25 Matching Annotations
  1. Apr 2017
    1. Introduction
      • a little more detailed introduction
      • add attribution for the photograph
      • introduce your three claims at the beginning
      • introduce your thesis too
    1. Explaining The Claim
      • on the first slide, i suggest including an explanation of the word "do-good"
      • explain the different types of research further
      • create another slide to compare and contrast each researchers studies and their different impacts
      • slide 3, include photo attributions
    1. People in The Space
      • Include Photo Attributions
      • I did not understand the purpose of this slideshow, because I did not understand its' relation with your claim.
      • I liked the arrangement of your slides, because it helped convey a specific message
      • Great Slide
      • Include Photo Attributions
    1. Comparing Environments
      • on the first slide, you need to list the quote's author to establish credibility.
      • on the third slide, i suggest increasing the size of the two photographs to help fill in empty space
  2. Feb 2017
    1. For example, sidewalks make walking easier and safer, in large part by reducing the risk of pedestrian and vehicle collisions.

      In my neighbor, Henderson Mill Rd is a dangerous road for pedestrians. We are located near two major expressways, I-25 and I-285. Often, drivers will get off the expressways and cut through my neighborhood to avoid traffic. My neighborhood only has one sidewalk for us to walk on. The sidewalk is located on the less populated side. On the other side, they are three sets of apartments and two sets of condominiums. This side is filled with a lot of immigrants and families. But there is no sidewalk located on this side, there is only a dirt path filled with debris and broken glass. If you wanted to travel across the street, you must run while avoiding incoming cars. I get the impression that I’m not wanted on the other side.

    2. Eight Mile Wall

      Then: Now: Today, the 8-mile wall is painted with large murals. Artist tend to paint on the side facing Alfonso Wells Playground, because there is an exposed stretch of wall with no homes behind it. In 2006, community activist and Detroit residents came together to paint the wall. On the wall, scenes of the civil rights movements including Rosa Park boarding the bus, neighborhood children blowing bubbles, and a group of a cappella singers. Now, the wall is a symbolic piece, because the message represents harmony and unity rather than segregation.

    3. bollards

      Bollard-is a short post in the street used to guide traffic protect vehicle collusion

    4. Communities also rely on other confusion techniques to keep people out, or to make it hard for them to find their way around an area.

      In Atlanta, driving can be a stressful experience for commuters and visitors. The downtown roads are not only packed but difficult to navigate. Some of the roads are one ways or dead ends. Different roads unexpectedly end or merge into another road out of nowhere. The lack of signage make this situation even more stressful to drivers. For example, a restaurant is located on your right but the restaurant is located on a one-way street. A driver must past their destination and navigate their way back to the restaurant to enter. This makes drivers avoid the downtown Atlanta area when driving.

    5. For example, a cafeteria manager who places healthier food items in a more visible and accessible location than junk food in order to nudge people toward healthier choices is guiding actions through architectural decisions.

      This example shows how architectural decisions manipulate our minds in the simplest way. A cafeteria manger simply switches the placement of the healthier food options to the front to guide people towards healthier choices. Now, the junk food options are switched to the back out of eye range. If a person usual order is junk food but does not see it displayed in front of them, it creates a switch in their mind. They just want the option in their line of vision and decide to select the healthier option over their usual order. This person is so programmed to the mandate that he does not expand or breach out to other choices.

    6. For example, one might think it a simple aesthetic design decision to create a park bench that is divided into three individual seats with armrests separating those seats. Yet the bench may have been created this way to prevent people—often homeless people—from lying down and taking naps.

      In Atlanta, homelessness is a growing issue facing the city. Homeless people often tend to sleep or station themselves in public parks. They create their own community with each other and form their own village. For example, Hurt Park located outside of Georgia State University hosts many homeless people. When I pass by the park on the way to class, I notice homeless people either sleeping on the ground or on park benches. I understand when a new park is built; these types of benches are not built. I did not know they were built to deter homeless people from sleeping in the park. I think instead of preventing homeless people from sleeping in the park; we need to assist them in getting back onto their feet.

    7. We often experience our physical environment without giving its features much thought. For example, one might think it a simple aesthetic design decision to create a park bench that is divided into three individual seats with armrests separating those seats. Yet the bench may have been created this way to prevent people—often homeless people—from lying down and taking naps.

      In the article, “How Cities Use Design to Drive Homeless People Away”, journalist Rosenberger explains how cities use architecture to deter the homeless population from loitering in park, subways stations, and bus stations. In London, spikes were placed outside of an apartment building to prevent homeless people from sleeping there. People were outraged about this and started a petition to remove the spikes. The spikes were a visible display of homeless-detergent technology, but there is more subtle design out there. An example, the design of park benches. Benches are7/ designed with slats/ large armrest create individual seats for each person to prevent comfortable sitting on them and laying down across them. They create this design to prevent homeless people+ in the park from sleeping there. Also, the same designs are implied in bus stops and transit systems. Ordinary people would not notice the reasoning behind the design, but if you’re a homeless person this sends a message that you’re not wanted here. Architectural design only truly impacts a person if they are the issue themselves.

