20 Matching Annotations
  1. Feb 2018
    1. which usually ~ means written or spoken word~.

      How would the language of ASL fit into this category? It is a language in the sense that is used to convey information and uses hand motions that replace words, but could it also be grouped as a gestural mode as well as a linguistic? Different gestures of the way gestures are made can also convey emotion and extra layers of meaning. (https://qualityansweringservice.com/american-sign-language-guide/)

    2. To get a better sense of how prevalent multimodality is in all texts, spend the next few days col-lecting examples of multimodal texts as you go about your daily schedule. Maybe you can keep a blog where you upload, link to, or describe these texts, or you could start a Twitter hashtag where you briefly describe what modes the texts use.

      Multi modality is everywhere and is used to both grab attention and tell a small story in seconds. The news article used to display the news about the translator was multimodal. Not only did it include pictures and words, it also included video, which adds to the overall story by introducing auditory elements to it. This in one example of how all the modes can collectively bring the average person to a somewhat complete understanding to a story, thus helping to communicate information faster and more efficiently.

    3. The words on this map (the Hngulstlc mode) describe what we are looking at. The shaded areas on the map visually represent locations where at least one project had taken place. Here, the color-coding (the visual mode) shows us what areas received the most assistance. The information is organized in map form (the spatial mode), which positions the color-coded points according to US counties.

      The quilts in the AIDS gallery function in the same way to tell a story. People usually associate stories with words, but they can also be told with pictures, colors, and other mediums. Pictures are commonly found on quilts because they are more appealing than a lengthy block of text and can carry a lot of symbolism or represent a section of that person's life. There was one panel in the gallery that incorporated real photos into the quilt, which was unique because it showed the face/ faces of the people affected by the AIDS academic, and it showed them in real life situations. Words, such as song lyrics subtlely express many things about a person, such as their favorite genre, or what they believed to be important in life. Every mode can be used to tell a complete story.

    4. Attention to the spatial mode has become increasingly important as we crc,1te content for and interact within on line environments.
      1. When someone looks at anything, the first thing that captures their attention is the visual and spatial elements that work together to convey an idea in a matter of seconds. In those seconds, people construct an overall view of the object and form an opinion of it. Every panel on the AIDS quilt uses these modes differently and use it to convey something about the person. Going back to the example of the translator incident, spatial modes are used to convey who the main speaker is and who the translator is.
    5. The spatial mode is about physical arrangement. This can include how a brochure opens and the way it leads a reader through the text. l·or example, sec the brochure in Figure 1.11.

      The spatial arrangement mode is strongly used on the panels of the AIDS quilt and is one of the most prominent modes used on there, next to the visual mode. Often times, quilt makers would emphasize the significance of an idea by literally emphasizing its size. On most panels, the name of the person who is memorialized is physically bigger than the rest of the objects. This spatial convention works to draw attention to certain aspect. As for proximity and organization aspect of the project, each panel is organized and arranged on each block differently. Some panels are grouped by things such as color and subject. This can help convey the similarities of the people on the quilt.

    6. Each of these modes plays a role in lhc advertiser's argument for why you should buy its product.

      Multi modal evidence can be sued to persuade audiences on a subconscious level. Many advertisements influence potential buyers by appealing to their pathos. For example, a commercial ad for a car might want to invoke a sense of independence and a care free attitude, something many teens and young adults like. That car is marketed towards that audience so it will include things like upeat, modern music or fast paced video cuts that convey a feelings of excitement.


    7. he aural mode provides multiple ways of communicating and understanding a message,

      In the example of the inexperienced deaf traslator, the overall tone of the video changes depending on the context given. If the video were presented without any knowledge of ASL, then it would have conveyed a serious tone full of gravity. However, the presentation might become comical or cartoonish when subtitles to the ASL are given. The subtitles are nonsensical and virtually meaningless compared to the structured and organized speech given by the main presenter. This contrast takes away any notion of professionalism and seriousness.

    8. Although he likely ~ was referring to IW's commitment to helping individual citizens, his ~ choice of words-"small people" -infuriated the public

      The way someone uses or doesn't use the words in a sentence can convey ideas about the speaker. When the President of BP said those words, the meaning of those words changed from one listener to the other, and people used those abstract meanings to form an opinion of the speaker. This shows how communication is powerful and must be used carefully depending on how influential you are.

    9. Writers choose modes of communication for every text they create.

      Communication is used in everyday life to convey ideas. In the case of the deaf translation, the use of multi modal tools were at use in the televised broadcast. Things from audio, visual, even spatial information was relayed. However, the translater and the news station failed at conveying information to those who could only read sign language, and could have used another mode, such as pictures to convey danger. One downside to this strategy is that images are not as specific as words, or in this case, a visual language, but it is a good second resource to assure a clear message is conveyed.

    10. The supplemental source was a news article reporting an incident where an incompetent translator badly conveyed a warning for hurricane Irma. The interpreter made nonsense gestures causing confusion and outrage across deaf communities. The WFLA station was said to be in a pinch and hired whoever was available at the time. People have described the translators over social media as a danger to society and others have tried to sympathize and say that they wouldn't have done any better. Despite any sympathetic feelings, the deaf community demands an apology.

  2. Jan 2018
  3. spring2018.robinwharton.net spring2018.robinwharton.net
    1. Prownian analysis

      A means of identifying, analyzing and categorizing objects in Historical Archaeology.

