420 Matching Annotations
  1. Jul 2024
  2. May 2024
    1. Whenever I say man/son, I intend this irrespective of gender, which is such a rudimentary concept for spiritual beings that we are temporarily incarnated, housed in these bodies of ours for a lifetime.

      Not sure if I should use trailmarks and listicle here or not? I will choose to use it.

      gendered syntax - I understand, but I also pointed out that the evolutionary nature of a language's syntax gives it unique gender characteristics. - I gave the example of my own mother tongue of Cantonese which is syntactically more gender neutral instead of English, which is patriarchal: - Cantonese (play the audio at the following links) - person - https://www.cantoneseclass101.com/cantonese-dictionary/ - man - https://www.cantoneseclass101.com/cantonese-dictionary/ - woman - https://www.cantoneseclass101.com/cantonese-dictionary/ - In the Cantonese language, the suffix (Yan) means person, - It is then modified by the respective female and male prefix - Noi (female) - Nam (male) - This gives us gender neutral syntax, as opposed to English where we have patriarchal gender syntax, where the suffix is male and the female is constructed as a secondary concatenation using the male syntactical suffix - male - FEmale - man - WOman - HUman - HUmanITY - men - WOmen - The English language gives syntactical primacy to the male gender, while a language such as Cantonese does not - What the psychological effects are, I'm not sure of. For within the Cantonese language, there is as much patriarchism as any other culture. It is not a particularly feminine culture. - And the gender neutrality does not even take into account of the more recent transgender category.

      to - Cantonese syntax - person - man - woman - https://hyp.is/3wgg0BQOEe-uRQ-kpQf8Eg/www.cantoneseclass101.com/cantonese-dictionary/ - With English, we have to read between the lines and project the author's salience landscape because it's not explicit in the syntax.

      PROBLEM - This page does not generate a unique URL for each of the onpage search results returned. - Can Indyweb create unique CID for this?

    1. This suggests that Africa has been dispensed from applying the DDF declaration, although the formal contours of this special dispensation remain very unclear.

      No exception. They actually agree with what Fides supplicans declared.

  3. Feb 2024
    1. https://web.archive.org/web/20240201113513/https://www.ft.com/content/29fd9b5c-2f35-41bf-9d4c-994db4e12998 Interesting trend: younger women and men are diverging on the progressive/conservative axis. Young men at times more conservative then older cohorts, or trending in that direction whereas older cohorts trend oppositely. Twtter thread by author mentions two possible explanations: rebalancing of power between women and men and young men feeling threatened by it (but then other men would feel threatened too right?) or that women and men live elsewhere on the internet getting a different algorithm-determined infodiet. - [ ] Fwd to E.

  4. Dec 2023
    1. https://werd.io/2023/doing-it-all

      Interesting to see what, in generations past, might have been a gendered (female) striving for "having it all" (entailing time with children, family and a career) has crossed over into the masculine space.

      Sounds like Ben's got some basic priorities set, which is really the only thing necessary. Beyond this, every parent, especially of new babies, in the W.E.I.R.D. culture is tired. By this measurement he's doing it "right". What is missing is an interpersonal culture around him of extended family and immediate community of daily interaction to help normalize his conditions. Missing this he's attempting to replace the lack of experience with this area by reaching out to his online community, which may provide a dramatically different and biased sample.

      Some of the "it takes a village" (to raise a child) still operates on many facets, but dramatically missing is the day-to-day direct care and help that many parents need.

      Our capitalistic culture has again, in this case of parenting in the W.E.I.R.D. world, managed to privatize the profits and socialize the losses. Here the losses in Ben's case are on his physical well-being (tiredness) and his mental state wondering if his case is "normal". A further loss is the erosion of his desire for a family unit and cohesion of community which the system is attempting to sever by playing on his desire to "have it all". Giving in to the pull of work at the expense of family only drives the system closer to collapse.

  5. Nov 2023
    1. militarized masculinities are sites where boundary lines are drawn – “one between good guys and bad guys and the other separating what we can look at from what we can’t”

      polarised identity formation

    2. “peacekeeping” over “peacemaking” in Afghanistan (the poll defined peacemaking as distinct from traditional peacekeeping because it involves combat).

      differing definitions of peace depends on gender based understandings

    3. white masculinity and perpetuated narratives of saving "brown women" in need of salvation.
    4. Female soldiers were depicted as tough but tender, exhibiting masculine qualities while helping others.

      females only good if masc, only used 'good' fem qualities for reputation

    5. combat activities would make Canada more respected and taken seriously by other countries.

      masc = serious IR

    6. believed that projecting warrior masculinity would enhance Canada's reputation internationally.


