80 Matching Annotations
  1. Apr 2022
    1. Wine experts, meanwhile, know about surface-level characteristics like grapesand regions—but they think about wine in terms of function: wines that areluscious and fruity, good for pairing with spicy food; wines that are big and boldand can stand up to a hearty meal; wines that are fizzy and festive, fit for acelebration. “Luscious,” “Big,” and “Fizzy” are, in fact, three of the eightcategories Wesson devised for his stores (the others are “Soft,” “Fresh,” “Juicy,”“Smooth,” and “Sweet”).

      As an example of deep functional classification by experts, sommelier Joshua Wesson uses the functional categories luscious, big, fizzy, soft, fresh, juicy, smooth, and sweet to describe wines for customers rather than using the more straightforward and surface level grape varietal descriptors that are otherwise used to categorize wines in stores. These higher level functional classifications also assist in choosing a wine for pairing far more subtly than the extraneous grape types and regions which may carry little informational value to wine novices.

      Link to https://hypothes.is/a/uw_vPsHyEey1vX9dfqaNvA

    2. A third difference between experts and novices lies in the way they categorizewhat they see: novices sort the entities they encounter according to theirsuperficial features, while experts classify them according to their deep function.
    3. Our systems of academic education and workplace training rely on expertsteaching novices, but they rarely take into account the blind spots that expertsacquire by virtue of being experts.
    4. Kenneth Koedinger, a professor at Carnegie Mellon University and thedirector of its Pittsburgh Science of Learning Center, estimates that experts areable to articulate only about 30 percent of what they know.
    5. While it was once regarded as a low-level, “primitive” instinct, researchers arecoming to recognize that imitation—at least as practiced by humans, includingvery young ones—is a complex and sophisticated capacity. Although non-humananimals do imitate, their mimicry differs in important ways from ours. Forexample, young humans’ copying is unique in that children are quite selectiveabout whom they choose to imitate. Even preschoolers prefer to imitate peoplewho have shown themselves to be knowledgeable and competent. Researchshows that while toddlers will choose to copy their mothers rather than a personthey’ve just met, as children grow older they become increasingly willing tocopy a stranger if the stranger appears to have special expertise. By the time achild reaches age seven, Mom no longer knows best.

      Studies have shown that humans are highly selective about whom they choose to imitate. Children up to age seven show a propensity to imitate their parents over strangers and after that they primarily imitate people who have shown themselves to be knowledgeable and competent within an area of expertise.


      This has applications to teaching with respect to math shaming. A teacher who says that math is personally hard for them is likely to be signaling to students that what they're teaching is not based on experience and expertise and thus demotivating the student from following and imitating their example.

    6. if weare to extend our thinking with others’ expertise, we must find better ways ofeffecting an accurate transfer of knowledge from one mind to another.
    1. Dr. Jonathan N. Stea. (2021, January 25). Covid-19 misinformation? We’re over it. Pseudoscience? Over it. Conspiracies? Over it. Want to do your part to amplify scientific expertise and evidence-based health information? Join us. 🇨🇦 Follow us @ScienceUpFirst. #ScienceUpFirst https://t.co/81iPxXXn4q. Https://t.co/mIcyJEsPXe [Tweet]. @jonathanstea. https://twitter.com/jonathanstea/status/1353705111671869440

    1. Adam Kucharski. (2021, February 6). It’s flattering being asked for your opinion by the media (especially if you have lots of them) but I do think it’s important to defer to others if you’re being asked on as a ‘scientific expert’ and the subject of the interview falls outside your area of research/expertise. [Tweet]. @AdamJKucharski. https://twitter.com/AdamJKucharski/status/1358050473098571776

    1. Adam Kucharski. (2020, December 13). I’ve turned down a lot of COVID-related interviews/events this year because topic was outside my main expertise and/or I thought there were others who were better placed to comment. Science communication isn’t just about what you take part in – it’s also about what you decline. [Tweet]. @AdamJKucharski. https://twitter.com/AdamJKucharski/status/1338079300097077250

  2. Feb 2022
    1. The more experience you gain, the more you willbe able to rely on your intuition to tell you what to do next. Instead oftaking you “from intuition to professional writing strategies”, as thetitle of a typical study guide promises, it is here all about becoming aprofessional by acquiring the skills and experience to judgesituations correctly and intuitively so you can chuck misleading studyguides for good. Real experts, Flyvbjerg writes unambiguously, don’tmake plans (Flyvbjerg 2001, 19).