    2. While only some of culture takes material form, the part that does records the shape and imprint of otherwise more abstract, conceptual, or even metaphysical aspects of that culture that they quite literally embody. These are the objects we as historians in the field of Material Culture seek to understand. Our investigations-analysis followed by interpretation-necessarily begin in the material realm with the objects themselves but gain analytic hold and open upon interpretation only through vigorous attention

      In the analysis of the machete, the author examines not only the object itself, but the cultural significance of it and talks about how the original culture would interpret it as simply a tool and weapon of the poor farmers.

    3. All objects signify; some signify more expressively than others.

      Some objects are meant to spread a message while some are products of necessity. The machete has been able to do both as an indirect effect of being a tool that was necessary at the time and a weapon that is capable of harming. However the extend to which an object signifies a deep and meaningful message about a particular culture does not limit it's cultural importance, it only makes such importance in the object harder to find.

      Nobody ever thinks of a plan stapler as an essential and even cultural item that must have a prominent and deep meaning, but with enough observation and digging back to the roots of history, you can find intriguing facts and connections that can be made. Staples are only a byproduct of humanity's growth in written language and technology. They would not exist if machines like the typewriter and printer were not invented (both significant items on their own). To judge an object as historically important can turn out to be one sided and closed minded as there is signifigance is everything, and everything can be tied to a culture or a historical even that has either grown or reduced a culture.

    4. Moreover, such polarities and oppositions offer effective analytic "hooks" of use in organizing insights.

      These hooks make the object more interesting and offer a point of contrast that could be used when talking about cultures. One object can be associated with one ideal and be the opposite of that ideal. Taking the example of the machete, people view it as a destructive tool used for homocide, but historically it has saved many people and cultures from their downfall. This technique can make the reader intrigued and even invite more room for speculation as people will want to know what connections can be made between the two contrasting ideals. Such soeculation has the potential to create questions and invoke more thoughts about the background of the object and create a community discussion that argues about and shakes the current ideas about culture and society in both the present, past, and potentially future.

    5. deductions speculations

      How long should the process of speculating be? I've always seen it as a process that can take a while depending on how detailed the object is. For something like the AIDS quilt, there is so much behind the entire project ranging from the visual aspects of our individual panels of the quilt to the in depth stories of the families and why they decided to memorialize their loved ones despite the heated political climate around the time. https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/to-your-health/wp/2016/10/11/almost-30-years-later-people-are-still-impacted-by-the-aids-memorial-quilt/?utm_term=.b66b589fd879

    6. One way we respond to what we see in or experience of an object .imounts to intellectual detective work.~ We see articulation and deduce patterns of use; we see interaction and deduce relationship; we see expres-sion and deduce reception.

      Noticing every nuance of an object can bring out unnoticed details and can maybe bring up more questions about the object, these questions help us become more aware of the possible origins of the object. Mars is currently a planet being observed in astrology. Scientists have analyzed samples of dirt and are trying to describe the planet in all it's entirety, and it seems that the more than the notice about the planet, the more questions they have about it's possible origins. Patterns are found such as the polar icecaps once being oceans, and they expand on that in order to deduce the possibility of life.

    7. I have tried to define, with only partial success, just what it is that tells me-often quite clearly-that an object is culturally potent.

      Cultural significance is different from culture to culture, one culture will regard one thing as insignificant while the other will highly regard it. When doing an object analysis, one should know the history of the object and the culture that the object originated from. Without knowing this, people are likely to misinterpret the importance of an object or reject it. For example many people think machetes are things that only violent criminals use due to their growing presence in horror.

    8. nly active verbs and descriptive prose cast in an active voice serve to establish cause and agency. As a means to this end, avoiding the verb to be (in all its forms: 1s, are, there 1s, there are) will help to make visible thematically-charged spatial and functional complex-ities otherwise flattened or obscured.

      I understand that in analyzing an object, you have to be accurate in how you describe it, but more attention should be focused on what the object means, describing the object is merely convenient for people who don't know what the aforementioned object is.

    9. I chose the supplemental source: "What is a Machete, Anyway?" written by John Cline. In the article, he explores the history and the cultural significance of the machete as a weapon and a common farming tool. Cline recalls the recent event of a man who got arrested for carrying a machete in a public space, and talks about the nature of the machete as a revolutionary object. The topic switches to a historical instance of an uprising in the 1800's led by five South American countries. William Walker was an American filibuster who controlled these nations for 2 years and was executed after a combined effort of multiple armies. A machete is used as the symbol of that event, and is seen as a commoner's weapon. He then goes into the origins of the machete as a agricultural tool first created in medieval Europe and spread to South America during Colonization. During the time, it was used by slaves and peasants and slaves. which furthers the idea that it was a farmer's tool and something used to protect the defenseless masses. Cline provides additional examples of how machetes have been an instrumental tool for revolution and some cases where they were used for violent displays of power, stating that it is a unique object in the sense that it's truly a multi purpose tool that have served the disadvantaged in times of turmoil and bondage.

    10. In the process of analyzing these two pieces, I have come across many similarities and comparisons between Cline's piece, an example of a object analysis, and Haltman's description of a object analysis essay. While reading these two works, there were points where certain steps in Prownian Analysis that could be clearly identified in Cline's piece about the historical observation of the machete. Even though there was no clearn description in the article, Cline speculates about why society reacts to the object and offers a well rounded interpretive analysis about his chosen object. The ability to both read and annotate a guide and an example of an object analysis offers ample learning opportunity for making an object analysis. This assignment has cleared up the process of object analysis and made it more understandable, although it was not easy to complete. Reading these two pieces in light of each other required the ability to analyze, comprehend fully, then articulate thoughts into several text boxes. Being able to expand out of the range of words and use pictures enhanced the and simplified the process of explaining relevant thoughts.