148 Matching Annotations
  1. Mar 2017
  2. www.newyorker.com www.newyorker.com
    There Is No Deep State
    2
    1. The problem in Washington is not a Deep State; the problem is a shallow man
      Donald J. Trump
    2. “Deep State” comes from the Turkish derin devlet, a clandestine network, including military and intelligence officers, along with civilian allies, whose mission was to protect the secular order established, in 1923, by the father figure of post-Ottoman Turkey, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk.

      Definition of Deep State

    www.pelicancrossing.net www.pelicancrossing.net
    net.wars: Fans with typewriters
    1
    1. Martin Banks summed this up neatly on

      It would be nice if the sentence was finished...

    indieweb.org indieweb.org
    Hypothes.is - IndieWeb
    1
    indieweb.org indieweb.org
    highlight - IndieWeb
    1
    wptavern.com wptavern.com
    Web Annotations are Now a W3C Standard, Paving the Way for Decentralized Annotation Infrastructure
    3
    1. Hypothesis Aggregator

      Be careful with this on newer versions of WP >4.7 as the shortcode was throwing a fatal error on pages on which it appeared. https://github.com/kshaffer/hypothesis_aggregator/issues/4

      p.s.: First!

      annotation Hypothesis Aggregator wa030317sg
    2. Kris Shaffer, the plugin’s author

      Here's his original post announcing the plugin: http://pushpullfork.com/2016/08/hypothesis-aggregator/

      Hypothesis Aggregator annotation wa030317sg
    3. Web annotation seems to promote more critical thinking and collaboration but it’s doubtful that it would ever fully replace commenting systems.

      But why not mix them together the way the IndieWeb has done?! A few people are using the new W3C recommendation spec for Webmention along with fragmentions to send a version of comments/marginalia/annotations to sites that accept them and have the ability to display them!

      A good example of this is Kartik Prabhu's website which does this somewhat like Medium does. One can write their response to a sub-section of his post on their own website, and using Webmention (yes, there's a WordPress plugin for that: https://wordpress.org/plugins/webmention/ ) send him the response. It then shows up on his site as a quote bubble next to the appropriate section which can then be opened and viewed by future readers. Example: https://kartikprabhu.com/articles/marginalia For those interested, he's opensourced the code to help accomplish this: https://github.com/kartikprabhu/marginalia

      While annotation systems have the ability to overlay one's site, there's certainly room for serious abuse as a result. (See an example at https://indieweb.org/annotation#Criticism) It would be nice if annotation systems were required to use something like webmentions (or older trackback/pingbacks) to indicate that a site had been mentioned elsewhere, this way, even if the publisher wasn't responsible for the resulting comments, they would be aware of possible attacks on their work/site/page.

      annotations webmentions fragmentions wa030317sg
    takenote.chs.harvard.edu takenote.chs.harvard.edu
    Commentary on Peter Lombard | Take Note
    1
    1. copying a manuscript of this kind proceeded at the rate of about one (two-sided) folio per day; pecia rentals typically lasted one week and involved about four folios.
      marginalia manuscript pecia rental
  3. Feb 2017
  4. www.newyorker.com www.newyorker.com
    Why Facts Don’t Change Our Minds
    1
    1. At any given moment, a field may be dominated by squabbles, but, in the end, the methodology prevails. Science moves forward, even as we remain stuck in place.

      This also sounds like the reason why the Indieweb movement is so interesting and potentially useful.

      IndieWeb
    www.quantamagazine.org www.quantamagazine.org
    Physicists Uncover Geometric ‘Theory Space’ | Quanta Magazine
    13
    1. pursue this abstraction
      pu022317nw
    2. Maldacena’s duality, called the “AdS/CFT correspondence,” tied the CFT to a corresponding “anti-de Sitter space,” which, with its extra dimension, pops out of the conformal system like a hologram.
      pu022317nw
    3. Arkani-Hamed speculates that the polyhedron is related to, or might even encompass, the “amplituhedron,” a geometric object that he and a collaborator discovered in 2013 that encodes the probabilities of different particle collision outcomes — specific examples of correlation functions.
      pu022317nw
    4. Polyakov initially didn’t believe it. His suspicion, shared by others, was that “maybe this happens because there is some hidden symmetry that we didn’t find yet.”
      pu022317nw
    5. Uncovering the polyhedral structure representing all possible quantum field theories would, in a sense, unify quark interactions, magnets and all observed and imagined phenomena in a single, inevitable structure
      pu022317nw
    6. But conformal systems, described by “conformal field theories” (CFTs), are uniform all the way up and down, and this, Polyakov discovered, makes them highly amenable to a bootstrap approach.
      pu022317nw
    7. Critical exponents corresponding to other well-known universality classes lie at kinks in other exclusion plots.
      pu022317nw
    8. Scale symmetry means there are no absolute notions of “near” and “far” in conformal systems;
      pu022317nw
    9. These critical exponents are clearly independent of either material’s microscopic details, arising instead from something that both systems, and others in their “universality class,” have in common.
      pu022317nw
    10. What materials at critical points have in common, Polyakov realized, is their symmetries: the set of geometric transformations that leave these systems unchanged. He conjectured that critical materials respect a group of symmetries called “conformal symmetries,” including, most importantly, scale symmetry.
      pu022317nw
    11. The bootstrap approach

      This also sounds a bit like complexity theory at play. What happens when we have some very simple laws and extrapolating them to higher and higher planes gives us the final answer. Naturally there are constraints, but this doesn't sound much different.

      pu022317nw
    12. Their findings indicate that the set of all quantum field theories forms a unique mathematical structure, one that does indeed pull itself up by its own bootstraps, which means it can be understood on its own terms.

