248 Matching Annotations
  1. Last 7 days
    1. Facebook is the great de-contextualizer.

    2. the internet was a better place 3-4 years ago. It used to be fruitful, but it’s like a desert now.

    3. Recommending things for people is a personal act, and there are people who are good at it. There are critics. There are blogs. It’s not beneficial to us to turn content recommendations over to an algorithm, especially one that’s been optimized for garbage.

    4. Here’s another analogy, and I learned this in an ecology class: In the 1800s (or something), there were big lords, or kings or something, who had giant estates with these large forests. And there were these foresters who had this whole notion of how to make a perfectly designed forest, where the trees would be pristinely manicured and in these perfect rows, and they would get rid of all the gross stuff and dirt. It was just trees in a perfect, human-devised formation that you could walk through. Within a generation, these trees were emaciated and dying. Because that’s how a forest works — it needs to be chaotic. It needs bugs and leaves, it makes the whole thriving ecosystem possible. That’s what this new internet should be. It won’t survive as this human-designed, top-down thing that is optimized for programmatic ads. It feels like a desert. There’s no nutrition, there’s no opportunity to do anything cool.

    5. And then it becomes impossible to know what a good thing to make is anymore.

      This is where webmentions on sites can become valuable. People posting "read" posts or "watch" posts (or even comments) indicating that they saw something could be the indicator to the originating site that something is interesting/valuable and could be displayed by that site. (This is kind of like follower counts, but for individual pieces of content, so naturally one would need to be careful about gaming.)

    6. It’s like if The New York Times had their own subscriber base, but you had to pay the paperboy for every article you wanted to see.

    7. Facebook is essentially running a payola scam where you have to pay them if you want your own fans to see your content.

    8. And I want it to feel that way to other people so that when they go to a cool website, they are inspired: They see human beings putting love and care into something.  

    9. If someone at Facebook sees this, I want them to know, if they care at all about the idea that was the internet, they need to start thinking through what they are doing. Otherwise, then you’re just like Lennie from Of Mice and Men — a big dumb oaf crushing the little mouse of the internet over and over and not realizing it.

    10. The EU has a bunch of laws kicking in to keep this in check — one is algorithmic transparency, where these places need to tell me why they are showing me something.

    11. Facebook has created a centrally designed internet. It’s a lamer, shittier looking internet.

    12. The whole story is basically that Facebook gets so much traffic that they started convincing publishers to post things on Facebook. For a long time, that was fine. People posted things on Facebook, then you would click those links and go to their websites. But then, gradually, Facebook started exerting more and more control of what was being seen, to the point that they, not our website, essentially became the main publishers of everyone’s content. Today, there’s no reason to go to a comedy website that has a video if that video is just right on Facebook. And that would be fine if Facebook compensated those companies for the ad revenue that was generated from those videos, but because Facebook does not pay publishers, there quickly became no money in making high-quality content for the internet.

    13. “Mark Zuckerberg just walked into Funny or Die and laid off all my friends.”

    14. eliminated its entire editorial team following a trend of comedy websites scaling back, shutting down, or restructuring their business model away from original online content.  Hours after CEO Mike Farah delivered the news via an internal memo, Matt Klinman took to Twitter, writing, “Mark Zuckerberg just walked into Funny or Die and laid off all my friends.” It was a strong sentiment for the longtime comedy creator, who started out at UCB and The Onion before launching Pitch, the Funny or Die-incubated joke-writing app, in 2017.

  2. Feb 2018
    1. Amazon has patented designs for a wristband that can precisely track where warehouse employees are placing their hands and use vibrations to nudge them in a different direction.

      The biomedical engineer in me sees this and thinks, "This sounds like it might also be a greatest sex toy invention ever. Thousands of women will be buying them for clueless boyfriends for their birthdays and the holidays. Amazon wins again!"

  3. Jan 2018
    1. we are ending the HuffPost contributor platform

      Just another site-death...

      Ben Walsh of the LA Times Data Desk has created a simple web interface at www.SaveMy.News that journalists can use to archive their stories to The Internet Archive and WebCite. One can log into the service via Twitter and later download a .csv file with a running list of all their works with links to the archived copies.

    2. Perhaps a few too many: One of the biggest challenges we all face, in an era where everyone has a platform, is figuring out whom to listen to. Open platforms that once seemed radically democratizing now threaten, with the tsunami of false information we all face daily, to undermine democracy. When everyone has a megaphone, no one can be heard.

    3. Now, there are many places where people can share and exchange ideas.

      Notably on their own websites!

    1. Creating simple bookmarklets on your Android phone with URL Forwarder

      I’d run across this wonder of an app a couple of years back too. I’ve been using it for a while, but to post to my WordPress and WithKnown based websites. WordPress and some of it’s subsidiary plugins utilize URL parameters in such a way that URL Forwarder can be easily configured for them as well.  Details can be found at http://boffosocko.com/2017/01/10/browser-bookmarklets-and-mobile-sharing-with-post-kinds-plugin-for-wordpress/#A%20Post%20Kinds%20%E2%80%9CBookmarklet%E2%80%9D%20for%20Mobile

    1. small niche sites that only a handful of users might use can also be part of the same ecosystem.

      Perhaps this is something that David Shanske could leverage for adding IndieWeb functionality within WordPress?

    1. Over the years, Google has gone from recommending uploading a text file, to parsing RDFa with a slightly modified Microformats vocabulary, to going all-in on Microdata, to then replacing Microdata with JSON-LD and the new Schema.org vocabulary. In the mean time, the Microformats hReview vocabulary hasn't changed, and has continued to be parsed by Google since it is so widely deployed. It would seem there is some advantage to using a format that was developed externally from Google, since they are unable to simply turn their backs on it and replace it with a new format whenever they want. For this reason, I'm sticking with publishing the Microformats 1 hReview markup for my reviews.

    1. merely stops you from writing in the margins here on this website.

      Does the script Audrey Watters is using really stop people from annotating her site directly?

