1,435 Matching Annotations
  1. Last 7 days
  2. www.janeausten.pludhlab.org www.janeausten.pludhlab.org
    1. her mother’s rights and consequence

      This was common at the time - someone had to step up to play mother / become the lady of the house. Fanny Knight (Austen's niece) did it. This would be considered parentification now. (Definition "the assumption of a parentlike (or adult) role by a child.")

  3. Jul 2022
  4. bafybeicho2xrqouoq4cvqev3l2p44rapi6vtmngfdt42emek5lyygbp3sy.ipfs.dweb.link bafybeicho2xrqouoq4cvqev3l2p44rapi6vtmngfdt42emek5lyygbp3sy.ipfs.dweb.link
    1. he aim of the present paper is to propose a radical resolution to this controversy: weassume that mind is a ubiquitous property of all minimally active matter (Heylighen, 2011). Itis in no way restricted to the human brain—although that is the place where we know it in itsmost concentrated form. Therefore, the extended mind hypothesis is in fact misguided,because it assumes that the mind originates in the brain, and merely “extends” itself a little bitoutside in order to increase its reach, the way one’s arm extends itself by grasping a stick.While ancient mystical traditions and idealist philosophies have formulated similarpanpsychist ideas (Seager, 2006), the approach we propose is rooted in contemporaryscience—in particular cybernetics, cognitive science, and complex systems theory. As such, itstrives to formulate its assumptions as precisely and concretely as possible, if possible in amathematical or computational form (Heylighen, Busseniers, Veitas, Vidal, & Weinbaum,2012), so that they can be tested and applied in real-world situations—and not just in thethought experiments beloved by philosophers

      The proposal is for a more general definition of the word mind, which includes the traditional usage when applied to the human mind, but extends far beyond that into a general property of nature herself.

      So in Heylighen's defintion, mind is a property of matter, but of all MINIMALLY ACTIVE matter, not just brains. In this respect, Heylighen's approach has early elements of the Integrated Information Theory (IIT) theory of Koch & Tononi

    1. somit ist eine Definition immer eine begründete Eingrenzung

      Was eine Definition ist und warum die Definition von Begriffen trotz der teils widerspruchsvollen Welt, auf die diese Begriffe zielen, sinnvoll ist.



  5. Jun 2022
    1. Embracing visions of a good life that go beyond those entailing high levels of material consumption is central to many pathways. Key drivers of the overexploitation of nature are the currently popular vision that a good life involves happiness generated through material consumption [leverage point 2] and the widely accepted notion that economic growth is the most important goal of society, with success based largely on income and demonstrated purchasing power (Brand & Wissen, 2012). However, as communities around the world show, a good quality of life can be achieved with significantly lower environmental impacts than is normal for many affluent social strata (Jackson, 2011; Røpke, 1999). Alternative relational conceptions of a good life with a lower material impact (i.e. those focusing on the quality and characteristics of human relationships, and harmonious relationships with non-human nature) might be promoted and sustained by political settings that provide the personal, material and social (interpersonal) conditions for a good life (such as infrastructure, access to health or anti-discrimination policies), while leaving to individuals the choice about their actual way of living (Jackson, 2011; Nussbaum, 2001, 2003). In particular, status or social recognition need not require high levels of consumption, even though in some societies, status is currently related to consumption (Røpke, 1999).

      A redefinition of a good life that decouples it from materialism is critical to lowering carbon emissions. Practices such as open source Deep Humanity praxis focusing on inner transformation can play a significant role.

    1. so what 00:03:11 is a collective illusion then right so like what's the definition simply they simply stated right collective illusions are situations where the majority in a group ends up going along with something that they 00:03:23 don't privately agree with simply because they incorrectly think that most other people in the group agree with it and and as a result entire groups can end up doing things that almost nobody really wanted

      Definition of collective illusion.

  6. www.e-flux.com www.e-flux.com
    1. a concept from Simondon: not identity but the differentiation process that makes it possible for me to become an individual. This is what he calls individuation.

      individuation as an internal or inward-looking process -- self-realization from the inside out; contrast individualization/individualism which is more superficial, about differentiating oneself from others but not of developing oneself beyond that difference

    2. neoliberal unconscious

      "a subject without a deep well of unconscious desire, obsessed with immediate enjoyment. No more delayed gratification."

