263 Matching Annotations
  1. Feb 2022
  2. Jun 2020
  3. Feb 2020
    1. the modern novel first arises not as an autonomous development but as a compromise between a western formal influence (usually French or English) and local materials.


    2. we know how to read texts, now let’s learn how not to read them

      yes, let's

    3. : you invest so much in individual texts only if you think that very few of them really matter.


    4. to the distance from the text

      So is distance (proximity) a precondition of synthesis?

    5. taking an explanatory matrix from social history and applying it to literary history.

      This right here seems pretty well reflective of contexts and implications of the approach to follow

    6. A new “science” emerges where a new problem is pursued by a new method

      Interesting to call this "a science", but the idea of methods following questions is important to acknowledge.

  4. Nov 2019
    1. This is in opposition to the then-popular New Criticism, which advocated texts as self-contained and self-referential objects that could be removed from their contexts of production and readership

      Right. Yes.

  5. Mar 2019
    1. Do you really think Apple doesn't know? In a company obsessed with the details

      Part of the mythology of Apple.

    2. And Foxconn security went out, scooped him up, and beat him before releasing him.
    3. He took this fact that we all already know, this fact that our stuff is made overseas in maybe not the greatest working conditions, and he made the audience actually feel something about that fact.

      This isn't really changed by the revelations that he falsified parts of the story.

  6. Jan 2019
    1. There will always be plenty of things to compute in the detailed affairs of millions of people doing complicated things.

      So many things to compute. So many complicated things.

    2. The world has arrived at an age of cheap complex devices of great reliability; and something is bound to come of it.

      Something indeed has, but what? And why didn't that something come first?

    1. The greatest trick the videogame industry ever pulled was convincing the world that videogames were games in the first place.


  7. Oct 2018
    1. The seeing machine was once a sort of dark room into which individuals spied; it has become a transparent building in which the exercise of power may be supervised by society as a whole

      Which "seeing machines" today are dark rooms? Which are transparent buildings?

    2. a simple idea in architecture

      This recalls Benjamin's comment about how architecture and buildings become methods for exerting power through habituation. (p. 13 in that PDF)

    3. The Panopticon functions as a kind of laboratory of power

      How are videogames "laboratories of power"? How is Short History of the Gaze?

    4. making certain children believe that two and two do not make four or that the moon is a cheese, then put them together when they are twenty or twenty-five years old; one would then have discussions that would be worth a great deal more than the sermons or lectures on which so much money is spent; one would have at least an opportunity of making discoveries in the domain of metaphysics


    5. He who is subjected to a field of visibility, and who knows it, assumes responsibility for the constraints of power; he makes them play spontaneously upon himself; he inscribes in himself the power relation in which he simultaneously plays both roles; he becomes the principle of his own subjection.

      How does self-discipline operate in reference to the gaze?

    6. The Panopticon is a machine for dissociating the see/being seen dyad: in the peripheric ring, one is totally seen, without ever seeing; in the central tower, one sees everything without ever being seen.

      How does the oculus rift dissociate the see/being seen dyad?

    7. Visibility is a trap.

      How are we "visible" today? How does Short History of the Gaze demonstrate "being made visible" as an exertion of power.

    8. if they are schoolchildren

      Why does Foucault include schoolchildren in this list of possible residents of the panopticon?

    9. The constant division between the normal and the abnormal, to which every individual is subjected, brings us back to our own time, by applying the binary branding and exile of the leper to quite different objects; the existence of a whole set of techniques and institutions for measuring, supervising and correcting the abnormal brings into play the disciplinary mechanisms to which the fear of the plague gave rise.

      How is this "of our own time"?

  8. Sep 2018
    1. What other games, game forms and game elements do they draw on? What player skills from other games will transfer to this game? How exactly is the game played, with how many people, doing what sorts of things? Also, what programming language was the game written in, using what sort of development process? How many people were involved in designing and producing it, and what earlier code was directly incorporated or otherwise re-used? How does the game play with or against the platform on which it was implemented and the history of programming on that platform?