      Based on my quick test, one can still (carefully) use Hypothes.is to highlight and annotate her site, but the script at least prevents Hypothes.is from showing that annotation. When visiting her site with Hypothes.is' Chrome browser extension on, it does show that there is one annotation on the page. It then requires some hunting to find this comment.

    2. shifting it to another company which then gets to control (and even monetize) the conversation.

      As I've heard in the Indieweb chat: "Silos gonna silo."

    3. write your own blog post on your own damn site

      And isn't this what everyone should really be doing anyway so that they own their own work and words?

    4. My blog. My rules.

    5. I have added a script to my websites today that will block annotations

      I’ve spent some time thinking about this type of blocking in the past and written about a potential solution. Kevin Marks had created a script to help prevent this type of abuse as well; his solution and some additional variants are freely available. — {cja}

    1. With Radio3, the publicised links connect to the corresponding site, whereas when I bookmark using my site, it shares the link to my post rather than the original site. This has me rethinking why I bookmark and POSSE. Maybe I do not need to share links to the original source, especially when my bookmarks have secondary information.

      I wonder about this sometimes as well and have even contemplated crazy machinations for changing the canonical URL of my own posts to point to the originals.

      I'm still a long way from figuring this out completely.

    1. You know Goethe's (or hell, Disney's) story of The Sorceror's Apprentice? Look it up. It'll help. Because Mark Zuckerberg is both the the sorcerer and the apprentice. The difference with Zuck is that he doesn't have all the mastery that's in the sorcerer's job description. He can't control the spirits released by machines designed to violate personal privacy, produce echo chambers, and to rationalize both by pointing at how popular it all is with the billions who serve as human targets for messages (while saying as little as possible about the $billions that bad acting makes for the company).

      This is something I worry about with the IndieWeb movement sometimes. What will be the ultimate effect of everyone having their own site instead of relying on social media? In some sense it may have a one-to-one map to personal people (presuming there aren't armies of bot-sites) interacting. The other big portion of the puzzle that I often leave out is the black box algorithms that social silos run which have a significant influence on their users. Foreseeably one wouldn't choose to run such a black box algorithm on their own site and by doing so they take a much more measured and human approach to what they consume and spread out, in part because I hope they'll take more ownership of their own site.

    1. Jon, this is certainly an awesome and interesting way to target audio on the web, which can be tremendously useful.

      Given what you've got here, I suspect that you may be unaware of the W3C spec for media fragments which may make portions of what you're attempting to do a bit easier (and also much more standardized). The spec is relatively broadly supported by most browsers, so it immediately makes things a tad easier from a plumbing perspective.

      Some people will be somewhat familiar with the targeting technique as it's similar to the one used by YouTube which lets users hot link to specific portions of video on their platform.

      To summarize the concept, on most audio and video files one can add a #t=XXX the the end of a URL where XXX is the number in seconds into the file where one wants to start. One can target stretches of audio similarly with the pattern #t=XXX,YYY where XXX is the start and YYY is the stop time for the fragment, again in seconds.

      As an example I can use it to specifically target the audio  on a particular standalone audio file like so:

      https://media.martymcgui.re/70/d5/f1/77/975194c74454dc7a3ef71586bf98612a94bcb5685f7e7d3ca60dc183.mp3#t=269

      With some clever JavaScript, one can go a step further and implement this at the level of targeting audio/video as embedded on a particular page which may contain a wealth of additional (potentially necessary) context. As an example of this, we can look at the audio above in its original context as part of a podcast using the same type of time fragment notation:

      https://martymcgui.re/2017/10/29/163907/#t=269

      As an added bonus, on this particular page with audio, you'll notice that you can play the audio and if you pause it, the page URL in your browser should automatically refresh to indicate the particular audio timestamp for that particular position! Thus in your particular early example it makes things far easier to bookmark, save, or even share!

      For use within Hypothesis, I suspect that one could use this same type of system to directly annotate the original audio file on the original page by using this scheme, potentially by using such JavaScript within the browser plugin for Hypothesis.

      It would be nice if the user could queue up the particular audio segment and press pause, and then annotate the audio portion of the page using such a targeting segment. Then one could potentially share a specific URL for their annotation (in typical Hypothesis fashion) that not only targets the original page with the embedded audio, but it could also have that audio queued up to the correct portion (potentially with a page refresh to reset the audio depending on the annotation.)

      The nice part is that the audio can be annotated within the page on which it originally lived rather than on some alternate page on the web that requires removing the context and causing potential context collapse. It also means one doesn't have to host an intermediate page to have the whole thing work.

      For more information on the idea, take a peek at the IndieWeb's page on audio fragments which includes a few examples of people using it in the wild as well as a link to the JavaScript sample for doing the targeting within the page itself.

      I'm curious if the scheme may make putting all the smaller loose pieces together even easier, particularly for use within Hypothesis? and while keeping more of the original context in which the audio was found?

      I also suspect that these types of standards could be used to annotate audio in much the same way that the SoundCloud service handles their audio annotations, though in a much more open way. One would simply need to add on some additional UI to make the annotations on such audio present differently.

      Just for fun, this type of sub-targeting on web pages also works visually for text as well with the concept of fragmention. As an example of this, I can target this specific paragraph with this link http://boffosocko.com/2018/01/07/reply-to-annotating-web-audio-by-jon-udell/#Just+for+fun, and a snippet of JavaScript on the page creates a yellow highlighting effect as well.

    1. Private enterprise and private life utterly depend on public resources. Have you ever said this?

      This argument is well laid out in American Amnesia by Hacker and Pierson.

    2. The public resources used by businesses were not only roads and bridges, but public education, a national bank, a patent office, courts for business cases, interstate commerce support, and of course the criminal justice system. From the beginning, the Private Depended on Public Resources, both private lives and private enterprise.

      This is also why public health is so valuable. It's not only a public resource, but a private resource for companies who employ health workers. Not to mention the far higher costs of treating the sick and indigent after-the-fact.

  4. Dec 2017
    1. Of course, I’m talking about Racquet magazine — a print-only product we ship four times a year — filled with stories that we deem interesting, that have underappreciated subject matters, headlines that you’d never click on, and images you can’t encounter in a Google search.

