102 Matching Annotations
  1. Aug 2017
    1. people who seem to bridge various groups in ways that might perhaps be relevant to national security.

      As I was discussing in my reply, thee commonalities are most intriguing to me.

    2. Here’s what that looks like.

      Visuals are so much easier to read than tables, in my opinion. I am enjoying learning about the tools that make this possible.

    3. Surely this is but a small encroachment on the freedom of the Crown’s subjects.

      I would agree that this is a small encroachment. Having recordings of meeting would be a much larger privacy issue, but the data the author is talking about sounds like something that would be fitting for the public record.

    4. I will show how we can use this “metadata” to find key persons involved in terrorist groups operating within the Colonies at the present time.

      Interesting use of metadata. I imagine it will offer a unique and entertaining glimpse into that time period.

  2. Jul 2017
    1. Emphasizing technology, however, risks overshadowing an even more important commonality: collaboration.

      Collaborations seems to me to become easier and more feasible with technology. People can work remotely in teams from anywhere with an internet connection. For example HIST3814 has us responding to others and learning from each other remotely.

    1. Place is constructed through multiple channels, from lived experiences to emotional attachments to acts of naming

      Place is a collection of all things personally experienced and known about through external sources. This is an interesting topic because surely there are different definitions and ideas and no proof one way or the other.

    1. I’ve been using FaceDetect to see what percentage of files have faces in them,

      That's such an interesting tool! Photos of faces would offer a more personal glimpse into the data I'm sure. Even just for pure interest sake that's a neat idea.

    2. We can find out percentages of colour vs. grayscale, resolutions, file format type, pixels, colorspaces, hues, RGB means, etc

      This is interesting, I imagine finding out the resolutions would give some insight into the quality of technology most people were using at the time.

    3. ImageMagick


    1. takes a long time

      One thing I know I need to work on while working with data is patience, I find it easy to jump ahead of myself and confuse myself

    2. 243,520 images of all formats

      That's a lot of data to work with and display, it would be easy to become overwhelmed by it.

    1. We attracted an anonymous crowd of one-time or irregular volunteers, along with a smaller cohort of mutually supportive and loyal transcribers.

      To counter my previous annotation, I suppose the very nature of crowd-sourcing relies on the differing backgrounds and knowledge bases. You choose to use a crowdsourcing initiative with this in mind, fully aware that not all the participants come from the same background.

    2. Transcribing the difficult handwriting, idiosyncratic style, and dense and challenging ideas of an eighteenth and nineteenth-century philosopher is more complex, esoteric, and of less immediate appeal than contributing to a genealogical or community collection.

      Previously in the article it said the volunteers needed no special skills or relevant previous knowledge. If it's complex, is it really the greatest idea to allow those previously mentioned volunteers deal with it?

    3. made searchable

      This would lessen the workload of those trying to find something in Bentham's work immensely. A searchable repository is so convenient and would make it accessible to so many other people.

    4. require no specialist training or background knowledge in order to participate

      This make me question if the quality would remain consistent over all the transcriptions.

    5. create a freely-available and searchable digital Bentham Papers repository

      This would be such a helpful feature. Bentham is so widely known and I have discussed him in so many different courses that I'm sure this database would be a huge help for those in school.

    6. will replace the poorly-edited, inadequate and incomplete eleven-volume edition published between 1838 and 1843

      Great to see progress. Our standards and expectations have changed over time and it is important to have work accessible that reflects that and can cater to modern needs.

    7. which is based in large part on transcripts of the vast collection – around 60,000 folios

      For large collections it makes sense to enlist many people to help. The project would be completed way faster with, presumably, just as much accuracy. The only issue I could see arising is giving credit or equal distribution of work to recognition.

    8. Galaxy Zoo, for example, has successfully built up a community of more than 200,000 users who have classified over 100 million galaxies

      For future reference.

    9. be accomplished more quickly and more cheaply by outsourcing them to enthusiastic members of the public who volunteer their time and effort for free

      All sounds like a great idea, as long as speed and cost doesn't reduce quality.

