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  1. Last 7 days
    1. A greenhouse gas is any gaseous compound in the atmosphere that is capable of absorbing infrared radiation

      Definition of a greenhouse gas.

    1. defining personalized learning This link is included because there is a degree of research-based sources behind their comments. There is an easy to read graphic that succinctly characterizes personalized learning. It is written for someone who is beginning their understanding of this type of learning and plans to implement it at a future point. rating 3/5

    1. what is the definition of mobile learning This is a brief article that explains mobile learning for a layperson (not an academic). It is described in the context of schooling. It does not necessarily relate to informal learning specifically. The advantages (such as motivation and distance) are discussed, as well as the disadvantages (such as the potential for distraction). It is adequate as a definition. rating 3/5

    1. Digital ridesharing platforms, such as Uber and Lyft, are part of a broader suite of disruptive,matching market innovations that constitute what is sometimes referred to as the “sharing economy”

      clear definition of the sharing economy

    1. “sharing economies” of collaborative consumption(Botsman & Rogers, 2010), where people offer and share underuti-lized resources in creative, new ways.

      Gives a clear definition of what is the sharing economy

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    1. Japanese gardens (日本庭園, nihon teien) are traditional gardens[1] whose designs are accompanied by Japanese aesthetic and philosophical ideas, avoid artificial ornamentation, and highlight the natural landscape.

      Brief definition of a Japanese Garden.

    1. naturallzatlon

      for those who didn't know/forgot "the process by which U.S. citizenship is granted to a foreign citizen or national after he or she fulfills the requirements established by Congress in the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA)"

  2. Mar 2019
    1. tenements

      "A tenement is a multi-occupancy building of any sort, but particularly a run-down apartment building or slum building" for those who don't know

    1. lurid

      lurid - "very vivid in color, especially so as to create an unpleasantly harsh or unnatural effect" For those of you who didn't know

    1. powder

      gunpowder for cannons and other artillery

    2. lowering

      GANGNES: according to the Oxford English Dictionary, "to frown, scowl; to look angry or sullen"

    3. fugitives

      GANGNES: in this case, someone who is fleeing from danger; see Oxford English Dictionary

    4. outhouses

      GANGNES: In this case, according to the Oxford English Dictionary, the door to "subsidiary building in the grounds of or adjoining a house, as a barn, shed, etc."

    5. Chief Justice

      GANGNES: Note that MCCONNELL disagrees with HUGHES AND GEDULD and STOVER here about the importance of this title.

      From MCCONNELL 220: "In England, the presiding judge of any court with several members."

      From HUGHES AND GEDULD 215: "The nearest American equivalent [of "Chief Justice" here] (although there are many differences in the two offices) would be the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court."

      From STOVER: "The Lord Chief Justice of England is equivalent to the Chief Justice of the United States."

    6. sovereigns

      From MCCONNELL 220: gold coins worth two pounds, eighteen shillings (each)

      From DANAHAY 124: gold coins worth two pounds each ("the man has a lot of heavy money in his bag")

      GANGNES: Note that MCCONNELL's and DANAHAY's respective accounts of a sovereign's worth are not the same as one another or as HUGHES AND GEDULD's (and STOVER's) below.

    7. gold

      From HUGHES AND GEDULD: "refers to sovereigns: gold coins worth one English pound each."

      GANGNES: Note that HUGHES AND GEDULD's account of a sovereign's worth is not the same as MCCONNELL's or DANAHAY's above. STOVER (157) agrees with HUGHES AND GEDULD.

    8. carbonic acid gas

      From MCCONNELL 207: carbon dioxide

      From STOVER 149: carbon dioxide is heavier than air; it is emitted from erupting volcanoes into the low-lying areas around them

    9. gout

      From DANAHAY 127: blob

    10. ramifications

      From MCCONNELL 224: extensions

      From DANAHAY 127: new branches of "black smoke"

    11. disgorged

      From DANAHAY 124: spilled out

    12. brewer’s dray

      From DANAHAY 122: large cart breweries used to deliver beer

    13. horses’ bits

      From DANAHAY 122: a bit is a piece of metal that fits in a horse's mouth and forms part of the reins

    14. gride

      From DANAHAY 120: a grating/grinding sound

    15. insensible

      From DANAHAY 118: unconscious

    16. pugilistic

      From DANAHAY 117: related to boxing

    17. pony chaise

      DANAHAY 117: small carriage light enough for one pony to pull

    18. the sack of a cycle shop

      From DANAHAY 116: "sack"=looting

      GANGNES: The narrator's brother is one of the first to arrive during the process of looting a bicycle shop, which allows him to steal a bicycle before they are all taken.