    7. "warrior creep," which refers to the spread of the warrior culture into non-combat roles and environments.

      affects culture

    8. The peacekeeping model emphasizes traits like impartiality, sensitivity, compassion, and empathy, which are sometimes seen as feminized and can lead to frustration among peacekeepers who feel they cannot prove their masculinity.

      combat (masc) vs peacekeeping (fem), gender dichotomy

    9. archetype obscures the violence and imperialism of war.

      helpful hero can obscure hidden real motives

    10. role of gender in legitimizing violence in the Global War on Terror.

      gender (save women etc) can used to justify military intervention and violence (seen an expression of desired masculinity).

    1. health impacts of violent conflict, bioterrorism, pandemics, and endemic diseases disproportionately affecting certain regions are all linked to health and security
    2. World Health Organization (WHO) and policymakers recognize the importance of health for international peace, stability, and human security.
    3. "responsibility to protect" (R2P).R2P suggests that states have a responsibility to intervene and protect civilians in other states if they are unable or unwilling to do so themselves.Some feminist scholars argue that the language of protection can reinforce gendered and racialized narratives.
    4. International Criminal Court
    5. providers of human security, and that NGOs and international organizations
    6. he United Nations Development Programme and the Commission on Human Security have played important roles in promoting and defining the concept of human security.
    1. political actors and dynamics, not vague forces of development, are the central factor producing and mitigating inequalities in representation

      quotas still places female inclusion and recruitment in the hands of already established political elites, is this really fair? and it doesnt always reflect societal and economic changes in the status of women.

    2. option to pursue positive action in candidate selection.

      choice not made which means that most parties wont

    3. ausal heterogeneity and the interaction of different factors.

      linked to taking a different approach to political science

    4. International norms and organizations play a role in promoting quotas for women.
    5. Quotas tend to emerge during periods of democratic innovation, as a way to establish the legitimacy of the new political system.
    6. quotas for women are often seen as an extension of guarantees given to other groups based on factors like language, religion, and race.
    7. Quotas can be seen as compatible with ideas of equality and fair access, and left-wing parties are generally more open to implementing them.
    8. Some see them as a way to achieve justice and promote women's interests, while others adopt them strategically to compete with rival parties or maintain control within their own party.

      gender inclusion and feminist ideas can be used strategically

    9. egrees of dependence between women elected through quotas and the parties and elected officials who make their election possible.
    10. Quotas can increase women's representation even without social and economic prerequisites. The adoption of quotas highlights the role of political elites in recruitment practices and the production and mitigation of inequalities in representation
    11. including the mobilization of women's groups and the calculations of political elites
  6. Oct 2023
    1. middle ground between identity and fluidity
    2. The text raises concerns about the feasibility and potential dangers of rejecting fixed identities altogether
    3. proliferation of identities rather than challenging fixed categories.
    4. inking may only be accessible to certain individuals who do not conform to societal norms, while others may need to pass as "normal" to support dependents
    5. may reinforce a romanticized version of queer identity, which can overlook the experiences of lesbians and women.
    6. focus on identity can be limiting and disconnected from broader social issues.

      issue with Butler is she focuses too much on identity and not enough on real issues

    7. ubversion that challenges traditional gender norms and promotes the mixing of multiple identities.

      mix and create new identities

    8. gender and sexual identity are not natural or fixed, but rather performative and constructed.
    9. f "queer" politics, which rejects fixed identities and embraces unpredictability.
    1. “All feminists are suffragists, but not all suffragists are feminists.

      we apply our own terminology that we have now to the past and this can often give us incorrect interpretations

    1. less than fully human

      who counts as a political subject

    2. human character

      questions of human nature- important part of politics to question it- political ideology.

    3. cluding those construc male" bodies from "male" bodies.

      gender is a social construction which could be constructed based on ideologies

  7. Sep 2023
  8. Aug 2023
    1. Timmy Broderick in Evidence Undermines ‘Rapid Onset Gender Dysphoria’ Claims In Scientific American at 2023-08-24 (accessed:: 2023-08-25 09:26:00)