      She's now touting a second project of her own in this piece?!

    2. content director at Acast

      I'm glad she outs herself here, but It does make me worry that her warning here isn't likely to be taken serious enough.

    3. We’ll tell you what’s important

      Really?! Coming from someone working for a podcast silo, this is worrying.

    1. Humanities scholars might resent scientists when they venture into the territory of the arts because the encroachment can only go in one direction. A physicist, with the ability to write and an imagination, can become a novelist much more easily than a novelist  can become a physicist. Perhaps F.R. Leavis thought that if he can’t venture into scientific territories, why should he let scientists into his?

      But there's absolutely no real reason that humanities scholars couldn't study science and do well at it... that was part of the point. Many don't even bother trying.

  5. Nov 2017
    1. There are actually three problems to solve, reading, which is relatively easy,  posting, which is harder, and social graph management, which is quite complex

      I might submit that posting is possibly the easiest of the three and that the reader problem is the most difficult. This is based on the tremendous number of platforms and CMSs on which one can post, but the dearth of feed readers in existence.

    2. Managing your social graph

      Something akin to a following list could help this. Or a modified version of OPML subscription lists could work. They just need to be opened up a tad.

      Some are working on the idea of an open microsub spec which could be transformative as well: https://indieweb.org/Microsub-spec

    3. How do we decentralize the web without so decentralizing our own social presence that it becomes unmanageable?

      You've already got a huge headstart in doing this with your own website. Why bother to have thousands of accounts when you could have one? Then, as you suggest, password protected RSS feeds out to others could allow you to control which audiences get to see which content on your own site.

    4. It looks as if Withknown has made some progress in this area with syndication plugins.

      WordPress has lots of ways to syndicate content too.

    5. Subscribing to my personal timeline(s) with my favorite RSS reader would bring everything together,

      I've written some thoughts about how feed readers could continue to evolve for the open web here: http://boffosocko.com/2017/06/09/how-feed-readers-can-grow-market-share-and-take-over-social-media/

    6. listed items chronologically independent of source

      Having a variety of ways to chop and dice up content are really required. We need more means of filtering content, not less.

    1. Then, if the forum or community is really good, something called eternal September happens. Eternal September means a lot of new people who don’t know the context and rules of the community come flooding in and overwhelm the community norms. I’ve seen this with every single good message board I’ve been part of: my pregnancy message board, Facebook when it was just for people I knew in college, and Twitter. I learned so much from these communities, but as soon as people found out they were good, and were are opened up to an intimately large amount of people, the community feel left, immediately, and got swallowed up by the noise of the internet.

      I wonder if there's a multiplication factor to the Dunbar number for which, much beyond it, society begins to fall apart and become less "good". Perhaps 150x150? Iceland's 330,000 seems like a reasonable lower bound, but one could look at places like Twitter and Facebook or some of the other examples she mentions to find a better lower bound. I suspect a full network map of Twitter in early 2009 might be a good data set to study.

      Naturally, I suspect the upper bound will be highly dependent upon the structure of the network (and sub networks).

    2. we can’t really stop the national news from making us freaked out about remote things that have no impact on our daily life.

      Reminds me a tad of the thesis in The Information Diet: A Case for Conscious Comsumption by Clay A. Johnson

    3. homogenous

      Maybe homogeneousness of a different kind is the answer? Homogeneously civil perhaps?

  6. Oct 2017
    1. Commonality means that people will not have to pay to get access to the new public sphere: all will be free and public property. Commonality means also transversality: de-silo and cross-pollination.

    2. Openness is on the rise because it maximizes the improvement of goods and services, foster trust and support collaborative engagement.

    3. Transparency is the very basis of trust and the precondition of authentic dialogue. Data and people (including the administrators of a platform), should be traceable and audit-able. Transparency should be reciprocal, without distinction between rulers and ruled. Such transparency will ultimately be the basis of reflexive collective intelligence, allowing teams and communities of any size to observe and compare their cognitive activity

      The trouble with this is the post-truth political climate in which basic "facts" are under debate. What will the battle between these two groups look like and how can actual facts win out in the end. Will the future Eloi and Morlocks be the descendants between them?

    4. We need a new kind of public sphere: a platform in the cloud where data and metadata would be our common good, dedicated to the recording and collaborative exploitation of our memory in the service of collective intelligence. According to the current zeitgeist, the core values orienting the construction of this new public sphere should be: openness, transparency and commonality

    5. The practice of writing in ancient palace-temples gave birth to government as a separate entity. Alphabet and paper allowed the emergence of merchant city-states and the expansion of literate empires. The printing press, industrial economy, motorized transportation and electronic media sustained nation-states.

    6. The digital revolution will foster new forms of government. We discuss political problems in a global public space taking advantage of the web and social media. The majority of humans live in interconnected cities and metropoles. Each urban node wants to be an accelerator of collective intelligence, a smart city.

  7. Aug 2017
    1. he needed to be careful about setting big goals because he “worked for a guy who, if you don’t meet your goals, he’ll so skewer you.”

      the end of this statement being, "so why bother setting goals at all?"

    1. I would like to see contributions for which I am really interested, which stimulate me to think, in which I can learn something.

    1. I want a human curated web experience. I don’t want my experience curated by mysterious algorithms.

    1. Remember when the internet was going to usher in an age of peace and understanding because humans would be able to communicate with each other? It didn't happen.

      What didn't happen? The age of peace and understanding, or the ability for humans to communicate with each other freely?

    1. Vocativ's authors also found that the films that passed the test earned a total of $4.22 billion in the United States, while those that failed earned $2.66 billion in total, leading them to conclude that a way for Hollywood to make more money might be to "put more women onscreen."[35] A 2014 study by FiveThirtyEight based on data from about 1,615 films released from 1990 to 2013 concluded that the median budget of films that passed the test was 35% lower than that of the others. It found that the films that passed the test had about a 37% higher return on investment (ROI) in the United States, and the same ROI internationally, compared to films that did not pass the test.[37]

  8. Jul 2017
    1. the role of the blog is different than it was even just a couple of years ago. It’s not the sole outpost of an online life, although it can be an anchor, holding it in place.

