345 Matching Annotations
  1. Sep 2022
    1. a few years later our founding fathers wrote another document they started this one with words we the people of the United States this of course is the preamble to the Constitution

      Inequity in the U.S. Constitution

      The speaker goes on to describe the inherent inequities in the U.S. Constitution, which also says "we the people". Notably, the lack of rights for women (pointing out "51 gender specific male pronouns"), no mention of natives, and counting Africans as three-fifths.

  2. Aug 2022
    1. She introduces a phenomenon she calls the "double bind for men" (232). Her explanation makes use of the more documented female double bind which is created by sexual object/prey stereotypes of women, and reduces women to choosing between being considered either a "virgin" or a "whore." In Serano's male double bind, the options are between "nice guy" and "asshole."
    1. Williams' model helps us see how racial marking becomes desirable to white geeks: if suffering equals virtue and moral superiority, then the virtue of a marked identity type (black, female, gay, disabled) can be reduced to how much one suffers for it. Here is also the key to why our analysis reads geeks primarily as straight white men. The anxieties of the straight white male geek's identity are transformed into the authenticating devices that paradoxically make him a moral hero in a postmodern world in which an unmarked and untroubled straight white male hero would normally be out of place.
  3. Jul 2022
    1. What were (or still are) the relative attitudes towards issues related to gender at our respective institutions? What did the students at our respective institutions think about the gender issues of their day? We take particular focus on trans, queer, and women’s issues where they arise.

      Viewing group 2's project pitch, I believe that this group and my group (group 1) share a similar research question with some distinct variations. In group 1, we plan to go through the digital collections as well as publications from institutions that our members attend to find out about the students' attitude towards women during different gender discrimination eras. Meanwhile, this group covers a broader range of research in the study of genders. I am impressed with the meticulous explanation of the timeline that this group narrows down and also with the media that the group bases on for their sources of research. I hope that the research will be a success and I can learn new, interesting aspect of group 2's research to apply on my group's future research.

    1. I strongly suspect myself of thinking as the rest of the world think in this matter–except in the case of Rachel Verinder. The self-dependence in her character, was one of its virtues in my estimation;

      More of a positive tone towards Rachel's independence than Betteredge's; does not imply that Rachel should change to become more dependent. Still, both Bruff and Betteredge see Rachel's self-sufficiency as contradictory to her gender.

  4. May 2022
  5. Apr 2022
    1. It was a quiet plea to be left alone.

      Or was it a quiet plea that people can figure things out without hard rules and signs?

    2. Q also used the boys’ bathroom, which led to problems with other boys.

      What were the problems with the other boys?

    1. baseball

      For a long time, Austen's use of the word baseball in Northanger Abbey was cited as its first appearance in the English language. But as this episode from the podcast The Thing About Austen explains, this was a mistake. Co-hosts Zan Cammack (she/her) and Diane Neu (she/her) address past speculation regarding Austen's role in the invention of this word, while providing illuminating historical context about Regency sports (Did Austen's contemporaries play baseball?), gender (Was it socially acceptable for women to play cricket and baseball?), and the supposed "all-American" game (If it was common in Britain, when did baseball makes its way into American national identity?).!

  6. Mar 2022
    1. The study’s authors suggest that this discrepancy may emerge fromdifferences in boys’ and girls’ experience: boys are more likely to play withspatially oriented toys and video games, they note, and may become morecomfortable making spatial gestures as a result. Another study, this oneconducted with four-year-olds, reported that children who were encouraged togesture got better at rotating mental objects, another task that draws heavily onspatial-thinking skills. Girls in this experiment were especially likely to benefitfrom being prompted to gesture.

      The gender-based disparity of spatial thinking skills between boys and girls may result from the fact that at an early age boys are more likely to play with spatially oriented toys and video games. Encouraging girls to do more spatial gesturing at an earlier age can dramatically close this spatial thinking gap.

