24 Matching Annotations
  1. Sep 2016
    1. “nature”

      Nature can be a calm place, and a place where you can get a lot done while listening to the different sounds surrounding them. This can play as a positive learning environment for students.

    2. By preserving and suitably integrating open spaces into the green infrastructure, universities can add value and quality to the campus environment by: forging a campus identity, creating a sense of community, curbing escalating campus density, serving social and recreational needs, providing environmental benefits, and facilitating fundraising and recruitment of both faculty and students

      I never really thought about it in this way. A sense of community is very important in todays society.

    3. Unlike the classic designs of America’s first institutions, the physical campus of the land grant university was designed to significantly contribute to student learning through its working farms, forests, arboretums, greenhouses, gardens

      This is was maybe produced for agriculture majors. They have different learning environments for different majors. Or they have different areas and classroom depending on your major.

    4. colleges and universities were self-sufficient and often built in rural locations with dormitories, dining halls and recreation facilities

      I think this was because it was a more space in order to have all of these things in one area close together. Nowadays on campuses today you have to walk about three blocks to get to the nearest dining hall, if you are coming from a far place.

    5. holistic landscape

      holistic landscape: is an approach to design that considers the thing being designed as an interconnected whole which is also part of something larger.

    6. One way to examine this potential is to consider the entire campus with its buildings, roads and natural open spaces as a well-networked landscape system that supports student learning experiences.

      This is very accurate. If only examining one place, you may night find what supports the student's overall learning experience.

    7. The college experience is a stimulating and demanding time in a student’s life where a multitude of curricular and extra-curricular situations require frequent and heavy use of direct, focused attention and concentration (Wentworth & Middleton, 2014). Thus, university students as a group are at a higher risk of attentional fatigue.

      The college experience, is supposed to be different than every other learning environment you have ever been in. It is fun, but your responsibility, and focus is highly tested.

    8. Well-designed and connected networks of indoor and open spaces on campuses can be key, yet typically overlooked catalysts, in student learning and a strong influence on students’ initial and longstanding experiences that promote a sense of belonging to the learning community

      Yes, a learning environment or learning community can have an impact on a student's life academically, and physically.

    9. encompasses

      encompasses: surround and have or hold within

    10. Americans expect a university campus to look different than other places (Gumprecht, 2007) and that the campus “expresses something about the quality of academic life, as well as its role as a citizen of the community in which it is located

      All college campuses have their own special design, it is not based on location or the academic lifestyle of a student.

    11. we propose that the natural landscape of a university campus is an attentional learning resource for its students.

      This is true. I think this applied to every university. The resource on campus are to accomodate the students.

    12. Questions of where, when, how, and with whom today’s college students learn, confront the traditional notions of how university spaces are designed and used for effectiveness

      This has been a question for centuries. In my opinion, traditional notions shouldn't determine the university spaces and how they are designed. Some may be effective, and others may not.

    13. American higher education institutions face unique twenty-first century changes and challenges in providing good, holistic learning spaces for the diverse and evolving needs of today’s college student.

      Higher education institutions, such as what? Harvard? Yale? or Princeton? The bigger competitive schools in the country

  2. Aug 2016
    1. infrastructure

      infrastructure: the basic physical and organizational structures and facilities needed for the operation of society or enterprise.

    2. Architectural regulation is powerful in part because it is unseen; it “allows government to shape our actions without our perceiving that our experience has been deliberately shaped.
      • In my personal opinion I feel as if I would have never thought about architecture as a way of racism. But now that I have found a understanding of it, I can see things that I never noticed.
    3. This Article, however, suggests an additional reason—specifically, that those entities often fail to recognize urban design as a form of regulation at all.
      • Does it only include urban design ? Could it include rural or suburban design ?
    4. antidiscrimination law—

      anti-discrimination law: refers to the law of all people should be treated equally. Some countries mandate that in employment.

    5. powerful symbolic message.”

      "powerful symbolic message'- The African American community took this as a act of racism.

    6. At the request of white residents, in 1974 the city of Memphis closed off a street that connected an all-white neighborhood to a primarily black one.9 Supporters of this measure argued that it would ostensibly reduce traffic and noise, in addition to promoting safety

      Is there a good reason for this though? Could they have evidence to back up why they don't want black people in there living environment?

    7. Although the Atlanta, Georgia, metropolitan area is known for its car-centric, sprawling development patterns, it has a subway system: the Metropolitan Atlanta Regional Transit Authority (MARTA).6 Wealthy, mostly white residents of the northern Atlanta suburbs have vocally opposed efforts to expand MARTA into their neighborhoods for the reason that doing so would give people of color easy access to suburban communities.7 The lack of public-transit connections to areas north of the city makes it difficult for those who rely on transit—primarily the poor and people of color—to access job opportunities located in those suburbs.8 ***

      They have made it to where some counties that don't approve of MARTA can still accommodate people who need to go in certain counties, such as the CCT, which stands for Cobb County Transit.

    8. he shaped much of New York’s infrastructure, including a number of “low-hanging overpasses” on the Long Island parkways that led to Jones Beach.3 According to his biographer, Moses directed that these overpasses be built intentionally low so that buses could not pass under them.

      This goes back to the explanation earlier in the text about why the bridges were built so low , which was to keep colored people from entering certain places.

    9. Sabin Colloquium

      Sabin Colloquium- innovative environmental law scholars

    10. First, potential challengers, courts, and lawmakers often fail to recognize architecture as a form of regulation at all, viewing it instead as functional, innocuous, and prepolitical.

      This is where they talk about what they can face if the lawmakers find out the "real reason" of the form of regulation towards a different race.

    11. The built environment is characterized by man-made physical features that make it difficult for certain individuals—often poor people and people of color—to access certain places. Bridges were designed to be so low that buses could not pass under them in order to prevent people of color from accessing a public beach. Walls, fences, and highways separate historically white neighborhoods from historically black ones. Wealthy communities have declined to be served by public transit so as to make it difficult for individuals from poorer areas to access their neighborhoods.

      The opening of the text is sharing reasons why different architectures are built the way they are and it is similar to controversy in Atlanta with Cobb County not wanting MARTA to come to in their county.