  7. www.e-flux.com www.e-flux.com
    1. biopolitics

      the political relations between the administration or regulation of the life of species and a locality's populations, where politics and law evaluate life based on perceived constants and traits. according to Wikipedia.

      I read that as, the politics of the body, and how politics works upon the bodies of a polity.

  8. May 2022
    1. studies of the associations between common inter-individual variability in human brain structure/function and cognition or psychiatric symptomatology
  9. Apr 2022
    1. creative thinking as the “entire set ofcognitive activities used by individualsaccording to a specific object, problem, andcondition, or a type of effort toward aparticular event and the problem based on thecapacity of the individuals”

      Birgili's definition of "creative thinking"

    1. the user of the abstraction, sometimes also called the client, does not need to know the details as long as the user is aware of the way the interface works.

      Definition of abstraction

    2. An alternative definition for computer science, then, is to say that computer science is the study of problems that are and that are not computable, the study of the existence and the nonexistence of algorithms.

      definition of computer science

    3. Computer science is the study of problems, problem-solving, and the solutions that come out of the problem-solving process. Given a problem, a computer scientist’s goal is to develop an algorithm, a step-by-step list of instructions for solving any instance of the problem that might arise. Algorithms are finite processes that if followed will solve the problem. Algorithms are solutions.

      Computer science definition

    1. We call both of these things User Generated Content (UGC). LEGO accepts creative work as product ideas and Contest entries provided it follows the respective guidelines: Ideas for new LEGO products, sometimes referred to as “Projects” “Ideas,” or "Product Ideas," are subject to the Product Idea Guidelines. Entries to specific Contests, sometimes referred to as “Contest Entries,” or "Entries," are subject to the respective Contest Guidelines. ALL user conduct on the platform is governed by these Terms of Service and the House Rules.

      Defines "User Generated Content," which may also be referenced as "UGC."

  10. Mar 2022
    1. reproached

      address (someone) in such a way as to express disapproval or disappointment.

    2. To be a capitalist, is to have not only a purely personal, but a social statusin production.




    1. mono

      mononucleosis = the presence of an abnormally large number of mononuclear leukocytes, or monocytes, in the blood. - definition pathology

      Mononucleosis is an infectious illness that’s usually caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). It’s also called mono or “the kissing disease.”

    2. implication

      the act of implying:

    3. neonatologist

      the study of the development and disorders of newborn children.

    4. dismissed

      to discard or reject:

    5. devalued

      to deprive of value; reduce the value of.

    1. placemaking is the simple idea thatpeople ‘transform the places in which we find ourselves into places in4Theory, Culture & Society 0(0) by guest on March 28, 2016tcs.sagepub.comDownloaded from

      Placemaking Definition

    2. they are also subjects that fashion places by inscribingthem with their own interpretations, meanings, and cultural significance.This enterprise, which is not the dominant narrative in the social scienceresearch on black communities, is what we call black placemaking

      Black placemaking definition

    3. Black placemaking refers to the ability of residents to shift otherwiseoppressive geographies of a city to provide sites of play, pleasure, cele-bration, and politics.

      Black placemaking definition

    1. apologue 

      Petit récit servant à illustrer une vérité morale et instructive

      Dictionnaire de l’Académie française, 9e éd.

    2. urbanité

      Politesse, affabilité que donne l’usage du monde.

      Dic. Acad. fr., 8e éd.

    3. dolichocéphale

      Dont le crâne a une longueur très supérieure à sa largeur. Composé à l’aide du grec dolikhos, « long, allongé »

      Comme un voisin du haricot, le dolic : du grec dolikhos, « haricot »

      Dico. de l'Acad. fr., 9e éd.

    4. campo 

      XVe siècle. Emprunté de l’argot latin des écoliers campos (dare, habere), proprement « (accorder, avoir) les champs », c’est-à-dire « (donner, avoir) la permission d’aller jouer aux champs ».

      Soit repos, relâche que l’on accorde ou que l’on s’accorde.

      Dic. Ac. fr., 9e éd.