    8. ghettos

      In the United States, the term ghetto is often associated with the African American community, but other ethnic groups reside there such as Hispanics and whites. Ghettos tend to be made up of ethnic minorities, but neighborhoods filled with majority ethnic minority residents are not considered ghettos. For example, African Americans were segregated into northern communities such as Chicago’s Bronzevile. The residents were affluent African American families and the neighborhood had successful businesses in it.

      In modern times, regardless of race or ethnicity, forty percent or more ghettos residents are poor. A neighborhood is considered a ghetto if there is a prevalence of poverty. There is a difference between other racially or ethnically homogenous communities and ghettos. The difference is ghetto residents cannot relocate even if they desire to. Poverty makes it difficult for residents to migrate out of these neighborhoods. Ghettos do not have many residential choices compared to non-ghetto locations. In the past, historic ghettos were formed due to indirect or direct racial or ethnic coercion and isolation. Now ghettos are based on class-based information which results in isolation.


    9. That a highway divides two neighborhoods limits the extent to which the neighborhoods integrate.

      In my neighborhood, there’s a bridge underpass that creates an invisible division. One side, the neighborhood is primary white. The people living there either own or lease their house; the houses are very cookie cutter style and maintain a presentable appearance. But once you go under the underpass, there are more apartments compared to houses. Most of the residents are non-white or immigrants, new to the neighborhood. It creates these two separate neighborhoods when they are the same.

    10. Architectural Exclusion: Discrimination and Segregation Through Physical Design of the Built Environment

      In the article “Architectural Exclusion: Discrimination and Segregation Through Physical Design of the Built Environment”, Schindler discusses how the architectural design of an environment creates unknown discrimination and segregation. Schindler describes how a certain architectural choice such as one way roads, benches with arm rests in between, and the lack of sidewalk in an area creates segregation in communities. One way roads created segregation by deterring other drivers from entering a certain area or neighborhood. For example, if an African America cannot navigate into a white neighborhood because of the configuration of a street this is a form of segregation.

      Architecture gives a different message to each person. A design can communicate something to a certain population that another population would not notice. In the article, “How Cities Use Design to Drive Homeless People Away”, journalist Rosenberger describes how one city added skateboard studs to edges of handrails to ledges. If I saw those studs, I would not understand the meaning behind them. I might think it adds an interesting design to the railing but to skateboarders it means do not skate here. The studs were added to the railing to prevent skateboards from sliding along the edges. Those edge studs did not communicate that message to me, but the message was not meant for me. Architectural design has different implications that give a certain message to an individual.

  3. www.histarch.illinois.edu www.histarch.illinois.edu

      Why are the four men still referred to as negro slaves? Cato, Plato, Prince, and Quamany risked their lives during the war. Not only did the men fight for U.S. independence but for their own independence. Each man fought for the right to be a free man. Once the war ended, all of them became freed. But on their gravestone, none of their achievements are recognized. None of their military service mattered, they were only used for slave labor.

    2. Parting Ways

      In “Homeownership Drop Is Bad News, but Not for the Reason You Think” by Dean Baker states the decline in homeownership is a positive thing. The need to own a house is not considered a priority for citizens anymore. Recently, citizens started to save their money instead of investing in a home purchase. But this is not true for all race. African Americans have the lowest rate of homeownership. The weak economy impacts African Americans the most. In “Parting Ways’, the four men had no source of income when leaving the military, but they did gain their freedom. Cato Howe is giving a small settlement where the men start their own community. None of the men receive their military pensions, so the men start to leave off the land. Cato’s estate listed him as a farmer. This evidence tells us the settlement of “Parting Ways’ is self-sufficient. Similar to African American communities, people in their neighborhood looks out for one another. If someone in the neighborhood needs help, another neighbor will offer to help. This is similar to the settlement of “Parting Ways.” Throughout history, the community aspect of neighborhoods is still a big part for African American communities. http://www.nytimes.com/roomfordebate/2016/08/02/homeownership-at-50-year-low-so-what/homeownership-drop-is-bad-news-but-not-for-the-reason-you-think

    3. At the time of its occupation by at least four black families, it was called New Guinea, a fairly common term used over much of Anglo-America for separate black settlements.

      Why were the settlements called New Guinea? I went to image search on Google and typed in the New Guinea to see the inhabitants. The first picture to pop up portrayed the people as tribal. The three men in the picture have tribal paint on their faces and a more rugged look to them. Europeans often thought these people were savages by their appearance and actions. I think the Europeans were making a comparison between the New Guinea tribes and the new settlers. In their eyes, African Americans were still savages to them.