    1. maybe there’s more that you can get for free

      Most of what's here in this article (and likely in the underlying papers) sounds to me to have been heavily influenced by the writings of W. Loewenstein and S. Kauffman. They've laid out some models/ideas that need more rigorous testing and work, and this seems like a reasonable start to the process.

      The "get for free" phrase itself is very S. Kauffman in my mind. I'm curious how many times it appears in his work?

    2. Any claims that it has to do with biology or the origins of life, he added, are “pure and shameless speculations.”

      Some truly harsh words from his former supervisor? Wow!

    3. The situation changed in the late 1990s, when the physicists Gavin Crooks and Chris Jarzynski derived “fluctuation theorems” that can be used to quantify how much more often certain physical processes happen than reverse processes. These theorems allow researchers to study how systems evolve — even far from equilibrium.

      look at these papers

    1. Comments sections often become shouting matches or spam-riddled.

      They can also become filled with "me too" type of commentary which doesn't add anything substantive to the conversation.

      See also the Why Did you Delete my comment at http://www.math.columbia.edu/~woit/wordpress/?page_id=4338

    2. The “conversation” ends up on Twitter, which is a horrible medium for it. Twitter’s critical flaw is, of course, it’s comically small post length limit. It’s really hard to have a thoughtful discussion 140 characters at a time. This is compounded by its terribly reply threading and its complete lack of formatting. It’s 2016 and this is the place for conversation on the web? Fuck that.

      Amen!

    3. But many of them don’t keep blogs of their own, or if they do, there’s never any cross-blog-conversation.

      The lack of good cross-blog-conversation has been one of the missing pieces of the web. I think this is why Webmentions can be so powerful.

    4. For a website the size and popularity of Daring Fireball, it’d probably be madness to foster any kind of coherent conversation.

      Certainly to do it without a staff would be difficult...

    5. If you want to respond, do so on your own website and tell me.

      Often it's the mechanism by which the tell me is the most difficult. Fortunately Webmentions make this a bit easier, particularly if they're moderated so the original author can control what's on their website.

  9. Jun 2017
    1. They are regarded as slightly pathetic.

      This may be one of Trump's few hot buttons... calling him pathetic or a looser.

    2. Trump is here said to be a wizard at media manipulation because he changes the subject. Deftly! As if a determined reporter could not change it back.

      And isn't it common political practice for interviewees to not accept the premise of the question and then to pivot?

    1. But the ability to work on indie projects is not available to all. The time and resources required to work indie are a sign of privilege, as is encouraging (and certainly expecting) all to work indie. As Anne Pasek writes, “all materials and practices … have a cost and thus a tollgate for participation.” (And there are many, often intersecting, forms of privilege that contribute to that “toll” ― race, gender, orientation, cultural background, economic background, able-bodiedness, etc.) So while indie work is great, and I’ve done a lot of it myself, we need to be careful about the ways in which we encourage and characterize indie work, noting in particular what it costs and who may be left behind or left out.

      This is all important and certainly true.

      However, as someone who knows he's certainly privileged, I view my definition of indie as something that is also open for others to come behind me and use for free or have the ability to reuse and remix in a way that corporate interests or non-indie work wouldn't. In a large sense, to me this means that while I may be privileged (whether that be socio-economically or even the time-encumbered), I'm helping to lower the cost and the burden for the less privileged who may come behind me to be able to do more, go further, or go faster.

      In some sense too, as described, indie has such a nebulous definition. Often when I see it in a technology related space I really read it as "Open Sourced".

    1. When Erdogan successfully carried out a constitutional referendum to greatly increase his powers, Trump called to congratulate him without reservations.

      another example of power/winning behaviour...

    2. He says he admires Vladimir Putin as a “strong” leader

      again, here, it's about appearing strong and being a winner.

    3. what a great job you are doing

      As pointed out in this sister article (https://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2017/05/trump-isis-losers/527925/) Trump only seems to be able to put things into perspective by either winners or losers. He doesn't seem to be able to see any of the other subtleties.

  10. May 2017
    1. my blog posts to be long-lived pieces of my consciousness: something I may want to refer back to, or remember in the future.

      a commonplace book!

    1. You’re giv­ing up far more than de­sign choice. Mr. Williams de­scribes Medium’s key ben­e­fit as res­cu­ing writ­ers from the “ter­ri­ble dis­trac­tion” of for­mat­ting chores. But con­sider the cost. Though he’s bait­ing the hook with de­sign, he’s also ask­ing you, the writer, to let him con­trol how you of­fer your work to read­ers. Mean­ing, to get the full ben­e­fit of Medium’s de­sign, you have to let your story live on Medium, send all your read­ers to Medium, have your work per­ma­nently en­tan­gled with other sto­ries on Medium, and so on—a sig­nif­i­cant concession.

      You're definitely not owning your own data.

    2. Min­i­mal­ism doesn’t fore­close ei­ther ex­pres­sive breadth or con­cep­tual depth. On the con­trary, the min­i­mal­ist pro­gram—as it ini­tially emerged in fine art of the 20th cen­tury—has been about di­vert­ing the viewer’s at­ten­tion from overt signs of au­thor­ship to the deeper pu­rity of the ingredients.

      This also sounds like a great way to cook!

  11. Apr 2017
    1. packaged the basic science of climate change into fake newspaper articles bearing two very different headlines

      Using fake news for the public good!

    2. It's just that "science" was whatever they wanted it to be.

      Donald Trump would be an extreme case of this in all things science or otherwise.

    1. The furore over Fake News is really about the seizures caused by overactivity in these synapses - confabulation and hallucination in the global brain of mutual media. With popularity always following a power law, runaway memetic outbreaks can become endemic, especially when the platform is doing what it can to accelerate them without any sense of their context or meaning.

      One might think that Facebook could easily analyze the things within their network that are getting above average reach and filter out or tamp down the network effects of the most damaging things which in the long run I suspect are going to damage their network overall.

    2. In indieweb we have been saying ‘build things that you want for yourself’, but building things that you want for your friends or organisation is a useful step between generations.