      Good starter questions for a platform-studies analysis.

    2. Combat might somehow be tortured into confessing a story, but what it mainly does is facilitate a particular type of competition, providing an apparatus and context for play, a computer-mediated way of interacting with another player rather than a digital vehicle for an expressive message

      Montfort comes to this conclusion while discussing reception and operation, but to me the version of narrative that he is invoking here is more of an interface than an object of reception and analysis.

    3. This is the technological factor that most directly accounts for the horizontal symmetry of the playing field in Combat. An idea of a fair playing field was no doubt the basis for this hardware decision in the first place

      This is a pretty obvious and traceable influence. What sort of technological factors influence design decisions in more modern games?

    4. the wood-grain plastic front of the case �" the design of which is imitated in the Flashback 2.0 �" made it seem, at the time of its release, more like a piece of furniture or a stereo component than like some piece of esoteric hobbyist electronics, such as a HAM radio or one of the Altair microcomputers that were available before the VCS.

      Why is the context important?

    5. a model that distinguishes five levels

      Where do Dianne Carr's three types of analysis fit among these levels?

    6. by being bundled with the VCS originally it helped to assert that play involving several people was the ordinary use of this system.

      Commercials, advertising, packaging -- these are arguments about media ecology.

    7. the cartridge

      Why does Montfort call this "a cartridge" and not "a game"?

    1. The novel media technologies employed contribute to the sense that the games pose a new, unique threat and helps sever them from earlier games in public discourse.

      cycle continues...VR?

    2. Atari's Gotcha (1973) had caused a bit of a kerfuffle several years earlier owing to its pair of round pink rubber controllers which looked a bit too much like breasts for the comfort of some critics – especially since the controllers had to be squeezed to operate the game.


    3. Bipartisan Party


    4. laim that ꞌinteractiveꞌ video games present special problems, in that the player participates in the violent action on screen and determines its outcome

      And yet this is the key "value" of serious games.

  9. Aug 2018
    1. Please note that when you upload Content, third parties will be able to copy, distribute and display your Content using readily available tools on their computers for this purpose although other than by linking to your Content on DeviantArt any use by a third party of your Content could violate paragraph 4 of these Terms and Conditions unless the third party receives permission from you by license.

      This is interesting because it's basically saying, "Other people will probably violate this license so be careful what you upload."

    1. may be made with no compensation paid to you

      This statement -- pretty standard boilerplate for web services like this -- essentially says that Twitter doesn't work for us, we "work" for Twitter. Our labor is extracted from us to benefit Twitter, but our only compensation is that we're allowed to keep seeing it.

  10. Jul 2018
    1. the Video Computer System was manufactured in Sunnyvale, California

      And then I can post a comment on this now.

    2. move to compete directly with the Channel F, Atari named the machine the Video Computer System (or VCS for short), as the Channel F

      Add your comment here.

    3. $804 adjusted for inflation

      That's a lot of money!

  11. Mar 2018
  12. Feb 2018
  13. muse.jhu.edu muse.jhu.edu
    1. anovelthatrelishesaprintfetishwhilerevealinghowliteratureanditsreadersencounterandevolveinrelationtodigitalmedia.

      A nice, quotable blurb about what matters in HoL.

    1. Produced by inscription technologies, technotexts construct their materialities so as to foreground the inscription technologies that produce them


    2. which like the index of Nabokov's Pale Fire turns out to be an encrypted pseudonarrative of its own


    3. but filled with light blue color


    4. To develop this point as vividly as possible, I will enter the hermeneutic circle by considering first nonverbal marks, working out from there to their interplay with words and the resulting active construction of the book's materiality.


    5. My face has been splattered with purple, as have my arms, granting contrast, and thus defining me, marking me, and at least for the moment, preserving me

      What I am remembering now.