    2. The researchers did observe a change in their referral population in recent years, however. More kids assigned female at birth have been transitioning in recent years than those assigned male at birth. Many studies have captured this difference—including the 2018 survey proposing ROGD—but experts are unsure of its cause.
    3. A recent analysis of 10 Canadian medical centers in the Journal of Pediatrics found that 98.3 percent of young people seeking gender-affirming care had realized more than a year prior that they may have been transgender.
    4. Almost 40 percent of transgender youth experience homelessness or housing instability, according to a 2022 report from the Trevor Project, a nonprofit that provides crisis support for young LGBTQ+ people.
    5. The participants in both the 2018 and the retracted 2023 studies were recruited from online communities that were explicitly critical about many aspects of gender-affirming care for transgender kids.
    6. As legislation targeting trans people has reached an all-time high in the U.S., ROGD’s alleged social contagion has been invoked by lawmakers in states such as Missouri, Utah and Arkansas to justify banning or restricting gender-affirming care for young people.
    1. his suggests that men tend to use one another’s sexual orientation as a rough proxy for their ability to contribute to aggressive male coalitions rather than valuing the orientation in itself.
      • for: overgeneralization, overgeneralization - gender, assumptions - gender
      • paraphrase
        • Subsequent studies revealed that
          • men’s social preferences centred more on these masculine attributes
          • than on sexual orientation specifically.
          • When presented with more direct evidence of warfare-relevant traits, such as physical strength, we found that
          • men cared less about one another’s sexual orientation per se.
          • Men actually preferred
            • a gay man who was strong, courageous, etc.,
            • over a straight man who was weak or fearful.
    1. I tracked down military reports about gender bias in simulator sickness, much of which dated back to the 1960s

      in the 1960s the US military had reports on gender bias wrt simulator sickness. (Such simulators would likely have been more of the physical (rotation, speeds etc.) than virtual (screens / vr))

    2. https://web.archive.org/web/20230809191748/http://www.zephoria.org/thoughts/archives/2023/08/06/still-trying-to-ignore-the-metaverse.html

      There are many reasons why Meta's Metaverse is a dud (Vgl https://zylstra.org/blog/2021/11/metaverse-reprise/ and https://www.zylstra.org/blog/2022/02/was-second-life-ahead-or-metaverse-nothing-really-new/ ) but boyd points to a whole other range of reasons: women and men respond entirely different to VR based on hormonal levels.

      Potential antilib [[Making a Metaverse That Matters by Wagner James Au]]

  9. Jun 2023
  10. May 2023
    1. II 115Went he forth to find at fall of night that haughty house, and heed wherever the Ring-Danes, outrevelled, to rest had gone. Found within it the atheling band asleep after feasting and fearless of sorrow, 120of human hardship. Unhallowed wight, grim and greedy, he grasped betimes, wrathful, reckless, from resting-places, thirty[1] of the thanes, and thence he rushed fain of his fell spoil, faring homeward, 125laden with slaughter, his lair to seek. Then at the dawning, as day was breaking, the might of Grendel to men was known; then after wassail was wail uplifted, loud moan in the morn. The mighty chief, 130atheling excellent, unblithe sat, labored in woe for the loss of his thanes, when once had been traced the trail of the fiend, spirit accurst: too cruel that sorrow, too long, too loathsome.[2] Not late the respite; 135with night returning, anew began ruthless murder; he recked no whit, firm in his guilt, of the feud and crime. They were easy to find who elsewhere sought in room remote their rest at night, 140bed in the bowers,[3] when that bale was shown, was seen in sooth, with surest token,— the hall-thane’s[4] hate. Such held themselves far and fast who the fiend outran! Thus ruled unrighteous and raged his fill 145one against all; until empty stood that lordly building, and long it bode so. Twelve years’ tide the trouble he bore, sovran of Scyldings, sorrows in plenty, boundless cares. There came unhidden 150tidings true to the tribes of men, in sorrowful songs,[5] how ceaselessly Grendel harassed Hrothgar, what hate he bore him, what murder and massacre, many a year, feud unfading,—refused consent 155to deal with any of Daneland’s earls, make pact of peace, or compound for gold: still less did the wise men ween to get great fee for the feud from his fiendish hands.[6] But the evil one ambushed old and young, 160death-shadow dark, and dogged them still, lured, and lurked in the livelong night of misty moorlands: men may say not where the haunts of these Hell-Runes[7] be. Such heaping of horrors the hater of men, 165lonely roamer, wrought unceasing, harassings heavy. O’er Heorot he lorded, gold-bright hall, in gloomy nights; and ne’er could the prince[8] approach his throne, —’twas judgment of God,—or have joy in his hall. 170Sore was the sorrow to Scyldings’-friend, heart-rending misery. Many nobles sat assembled, and searched out counsel how it were best for bold-hearted men against harassing terror to try their hand. 175Whiles they vowed in their heathen fanes altar-offerings, asked with words[9] that the slayer-of-souls[10] would succor give them for the pain of their people. Their practice this, their heathen hope; ’twas Hell they thought of 180in mood of their mind. Almighty they knew not, Doomsman of Deeds[11] and dreadful Lord, nor Heaven’s-Helmet heeded they ever, Wielder-of-Wonder.—Woe for that man who in harm and hatred hales his soul 185to fiery embraces;—nor favor nor change awaits he ever. But well for him that after death-day may draw to his Lord, and friendship find in the Father’s arms!

