12 Matching Annotations
  1. Apr 2019
    1. Similarly, decisions about behaviors such as smoking and drinkingare influenced by whether the people we spend time with engage in these activities.Psychologists refer to this widespread tendency to act and think like the people around us asconformity.

      I would always think this was peer pressure people doing the things that there peers do around them but I have gotten a better understanding on conformity you have a choice you decide rather or not to partaken in your peers influences versus peer pressure you are pressured into your peers influences. Conformity and peer pressure does seem to get mixed up some time especially if a person is in a sticky situation there more like to say they were peer pressured into influences instead of admitting they conformed with the influences. I think a lot of students usually go through this phase during high school maybe earlier but definitely in high school. I think it's cause they want to fit in and not be rejected.

    1. In the United States and much ofEurope, by contrast, the right way to measure timeis assumed to be by the clock. This is especially truewhen it comes to work hours. Time is money, andany time not focused on-task is seen as wastedtime

      According to the reading it says time is money, and any time not focused on-task is seen as wasted time. I agree with that when your at work you don't want to waste time even if you have finish your task before hand. You will try to find something else to do just to keep you busy. At my old job in high school my supervisor would send people home if they were just standing around wasting time on the clock.

    1. In East Asian contexts, not only would studentsbe more thoughtful of the overall group’s success, but they would also be more comfortableacknowledging both the positive (their own success on the test) and the negative (theirclassmates’ lower grades)

      The reading says that in East Asian countries people over there are more thoughtful of the overall group's success. Which I find very interesting because in American it's more so all for yourselves, our county is more so selfish. I think sometimes we'd rather see ourselves be successful than the next person or the next. We see the "I" in team.

  2. Mar 2019
    1. Individualists are more likely to define themselves interms of an independent self. This means that people see themselves as A) being a uniqueindividual with a stable collection of personal traits, and B) that these traits drive behavior.

      According to the article Independent self are individuals are more likely to define themselves in terms of independent self. this means that people see themselves as being unique individual with a stable collection of personal traits, and that these traits drive behavior. I think that a lot of people think that they know who they really are but in reality they're confused inside. Some people put on fronts for society because of what they say and for their parents because their parents "knew what was best for them". Not knowing or understanding who you really are may (or can) cause confusion or depression or other serious issues. We can try to stop this types of issues by letting children explore and have autonomy at an early age letting them make decisions on there on.

    1. This modulefocuses on biases against social groups,which social psychologists sort intoemotional prejudices, mental stereotypes,and behavioral discrimination. Thesethree aspects of bias are related, but theyeach can occur separately from the others(Dovidio & Gaertner, 2010; Fiske, 1998). Forexample, sometimes people have anegative, emotional reaction to a socialgroup (prejudice) without knowing even themost superficial reasons to dislike them(stereotypes).

      The article talks about how prejudice, stereotypes, and discrimination has a correlation, but can happen separately. I do believe that this is true. You can be prejudice, stereotypical and discriminate towards others and not be aware. You see this happen a lot in this society. This are the people that see no wrong in there behavior and thinks society is suppose to keep accepting there behavior. Times have change from the 70's to now.

    1. gender stereotypes, or thebeliefs and expectations people holdabout the typical characteristics, preferences,and behaviors of men and women. Aperson’s gender identity refers to theirpsychological sense of being male orfemale.

      I think in today's society a lot of people struggle with gender stereotypes and their identity. Society is set up to believe that the man is masculine and the women is feminine, and that if those traits are switched, then it's wrong. It's hard teaching a child about gender stereotypes because you don't want your child to feel as though he or she can not do certain things, but it happens which "may or may not" cause a crisis with their gender identity. You want the child to explore their options but in this case a lot of parents may not agree because they don't want to cause confusion. According to the article gender stereotypes, or the beliefs and expectations people hold about the typical characteristics, preferences,and behaviors of men and women. A person’s gender identity refers to their psychological sense of being male or female.