    6. The unreliable narrator, a literary invention foregrounding the role of consciousness in constructing reality, has here given way to the remediated narrator, a literary invention foregrounding a proliferation of inscription technologies that evacuate consciousness as the source of production and recover in its place a mediated subjectivity that cannot be conceived as an independent entity


    7. second, it recuperates the vitality of the novel as a genre by recovering, through the processes of remediation, subjectivities coherent enough to become the foci of the sustained narration that remains the hallmark of the print novel

      second thesis

    8. First, it extends the claims of the print book by showing what print can be in a digital age

      first thesis

    1. Our social condition forces us to hear many stupid things every day


    2. It will not be art, it is true, but at least it will be life, natural under all its make-up, clear, precise, and sometimes even cruel.

      It will not be art, ... but at least it will be life.


    3. The Author Exploiting his Own Works

      Interesting that this model assumes self-publishing. I was originally thinking of shared access as a model for broadcast media, but this is more like a youtuber with a patreon.

    4. and even there the writing-machine, by that time fully developed, will probably suffice for all needs.

      I would like to hear more about this writing machine.

    5. a tax of four or five cents for an hour's 'hearing,' and the fees of the wandering author will be relatively important by the multiplicity of hearings furnished to each house in the same quarter.


    6. there will then be fountains of literature in the streets as there are now hydrants.

      I love this "fountains of literature" image.

    7. clamists

      I don't know what this means.

    8. the exchange of commonplace conversation, the joyful exclamations of assembled crowds, the dialects of strange people.

      This kind of media specifically follows the affordances of audio, but is it book-like?

    9. The Author Making Cylinders of his Own Works

      The image of the author as a solitary genius issuing forth wisdom (that is, the romanticized vision of the author function) hasn't changed much in this image.

    10. 'What a charming writer!' All shuddering with emotion, they will sigh, 'Ah, how this "Teller's" voice thrills you, charms you, moves you! What adorable low tones, what heart-rending accents of love! When you hear his voice you are fairly exhausted with emotion. There is no ravisher of the ear like him!

      The shift into a new platform also shifts what audiences find valuable.

    11. fluent current ingeniously set in action

      I'm not sure what he means here, but I believe there are body-powered watches.

    12. the indolence and selfishness of men

      This is inevitable.

    13. the necessity of cutting the leaves

      Before the covers were bound to the book, the block of text pages was sometimes trimmed along the three unbound edges to open the folds of the paper and to produce smooth edges for the book. When the leaves were not trimmed, the reader would have to cut open the leaf edges using a knife.


    14. the cerebral phosphates


    15. desuetude
    16. suggestive models which at the pleasure of the operator shall express pain, surprise, dejection, terror, or death, all photopainting, in short, having become simply a question of a vast diversity of mechanical processes


    17. landscape painters being ruined by photopainting


    18. abstract art photography

      I can't tell if this is supposed to have a comma after "art" (meaning that that the "this" of the sentence references the closed, aristocratic art of the previous paragraph by calling it 'abstract art'), or if there's supposed to be a comma after "this", making "abstract art photography" the art of immediate gratification for the masses.

      I do like abstract art photography, but I don't know how popular it is.

    19. saturated with pictures

      cat pictures

    20. And yet it is the duty of art, whether by music or poetry or painting, at any cost to carry us beyond ourselves, that for an instant at least we may hover in that sphere of the unreal where we may take the idealistic aëropathy cure.

      This is a rather classical notion of art and what it's for.

    21. trite copies of nature as seen with a photographer’s eye

      a dig on photography for just "copying" nature

    22. scientific Fridays
  14. Jan 2018
    1. Twilight burnings
    2. Davinci Code was also burned earlier in the year
    3. book burnings involving the Harry Potter franchise
    4. But, what some people don’t know is that Farenheight 451 is based on a story called “The Fireman,” which in turn was based on a story named “Bright Phoenix.” “Bright Phoenix” was actually written in 1947, aligning the timing of the story with the early comic book burnings (and the now infamous Nazi book burnings in World War II).  And while it is a known fact that the title of the book refers to the temperature at which paper burns, I’ll bet it took a considerably lower ignition point to destroy the low quality paper used in comics in the forties.