      CC Licensing: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0)

      Title: Gender Roles and Heroic Constructs in Beowulf: Chapter II

      In chapter 2 the exploration of gender roles and the construction of the hero within the text continues.

      The opening lines reveal the aftermath of Grendel's ruthless attacks on the Ring-Danes. The phrase "that haughty house" refers to Heorot, the magnificent mead-hall. The contrast between the evil Grendel and the unsuspecting, slumbering atheling band, predominantly consisting of men, highlights the vulnerability of the male heroes in the face of a monstrous threat. This portrayal challenges traditional gender expectations, where men are typically depicted as protectors and warriors.

      As the poem progresses, it becomes evident that Grendel's reign of terror specifically targets male warriors, emphasizing the disruption of gender roles and the erosion of male heroism. The repetition of terms such as "than," "atheling," and "thanes" underscores the predominantly male victims of Grendel's attacks, while women remain largely absent from the narrative. This absence suggests a limited role for women in the heroic context of the poem, reinforcing traditional gender roles that associate heroism primarily with men.

      The linguistic value this chapter is shown through its descriptive language and imagery. The use of alliteration, rhythm, and vivid metaphors contributes to the poem's aesthetic appeal and oral performance. The repetition of sounds and words, such as "ruthless murder" and "lured and lurked," adds emphasis and evokes a sense of foreboding, heightening the emotional impact of the narrative.

      It's significant to also note that the translator/editor/scribe of the time had, at least partially, their opinion in the text. And the socio-cultural context on the representation of gender roles in the text. The dominance of a patriarchal mindset during the translation, gathering, and manipulation of the text might have influenced the portrayal of gender dynamics, potentially perpetuating or reinforcing gender biases prevalent at the time.

      Comparatively, analyzing the representation of gender roles in multiple versions of Beowulf would provide a deeper understanding of the variations and nuances present in different translations and editions. It is essential to examine the translator's choices, the cultural and historical context in which the translation was produced, and the potential influence of contemporary gender politics on the interpretation and presentation of the text. Gender roles can be a complicated and complex topic, especially when it is in context of older societies and we don't know their expectations and norms fully as we know our own.

      Note: This annotation is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) license. This means that others are free to share and adapt this work for non-commercial purposes as long as they attribute the original author and use the same CC license for their derivative works.

    1. A sample of 489 self-identified Australian gay men 18–72 years old participated in an online survey on masculinity and homosexuality. Descriptive statistics, bivariate correlations, and sequential multiple regressions were used to test the study’s aims. Sequential multiple regressions revealed that conformity to masculine norms and threats to masculinity contingency were stronger predictors of internalized homophobia over and above demographic and other factors.
    2. A sample of 489 self-identified Australian gay men 18–72 years old participated in an online survey on masculinity and homosexuality. Descriptive statistics, bivariate correlations, and sequential multiple regressions were used to test the study’s aims. Sequential multiple regressions revealed that conformity to masculine norms and threats to masculinity contingency were stronger predictors of internalized homophobia over and above demographic and other factors.
  11. Apr 2023
  12. books.google.com books.google.com
    1. Amidst a number of very gendered advertisements in issue 4 of volume 24 of LIFE magazine from 1948 is a short piece on the pending release of The Encyclopædia Britannica's Great Books of the Western World.

      The piece starts out talking about the 432 classical works written by 71 men and highlights the fact that "Woman, not a main idea, is included [with] in [the topical category] Family Man and Love." The piece goes on by way of example of the work to excerpt portions on Idea number 51: "Man". To show the flexibility of the included Syntopicon categorization they elaborate with 15 excerpted passages from authors from Plato to Freud on Idea 51, subdivision 6b: "Men and Women: their equality or inequality".

      It provides a fantastic mini-study on the emerging conversation on gender studies as seen in a mainstream magazine in 1948.

      Were there any follow up letters to the editor on this topic in subsequent issues? How was this broader piece received with respect to the idea of gender at the time?

  13. Mar 2023
    1. When they were inducted into the army, soldiers and junior officers had to swear elaborate oaths of loyalty tothe Great King, including a bringing down of curses on their heads if they were disloyal.

      Some of the oaths taken by Hatti warriors involved mutton fat and melted wax on one's hands. Another version indicated that the breaking of the oath would turn them into women, their troops into women, and their weapons destroyed and replaced with weaving sticks and mirrors.



