376 Matching Annotations
  1. Feb 2024
    1. Qualified education expenses paid on behalf of the student by someone other than the student (such as a relative) are treated as paid by the student.

      Does Tuition paid for graduate students by the professor (from research grants) count as a third party?

    1. Heute beginnt in Rom ein Prozess gegen den vom italienischen Stadt kontrollierten Fossilkonzern Eni. Greenpeace, die NGO ReCommon und 12 Personen aus verschiedenen Regionen Italiens wollen erzwingen, dass die Verantwortung Enis für die durch die Produkte des Konzerns verursachen Emissionen festgestellt und Eni gezwungen wird, entsprechen dem Pariser Abkommen zu agieren. Vorbild ist ein Prozess gegen Shell in den Niederlanden.https://www.liberation.fr/environnement/climat/en-italie-le-debut-dun-proces-sur-le-changement-climatique-contre-le-geant-eni-20240216_CIW2K74U3BHRBPVEFWUBTS26ZI/

      Report zu Enis Wissen über die Folgen der vom Konzern verursachen Emissionen: https://www.greenpeace.org/static/planet4-italy-stateless/2023/09/1771a200-eni_knew_ok.pdf

    1. The Cambridge jurist and legal historian (and advocatefor women’s education) Frederic Maitland helped Murray on current legalterms such as bail, defend, culprit, and deliverance, and also many obsoleteones such as couthutlaughe, a person knowingly harbouring or concealing anoutlaw; abishering, a misreading of mishersing, freedom from amercementsimposed by any court; compurgator, a character witness who swore along withthe person accused, in order to the acquittal of the latter; pennyland, landhaving the rental value of one penny; and contenement, holding, freehold.

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  2. Jan 2024
  3. Dec 2023
    1. 16:00 du kannst nicht das ganze deutsche volk in mithaftung nehmen für waffen-exporte und kriege

      doch, jeder der legal arbeiten geht ist mitschuld an der militärindustrie.

      legal arbeiten = steuern zahlen, beiträge zahlen, für "das system" arbeiten

    1. Leon Huang  · nsoSrdopteftuam473i91ctittu09521cgu781mlfhct5i61g2c61l37699t  · Shared with Public最近衝著Banjamin van Rooji,去買了《行為失控》這本書;剛剛讀了第一章,我發現翻譯才是真的失控。低劣而錯誤百出。我講的並不是單純翻譯風格疑似中國化的問題,而是原文所使用的字彙,語意,句法,乃至寫作巧思,在翻譯版當中錯漏誤譯,巧思盡失。我舉幾個例子吧。1. 第一章的標題,"A Tale of Two Codes" 顯然原作者在致敬Dickens的名著《雙城記》A Tale of Two Cities. 這不用花太多腦力也沒什麼高深的文學素養。了解這個基本不過的文學典故,翻譯成「雙『碼』記」,不失原意之外,同時也呼應本書同時指涉legal code,也就是「法典」,正是一種「法律編碼」,以及behavioral code--行為準則,也是一種「行為編碼」。正是雙『碼』記。為什麼能翻成「兩個密碼的故事」?然後,全文的"legal code"硬要翻成法律密碼,"behavioral code"硬要翻成行為密碼,到底是有多少秘密?編碼、符碼、組碼...各式各樣的詞彙組合,都有可能呈現作者原意。到底跟密碼(cryptography)有什麼一定要扯上的關係?2. 「在這一切之中,律師扮演著重要的角色。律師身為立法者...」(第22頁))這種荒腔走板的翻譯,顯然是以為"lawyer"一詞就是律師,而不知道lawyer一詞根本上很常泛指「法律人」。這一整段的譯文內容,不要說句意通順了,連中文的意思都令人難以理解。3. 「我們的法律傾向由公共意見形成的政治過程。」(第23頁)誰能告訴我這句中文在講什麼?我看不懂。這才第一章。被我標示為錯誤或中文字句但無法以中文理解的字詞,已經多不勝數。我不理解為什麼一本橫跨法律與行為科學專業,在美國頗受好評的著作,這麼大一家出版社的中文版可以把它搞砸成這樣。譯者跟責任編輯不覺得要對讀者負責嗎?編輯自己不懂的,不用找專業審訂嗎?還是覺得法律相關的書反正大家都看不懂,無所謂?