    10. Crowdsourcing

      Increases the number of eyes on a project and minds coming together, crowdsourcing can result in different ideas and perspectives coming together.

    1. (my online version contains nearly 90 images, and the print contains 39)

      As a fan of visuals I would be interested into seeing how the varying amount of visuals would impact the overall quality of the finished piece.

    2. He had a complete “manuscript” available through a URL, which he would have discovered had he looked at my digital project.

      The author is making abundantly clear the obstacles that can arise using technology.

    3. WordPress

      Wordpress is so user friendly and offers great results. I enjoy running Wordpress on my blog.

    4. Platforms and Domains

      I think, in a way, the new generation of historians have an advantage in this area. Having grown up with technology as a larger part of our lives than older generations systems may seem more intuitive to us. That's not to say technology and comfortableness with it cannot still be learned and is an area that is continually changing.

    1. engaging with the world

      I strongly agree with this statement. The humanities help one contextualize the world they live in.

    2. Let us start with a basic definition of the humanities as a cluster of fields that focus on the careful study and analysis of cultures and their many modes of thought and forms of representation — writing, music, art, media, and so on

      I believe the humanities are very important to our understanding and appreciation of the world.

    3. That, in the face of such a world, I am noodling about the importance of listening for the future of the university may appear self-indulgent and self-marginalizing, a head-in-the-sand retreat into the aesthetic (or worse, the academic) and an escape from the ugliness of the Real World.

      The author is really focusing on how her words may be critiqued. I suppose this makes sense based on the information she posed earlier about reading against the author. Even so, pointing out all the ways her words can be misinterpreted makes her seem really aware of her readership.

    4. everything in their educations to that point had prepared them for interrogating and unpacking, demystifying and subverting, all of the most important critical acts of reading against the grain, but too little emphasis had been placed on the acts of paying attention, of listening, of reading with rather than reading against.

      I can really appreciate this quote. We can be critical readers more often than readers with a desire to actually understand.

    1. Writing in Public is my small contribution to making visible the processes by which history making takes place. 

      Fascinating quote. I'd like to explore the processes by which history making takes place more thoroughly.

    1. First, we can generate a list of the top twenty overrepresented names and the degree to which they were so:

      This is really interesting application of digital tools. This data is fascinating when displayed visually.

    2. We’re relying on the data as it was submitted, so it’s not going to be perfect.

      More minds working may mean more confusion comes up. Such as not grouping the categories as efficiently as possible, varying ideas don't always come together appropriately in collaborative work.

    3. people of a country should be able to access, read, and even manipulate the data that a country generates.

      I believe accessing and reading data that the government generates is a big step towards fair transparency. However, manipulating could cause further problems as data becomes manipulated in different directions.

    4. when you hear ‘open data,’ the first thing that springs to mind probably isn’t a historian

      Fair point, 'open data' can mean a variety of things to different people. History is often cast in a way that seems very tradition and 'old fashioned' based on the very principles of the field.

    1. The value of our work is too wrapped up in the scarcity of sources themselves, rather than just the narratives that we weave with them.

      Doing the laborious parts of a job can be a pain, and I can see why anyone doing so would want to have credit and control over the material they uncovered. However, as long as their shared work is in an equally reciprocal relationship I believe there would be many benefits to sharing primary sources.

    2. Whenever I even think about archival trips, my back pre-emptively aches. It involves sitting or standing near documents, taking digital photographs.

      This sometimes tedious task could become so simple with full digital archives. But, of course, that is a huge task.

    3. Digital History, Web Archives, and Contemporary history

      IT's nice to see how a user friendly and customizable program like Wordpress is used professionally.

    1. Microsoft Word’s “track changes” feature is essentially a version of version control, a way of seeing precisely how a text has been modified at a particular moment of time.

      Track changes really help me visualize why and when information is there.

    2. But there is no easy way to tell when specific additions were made.

      The timeline of when additions were made may not be important to the finished product but it would still be interesting to see the train of thought.