    19. quick-firers

      From DANAHAY 114: rapid-fire artillery (like minute-guns)

    20. fitful cannonade

      From DANAHAY 113: a heavy artillery fire

    21. cumulus cloud

      From MCCONNELL 207: "A tall, dense, puffy cloud. Many readers during the First World War viewed this as a forecast of the use of poison gas."

    1. outhouse

      GANGNES: In this case, according to the Oxford English Dictionary, the door to "subsidiary building in the grounds of or adjoining a house, as a barn, shed, etc."

    2. parboiled

      GANGNES: according to the Oxford English Dictionary, "partially cooked by boiling"

    3. theodolite

      From MCCONNELL 175: "a surveying instrument with a telescopic sight, for establishing horizontal and vertical angles"

      From DANAHAY 85: "A mirror mounted on a pole, used in this situation to communicate the whereabouts of the Martians and warn the artillery of their approach."

    4. battery

      From MCCONNELL 173: "four to eight guns in the Horse Artillery of the time"

    5. cockchafer

      From MCCONNELL 190: European scarab beetle

      From DANAHAY 97: large European flying beetle

    6. wheal

      From MCCONNELL 184: "welt or ridge"

    7. towing path

      From MCCONNELL 183: "a path along the bank of a river for the horses or men who tow boats on the river"

    8. the thing called a siren in our manufacturing towns

      From MCCONNELL 183: "The word [used in this way] was still new at the time, and referred primarily to factory whistles."

    9. tidal bore

      From MCCONNELL 182: "an abrupt rise of tidal water flowing inland from the mouth of an estuary"

    10. portmanteau

      From DANAHAY 90: a large travelling bag or suitcase

    11. pollard willows

      From MCCONNELL 180: "willows cut back to the trunk, so as to produce dense masses of branches"

    12. grenadiers

      From MCCONNELL 178: "Originally, grenadiers were especially tall soldiers in a regiment employed to throw grenades. This practice was discontinued by the end of the eighteenth century, though the tallest and finest soldiers of their regiments continued to be called 'grenadiers.' After 1858, the only regiment officially referred to by the name was the Grenadier Guards, the First Regiment of the Household Cavalry."

      From DANAHAY 88: "originally 'grenade throwers,' but by this time an elite army regiment"

    13. vicar

      From MCCONNELL 178: "the priest of a parish"

    14. twelve-pounders

      From MCCONNELL 177: "Guns capable of firing a twelve-pound ball. Heavy artillery, like every other aspect of warfare, underwent a gigantic growth in hte late nineteenth century--especially after the German munitions maker, Alfred Krupp, developed the first all-steel gun in 1851."

      From DANAHAY 86: "artillery, heavier than field guns described previously"

    15. heliograph

      From MCCONNELL 175: "a moveable mirror, usually mounted on a tripod, used to transmit signals by sun flashes"

      From DANAHAY 85: "An apparatus for telegraphing by means of the sun's rays flashed from a mirror."

      Note: There is a photograph of heliograph operators in DANAHAY Appendix I.

    16. spinneys

      From DANAHAY 94: "small clumps of trees, not large enough to be a wood"

    17. CURATE

      From DANAHAY 93: "a member of the clergy who is either in charge of a parish or who is serving as an assistant in a parish."

    18. clangorous

      From DANAHAY 92: a loud, metallic ringing sound

    19. Sabbatical

      From DANAHAY 87: "literally means day of worship; people are dressed as if for going to church on Sunday"

    20. omnibus

      From DANAHAY 87: a horse-drawn bus

    21. rampart

      From DANAHAY 87: "a broad embankment raised as a fortification"

    22. assiduously

      From DANAHAY 86: busily

    1. mettle

      GANGNES: In this instance, according to the Oxford English Dictionary, "a person's spirit; courage, strength of character; vigour, spiritedness, vivacity"

    2. parapets

      GANGNES: In this instance, according to the Oxford English Dictionary, "a low wall or barrier, often ornamental, placed at the edge of a platform, balcony, roof, etc. ... to prevent people from falling"

    3. stupid

      GANGNES: In this case, not unintelligent, but rather, unaware or unknowing.

