1,249 Matching Annotations
  1. Last 7 days
    1. To be informed is to know simply that something is the case. To be enlightened is to know, in addition, what it is all about: why it is the case, what its connections are with other facts, in what respects it is the same, in what respects it is different, and so forth.

      The distinctions between being informed and enlightened.

      Learning might be defined as the pathway from being informed as a preliminary base on the way to full enlightenment. Pedagogy is the teacher's plan for how to take this path.

      How would these definitions and distinctions fit into Bloom's taxonomy?

      Note that properly annotating and taking notes into a commonplace book can be a serious (necessary?) step one might take on the way towards enlightenment.

    1. La définition de l’innovation selon Everett Rogers est un « processus par lequel une innovation est communiquée, à travers certains canaux, dans la durée, parmi les membres d’un système social ». En matière d’innovation en formation, le caractère innovant ou non d’un processus peut être précisé. La dilution de la technologie dans le fait social écarte la simple liaison entre technologie et innovation. La technologie est tellement présente qu’elle ne saurait être un indicateur suffisant d’innovation.

      Définition circulaire mais liée à une page wikipedia

    1. Argumentation is a verbal and social activity of reason aimed at increasing (ordecreasing) the acceptability of a controversial standpoint for the listener or reader
    2. If a speaker presents an argument to an audience, in which he asserts and defendsthe conclusion by appeal to the premises, I call this activity argumentation.
    1. Un objectif d’apprentissage décrit ce qu’un apprenant est capable de «faire» à un moment donné de son parcours d’études

      Objectif est une performance mesurable

  2. Jul 2021
    1. The term 'lemma' comes from the practice in Greco-Roman antiquity of using the word to refer to the headwords of marginal glosses in scholia; for this reason, the Ancient Greek plural form is sometimes used, namely lemmata (Greek λῆμμα, pl. λήμματα).


      No mention here of the use of headwords within the commonplace book tradition.

    1. Personas are still crafted, events exhaustively narrated, just now at industrial scale. The newsletters of today can be professional editorial operations, like Politico’s Playbook (which casts its readers as fellow Beltway insiders) or The Skimm (which casts them as brunch-drunk sorority sisters). They can also be scrappier, more idiosyncratic missives akin to personal blogs. Newsletters can be like newspaper columns, cut loose from institutional authority. They can be like podcasts that you cannot absorb while running errands, like zines without the photocopy static, like Instagram with the lifestyle recommendations rendered as text instead of subtext. Many newsletters partake in the limitlessly available navel-gazing of online media commentary. Newsletter writers describe the process of writing a newsletter; creators who monetize their personalities through their newsletters report on the ways that other creators are monetizing theirs.

      This seems a reasonable description of the depth and diversity of the newsletter idea.

    1. casus belli

      A casus belli is an act or event that provokes or is used to justify war.

  3. Jun 2021
    1. CMP or consent management platform is a platform or a tool to take consent from the visitor to use his/her digital identity for marketing efforts.
    1. At best, thesauruses are mere rest stops in the search for the mot juste. Your destination is the dic-tionary.

      an apt definition of a thesaurus

    2. It just seemed d ead easy-a rip, a scam-to tickle some machine and cause it to print money.

      A solid twelve year old's definition of writing.



    1. The lexicon (or, roughly, the base or essential vocabulary – such as "say" but not "said, tell, told")
  4. May 2021
    1. Knowledge management is the process of capturing, codifying, and exploiting knowledge for long term use

      this defenition of knowledge is about verbs and processes, but the term of "long term use" with no objects, and have no idea about what, when and how to use

    1. Any code designed to do more than spread the worm is typically referred to as the "payload".
    1. Recueil des actes administratifs

      Le recueil des actes administratifs recense les décisions des services de l'État et de certaines autorités administratives dans la région Île-de-France et dans le département de Paris, dont la publicité est obligatoire (principalement les actes réglementaires de portée générale). Le délai de recours contentieux à l'encontre de ces actes commence, en effet, à courir à compter de leur publicité effective.