      The more experience one gains will lead them to eventually rely on their intuition rather than on planning. Experts are able to flexibly rely on their experience and this learned intuition instead of needing the rules and planning they used when they were novices.

      link to https://hypothes.is/a/9luWFI3NEeyPyOcuGrxKeg

    2. Hubert and Stuart Dreyfus, researchers on expertise, have asimple explanation: Teachers tend to mistake the ability to follow(their) rules with the ability to make the right choices in realsituations.

      Expertise isn't just the ability to know the rules and practice them properly, but to know when to break or bend them as present circumstances might require.

    3. Planners are also unlikely to continue with their studies afterthey finish their examinations. They are rather glad it is over.Experts, on the other hand, would not even consider voluntarilygiving up what has already proved to be rewarding and fun: learningin a way that generates real insight, is accumulative and sparks newideas.

      One cannot plan their way into expertise.

  3. Jan 2022
  4. Dec 2021
  5. Nov 2021
    1. Avoid These Costly Mistakes During Web Application DevelopmentDmitryCEOCustom SoftwareHomeBlogTechnologyAvoid These Costly Mistakes During Web Application DevelopmentPublishedJan 16, 2020UpdatedJan 16, 202015 min readAccording to the Startup Genome Report, over 90% of startups fail after launch. There can be different reasons like skipping the market research, hiring wrong specialists, too early scaling, and so on. However, one of the most important elements of startup success is the product you provide. Neglecting estimates, avoiding the MVP stage, designing unnecessary functionality, and saving time on testing may become fatal errors that can result in a complete failure. In this article, we will tell you about the most costly mistakes you should avoid during web app development to succeed after product launch.

      According to the Startup Genome Report, over 90% of startups fail after launch. There can be different reasons like skipping the market research, hiring wrong specialists, too early scaling, and so on.

      However, one of the most important elements of startup success is the product you provide. Neglecting estimates, avoiding the MVP stage, designing unnecessary functionality, and saving time on testing may become fatal errors that can result in a complete failure.

      In this article, we will tell you about the most costly mistakes you should avoid during web app development to succeed after product launch.

  6. Aug 2021
    1. They convince people – indeed, entire organizations – to make long-term commitments to their products. Schools offer classes so people can call themselves “Photoshop experts” or “Illustrator experts”.
  7. May 2021
    1. Erik Angner. (2021, February 17). One point that the pandemic has brought home to me is just how narrow people’s expertise is. I’m regularly surprised by how a celebrated professor of X can exhibit a sub-college-level understanding of Y, even when X and Y are related. /1 [Tweet]. @ErikAngner. https://twitter.com/ErikAngner/status/1362006859004141570

  8. Apr 2021
  9. Mar 2021
    1. Furthermore, to help encourage and value evi-dence over opinion, managers should be carefulwhom they consult. While they should seek sub-stantive debate about statements and supportingevidence, they should only involve well-informedand value-adding experts. Social media andcrowdsourcing initiatives regularly remind us thatthe wisdom of the crowd is not as judicious as wethink.
    1. ReconfigBehSci on Twitter: ‘1 week to the SciBeh workshop “Building an online information environment for policy relevant science” Join us, register now! Topics: Crisis open science, interfacing to policy, online discourse, tools for research curation talks, panels, hackathons https://t.co/Gsr66BRGcJ https://t.co/uRrhSb9t05’ / Twitter. (n.d.). Retrieved 2 March 2021, from https://twitter.com/SciBeh/status/1323207455283826690

  10. Jan 2021
  11. Dec 2020
    1. Its called the Dunning-Kruger effect

      The Dunning-Kruger effect is undoubtedly important, but since stupidity has always existed, this doesn't explain why the problem has become worse in recent years.

      I think David Riesman hinted at it in his 1959 The Lonely Crowed. Specifically, the transition from a production-oriented economy to a consumption-oriented one has increased the distance between personal experience and expertise that has consequences.

      Once there were many workers whose jobs involved listening to and excepting expert guidance. An auto mechanic knew the wrong kind of oil would ruin an engine; a railroad worker knew some steels work better as rails in difference circumstances; a seamstress knew there were important differences between different thread materials. They received expert advice, and saw what happened when it was ignored.