    5. malingre

      De constitution faible et maladive, d’apparence chétive.

      Dictionnaire de l'Acad. fr., 9e éd.

    6. envie lie-de-vin

      Envie : marque, tache, malformation de la peau d’origine embryonnaire qu’on croyait être une suite des impressions reçues par la mère du nouveau-né pendant la grossesse (syn. pop. de Nævus).

      Lie-de-vin : d’un rouge violacé

      Dictionnaire de l'Acad. fr., 9e éd.

    7. vermouth

      Vin blanc dans lequel on a fait infuser des plantes amères, toniques et aromatiques.

      Dictionnaire de l'Académie française, 8e éd.

    8. banian

      Marchand chez les Indiens, et par extension, Habitant de l’Inde, appartenant à la religion brahmanique.

      Dictionnaire de l'Académie française, 7e éd.

  11. Feb 2022
    1. digital literacy

      To me, digital literacy is when an individual has the skills to learn and work in a society where communication is big. Communication is a major key aspect of digital literacy because of this.

    1. écornifle

      Se procurer par la ruse, par le recours à des moyens détourné / érafler

    1. A Knowledge Graph is a self-descriptive knowledge base where data and itsschema are stored in a graph format, and the relations/connections between data arefirst-class citizens.

      Definition: KG

    1. Definition 2 (Wang et al. [5]). A knowledge graph is a multi-relational graph composed of entities and relations which areregarded as nodes and different types of edges, respectively.

      Strukturelle Definition: KG

    2. Definition 1 (Ehrlinger and W ̈oß [12]). A knowledge graphacquires and integrates information into an ontology and appliesa reasoner to derive new knowledge.

      Funktionale Definition: KG

  12. cob.silverchair-cdn.com cob.silverchair-cdn.com
    1. in vivo

      Done with or within a living organism.

    2. transactivation

      increased rate of gene expression triggered by biological processes or by artificial means.

    3. mesenchyme

      loosely organized, mainly mesodermal embryonic tissue which develops into connective and skeletal tissues, including blood and lymph.

    4. in situ hybridisation

      laboratory technique where a single-stranded DNA or RNA sequence called a probe is allowed to form complementary base pairs with DNA or RNA present in a tissue or chromosome sample.

    5. tran-siently expressed

      the temporary expression of genes that are expressed for a short time after nucleic acid.

    6. Xenopus

      clawed frogs

    7. induction

      process by which the presence of one tissue influences the development of others.

    8. delamination

      formation and separation of laminae or layers; one of the methods by which the various blastodermic layers of the ovum are differentiated.

    9. mesoderm

      Germ layer that arises during gastrulation; the middle layer.

    10. Xenopus

      Aquatic Frog

    11. zinc-finger

      A zinc finger is a small protein structural motif that's characterized by the coordination of one or more zinc ions in order to stabilize the fold. It is a common DNA binding domain found in many transcription factors.

    1. burgeonin

      beginning to grow

    2. unctionalism,

      Functionalism is the doctrine that what makes something a thought, desire, pain (or any other type of mental state) depends not on its internal constitution, but solely on its function, or the role it plays, in the cognitive system of which it is a part.

    3. epiphenomenalism

      the view that mental states are caused by physical events in the brain, but have no effects upon any physical events.

    4. Hottentots

      Hottentot is a term that was historically used to refer to the Khoekhoe, the non-Bantu speaking indigenous nomadic pastoralists of South Africa.

    5. slugabeds

      One inclined to stay in bed out of laziness.

    6. 'nomological

      nomology refers to a "science of laws" based on the theory that it is possible to elaborate descriptions dedicated not to particular aspects of reality but inspired by a scientific vision of universal validity expressed by scientific laws



    1. intertheoretic identity

      intertheoretic reduction occurs when a reducing theory makes predictions that perfectly or almost perfectly match the predictions of a reduced theory,



    1. syrinx

      Réf. à Pan éponyme de cette flûte, divinité grecque ayant transformé la nymphe Syrinx qui la fuyait en roseau à partir duquel il fabriqua la flûte de Pan.

