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  1. May 2019
    1. dithiothreitol and1X protease inhibitor cocktail. Cell suspension was rapidly frozen at -80 ̊C,thawed and lysed with 0.5mm acid-washed glass beadsin a homogenizer (FastPrep®-24,MP Biomedicals)at maximum speed of 60 secfive times. Homogenate wasdiluted with 5mlTris-HCl (0.1M; pH 8.0)solutioncontaining 0.33M sucrose, 5mM EDTAand 2mM dithiothreitoland centrifuged at 1,000g for 3 minat 4 ̊C. Supernatant was collected and centrifuged again at 3,000g for 5 minat 4 ̊C to remove unbrokencells. The resulting supernatant was centrifuged at 19,000g for 45 minat 4 ̊C to obtain total membrane fraction. Total membrane pellet was resuspendedin 100μl membrane suspension buffer and stored at -80 ̊Ctill further use. Total protein concentration in the membrane fraction was estimated using BCAprotein assay kit (Thermo Scientific, US) with bovine serum albumin (BSA) used as astandard
    2. Isolation of total membrane fractions from C. glabratastrains were carried out as described previously (Fernandes et al., 1998). Cells grown to log-phase under different environmental conditionswere harvested, washed and suspended to afinal density of 20 OD600cells in 1 ml solution containing100mM Tris (pH 10.7),5mM EDTA,2mM
    3. A single colony of E.coliBW23473strainfrom a freshly-streaked LBplate was inoculated in50ml LB medium. Culture was incubated overnight at 37°C with shaking at 200rpm. 25ml of the overnight-grown BW23473 culturewas transferred to500ml pre-warmed LB medium andincubated at 37°C till the OD600reached to 0.4. After incubation, cultureswere transferred to an ice-water bathandcentrifugeat 1,000g for 15 minat 4°C. Cells were washed twice with 500ml ice-coldwater, thrice with250ml ice-cold 10% glycerol solution and resuspendedin 1ml 10% glycerol solution. Cell suspension wasnormalized to final cell densityof 3x 1010cells/ml and dispensed in 50μl volume into sterile ice-cold microcentrifuge tubes. Aliquots weresnap frozen inliquid nitrogen and stored at -70 ̊C for further use
    1. For opsonization,C. glabratacells were incubatedwith 1 μg/μl human IgG for 30 min at 37°C and washed thrice with PBS. Alternatively, yeast cells were incubated with 25% human serum at 37°C for 30 min followed by threePBS washes
    1. Themixture is incubated in a water bath at 37⁰C for 15 min and afterwards transferred on ice and 4μl of DNA loading buffer is added. The samples were then run on a polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis which had been pre-run for 30 min. Electrophoresis was carried out at 4⁰C for 3h till the bromophenol blue migrated to 2cm above the bottom of gel. The gel was taken out and kept on Whatman filter paper sheet and covered by saran wrap followed by drying in a gel dryer at 80⁰C for 1h under suction. The dried gel was exposed to phosphoimager screen by keeping in phosphoimager cassette overnight
    2. A binding reaction mixture was prepared by adding the following components to a microcentrifuge tube on ic
    1. For DNA precipitation after digestion, 500 μl nuclease free water was added to the digested DNA fragment. Equal volume of phenol:chloroform:isoamyl alcohol (25:24:1) was added to the mixture and centrifuged at 13,000 g for 10 minat RT. Upper aqueous phase containing DNA fragment was transferred to fresh microcentrifuge tube and DNA was precipitated by adding 0.7 volume of iso-propanol and 1/10thvolume of sodium acetate. Precipitated DNA was washed with 70% ethanol, pellet was air dried for 20-30 min at RT and dissolved in nuclease-free water