    1. Police try to stop International Women's Day protests in Pakistan. Protesters persist Facebook Twitter Flipboard Email

      Pakistan woman's day 2023

    1. Also saves balf the time in filing correspondence , enabling one girlto do the work of two. This saving alone will quickly pay installationexpense.

      Example of sales touting productivity in a filing system.

      Note also the specific gendering of the clerk here in 1906.

  14. Feb 2023
    1. Hesiod’s depictionof humans in the myth of Prometheus and Pandora. We consider theimplications of this myth for the Greek view of society and particularly of

      women and gender roles.

      If my perception of mythology and orality is correct, can we look at Indigenous stories, myth, and knowledge and draw parallels from their knowledge about women and gender to similar stories in the Western canon which have lost linkage to their narratives? What would this show us potentially about Western mythology and gender studies?

    1. "Physics, engineering and computer science fields are differentially attracting and retaining lower-achieving males, resulting in women being underrepresented in these majors but having higher demonstrated STEM competence and academic achievement," said Joseph R. Cimpian, lead researcher and associate professor of economics and education policy at NYU Steinhardt.

      This is specific to USA. I wonder if anyone has compared performance in Canada, especially in engineering. The difference in the approaches to accreditation suggest to me that this may not be as much a problem. That is, since getting a license is harder in the US, then it may be that many students study engineering but then don't go into engineering. I'd like to see the numbers for just engineering. I'd like to see corresponding numbers for Canadian engineering. And I'd also like to know the numbers for the subset of students that then actually go on to a career in engineering. I wonder if the effect will still be present, and what the Canadian numbers would show.

  15. Jan 2023
  16. discovery.ucl.ac.uk discovery.ucl.ac.uk
    1. For example, someone who is the main wage earner ina household may feel a failure because of their belief that they should always be able to provide fortheir family. In contrast, according to the femininity script, someone who aspires to a happy familylife more than a happy work life may lose their job but still find fulfillment in the home.

      It is true that males derive more satisfaction from their success at work and females from their success at building family.

    2. As hypothesized, men scored significantly higher onthe overall male script than women. However, there was almost no difference between men andwomen’s scores on the overall female script.

      Men have more gender pressure than women. It can be argued that men have more social pressure in general.

    1. Male inequality, explained by an expert, Richard Reeves, Big Think

      Jan 4, 2023

      Modern males are struggling. Author Richard Reeves outlines the three major issues boys and men face and shares possible solutions.

      Boys and men are falling behind. This might seem surprising to some people, and maybe ridiculous to others, considering that discussions on gender disparities tend to focus on the structural challenges faced by girls and women, not boys and men.

      But long-term data reveal a clear and alarming trend: In recent decades, American men have been faring increasingly worse in many areas of life, including education, workforce participation, skill acquisition, wages, and fatherhood.

      Gender politics is often framed as a zero-sum game: Any effort to help men takes away from women. But in his 2022 book Of Boys and Men, journalist and Brookings Institution scholar Richard V. Reeves argues that the structural problems contributing to male malaise affect everybody, and that shying away from these tough conversations is not a productive path forward.

      About Richard Reeves: Richard V. Reeves is a senior fellow at the Brookings Institution, where he directs the Future of the Middle Class Initiative and co-directs the Center on Children and Families. His Brookings research focuses on the middle class, inequality and social mobility.

  17. Dec 2022
  18. www.janeausten.pludhlab.org www.janeausten.pludhlab.org
    1. ut for her acquaintance with the Martins of Abbey-Mill Farm, it must have been the whole. But the Martins occupied her thoughts a good deal; she had spent two very happy months with them, and now loved to talk of the pleasures of her visit, and describe the many comforts and wonders of the place

      Ah, the seduction of the nuclear family! What parallels are there between Fanny in MP and Harriet I wonder? Additionally, Emma and Harriet are perhaps more similar than Emma realizes as both women choose marital partners with the concern of familial acquisition or preservation in the end.

    2. exactly the something which her home required.

      Like a shiny kettle! I'm more and more curious about the way Emma- however consciously- objectifies Harriet throughout the novel through the lens of both class and internalized misogyny. What Emma most valued in Harriet (at least initially) is her beauty and her mailability. Freud would probably have something to say about penis envy here honestly as the way Emma superimposes herself into Harriet's life as her keeper echoes the way Mr. Knightley administers unsolicited guidance to Emma on the basis of age and- more significantly- gender.