      What kind of structure? Group? Ring? Other?

      pu022317nw physics
    13. This theory of quark interactions, called quantum chromodynamics, better matched experimental data and soon became one of the three pillars of the reigning Standard Model of particle physics.
      pu022317nw
    www.bloomberg.com www.bloomberg.com
    Elon Musk Is Really Boring
    1
    1. We’re just going to throw it up against the wall and see if it sticks.

      This isn't the smartest thing to do with this kind of money...

      em021617mc
    www.nytimes.com www.nytimes.com
    Kenneth Arrow, Nobel-Winning Economist Whose Influence Spanned Decades, Dies at 95
    6
    1. As was true of his earlier work on social choice, the magnitude of Professor Arrow’s theoretical insight was staggering. But, he made clear, his powerful conclusions about the workings of competitive markets held true only under ideal — that is to say, unrealistic — assumptions.His assumptions, for example, ruled out the existence of third-party effects: The sale of a product by Harry to Joe was assumed not to affect the well-being of Sally — an assumption routinely violated in the real world by, for example, the sale of products that harm the environment.
      ka022117mw
    2. Take “learning by doing,” a notion that Professor Arrow examined in the early 1960s. The basic idea is straightforward: The more that a company produces, the smarter it gets. Decades later, economists incorporated this idea into sophisticated theories of “endogenous growth,” which have a country’s rate of economic growth depending on internal policies that promote innovation and education — the very forces that Professor Arrow’s writings anticipated.
      ka022117mw
    3. in the early 1960s, he teased apart the complexities that asymmetric information creates in the market for health insurance. He pointed to incentives for patients and their physicians to agree to medical procedures of questionable value when a third party, the insurer, pays the bills.
      ka022117mw
    4. Professor Arrow proved that their system of equations mathematically cohere: Prices exist that bring all markets into simultaneous equilibrium (whereby every item produced at the equilibrium price would be voluntarily purchased). And market competition puts society’s resources to good use: Competitive markets are efficient, in the language of economists.Professor Arrow’s theorems set out the precise conditions under which Adam Smith’s famous conjecture in “The Wealth of Nations” holds true: that the “invisible hand” of market competition among self-serving individuals serves society well.
      ka022117mw
    5. What Professor Arrow proved in his book “Social Choice and Individual Values” (1951) was far more sweeping. Not only would majority-voting rules prove unsatisfactory; so, too, would nonvoting systems of making social choices if, as was fundamental to his way of thinking, those choices were based on the preferences of the individuals making up the society.
      ka022117mw
    6. majority voting can produce arbitrary outcomes.
      ka022117mw
    ar.al ar.al
    Aral Balkan — Encouraging individual sovereignty and a healthy commons
    4
    1. We are sharded beings; the sum total of our various aspects as contained within our biological beings as well as the myriad of technologies that we use to extend our biological abilities.

      To some extent, this thesis could extend Cesar Hidalgo's concept of the personbyte as in putting part of one's self out onto the internet, one can, in some sense, contain more information than previously required.

      Richard Dawkin's concept of meme extends the idea a bit further in that an individual's thoughts can infect others and spread with a variable contagion rate dependent on various variables.

      I would suspect that though this does extend the idea of personbyte, there is still some limit to how large the size of a particular person's sphere could expand.

      Why Informaiton Grows personbyte explants eis021817ab
    2. While technological implants are certainly feasible, possible, and demonstrable, the main way in which we extend ourselves with technology today is not through implants but explants.
      explants eis021817ab
    3. in a tiny number of hands.

      or in a number of tiny hands, as the case can sometimes be.

      Trump eis021817ab
    4. The reason we find ourselves in this mess with ubiquitous surveillance, filter bubbles, and fake news (propaganda) is precisely due to the utter and complete destruction of the public sphere by an oligopoly of private infrastructure that poses as public space.

      This is a whole new tragedy of the commons: people don't know where the commons actually are anymore.

      public space tragedy of the commons eis021817ab
    www.susanjfowler.com www.susanjfowler.com
    Reflecting on one very, very strange year at Uber
    1
    1. The HR rep began the meeting by asking me if I had noticed that *I* was the common theme in all of the reports I had been making, and that if I had ever considered that I might be the problem.

      Holy shit! If people haven't quite Uber already, this has got to be the end of the line...

      sexism Uber
    qz.com qz.com
    A mathematician has created a teaching method that’s proving there’s no such thing as a bad math student
    2
    1. it encourages a “growth” mindset: the belief that your abilities can improve with your efforts.