    4. small hours

      GANGNES: early hours after midnight ("wee hours")

    5. ululation

      From MCCONNELL 203: "crying or moaning"

      From DANAHAY 109: "a high-pitched cry that goes up and down the scale"

    6. wire guns

      From MCCONNELL 196: "Field pieces with finely-wound wire, coiled under tension, inside their barrels. An early form of rifling (introduced in 1855), the wire coil made it possible to construct a much thinner and lighter barrel than previously, and also increased greatly the effective range of the projectile. Wire guns were used extensively during the period, and in the First World War."

      From DANAHAY 103: "artillery with wire wound in the barrels that increased their power and range"

    7. heavy minute guns

      From MCCONNELL 206: "guns designed to fire at intervals of one minute"

    8. laid their guns

      From MCCONNELL 203: "prepared to fire"

    9. en masse

      From MCCONNELL 202: "in a body, in a crowd"

      From DANAHAY 107: "in one huge mass"

    10. walking out

      From MCCONNELL 199: courting

    11. quasi proclamation

      From MCCONNELL 197: "That is, an official statement which does not quite claim to be an official statement."

    12. field guns

      From MCCONNELL 196: "heavy cannon mounted on carriages"

    13. reservist

      From MCCONNELL 195: "The reorganization of the British Army included an emphasis upon the reserve forces; but there was considerable doubt throughout the years before World War I whether a 'reserve' soldier would really be able to function in a battlefield situation."

      From DANAHAY 102: "somebody in the army reserve force"

    14. Flying Hussars

      From MCCONNELL 193: "light cavalry specializing in swift attack"

    15. Sunday League

      From MCCONNELL 192: Sunday Leagues were "religious groups which gathered to protest the opening of pubs on the Sabbath"

      From DANAHAY 99: a Sunday League was a group "opposed to opening the pubs on Sundays [who] organized wholesome alternatives such as excursions"

    16. crammer’s biology class

      From MCCONNELL 191: "an advanced student or younger teacher who, for a fee, tutors other students in preparation for their examinations"

      From DANAHAY 98: a crammer was/is "somebody who helps students 'cram' for their exams. This was usually a graduate student or somebody with an advanced degree; Wells himself worked as a 'crammer' preparing students for science exams."

    17. tocsin

      From DANAHAY 106: alarm bell or warning

    18. promenaders

      From DANAHAY 105: "people dressed in their best clothes out for a stroll"

    19. hawkers

      From DANAHAY 104: "people who sold in the streets by shouting out the name of their product"

    20. roughs

      From DANAHAY 102: working-class young men

    21. lasses

      From DANAHAY 102: young women

    22. evensong

      From DANAHAY 102: evening prayer

    23. lungs

      From DANAHAY 101: "green spaces supposed to act like 'lungs' providing clean air for the rest of London"

    24. traps

      From DANAHAY 101: small carriages with two wheels

    25. menagerie

      From DANAHAY 100: "a collection of wild or foreign animals kept for exhibition"

    26. music-hall

      From DANAHAY 99: "a vaudeville type of entertainment in a theater comprised of singing, comedy and dancing"

    1. a rapidly fluctuating barometer

      GANGNES: This indicates that the weather is volatile and likely heralds an imminent storm. See Oxford English Dictionary on "barometer": "an instrument for determining the weight or pressure of the atmosphere, and hence for judging of probable changes in the weather, ascertaining the height of an ascent, etc" and Encyclopaedia Britannica entry.

    2. tea

      GANGNES: In this case, the equivalent of dinner or an evening meal (hence it being "six in the evening"). See Oxford English Dictionary: "locally in the U.K. (esp. northern) ... a cooked evening meal"

    3. stereotyped formula

      GANGNES: In this case, according to the Oxford English Dictionary, "something continued or constantly repeated without change; a stereotyped phrase, formula, etc.; stereotyped diction or usage."

    4. belligerent

      GANGNES: In this case, according to the Oxford English Dictionary: "waging or carrying on regular recognized war; actually engaged in hostilities," which is to say, the narrator is imagining, and is excited about, an epic war between the British and the Martians.

