64 Matching Annotations
  1. Sep 2020
    1. Social narrative is a learning tool designed for a person with disability (e.g. Autism and Asperger syndrome) that teaches them how to do something new. It is referred to as a story or a written explanation that tells the learner not only what to do but also what the situation is, with the goal of addressing the challenge of learners finding social situations confusing.[2]

      [[social narrative]]

    1. Nietzsche, in Thus Spoke Zarathustra, suggested that solitude can heal us from an overstimulating culture (“Flee, my friend, into your solitude! I see you dazed by the noise of men”) and reconnect us to ourselves (“go into isolation ... seek the way to yourself”).

      When dealing with an [[overstimulating culture]] - doing intentional screen-detox can help,

    2. Billy Barr, who’s been living alone in an abandoned mining shack high up in the Rocky Mountains for almost 50 years, has very similar advice. He says we should all keep track of something. In his case, it’s the environment. How high is the snow today? What animals appeared this month? For decades, he’s been keeping track of the answers to these questions, and his records have actually had a serious influence on climate change science.

      I've found there to be some benefit with Journaling - even if just mundane details like the time I woke up, what I had for breakfast, etc - helps give a sense of 'time' - and things don't feel quite so blurry

    3. Many factors have conspired to make us bad at solitude. They’re mostly not our fault. As Jenny Odell lays out in her book How to Do Nothing, we live in a culture where sociability and constant connectivity are rewarded, and where choosing to be by yourself marks you out as a loser, crazy, possibly immoral.

      Constant pressure to have every side-hustle and hobby also be something productive, and not valuing doing something just for the sake of the enjoyment of it.

    1. If ADHD is not a disorder, but a mismatch with a human environment, then suddenly it’s not a medical issue. It’s an issue for educational reform.

      How can this impact #[[Adult ADHD]] and #[[ADHD at work]]

    1. You can also find a therapist through “fast therapy” apps like TalkSpace, which connects you to a licensed therapist through not just video chat, but texting, too. Out-of-pocket TalkSpace subscriptions start at $260 per month — which sounds like a lot up front, but it gets you unlimited text, video, and audio access to a therapist five days a week. For comparison, IRL therapy might cost $200 per month in insurance copays for one 45-minute session once a week.

      [[TalkSpace]] has had some questionable pratices around ethics recently - source

    2. First, let’s figure out how you’re going to pay for it. If you don’t have insurance (or even if you do), there are resources available to you at no cost. Consider looking into Federally Qualified Health Centers, community-based centers that offer care including mental health and substance use services

      Services like [[InkBlot]], your works [[Health Care Spending Account]] - in the past I had good luck with the Aspiria - they got me setup with a good therapist from Shift Collab Therapy

      Even trying to figure out what my starting point was too much - but being able to use a service like that to help connect me was really important.

    3. To those who are very understandably feeling an increased mental or emotional strain brought on by the changes and the uncertainty of this pandemic, it’s valid to want to talk to someone about it. Very few of us want to process this alone. And whether you’re looking to move your therapy sessions online or just trying to figure out how to start therapy at all, you may find a lower barrier to entry than you’d likely face in non-pandemic times.

      The pandemic has left many of us with a lot to process

      • COVID19
      • Racism
      • Anti-Racism
      • Protests
      • Job Loss
      • Loss within the family
      • Life Changes

      and even just the difficult things that usually happen, but are now happening during a pandemic.

    4. And crucially, you can now meet with providers like this regardless of the distance between your physical locations, which used to just be an option for patients in rural areas that were basically therapy deserts.

      [[today I learned]] that in some places - telehealth had distance restrictions imposed. By not having those, in theory - it can improve access to specialists that patients may not have been able to access otherwise.,

    5. The coronavirus pandemic has created a paradox in mental health care: Widespread social distancing means that more people are in need of support for anxiety and depression, and that more of those resources are harder to access in person. The past several weeks, though, have wrought a change in the national mental health care landscape — a big shift of services and social safety nets from face-to-face meetings to virtual ones.

      there are also some concerns around the safety and privacy of some of the online health providers.

      If they require a video call - high speed internet access can be a limiting factor.

      Some people may not be able to get the privacy that they need to take a call without a spouse or family member around.

    6. How to find a therapist during the Covid-19 pandemic

      Often when in a moment of crisis, even knowing how to ask for help or the type of help that you need can be a [[barrier of access]] to the resources you need for mental health.

    1. There are four rules to Analytical Reading Classify the book according to kind and subject matter. State what the whole book is about with the utmost brevity. Enumerate its major parts in their order and relation, and outline these parts as you have outlined the whole. Define the problem or problems the author is trying to solve.

      the [[four rules to [[analytical reading]]]]

    2. At this point, you start to engage your mind and dig into the work required to understand what’s being said. I highly recommend you use marginalia to converse with the author.