  19. www.janeausten.pludhlab.org www.janeausten.pludhlab.org
    1. He had made his fortune, bought his house, and obtained his wife; and was beginning a new period of existence, with every probability of greater happiness than in any yet passed through.

      Is the fact that Frank Churchill, the product of Mr. Weston's first marriage, is the effective villain a critique of imprudent marriage? Or more specifically a union that disrupts an existing family structure? By them marrying, the late Miss Churchill and Mr. Weston created a rift with her family and their son Frank Churchill will later reveal himself in this novel to be duplicitous and inattentive to familial responsibility and honor. Lends a sort of "live by the sword, die by the sword" note to a potential cause for Frank's behavior. He is also the foil to the stable patriarch Mr. Knightley presents in that sense. In some ways, Emma chooses family above all else by marrying Mr. Knightley. Especially as it is also understood that- realistically- her sole friend will be largely unavailable to her at the end of the novel when neither of them are single women any longer- and due to class separation now that Emma has admitted Harriet is not a secret lady of nobility. What also does it mean that Emma so struggles with what could be equitable relationships- moreso with Jane Fairfax who she envies- but is more comfortable in the patriarchal oversight of Knightley?

  20. Oct 2022
    1. whether he knows it or not, the intellec-tual workman forms his own self as he works towards theperfection of his craft.

      Here Mills seems to be defining (in 1952) an "intellectual workman" as an academic, but he doesn't go as broad as a more modern "knowledge worker" (2022) which includes those who broadly do thinking in industry as well as in academia. His older phrase also has a more gendered flavor to it that knowledge worker doesn't have now.

  21. Sep 2022
    1. a few years later our founding fathers wrote another document they started this one with words we the people of the United States this of course is the preamble to the Constitution

      Inequity in the U.S. Constitution

      The speaker goes on to describe the inherent inequities in the U.S. Constitution, which also says "we the people". Notably, the lack of rights for women (pointing out "51 gender specific male pronouns"), no mention of natives, and counting Africans as three-fifths.

  22. Aug 2022
    1. She introduces a phenomenon she calls the "double bind for men" (232). Her explanation makes use of the more documented female double bind which is created by sexual object/prey stereotypes of women, and reduces women to choosing between being considered either a "virgin" or a "whore." In Serano's male double bind, the options are between "nice guy" and "asshole."
    1. Williams' model helps us see how racial marking becomes desirable to white geeks: if suffering equals virtue and moral superiority, then the virtue of a marked identity type (black, female, gay, disabled) can be reduced to how much one suffers for it. Here is also the key to why our analysis reads geeks primarily as straight white men. The anxieties of the straight white male geek's identity are transformed into the authenticating devices that paradoxically make him a moral hero in a postmodern world in which an unmarked and untroubled straight white male hero would normally be out of place.
  23. Jul 2022
    1. What were (or still are) the relative attitudes towards issues related to gender at our respective institutions? What did the students at our respective institutions think about the gender issues of their day? We take particular focus on trans, queer, and women’s issues where they arise.

      Viewing group 2's project pitch, I believe that this group and my group (group 1) share a similar research question with some distinct variations. In group 1, we plan to go through the digital collections as well as publications from institutions that our members attend to find out about the students' attitude towards women during different gender discrimination eras. Meanwhile, this group covers a broader range of research in the study of genders. I am impressed with the meticulous explanation of the timeline that this group narrows down and also with the media that the group bases on for their sources of research. I hope that the research will be a success and I can learn new, interesting aspect of group 2's research to apply on my group's future research.

    1. I strongly suspect myself of thinking as the rest of the world think in this matter–except in the case of Rachel Verinder. The self-dependence in her character, was one of its virtues in my estimation;

      More of a positive tone towards Rachel's independence than Betteredge's; does not imply that Rachel should change to become more dependent. Still, both Bruff and Betteredge see Rachel's self-sufficiency as contradictory to her gender.

  24. May 2022
  25. Apr 2022
    1. It was a quiet plea to be left alone.

      Or was it a quiet plea that people can figure things out without hard rules and signs?

    2. Q also used the boys’ bathroom, which led to problems with other boys.

      What were the problems with the other boys?

    1. baseball

      For a long time, Austen's use of the word baseball in Northanger Abbey was cited as its first appearance in the English language. But as this episode from the podcast The Thing About Austen explains, this was a mistake. Co-hosts Zan Cammack (she/her) and Diane Neu (she/her) address past speculation regarding Austen's role in the invention of this word, while providing illuminating historical context about Regency sports (Did Austen's contemporaries play baseball?), gender (Was it socially acceptable for women to play cricket and baseball?), and the supposed "all-American" game (If it was common in Britain, when did baseball makes its way into American national identity?).!

