35 Matching Annotations
  1. Sep 2020
    1. Both introverts and extraverts exhibited a marked increase in positive emotions during the extraverted week and a decrease during the introverted week.

      result of study

    2. We don’t think that introversion is a bad thing,” she explains. “But there has always been a strong correlation found between extraversion and positive emotion,” a finding which partially motivated the research.


    3. n short, acting extraverted appeared to be beneficial for those who were at least moderately extraverted to begin with, but seemed to havepsychological costs for the more introverted people


    4. sham

      ปลอม เลียนแบบ

    5. those in the acting-extraverted group gave higher ratings of their positive emotions,

      result in acting extrovert group: positive emotion

    6. Introverted participants in the acting-extraverted group also gave higher contemporaneous ratings of negative emotions

      negative emotion participant introvert act like extrovert

    7. if acting more extraverted would result in participants—particularly the introverts—feeling like they were faking.

      introvert participant: feel fake

    8. People like to be authentic

      result of study

    9. They sought to explore whether there were psychological costs or benefits to acting out of character

      question of the study

    10. Should they aim to be more gregarious or stay true to themselves? Recent studies suggest that adopting more extraverted behaviors might be worth the effort. While it may feel draining for some, there’s still a chance it could boost introverts’ happiness

      not necessary trying to act like extrovert


    1. aversion


    2. transcend

      v อยู่เหนือ

    3. conviction

      ความเชื่อมั่น, เชื่อว่ากระทำผิด

    4. What's interesting is relative levels of introversion tend to stay the same.

      the more get older, the introvert is still the same level, but the extrovert become introvert in more along spectrum

    5. demure

      adj เคร่งขรึม

    6. dignified

      adj สง่างาม เป็นผู้ดี

    7. reserved

      adj สงวนท่าที

    8. Men are more likely to be introverted than women are, but it's really very slight. But the real difference I think is in how it plays out, how it relates to cultural stereotypes.

      culturally, men should be dominant or silent

    9. same thing is true of introverts and extroverts.

      main idea: need both introvert and extrovert in workplace

    10. I think that introverts too have some of these same cultural biases. If you look at a culture that is sexist the women are upholding the sexist ideals in the same way that themen are.

      extrovert is more likely prefer because of cultural belief

    11. individuals brainstorming on their own come up with better ideas and more ideas than groups do.

      main idea: individual is better than group

    12. And work like school is geared around the way extroverts like to work?

      to sum up, both is need for work

    13. solitudeis equally a crucialingredient of creativity. So we really need both,

      world of introvert in work place

    14. solitude

      noun การอยู่โดดเดี่ยว being quiet or alone

    15. 'New Groupthink' which is the idea that creativity and productivity comes from a creative moments do often come from chance encounters, you have an important conversation and suddenly it gives you an idea about how to do things differently.

      world of extrovert in workplace

    16. charismaticin


    17. very magnetic, very charismaticin a job interview suddenly became very important.

      characteristic of introvert nowadays

    18. we moved from an agriculturalsociety into the world of big business. And that's when it reallybecame the case that to stand out and succeed in a company, with people that you had never met before

      become more introvert

    19. Western society is based on Greco-Roman ideals of the person that can speak well, a rhetorical ideal. We have always been to some extent a society that favours action over contemplation.


    20. encouraged to join group activities, even if they would prefer not to.

      encourage to be extrovert, so the introvert seem like outlier or dislike way to do

    21. nature favours the extrovert because you are taking kids and putting them into a big classroom

      extrovert way in education

    22. preference to be in a quieter setting.


    23. Shyness is about the fear of social judgments at a job interview or a party you might be excessively worried about what people think of you.

      definition of shyness

    24. extrovertsreally cravestimulation in order to feel at their best.


    25. introverts prefer lower-stimulation environments, that's where they feel at their most alive.