      A Tale of Two Codes我會翻《雙典記》 code 法典 encode 編成法典

      姑且不談code該怎麼翻,如原po律師指出,作者明顯泛稱的laywer一詞,譯者顯然帶著一種死腦筋,硬相信自己幾十年的淺度學習記憶,lawyer一定就是「律師」不能有他義,於是翻出令人好笑的意思。例如,犯了原文 lawyers ACT AS judges...翻成「律師的舉止有如法官」,連act as意思是「擔任、充當」如此清晰,都會變成「舉止有如」,這句意思是「法律人擔任法官(時)...」。

      「最終形成公共意見」,「形成」應作「形塑」(影響、左右),原文是shape,不是form、make up。

      「法律傾向...政治過程」那個病句真的令人納悶,編輯根本睡著了,原文有一個字漏翻。

    1. Dichter und sehr gut dokumentierter Überblicksratikel über die Expansionspläne der Öl- und Gasindustrie. Aus unerschlossenen Feldern sollen 230 Milliarden Barrel Öläquivalent gefördert werden - im klaren Widerspruch zum Pariser Abkommen. Durch Ausbeutung neuer Lager werden bis 2025 voraussichtlich 70 Gt CO<sub>2</sub> und damit 17% des Budgets für das 1,5° Ziel ausgestoßen. Eingegangen wird auch auf den Ausstiegsplan des Tyndall Centre. https://taz.de/Run-auf-fossile-Brennstoffe/!5973686/

  4. Nov 2023
    1. In den Niederlanden wird mit einem Wahlsieg von Parteien gerechnet, die für klimapolitischen Stillstand oder Rückschritt stehen. Die taz beschreibt den Stand der Auseinandersetzungen. Hervorgehoben wird die Stärke der Klimabewegung und die Klimarechtssprechung. Für die meisten Wähler:innen sei Klimapolitik nicht von Verteilungs- und Gerechtigkeitsfragen zu trennen.https://taz.de/Wahlen-in-den-Niederlanden/!5971214/

    1. Writ of certiorari An order issued by the U.S. Supreme Court directing the lower court to transmit records for a case which it will hear on appeal.

      abbreviated "cert" e.g. The supreme court has granted cert on the controversial case.

  5. Oct 2023
  6. Sep 2023
    1. Interview mit dem philippinischen Anwalt Tony Opposa, der die Kampagne World's Youth for Climate Justice unterstützt. Es geht dabei darum, das Recht junger und zukünftiger Generationen auf eine intakte Umwelt vor dem Internationalen Gerichtshof einklagbar zu machen. Oposa hat schon sehr früh in den Philippinen Prozesse geführt, bei denen es um die Rechte zukünftiger Generationen geht. https://taz.de/Anwalt-ueber-Klimaklagen/!5954750/

  7. Aug 2023
    1. In Montana beginnt am Montag ein Prozess gegen den US-Bundesstaat wegen Verweigerung von wirksamem Klimaschutz. Ein Gruppe junger Aktivistinnen hat Montana wegen Missachtung ihrer Grundrechte verklagt. Die Zulassung der Klage ist ein erster Erfolg. Der Prozess könnte Vorbild für ähnliche Verfahren werden. https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2023/jun/12/montana-young-residents-first-ever-climate-change-trial

    1. In einem möglicherweise richtungsweisenden Prozess hat eine Richterin im US-Bundesstaat Montana entschieden, dass der Staat die globale Erhitzung bei Entscheidungen über fossile Projekte berücksichtigen muss. Die bisherige Praxis bei Verwaltungsentscheidungen in Montana, das sehr viel Öl und Gas fördert und Kohle verstromt, verstoße gegen die Verfassung. Jugendliche hatten eine Klimaklage angestrengt, die eine Modellwirkung für weitere Gerichtsentscheidungen in den USA haben dürfte.

      https://www.nytimes.com/2023/08/14/us/montana-youth-climate-ruling.html

  8. Jul 2023
    1. Für eine neue Studie wurden die Klagen gegen climate washing, also gegen falsche Angaben von Unternehmen und Organisationen über die von ihnen verursachten Emissionen, erfasst. Global haben diese Prozesse in den letzten Jahren enorm zugenommen, wobei die Zahl der Prozesse etwa zum Ende der Amtszeit von Donald Trump in den USA am schnellsten wuchs. Die Verurteilungen, zu denen es bereits gekommen ist, führen aufgrund der mit ihnen verbundenen Kosten zu Veränderungen bei den Unternehmen.

      https://www.liberation.fr/environnement/climat/de-plus-en-plus-de-plaintes-contres-des-entreprises-et-des-gouvernements-pour-leurs-engagements-climatiques-trompeurs-ou-insuffisants-20230629_B447RVPNDFADBDY44XDJR2KDDI/