      Interesting claim re:paper burning. How could we test this?

    1. Bible


    2. the press of the New World

      which new world?

    3. Cadmus
    4. “O, my books, my books, my precious printed books!” reiterated the forlorn bookworm. “My only reality was a bound volume; and now they will not leave me even a shadowy pamphlet!”

      Romney Wordsworth

    5. so that I shall content myself with observing that it was not invariably the writer most frequent in the public mouth that made the most splendid appearance in the bonfire

      Popularity != flammability

    6. how indefinite was the proportion between the physical mass of any given author and the property of brilliant and long-continued combustion

      Some notion of differential quality?

    7. “If they can reach so high,” said I; “but that task requires a giant, who may afterwards distribute the light among inferior men. It is not every one that can steal the fire from heaven like Prometheus; but, when once he had done the deed, a thousand hearths were kindled by it.”


    8. English standard authors


    9. weight of dead men’s thought

      A parody of critiques of the literary canon?

    10. who had dared to assume the privileges due only to Heaven’s better workmanship

      Class conflict, responding to inequality.

    11. "Mosses From An Old Manse"

      Published in 1846

    1. Cadmus was credited by the ancient Greeks (Herodotus[4] is an example) with introducing the original alphabet to the Greeks, who adapted it to form their Greek alphabet.

      This explains the Cadmus reference in "Earth's Holocaust"

  15. Sep 2017
  16. Jul 2017
    1. And in India, the most cost effective way to achieve that is slavery.

      The cheapest form of labor.

    2. See the little girl playing with the hammer?” asked a local investigator. “Along with the child, the size of the hammer grows, and that’s the only progress in her life.”

      Such a vivid image.

  17. Apr 2017
    1. WhenawomanisagueststaronStarTrek,nineoutofteniimesthereissomethingwrongwithher

      ... and often that something has to be solved by Kirk's loving or slapping some sense into her.

    2. eavilyuponthetypesofinterpretivestrategiesmorecommontothefemininethantothemasculine.

      Is this real, though?

    3. Inthisessay,Iproposeanalternativeapproachtofanexperience,onethatperceives“Trekkers”(astheyprefertobecalled)notasculturaldupes,socialmisfits,ormindlessconsumersbutratheras,indeCerteau’sterm,“poachers”oftextualmeanings.

      the main point.



  18. Mar 2017
    1. “The biggest thing for years,” said Holmes. “We have two hours before we need think of starting. I think we might employ it in getting some dinner and then, Lestrade, we will take the London fog out of your throat by giving you a breath of the pure night air of Dartmoor. Never been there? Ah, well, I don’t suppose you will forget your first visit.”

      A version of this phrase occurs at timestamp 56:58 in BBC's adaptation of this story.

    1. “The biggest thing for years,” said Holmes. “We have two hours before we need think of starting. I think we might employ it in getting some dinner and then, Lestrade, we will take the London fog out of your throat by giving you a breath of the pure night air of Dartmoor. Never been there? Ah, well, I don’t suppose you will forget your first visit.”
    2. There, outlined as black as an ebony statue on that shining background, I saw the figure of a man upon the tor.
    1. Mon Mar 27 2017 09:12:13 GMT-0400 (Eastern Daylight Time)

    2. Describing himself as a “skeptic,” not a denier – “that is a word meant to put me down” – the veteran weather forecaster told CNN’s “Reliable Sources” that the news network was promoting an inaccurate view on the issue.
    3. Mon Mar 27 2017 09:08:47 GMT-0400 (Eastern Daylight Time)

    1. Traditionally, approval rating polls are conducted among all adults, so those are probably better for making historical comparisons. And there’s something to be said for inclusivity if your goal is to assess the extent to which Trump has a mandate with the public. He is, after all, the president of all Americans and not just those who are registered to vote or who do so regularly. But for forward-looking, predictive purposes — to assess the effect that Trump will have on the midterms, for instance — the voter-based polls are probably more useful.