      I'll be this also helps with their feeling of "flow" too.

      flow math pedagogy
    2. “Many thought, okay to get from A to B there are these three steps, but it turns out there are really five or six,”

      Sounds a lot like the mathematicians who came after Perelman to show that his proof of Poincare was correct--they needed help in getting from A to B too.

      math pedagogy
    news.mit.edu news.mit.edu
    Income inequality linked to export “complexity”
    2
    1. a new paper by Hidalgo and his colleagues, appearing in the journal World Development, argues that everything else being equal, the complexity of a country’s exports also correlates with its degree of economic equality: The more complex a country’s products, the greater equality it enjoys relative to similar-sized countries with similar-sized economies.

      http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0305750X15309876

    2. facility of itself

      typo

    www.latimes.com www.latimes.com
    I pursued her until she had a change of heart
    2
    1. I pursued her until she had a change of heart

      The headline over-promises on the story that was delivered.

    2. I figured the odds were in my favor.

      Why would the odds be in his favor if there will be more men than women? Sounds more like the deck stacked against him.

      editing
  5. Jan 2017
  6. myscript.com myscript.com
    Apps & Demos | MyScript
    1
    hypothes.is hypothes.is
    Annotation by nateangell@hypothes.is on ChrisAldrich on Twitter
    1
  7. Dec 2016
  8. www.foreignaffairs.com www.foreignaffairs.com
    How to Succeed in the Networked World
    30
    1. Think of a standard map of the world, showing the borders and capitals of the world’s 190-odd countries. That is the chessboard view.Now think of a map of the world at night, with the lit-up bursts of cities and the dark swaths of wilderness. Those corridors of light mark roads, cars, houses, and offices; they mark the networks of human relationships, where families and workers and travelers come together. That is the web view. It is a map not of separation, marking off boundaries of sovereign power, but of connection.
      AMS12FA
    2. the Westphalian world order mandated the sovereign equality of states not as an end in itself but as a means to protect the subjects of those states—the people.
      AMS12FA
    3. The people must come first. Where they do not, sooner or later, they will overthrow their governments.
      AMS12FA
    4. Open societies, open governments, and an open international system are risky propositions. But they are humankind’s best hope for harnessing the power not only of states but also of businesses, universities, civic organizations, and citizens to address the planetary problems that now touch us all.
      AMS12FA
    5. when a state abrogated its responsibility to protect the basic rights of its people, other states had a responsibility to protect those citizens, if necessary through military intervention.
      AMS12FA
    6. But human rights themselves became politically polarized during the Cold War, with the West championing civil and political rights; the East championing economic, social, and cultural rights; and both sides tending to ignore violations in their client states.
      AMS12FA
    7. The institutions built after World War II remain important repositories of legitimacy and authority. But they need to become the hubs of a flatter, faster, more flexible system, one that operates at the level of citizens as well as states.
      AMS12FA
    8. U.S. policymakers should think in terms of translating chessboard alliances into hubs of connectedness and capability.
      AMS12FA
    9. According to systems theory, the level of organization in a closed system can only stay the same or decrease. In open systems, by contrast, the level of organization can increase in response to new inputs and disruptions. That means that such a system should be able to ride out the volatility caused by changing power relationships and incorporate new kinds of global networks.
      AMS12FA
    10. Writing about “connexity” 20 years ago, the British author and political adviser Geoff Mulgan argued that in adapting to permanent interdependence, governments and societies would have to rethink their policies, organizational structures, and conceptions of morality. Constant connectedness, he wrote, would place a premium on “reciprocity, the idea of give and take,” and a spirit of openness, trust, and transparency would underpin a “different way of governing.” Governments would “provide a framework of predictability, but leave space for people to organise themselves in flatter, more reciprocal structures.”
      AMS12FA
    11. Instead of governing themselves through those who represent them, citizens can partner directly with the government to solve public problems.
      AMS12FA
    12. an open international order of the twenty-first century should be anchored in secure and self-reliant societies, in which citizens can participate actively in their own protection and prosperity. The first building block is open societies; the second is open governments.
      AMS12FA
    13. The self-reliance necessary for open security depends on the ability to self-organize and take action.
      AMS12FA
    14. The government’s role is to “invest in creating a more resilient nation,” which includes briefing and empowering the public, but more as a partner than a protector.
      AMS12FA
    15. much of the civil rights work of this century will entail championing digital rights.
      AMS12FA
    16. Hard gatekeeping is a strategy of connection, but it calls for division, replacing the physical barriers of the twentieth century with digital ones of the twenty-first.
      AMS12FA
    17. In this order, states must be waves and particles at the same time.

      Great and and appropriate physics analogy.

      AMS12FA
    18. The legal order of the twenty-first century must be a double order, acknowledging the existence of domestic and international spheres of action and law but seeing the boundary between them as permeable.

      Emphasis on "the boundary between them as permeable"!