    1. Using an intercepting proxy, we observe nearly 800 different calls to several hundred distinct urls while visiting the homepage and a single article on TMZWorldStarNews.

      Holy cow this seems like an obscene number of calls!!

    1. Visit www.towcenter.org/pnp for the full report.

    2. However, this is a distraction from the larger issue that the structure and the economics of social platforms incentivize the spread of low-quality content over high-quality material. Journalism with high civic value—journalism that investigates power, or reaches underserved and local communities—is discriminated against by a system that favors scale and shareability.

    3. Some publishers are seeing a “Trump Bump” with subscriptions and donations rising post-election, and there is evidence of renewed efforts of both large and niche publishers to build audiences and revenue streams away from the intermediary platform businesses. However, it is too soon to tell if this represents a systemic change rather than a cyclical ripple.

      More likely a cyclical ripple, but one could hope...

    1. webmentions

      I'd recommend defining webmentions along with a link to the spec and W3C recommendation just after linkbacks/pingbacks as their more modern successor.

      As some of your potential audience isn't webmention aware, you could/should add some additional definition for those who are unlikely to click through to see the real value they represent.

    2. (see fragmentions)

      possibly put this link onto "URL fragments" earlier in the sentence rather than on this parenthetical for concision and clarity?

    3. promising piece

      especially given its use and popularity on platforms like Medium which are directly competing with WordPress.

    4. logs, receipts

      I wasn't generally aware of some of this history or ideas, you could add a paragraph or two more about these types of possibilities to summarize things for people who don't dig into the links (or likely won't/don't have time).

    5. Comments in WordPress

      <h2>Definitions & History</h2> It might be helpful, both here and in the future posts to have some headings to better delineate where we are in your argument and suggestions.

    6. what could be done

      don't forget to include something in the series about the potential future of salmentions and/or potentially vouch. Thinking forward about what potential problems may crop up and at least sketch solutions may help in creating a new forward looking implementation (particularly in a community focused on backwards compatibility) versus the indieweb way where one works on the basis of what actually exists rather than worrying about what could exist.

    7. popular responses

      popular MODERN responses

      It may help to underline how old the comment system is and that it doesn't really support many (any?) of the changes in the social web in the past decade.

      WordPress has it's own functionality for showing "likes" in a facepile (which is separate from comment functionality really), but since people can bookmark, read, or provide other social proof relating to a particular post supporting this is interesting. Emoji replies are certainly cool, but can be annoying/innocuous, particularly on posts with large numbers of comments. Some of the value of improving commenting is to aggregate some of these smaller intents into a more compact space to help make it easier to see the bigger/broader conversation without all the "me-too" sub commentary like "likes", "emoji", "thumbs up", etc. This may be even more important for the future of salmentions in which people can in some sense vote up or down comments with "likes". Having a comment set up that can pull in these types of salmentions to provide social weight to comments on a post would be a nice feature, particularly if a site can provide functionality to surface the most liked comments (in an indieweb fashion) on a post to highight the best comments amongst potential hundreds or thousands.

    8. unchanged

      a reference to how old and generally unmaintained/unsupported these are may be helpful in your argument, particularly for those who are going to care more about backwards compatibility.

    9. Indieweb

      This page could/should have a link to indieweb.org and could stand to have a quick delineation of what the basic principles are, and in particular as they overlap WordPress principles (like owning your own data on your own site). This will help the non-indieweb initiates on the WP side better understand what is possible.

    10. one of a series

      It would be nice to have an outline of what these multiple parts are. This seems to be the basic definitional post of what the current state is along with some history and some possibilities. Can you give one liners here of the other upcoming posts which might delineate where you'll be going in your arguments/discussion?

    11. pingbacks and trackbacks

      Though your audience is comprised of people who will know these well, perhaps adding a bit more definition with links to these and other examples will help to motivate your arguments.

    12. commentby

      space

    13. 1

      How leet!

    14. but on specific areas of it.

      Mention examples of this like Medium and/or Kartik's example using webmention.

  12. Mar 2017
    1. The problem in Washington is not a Deep State; the problem is a shallow man

    2. “Deep State” comes from the Turkish derin devlet, a clandestine network, including military and intelligence officers, along with civilian allies, whose mission was to protect the secular order established, in 1923, by the father figure of post-Ottoman Turkey, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk.

      Definition of Deep State

    1. Hypothesis Aggregator

      Be careful with this on newer versions of WP >4.7 as the shortcode was throwing a fatal error on pages on which it appeared. https://github.com/kshaffer/hypothesis_aggregator/issues/4

      p.s.: First!

    2. Kris Shaffer, the plugin’s author

      Here's his original post announcing the plugin: http://pushpullfork.com/2016/08/hypothesis-aggregator/

    3. Web annotation seems to promote more critical thinking and collaboration but it’s doubtful that it would ever fully replace commenting systems.

      But why not mix them together the way the IndieWeb has done?! A few people are using the new W3C recommendation spec for Webmention along with fragmentions to send a version of comments/marginalia/annotations to sites that accept them and have the ability to display them!

      A good example of this is Kartik Prabhu's website which does this somewhat like Medium does. One can write their response to a sub-section of his post on their own website, and using Webmention (yes, there's a WordPress plugin for that: https://wordpress.org/plugins/webmention/ ) send him the response. It then shows up on his site as a quote bubble next to the appropriate section which can then be opened and viewed by future readers. Example: https://kartikprabhu.com/articles/marginalia For those interested, he's opensourced the code to help accomplish this: https://github.com/kartikprabhu/marginalia

      While annotation systems have the ability to overlay one's site, there's certainly room for serious abuse as a result. (See an example at https://indieweb.org/annotation#Criticism) It would be nice if annotation systems were required to use something like webmentions (or older trackback/pingbacks) to indicate that a site had been mentioned elsewhere, this way, even if the publisher wasn't responsible for the resulting comments, they would be aware of possible attacks on their work/site/page.

    1. copying a manuscript of this kind proceeded at the rate of about one (two-sided) folio per day; pecia rentals typically lasted one week and involved about four folios.

