12 Matching Annotations
  1. Jun 2018
    1. Winston’s journey to find humanity is ultimately dashed by the workings of thetotalitarian government. No matter how hard Winston tried to hide his own humanity andpreserve his own individuality, the Party still found out and destroyed him both physically andmentally. A totalitarian society seeks to destroy all forms of humanity and individuality, notleaving a single person to spare. Orwell’s depressing ending serves to emphasize thatcontemporary society must do everything it can to steer away from a tyrannical regime.

      The totalitarian government eventually wins the battle against Winston. He is tortured almost to death and he finally decides to give in. He claims the government brainwashed him and he is dehumanized after this process.

    2. Forexample, Winston overhears a man droning on and on about something in the cafeteria. Whatcaught Winston’s attention was not the content of the conversation but rather the manner inwhich the man spoke. It was clear that every word of it was pure orthodoxy, but “Winston had acurious feeling that...it was not the man’s brain that was speaking; it was his larynx...noiseuttered in the unconsciousness” (Orwell, 54).

      In a totalitarian government where language is different, Winston is slightly confused as to how this man is talking in the cafeteria. Orwell says this man was talking clear and every word was of pure orthodoxy. He was the model citizen of the government, with no weight behind his words and no meaning in his sentences.

  2. May 2018
    1. Through the implementation ofsurveillance, thought policing, and psychological abuse, the totalitarian government is able toprevent objection and obtain absolute power forever. The suppression of individuality throughthe eradication of language and human connection can ultimately destroy the humanity withinindividuals.

      This is a strong thesis statement that is broad enough give supportive evidence but still still specific enough to stay on topic.

    1. In the vision of the world that Douglass offered his listeners, the highest ideal of a person was one who was like God. In a speech of the same name, Douglass argues that “Good men are god in the flesh.” Across a number of eulogies and public speeches, he extolls as examples of this his fellow abolitionists William Lloyd Garrison, Wendell Phillips, and Lucy Stone. In Douglass’s phrasing, Garrison becomes “the man–the Moses, raised up by God, to deliver his modern Israel from bondage.” Abraham Lincoln, he declares in a speech on “Great Men,” likewise, possesses “a more godlike nature than” any man he had ever met.

      Douglass here says that good men are God in the flesh. What he means by that is God is working through them and it shows here on earth. He calls the other abolitionists he worked with these godly people.

    1. Douglass did incredible things in his 77 years of life. He escaped slavery (and helped others do the same), surreptitiously taught other slaves to read the New Testament, delivered countless speeches, advised President Abraham Lincoln, championed women’s rights, joined the abolitionist movement, became a statesmen, and stridently condemned the diabolical system of chattel slavery. He saw the false Christianity of the land as an obstacle to seeing and believing in the true and living God. He knew a Christianity that supported oppression and violence misrepresented God’s character and would hinder people from seeing him for who he truly is.

      Even above all the things Douglass did in his life, Christianity and his faith was at the forefront. He knew the true meaning of Christianity while America was full of hypocritical Christians. His drive is what kept him going even through the hardships.

    1. Frederick Douglass is known for his ability to speak and inspire a crowd, but he wasn't always confident talking in front of an audience. His very first public speech was in 1841 at the church of the Rev. Thomas James, who asked Douglass to speak about his experiences as a slave. At first, Douglass was nervous and shy, but as he went on, he became more sure of himself and his speaking skills. After that experience, he went in front of crowds on numerous occasions to speak out against slavery.

      This tells about the first time Douglass ever spoke in front of a crowd, and it was in a church. Douglass wasn't very good at first, but he became comfortable with speaking and got better. Douglass was most influential when he gave these speeches.

    1. My blood boils as I think of the bloody manner in which Messrs. Wright Fairbanks and Garrison West, both class-leaders, in connection with many others, rushed in upon us with sticks and stones, and broke up our virtuous little Sabbath school, at St. Michael’s—all calling themselves Christians! humble followers of the Lord Jesus Christ! But I am again digressing. I held my Sabbath school at the house of a free colored man, whose name I deem it imprudent to mention; for should it be known, it might embarrass him greatly, though the crime of holding the school was committed ten years ago

      Douglass here calls his slavemasters hypocrites and he says he started his own Sabbath school. He started the school in hiding with the help of his colored free friend. This shows the dedication of Douglass to his God.