  9. Jun 2023
    1. Bewohner der indonesischen Insel Pari haben gegen den Schweizer zementkonzern Holz im eineklage eingebracht. Sie verlangen Schadenersatz wegen der Zerstörung ihrer Lebensgrundlagen auf einer von der Erhöhung des Meeresspiegels besonders betroffenen Insel. Der global führende Zementhersteller Holcim ist für 0,42% der CO2-Emissionen verantwortlich. Seine Emissionen steigen weiter. https://taz.de/Klimaklage-aus-Indonesien/!5939205/

    1. Learning heterogeneous graph embedding for Chinese legal document similarity

      The paper proposes L-HetGRL, an unsupervised approach using a legal heterogeneous graph and incorporating legal domain-specific knowledge, to improve Legal Document Similarity Measurement (LDSM) with superior performance compared to other methods.

    2. China's increasing digitization of legal documents has led to a focus on using information technology to extract valuable information efficiently. Legal Document Similarity Measurement (LDSM) plays a vital role in legal assistant systems by identifying similar legal documents. Early approaches relied on text content or statistical measures, but recent advances include neural network-based methods and pre-trained language models like BERT. However, these approaches require labeled data, which is expensive and challenging to obtain for legal documents. To address this, the authors propose an unsupervised approach called L-HetGRL, which utilizes a legal heterogeneous graph constructed from encyclopedia knowledge. L-HetGRL integrates heterogeneous content, document structure, and legal domain-specific knowledge. Extensive experiments show the superiority of L-HetGRL over unsupervised and even supervised methods, providing promising results for legal document analysis.

  10. May 2023
  11. Apr 2023
    1. Recommended Resource

      Since Unit 4 mentions some CC license infringement cases as examples, I recommend adding a court case from the Netherlands of a photographer suing a website for using their photo without permission or compensation. The name of the court case is below.

      ECLI:NL:RBMNE:2021:5887

      The court case ended with the judge awarding the photographer (plaintiff) the following damages (excerpt is from the court case records).

      "5.4. orders [defendant] to pay to [plaintiff] against proof of discharge:

      € 450.00 in damages, increased by the statutory interest as referred to in Article 6:119 of the Dutch Civil Code, with effect from 11 June 2021 until the day of full payment,

      € 67.50 in extrajudicial collection costs,

      5.5. orders [defendant] to pay the costs of the proceedings on the part of [plaintiff], estimated at € 2,036.30 until the judgment of this judgment, of which € 1,702.00 in salary for the authorized representative."

      This case demonstrates the enforceability of the CC license in other countries, such as the Netherlands.

    1. Recommended Source

      Under the "More on Philosophies of Copyright" section, I recommended adding the scholarly article by Chinese scholar Peter K. Yu that explains how Chinese philosophy of Yin-Yang can address the contradictions in effecting or eliminating intellectual property laws. One of the contradictions is in intellectual property laws protecting individual rights while challenging sustainability efforts for future generations (as climate change destroys more natural resources.

      Yu, Peter K., Intellectual Property, Asian Philosophy and the Yin-Yang School (November 19, 2015). WIPO Journal, Vol. 7, pp. 1-15, 2015, Texas A&M University School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 16-70, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2693420

      Below is a short excerpt from the article that details Chinese philosophical thought on IP and sustainability:

      "Another area of intellectual property law and policy that has made intergenerational equity questions salient concerns the debates involving intellectual property and sustainable development. Although this mode of development did not garner major international attention until after the 1992 Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro, the Yin-Yang school of philosophy—which “offers a normative model with balance, harmony, and sustainability as ideals”—provides important insight into sustainable development."

    1. CHILDRENIf you qualify for financial assistance, a lawyer may be assigned to you by the court when a petition is filed. If you are not assigned a lawyer and cannot afford one, the following organizations may be able to help: ƒThe Legal Service Corporation ("America's Partner for Equal Justice") may help you find a legal aid organization near you.ƒYour county or local department of assigned counsel may help you find a private attorney to represent you in court (serve as your lawyer). ƒA State or city LegalAid office may also be able to help you find an attorney who
  12. Mar 2023
    1. Legal affordances arise from relations within and between bodies of law at different scales, where questions of definition, jurisdiction and applicability configure the legal space of NAPFs’ strategy and the physical space of operations. We highlight how a focus on legal affordances as comprised of absences, ambiguity and arbitrage allows us to see how NAPFs use legal and spatial scaling to connect the local to the transnational. We also suggest that social activism concerned with property, labor, and public thoroughfare rights can challenge legal affordances. These challenges can then be pushed at different scales where adjudication may be on offer, but are also limited given that NAPFs have considerable resources to spend in fending off legal challenges.