  13. Feb 2017
    1. At any given moment, a field may be dominated by squabbles, but, in the end, the methodology prevails. Science moves forward, even as we remain stuck in place.

      This also sounds like the reason why the Indieweb movement is so interesting and potentially useful.

    1. pursue this abstraction

    2. Maldacena’s duality, called the “AdS/CFT correspondence,” tied the CFT to a corresponding “anti-de Sitter space,” which, with its extra dimension, pops out of the conformal system like a hologram.

    3. Arkani-Hamed speculates that the polyhedron is related to, or might even encompass, the “amplituhedron,” a geometric object that he and a collaborator discovered in 2013 that encodes the probabilities of different particle collision outcomes — specific examples of correlation functions.

    4. Polyakov initially didn’t believe it. His suspicion, shared by others, was that “maybe this happens because there is some hidden symmetry that we didn’t find yet.”

    5. Uncovering the polyhedral structure representing all possible quantum field theories would, in a sense, unify quark interactions, magnets and all observed and imagined phenomena in a single, inevitable structure

    6. But conformal systems, described by “conformal field theories” (CFTs), are uniform all the way up and down, and this, Polyakov discovered, makes them highly amenable to a bootstrap approach.

    7. Critical exponents corresponding to other well-known universality classes lie at kinks in other exclusion plots.

    8. Scale symmetry means there are no absolute notions of “near” and “far” in conformal systems;

    9. These critical exponents are clearly independent of either material’s microscopic details, arising instead from something that both systems, and others in their “universality class,” have in common.

    10. What materials at critical points have in common, Polyakov realized, is their symmetries: the set of geometric transformations that leave these systems unchanged. He conjectured that critical materials respect a group of symmetries called “conformal symmetries,” including, most importantly, scale symmetry.

    11. The bootstrap approach

      This also sounds a bit like complexity theory at play. What happens when we have some very simple laws and extrapolating them to higher and higher planes gives us the final answer. Naturally there are constraints, but this doesn't sound much different.

    12. Their findings indicate that the set of all quantum field theories forms a unique mathematical structure, one that does indeed pull itself up by its own bootstraps, which means it can be understood on its own terms.

      What kind of structure? Group? Ring? Other?

    13. This theory of quark interactions, called quantum chromodynamics, better matched experimental data and soon became one of the three pillars of the reigning Standard Model of particle physics.

    1. We’re just going to throw it up against the wall and see if it sticks.

      This isn't the smartest thing to do with this kind of money...

    1. As was true of his earlier work on social choice, the magnitude of Professor Arrow’s theoretical insight was staggering. But, he made clear, his powerful conclusions about the workings of competitive markets held true only under ideal — that is to say, unrealistic — assumptions.His assumptions, for example, ruled out the existence of third-party effects: The sale of a product by Harry to Joe was assumed not to affect the well-being of Sally — an assumption routinely violated in the real world by, for example, the sale of products that harm the environment.

    2. Take “learning by doing,” a notion that Professor Arrow examined in the early 1960s. The basic idea is straightforward: The more that a company produces, the smarter it gets. Decades later, economists incorporated this idea into sophisticated theories of “endogenous growth,” which have a country’s rate of economic growth depending on internal policies that promote innovation and education — the very forces that Professor Arrow’s writings anticipated.

    3. in the early 1960s, he teased apart the complexities that asymmetric information creates in the market for health insurance. He pointed to incentives for patients and their physicians to agree to medical procedures of questionable value when a third party, the insurer, pays the bills.

    4. Professor Arrow proved that their system of equations mathematically cohere: Prices exist that bring all markets into simultaneous equilibrium (whereby every item produced at the equilibrium price would be voluntarily purchased). And market competition puts society’s resources to good use: Competitive markets are efficient, in the language of economists.Professor Arrow’s theorems set out the precise conditions under which Adam Smith’s famous conjecture in “The Wealth of Nations” holds true: that the “invisible hand” of market competition among self-serving individuals serves society well.

    5. What Professor Arrow proved in his book “Social Choice and Individual Values” (1951) was far more sweeping. Not only would majority-voting rules prove unsatisfactory; so, too, would nonvoting systems of making social choices if, as was fundamental to his way of thinking, those choices were based on the preferences of the individuals making up the society.

    6. majority voting can produce arbitrary outcomes.

    1. We are sharded beings; the sum total of our various aspects as contained within our biological beings as well as the myriad of technologies that we use to extend our biological abilities.

      To some extent, this thesis could extend Cesar Hidalgo's concept of the personbyte as in putting part of one's self out onto the internet, one can, in some sense, contain more information than previously required.

      Richard Dawkin's concept of meme extends the idea a bit further in that an individual's thoughts can infect others and spread with a variable contagion rate dependent on various variables.

      I would suspect that though this does extend the idea of personbyte, there is still some limit to how large the size of a particular person's sphere could expand.

    2. While technological implants are certainly feasible, possible, and demonstrable, the main way in which we extend ourselves with technology today is not through implants but explants.

    3. in a tiny number of hands.

      or in a number of tiny hands, as the case can sometimes be.

    4. The reason we find ourselves in this mess with ubiquitous surveillance, filter bubbles, and fake news (propaganda) is precisely due to the utter and complete destruction of the public sphere by an oligopoly of private infrastructure that poses as public space.

      This is a whole new tragedy of the commons: people don't know where the commons actually are anymore.

    1. The HR rep began the meeting by asking me if I had noticed that *I* was the common theme in all of the reports I had been making, and that if I had ever considered that I might be the problem.

      Holy shit! If people haven't quite Uber already, this has got to be the end of the line...

    1. it encourages a “growth” mindset: the belief that your abilities can improve with your efforts.

      I'll be this also helps with their feeling of "flow" too.

    2. “Many thought, okay to get from A to B there are these three steps, but it turns out there are really five or six,”

      Sounds a lot like the mathematicians who came after Perelman to show that his proof of Poincare was correct--they needed help in getting from A to B too.