    4. Parting Ways

      Parting Way is an article written by James Deetz about the settlement of Parting Way. Parting Way is a little settlement given to a former slave named Cato Howe. He settled the land with three other former slaves named Plato, Prince, and Quamany. During the Revolutionary War, all four men served as soldiers during the war. At the end of the war, the slaves were granted their freedom and became free men. The four men have little written history about them. Researchers were able to learn more about the men through discovered military records. To discover the rest of the information, researchers conducted excavations at the settlement. Artifacts discovered at the excavations helped them understand the lifestyles of these four men. For example, the root cellar discovered tells them the men were farmers. Pieces of pottery told them the men came from an African or West Indies background. James Deetz demonstrates the importance of archaeology in the world. Archaeologist discover the history of a location by studying the architecture, artifacts, and written records. Parting Ways. (1996). Retrieved February 03, 2017, from http://www.histarch.illinois.edu/plymouth/parting.html

    5. Our knowledge of Cato Howe and his fellow blacks of Plymouth comes from two sources: Fragmentary written records give us a partial picture, lacking in important details. A complementary body of information has been gained by excavating the site of the tiny community in which Cato Howe lived until his death, in 1824.

      The excavations at Parting Ways showed the reader the importance of oral history and artifacts. Cato, Plato, Prince, and Quamany had little written history about them. Cato’s estate record gave them a little more insight into their lives. Excavators searched the settlement to found artifacts to help them better understand their lives. Researchers discovered fragmented pieces of pottery at the scene. The found artifact helped the researchers understand the background of the four men. They learned the men came from Africa or the West Indies. Also, researchers discovered that Burr’s house burned down creating the depressions in the ground. They came to the conclusion by looking at the charcoal and ash deposits. Plus, two informants came forward with information about his house. The first person confirmed their suspicion that indeed Burr’s house burned down in 1908. But the second person remembered the house being moved to Plymouth. Conflicting views happen when oral history is repeated. People tend to remember events differently. Oral history gives researches a variety of information and straight from the source information. Through the oral records, they confirmed their theory that Burr’s house burned down.

    6. Chests $2.12 1/2

      In Cato’s estate inventory, the use of American and British money is used. Colonial America experienced a money shortage, because England permitted the colonies to exporting raw materials to England. This situation created a money shortage in Colonial America. The colonial government printed their own money and allowed colonists to use different foreign currencies along with it. Colonists often used the British currency of pounds, shillings, and pence for transactions. Colonial America shortage of money and lack of banks, explains the mixture of currency used in Cato’s inventory. http://www.learnnc.org/lp/editions/nchist-colonial/1646

    7. Parting Ways

      The definition of parting ways is when two people separate from each other. Cato Howe is an example. He separated himself from his former life to his new life. Cato shredded his former slave identity for a new identity. He gained a new identity through his hard work and military. He earned the right to be a free man. After Cato’s emancipation, his hard work did not end. He did not receive immediate military benefits after his service. He worked hard to accumulate wealth and establish a name for himself. Cato’s life ended for the better. He earned an estate valuing twenty-seven dollars. The decision to separate himself earned him a new successful life.

    8. This second cellar was filled with refuse and stone

      The second cellar find contained refuse and stone. Refuse is another term for garbage or waste. I think the waste in the cellar used to be stored food. It’s a common practice after harvesting season to place vegetables in there. Cellars keep food at a lower temperature and the humidity inside low. It prevents the food from freezing in the winter. During the summer months, it keeps food cool preventing it from spoilage.

    9. Cato was a common slave name

      I researched the meaning of the name Cato. When translated from Latin to English, the meaning of Cato came up as intelligent. In 1830, the South viewed slavery as a necessary evil. Cotton became an important cash crop for the South, so thus slavery became necessary. Slave owners defended their actions too by saying slaves were happy and content with their condition. Did slavery owners select this name for their slaves to strengthen their view on slavery? http://www.socialstudieshelp.com/lesson_30_notes.htm

    10. James F. Deetz

      James Deetz was a famous archaeologist and professor of anthropology at the University of California, Berkeley. He is known for building the field of historic archaeology. His career began at the Phoebe Apperson Hearst Museum of Anthropology at UC Berkeley. In 1979 Deetz became the director of the museum. The museum became the foundation for Deetz’s innovative explorations of early American life. Deetz became famous for his original interpretations of Pilgrim life in Plymouth, Massachusetts. Through his imaginative reconstructions of Puritan life, he contrasted the image of Puritan life. He studied their social life based on their tableware and other small things. He revolutionized the image of Puritans from dark, sober, and religious settlers to lusty Elizabethans who wore bright clothing and got into trouble.