      Interesting - but misses the 'alternative positive construction' of these affordances. The absences and ambiguity can be deployed regeneratively as well as in the form of resistance. This is building in the cracks rather than litigating the ugly new buildings.

    2. NAPFs combine the opportunistic use of bodies of law, the spatial demarcation of the firm's corporate structure, and economic activities occurring in bounded local spaces. These firms do not use bodies of law as external resources, but integrate legal and spatial scaling into their everyday operations. Legal affordances are a privilege supported by a transnational interpretative community of professionals that promotes their widespread recognition through “embedded spaces of social practice” (Faulconbridge, 2007; Harrington and Seabrooke 2020). Legal affordance differs from legal provision, which is a granted right and commonly viewed as fixed and static external resources. As we clarify below, NAPFs use legal affordances to construct what David Harvey (1973, 2006) referred to as relational space that empowers their capacity to exploit other people's assets and avoid regulatory burdens.

      Distinction between legal provision and legal affordance is useful at a general level - although the opportunistic use is not as distinct from legal provision as they say, given that no law is in practice ever really static. But the construction of 'relational space' for extractive purposes is paradoxical and disturbing.

  13. Feb 2023
    1. By using this site, you agree to the Privacy Policy.

      The fact that you wrote something, and posted it on the Internet, doesn't mean I consent to it.

  14. drive.google.com drive.google.com
    1. For and behalf Livable Planet Ltd

      <span style="color: green;">Legal Consideration: Signatures</span>

      As part of this project we explored whether it would be possible for someone to sign this document on behalf of Livable Planet as a 'community' rather than as the 'legal employer'. As a general rule, a person can only sign on behalf of 'someone' else if they have the formal authority to do this (for example a power of attorney). Therefore, although it could be a nice symbolic gesture for there to be an additional signature block, this would not translate well from a legal perspective.

    2. No Collective Agreement

      <span style="color: green;">Legal Consideration: Collective Agreements</span>

      For context, these usualy relate to an employer's agreements with employees’ representatives (from trade unions or staff associations).

    3. In certain circumstances, we offer a Goodbye Fund in scenarios where the end ofemployment has been instigated by us, in order to support you in your next steps.Please read this overview for details about where and how this applies. This Fundis subject to financial capacity and therefore can be put on hold due to financialcircumstances, but this will be notified to all team members at the time.

      <span style="color: green;">Legal Consideration: Goodbye Fund</span>

      References to the Goodbye Fund has been included in the purple box as it is not feasible for the Goodbye Fund to be a legally binding obligation (as it is dependent on the wider financial health of the organisation). However, where statutory redundancy pay is applicable, the Goodbye Fund (which also serves the function of statutory redundancy pay) will always meet statutory levels as a minimum.

    4. Confidential Information

      <span style="color: green;">Legal Consideration: Confidential Information</span>

      This clause has been included as most contracts that Livable Planet has signed (e.g. with funders) will include a confidentiality clause, and therefore contractually Livable Planet has contractually promised such organisations that their staff will keep confidential information confidential. There may be scenarios where certain information is not confidential and/or no confidentiality obligation exists - the 'written permission' caveat has been added to give Livable Planet and employees a process to ensure such information can be shared with others.

    5. PrivacyNotice

      <span style="color: green;">Legal Consideration: Data and Privacy</span>

      It is a legal requirement for the employer to have the consent of employees to use their data. Therefore a new joiner must be given their privacy notice as part of onboarding - this is on top of any privacy notice provided as part of the recruitment process.

    6. Your role(s) do not require specific training.

      <span style="color: green;">Legal Consideration: Training Requirements</span>

      If training is "critical" to the role (i.e. it would be a condition of employment) this would legally have to be included in the contract, along with whether the organisation will pay for the training or if the employee must fund it themselves. In this scenario, the role does not require such training.

    7. Your Holiday Leave

      <span style="color: green;">Legal Consideration: Introduction</span>

      The language under this clause may appear to contradict the fact that Livable Planet operates an unlimited holiday policy. This language is needed because under English law, a leaver can be entitled to pay that is calculated by reference to any unused holiday, and therefore it needs to be clear that such payment is not calculated based on a whole year of 'unlimited' holiday leave.