      So the difference has to do with what you hope the numbers point to in their later usage. Which factors you weigh changes in other words depending on what you're planning to do with them.

    1. The danger of asking the “truthfulness” question first is that everybody has some bias. So it quickly becomes very easy for a reader to eliminate credible sources because “of course they would say that, wouldn’t they?”

      This is very helpful.

  19. Feb 2017
    1. In the Congo today, just as in America not long ago, there is yet another way

      not that long ago

    2. The frictionless genius of our creative class, which we see every day in our lives and in advertising, leads us to support environmental destruction and human enslavement that we never see.

      Interesting juxtaposition

    1. Do you really think Apple doesn't know? In a company obsessed with the details-- with the aluminum being milled just so, with the glass being fitted perfectly into the case-- do you really think it's credible that they don't know?

      the cult of mac

    1. It is not creative labor, nor is it free. It is fascinating that, during a pivotal moment in early computing history, the industry’s foremost electron-ics company represented it that way.


    2. However, if we look inside computing hardware, we will not see dancing bunny-suited clean room work-ers, happily making chips for free.
    3. the material conditions that are usually invisible to the user and are necessary for digital media device creation

      this is a useful bridge b/w media archaeology and platform studies

    4. Navajo women did not make circuits because their brains naturally “thought” in patterns of right-angle colors and shapes. They did not make them well because they had inherent Indian virtues such as stoicism, pride in crafts-womanship, or an inherent and inborn manual dexterity. And Fairchild did not employ Navajo women because of these traits. These traits were identified after the company learned about the tax incentives available to subsidize the project, the lack of unions and other employment options in the area, and the generous donation of heavy equipment given by the US government gratis as part of an incentive to develop “light industry” as an “occupational education” for Indians.

      In case this isn't clear from earlier.

    5. In this case, it can be seen how racialization—the understanding of a specific population as possessing traits and behaviors that belong to a race, not an individual—is a process, not a product

      good succinct summation

    6. This is an eloquent illustration of how racialization works; prior beliefs about Indians as unreliable workers unsuited for modern form of labor are trans-formed into assertions of the positive value of “primitive” habits. This shift demonstrates the fluidity and mutability of gender and race stereotyping; Indians were described as careful, docile, and hardworking when it helped their managers to understand and explain productivity through an ethnic lens.


    7. The immobility and vulnerability of the Navajo worker was rhetorically respun into an act of purposeful and care-driven cultural preservation on the part of the corporation


    8. indigenous electronic workers at Shiprock were pressed into service as examples of the peaceful coexistence and integration of the past and the future, the primitive and the modern, creativity and capitalism. They were cited as evidence that digital work—the work of the hand and its digits—could be painlessly trans-ferred from the indigenous cultural context into the world of technological commercial innovation, benefiting both in the process.
    9. immigrant women of color were hailed as the ideal workforce because they were mobile, cheap, and above all, flexible; they could be laid off at any time and could not move to look for al-ternative forms of work, while their employers could close plants and reopen them in locales with the most favorable conditions

      this right here

    10. Indian-identified traits and practices such as painstaking attention to craft and an affinity for metalwork and textiles were deployed to position the Navajo on the cutting edge of a technological moment precisely because of their possession of a racialized set of creative cultural skills in traditional, premodern artisanal handwork
    11. avajo workers were always represented as different from white workers, as possessing innate racial and cultural traits that could be enhanced or rehabilitated to produce chips accurately, quickly, and painlessly


    12. We were really screwing up the whole societal structure at the Indian tribe. You know, the women were making money and the guys were drinking it up and it was a failure.