    5. close

      GANGNES: In this usage, according to the Oxford English Dictionary: "of the atmosphere or weather: Like that of a closed up room; confined, stifling, without free circulation"

    6. torpor

      GANGNES: according to the Oxford English Dictionary, "absence or suspension of motive power, activity, or feeling"

    7. Hist!

      GANGNES: an exclamation to quietly get someone's attention; similar to "Psst!"

    8. in skirmishing order

      From MCCONNELL 171: "formation for a conventional attack"

    9. dog roses

      From MCCONNELL 161: "European variety of rose, with very pale red flowers."

    10. Colossi

      From MCCONNELL 169: "giant figures"

    11. tripod

      From MCCONNELL 163: "Any three-legged support, although the most common instance of the 'tripod' for Wells's readers would probably have been the tripod on which older cameras were mounted."

    12. palings

      From MCCONNELL 159: fence pickets

    13. horse and dog-cart

      From MCCONNELL 159: "A light, two-wheeled vehicle with two seats, back to back: horse-drawn."

    14. sappers

      From MCCONNELL156: "military engineers, builders of trenches, fortifications, etc."

      From DANAHAY 69: "engineers who built bridges, forts and other structures the army might need"

    15. cowls

      From DANAHAY 83: the hood of a monk's garment

    16. ejaculatory

      From DANAHAY 82: disjointed, told in short bursts

    17. limber

      From DANAHAY 81: "the part of the carriage on which the gun is pulled, and from which it has to be 'unlimbered' or detached"

    18. in its wallowing career

      From DANAHAY 76: in its path

      GANGNES: In the 1898 edition, "wallowing" is removed.

    19. stress

      From DANAHAY 78: force

    20. squatter’s

      From DANAHAY 77: a squatter is "a person living in a building without paying rent"

    21. insensate

      From DANAHAY 76: without consciousness

    22. articulate

      From DANAHAY 76: jointed, able to bend and/or move

    23. smote

      From DANAHAY 75: struck or hit

    24. heard midnight pealing out

      From DANAHAY 75: church bells ringing

      GANGNES: Which is to say, the church bells rang in such a way that indicated the time was midnight

    25. good hap

      From DANAHAY 74: good luck

    26. fusillade

      From DANAHAY 74: "a round of coordinated fire by a body of soldiers"

    27. spanking

      From DANAHAY 73: speeding

    28. dish cover

      From DANAHAY 72: a large metal cover used to keep food hot

    29. bevy

      From DANAHAY 71: large group

    30. field gun

      From DANAHAY 71: "A piece of mobile artillery, usually pulled by horses."

    31. chariot

      From DANAHAY 68: a word for cart

    32. lassitude

      From DANAHAY 68: weariness, lack of energy

    1. shell

      GANGNES: An artillery projectile. See Wikipedia entry) on different kinds of shells.

    2. Deputation

      GANGNES: In this case, as defined by the Oxford English Dictionary: "a body of persons appointed to go on a mission on behalf of another or others"

    3. love-making

      GANGNES: courting

    4. incredible

      GANGNES: In this instance, unbelievable; the narrator is relieved that his wife believes his story about what happened to him because his neighbors did not.

    5. collision

      GANGNES: In this case, an attack or conflict. Stent and Ogilvy sent their telegraph before there was any sign of overt hostility from the Martians; they contacted the barracks so that the soldiers might come to the pit and protect the Martians from being attacked by humans, not the other way around.

    6. mounted

      GANGNES: riding a horse

    7. A boy from the town, trenching on Smith’s monopoly, was selling papers with the afternoon’s news.

      GANGNES: MCCONNELL is somewhat at odds with HUGHES AND GEDULD and STOVER here; H&G's identification of "Smith" as referring to the newsagent W. H. Smith is important to the print culture of Victorian Britain. I include MCCONNELL to show that critical/annotated editions are not infallible.

      From HUGHES AND GEDULD 205: "Cutting into or 'poaching on' W. H. Smith's monopoly of selling newspapers inside the station. The chain of W. H. Smith to this day has the exclusive rights to selling newspapers, magazines, and books in m any British railroad stations."