    2. l'aulétique

      (Antiquité) : Jeu de la flûte sans chant, art d’en jouer. L'aulète est le joueur d’aulos, un type particulier de flûte (souvent joué par paires, alors appelées auloï)

    1. ubiquitous

      Tenicia Daniels: Ubiquitous means present, appearing, or found everywhere (according to the Oxford dictionary).

    1. The term fake news means “news articles that are intentionally and verifiably false” [1] designed to manipulate people’s perceptions of real facts, events, and statements. It’s about information presented as news that is known by its promoter to be false based on facts that are demonstrably incorrect, or statements or events that verifiably did not happen.  Fake news “is fabricated information that mimics news media content in form but…lack(s) the news media’s editorial norms and processes for ensuring the accuracy and credibility of information” [2]. It overlaps with misinformation (false or misleading information) and disinformation (false information purposely spread to mislead people). The definition may seem a bit vague, but it’s important. People have used the term “fake news” to mean different things. Source: BBC News This definition eliminates unintentional reporting mistakes, rumors that don’t originate from a news article, suspicions/interpretations/conspiracy theories, satire, and biased (but not false) reports. It also leaves out sweeping indictments of mainstream media. The President likes to call “fake news” the reporting of uncomplimentary things that seem distracting or insignificant, which cast him in a negative light in the context of successes that he thinks should be made more prominent.

      The term fake news has been thrown around lightly by people today and it is our responsibility to know its formal definition or what it entails. Among the many contexts it is used to today, it has assumed a political cloak wherein it is used to incite emotions rather than provide facts, and provide biased reports. This is misleading because it is more related to information disorders like misinformation, disinformation, and malinformation as the term 'fake news' is not limited to only news but to information in general. It has only taken on the form of mainstream media that is why people are mistaken of the term in general.

  13. Jan 2022
    1. inter alia

      among other things

    2. concomitant

      naturally accompanying or associated.

    3. venerable

      accorded a great deal of respect, especially because of age, wisdom, or character.

    4. fortiori

      A Latin term meaning literally 'from [the] stronger'. Translated into English and used in the particular context of legal writing, the term often means 'from [the] stronger [argument]'.

    5. evincing

      reveal the presence of



    1. Design-based research is a research methodology aimed to improve educational practices through systematic, flexible, and iterative review, analysis, design, development, and implementation, based upon collaboration among researchers and practitioners in real-world settings, and leading to design principles or theories.



    1. “youth culture”

      Definition: Youth culture refers to the societal norms of children, adolescents, and young adults

      • today's societal norms I feel like would revolve around the likes of something such as Tiktok. The app that blew up over quarantine is definitely something that I feel creates modern "youth culture". Almost everything from the hottest celebrities, and fashion and makeup trends, to sabotaging political activities is found within this app.
    1. The principle of least astonishment (POLA), aka principle of least surprise (alternatively a law or rule),[1][2] applies to user interface and software design.[3] It proposes that a component of a system should behave in a way that most users will expect it to behave. The behavior should not astonish or surprise users.

      Principle of least astonishment

    1. L’autisme est un trouble neuro-développemental caractérisé par des anomalies dans l’interaction sociale, dans la communication et dans le comportement

      à savoir

    1. Theory will be understood here as any attempt to make meaningful generalizations for interpreting or evaluating local experiences and practices.

      Functional definition of theory

    1. le regard attique

      Du grec attikos, « d’Attique, d’Athènes », Le dialecte attique. Les écrivains, les orateurs attiques / Goût, finesse attique, qui rappelle la délicatesse, la finesse du goût athénien

    2. libations

      Pratique religieuse consistant à répandre sur le sol, dans la mer, ou sur un autel, du vin ou un autre liquide en l’honneur d’une divinité ou des morts.

    3. la palestre

      Dans l'Antiquité grecque et romaine : lieu public où les garçons et les hommes se formaient aux différents exercices du corps [...] et s’adonnaient à des exercices de l’esprit, art oratoire, philosophie, grammaire. Les portiques, les bains d’une palestre.

    4. Douze mines

      Il est intéressant de noter qu'une "mine" était une unité de masse (et aussi monétaire) qui équivalait à 432 grammes d'argent dans la cité d'Athènes !