    3. By inviting others to see our work in progress, we also open new avenues of interpretation, uncover new linkages between things we would otherwise have persisted in seeing as unconnected, and create new opportunities for collaboration with fellow travelers.

      Collaborative work would mean new areas being explored. If multiple people come into one project with different avenues of thought it opens up the possibilities and depth of the research.

    4. But that thinking dodges the full implications of the fact that trash (and treasure) are in the eyes of the beholder

      Even if a historian believes they're sharing trash, a new set of eyes could find something totally new. 'Trash' is subjective.

    5. hard-won archival victories

      The historians doing the leg work should still get the credit they deserve.

    6. many historians on to platforms like Twitter, Tumblr, and Wordpress

      This shows a progression of the field. Sharing snippets of work on social media is a god way to transmit ideas to a large platform. Condensing the gist of what you're doing to 140 characters may make more people intersted in your research.

    7. intellectual exchange, integrity, and honesty

      Honesty i work is so important. It will also open up opportunity for historians to create counter arguments should they discover something else in the source material.

    8. that someone is always watching, eager to find fault.

      I've experienced this paranoia before too. I'd just hope it wouldn't cause others to omit true data.

    9. so that errors can be more easily spotted and corrected

      This also relates to history and fact checking. If others are looking at your source material factual inaccuracies can be changed before they are passed on to more people.

    10. Open Notebook Science (ONS) is the practice of putting one’s entire lab notebook online, so that other researchers have access not just to a scientist’s publications, but to the underlying data, methods, and experimental results that drive research projects forward

      This full open notebook idea seems a little excessive to me. You should be able to keep some of your findings and methods private, for your own benefit. It's not selfish just strategic.

    11. we are usually willing to share sources when we are finished with them

      This makes sense to me. Once you are done with something you often give it away. In this instance, the sources an be further combed for more arguments to be made.

    12. can mean two very different things

      It would be helpful to have a strict definition of "open" in this context.

    13. archives of the universities

      Sharing learning is a way to assist others in their educational career. Its a nice thing to do, but I definitely understand why not all historians do this. Long hours went into the notes, they should be yours to do what you please with.

    14. research notes public

      I'd imagine this would run into issues dealing with giving credit sometimes. You're getting your information from the historian who studied a primary source, not the primary source.

  3. www.trevorowens.org www.trevorowens.org
    1. “ability to think outside the professional norm.”

      Thinking outside the norm is usually a sign of progress. As historians adapt and the field adapts Owens' ideas will be the norm.

    2.  The Theory and Craft of Digital Preservation (forthcoming) and Designing Online Communities

      Owens seems to be someone with great interest in technology and developing digitally. I think this mindset os very progressive for the field and will do it well.

    1. do we think historians will start to write differently

      I do believe historians will be held more accountable. There may be more effort into ensuring accurate work is presented. However, an unfavourable outcome may occur in which historians omit information to protect the documents from being linked to the article.

    2. as simple as clicking a link what do we think will turn up everyone else’s footnotes?

      Having links in footnotes would be such a valuable source of information. Not only would it hold authors more accountable it would be more easily accessible to those who wish to read it.

    3. When several historians rigorously fact checked Abraham’s footnotes

      Fact checking can be such a time consuming but important task. It would be nice if all the information published could be verified without a doubt. That would lessen the amount of misinformation translated and allow historians to uphold their dignity. However, that is unrealistic considering how much time would be required to fact check. As misinformation is published it may be used and adapted into further material, lengthening the effect the information has.

    4. if it became standard practice for historical journals

      If it became standard practice for historical journals it could cause other historians to become more familiar with the source material. Which, in turn, would allow them to furhter develop the research if so desired. It could potentially offer another argument on the topic. Offering up your source material would open a dialogue to further learning.

    5. you are only a click away from scans of many of the declassified primary sources Suri used to develop his argument.

      That's such a neat multimedia feature. I think adding links adds validity to the authors statements and an extra layer of material for the eager reader.

    6. a brief

      Making scholarly articles shorter and more concise will make them more accessible to a wider variety of people. Some people can take a genuine interest in something but not have the capacity to read a 30 page article. Something so long can be intimidating, especially to someone newly interested in a topic.

