinAfricaandtoletthemknowthat,asshealwayssays,‘weareone.’[Shebelievesthat]thereisadisconnectbetweenAfricanAmericansandAfricans,andshe’stryingtobridgethegap.OneofhermissionsistoconnectwithmoreAfricanAmericans[and]teachthemaboutAfrica.

      In my experience, his dissimilarity leads to many subtle tensions between the two groups in America. Is there a way to do the reverse (as in teach Africans about African American culture)? It's plausible that some Africans can sympathize with the difficulties of having the odds stacked against you, but I find Africans who find their way to America have overcome any obstacles and think those African Americans who complain aren't putting in effort. I believe teaching about African American culture, especially how it overlaps with some West African traditions, could unite the groups.


  2. Jun 2019
    1. Academicsarealsoatfaulthere:arecentanalysisof29millionpapersinover15,000peer-reviewedtitlespublishedaroundthetimeoftheZikaandEbolaepidemicsfoundthatlessthan1%exploredthegenderedimpactoftheoutbreaks

      How do we prevent this pattern here at Georgia Tech? There is a very obvious gender gap, especially in STEM where bad data in medicine and engineering are collected? What are some mini steps we can take to encourage pursuing data for different backgrounds? Education is always first, starting with class similar to this one informing people about how gender plays a role. Perhaps then we can create projects exploring the issue in data related to each person's major.

    2. I have a stay-at-home mom, and sometimes it is easy to overlook all the work she does. As a student pursuing a career, I know that this isn't the path for me. I feel with the push of girls/women to get an education and work, women who work at home are delegitimized. How can we as a society encourage women to pursue a life outside running the house without tarnishing the reputation of a stay-at-home mom? Oftentimes, she can uphold the structure of a healthy home. Perhaps normalize the idea of stay-at-home dads, or split the at-home work more evenly.



    1. Figure1.9.GoogleImagesresultswhensearchingthephrase“professorstyle”whileloggedinasmyself,September15,2015.WhateachofthesesearchesrepresentsareGoogle’salgorithmicconceptualizationsofavarietyofpeopleandideas.Whetherlookingforautosuggestionsoranswerstovariousquestionsorlookingfornotionsaboutwhatisbeautifulorwhataprofessormaylooklike(whichdoesnotaccountforpeoplewholooklikemewhoarepartoftheprofessoriate—somuchfor“personalization”),Google’sdominantnarrativesreflectthekindsofhegemonicframeworksandnotionsthatareoftenresistedbywomenandpeopleofcolor

      In class, we looked up similar terms with very different results. Why did Google change their algorithm? How much of the racial bias did it remove if they operate on machine learning (ie: the biases that exist are only built on more by the machine). Is there a moral reasoning for Google's actions or was it just for profit?

    2. Racismisastandardprotocolfororganizingbehaviorontheweb

      Previously, we have seen authors claim that racism is the manifestation of race as a technology. Here, Noble puts forth a slightly different idea. Racism is the structure of all behavior on the Internet, not just race. Here, she implies that all behavior on the internet is derived from race. Again, race is a technology.


    1. The truth of the matter is that what was in the interest of the Manchester textile manufacturer or the Bristol slave trader or the West Indian planter was usually not in the interest of the British economy as a whole. 6

      Time and time again, we see the idea of technologies hurting and helping only a very small population. While these technologies are passed off as beneficial for everyone "overall", who is overall? In the case of slavery, it is pretty obvious that slaves are hurting while the rich plantation owners turn more profits, but what about the people in the middle? What trends can we notice with modern technologies?


  3. May 2019
    1. serial number 904 EC 16. 3. 25. With the exception of the missing top roller the mill is in a relatively complete form.55 Because of the unavailability of data on these companies locally, the number of mills of this design sent to the island by them remains unknown.

      Throughout, plenty of specific statistics are provided about measurements, IDs, and dates. This way of writing lets the reader specifically track changes to technologies such as the sugar-cane mill.

    2. Indeed the importance of the sugar industry cannot be overemphasised. It was the primary economic activity in Jamaica during this period; consequently it is not difficult to see all the collective minds centred upon developing new technol-ogy to enhance the sugar estates' efficiency.

      In some respects, slavery centralized the efforts for technologies that may have been relegated to a lesser priority. We can see the same thing if there is a major crisis or radical invention today.

    3. t should be noted, however, that the reliability of patent statistics as an indicator of the nature and level of technological improvements in any country is under intense debate

      Furthermore, we need a basis to compare these numbers to. There are so many variables at play that we have no idea what kind of inventions would have come about without slavery. We can't compare to what would have been, but it is clear many patents came about.

    4. Innovations, they argue, were incompatible with slavery

      I want to disagree with this. It is because a new system of labor was devised that new technologies were then created make full use of forced labor.

    1. The pages of southern account books show a retreat from both large-scale production and from productivity analysis. Even as big business was on the rise in other sectors, large plantations were being divided into smaller units.

      This shift reflects the fall of the South. It is rewarding to see the wishes of slaves granted and the greater freedom for newly emancipated slaves. Tear the down the structure and you break down the institution.

    2. Planters took part in a kind of dialectic of valuation: an alternation be-tween standardized practices and highly individual exchanges. In part, the complexity of these valuation practices reflects slaves’ fundamental individu-ality, the reality that—as labor or as capital—men and women could not be reduced to a set of specifications. But it also reflected the power of planters to shift between diferent genres of valuation when it benefited them to do so.

      Possibly the most evil part of this system is the treatment of slaves as real people when it benefits white slave owners. Heavy similarities to the 3/5 compromise.

    3. whipping slaves as many strokes as the number of pounds they fell short of during their daily or weekly tasks

      The creativity in punishments just goes to show the emphasis on the end result and not the condition of work. I assume little thought went into the physical condition of slaves (even if it means less "yield" the next day).

    4. for plantations with up to 80 hands

      again, plantations are qualified by a quantity. This ties back to an explicit quote in the introduction and a general theme of slaves being valued for the work they do. Sadly, workers are viewed in this same manner in industries such as sweatshops.