  5. Apr 2021
    1. Definition of Done

      A great article on how the DOD applies now to the Scrum Guide and the Scrum Team. The emphasis that the entire Scrum Team creates the DOD prevents from misunderstandings in the future, as I’ve personally witnessed in the past.


    1. “The entire Scrum Team is accountable for creating a valuable, useful Increment every Sprint.” While there are still explicit accountabilities for the Product Owner, Scrum Master, and Developers, all three roles must work together effectively in order to be successful with Scrum.

      While the SM worked closely with the Dev team to support them creating the DOD, with this new emphasis on entire Scrum Team the potentially odd moments of ownership and contribution from the SM/PO to the DOD are less likely to happen.

    1. the Scrum Team must create a Definition of Done

      It’s a mutual effort of the whole Scrum Team to create the DOD. Stephanie describes that well in her article: https://www.scrum.org/resources/blog/2020-scrum-guide-definition-done-created-scrum-team

    1. L’instruction, c’est l’acquisition de connaissances grâce à l’enseignement. L’éducation, c’est le développement de la capacité à être soi tout en étant avec les autres, à ménager ses relations avec eux, à participer à la vie sociale, à intérioriser la culture commune. On peut être convenablement éduqué et socialisé sans pour autant être très instruit. Mais on ne peut pas s’instruire, on ne désire pas apprendre si, d’abord, on ne bénéficie pas d’une certaine socialisation.
    1. the term historical revisionism identifies the re-interpretation of a historical account.[1] It usually involves challenging the orthodox (established, accepted or traditional) views held by professional scholars about an historical event or time-span or phenomenon, introducing contrary evidence, or reinterpreting the motivations and decisions of the people involved.
    1. is a mechanism designed for creating an external host for character-mode subsystem activities that replace the user interactivity portion of the default console host window

      My paraphrase: A pseudoterminal replaces (fakes/pretends to be?) the user interactivity portion.

    1. "Wry" evolved from a meaning of "to twist". Applied to humor, it refers to humor that is bitterly or disdainfully ironic or amusing; distorted or perverted in meaning; warped, misdirected, or perverse; words that are unsuitable or wrong; scornful and mocking in a humorous way--it covers a lot of territory (see WordReference.com).
    1. cleverly and often ironically or grimly humorous

      technically a definition for just "wry" but seems to also actually define/describe "wry humor" too, no?

    1. glossolalia

      Merriam-Webster define glossolalia as

      ecstatic, typically unintelligible utterance occurring especially in a moment of religious excitation —usually plural

    1. ecstatic, typically unintelligible utterance occurring especially in a moment of religious excitation —usually plural


    1. We will dispatch rewards from our factory to our FOUR 3rd party fulfillment centers, to keep things as friendly* as possible worldwide in accordance with all worldwide laws. *"Friendly" to us means: We will collect and pay VAT/Taxes upon importing to our  fulfilment centers on everyone's behalf so we can send your rewards DDP vs DAP.  If we were not "Friendly" - we would send games direct (DAP) and you would have to pay VAT and admin fees as well as a postal fee to "pick up" your reward locally - vs DDP where that is all done for you and the reward is delivered to your doorstep, "friendly".  It costs lots of money to ship 4 containers to 4 different fulfilment centers - but we do that in an effort to help our backers and to be *friendly.
    1. False affordances occur when a feature of an item suggests a use that the item can’t actually perform.
    2. For instance, when you see a door handle, you assume its function is to open a door. When you see a light switch, you assume it can be flicked to turn on a light. When looking at a chair, you know it can be sat in. All of these are affordances. Don Norman refers to affordances as relationships in his book The Design of Everyday Things. He goes on to say that, “when affordances are taken advantage of, the user knows what to do just by looking: no picture, label, or instruction needed.”
    3. What is an affordance? An affordance is a compelling indicator as to how an item operates and includes both its perceived and actual functions.
    1. <aside> is appropriate if the side note "could be considered separate from the content"

      From a programmer's perspective:

      • It shouldn't be in an <aside>, if it is actually directly about what is in <main>
      • An <aside> should be able to be evaluated on its own, (almost entirely) in isolation from, and not dependent on anything in, the <main> content. This could be especially important/relevant for screen readers.
    2. In my opinion, the W3C definition is unnecessarily confusing and restrictive. The dictionary definition of aside is "a temporary departure from a main theme or topic", and the spec should just stick to that, rather than introducing subtle distinctions.
    3. The dictionary definition of aside is "a temporary departure from a main theme or topic"
  6. www.thefreedictionary.com www.thefreedictionary.com
    1. a temporary departure from a main theme or topic; brief digression.
    1. Tangentially is defined as briefly mentioning a subject but not going into it in detail, or is defined as going off in a different direction.

      in the case of

      briefly mentioning a subject but not going into it in detail the topic/subject need not be related at all (it sounds like).

      What about in the case fo:

      is defined as going off in a different direction. Does the fact that it's going off in a different direction imply that it at least starts out connected/related to the original (starting point) subject (as it does in the geometry sense of tangential)? Or does it permit "jumping" to another topic (in another direction) without being related/connected at all??

      I don't think I like this definition very much. It doesn't quite fit the sense I'm trying to use it for in my tag:

      tangentially related content (aside)

      Ah, here's a definition that matches what I thought it meant (one of the senses anyway): https://hyp.is/3Bn2bpZ7Eeu3Ok8vg03AVA/www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/tangential

    1. a remark or passage that departs from the theme of a discourse : digression The speaker inserted some often amusing parentheses during his speech.
    2. an amplifying (see amplify sense 1) or explanatory word, phrase, or sentence inserted in a passage from which it is usually set off by punctuation explained further in a parenthesis
  7. Mar 2021
    1. graph theory is the study of graphs, which are mathematical structures used to model pairwise relations between objects
    1. A general and intuitive description is that words in a semantic field are not necessarily synonymous, but are all used to talk about the same general phenomenon.
    2. A semantic field denotes a segment of reality symbolized by a set of related words. The words in a semantic field share a common semantic property
    1. any form of activity, conduct, or process that involves signs, including the production of meaning. A sign is anything that communicates a meaning, that is not the sign itself, to the interpreter of the sign. The meaning can be intentional such as a word uttered with a specific meaning, or unintentional, such as a symptom being a sign of a particular medical condition. Signs can communicate through any of the senses, visual, auditory, tactile, olfactory, or taste.
    1. In logic, it is the practice of treating two distinct concepts as if they were one, which produces errors or misunderstandings as a fusion of distinct subjects tends to obscure analysis of relationships which are emphasized by contrasts
    1. Analysis involves reaching a richer and more precise understanding of each requirement and representing sets of requirements in multiple, complementary ways.

      The most interesting point to me here is the part:

      representing sets of requirements in multiple, complementary ways.

      Please elaborate...

    1. A polyseme is a word or phrase with different, but related senses.
    2. is the capacity for a word or phrase to have multiple meanings, usually related by contiguity of meaning within a semantic field.
    1. “The Internet is a diverse set of independent networks, interlinked to provide its users with the appearance ofa single, uniform network.”

      I prefer this definition from former Google CEO Eric Schmidt, "The Internet is the first thing that humanity has built that humanity doesn't understand, the largest experiment in anarchy that we have ever had" at Internet World Trade Show, New York, 18 November 1999

    1. earlyblastomeres

      The cells in cleavage stage embryos

    2. nuclear transfer

      The steps involve removing the DNA from an oocyte (unfertilised egg), and injecting the nucleus which contains the DNA to be cloned.

    3. cumulus cells

      Cumulus cells are defined as a group of closely associated granulosa cells that surround the oocyte and participate in the processes of oocyte maturation and fertilization.

    1. Digital citizenship is the continuously developing norms of appropriate, responsible, and empowered technology use.

      In my opinion, I would describe ‘digital citizenship’ as having best practices of using technology appropriately for the benefit of all digital citizens. Where this encompasses the participative quality of a member to engage ethically in a digital community which finds attributes such as digital literacy, communication, education, etiquette, online safety are crucial, the understanding of how information is produced and valued are also of great importance.