    7. challenge historians to consider methodological questions anew.

      Good example that highlights the progress being made in the history field. The field is adapting and progressing into the digital era, as the world around us changes, so must we. being stagnant will only harm ones success. All academics have to understand that they must keep up with the world around them.

    1. Virtual St Paul's Cross, which allows you to ‘hear’ John Donne’s sermons from the 1620s

      Wow, what a cool project. As this is my first intro into digital history I like learning about some interesting avenues it can take. This one in particular sounds really fascinating.

    2. We know that she was a little uncertain about her age, and we know who lived up one flight of stairs, and down another. Almost randomly, we can now know an awful lot about most nineteenth century Londoners, allowing us to undertake a new kind of 'close reading'.

      This is such a good use of data. I think it is interesting to get to know specific characters but even more useful to compare that to the general public. Getting an insight to a group of people that would be hard to know is important.

    3. but a working class female speaker in her 60s.

      What an amazing insight into her world.

    4. maudlin leavings of rich dead white men

      It's always important to take into account who were the recorders of history. Rich dead white men would've had a very different experience and prioritized recording different things than a member of a minority.

    5. tell us what we already know.

      I guess that is also true, we know of the big impactful events. But, I still believe it would be interesting to see how it impacted literature. Maybe you would not be able to form an argument out of the data, but it would be an interesting visual.

    6. ‘normal’ word, for the date? or more challenging, for the genre

      What an interesting tool! The data on this I'd imagine could be pretty overwhelming, but once you've dug through the superfluous stuff I bet there'd be interesting trends.

    7. This talk forms a quiet reflection on how the creation of new digital resources has changed the ways in which we read the past

      I think being able to read the past in new ways is making it more accessible to a larger audience.

    1. Digitisation projects in a world dominated by anglophone conversations and nationalist archives raise issues of the representation of subalterns and developing nations, of minority languages and digital deficits

      So many aspects of the world are designed for anglophones as technology improves the ability to translate and transmit projects to different areas should improve though.

    2. ‘DO NOT READ’, to become curious about what the official mind has masked

      Ineresting note.

    3. The historian working today can work with maps that layer atop each other decades if not centuries of international trade routes, population growth, average income, rainfall, and weather

      Keep in mind causation vs correlation when working with big sets of data. It may be interesting to visual different aspects of time, but that doesn't mean they are directly related.

    4. quantifiable data which is rarely put side by side.

      Humanity's skills at record keeping have surely improved overtime. Record keeping provides more data to work with and will make it easier for future historians to gain knowledge about a certain area.

    5. the time necessary to sort through it

      Programs that hel comb through bug sets of data using key words and other elements are sure to help, right?

    6. condense big data in such a way that they can circulate among readers as a concise story that is easy to tell.

      People can get lost in too many word or difficult phrases. Being concise is key!

    7. a range of tools are within the grasp of anyone

      What an interesting time we live in. New technology and ways to access information has definitely opened up the possibilities for what people ca do. I'm not so sure too many people are educated enough on what's out there to take advantage of these opportunities though. I'd imagine academia still take the vast majority of opportunities in digital humanities.

    8. index, the encyclopaedia, and the bibliography – came from the first era of information overload, when societies were feeling overwhelmed about their abilities to synthesise the past and peer into the future.1

      Fascinating! Those tools (which seem pretty basic now) are still so helpful and vital.

    9. Information overload is not a new story in and of itself

      Information overload makes me think of how social media has changed how we interpret the world around us. We are so surrounded by world news and random information as we browse the internet it can sometimes be too much to fully process.

    1. Doing digital history creates the conditions in which this abstraction from and modelling of primary sources bubbles to the surface.

      Good defintiion/explanation

    2. but it was useful to see that pattern playing out

      Seeing data can always help me ingrain the information more completely in my mind.

    3. Gephi, made some Force Atlas

      Never heard of these...