  26. Mar 2022
    1. The study’s authors suggest that this discrepancy may emerge fromdifferences in boys’ and girls’ experience: boys are more likely to play withspatially oriented toys and video games, they note, and may become morecomfortable making spatial gestures as a result. Another study, this oneconducted with four-year-olds, reported that children who were encouraged togesture got better at rotating mental objects, another task that draws heavily onspatial-thinking skills. Girls in this experiment were especially likely to benefitfrom being prompted to gesture.

      The gender-based disparity of spatial thinking skills between boys and girls may result from the fact that at an early age boys are more likely to play with spatially oriented toys and video games. Encouraging girls to do more spatial gesturing at an earlier age can dramatically close this spatial thinking gap.

    1. Results showed that men prefer working with things and women prefer working with people, producing a large effect size (d = 0.93) on the Things-People dimension.
  27. Feb 2022
    1. F. Perry Wilson, MD MSCE. (2022, February 4). If you, like me, are “skipping ahead” during the ACIP meeting re: Moderna vaccine—This slide really drives home the benefit / risk paradigm among the group at highest risk of myocarditis (men 18-35). 2 million shots = 1903 avoided hospitalizations, and 68 myocarditis cases. Https://t.co/3nzWXGXyD1 [Tweet]. @fperrywilson. https://twitter.com/fperrywilson/status/1489649379979972609

    1. Ministry of Gender Equality and Child Welfare.
    2. most prominent within the sphere of the family household.

      Even though customary law may not enforce these practices, they persist nonetheless

  28. Dec 2021
  29. Nov 2021
  30. Oct 2021
    1. Part of the reason "race" & "gender" as identities make people so angry (aside from those people being comemierdas) is that they're used as immutable characteristics visible from the outside -b/c the State really, really wants them to be- while they are, scientifically, not.
  31. Sep 2021
  32. Aug 2021
    1. Queer theory scholars have developed theories which suggest that gender is fluid, flexible and subject to change.

      My assumptions of understanding gender is one of the reason why I took this subject. I am aware of my low level of knowledge and awareness in this area. I felt after the first weeks reading and this sentence it awakened a change in the way I view gender. As I have always viewed gender as Male or Female.

      Anyone have similar or different reflections?

    1. With an increase from 8% in 2011 to 11.2% as of September 30, 2020, thyssenkrupp achieved a significant improvement in this area, even though the target of 15% was not achieved.

      Manual - Gender Equality

  33. Jul 2021
    1. I am alone in the castle with those awful women. Faugh! Mina is a woman, and there is nought in common.

      These women are separate from their gender and different creatures from Mina.

    2. that they did dare much for her sake.

      The whole endeavor to kill Dracula is framed to save Mina, not England, and not the world.

    3. One of the saddles has a movable horn, and can be easily adapted for Mina, if required.
    4. “This is what I can give into the hotch-pot.” I could not but note the quaint legal phrase which she used in such a place, and with all seriousness.

      Using a professional legal term.

    5. It

      Also done in the Gazette, the child is genderless.

    6. It was the doubt as to the reality of the whole thing that knocked me over. I felt impotent, and in the dark, and distrustful. But, now that I know, I am not afraid, even of the Count.

      This affirms his sanity and his intelligence, therefore his manhood.

    7. I could not resist the temptation of mystifying him a bit

      She is not putting up with the sexism.

    8. Ah, then you have good memory for facts, for details? It is not always so with young ladies.” “No, doctor, but I wrote it all down at the time. I can show it to you if you like.”

      Mina admits here that she falls short of male expectations, a fraught memory, but she makes up for it by recording her days, a male activity.

    9. rthur was saying that he felt since then as if they two had been really married and that she was his wife in the sight of God. None of us said a word of the other operations, and none of us ever shall.

      This would make all 4 men wed to Lucy, although since Arthur was first his would be the most respected. The others would be illegal and immoral. However, even without the legalities of marriage they are all bound to Lucy.

    10. Kiss me

      Seducing him like the women did to Jonathan. We've never seen this side of Lucy before her transformation.

    11. His very heart was bleeding, and it took all the manhood of him—and there was a royal lot of it, too—to keep him from breaking down

      Seward has already broken down crying.

    12. You are a man, and it is a man we want

      Even though Lucy is a woman and therefore a woman's blood would be best for her health they think that a man's blood will offer her more strength.

    13. You were only student then; now you are master,

      Similar relationship as Lucy and Mina, student and teacher, except Lucy and Mina wouldn't be expected to become academics. They leave school to do household and other womanly duties.