    1. Let's define idealism as a rigid belief system in which you live your life based upon a morality as it is "supposed to be" or "should be,"
    2. let's define pragmatism as doing what is practical, regardless of how you things are supposed to be or should be
    1. It could be defined, tentatively, as "the quality in a technical system that prevents a user from restoring the system, once it has failed".
    1. Accounting or Accountancy is the measurement, processing, and communication of financial and non financial information about economic entities[1][2] such as businesses and corporations. Accounting, which has been called the "language of business",[3] measures the results of an organization's economic activities and conveys this information to a variety of users, including investors, creditors, management, and regulators.
    2. The terms "accounting" and "financial reporting" are often used as synonyms.
    3. The recording of financial transactions, so that summaries of the financials may be presented in financial reports, is known as bookkeeping, of which double-entry bookkeeping is the most common system.
    1. the “unit system,” in which a candidate would have to win a majority of votes and a majority of counties to claim victory.

      This system is still used today and is a popular form of system all over the world. The author includes this as a sign of relief as in how even out of something bad, a good thing was produced. Rather than simply listing out the bad things from this era, he also listed what good things came out of this. By doing this, the audience understands that he is not biased and improves his credibility. Also, the inclusion of the definition is needed here as some people may not know the meaning of the unit system.

  8. Feb 2021
    1. A Monad wraps a value or a computation with a particular context. A monad must define both a means of wrapping normal values in the context, and a way of combining computations within the context.
    1. This text wound up founding the discipline which we today call "metaphysics", and one way to describe what this subject encompasses is that it covers things at a level of abstraction above physics.
    1. A free cultural work (free content) is, according to the definition of Free Cultural Works, one that has no significant legal restriction on people's freedom to: use the content and benefit from using it, study the content and apply what is learned, make and distribute copies of the content, change and improve the content and distribute these derivative works.
    2. A free cultural work (free content) is, according to the definition of Free Cultural Works, one that has no significant legal restriction on people's freedom to:
    3. A free content, libre content, or free information, is any kind of functional work, work of art, or other creative content that meets the definition of a free cultural work.
    1. a framework containing the basic assumptions, ways of thinking, and methodology that are commonly accepted by members of a scientific community. such a cognitive framework shared by members of any discipline or group:
    1. The balance of paymentsof a country is a record (usually for a year) of all transactions between the residents of the country and the residents of other countries

      Definition of BOP



    1. Person - definition of entropy

      • Clausius - entropy from Greek "Transformation"
      • Leon Cooper (1968) - lost heat
      • dictionaries - unavailable energy
      • Arieh Ben-Naim - missing information (or uncertainty)



    1. The basic classification of a form object is a class that contains writable attributes, validations and logic to persist the attributes to ActiveRecord objects. These forms can also include other side-effects like background job triggers, emails, and push-notifications etc. The simplest way to understand the concept is to think of them as a representation of a controller action where all of the business logic that happens in that controller action is abstracted into a form object.

      This definition may be a bit too broad. Others (like Reform) define it to have smaller scope — only the part where it persists/validates attributes. The other side effects might be better to put in a different location, like the controller action, or a service/processor object that has a form object.

    1. I take my own definition of the word “community” from educational theorists Etienne and Beverly Wenger: “communities of practice are groups of people who share a concern or a passion for something they do, and learn how to do it better as they interact regularly.” I like this definition because it is so broad while capturing a really specific truth about groups.
    1. Turbolinks is a Single-Page Application Turbolinks doesn't just give you some of the benefits of a single-page app. Turbolinks is a single page app. Think about it: When someone visits your site, you serve them some HTML and Javascript. The JavaScript takes over and manages all subsequent changes to the DOM. If that's not a single-page app, I don't know what is.
    1. Keep your personal burn rate low.  This alone will give you a lot of opportunities in life.

      Burn rate — how much time you have to invest in stuff before you have a “positive cash flow”

    1. innovative learning involves both major and minor excursions into the unfamiliar, including efforts to formulate, explore, and test possibilities regarding the design of a learning experience in all of its contextual uniqueness.