    1. Results showed that men prefer working with things and women prefer working with people, producing a large effect size (d = 0.93) on the Things-People dimension.
  7. Feb 2022
    1. F. Perry Wilson, MD MSCE. (2022, February 4). If you, like me, are “skipping ahead” during the ACIP meeting re: Moderna vaccine—This slide really drives home the benefit / risk paradigm among the group at highest risk of myocarditis (men 18-35). 2 million shots = 1903 avoided hospitalizations, and 68 myocarditis cases. Https://t.co/3nzWXGXyD1 [Tweet]. @fperrywilson. https://twitter.com/fperrywilson/status/1489649379979972609

    1. Ministry of Gender Equality and Child Welfare.
    2. most prominent within the sphere of the family household.

      Even though customary law may not enforce these practices, they persist nonetheless

  8. Dec 2021
  9. Nov 2021
  10. Oct 2021
    1. Part of the reason "race" & "gender" as identities make people so angry (aside from those people being comemierdas) is that they're used as immutable characteristics visible from the outside -b/c the State really, really wants them to be- while they are, scientifically, not.
  11. Sep 2021
  12. Aug 2021
    1. Queer theory scholars have developed theories which suggest that gender is fluid, flexible and subject to change.

      My assumptions of understanding gender is one of the reason why I took this subject. I am aware of my low level of knowledge and awareness in this area. I felt after the first weeks reading and this sentence it awakened a change in the way I view gender. As I have always viewed gender as Male or Female.

      Anyone have similar or different reflections?

    1. With an increase from 8% in 2011 to 11.2% as of September 30, 2020, thyssenkrupp achieved a significant improvement in this area, even though the target of 15% was not achieved.

      Manual - Gender Equality

  13. Jul 2021
    1. I am alone in the castle with those awful women. Faugh! Mina is a woman, and there is nought in common.

      These women are separate from their gender and different creatures from Mina.

    2. that they did dare much for her sake.

      The whole endeavor to kill Dracula is framed to save Mina, not England, and not the world.

    3. One of the saddles has a movable horn, and can be easily adapted for Mina, if required.
    4. “This is what I can give into the hotch-pot.” I could not but note the quaint legal phrase which she used in such a place, and with all seriousness.

      Using a professional legal term.

    5. It

      Also done in the Gazette, the child is genderless.

    6. It was the doubt as to the reality of the whole thing that knocked me over. I felt impotent, and in the dark, and distrustful. But, now that I know, I am not afraid, even of the Count.

      This affirms his sanity and his intelligence, therefore his manhood.

    7. I could not resist the temptation of mystifying him a bit

      She is not putting up with the sexism.

    8. Ah, then you have good memory for facts, for details? It is not always so with young ladies.” “No, doctor, but I wrote it all down at the time. I can show it to you if you like.”

      Mina admits here that she falls short of male expectations, a fraught memory, but she makes up for it by recording her days, a male activity.

    9. rthur was saying that he felt since then as if they two had been really married and that she was his wife in the sight of God. None of us said a word of the other operations, and none of us ever shall.

      This would make all 4 men wed to Lucy, although since Arthur was first his would be the most respected. The others would be illegal and immoral. However, even without the legalities of marriage they are all bound to Lucy.

    10. Kiss me

      Seducing him like the women did to Jonathan. We've never seen this side of Lucy before her transformation.

    11. His very heart was bleeding, and it took all the manhood of him—and there was a royal lot of it, too—to keep him from breaking down

      Seward has already broken down crying.

    12. You are a man, and it is a man we want

      Even though Lucy is a woman and therefore a woman's blood would be best for her health they think that a man's blood will offer her more strength.

    13. You were only student then; now you are master,

      Similar relationship as Lucy and Mina, student and teacher, except Lucy and Mina wouldn't be expected to become academics. They leave school to do household and other womanly duties.

    14. Mina Harker

      Name has changed to Jonathan's, they are now one and bonded.

    15. Some of the “New Women” writers will some day start an idea that men and women should be allowed to see each other asleep before proposing or accepting. But I suppose the New Woman won’t condescend in future to accept; she will do the proposing herself. And a nice job she will make of it, too!