      The vast majority of expertise can be denied without any consequence at all to the individual. Even when there are consequences -- such as with the brain-surgeon example from the article -- the denying individual isn't likely to learn any lesson. Honestly, how often can a patient actually see the consequence of that doctor's advice, when alternative narratives are pervasive?

      This is a large part of a more general trend towards individualized epistemology, based on each individual's tribal affiliations and social identification.

      Education could overcome it, but that requires winning the coordination game that has always crippled education.

  12. Oct 2020
  13. Sep 2020
  14. Aug 2020
    1. Vogels, C. B. F., Brackney, D., Wang, J., Kalinich, C. C., Ott, I., Kudo, E., Lu, P., Venkataraman, A., Tokuyama, M., Moore, A. J., Muenker, M. C., Casanovas-Massana, A., Fournier, J., Bermejo, S., Campbell, M., Datta, R., Nelson, A., Team, Y. I. R., Cruz, C. D., … Grubaugh, N. (2020). SalivaDirect: Simple and sensitive molecular diagnostic test for SARS-CoV-2 surveillance. MedRxiv, 2020.08.03.20167791. https://doi.org/10.1101/2020.08.03.20167791

  15. Jul 2020
  16. Jun 2020
  17. May 2020
  18. Apr 2020
  19. Jan 2019
    1. As Rosner [35] explains, this goes beyond the “affordances” of objects [28] and instead goes to what the tools represent to their craft and their expert execution of w

      White describes how worker expertise superceded affordances of the material objects (trailers, equipment, ropes, etc.)

    2. Furthermore, tolink this back to the matter of expertise, we see thatexpertise was displayed through material objects:people wore clothing that was consistent with their identification as equine experts (such asboots and cowboy hats),and the Posse memberswore theiruniforms.At the ranch, onejob was to hand out halters and lead ropesto riders. If riders’preferred materials were not available,their expertise allowed them to adapt to what was at

      Linkage of expertise and materiality in the response work

    3. Expertise is a type of embedded knowledgedeveloped within a cultural, social and cognitive environment[6].Expertiseistheability to apply knowledge in different contexts[6], including in emergent situations that require experts to improvise, as Normark and Randall note [29]

      Definition of expertise

  20. Jul 2018
    1. We should extend the title of "scientist" to anyone who has spent a significant amount of time at the research bench designing experiments and contributing to the scientific literature. However, few scientists would be willing to extend the title to somebody who simply studied science as an undergraduate and moved on to other things.
  21. Feb 2018
  22. Nov 2017
  23. Jun 2017
  24. Apr 2017
    1. Many of the most productive and accomplished scientists, mathematicians, writers, and musicians do most of their work in no more than 4-6 hours per day. The musicians break that time up into shorter sessions. During that time, they are focused, and engage in deliberate practice. They tend to take a nap during the afternoon.

  25. Feb 2017
    1. What allows us to persist in this belief is other people. In the case of my toilet, someone else designed it so that I can operate it easily. This is something humans are very good at. We’ve been relying on one another’s expertise ever since we figured out how to hunt together, which was probably a key development in our evolutionary history. So well do we collaborate, Sloman and Fernbach argue, that we can hardly tell where our own understanding ends and others’ begins.

      At the same the time "not knowing" is not seen as a net negative. It seems petty, unnecessary until disaster strikes. Then is the time you "wish" you knew more and had spent some time learning more. Other people's expertise is the cushion of air we float on through daily life. Our living quarters, our vehicles, our toilets all exist because of someone else's expertise.

  26. Nov 2016
    1. The concept of para-expertise may help to resituate how we conceptualize, teach, and use notions of expertise in the classroom, since it can teach nonexperts to pursue rhetorical action through strategic expertise allianceswithout overstepping the very real limitations of nonexpertise. As a pedagogical approach, this articulation may also help students better understand the work of expert interactions among audiences, texts, and themselves as novices

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  27. Feb 2016
    1. 100

      After such a list, thinking a few hyperlinks might have enhanced the webtext, BUT that's also another area of the site to "maintain" and he's writing often, so...probably a wise authorial choice.

    2. TEDxNYED

      Internationally renowned context for public speaking listed first.

    3. writes

      LOTS of popular, widely circulating blogs and online news sites listed here.

    4. serves

      Invited service on a board

  28. Jan 2015
    1. xpert keep gaining in expertise while the less expert make little progress.

      Is this due to expertise or increased content knowledge in a field?

  29. Sep 2014