      AMS12FA
    19. In many countries, legislatures and government agencies have begun publishing draft legislation on open-source platforms such as GitHub, enabling their publics to contribute to the revision process.
      AMS12FA
    20. The declaration’s three major principles are transparency, civic participation, and accountability.

      As I read this, it makes me think in some sense that groups like IndieWeb.org are the modern-day equivalent of the Lions Club or Kiwinis, just internet based and with civic goals that go beyond a city's borders.

      AMS12FA
    21. In practice, governments must have a legal framework that requires the disclosure of the income and assets of all high government officials and must put in place a set of deterrents against bribery.

      The United States has apparently failed itself in this regard with respect to President-elect Trump.

      AMS12FA
    22. Buildings and empires really do topple under their own weight.

      Particularly when they don't have resilience built into them.

      AMS12FA
    23. Ramo argues that the winner-take-all nature of network effects means that the current platform monopolies are here to stay.

      But we know from longer term analyses that this isn't the case or else why doesn't Egypt rule the world? Rome?

      Perhaps they may work in the near term, but certainly not in the longer term.

      AMS12FA
    24. a grand strategy of “hard gatekeeping,” based on the power to grant or deny access to closed networks he calls “gatelands.”
      AMS12FA
    25. In his book The Seventh Sense, Joshua Ramo recognizes that a “new age of constant connection” has arrived
      AMS12FA
    26. Dictatorships fare little better than democracies at stopping such attacks, and at a far higher cost to civil liberties.

      This sounds correct, but is there supporting data to corroborate it?

      AMS12FA
    27. Peace of Westphalia created a framework of sovereign and equal states.
      AMS12FA
    28. problems and threats arise because people are too connected, not connected enough, or connected in the wrong ways to the wrong people or things.
      AMS12FA
    29. The essential fault line of the digital age is not between capitalism and communism or democracy and autocracy but between open and closed.
      AMS12FA
    30. Alec Ross, a technology expert and former State Department official, lines up countries on an “open-closed axis.” As he argues, “the societies that embrace openness will be those that compete and succeed most effectively.”

      Is there a graph or image for this?

      AMS12FA
    www.politico.com www.politico.com
    Source: Twitter cut out of Trump tech meeting over failed emoji deal
    2
    1. Twitter did not immediately respond to a request for comment.

      It would be more interesting if they shut his account down for reported abuses to see what the reaction might be.

      NS121416P
    2. "We told them it was BS and what they were doing with a public platform was incredibly reckless and dangerous," wrote Coby of the back-and-forth between the Trump operation and Twitter.

      Twitter may be a platform that mostly lives in the public, but it isn't a public platform. It's also one of the reasons I have my own site.

      social media election 2016 NS121416P
    www.foreignaffairs.com www.foreignaffairs.com
    Trump and American Populism
    5
    1. Two different, often competing populist traditions have long thrived in the United States. Pundits often speak of “left-wing” and “right-wing” populists. But those labels don’t capture the most meaningful distinction. The first type of American populist directs his or her ire exclusively upward: at corporate elites and their enablers in government who have allegedly betrayed the interests of the men and women who do the nation’s essential work. These populists embrace a conception of “the people” based on class and avoid identifying themselves as supporters or opponents of any particular ethnic group or religion. They belong to a broadly liberal current in American political life; they advance a version of “civic nationalism,” which the historian Gary Gerstle defines as the “belief in the fundamental equality of all human beings, in every individual’s inalienable rights to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness, and in a democratic government that derives its legitimacy from the people’s consent.”
      MK1216FA
    2. Although Trump’s rise has demonstrated the enduring appeal of the racial-nationalist strain of American populism, his campaign is missing one crucial element. It lacks a relatively coherent, emotionally rousing description of “the people” whom Trump claims to represent.
      MK1216FA
    3. By invoking identities that voters embraced—“producers,” “white laborers,” “Christian Americans,” or President Richard Nixon’s “silent majority”—populists roused them to vote for their party and not merely against the alternatives on offer.
      MK1216FA
    4. For much of his campaign, his slogan might as well have been “Make America Hate Again.”
      MK1216FA
    5. According to a recent study by the political scientist Justin Gest, 65 percent of white Americans—about two-fifths of the population—would be open to voting for a party that stood for “stopping mass immigration, providing American jobs to American workers, preserving America’s Christian heritage, and stopping the threat of Islam.”

      This is the second article in the same issue of Foreign Affairs that's quoting this same statistic from the same paper.