      Mina knows that women's roles are changing. Though she is progressive for the time she does so safely, these women go even further and are judged.

    16. It was better to die like a man; to die like a sailor in blue water no man can object. But I am captain, and I must not leave my ship.

      Here the captain faces conflicting values. His job requires him to go down with his ship but his manhood asks that he not die by a hand like Dracula's.

    17. Monster, give me my child!

      How a woman is expected to act, to dare to fight Dracula himself to protect her child

    18. there was a gasp and a low wail, as of a half-smothered child

      Since women are supposed to have a motherly instinct this shows that these spectres are no longer women and no longer human.

    19. just touching and pausing there.

      Whole experience is very sensuous in a way encounters with Dracula can not be for Jonathan and in a way other women of this novel are not described.

    20. Your girls that you all love are mine already; and through them you and others shall yet be mine—my creatures, to do my bidding and to be my jackals when I want to feed.
    21. She has man’s brain—a brain that a man should have were he much gifted—and a woman’s heart.
    22. We women have something of the mother in us that makes us rise above smaller matters when the mother-spirit is invoked

      Which is what makes Lucy attack of children so repulsive and clearly against her nature.

    23. I suppose there is something in woman’s nature that makes a man free to break down before her and express his feelings on the tender or emotional side without feeling it derogatory to his manhood
    24. sweet-faced, dainty-looking girl

      Woman. She's likely older than Lucy after all.

    25. The sweetness was turned to adamantine, heartless cruelty, and the purity to voluptuous wantonness

      She has gone from innocent object of affection to sexual temptress

    26. just as a woman does. I tried to be stern with him, as one is to a woman under the circumstances; but it had no effect. Men and women are so different in manifestations of nervous strength or weakness!
    27. Once again we went through that ghastly operation.

      Now all 4 men have transferred blood to Lucy.

    28. A brave man’s blood is the best thing on this earth when a woman is in trouble
    29. Have not heard from Seward for three days, and am terribly anxious. Cannot leave. Father still in same condition. Send me word how Lucy is. Do not delay.—Holmwood.

      The bond of these men takes precedence over their love for Lucy. Male relationships were very important during this time and thought to be the strongest bond.

    30. you can’t trust wolves no more nor women

      Both used by Dracula

    31. She charm me, and for her, if not for you or disease, I come.

      Lucy's ability to charm men is responsible for the interest they take in her case. Seward, Arthur, and Morris are all dedicated to protecting her due to their love and even Van Helsing remains dedicated.

  14. Jun 2021
    1. lady journalists
    2. I want to keep up with Jonathan’s studies, and I have been practising shorthand very assiduously.

      She wishes to be equal in both work and intelligence to her future husband.

    3. been simply overwhelmed with work. The life of an assistant schoolmistress

      A modern woman who works but in a still female-dominated profession and where society expects her to be.

    4. This man belongs to me

      Very homoerotic.

    5. Mem., get recipe for Mina.

      Bring cultures and ideas from East to West. Also expectation for Mina to cook though Jonathan has experience with the dish.

  15. May 2021
    1. He had never before seen or imagined a woman of the Party with cosmetics on her face. The improvement in her appearance was startling. With just a few dabs of colour in the right places she had become not only very much prettier, but, above all, far more feminine. Her short hair and boyish overalls merely added to the effect. As he took her in his arms a wave of synthetic violets flooded his nostrils. He remembered the half-darkness of a basement kitchen, and a woman's cavernous mouth. It was the very same scent that she had used; but at the moment it did not seem to matter. 'Scent too!' he said. 'Yes, dear, scent too. And do you know what I'm going to do next? I'm going to get hold of a real woman's frock from somewhere and wear it instead of these bloody trousers. I'll wear silk stockings and high-heeled shoes! In this room I'm going to be a woman, not a Party comrade.'

      defining what it is to be a woman? problematic, but interesting.

  16. Mar 2021
    1. Preliminary results from the first year are tantalizing for anyone interested in solutions to address rising inequality in the United States, especially as they manifest along racial and gender lines. Within the first year, the study’s participants obtained jobs at twice the rate of the control group. At the beginning of the study, 28 percent of the participants had full-time employment, and after the first year, that number rose to 40 percent.

