8 Matching Annotations
  1. Jan 2020
    1. After all, the rise in antibiotic resistance doesn’t mean that we shouldn’t have invented antibiotics at all.

      It does mean though, that we should try to forsee unintended consequences and not dismiss skeptics without judging the merit of their skepticism with sound scientific discussions. It is famed that Alexander Fleming who discovered the first antibiotic - penicillin, mentioned the observation of resistant bacteria and advised caution in antibiotic usage. This caution went unheeded in the subsequent golden era of antibiotics where all alternatives like phage therapy were shelved from research and development. This is the real lesson we should learn

  2. Oct 2019
    1. indicate that even low concentrations of just a single type of antibiotic leads to resistance to multiple classes of antibiotics.

      I doubt this claim, do you mean they are correlated?

    1. Overall, the low contamination level of antibiotics and high absolute abundance of ARGs indicated that ARGs previously introduced to an environment can self-amplify and persist in the environment
    2. suggesting that STPs have become an important source of contamination for their receiving rivers

      Read these references: Saying antibiotic resistance is proliferating in wastewater treatment plants

    3. Additionally, the concentrations of antibiotics and the abundance of ARGs might increase after the sewage treatment process.

      Wow, that is a strong and counter-intuitive claim. Is this rigorously determined?

    1. wastewater treatment plants are hotspots for the release of antibiotics, and transmission of diverse antibiotic resistance bacteria (ARB) as well as ARGs into various environments

      That's a strong claim, not backed by strong evidence

    2. Recent findings have indicated that most ARGs could not be efficiently removed by traditional anaerobic digestion treatment
  3. Jun 2019
    1. introduction of Cu to agricultural soil selects for Cu resistance, but also indirectly selects for antibiotic resistance in the Cu‐resistant bacteria