    13. between 1965 and 1975

      temporal specificity

    14. American my-thologies around Indianness gave these workers a desirable identity as culturally foreign yet familiar
    15. $6,000 a month

      This doesn't seem like very much money.



    1. The code aesthetics of light, however, occur at the disjunction between the player’s mental model of the code as it is expected to be (“If I LOOK in a place, an object is either there or not, and if it is there, a description of the object will be printed”) and the reality of the code as it actually functions. The implied code is wrong, and the virtual light entering the player’s imaginary eye is to be mistrusted, if for no other reason than that the actual code is unconventional: what is seen is not always what is modeled, and what is modeled is not always seen.

      This is a crucial point.

    2. However, understanding of the work is advanced by reading these messages; indeed, trying to interact and failing is necessary, as their poetic menace puts much of the coming experience in context.

      I love this: "poetic menace"

    1. playing the Text as one plays a game, he searches for a practice that will re-produce the Text
    2. it cannot be apprehended as part of a hierarchy or even a simple division of genres

      So it's not just like "Texts = good, Works = bad"

    3. Marxism, Freudianism

      Marxism and Freudianism seem to Barthes' opponents here (or at least he's distancing himself from them).

    4. phenomenal existence

      actual existence as a phenomenon

    5. a traversal [traversee]: it can cut across a work, several works.

      Sort of like what we're building in Kumu.

    6. The Text is not the decomposition of the work; rather it is the work that is the text's imaginary tail

      I love this image.

    7. In opposition to the notion of the work--a traditional notion that has long been and still is thought of in what might be called Newtonian fashion--there now arises a need for a new object, one obtained by the displacement or overturning of previous categories. This object is the Text.

      The central move in this essay.

    8. epistemological shift

      A change in how we know things.

  20. Jan 2017
    1. Might not these currents be intercepted

      "Might the woman's body not be transformed into a useful machine"?

    2. her fingers

      Of course.

    3. new forms of encyclopedias

      Wikipedia obviously.

    4. the head of the trail

      Interesting that, even trails are rhizomatic, complex, networked things, Bush still conceives of them and their re-use indexically.

    5. Poulsen long ago put speech on a magnetic wire.
    6. grew like Topsy

      The origin of this expression is Uncle Tom's Cabin: http://cjewords.blogspot.com/2009/08/growd-like-topsy.html

    7. A mathematician is not a man who can readily manipulate figures; often he cannot

      Again, because computation is trivial, mechanical, etc., let these women do it so that the men can free their brains for something more than repetitive detailed transformations:


    8. His hands are free, and he is not anchored

      And he is a man.

    9. Combine these two elements, let the Vocoder run the stenotype, and the result is a machine which types when talked to.

      So in this example and in others throughout the piece, a machine takes over a job formerly done by a "girl". This is similar to other examples where digital labor is feminized in subtle and (now) increasingly invisible and insidious ways. In other words, stenography is characterized as a field worth replacing because it is just a woman's job. The researcher at his desk remains essential because of course he is.

    10. A girl strokes its keys languidly

      "languidly" geez

    11. someone may speed it up

      Shake it like a Polaroid picture.

    12. The camera hound of the future wears on his forehead a lump a little larger than a walnut.

      Because this version of the essay doesn't seem to include the illustrations:

    13. Certainly progress in photography is not going to stop.


    14. The world has arrived at an age of cheap complex devices of great reliability; and something is bound to come of it

      There is great optimism in this assumption. I don't know if I feel quite so positive about where we are today with cheaper and more complex devices.

    15. the means we use for threading through the consequent maze to the momentarily important item

      Interesting how he's already figuring knowledge as a maze, foreshadowing what's to come later in this essay.

    1. evidence-based foundation that draws from the learning sciences

      This could be weaselly

    2. This can unintentionally present higher education as easily available to everyone, located in a specific place, taking place formally over discrete periods of time, and mostly optional for workforce advancement and may also cause us to overlook and undervalue learning experiences that occur apart from discrete, formal institutional experiences.