    8. Base Salary

      <span style="color: green;">Legal Consideration: Base Salary</span>

      The Base Salary has been separate from Livable Planet's pay formula, which includes components that could lead to additional pay. This has been split out as these additional components are dependent on the financial health of Livable Planet and therefore cannot be legally binding (hence why this is only referred to in the non-contractual text box).

    9. we do not operate aformal days in lieu policy

      <span style="color: green;">Legal Consideration: Overtime Measures</span>

      This language is included because the company runs an unlimited holiday policy - see clause 9 for further details.

    10. c. It is not anticipated that your work will require you to work outside the United Kingdom forany continuous period of more than one month.d. Due to the legal implications and risk involved, residing and working outside the UnitedKingdom without written agreement in advance could result in termination of this contractunder law.

      <span style="color: green;">Legal Consideration: Working Abroad</span>

      Unfortunately, the disparate tax and legal systems of the world’s countries are yet to recognise, and facilitate, a ‘global citizen employee’ and there can be significant consequences for employer and personally for the employee in relation to unmanaged international remote working.

    11. Unless expressly stated otherwise, policies do notform part of your contract of employment.

      <span style="color: green;">Legal Consideration: Policies</span>

      It is important to distinguish what wording in the document is intended to be legally binding. One way we have done this is to make it clear that the general rule is that policies are not part of the contract.

    12. nominated Support Contact

      <span style="color: green;">Legal Consideration: Support Contact</span>

      Whilst an organisation may intentionally not have a centralised 'human resources' department, it is important both from a legal and cultural perspective to ensure that employees feel able to raise any concerns or issues, and that they have people they feel able to talk to beyond those they work with. This is to ensure any issues can be understand and resolved as early as possible from a cultural perspective, but also to minimise people leaving the organisation on bad terms.

    13. generative

      <span style="color: green;">Legal Consideration: Non-Discrimination</span>

      It is important to ensure any language relating to reviews etc. takes into account rules in relation to discrimination. This also applies to the processes the employer has in place from recruitment onwards.

    14. You confirm that you are entitled to work in the UK without any additional approvals andwill notify us immediately if this changes any time during your employment with us.

      <span style="color: green;">Legal Consideration: Right to Work</span>

      As an employer in England, the company is legally required to ensure all staff are entitled to work in the UK. This legal requirement is still true even when the company disagrees with this from a policy perspective.

    15. overall employment contract is made up of your Details of Employment, the Role Card(s)you hold from time to time and these Employment Terms.

      <span style="color: green;">Legal Consideration: What is part of the contract</span>

      It is important to distinguish what wording in the document is intended to be legally binding vs conversational / contextual. One way we have done this is to list out which elements of the document form the contract - note that this list does not include the 'about' page at the front of the contract.

    16. Manjit Singh’s Employment Contract with Livable Planet 7 of 31Your Role Card(s)

      <span style="color: green;">Legal Consideration: Role Cards</span>

      Note that the role cards from part of each individual's contract.The process for changing role cards is covered in the linked Roles Board resource.

    17. START DATE

      <span style="color: green;">Legal Consideration: Permanent Contract</span>

      This contract is for a permanent role. It does not need to explicitly state contract as permanent as this is implied unless stated otherwise.

    18. Your Details

      <span style="color: green;">Legal Consideration: Details of Employment</span>

      We have included a cover page with key employment details. This is for three reasons: 1. Usability for the company - keeping most of the factual information on the front cover means that it is quicker for the company to be able to tailor contracts for new joiners, and prevents legacy wording from previous contracts accidentially being included in other people's contracts. This page also creates a clean 'definitions' page, which means that instead of having to tailor wording throughout the contract, the contract can cross refer to 'the start date' etc, saving time and also reduces the risk of legacy text. 2. Usability for the new joiner - instead of having to scan-read a whole contract, the key information relating to their job can be found easily near the front of the document. 3. There are certain information that legally must be provided to the employee within certain time periods. Having the information in this format makes it less likely that such information won't be included. See our Reimaging Contract Terms table for further details.

    19. to be read with your Employment Terms

      <span style="color: green;">Legal Consideration: Details are to be read with Terms</span>

      As stated in the contract, the "overall employment contract is made up of your Details of Employment, the Role Card(s) you hold from time to time and these Employment Terms." This means that these Details of Employment have to be read as an integral part of the whole contract, and not on their own.

    20. explains the intentions and context behind contract clauses.