      This is what happened when 125 participants were given $500/month over two years to see what would happen.

  17. Feb 2021
    1. If the researches completed and proposed make a contribution, I shall be grateful; but I have also given full thought to possible practical applications. The socioeconomic demands of the present and the threatened socioeconomic demands of the future have led the American woman to displace, or threaten to displace, the American man in science and industry. If this process continues, the problem of proper child-rearing practices faces us with startling clarity. It is cheering in view of this trend to realize that the American male is physically endowed with all the really essential equipment to compete with the American female on equal terms in one essential activity: the rearing of infants. We now know that women in the working classes are not needed in the home because of their primary mammalian capabilities; and it is possible that in the foreseeable future neonatal nursing will not be regarded as a necessity, but as a luxury ---to use Veblen's term -- a form of conspicuous consumption limited perhaps to the upper classes. But whatever course history may take, it is comforting to know that we are now in contact with the nature of love.

      The entire last sentence seems to be foreshadow a future where men were capable of rearing children while women in the workforce would not work as they had to nurse their children. While nursing mothers still manage to juggle work and nursing, there are some compromises that need to be made. Men are certainly more involved in child-rearing, but women can be a part of the workforce while still providing. How this is related to what love is or how loving and rearing children is not explained as the entire study was used to deal with attachment and attachment disorders. Love is not only gauged on attachment, but is does seem to be the beginning of a broader idea of what love is and how it comes to be.

    1. When hiring managers believed a woman had children because “Parent-Teacher Association coordinator appeared on her resume, she was 79% less likely to be hired. If she was hired, she would be offered an average of $11,000 less in salary.

      I recall when learning how to do interviews once, the person who was helping me made a comment along the lines of -

      one of the things I look for is an engagement ring, as it's a sign that they are getting married soon - and want the job just to get mat leave

      I remember being rather shocked by that statement, and I didn't speak up about it at that time directly - although did push back against it a bit, but it's one of those memories that really stood out as 'wow, that is kind of messed up'

    2. Someone from another department incorrectly assumes that the man on your team is the leader. Gently correct the assumption and underscore your leader’s accomplishments. For example, “[Name] is our team lead. She heads all our biggest sales efforts.”

      I've seen this happen before - assuming that the male is the leader, or the one that had the idea - and can diminish the recognition of the right people.

      Correcting this on the spot can be done quickly

  18. Jan 2021
    1. gender identity that is neither entirely male nor entirely female

      Female and male are the names of the two sexes, not 'gender identities'.

      Gender' relies on demeaning, regressive stereotypical notions of societal roles for the two sexes,

    2. although exhibited at lower levels than some other species

      What on earth is this trying to say?

    3. A person has the protected characteristic of gender reassignment if the person is proposing to undergo, is undergoing or has undergone a process (or part of a process) for the purpose of reassigning the person's sex by changing physiological or other attributes of sex.

      Why bring this up? The question made no mention of 'gender reassignment'.

    1. men

      This is (I think) the first time the document uses "men" in a non-gender-specific way outside the context of a period quote. This pre-1960s default to "men" instead of "people" continues throughout. With "republicanism", this is the second major case of a repeated imprecise, ideologically motivated language refrain.

  19. Dec 2020
    1. I saw him and was astounded. 33I loved him as a woman, 34falling upon him in embrace. 35I took him and made him 36my brother.” 37The mother of Gilgamish she that knows all things 38[said unto Gilgamish:—] ................................... [213] COL. II 1that he may join with thee in endeavor.” 2(Thus) Gilgamish solves (his) dream. 3Enkidu sitting before the hierodule