    14. Mina Harker

      Name has changed to Jonathan's, they are now one and bonded.

    15. Some of the “New Women” writers will some day start an idea that men and women should be allowed to see each other asleep before proposing or accepting. But I suppose the New Woman won’t condescend in future to accept; she will do the proposing herself. And a nice job she will make of it, too!

      Mina knows that women's roles are changing. Though she is progressive for the time she does so safely, these women go even further and are judged.

    16. It was better to die like a man; to die like a sailor in blue water no man can object. But I am captain, and I must not leave my ship.

      Here the captain faces conflicting values. His job requires him to go down with his ship but his manhood asks that he not die by a hand like Dracula's.

    17. Monster, give me my child!

      How a woman is expected to act, to dare to fight Dracula himself to protect her child

    18. there was a gasp and a low wail, as of a half-smothered child

      Since women are supposed to have a motherly instinct this shows that these spectres are no longer women and no longer human.

    19. just touching and pausing there.

      Whole experience is very sensuous in a way encounters with Dracula can not be for Jonathan and in a way other women of this novel are not described.

    20. Your girls that you all love are mine already; and through them you and others shall yet be mine—my creatures, to do my bidding and to be my jackals when I want to feed.
    21. She has man’s brain—a brain that a man should have were he much gifted—and a woman’s heart.
    22. We women have something of the mother in us that makes us rise above smaller matters when the mother-spirit is invoked

      Which is what makes Lucy attack of children so repulsive and clearly against her nature.

    23. I suppose there is something in woman’s nature that makes a man free to break down before her and express his feelings on the tender or emotional side without feeling it derogatory to his manhood
    24. sweet-faced, dainty-looking girl

      Woman. She's likely older than Lucy after all.

    25. The sweetness was turned to adamantine, heartless cruelty, and the purity to voluptuous wantonness

      She has gone from innocent object of affection to sexual temptress

    26. just as a woman does. I tried to be stern with him, as one is to a woman under the circumstances; but it had no effect. Men and women are so different in manifestations of nervous strength or weakness!
    27. Once again we went through that ghastly operation.

      Now all 4 men have transferred blood to Lucy.

    28. A brave man’s blood is the best thing on this earth when a woman is in trouble
    29. Have not heard from Seward for three days, and am terribly anxious. Cannot leave. Father still in same condition. Send me word how Lucy is. Do not delay.—Holmwood.

      The bond of these men takes precedence over their love for Lucy. Male relationships were very important during this time and thought to be the strongest bond.

    30. you can’t trust wolves no more nor women

      Both used by Dracula

    31. She charm me, and for her, if not for you or disease, I come.

      Lucy's ability to charm men is responsible for the interest they take in her case. Seward, Arthur, and Morris are all dedicated to protecting her due to their love and even Van Helsing remains dedicated.

  34. Jun 2021
    1. lady journalists
    2. I want to keep up with Jonathan’s studies, and I have been practising shorthand very assiduously.

      She wishes to be equal in both work and intelligence to her future husband.

    3. been simply overwhelmed with work. The life of an assistant schoolmistress

      A modern woman who works but in a still female-dominated profession and where society expects her to be.

    4. This man belongs to me

      Very homoerotic.

    5. Mem., get recipe for Mina.

      Bring cultures and ideas from East to West. Also expectation for Mina to cook though Jonathan has experience with the dish.

  35. May 2021
    1. He had never before seen or imagined a woman of the Party with cosmetics on her face. The improvement in her appearance was startling. With just a few dabs of colour in the right places she had become not only very much prettier, but, above all, far more feminine. Her short hair and boyish overalls merely added to the effect. As he took her in his arms a wave of synthetic violets flooded his nostrils. He remembered the half-darkness of a basement kitchen, and a woman's cavernous mouth. It was the very same scent that she had used; but at the moment it did not seem to matter. 'Scent too!' he said. 'Yes, dear, scent too. And do you know what I'm going to do next? I'm going to get hold of a real woman's frock from somewhere and wear it instead of these bloody trousers. I'll wear silk stockings and high-heeled shoes! In this room I'm going to be a woman, not a Party comrade.'

      defining what it is to be a woman? problematic, but interesting.

  36. Mar 2021
    1. Preliminary results from the first year are tantalizing for anyone interested in solutions to address rising inequality in the United States, especially as they manifest along racial and gender lines. Within the first year, the study’s participants obtained jobs at twice the rate of the control group. At the beginning of the study, 28 percent of the participants had full-time employment, and after the first year, that number rose to 40 percent.

      This is what happened when 125 participants were given $500/month over two years to see what would happen.