    1. a new paper by Hidalgo and his colleagues, appearing in the journal World Development, argues that everything else being equal, the complexity of a country’s exports also correlates with its degree of economic equality: The more complex a country’s products, the greater equality it enjoys relative to similar-sized countries with similar-sized economies.

      http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0305750X15309876

    2. facility of itself

      typo

    1. I pursued her until she had a change of heart

      The headline over-promises on the story that was delivered.

    2. I figured the odds were in my favor.

      Why would the odds be in his favor if there will be more men than women? Sounds more like the deck stacked against him.

  14. Jan 2017
  15. Dec 2016
    1. Think of a standard map of the world, showing the borders and capitals of the world’s 190-odd countries. That is the chessboard view.Now think of a map of the world at night, with the lit-up bursts of cities and the dark swaths of wilderness. Those corridors of light mark roads, cars, houses, and offices; they mark the networks of human relationships, where families and workers and travelers come together. That is the web view. It is a map not of separation, marking off boundaries of sovereign power, but of connection.

    2. the Westphalian world order mandated the sovereign equality of states not as an end in itself but as a means to protect the subjects of those states—the people.

    3. The people must come first. Where they do not, sooner or later, they will overthrow their governments.

    4. Open societies, open governments, and an open international system are risky propositions. But they are humankind’s best hope for harnessing the power not only of states but also of businesses, universities, civic organizations, and citizens to address the planetary problems that now touch us all.

    5. when a state abrogated its responsibility to protect the basic rights of its people, other states had a responsibility to protect those citizens, if necessary through military intervention.

    6. But human rights themselves became politically polarized during the Cold War, with the West championing civil and political rights; the East championing economic, social, and cultural rights; and both sides tending to ignore violations in their client states.

    7. The institutions built after World War II remain important repositories of legitimacy and authority. But they need to become the hubs of a flatter, faster, more flexible system, one that operates at the level of citizens as well as states.

    8. U.S. policymakers should think in terms of translating chessboard alliances into hubs of connectedness and capability.

    9. According to systems theory, the level of organization in a closed system can only stay the same or decrease. In open systems, by contrast, the level of organization can increase in response to new inputs and disruptions. That means that such a system should be able to ride out the volatility caused by changing power relationships and incorporate new kinds of global networks.

    10. Writing about “connexity” 20 years ago, the British author and political adviser Geoff Mulgan argued that in adapting to permanent interdependence, governments and societies would have to rethink their policies, organizational structures, and conceptions of morality. Constant connectedness, he wrote, would place a premium on “reciprocity, the idea of give and take,” and a spirit of openness, trust, and transparency would underpin a “different way of governing.” Governments would “provide a framework of predictability, but leave space for people to organise themselves in flatter, more reciprocal structures.”

    11. Instead of governing themselves through those who represent them, citizens can partner directly with the government to solve public problems.

    12. an open international order of the twenty-first century should be anchored in secure and self-reliant societies, in which citizens can participate actively in their own protection and prosperity. The first building block is open societies; the second is open governments.

    13. The self-reliance necessary for open security depends on the ability to self-organize and take action.

    14. The government’s role is to “invest in creating a more resilient nation,” which includes briefing and empowering the public, but more as a partner than a protector.

    15. much of the civil rights work of this century will entail championing digital rights.

    16. Hard gatekeeping is a strategy of connection, but it calls for division, replacing the physical barriers of the twentieth century with digital ones of the twenty-first.

    17. In this order, states must be waves and particles at the same time.

      Great and and appropriate physics analogy.

    18. The legal order of the twenty-first century must be a double order, acknowledging the existence of domestic and international spheres of action and law but seeing the boundary between them as permeable.

      Emphasis on "the boundary between them as permeable"!

    19. In many countries, legislatures and government agencies have begun publishing draft legislation on open-source platforms such as GitHub, enabling their publics to contribute to the revision process.

    20. The declaration’s three major principles are transparency, civic participation, and accountability.

      As I read this, it makes me think in some sense that groups like IndieWeb.org are the modern-day equivalent of the Lions Club or Kiwinis, just internet based and with civic goals that go beyond a city's borders.

    21. In practice, governments must have a legal framework that requires the disclosure of the income and assets of all high government officials and must put in place a set of deterrents against bribery.

      The United States has apparently failed itself in this regard with respect to President-elect Trump.

    22. Buildings and empires really do topple under their own weight.

      Particularly when they don't have resilience built into them.

    23. Ramo argues that the winner-take-all nature of network effects means that the current platform monopolies are here to stay.

      But we know from longer term analyses that this isn't the case or else why doesn't Egypt rule the world? Rome?

      Perhaps they may work in the near term, but certainly not in the longer term.

    24. a grand strategy of “hard gatekeeping,” based on the power to grant or deny access to closed networks he calls “gatelands.”

    25. In his book The Seventh Sense, Joshua Ramo recognizes that a “new age of constant connection” has arrived

    26. Dictatorships fare little better than democracies at stopping such attacks, and at a far higher cost to civil liberties.

      This sounds correct, but is there supporting data to corroborate it?

    27. Peace of Westphalia created a framework of sovereign and equal states.

    28. problems and threats arise because people are too connected, not connected enough, or connected in the wrong ways to the wrong people or things.

    29. The essential fault line of the digital age is not between capitalism and communism or democracy and autocracy but between open and closed.

    30. Alec Ross, a technology expert and former State Department official, lines up countries on an “open-closed axis.” As he argues, “the societies that embrace openness will be those that compete and succeed most effectively.”

      Is there a graph or image for this?

    1. Twitter did not immediately respond to a request for comment.

      It would be more interesting if they shut his account down for reported abuses to see what the reaction might be.

    2. "We told them it was BS and what they were doing with a public platform was incredibly reckless and dangerous," wrote Coby of the back-and-forth between the Trump operation and Twitter.

      Twitter may be a platform that mostly lives in the public, but it isn't a public platform. It's also one of the reasons I have my own site.