      In the time period the translation, you can tell that they had just begun to create labels on relationships, people etc to understand what they were feeling or to just recognize different people. In the text chosen, there are many different area's in the highlighted portion and throughout the text, where Gilgamesh uses labels which created for a clear story. It is however conflicting because of the translators and them maybe having included different sections so that the story makes sense. Nonetheless, when he said that he loved him like he would a woman, that shows how the language at the time was advanced, closer to the current 21st century, enough to realize that Gilgamesh had romantic feelings for Enkidu. Also with the piece when the translators described him as sitting near the hierodule. The slave, prostitute (both) was able to be identified no matter of the gender. Looking back at the time, it is still demeaning when thinking in our 21st century mindset and what we consider normal. However looking back, it is interesting to see how advanced the ancient Iraq civilization operated. It is also amazing seeing where the women of this country came from as in today's world the women now being able to be involved with the government, they are making it a mission so Iraqi women know their rights (Calabrese, John, et al).

      CC BY-SA

      Calabrese, John, et al. “Constitutional and Legal Rights of Iraqi Women.” Middle East Institute, 8 Dec. 2020, mei.edu/publications/constitutional-and-legal-rights-iraqi-women.

    1. No tech team or web guy needed!There are no complicated steps or approvals from managers and your IT department when it comes to marketing your podcast.

      This seems painfully gendered. RadioPublic could do better.

    1. If known, have you used the pronouns the individual uses to describe themselves in your story?

      This is wrong. An individual doesn't use any pronouns to describe themselves: pronouns are what others use to refer to a third party, usually when they are not present. An individual may prefer, ask or demand others to use specific words to use when referring to them, but no one has any power to compel anyone - nor should they.

    2. If an individual is granted a full GRC they will, from the date of issue, be considered in the eyes of the law to be of their acquired gender.

      This is incorrect. The Gender Recognition Act gives a number of exceptions to the holder of a Gender Recognition Certificate being considered as of the 'acquired gender' as specified on her/his Gender Recognition Certificate.

      The Equality Act 2010 provides additional exemptions, eg the right to single-sex services.

    3. The Gender Recognition Act 2004 enables transgender people to apply to the Gender Recognition Panel

      This presumes a definition of 'transgender', which is a term that is not used or even defined in the Gender Recognition Act 2004.

      It would be more accurate to say that the GRA provides a way for anyone who fulfils the criteria in the GRA to obtain a Gender Recognition Certificate.

  20. icla2020b.jonreeve.com icla2020b.jonreeve.com
    1. Mrs. Mooney

      I wonder why she's still being referred to (and sort of identified) as Mrs. Mooney, even though she divorced him and clearly moved on with her life. doesn't sound like she's looking to carry his family name..

  21. Nov 2020
    1. Resumiendo mi argumento: he tratado demostrar cómo y por qué el género, la clase y la "raza" desempeñan un papel crucial e interrelacionado en la constitución y perpetuación de la sociedad de clases, una sociedad que es a la vez profundamente desigual y contradictoria.
    2. Harding recientemente ha llamado la atención sobre la intersección entre el género y la raza para señalar cómo estas diferentes estructuras de dominación afectan a las mujeres y a los hombres o a blancos en contraste con negros de modos particulares: "... en culturas estratificadas tanto por el género como por la raza, el género siempre resulta ser también una categoría racial y la raza una categoría de género"
    3. Judith Shapiro, ya a principios de la década de los ochenta, se percató de las dificultades conceptuales que entraña el separar género de sexo: "[el sexo y el géne-ro] sirven a un propósito analítico útil al contraponer un conjunto de hechos biológicos a un conjunto de hechos culturales. Si quisiera ser escrupulosa en el uso de los tér-minos, utilizaría la palabra 'sexo' sólo cuando hablase de diferencias biológicas entre machos y hembras, y usaría 'género' siempre que me refiriese a las construcciones sociales, culturales y psicológicas que se imponen a esas diferencias biológicas [...] El género [...] designa un conjunto de categorías que podemos denominar con la mis-ma etiqueta a nivel interlingüístico o intercultural, pues éste está relacionado de alguna manera con diferencias de sexo. No obstante, estas categorías son convencionales o arbitrarias en la medida en que no se pueden reducir a o derivar de forma directa de hechos naturales, biológicos; difieren de una lengua a otra, de una cultura a otra, en el modo como organizan la experiencia y la acción"
  22. Oct 2020
  23. mitpressonpubpub.mitpress.mit.edu mitpressonpubpub.mitpress.mit.edu
    1. I’ve actively participated in a revisionist sort of annotation that is part redaction/part revision in that I have gone through digital copies of some children’s books and in cases where it didn’t matter if the main character was male, I would actively use book editing software to make all the lead characters female for the sake of reading to girls. Often I’ve done this while reading out loud, but around the 1st/2nd grade level when children begin to read for themselves, physical annotations/revisions are required.
    1. The title of her essay “White Privilege and Male Privilege: A Personal Account of Coming to See Correspondences Through Work in Women’s Studies” was a mouthful. McIntosh listed 46 ways white privilege is enacted.
    1. Student evaluations of teachers are notoriously biased against women, with women routinely receiving lower scores than their male counterparts.