      <span style="color: green;">Legal Consideration: Non-contractual Explanations</span>

      It is important to distinguish what wording in the document is intended to be legally binding vs conversational / contextual. One way we have done this is to make it visually clear that all language in the purple boxes 'do not form part of the contract'.

    21. How to use these annotations

      Employment contracts, including this example, are ideally not be not one-size-fits-all, but designed to respond to a specific organisational, legal, and design context. We have created an annotated version of this example contract to explain our thought processes and reasons for why we have made the contract’s strategic decisions in this way.

      We strongly recommend you read this version of the contract with annotations first, before using the contract as a starting point for your own, to understand the context of how that contract was shaped, and reflect on how these constraints or considerations may or may not apply to your own circumstances.

      We have tagged these annotations under the key categories below:

      • <span style="color: blue;">Policy Considerations: how we have considered the organisation’s policy, i.e. how its members decide to work together and run their organisation. </span>
      • <span style="color: green;">Legal Considerations: how we have considered the legal frameworks in creating the contract, including how employment law, contract law, etc., has shaped how the contract works.</span>
      • <span style="color: red;">Design Considerations: how we have considered communications design questions, including information hierarchy, user experience, and how to ensure the nature of the agreement is communicated clearly.</span>

      We also invite you to look at our Reimagining Contract Terms table for our reflections on the typical terms that form an employment contract, and how they can be reimagined beyond their conventional approaches.

    22. indicates terms that are legally defined in the contract.

      <span style="color: red;">Design Consideration: Contractually-defined Terms</span>

      This helps with the interpretation of the contract, by distinguishing terms which are to be interpreted under their specific contractual definitions.

    23. 1 of 31Employment Contract

      How to use these annotations

      Employment contracts, including this example, are ideally not be not one-size-fits-all, but designed to respond to a specific organisational, legal, and design context. We have created an annotated version of this example contract to explain our thought processes and reasons for why we have made the contract’s strategic decisions in this way.

      We strongly recommend you read this version of the contract with annotations first, before using the contract as a starting point for your own, to understand the context of how that contract was shaped, and reflect on how these constraints or considerations may or may not apply to your own circumstances.

      We have tagged these annotations under the key categories below:

      • <span style="color: blue;">Policy Considerations: how we have considered the organisation’s policy, i.e. how its members decide to work together and run their organisation. </span>
      • <span style="color: green;">Legal Considerations: how we have considered the legal frameworks in creating the contract, including how employment law, contract law, etc., has shaped how the contract works.</span>
      • <span style="color: red;">Design Considerations: how we have considered communications design questions, including information hierarchy, user experience, and how to ensure the nature of the agreement is communicated clearly.</span>

      We also invite you to look at our Reimagining Contract Terms table for our reflections on the typical terms that form an employment contract, and how they can be reimagined beyond their conventional approaches.

  15. Jan 2023
  16. Dec 2022
    1. The notice required from you or from us to terminate your employment in the[Mutual Trial] Period is set out in your details of employment.

      We want to ensure any obligation on the employee is reciprocal and mutual on the employer, to remove power dynamics.

      The law entitles the employee to minimum notice periods.

    2. You confirm that you are entitled to work in the UK without any additional approvals and willnotify us immediately if this changes any time during your employment with us.

      UK immigration law requires us to do this. This is also the case when it comes to this clause

  17. Nov 2022
  18. Aug 2022
    1. Marketing. For example, information about your device type and usage data may allow us to understand other products or services that may be of interest to you.

      All of the information above that has been consented to, can be used by NetGear to make money off consenting individuals and their families.

    2. USB device

      This gives Netgear permission to know what you plug into your computer, be it a FitBit, a printer, scanner, microphone, headphones, webcam — anything not attached to your computer.

    3. as well as and other software, mobile apps, and features.

      This could give Netgear the consent to watch every application you use, from The Sims to SETI to Photoshop to You Need A Budget.

    1. "It's difficult because we can't tell people exactly what's allowed and not allowed," said Chris Castelli, a manager for the Department of State Lands. "It's even tougher for law enforcement that gets called out to very heated disputes and doesn't have strict laws they can apply." 
  19. Jun 2022
    1. What information we collect about you Personal identification and communication information: your name, home address, phone number; email address; date of birth, gender, national insurance number and immigration status; Application-related information: resume/curriculum vitae (CV), cover letter, employment history, education history, qualifications and skills, reference contact information, position preferences, willingness to relocate, desired salary, interests and aspirations, and background screening information if relevant; and Sensitive information: for example, information about your health and disabilities where we need to make any reasonable adjustments.

      Information collected by Block, Inc.