    1. There's a problem with 401 Unauthorized, the HTTP status code for authentication errors. And that’s just it: it’s for authentication, not authorization. Receiving a 401 response is the server telling you, “you aren’t authenticated–either not authenticated at all or authenticated incorrectly–but please reauthenticate and try again.” To help you out, it will always include a WWW-Authenticate header that describes how to authenticate.
    2. UNAUTHORIZED: Status code (401) indicating that the request requires authentication, usually this means user needs to be logged-in (session). User/agent unknown by the server. Can repeat with other credentials. NOTE: This is confusing as this should have been named 'unauthenticated' instead of 'unauthorized'.
    1. LPIPS

      Referring to Latent Perceptual Image Similarity.

    2. A counterfactual explanation is a statement of the form“Had the input xbeen ̃xthen the classifier output would havebeen ̃y instead of y”, where the difference between xand ̃xis easy to explain.

      Definition of a counterfactual explanation in ML.

  14. Dec 2021
    1. everyone at least pays lipservice to the psychic unity of mankind

      'psychic unity" : what does that entail? [Description]

    2. protean possibilities of human politics

      Protean means "tending to change frequently"

    3. seventeenth-century natural law theorists speculatedabout equality in the State of Nature: ‘equality’ is a default term, referringto that kind of protoplasmic mass of humanity one imagines as being leftover when all the trappings of civilization are stripped away.

      humans Minus the additions of civilization = egalitarian society

    1. slacken

      To diminish in strength. To become slow and less active.

    2. sharp north

      bitter cold of winter

      In some copies the 'north' is written 'frost.'

      It can also be interpreted as the sharp compass pointing north.

    3. hemispheres

      The eyes are the microcosm of the complete spherical sphere.

    4. declining west

      The direction of sunset (start of the cold night and time flow)

      Natural sign of direction.

    5. maps

      chart of the heavens

      In addition to sea and land exploration, astronomy was another interest of the intellectual of Donne's Era.

      Source: Redpath, The Songs and Sonnets of John Donne (1956)

    6. worlds

      Can be either interpreted as continents or celestial bodies.

    7. good-morrow

      good morning

    8. den

      A cave where wild animals live.

      Another expression to demean the immature pleasures the speaker and the addressee once enjoyed.

      Also, the imagery of cave connects to the Plato's allegory of the cave which is the inspirational basis for line 6 and 7.

    9. troth


      It can also be interpreted as a marital oath, implying that the previous night they spent together is not an ordinary one but a wedding night. The plausible addressee of this poem is Donne's wife , Anne More.

    10. weaned

      To start feeding food other than mother's breast milk.

      The speaker is supposing that everything that him and his lover did before they met and loved was infantile and immature.

    11. snorted


      It seems disrespectful to use a verb such as 'snored', which has lowly imagery, adjacent to a religious allusion. Maybe Donne was purposeful with this uncommon decision in order to diminish the power of religious interpretation and draw the readers' attention more onto the power of love itself.

    1. Mitra

      Mitra- god of light. His religion is called Mithraism. The choice of worship is explained in the third paragraph.

    2. iconography

      Iconography- a collection of images used to symbolize meanings or stories. It is no surprised Egyptians used this, as hieroglyphs also incorporate images in their artwork.

    3. The spread of the cult of IOM Dolichenus

      IOM, or Iovi Optimo Maximo, is his full name in Latin. It is called a cult because a person could not practive unless they were initiated into it. The proper term for this type of practice is mystery cult.

    4. «Oriental Religions» or «Oriental Cults»

      Oriental religion/Cult is defined as "originating in Anatolia and the Fertile Crescent" by the Oxford Classical dictionary. Interestingly enough, I found an article titled "Why Were The 'Oriental Cults' Invented" by Andrzej Gillmeister and Danuta Musial.

    1. hie

      From the Oxford English Dictionary: "To hasten, speed, go quickly."

    2. pleasance

      Mainly used in poetry, 'pleasance' means "The condition or feeling of being pleased; enjoyment, delight, pleasure, joy"

      Oxford English Dictionary

    3. damask

      Based on the time period (1599) and the subject (flowers), damask here refers to damask roses, "a species or variety of rose, supposed to have been originally brought from Damascus."