      From MCCONNELL 153: "'Trenching' means encroaching. The newsboy is selling his papers at a station where Mr. Smith has a permanent newsstand."

      From STOVER 91: "Reference to W.H. Smith, whose chain of stationery stores to this day has the exclusive rights to sell newspapers, books, and magazines in British railway stations."

    8. tempering

      From MCCONNELL 151: burning/roasting

    9. attenuated

      From DANAHAY 57: thin

    10. villas

      From DANAHAY 66: "The Victorian term for any large detached modern house."

    11. canard

      From DANAHAY 66: a joke or hoax

    12. cope

      From DANAHAY 64: a cloak or cape

    13. gloaming

      From DANAHAY 60: twilight

    14. incontinently

      From DANAHAY 60: immediately

    15. parabolic

      From DANAHAY 60: bowl shaped

    16. mustering

      From DANAHAY 59: "Literally collecting together, but here figuratively meaning becoming more numerous."

    17. accosted

      From DANAHAY 56: "spoke to or grabbed hold of"

    18. argon

      From HUGHES AND GEDULD 205: "a chemically inactive, odorless, colorless, gaseous element, no. 18 on the Periodic Table of the Elements. It had just been discovered and was in the news. Wells had written it up in 'The Newly Discovered Element' and 'The Protean Gas,' Saturday Review 79 (February 9 and May 4, 1895): 183-184, 576-577."

      GANGNES: The above articles from the Saturday Review are available in scanned facsimile here ("The Newly Discovered Element") and here ("The Protean Gas").

    19. erethism

      From MCCONNELL 151: "term describing an unusual state of irritability or stimulation in an organism"

    20. hummock

      From MCCONNELL 146: "a small knoll or hill"

    21. furze bush

      From MCCONNELL 143: "a spiny shrub with yellow flowers, very common throughout England and Europe"

    1. “Extra-terrestrial”

      GANGNES: This term was relatively new when Wells wrote the novel; it first emerged in the mid-nineteenth century and was generally used in scientific journals.

      Source:

    2. French windows

      tall windows that open out as glass double-doors

    3. half-a-dozen flys or more from the Woking station standing in the road by the sand-pits, a basket chaise from Chobham and a rather lordly carriage

      From DANAHAY 52: "Flys" and "basket chaises" are light horse carriages with two wheels pulled by one horse.

    4. fungoid

      From MCCONNELL 139: fungus-like

    5. furze bushes

      From MCCONNELL 143: "a spiny shrub with yellow flowers, very common throughout England and Europe"

    6. jobbing gardener

      From DANAHAY 51: "a gardener who does occasional work for different people"

    7. “touch”

      From HUGHES AND GEDULD 202: the game of "tag" in Britain

    8. taproom

      DANAHAY 49: "the pub room where beer is served 'on tap'"

    9. potman

      From DANAHAY 49: "a bartender opening the public house (pub) for the day"

    10. clinker

      From DANAHAY 48: "ash that has formed a hard crust"

    11. chronometer

      From MCCONNELL 128: a timepiece

    12. attenuated

      From DANAHAY 42: thinner; less dense

    13. secular

      From MCCONNELL 124: ages-long

    14. infusoria

      From DANAHAY 41: minute organisms, protozoa

    1. wigwam

      I don't know what this is so I looked it up "A wigwam, wickiup or wetu is a semi-permanent domed dwelling formerly used by certain Native American and First Nations tribes, and still used for ceremonial purposes"

  3. Feb 2019
    1. oxide

      From MCCONNELL 135: "Any chemical compound containing oxygen. The surface of the cylinder has been oxidized in the heat generated by its fall through the atmosphere."

    2. gas float

      From MCCONNELL 135: "a hollow tube or ball used to regulate the flow of a liquid or gas."

      From STOVER 69: "a harbor beacon erected on a floating hull containing bottled gas to fuel it."

    1. or language, in its full extent, means, any way or method whatsoever, by which all that passes in the mind of one man

      A somewhat indirect construction of human? Language is located in the mind? Therefore, humans have minds that they use for language? Or language that they use for minds?

    2. articulate

      Articulate:

      Definition: (noun) Having or showing the ability to speak fluently and coherently; having joints or jointed segments; (verb) pronounce (something) clearly and distinctly; express (an idea or feeling) fluently and coherently; form a joint.