    1. LAST UPDATED AND EFFECTIVE DATE: JULY 10, 2014

      This conflicts with the effective date at the top of the document.

    1. You agree to defend, indemnify and hold harmless Motorsport.tv, its parent corporation, officers, directors, employees and agents, from and against any and all claims, damages, obligations, losses, liabilities, costs or debt, and expenses (including but not limited to attorney's fees) arising from: (i) your use of and access to the Motorsport.tv Platform; (ii) your violation of any term of these Terms of Service; (iii) your violation of any third party right, including without limitation any copyright, property, or privacy right; or (iv) any claim that one of your user submissions caused damage to a third party. This defense and indemnification obligation will survive these Terms of Service and your use of the Motorsport.tv Platform.

      If a user's behavior causes harm to another party, and that other party sues Motorsport.tv, the user will cover any losses incurred by Motorsport.tv as a result of the user's behavior.

    2. Nothing in this Agreement shall be deemed to confer any third-party rights or benefits.

      The agreement is only between the user and Motorsport.tv.

    3. Motorsport.tv may, in its sole discretion, modify or revise these Terms of Service at any time, and you agree to be bound by such modifications or revisions.

      Motorsport.tv may change the terms at any time.

  20. May 2022
    1. What is difference between mission and vision?The mission sets the direction for the company's goals and the vision should light a path for how the organization can get there. These statements establish part of the framework for expected behavior and give employees and volunteers a sense of cohesiveness.Jul 21, 2021
  21. Apr 2022
    1. ReconfigBehSci [@SciBeh]. (2021, December 6). I do not understand the continued narrative that makes it sound as if extant legal systems don’t already provide the framework for assessing whether rights are unduly infringed by vaxx passports and mandates. This is exactly what constitutions are for. [Tweet]. Twitter. https://twitter.com/SciBeh/status/1467818167766593538

  22. Mar 2022
    1. ReconfigBehSci on Twitter: ‘@STWorg @ProfColinDavis @rpancost @chrisdc77 @syrpis this is the most in depth treatment of the impact of equalities law on pandemic policy that I’ve been able to find- it would seem to underscore that there is a legal need for impact assessments that ask (some) of these questions https://t.co/auiApVC0TW’ / Twitter. (n.d.). Retrieved 22 March 2022, from https://twitter.com/SciBeh/status/1485927221449613314

    1. nonexclusive, nontransferable, limited license

      A license of this type means that the licensee, or the person that is granted a license to use the service, cannot limit whom the licensor (e.g., the service provider) allows to also use the service.

      Note: This is information is intended to be educational rather than informative. It is NOT intended to be, nor should it be treated as legal advice, and is not intended to provide any indication that an attorney-client relationship is being sought or being established. Before you do anything that could have an impact on your legal or equitable rights, you should always retain counsel in your jurisdiction, after carefully considering the merits and qualifications of that counsel.

  23. Feb 2022
    1. Le texte définit les conditions techniques et juridiques auxquelles les organismes du secteur public pourront consentir à la réutilisation de telles données protégées. Il reviendra, en effet, à ces organismes de déterminer les modalités du partage de ces données, qui se fera sous leur responsabilité et à titre non exclusif, grâce à des infrastructures dédiées, gérées et supervisées par eux. La protection des données, par leur anonymisation ou pseudonymisation par exemple, devra être garantie. Les États membres devront mettre en place un mécanisme de guichet unique pour les demandes d’accès à ce type de données et créer des structures chargées d’épauler les organismes du secteur public concernés.

      Les administration vont devoir avoir des cartographies claires des donnees. Des organismes vont emerger pour mettre en place ces systemes d'interoperabilite

  24. Dec 2021
    1. Catala, a programming language developed by Protzenko's graduate student Denis Merigoux, who is working at the National Institute for Research in Digital Science and Technology (INRIA) in Paris, France. It is not often lawyers and programmers find themselves working together, but Catala was designed to capture and execute legal algorithms and to be understood by lawyers and programmers alike in a language "that lets you follow the very specific legal train of thought," Protzenko says.

      A domain-specific language for encoding legal interpretations.

  25. Nov 2021
  26. Oct 2021
  27. Sep 2021
    1. Commenting on a recent case from the Washington State Court of Appeals, it says that the outcome “signals a strong return to the legal principle of caveat emptor – otherwise known as ‘buyer beware’.” This ruling is interpreted to mean that “the seller may now intentionally conceal a defect and lie about it, and as long as the buyer’s inspector has some indication of a potential problem and the buyer fails to investigate further, the seller will survive a lawsuit.”
  28. Jun 2021
    1. Están protegidos por la ley.