      MK1216FA
    www.foreignaffairs.com www.foreignaffairs.com
    Populism on the March
    11
    1. Today, an American’s economic status is a bad predictor of his or her voting preferences. His or her views on social issues—say, same-sex marriage—are a much more accurate guide to whether he or she will support Republicans or Democrats.
      POTM12FA
    2. That slower growth is coupled with challenges that relate to the new global economy. Globalization is now pervasive and entrenched, and the markets of the West are (broadly speaking) the most open in the world. Goods can easily be manufactured in lower-wage economies and shipped to advanced industrial ones. While the effect of increased global trade is positive for economies as a whole, specific sectors get battered, and large swaths of unskilled and semiskilled workers find themselves unemployed or underemployed.
      POTM12FA
    3. The most widely held job for an American male today is driving a car, bus, or truck, as The Atlantic’s Derek Thompson has noted.
      POTM12FA
    4. This convergence in economic policy has contributed to a situation in which the crucial difference between the left and the right today is cultural.
      POTM12FA
    5. The shift began, as Inglehart and Norris note, in the 1970s, when young people embraced a postmaterialist politics centered on self-expression and issues related to gender, race, and the environment. They challenged authority and established institutions and norms, and they were largely successful in introducing new ideas and recasting politics and society. But they also produced a counterreaction. The older generation, particularly men, was traumatized by what it saw as an assault on the civilization and values it cherished and had grown up with. These people began to vote for parties and candidates that they believed would, above all, hold at bay these forces of cultural and social change.
      POTM12FA
    6. The most striking findings of the paper are about the decline of economics as the pivot of politics.
      POTM12FA
    7. Voting patterns traditionally reinforced this ideological divide, with the working class opting for the left and middle and upper classes for the right. Income was usually the best predictor of a person’s political choices.
      POTM12FA
    8. There is a reality behind the rhetoric, for we are indeed living in an age of mass migration. The world has been transformed by the globalization of goods, services, and information, all of which have produced their share of pain and rejection. But we are now witnessing the globalization of people, and public reaction to that is stronger, more visceral, and more emotional.
      POTM12FA
    9. For the vast majority of human history, people lived, traveled, worked, and died within a few miles of their birthplace. In recent decades, however, Western societies have seen large influxes of people from different lands and alien cultures.
      POTM12FA
    10. . The number of immigrants entering many European countries is historically high. In the United States, the proportion of Americans who were foreign-born increased from less than five percent in 1970 to almost 14 percent today. And the problem of illegal immigration to the United States remains real, even though it has slowed recently. In many countries, the systems designed to manage immigration and provide services for integrating immigrants have broken down. And yet all too often, governments have refused to fix them, whether because powerful economic interests benefit from cheap labor or because officials fear appearing uncaring or xenophobic.
      POTM12FA
    11. Trump’s political genius was to realize that many Republican voters were unmoved by the standard party gospel of free trade, low taxes, deregulation, and entitlement reform but would respond well to a different appeal based on cultural fears and nationalist sentiment.
      POTM12FA
    thewire.in thewire.in
    A Cassandra in Trumpland: Sarah Kendzior's Pithy Commentary on Privilege
    1
    1. And even if you manage to get them, the poor cannot afford unpaid internships, pro bono work, or even the irregularity of jobs.

      This almost sounds to me like the disruption that happened to the television business in the late 90s early 00s. Elite movie stars began doing television which pushed out a lot of working class actors who had previously been doing television. Many agencies went out of business and the acting pool shrank as the result of actors who could personally afford to not work shrank as well.

      OA091216TW
    www.economist.com www.economist.com
    How Donald Trump is changing the rules for American business
    6
    1. But over time the damage will accumulate: misallocated capital, lower competitiveness and reduced faith in America’s institutions. Those who will suffer most are the very workers Mr Trump is promising to help. That is why, if he really wants to make America great again, Mr Trump should lay off the protectionism and steer clear of the bullying right now.
      AB121016EC
    2. Mr Trump’s mercantilism is long-held and could prove fierce, particularly if the strong dollar pushes America’s trade deficit higher (see article). Congress would have only limited powers to restrain the president’s urge to impose tariffs. More important, even if rash protectionism is avoided, a strategy based on bribing and bullying individual companies will itself be a problem.
      AB121016EC
    3. Nonetheless, Mr Trump’s approach is worrying. Unlike the Depression, when Hoover and then Roosevelt got companies to act in what they (often wrongly) saw as the national interest; or 2009, when Mr Obama corralled the banks and bailed out Detroit, America today is not in crisis. Mr Trump’s meddling is thus likely to be the new normal. Worse, his penchant for unpredictable and often vindictive bullying is likely to be more corrosive than the handouts most politicians favour.
      AB121016EC
    4. The role of lobbyists will grow—an irony given that Mr Trump promised to drain the Washington swamp of special interests.
      AB121016EC
    5. Such tariffs would be hugely disruptive. They would make goods more expensive for American consumers. By preventing American firms from maximising their efficiency using complex supply chains, they would reduce their competitiveness, deter new investment and, eventually, hurt workers’ wages across the economy. They would also encourage a tit-for-tat response.
      AB121016EC
    6. American capitalism has flourished thanks to the predictable application of rules. If, at the margin, that rules-based system is superseded by an ad hoc approach in which businessmen must take heed and pay homage to the whim of King Donald, the long-term damage to America’s economy will be grave.
      AB121016EC
    nymag.com nymag.com
    One Tumblr User Sent Her Pinky Toe to Another Tumblr User Because That’s Tumblr
    1
    1. “We’re happy to see how these two have connected over their shared passion.”

      PR response of the year!