      This is a good point.

    1. chearful look'd the God

      An emphasis on looking and being looked at seems to pervade this poem

    2. rapes belief

      I'm not sure about this line, because "rape" has some archaic definitions like "haste" or just "take." Given the context here, it does seem plausible that Dryden means the more common definitiion now of sexual assault. Since Hades did after all abduct and "forcibly marry" Persephone.

    3. the bride

      Interesting that she doesn't get named here. Eurydice is just "the bride" until a few stanzas later.

    4. saffron

      Saffron is a spice and since its yellow, sometimes saffron just means yellow.

  21. Nov 2016
    1. So at the same time that UI research addressed itself to the problem of giving humans access to a seemingly impersonal, technically unwelcoming realm, it also shaped that interaction toward particular use cases and has invited us to accept what the machine serves up as given, natural, and beyond our ability to change outside prescribed bounds.


    2. But when we begin thinking of GUI design as applied epistemology, it quickly becomes clear that visual metaphors do not eliminate abstraction but rather substitute one kind of abstraction for another, one representation scheme for another.

      I love that -- "applied epistemology"

    1. And behind all the uproar was silence - the silence which is the voice of the earth and of the generations who have gone.

      This is a great line.

    2. the defective rhymes that the poetry machine had taken to emit.

      There we go. I can make a machine that spits out some defective rhymes.

    3. "No personal complaints are received by the Central Committee," the Committee of the Mending Apparatus replied. "Through whom am I to make my complaint, then?" "Through us." "I complain then."

      Trust the system.

    4. The troubles began quietly, long before she was conscious of them.

      As troubles do.

    5. The Central Committee announced the developments, it is true, but they were no more the cause of them than were the kings of the imperialistic period the cause of war.

      Or, you might say, fake news circulating on Facebook isn't Facebook's fault, but rather comes from the latent prejudices that we all have.

    6. "The Machine," they exclaimed, "feeds us and clothes us and houses us; through it we speak to one another, through it we see one another, in it we have our being. The Machine is the friend of ideas and the enemy of superstition: the Machine is omnipotent, eternal; blessed is the Machine.

      We saw a digital religion theme in Neuromancer as well as that Hyper Reality video we watched on Tuesday.

    7. which you may employ most profitably in your daily lives

      What does one actually do with ideas?

    8. Learn instead what I think that Enicharmon thought Urizen thought Gutch thought Ho-Yung thought Chi-Bo-Sing thought LafcadioHearn thought Carlyle thought Mirabeau said about the French Revolution.

      A critique of academic scholarship, perhaps.

    9. forests had been destroyed during the literature epoch for the purpose of making newspaper-pulp,


    10. all unrest was concentrated in the soul.

      still true

    11. Think of her as without teeth or hair.

      This is such a strange line, making Vashti seem utterly alien. Elsewhere she's "fungus-like".

    12. the button that produced literature

      I know that this means it brings up literature for her to read (like gutenberg.org, I guess), but it seems like this is a world where The Machine could author new works, kind of like NaNoGenMo. https://github.com/nanogenmo

    13. Great men, but men

      What "machines" do we take take for granted? Is this an explanation for how we tend to trust algorithms -- the computer says it's true so it must be?

    14. fifteen seconds

      Imagine if it took this long to load a text message or open the facebook app. (Actually, my phone is so crappy this is pretty much the case for me; and it's very frustrating.)

    1. The TIN DRUM?


      Gifted with a piercing shriek that can shatter glass or be used as a weapon, Oskar declares himself to be one of those "clairaudient infants", whose "spiritual development is complete at birth and only needs to affirm itself"

      It seems this character has a pathological relationship with growing up, so is the appearance of this book in the context of Bruce's maturation into a father significant?

    2. buggy