      La protección de los derechos fundamentales implica la existencia de mecanismos para su protección, los cuales se construyen a partir de normatividad desarrollada por cada Estado internamente. La legislación Colombiana en materia de Derechos Humanos y Derecho Internacional Humanitario reconoce entre estos mecanismos:

      1. La acción de tutela, 2. La acción de cumplimiento, 3. El Habeas Data, 4. El habeas Corpus, 5. Las accione de grupo, entre otras.

      http://www.derechoshumanos.gov.co/consejeria/Paginas/Legislacion.aspx

  29. Apr 2021
    1. As of Jan 1, 2021 many countries now require KS creators to show Shipping AND VAT/Fees/Taxes on Kickstarter Rewards - not just 1 price for "shipping". So we will do that in our Pledge Manager, after the campaign. Yea, we know...this sucks and is against everything Kickstarter used to be about (the world now views KS as a store, not as a creative platform sending rewards to backers for helping bring the vision to life)
  30. Mar 2021
  31. Jan 2021
    1. Slackmojis is made by some random dude in Brooklyn. He doesn't work for Slack, isn't paid by Slack, he just thinks Slack is pretty cool. Super Official Lawyer Talk: Slackmojis is not created by, affiliated with, or supported by Slack Technologies, Inc.
  32. Dec 2020
    1. The legal term amicus curiae is a Latin phrase that literally means “friend of the court.” The term is used to refer to a legal brief, called an amicus brief that may be filed with an appellate court, including a supreme court, by a party not involved with a current case, but in support of one side or another on the legal issue at hand.

      A friend of the court advising on some legal matter in support of one of the sides involved in the legal matter at hand thou not involved in the case.

  33. Oct 2020
  34. Sep 2020
  35. Aug 2020
    1. When a former psychiatric patient killed two people on the streets of Chapel Hill, North Carolina, and then sued the psychiatrist who had treated him for failing to prevent the murders, the mental health world dismissed the suit as frivolous. But when a jury agreed with the killer and awarded him $500,000 in damages, bewilderment was the order of the day (1). Can it be true, psychiatrists asked, that murder pays—as long as you can blame your psychiatrist for your deed?

      This is the case where it was initially ruled that the psychiatrist was the proximate cause for the patient, Williamson, to commit murder. Subsequent higher courts overturned this decision.

  36. Jul 2020
    1. Defamation law walks a fine line between the right to freedom of speech and the right of a person to avoid defamation. On one hand, a reasonable person should have free speech to talk about their experiences in a truthful manner without fear of a lawsuit if they say something mean, but true, about someone else. On the other hand, people have a right to not have false statements made that will damage their reputation.
    1. As mentioned earlier in these guidelines, it is very important that controllers assess the purposes forwhich data is actually processed and the lawful grounds on which it is based prior to collecting thedata. Often companies need personal data for several purposes, and the processing is based on morethan one lawful basis, e.g. customer data may be based on contract and consent. Hence, a withdrawalof consent does not mean a controller must erase data that are processed for a purpose that is basedon the performance of the contract with the data subject. Controllers should therefore be clear fromthe outset about which purpose applies to each element of data and which lawful basis is being reliedupon.
    2. In cases where the data subject withdraws his/her consent and the controller wishes to continue toprocess the personal data on another lawful basis, they cannot silently migrate from consent (which iswithdrawn) to this other lawful basis. Any change in the lawful basis for processing must be notified toa data subject in accordance with the information requirements in Articles 13 and 14 and under thegeneral principle of transparency.
    1. Some vendors may relay on legitimate interest instead of consent for the processing of personal data. The User Interface specifies if a specific vendor is relating on legitimate interest as legal basis, meaning that that vendor will process user’s data for the declared purposes without asking for their consent. The presence of vendors relying on legitimate interest is the reason why within the user interface, even if a user has switched on one specific purpose, not all vendors processing data for that purpose will be displayed as switched on. In fact, those vendors processing data for that specific purpose, relying only on legitimate interest will be displayed as switched off.
    2. Under GDPR there are six possible legal bases for the processing of personal data.
  37. Jun 2020
  38. May 2020
  39. www.covidcrisislab.unibocconi.eu www.covidcrisislab.unibocconi.eu
    1. About us. (n.d.). Retrieved May 5, 2020, from /wps/wcm/connect/Site/CovidCrisisLab/Home/About+us