      Origin: Mid-16th century: from Latin articulatus, past participle of articulare ‘divide into joints, utter distinctly’, from articulus ‘small connecting part.

    3. elocution

      Elocution:

      Definition: The skill of clear and expressive speech, especially of distinct pronunciation and articulation; a particular style of speaking.

      Origin: Late Middle English (denoting oratorical or literary style): from Latin elocutio(n-), from eloqui ‘speak out’ (see eloquence).

    4. only those who are in a state of warfare

      I applaud Sheridan's attempt to enlighten our understanding of language in this way. He paints himself into a corner, but rather than stopping, he just keeps painting.

    5. he same in all nations, and consequently can e

      So while words vary widely and have no direct relation to the ideas they represent, tone is universal. Here we have another claim about the human: it is one who uses tone in a certain way.

    6. ing from what

      This seems like a break from Locke, and possibly even from Hume.

      A hu(man) has things other than ideas running through its mind.

    7. fix, the precise meaning

      In the style of Locke and Plato's Socrates, let us start....with definition!

    1. 1. Explore the current situation. Paint a picture in words by including the “presenting problem,” the impact it is having, the consequences of not solving the problem, and the emotions the problem is creating for those involved.

      This step is somewhat similar to the EEC (Evidence/Example Effect Change/Challenge) model, often used with Feedback?

    1. educational mythology presents an unrealistic picture of theefficacy of schooling.

      (helps me distill the argument in this piece)

    1. Wise men induce this condition in themselves by an act of volition.

      So Vico's definition and practice of rhetoric allows for one's self to be both the agent and subject of eloquence. Interesting.

    2. \·e11.m.\· c·o1111111111i

      Oxford reference: "Not common sense in its ordinary meaning, but in Aristotle (De Anima, II, 1–2) and following him Aquinas and others, a central cognitive function that integrates and monitors the delivery of the other distinct senses, as when a shape is both seen and felt."

      Kant discusses this concept extensively, but his definition is closer to "common sense" than Aristotle's.

    1. And if the same qualities, in a continued composition and in a smaller degree, affect not the organs with a sensible delight or uneasiness, we exclude the person from all pretensions to this delicacy.

      Limitations are being set. If organs cannot be affected or if the affect isn't "sensible", what of the one experiencing it?

    2. explanation ofthe tenns commonly ends the controversy

      Hence why definition is needed to start, not once the argument's already gathered steam (as Locke also points out). While I find merit to this, I dislike agreeing with anything Socratic/Platonic on principle.

    1. Who ever that had a mind to under· stand them mistook the ordinary meaning

      Locke assumes that such a person does not exist, defining human as "one who understands all simple modes/ideas."

    2. before they went any further on in this dispute, they would first examine and estab-lish amongst them, what the word liquor signi-fied.

      Thanks, Socrates (she said sarcastically).

    3. which another has not organs of faculties to attain; as the names of colours to a blind man, or sounds to a deaf man, need not here be mentioned.

      Restrictions on intelligibility and comprehension, which by extension imply a restriction on what's human or universal

    1. epitopes

      An epitope, also known as antigenic determinant, is the part of an antigen that is recognized by the immune system

  4. Jan 2019
    1. immanenc

      The doctrine or theory of immanence holds that the divine encompasses or is manifested in the material world.

    2. This field is notaiming at anything like a consensus about a new ‘humanity’, but it givesus a frame for the actualization of the many missing people, whose‘minor’ or nomadic knowledge is the breeding ground for possiblefutures.

      Again, tagging for definition

    3. o actualize the emergence of amissing people

      tagging for definition

    4. posthumanitie

      commenting just to tag this

    1. caliphate

      A caliphate (Arabic: خِلافة‎ khilāfa) is a state ruled by an Islamic leader known as a caliph. This is a person considered a religious successor to the Islamic prophet, Muhammad, and a leader of the entire muslim community.

    1. n short, it may very well be the case that the rhetoricaltriangle is about as useful as a joystick in eXistenZ—in other words, it mayoffer us the sense that we are in control of the game, but we will miss outon all the action as a result

      This is going back to the typical "problem" of not being able to define rhetoric. On one hand, it seems like we have a handle on what rhetoric can be(triangle, joystick), but if we want to stick to that one solid definition, we will miss out on everything else it can be/not be/do/try to do, etc.