      DOI: When compared to Maintanence learning, this is taking the mundane everyday tasks of a job, and going into unexplored territory to find solution and new ways to complete the job at hand.

    2. maintenance learning, refers to becoming familiar with extant knowledge, practices, and tools, such that designers can engage in the same work, in approximately the same manner, as others in the field—for example, using a software program in originally-intended ways for fairly well-understood applications relevant to design.

      DOI: This explains everyday knowledge needed to maintain and complete the same job everyday.

    1. Fluent or prolific thinking refers to the thinkers’ ability to generate a multitude of ideas and concepts.

      DOI: Fluent - this refers to a thinkers ability to generate a mulittude of ideas and concepts.

      I feel like I am a fluent thinker, I finally found a word to describe what I have felt all my life. I can generate so many solutions to problems yet many may be far-fetched or unreasonable, but in my mind it is a solution.

      This is great for brainstorming I have realized over my life.

    1. engages the learners and goes beyond their expectations.

      DOI: Creative Instruction - Engages learners and goes above thier expectations.

      Another interesting take on creative instruction. I like that they define it as going "beyond [learner] expectations".

    2. instruction that keeps learners motivated while still meeting the objectives of the instruction.

      DOI: Creative instruction - Motivating instruction that stays on task.

      Great definition that hints at what creative intruction looks like.

    3. quaIity movement we have learned that quality is determined not by the attributes of the product but by the satisfaction of the customer. “What the customer wants, the customer gets” is the motto of the quality movement.
    4. instructional analysis process, i.e., the process used to analyze the instructional goal in order to identify the subordinate skills that must be included in the instruction.
    5. Formative evaluation

      Formative evaluation is so important to include, and not just as a means to assess the designer's level of creativity or how the learner perceived the content. It can also be used to evaluate the learner's progress and degree of comprehension of the material.

      Furthermore cyclical revisions improve the content for the next cohort of learners, and there's a constant feedback loop that can improver the overall learning experience. It's important not to neglect or overlook the impact that formative evaluations can have.

      When I was in school, I often felt like formative evaluation was not a key priority. The summative evaluations had the most emphasis and consequently received the most attention because they impacted final course grades.

    6. Keller’s (1987) ARCS Model as a means of systematically addressing the motivation of learners.

      I wonder if the ARCS Model reflects Robert M. Gagne's events of instruction? I think I recall 1) "gaining the attention of the learner" as a shared component among the two types of models.

    7. instructional strategy

      Instructional Strategy

      • What is the mode of instruction?
      • How is content organized and presented to the learner?

      I also think it's important that the instructional strategy complements the instructional content and the goals/objectives that you want the learner to achieve.

      For example, for acquiring skill-based knowledge, it's helpful to integrate practice sessions where you can actually apply your newly learned skills. Whereas if the goal is to deliver content to a large population, a lecture-style might serve the purpose better.

      So, I think that it's important to ensure that the instructional strategy is tailored to the content as well as to the learner to ensure a successful outcome and a positive learning experience for the individual.

    8. learner analysis

      Learner Analysis is consistently a key priority when delivering instruction. Knowing who your learners are means knowing the whole student and leveraging their natural abilities to connect with the content.

    1. Un digisexuel est une personne qui considère les technologies immersives comme les robots sexuels et la pornographie en réalité virtuelle comme partie intégrante de son expérience sexuelle et qui ne sent pas le besoin d’intimité physique avec un partenaire humain.

      définition + idée d'exclusivité de l'objet du désir : l'unicité et la déviance de l'objet sexuel pose la question d'un possible cas de perversion

    1. UNS 1 / catégorie 1 : il assure au moins 90 % de filtration de particules de 3 microns. Contrairement à un masque chirurgical, celui-ci a comme avantage d’être lavable et réutilisable. Suivant un avis du Haut conseil de santé publique publié le 20 janvier 2021, un décret du 27 janvier 2021 recommande de ne commercialiser que des masques « grand public » relevant de cette catégorie, en les affichant comme tels, sous réserve qu’ils aient été testés au préalable.
    1. charismatic megafauna