  3. Feb 2019
    1. Researchers and laypeople also differ in their use of the term violence. A meteorologist mightcall a storm “violent” if it has intense winds, rain, thunder, lightning, or hail. Researchers defineviolence as aggression intended to cause extreme physical harm (e.g., injury, death). Thus,all violent acts are aggressive, but not all aggressive acts are violent. For example, screamingand swearing at another person is aggressive, but not violent

      The article says "thus, all violent acts are aggressive, but not all aggressive acts are violent." I definitely agree with this you can be upset with some one until your blue in the face but if you have not physically harmed them then your just expressing your aggressiveness towards that person. You will see this a lot in relationship, friendships, or any time of companionship. But, you do have to be careful with your choice of words with aggression but with that can come violence. you tend to see this more in a domestic relationship. I feel as though violence/aggression comes in many forms physically, mentally and emotionally.

    1. But those others are looking around too,also trying to figure out what to do. Everyone is looking, but no one is acting! Relying on othersto define the situation and to then erroneously conclude that no intervention is necessarywhen help is actually needed is called pluralistic ignorance

      According the the text Pluralistic Ignorance is when everyone is looking, but no one is acting. relying on others to define the situation ans to then erroneously conclude that no intervention is necessary when help is actually needed. Why is that? I will never understand. Do people get nervous in a serious situation to the point where they just stop and look or is it just people being noisy and don't want to help? There has been many criminal situations where bystanders just stop and recorded the situation instead of getting help. I honestly think it has a lot to do with the generation. This generation is so built around technology it's as if we actually lost touch with reality, versus back in the day people were all for helping others.

    1. According to the article rational self-interest predict 100% defection in cooperative tasks. That is,if people were only interested in benefiting themselves, we would always expect to see selfish cooperation behavior. As a college student I have experienced this in group work I feel like this related to social loafing were there is that one person in the group would isn't pulling there weight. That person either doesn't care or doesn't understand the material and refuses to ask their group for help. You will also see this in a classroom setting when a student refuses to complete his or her work because he/she doesn't see how it will benefit them.

    1. The diagnostic process involves a combination of parental reportand clinical observation. Children withsignificant impairments across thesocial/communication domain who alsoexhibit repetitive behaviors can qualifyfor the ASD diagnosis. There is widevariability in the precise symptom profilean individual may exhibit.

      This article is very informative. I learned to much in such little time. Growing up, having a cousin that battled with autism was hard because he was different and other people labeled him as different. He didn't interact much with people because he was scared of rejection. My cousin's conditions controlled him. Growing up I knew something wasn't right but I never knew how serious he's condition was. I figured because he was a kid, that he was going through a phase, but that wasn't the case. The article says that "Children with significant impairments across the social/communication domain who also exhibit repetitive behaviors qualify for the ASD disorder. It took my cousin a while to learn how to fight his battles but he overcame them. With the support of family and physicians he managed to learn to fit in with society.

  4. Jan 2019
    1. People who are accepted membersof a group tend to feel happier and more satisfied. But should they be rejected by a group,they feel unhappy, helpless, and depressed. Studies of ostracism—the deliberate exclusionfrom groups—indicate this experience is highly stressful and can lead to depression, confusedthinking, and even aggression

      The article says that people being accepted into a group will made a person feel happier and satisfied, but somethings that's not always the case. Most first time college students experience this they often feel homesick or alone until they find that group of friends to hang with (Buote et al., 2007). It's either you'll make the cut for the group or not. As a college student I have experienced this first hand. At first it can be hard because you think that the group shares so many similarities like you and yet you're still rejected by one's kind. It was hard of course but I did not like it get to me, but for others that can be a very painful situation. According to the article ostracism the exclusion from groups- indicate this experience is highly stressful and can lead to depression. confused thinking, and even aggression. In my opinion I agree but it just depends on the person. Making new friends in a new environment is not easy.

    1. This interaction can be observed in the development of the earliest relationships betweeninfants and their parents in the first year. Virtually all infants living in normal circumstancesdevelop strong emotional attachments to those who care for them. Psychologists believe thatthe development of these attachments is as biologically natural as learning to walk and notsimply a byproduct of the parents’ provision of food or warmth.

      I totally agree with this. We talked about this in Dr. Snyder's Developmental Psych class. I learned that if a child is cared in the way there suppose to be cared for then their attachment will be a lot stronger to their parents then those who aren't cared for properly. The child who has a higher attachment level are more likely to regret someone else who isn't there caregiver. We see this a lot in more higher SES families vs lower SES families were the parents have multiple children and both parents have jobs.