    1. “I had felt myself doomed to drag this chain and this black through life. All efforts, before, to separate myself from the hateful encumbrance, had only seemed to rivet me the more firmly to it. Baffled and discouraged at times, I had asked myself the question, May not this after all, be God’s work? May He not, for wise ends, have doomed me to this lot?”

      Even being put through slavery, Douglass still keeps his faith strong in God. He saw this as part of God's plan for him therefore he saw the meaning to it, even though slavery never should have happened. This is a testament to his faith even after put through suffering.

    1. Douglass constantly challenged the system and its claim to be founded on Christian beliefs. In his narrative, The Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave, Douglass says: "I love the pure, peaceable, and impartial Christianity of Christ: I therefore hate the corrupt, slave-holding, women whipping, cradle-plundering, partial and hypocritical Christianity of this land."

      After working so hard for his freedom and education, Douglass would not stop advocating for the abolition of slavery. He did this backed up by his Christian faith. He scolds the American Christians for having slavery and calls them partial and hypocritical.

    1. Frederick Douglass received this Holy Bible from members of the Metropolitan African Methodist Episcopal Church in Washington, D.C. Embossed with his name on the front cover, this handsome, leather-bound edition was published by Oxford University Press and contains both the Old and New Testaments. The congregation presented it to Douglass on September 1, 1889, as he prepared to travel to Haiti, where he had been appointed by President Benjamin Harrison to serve as U.S. Minister and Consul General. According to the Washington Evening Star, "Mr. Douglass warmly and eloquently thanked the donors for their kindness."

      This source tells how Frederick Douglass actually received his Bible. The Metropolitan African Methodist Episcopal Church in Washington DC gave it to him. They embossed Douglass' name on the front and this is the Bible that he carried around with him. This Bible is now on display at the Frederick Douglass National History Site.

    1. KEY MOMENTS OF FAITH A LEADER TO HIS FELLOW SLAVES In 1835, Douglass was hired out by his master to William Freeland, a farmer living in Talbot County, Maryland. He secretly organized a Sunday school, where he taught other slaves to read: "I held my Sabbath school at the house of a free colored man. . . I had at one time over forty scholars, and those of the right sort, ardently desiring to learn. They were of all ages, though mostly men and women. I look back to those Sundays with an amount of pleasure not to be expressed. They were great days to my soul." A PREACHER IN THE BLACK CHURCH After moving to New Bedford, Massachusetts, Douglass was extremely disappointed by the segregation and condescending manner he found in the northern Methodist churches. He joined the African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church, and, in 1839, became a licensed preacher in the Church. Although Douglass wrote that he looked back at his time in the AME Zion Church with great joy, he did not remain with them for more than a few years, saying that "it consented to the same spirit which held my brethren in chains." THE NARRATIVE OF AN AMERICAN SLAVE In an appendix to his autobiography, Narrative of the Life of an American Slave, published in 1845, Douglass clarified that he was not opposed to all religion, but only the Christianity of a slaveholding America: "I love the pure, peaceable, and impartial Christianity of Christ: I therefore hate the corrupt, slaveholding, women-whipping, cradle-plundering, partial and hypocritical Christianity of this land. Indeed, I can see no reason, but the most deceitful one, for calling the religion of this land Christianity. I look upon it as the climax of all misnomers, the boldest of all frauds, and the grossest of all libels…" INDEPENDENCE

      This PBS post details a few moments where Frederick Douglass used his faith in his anti slavery movement. He was a leader amongst the slaves. They looked up to him because of the way he carried himself. In the quote, "I can see no reason, but the most deceitful one, for calling the religion of this land Christianity. I look upon it as the climax of all misnomers, the boldest of all frauds, and the grossest of all libels…" Douglass uses the teaching of Christianity against slavery.

  3. Apr 2018
    1. The socially constructed part of race is not that it is unreal, but that it is invisible in its construction, and that it is being done by people all the time, in action and in understanding. We all are pushing the levers every day.

      Karen Fields is saying that the socially constructed part of race does exist, but it happens behind the scenes, invisibly. She says that all the time people in society are pushing it forward. Fields is arguing that everyone is a part of the socially constructed part of race, and we are contributing to it whether we know it or not. She adds that racism is easier on those who benefit from exclusion when they feel like they are innocent.