      BF112816
    nymag.com nymag.com
    Maybe the Internet Isn’t a Fantastic Tool for Democracy After All
    1
    1. a new set of ways to report and share news could arise: a social network where the sources of articles were highlighted rather than the users sharing them. A platform that makes it easier to read a full story than to share one unread. A news feed that provides alternative sources and analysis beneath every shared article.

      This sounds like the kind of platforms I'd like to have. Reminiscent of some of the discussion at the beginning of TWIG: 379 Ixnay on the Eet-tway.

      fake news civility internet communications democracy
    blog.longreads.com blog.longreads.com
    Hidebound: The Grisly Invention of Parchment
    1
    1. never get involved in a land war in Asia

      Also a great quote from "The Princess Bride"!

  9. Nov 2016
  10. hypothes.is hypothes.is
    Annotation Summit at the New York Times – Hypothesis
    1
    1. The New York Times

      I'm wondering if the NY Times used the summit to figure out how to prevent annotating at all? Somehow I'm not able to reasonably use either Hypothes.is or Genius with it in multiple browsers.

      In particular I just can't highlight anything on the page, and attempts usually end up moving me to a new article. Blech!

      annotations hypothes.is New York Times
    trackchanges.postlight.com trackchanges.postlight.com
    WordPress Without Shame – Track Changes
    2
    1.  they actually use Medium for their core publication

      This is definitely not an IndieWeb way to go!

      tc1019gt
    2. But not every nail needs a fully-custom hammer.

      Ain't this the truth.

      tc1019gt
    pressthink.org pressthink.org
    PressThink - PressThink, a project of the Arthur L. Carter Journalism Institute at New York University, is written by Jay Rosen.
    4
    1. “What’s unusual about Trump is he’s a leading candidate and he seems to have no interest in getting important things factually correct.”
      PTMissBigger
    2. Its open distortion of reality is both its greatest strength and greatest weakness.

      The question is: how can we exploit the weaknesses to make the problem apparent to those who are too easily willing to believe?

      PTMissBigger
    3. He compares what Trump did to totalitarian propaganda, which does not attempt to depict the world but rather substitutes for it a ruthlessly coherent counter-narrative that is untroubled by any contradiction between itself and people’s experience.

      Here I wonder if it's possibly the case that in an ever sub-specializing world that people have somehow lost the time, effort, or even inclination to attempt to put all of the facts together themselves to create a cohesive whole. Instead they rely on others to manufacture these stories on their behalf and thereby make it easier for such totalitarian propaganda to insert itself.

      Perhaps the working man isn't spending time reading the paper anymore, and/or it's certainly easier to read third and fourth party stories on Twitter, Facebook, or listen to infotainment on Fox News, MSNBC, or CNN. Why try to follow more direct sources when we can read Facebook and worry about who's going to win this season of The Voice or The Bachelor?

      PTMissBigger
    4. Yesterday I read something by a philosopher, Jason Stanley, that illuminated what I mean by “a miss bigger than a missed story.” Beyond Lying: Donald Trump’s Authoritarian Reality. Stanley made the point that fact checking Trump in a way missed the point. Trump was not trying to make reference to reality in what he said to win votes. He was trying to substitute “his” reality for the one depicted in news reports.

      Similar to the emperor with no clothes. Reality may be what you can manage to get others to believe.

      The other thing at work is his clever (?) use of doubletalk. See also: http://boffosocko.com/2016/09/30/complexity-isnt-a-vice-10-word-answers-and-doubletalk-in-election-2016/

      PTMissBigger
  11. Oct 2016
  12. ihadtendollars.com ihadtendollars.com
    I Had Ten Dollars / Greg Leppert - Reading.am
    1
    1. why encourage posting before you’ve even read the thing? Because, at least my hope is, it’ll prevent posting a link from becoming an endorsement for the content at the other end of that link. There’s a natural tendency to curate what we associate with our online profiles and I think that’s, in large part, because we’ve spent a lot of time equating a user’s profile page with a user’s identity and, consequently, their beliefs. But I consume a wealth of content that I don’t necessarily agree with, and that helps to inform me, to shape my opinions, as much as the content that I agree with wholeheartedly.
      reading curation identity
  13. Aug 2016
  14. boffosocko.com boffosocko.com
    Chris Aldrich on the IndieWeb
    1
    1. I try to follow the tenets of the Indie Web movement in owning all of my own data and in publishing on my own site and syndicating elsewhere (POSSE

      Compare this with the fragmention: http://boffosocko.com/about/website-philosophy-structure/#I+try+to+follow

      annotations fragmentions
    hypothes.is hypothes.is
    Direct Linking – Hypothesis
    1
    1. www.dougengelbart.org/site/colloquium/forum/ohs-lc/msg00001.html

      This is the portion in green, but the difference is almost too subtle. The CSS could make this more obvious...

    www.stephenfry.com www.stephenfry.com
    Off the grid - Official site of Stephen Fry
    3
    1. I want no part of such elec-trickery.
      quote
    2. It is not about the numbers. It is never about the numbers. Don’t let them tell you otherwise.
      popularity
    3. But first, what would motivate any young person today to pull the plug? Well maybe they should consider this for a moment. Who most wants you to stay on the grid? The advertisers. Your boss. Human Resources. The advertisers. Your parents (irony of ironies – once they distrusted it, now they need to tag you electronically, share your Facebook photos and message you to death). The advertisers. The government. Your local authority. Your school. Advertisers.