      Oxford English Dictionary

    4. care

      'Care' in this context means 'worry'.

    5. lecher


      A le(a)cherous or lustful person

      Dictionarium Anglo-Britannicum, John Kersey (1708)

  15. Nov 2021
    1. NFTs are the representation of a nonfungible asset in digital media. In a more technical definition, an NFT is a piece of software code that verifies that you hold ownership of a nonfungible digital asset, or the digital representation of the nonfungible physical asset in digital media.

      NFTs definition

    1. Side scatter measurement provides information about the internal complexity (i.e. granularity) of a cell. The interface between the laser and intracellular structures causes the light to refract or reflect. Cellular components that increase side scatter include granules and the nucleus (1). 
    2. FSC intensity is proportional to the diameter of the cell, and is primarily due to light diffraction around the cell.
    1. Chimeric reads occur when one sequencing read aligns to two distinct portions of the genome with little or no overlap. Chimeric reads are indicative of structural variation. Chimeric reads are also called split reads.
    1. WCS

      Worst Case Scenario

    2. A dominant cycle is the cycle that most influences price and market action within the observed time

      Dominant cycle definition

    3. signal line

      A signal line is a smoothed version of the original oscillator, that is, it is a moving average of the original oscillator values. As such, it will lag the original oscillator action. Signals are indicated as follows:

      ■ Oscillator crossing above its signal line is a buy (bullish) signal

      ■ Oscillator crossing below its signal line is a sell (bearish) signal



    1. The meta effect refers to the community reaction to certain posts here on Meta, in particular posts that point to another post on Stack Overflow. This tends to be a negative effect - people who come to complain/ask about posts on Stack Overflow on Meta are essentially inviting scrutiny and review of these posts. More often than not, it means a flurry of downvotes, close votes and delete votes on a post.
    1. Art, to me, is language. It’s a way to communicate something that words can’t make you think, understand, or feel. The dream of an autonomous artist is exciting because it mediates a conversation between us and technology. To make art, autonomous, feels like creating life: a machine in the aether that is trying to tell us something. We become symbiotic, like bacteria in our biological bodies, in creating a form of life that talks to itself, and to us through art.
  16. Oct 2021
    1. current larger trend

      definition current larger trend

    2. tandard Bullish

      Def of non-confirmation given in p.274

    3. A signal line is a smoothed version of the original oscillator, that is, it is a moving average of the original oscillator values. As such, it will lag the original oscillator action. Signals are indicated as follows: ■ Oscillator crossing above its signal line is a buy (bullish) signal ■ Oscillator crossing below its signal line is a sell (bearish) signal

      signal line def

    4. t is the difference between the MACD and its nine‐period

      definition of MACD Histogram !

    5. Open interest is simply the total amount of outstanding contracts in the futures and options markets. Unlike stocks, all futures and options contracts eventually expire. Open interest is therefore the number of unliquidated long or short contracts.


    6. whipsaws

      A condition of a highly volatile market where a sharp price movement is quickly followed by a sharp reversal

    7. ntrinsically Bullish Patterns: ■ Bullish Pennants ■ Bullish Flags ■ Ascending Triangles ■ Inverted Head and Shoulders ■ Rounding Bottoms ■ Cup and Handles ■ Falling Wedges ■ Double, Triple, and Multiple BottomsIntrinsically Bearish Patterns: ■ Bearish Pennants ■ Bearish Flags ■ Descending Triangles ■ Standard Head and Shoulders ■ Rounding Tops ■ Rising Wedges ■ Double, Triple, and Multiple TopsIntrinsically Neutral Patterns: ■ Symmetrical Triangles ■ Horizontal ChannelsIntrinsically Bullish Patterns with Respect to Trend Sentiment: ■ Bullish Pennants occurring in an uptrend ■ Bullish Flags occurring in an uptrend ■ Ascending Triangles occurring in an uptrend ■ Inverted Head and Shoulders occurring in an uptrend ■ Rounding Bottoms occurring in an uptrend ■ Cup and Handles occurring in an uptrend ■ Falling Wedges occurring in an uptrend ■ Symmetrical Triangles occurring in an uptrend ■ Horizontal Channels occurring in an uptrend ■ Broadening Formations occurring in an uptrendIntrinsically Bearish Patterns with Respect to Trend Sentiment: ■ Bearish Pennants occurring in a downtrend ■ Bearish Flags occurring in a downtrend ■ Descending Triangles occurring in a downtrend ■ Standard Head and Shoulders occurring in a downtrend

      Go see what all of these patterns are !