    1. Two different, often competing populist traditions have long thrived in the United States. Pundits often speak of “left-wing” and “right-wing” populists. But those labels don’t capture the most meaningful distinction. The first type of American populist directs his or her ire exclusively upward: at corporate elites and their enablers in government who have allegedly betrayed the interests of the men and women who do the nation’s essential work. These populists embrace a conception of “the people” based on class and avoid identifying themselves as supporters or opponents of any particular ethnic group or religion. They belong to a broadly liberal current in American political life; they advance a version of “civic nationalism,” which the historian Gary Gerstle defines as the “belief in the fundamental equality of all human beings, in every individual’s inalienable rights to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness, and in a democratic government that derives its legitimacy from the people’s consent.”

    2. Although Trump’s rise has demonstrated the enduring appeal of the racial-nationalist strain of American populism, his campaign is missing one crucial element. It lacks a relatively coherent, emotionally rousing description of “the people” whom Trump claims to represent.

    3. By invoking identities that voters embraced—“producers,” “white laborers,” “Christian Americans,” or President Richard Nixon’s “silent majority”—populists roused them to vote for their party and not merely against the alternatives on offer.

    4. For much of his campaign, his slogan might as well have been “Make America Hate Again.”

    5. According to a recent study by the political scientist Justin Gest, 65 percent of white Americans—about two-fifths of the population—would be open to voting for a party that stood for “stopping mass immigration, providing American jobs to American workers, preserving America’s Christian heritage, and stopping the threat of Islam.”

      This is the second article in the same issue of Foreign Affairs that's quoting this same statistic from the same paper.

    1. Today, an American’s economic status is a bad predictor of his or her voting preferences. His or her views on social issues—say, same-sex marriage—are a much more accurate guide to whether he or she will support Republicans or Democrats.

    2. That slower growth is coupled with challenges that relate to the new global economy. Globalization is now pervasive and entrenched, and the markets of the West are (broadly speaking) the most open in the world. Goods can easily be manufactured in lower-wage economies and shipped to advanced industrial ones. While the effect of increased global trade is positive for economies as a whole, specific sectors get battered, and large swaths of unskilled and semiskilled workers find themselves unemployed or underemployed.

    3. The most widely held job for an American male today is driving a car, bus, or truck, as The Atlantic’s Derek Thompson has noted.

    4. This convergence in economic policy has contributed to a situation in which the crucial difference between the left and the right today is cultural.

    5. The shift began, as Inglehart and Norris note, in the 1970s, when young people embraced a postmaterialist politics centered on self-expression and issues related to gender, race, and the environment. They challenged authority and established institutions and norms, and they were largely successful in introducing new ideas and recasting politics and society. But they also produced a counterreaction. The older generation, particularly men, was traumatized by what it saw as an assault on the civilization and values it cherished and had grown up with. These people began to vote for parties and candidates that they believed would, above all, hold at bay these forces of cultural and social change.

    6. The most striking findings of the paper are about the decline of economics as the pivot of politics.

    7. Voting patterns traditionally reinforced this ideological divide, with the working class opting for the left and middle and upper classes for the right. Income was usually the best predictor of a person’s political choices.

    8. There is a reality behind the rhetoric, for we are indeed living in an age of mass migration. The world has been transformed by the globalization of goods, services, and information, all of which have produced their share of pain and rejection. But we are now witnessing the globalization of people, and public reaction to that is stronger, more visceral, and more emotional.

    9. For the vast majority of human history, people lived, traveled, worked, and died within a few miles of their birthplace. In recent decades, however, Western societies have seen large influxes of people from different lands and alien cultures.

    10. . The number of immigrants entering many European countries is historically high. In the United States, the proportion of Americans who were foreign-born increased from less than five percent in 1970 to almost 14 percent today. And the problem of illegal immigration to the United States remains real, even though it has slowed recently. In many countries, the systems designed to manage immigration and provide services for integrating immigrants have broken down. And yet all too often, governments have refused to fix them, whether because powerful economic interests benefit from cheap labor or because officials fear appearing uncaring or xenophobic.

    11. Trump’s political genius was to realize that many Republican voters were unmoved by the standard party gospel of free trade, low taxes, deregulation, and entitlement reform but would respond well to a different appeal based on cultural fears and nationalist sentiment.

    1. And even if you manage to get them, the poor cannot afford unpaid internships, pro bono work, or even the irregularity of jobs.

      This almost sounds to me like the disruption that happened to the television business in the late 90s early 00s. Elite movie stars began doing television which pushed out a lot of working class actors who had previously been doing television. Many agencies went out of business and the acting pool shrank as the result of actors who could personally afford to not work shrank as well.

    1. But over time the damage will accumulate: misallocated capital, lower competitiveness and reduced faith in America’s institutions. Those who will suffer most are the very workers Mr Trump is promising to help. That is why, if he really wants to make America great again, Mr Trump should lay off the protectionism and steer clear of the bullying right now.

    2. Mr Trump’s mercantilism is long-held and could prove fierce, particularly if the strong dollar pushes America’s trade deficit higher (see article). Congress would have only limited powers to restrain the president’s urge to impose tariffs. More important, even if rash protectionism is avoided, a strategy based on bribing and bullying individual companies will itself be a problem.

    3. Nonetheless, Mr Trump’s approach is worrying. Unlike the Depression, when Hoover and then Roosevelt got companies to act in what they (often wrongly) saw as the national interest; or 2009, when Mr Obama corralled the banks and bailed out Detroit, America today is not in crisis. Mr Trump’s meddling is thus likely to be the new normal. Worse, his penchant for unpredictable and often vindictive bullying is likely to be more corrosive than the handouts most politicians favour.

    4. The role of lobbyists will grow—an irony given that Mr Trump promised to drain the Washington swamp of special interests.

    5. Such tariffs would be hugely disruptive. They would make goods more expensive for American consumers. By preventing American firms from maximising their efficiency using complex supply chains, they would reduce their competitiveness, deter new investment and, eventually, hurt workers’ wages across the economy. They would also encourage a tit-for-tat response.

    6. American capitalism has flourished thanks to the predictable application of rules. If, at the margin, that rules-based system is superseded by an ad hoc approach in which businessmen must take heed and pay homage to the whim of King Donald, the long-term damage to America’s economy will be grave.