      Going of the grid hurts "The man" in 70's parlance.

      indieweb
  15. Jun 2016
  16. www.technologyreview.com www.technologyreview.com
    How the new science of computational history is changing the study of the past
    3
    1. Ref: arxiv.org/abs/1606.03433 : Calculating the Middle Ages? The Project “Complexities and Networks in the Medieval Mediterranean and the Near East”
      history complexity
    2. While the complexity that arises from network theory in many areas of science has been studied for decades, there has been almost no such research in the field of history.
      complexity history
    3. “On average across all five polities, a change of ruler in one year increased the probability for another change in the following year threefold,” says Preiser-Kapeller. So the closer you are to an upheaval, the more likely there is to be another one soon. Or in other words, upheavals tend to cluster together.
      complexity history
    medium.com medium.com
    MIT Physicist Jeremy England has Discovered the Fundamental Force of Evolution — Medium
    1
    1. Structures naturally re-arrange themselves to increase their metabolic rate.

      Does this agree with optimization of metabolic rates in other areas? Consider D'Arcy Wentworth Thompson...

      #EnglandQM
    www.quantamagazine.org www.quantamagazine.org
    A New Physics Theory of Life | Quanta Magazine
    14
    1. From the standpoint of physics, there is one essential difference between living things and inanimate clumps of carbon atoms: The former tend to be much better at capturing energy from their environment and dissipating that energy as heat.
      #EnglandQM
    2. Chris Jarzynski, now at the University of Maryland, and Gavin Crooks, now at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. Jarzynski and Crooks showed that the entropy produced by a thermodynamic process, such as the cooling of a cup of coffee, corresponds to a simple ratio: the probability that the atoms will undergo that process divided by their probability of undergoing the reverse process (that is, spontaneously interacting in such a way that the coffee warms up). As entropy production increases, so does this ratio: A system’s behavior becomes more and more “irreversible.”
      #EnglandQM
    3. in a paper appearing online this week in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Michael Brenner, a professor of applied mathematics and physics at Harvard, and his collaborators present theoretical models and simulations of microstructures that self-replicate.
      #EnglandQM
    4. the underlying principle driving the whole process is dissipation-driven adaptation of matter.
      #EnglandQM
    5. In a September paper in the Journal of Chemical Physics, he reported the theoretical minimum amount of dissipation that can occur during the self-replication of RNA molecules and bacterial cells, and showed that it is very close to the actual amounts these systems dissipate when replicating.
      #EnglandQM
    6. Ilya Prigogine, “Introduction to Thermodynamics of Irreversible Processes”, John Wiley Sons Inc., 1968
      #EnglandQM
    7. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0895717794901880
      #EnglandQM
    8. http://arxiv.org/pdf/1412.1875v1.pdf
      #EnglandQM
    9. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=e91D5UAz-f4
      #EnglandQM
    10. “Thermodynamic Dissipation Theory for the Origin of Life” (arXiv:0907.0042[physics.gen-ph]2009; Earth Syst. Dynam., 2, 37-51, 2011)
      #EnglandQM
    11. Brooks and Wiley, Evolution as Entropy, U Chicago Press (1986, 2nd edition 1988)

      Get a copy to read through.

      #EnglandQM
    12. 2009, K. Michaelian, arXiv:0907.0042 [physics.gen-ph] http://arxiv.org/abs/0907.0042 and again in 2011, K. Michaelian Earth Syst. Dynam., 2, 37-51, 2011 www.earth-syst-dynam.net/2/37/2011/doi:10.5194/esd-2-37-2011
      #EnglandQM
    13. If England’s approach stands up to more testing, it could further liberate biologists from seeking a Darwinian explanation for every adaptation and allow them to think more generally in terms of dissipation-driven organization. They might find, for example, that “the reason that an organism shows characteristic X rather than Y may not be because X is more fit than Y, but because physical constraints make it easier for X to evolve than for Y to evolve,”
      #EnglandQM
    14. Philip Marcus of the University of California, Berkeley, and reported in Physical Review Letters
      #EnglandQM
  17. May 2016
  18. fermatslibrary.com fermatslibrary.com
    Fermat's Library | Quantum Shannon Theory annotated/explained version.
    1
    nautil.us nautil.us
    Why Physics Is Not a Discipline - Issue 35: Boundaries - Nautilus
    2
    1. “DNA as Information” Theme issue compiled and edited by Cartwright, J.H.E., Giannerini, S., & Gonzalez, D.L. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A 374 (2016).

      Dig this up and read it

      #itbio
    2. Criticality may be everywhere.

      This seems very similar to S. Kauffman's thesis in At Home in the Universe.