      I recall some work on this sort of gender bias in job recommendations as well. Remember to dig it up for reference as well.

    1. The hysterical passion

      The way I read this, what got Franklin into a large portion of this trouble in the first place was brushing Rachel's earlier behavior off as "hysterics" instead of recognizing that she had genuine reason for being upset with him. It seems he hasn't learned this lesson though, because he is still characterizing her passion as hysterical (a word which we know is extremely loaded with assumptions about the female body and lack of emotional control and strength). Ironically, it seems that Rachel has been very in control of herself and what she reveals for this whole narrative, whereas Franklin (SPOILER ALERT) was the one who was out of his own control at the pivotal moment of the text.

  24. Sep 2020
    1. “I am charmed to see you, Godfrey,” she said, addressing him, I grieve to add, in the off-hand manner of one young man talking to another.

      I find it to be really interesting that there is such an explicit flipping of gendered behavior in this section. In Victorian literature young women are often criticized for being "un-ladylike", but I don't often see that taken so far as to actually compare their behaviors to men. Later, in Bruff's section, there is also a comment about Rachel withdrawing into herself in a way that is more common amongst men (according to Bruff). It seems that there is some sort of traditionally masculine quality to Rachel that characters either are drawn to or scandalized by.

    2. It isn’t their fault (poor wretches!) that they act first and think afterwards; it’s the fault of the fools who humour them.

      This is pretty bold coming from a man who just pinned Sergeant Cuff to the wall in a moment of anger a few pages ago. I think there are a lot of behaviors that Betteredge identifies as feminine that he himself exhibits throughout the novel (this being one example). At several points in the novel he comments on the nosiness of the women servants, but he himself is snooping around and gossiping for his entire narrative. Additionally, in the power dynamics of the house, he is in a subservient position to "his Lady" and Rachel who, in the absence of a man in the family, are the masters of the house.

    3. so good

      (Similar to what Meredith said earlier, I think?) This is the second time this chapter that Betteredge has referred to Lady Verinder as “so good” to do something. What’s his relationship with her supposed to be? Equally mysterious? Somewhere between love, respect, attracted, and reverent? Their dynamic seems to me to be some kind of commentary on gender roles/dynamics as he worships her, is her most trusted/special servant, yet is her servant/employee whom she refers to by his first name.

    1. yet when I thought of my beloved Elizabeth, of her tears and endless sorrow, when she should find her lover so barbarously snatched from her, tears, the first I had shed for many months, streamed from my eyes,

      It's interesting to me that Victor only cries when thinking of how upset Elizabeth is going to be when he's the one who's going to die. He fits the whole "man be rational and women emotional" cultural phenomenon of the time to a tee. He's stone faced going into losing battle, but Elizabeth will be just soooooooooo sad and sooooooooo sorrowful. While I'm on the topic, the characterization of Elizabeth TOTALLY fits in while the "passive wife who's in charge of the emotional side of family," to a point where Mary Shelley is a satirist. Also the use of barbarous to describe the Creature is just textbook Othering in the way that demotes the Creature to a irrational and animalistic creature.

  25. Aug 2020
  26. osf.io osf.io