    1. Teachingpresence includes three areas: design, facilitation, and directinstruction (Garrison & Akyol)
    2. one of the most influential definitions of sense of communityis the one advanced byMcMillan and Chavis (1986):“a feeling thatmembers matter to one another and to the group, and a shared faiththat members' needs will be meet through their commitment to betogether”(p.9)

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    Annotators

    1. It is the story that hid my humanity from me

      i.e. one story's version of being human compared to another.Similar to what I was saying in the prior paragraph.

    2. f to do thatis human, if that's what it tak§, tnen I am a human being after all. 'Fully, freely, gladly, for tneficst time.

      This brings us back to the point that the definition of human is similar to the definition of rhetoric. The more you try to define either, the more confusing and exclusionary each can get. Just like rhetoric, there is no one way to define human, but instead you stack all definitions on top of each other, without one superseding the others. The definitions are also situational, like Le Guin being human by this definition, but not by the previous one about killing.

    3. The society, the civilization they were talking about, these theoreti-cians, was evidently theirs; they owned it, they liked it; they were human, fully human, bashing, sticking, thrusting, killing. Wanting to be human too, I sought for evidence that I was; but if that's what it took, to make a weapon and kill with it, then evidently I was either extremely defective as a human being, or not human at all. That's right, they said. What you are is a woman. Possibly not human at all, certainly defective. Now be quiet while we go on telling the Story of the Ascent of Man the Hero

      Le Guin gives a definition of what it means to be human; the idea of theorists that humans must kill. Then, she makes it clear that this isn't the only definition of human, considering she's human and wouldn't/couldn't act in such a way. Then there's this awesome and gross little paragraph about women possibly not being human, but rather, defective and unworthy of having a say. Ouch.

    1. an opening of alterity

      Relates back to my earlier notion of the freedom that comes with not being definitely defined (or boxed in).

    2. when this question is put to us, it's entirely understandable that we mighthesitate. Maybe we aren't quite sure which idiom is offering us the question (isthe question curious or obligatory, dismissive or confused?). Or maybe we justhaven't come up with an answer that is pithy enough yet

      I have been asked by numerous audiences, "what exactly is rhetoric?" They understand the composition part of my studies, but are perplexed by my inability to explain/define the rhetoric portion. The fact that I can't nail down a definition doesn't make me uncomfortable like it does some. Most definitions I end up giving are to wordy for most... so they stop asking.

    1. aesthetic that has emerged in response to media convergence—one that places new demands on consumers and depends on the active partici-pation of knowledge communities. Transmedia storytelling is the art of world making.

      Transmedia storytelling

    2. fective economics" encourages companies to transform brands into what one industry insider calls "lovemarks" and to blur the line between entertainment content and brand mes-sages

      Affective economics - branded content/sponsored content

    3. ck Box Fallacy. Sooner or later, the argument goes, all media content is going to flow through a single black box into our living rooms (

      black box fallacy

    4. isa Gitelman, who offers a model of media that works on two levels: on the first, a medium is a technology that enables communication; on the second, a medium is a set of associated "protocols" or social and cultural practices that have

      Media (from Lisa Gitelman):

      1. technology that enables communication
      2. set of associated protocols, or social or cultural practices, that grow up around that technology
    5. onvergence, I mean the flow of content across multiple media platforms, the cooperation between multiple media industries, and the migratory behavior of media audiences who will go almost anywhere in search of the kinds of entertainment experiences they want. Con
    6. nvergence culture, where old and new media collide, where grassroots and corporate media intersect, where the power of the media producer and the power of the media consumer interact in unpredictable ways.
    1. al axio

      Axiom: a statement or proposition which is regarded as being established, accepted, or self-evidently true.

    2. depauperate

      "(of a flora, fauna, or ecosystem) lacking in numbers or variety of species"

    3. phytophagous

      A thesaurus' way to say herbivore, or feeding on plants.

    4. ductionism

      Reductionism: "the practice of analyzing and describing a complex phenomenon in terms of phenomena that are held to represent a simpler or more fundamental level, especially when this is said to provide a sufficient explanation" or rather, many biologists are interested in the big picture rather than smaller details for how ecosystems work.