      "a term used to refer to the plant and animal species that have a large appeal, perhaps due to an attractive appearance, to a global audience ... generally associated with environmental activism and conservation messages" - WorldAtlas.com

    1. Popup - You don't need to deal with these messages right away, yet at some point you will need to take action since these won't go away until explicitly say say you don't want them around anymore.
    2. Popover/Tooltip/Hovercard - These are passive approaches to showing more information. These are used to add simple instructions or explanations or foreshadow what will happen if you click a link.
    1. A pop-up is a modal view that can either take form as a pop-up menu or a pop-up dialog. To my understanding, when we use the word “pop-up”, what we want to express is the pop-up motion effect on the call-out of the UI treatment.
    2. A popover is a transient view that shows on a content screen when a user clicks on a control button or within a defined area.
  9. Jan 2021
    1. Validity is a unitary concept. It is the degree to which all the accumulated evidence supports the intended interpretation of test scores for the proposed use. Like the 1999 Standards, this edition refers to types of validity evidence, rather than distinct types of validity. To empha-size this distinction, the treatment that follows does not follow historical nomenclature (i.e., the use of the terms content validity or predictive validity). (
    2. “a test is valid for anything with which it correlates” (p. 429). The idea here was that, if there were a “gold standard” of the con-struct (often, an earlier test), and if scores on the test correlated with that gold standard, the test could be inferred to be a measure of the construct. Note that this is a variety of the “if it walks like a duck and quacks like a duck, it must be a duck” argument.

      influenced by positivism

    3. Validity refers to the degree to which evidence and theory support the interpretations of test scores for proposed uses of tests”
    4. A construct is a theoretical entity hypothesized to account for particular behaviors or characteristics of people. Examples of constructs abound in the social sciences and include creativity, intelligence, various abilities and attitudes, personality characteris-tics, and value systems.
    1. a slogan is "a catchphrase or small group of words that are combined in a special way to identify a product or company,"
    1. And since auto is entirely based on content, we can say it is “indefinitely” sized, its dimensions flex. If we were to put an explicit width on the column, like 50% or 400px, then we would say it is “definitely” sized.
    1. success

      Success is defined differently by everyone and is relative to the individual.

      I will define success as the satisfaction that comes with improvement

    1. A tooltip is an element containing simple text content describing a particular element. It's hidden until the user desires more information from the element, e.g. before deciding to click a button.
    2. A popover is an interactive HTML tooltip. It can be a dropdown, menu, or any other kind of box that pops out from the normal flow of the document. This type of element contains non-vital functionality and can be hidden behind a click or hover to conserve space.
    3. Both are elements positioned near a "reference" element, and are hidden until they are triggered. They help conserve space by hiding secondary information or functionality behind a hover or click. They are positioned outside the normal flow of the document so when they are triggered, they are overlaid on top of the existing UI without disrupting the flow of content.
    1. Black and white thinking is the tendency to think in extremes: I am a brilliant success, or I am an utter failure. My boyfriend is an angel, or He’s the devil incarnate. This thought pattern, which the American Psychological Association also calls dichotomous or polarized thinking, is considered a cognitive distortion because it keeps us from seeing the world as it often is: complex, nuanced, and full of all the shades in between. An all-or-nothing mindset doesn’t allow us to find the middle ground.
    1. Sometimes called all-or-nothing, or black and white thinking, this distortion occurs when people habitually think in extremes
    1. A display manager is the component of your Operating system responsible for launching your display server and the login session. This is the reason it is sometimes called the login manager. The layout of the screen that you see while entering your username and password(the greeter), your login session and user authorization are some of the tasks that the display manager performs.
  10. Dec 2020
    1. What is a data-originated component? It’s a kind of component that is primarily designed and built for either: displaying, entering, or customizing a given data content itself, rather than focusing on the form it takes. For example Drawer is a non data-originated component, although it may include some. Whereas Table, or Form, or even Feed