      #itbio
  19. Apr 2016
  20. medium.com medium.com
    “The Art of Computer Programming” by Donald Knuth — Medium
    1
    www.quantamagazine.org www.quantamagazine.org
    Physicists Hunt for the Big Bang’s Triangles | Quanta Magazine
    1
    1. The notion that counting more shapes in the sky will reveal more details of the Big Bang is implied in a central principle of quantum physics known as “unitarity.” Unitarity dictates that the probabilities of all possible quantum states of the universe must add up to one, now and forever; thus, information, which is stored in quantum states, can never be lost — only scrambled. This means that all information about the birth of the cosmos remains encoded in its present state, and the more precisely cosmologists know the latter, the more they can learn about the former.
      information theory physics quantum mechanics
    www.universityaffairs.ca www.universityaffairs.ca
    Some academics remain skeptical of Academia.edu | University Affairs
    4
    1. McGill’s Dr. Sterne calls it “the gamification of research,”

      Most research is too expensive to really gamify. Many researchers are publishing to either get or keep their jobs. The institutionalization of "publish or perish" if anything has already accomplished the "gamification", Academia.edu is just helping to increase the reach of the publication. Given that research shows that most published research isn't even read, much less cited, how bad can Academia.edu really be?

      academia social media
    2. “I don’t trust academia.edu,”

      Given his following discussion, I can only imagine what he thinks of big publishers in academia and that debate.

      academia social media
    3. the platform essentially bans access for academics who, for whatever reason, don’t have an Academia.edu account. It also shuts out non-academics.

      They must have changed this, as pretty much anyone with an email address (including non-academics) can create a free account and use the system.

      academia social media
    4. 35 million academics, independent scholars and graduate students as users, who collectively have uploaded some eight million texts

      35 million users is a lovely number, but their engagement must be spectacularly bad if only 8 million texts are available.

      academia social media
    hypothes.is hypothes.is
    Preventing abuse – Hypothesis
    1
    1. appreciate your help

      I think that a major part of improving the issue of abuse and providing consent is building in notifications so that website owners will at least be aware that their site is being marked up, highlighted, annotated, and commented on in other locations or by other platforms. Then the site owner at least has the knowledge of what's happening and can then be potentially provided with information and tools to allow/disallow such interactions, particularly if they can block individual bad actors, but still support positive additions, thought, and communication. Ideally this blocking wouldn't occur site wide, which many may be tempted to do now as a knee-jerk reaction to recent events, but would be fine grained enough to filter out the worst offenders.

      Toward the end of notifications to site owners, it would be great if any annotating activity would trigger trackbacks, pingbacks, or the relatively newer and better webmention protocol of the WW3C out of the http://IndieWebCamp.com movement. Then site owners would at least have notifications about what is happening on their site that might otherwise be invisible to them.

      Perhaps there's a way to further implement filters or tools (a la Akismet on platforms like WordPress) that allow site users to mark materials as spam, abusive, or other so that they are then potentially moved from "public" facing to "private" so that the original highlighter can still see their notes, but that the platform isn't allowing the person's own website to act as a platform to give reach to bad actors.

      Further some site owners might appreciate graded filters (G, PG, PG-13, R, X) so that users or even parents can filter what they're willing to see. Consider also annotations on narrative forms that might be posted as spoilers--how can these be guarded against? (Possibly with CSS and a spoiler tag?) Options can be built into the platform itself as well as allowing server-side options for truly hard cases.

      My coding skills are rustier than I wish they were, but I'm available to help/consult if needed.

      News Genius annotations spam webmentions IndieWeb hypothes.is
    jeremydean.org jeremydean.org
    An Annotated Domain of One’s Own
    1
    1. Jeremy DeanPosted on January 27, 2016January 28, 2016Categories Getting Started

      As a side-note (pun intended?), to help beautify your web presence a bit, you might notice that your photo doesn't show up in the author position in your 2016 theme on single posts. To fix this, you can (create and) use your WordPress.com username/password to create an account on their sister site Gravatar.com. Uploading your preferred photo on Gravatar and linking it to an email will help to automatically populate your photo in both your site and other wordpress sites across the web. To make it work on your site, just go to your user profile in your wordpress install and use the same email address in your user profile as your gravatar account and the system will port your picture across automatically. If necessary, you can use multiple photos and multiple linked email addresses in your gravatar account to vary your photos.

      An Annotated Domain of One's Own WordPress Gravatar
    boffosocko.com boffosocko.com
    Boffo Socko Now Supports Hypothes.is Annotations
    2
    1. If anyone is aware of people or groups working on the potential integration of the IndieWeb movement (webmentions) and web annotation/highlighting, please include them in the comments below–I’d really appreciate it.

      The IndieWebCamp.com site lists a small handful of people with Hypothes.is affiliations who had websites, but none of the seem to be active any longer. Perhaps we can track some of them down via twitter?

      indie hypothes.is annotations webmention
    2. Boffo Socko Now Supports Hypothes.is Annotations

      First!

      #hypothesis #annotations