    4. I made a spreadsheet. On that spreadsheet I recorded the title, date of publication, and publisher of every Isaac Cruikshank print I could get my hands on. I then recorded the places depicted in each print.

      Organizing data can either be a wonderful practice or the source of continuous frustration. Either way, having finished spreadsheets make moving forward so much easier. It is so much easier to reference information that is organized and easily accessible.

    5. ‘corpus level’ work

      A lot of repetition of this phrase, but I don't believe I am fully grasping what he means by this.

    6. appeal to the anticipated audiences

      It's important to remember your audience. Although it would be fun to constantly work on 'passion projects' where you write material/do research with yourself in mind, that's not always realistic. Know your target audience and figure out what appeals to them seems to be the point here.

    7. At a early stage in the research into this chapter I grappled with how to think about why satirical artist-engravers produced different content for different London-based publishers

      I enjoy posing questions to myself as I begin a project. I think it's important to answer my questions in my work. If I have them, maybe readers do too. It appears like Baker was working through his own questions as well.

    8. Six Degrees of Francis Bacon

      Just checked out the website! What beautiful data! I all honesty I had only heard of the six degrees of Kevin Bacon before this...

    9. The point is, I didn’t leave this digital stuff out because it was digital

      Digital elements can be very helpful and help bring a project into a more modern realm of history. But, just because they are digital does not mean they add value. It is important to recognize this.

    10. History writing is concise, precise, and selective

      This description of writing reminds me of what I've learned in my journalism classes. Get to the point and don't be superfluous in doing so!

    11. not everything made it to the surface of the final product

      Making work concise and ensuring every element strengthens the quality of the project is important. A sign of growth is being able to acknowledge what aspects of your work can be cut.

    12. making and selling of satirical prints in Britain during the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries

      What a niche subject, it's interesting to find where some historians decide to take their research!

    1. Adding them just didn’t feel right because I don’t make an argument within them

      Is it wrong to not make an argument within data? If the visual representation of the data added background information or could help the reader visualize the topic would it not still be okay to include them? I think of it as the introduction in an essay. You make arguments but you need to offer thee reader information as well, to ensure you have evidence to back up further points.

    2. What struck me when I made the latter – which, I should add, was made before the former – was that I could not see any patterns because the stationers dominated the visual field

      This version of the map is way harder to interpret! Unnecessary data should be omitted to keep the reader's focus and allow them to interpret visuals easier. This reminds me of previous class work I have done with google maps. I did a project that involved plotting points and colour coordinating symbols and text over a map. When data points were too overwhelming it easily became hard to follow.

    3. Relationships within these networks were established and maintained by direct, indirect, environmental, and community ties.

      I'd be interested in learning more about social connections and how they have been constructed. Social ties have always been important in so many aspects of life that they are interesting to delve deeper into.

    4. normalising those abstractions in preparation for analysis

      This language is a little unfamiliar to me. I can figure out what it means but I am definitely not used t this style of writing/word choice. Maybe this course will expand my vocabulary a bit as well.

    1. You push yourself until you get to the point where you are stumped.

      Interested to see what challenges I will face in this course. It's a little bit intimidating but I'm trying to stay optimistic.

    2. the productive fail’

      Not my strong suit, I know I can be pretty stubborn and get frustrated with 'failing', will work on this!

    3. You will keep the fail log in a repository on Github

      Will you and others have access to our fail logs or is it for our own personal records? If others need access am I missing the step with how to connect with others?

    1. virtual computer for you called ‘DHBox’

      Still not completely sure how to use this tool effectively for this course. What should I be putting there or gaining from it?

    2. PHRASE
    1. Style - they write with verve and fluidity, grace, clarity and cohesiveness

      My favourite part of history in general! The written story is always a fun step to me.

    2. Good explanation of what to expect. As a more art-minded person I'm looking forward to how I'll be challenged.

    3. You won’t have taken a course like this before.

      Already very apparent :)

    4. we will learn how to scrape data, how to find meaningful patterns within it, and how to visualize

      Honestly not what I was expecting from this curse, but looking forward to it!