    8. Volatility Band

      Volatility band is +/- ATR where ATR is the Average True Range which is sort of a confidence interval given by the formula of this site : https://www.investopedia.com/terms/a/atr.asp



    1. ‘the regard that something is held to deserve, the importance, worth, or usefulness of thing’ (Oxford Dictionaries, 2014).


    2. cultural heritage significance” as cultural heritage having aesthetic, archaeological, architectural, cultural, historical, scientific, social, spiritual, linguistic or technological value.


    1. unfurling

      to spread or shake out from a furled state like a sail or a flag

    2. reticence

      state of being reserved; strained with regard to speaking freely



    1. Power, in most sociological studies, is con- ceived as the ability to exercise influence in a decision-making process

      What is Power:



    1. As Shaw so wittily shows us, Ruskin’s political perspective boils down to the basically Bolshevik belief that the people are the property of the regime. There is no such thing as a citizen—only a subject. The idea that the people can rule the government is just a fraud—like QAnon—but older. The government has no choice but to rule the people. This is the purely absolutist Renaissance or Machiavellian theory of sovereignty.

      Thank you.

  17. www.literacyworldwide.org www.literacyworldwide.org
    1. For example, it is worth discussing the process of Wikipedia

      I know that Wikipedia should never be used in a school setting, but I am curious as to why everyone uses it on a daily basis, myself included. If the information has a higher chance of being wrong anyways, why do we all take it as fact? I had learned before that anyone can basically change wikipedia pages, which makes anything that you read potentially very wrong. However, it is still one of the first sites that show up whenever you are looking up something. I wonder how it gained so much popularity from being so wrong. Do you think it has to do with easy to read information and quick access? Because I feel like it reiterates the cycle of using it over and over again. It generally is the top link, and I tend to click on the top link, which helps the algorithm of it going back to the top for other users and for wikipedia to show up for me personally, but how did it gain popularity in the first place?

    2. habits of mind surrounding technologies

      When I first think about digital literacies, I definitely think of it as a proficiency. When you are talking about literacy in a language, you are talking about proficient they are. For example, I am half white and half chinese, I can speak cantonese, but I cannot read or write. I would say that I am illiterate. I don't consider my norms and habits around the culture of being Chinese, for example, I don't consider playing Mojang or celebrating the lunar new year as making me literate with the culture. It is definitely something to think about when you are considering other contexts.

  18. clas3209.files.wordpress.com clas3209.files.wordpress.com
    1. visual comparanda.

      Visual compranda- a visual aid which helps compare something. This is in the context of not having enough crowns that we can compare each with. Overall, there were only five types of crowns. They also had very simple designs. For the most part, it was slim and portrayed as leaves.

    1. What is Digital Literacy?

      l think Digital Literacy is the ability to use information and communication technologies to find, evaluate, create, and communicate information. That doesn't mean only reading online could be recognized as digital literacy. As you can imagine, essential digital literacy skills go so much further.

  19. Sep 2021
    1. glasses

      Mirrors (not spectacles)

    2. plaguy bill?

      List of those who have died from illness - high fevers indicated coming death, as this refers to the "heats" in the previous line.

    3. chide

      Chiding an innocent person with physical unattractiveness is an act of demeaning oneself. Also, the "ruined fortune" is not due to one's extravagance but caused by inevitable outer forces. The author seems to approve his physical shortcomings, however, is also implicitly rebuking the provoker's imprudence and wasteful usage of his or her time in trivial (only materialistic) matters.

    4. forward spring remove?

      "When did my colds prevent the coming Spring from occurring?"

    5. canonized
      1. Declared a deceased individual a saint in the Roman Catholic Church.
      2. Placed in the literary or artistic canon; regarded as essential in those areas.
    6. hermitage

      Refuge; safe place.

    7. tapers


    8. Litigious men


    9. gout

      Disease that causes arthritis, especially in the feet

    10. palsy

      Paralysis, Unconscious tremors

    1. What any individual infers about their hopes and dreams for an e-reader derives from their understanding of reading in the first place. You can’t have books without bookiness.Bookiness. That’s the word Glenn Fleishman, a technology writer and longtime bookmaker, uses to describe the situation. “It’s the essence that makes someone feel like they’re using a book,” he told me. Like pornography or sandwiches, you know bookiness when you see it. Or feel it? Either way, most people can’t identify what it is in the abstract.

      definition: bookiness

      Does this only come out because there's something that's book-tangential or similar and it needs to exist to describe the idea of not-book, book-adjacent, or book-like on some sort of spectrum of bookishness.

    1. ving... Haste is seen as a lack of decorum combined with diabolical am

      Haste is seen as a lack of decorum combined with diabolical ambition.

      What a fantastic definition of haste!

      via P. Bourdieu, "The attitude of the Algerian peasant toward time", in Mediterranean Countrymen, ed. J. Pitt-Rivers (Paris, 1963), PP. 55

    1. nd I'm usingAfrican very loosely, because Africa is complex and there are multiple African ways ofknowing.

      I find it interesting that the speaker felt the need to point this out, and I find it even more interesting that there are multiple African ways of knowing but they all come together as the greater country.



    1. We should not frustrate those students who come to us hoping for answers to their expectations, to their doubts, to their desire to know. We

      This is something I want to point our for the simple fact of capitalizing on it!!! This is one of those things that any teacher can do/learn how to do regardless of their personality and I think it needs to be brought to the front of every classroom.

    1. Jot down connections and tangential thoughts, underline key passages, and make a habit of building a dialogue with the author(s).

      Some people consider annotations to be a conversation with the author. But you're also having a conversation with yourself and your own thoughts. (Cross reference Niklas Luhmann's having a conversation with himself via his notes.)

      Further, there are platforms like Hypothes.is or social platforms like Twitter where you can move the conversation out of the page and engage with others. However, for this Hypothes.is has more power because it keeps the conversation linked to the original text and the original context (which I'll explicitly translate here as "with the text") to underline the point.


      cum (Latin) : with

      textus (Latin) : tissue, web, texture, fabric, connection, language

      contextus (Latin) : context, connection, coherence, connexion, coherency, text

    1. costs of adaptation

      “Shall ensure that a share of the proceeds from activities under the mechanism referred to in paragraph 4 of this Article is used to cover administrative expenses as well as to assist developing country Parties that are particularly vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change to meet the costs of adaptation.”

    2. greenhouse gas emissions

      Greenhouse gas emissions are greenhouse gases vented to the Earth's atmosphere because of humans: the greenhouse effect of their 50 billion tons[2] a year causes climate change.

    3. mitigation

      mitigation, n. 1. Compassion, mercy, favour. Obsolete. 2.a. The action of mitigating or moderating; the fact or condition of being mitigated; an instance of this; spec. abatement or relaxation of the severity or rigour of a law, penalty, etc.; extenuation or palliation of an offence, fault, etc.; abatement or minimization of the loss or damage resulting from a wrongful act. OED

  20. Aug 2021
    1. paradigmatic

      I was not sure what this term meant in this context. After looking the term up on google, the definition that seems to fit is the denotation of the relationship between a set of linguistic items that form mutually exclusive choices in particular syntactic roles.

    1. "Das Wort „Zeit“, ..., ist ein Symbol für eine Beziehung, die eine Menschengruppe, also eine Gruppe von Lebewesen mit der biologischen Fähigkeit zur Erinnerung und zur Synthese, zwischen zwei oder mehreren Geschehensabläufen herstellt, von denen sie einen als Bezugsrahmen oder Maßstab für den oder die anderen standardisiert."
    1. An annotation on a program element (commonly a class, method, or field) is a piece of meta-data added to that program element which can be used to embellish that element with extra code.
    1. Isolation ensures that concurrent execution of transactions leaves the database in the same state that would have been obtained if the transactions were executed sequentially
    1. anthropocentric

      regarding humankind as the central or most important element of existence, especially as opposed to God or animals.