      From the linked article

      Full ownership of a book only comes when you have made it a part of yourself, and the best way to make yourself a part of it— which comes to the same thing— is by writing in it.

      Really love that quote - the idea of [[marginalia]] is to write in the margins, take notes as you read - to ask questions and answer them, and context around the highlights.

      In turn, [[make the book your own]]

    3. Analytical reading is a thorough reading. If inspectional reading is the best you can do quickly, this is the best reading you can do given time.

      [[analytical reading]] is one of the [[four levels of reading]] - the goal is to get to know a particular text very well.

    4. Superficial reading

      [[superficial reading]] - subtype of [[inspectional reading]] - doing the quick read, not taking notes - in the related article [[Article/ Speed Reading That Works: How to Intelligently Skim a Book]] - https://fs.blog/2013/06/the-art-of-reading-inspectional-reading/ --- it's the quick take, to know if you want to come back after.

    5. Systematic skimming

      sub-type of [[inspectional reading]] - reading the table of contents, skimming pages, looking for the hooks - how does this relate to [[proximity principle]] and [[scanning patterns]] - but getting a sense enough to know "is this book worth adding to the collection" for deeper reading

    6. Inspectional Reading We’ve been taught that skimming and superficial reading are bad for understanding. That is not necessarily the case. Using these tools effectively can increase understanding. Inspectional reading allows us to look at the author’s blueprint and evaluate the merits of a deeper reading experience.

      I think this is where I've been able to use #ADHD to it's advantages at times is with [[inspectional reading]] - being able to skim a large amount of content and get a sense of what I want to dig into later on or not.

    7. Reading is all about asking the right questions in the right order and seeking answers. There are four main questions you need to ask of every book: What is this book about? What is being said in detail, and how? Is this book true in whole or in part? What of it?

      [[questions to ask]] [[questions you should ask]] when reading a book, become a [[demanding reader]]

    8. Defining the Issues — If you’ve asked a clear question to which there are multiple answers then an issue has been defined. Opposing answers, now translated into your terms, must be ordered in relation to one another. Understanding multiple perspectives within an issue helps you form an intelligent opinion.

      [[Writing Tips for Software Engineers]] - helping them identify these issues, which ones are in scope or not. how to track the decision making process around this

    9. Getting the Questions Clear — Rather than focus on the problems the author is trying to solve, you need to focus on the questions that you want answered.

      Knowing what you are looking for is important, usually when I dig into reading something - I do have questions in mind.

      I've also been littering my notes recently with #question tags - how can I make better use of these?

      I think this can help avoid the 'reading just for the sake of keeping busy' - if I know what I am looking for, but also at the same time - know if a book is worth reading, or one I should quit reading.

    10. Bringing the Author to Terms — In analytical reading, you must identify the keywords and how they are used by the author. This is fairly straightforward. The process becomes more complicated now as each author has probably used different terms and concepts to frame their argument. Now the onus is on you to establish the terms. Rather than using the author’s language, you must use your own. In short, this is an exercise in translation and synthesis

      [[translation and synthesis]] - understanding the authors in your own words, and being able to summarize their points without just copy-pasting. To be able to do this well, you really need to understand the authors ideas.

    11. This task is undertaken by identifying relevant passages, translating the terminology, framing and ordering the questions that need answering, defining the issues, and having a conversation with the responses. The goal is not to achieve an overall understanding of any particular book, but rather to understand the subject and develop a deep fluency.

      this is a deep dive into many books and resources around the same topic. [[deep fluency]]

    12. This is also known as comparative reading, and it represents the most demanding and difficult reading of all. Syntopical Reading involves reading many books on the same subject and comparing and contrasting ideas, vocabulary, and arguments.

      one of the [[four levels of reading]]

  2. Aug 2020
    1. The evaluation should help distinguish typical disfluencies from stuttering and determine whether difficulties lie in speech production or other areas, such as organization of language. It is important to determine if the problem is motor and/or language-based

      at times when i stutter - it does feel like a word is trapped in my throat - is that more motor skill based? other times - it feels like it's because my thoughts are moving too fast or too disorganized, and need to keep shifting things around

    2. Because children with ASDs have many ongoing issues with social interaction and communication, stuttering is not always noticed and diagnosed until a child reaches school age. Interactions between ASDs and stuttering present a complex combination of disorders for which research is ongoing

      Been curious about the relationship between stuttering and autism

    1. But I’ve been learning from many of our underrepresented employees that starting over in a new community can feel jarring, isolating, and even unsafe.
      • we don't know where the safe spaces are
      • we are used to being invited into spaces, and then being harmed after

      Even for me - moving from the village area over to the west end has been a bit jarring, and a year later - I still don't feel all that well adapted to.

    2. To require people to choose between being part of the tech economy — which is arguably the future of American wealth and opportunity — and the stability of homeownership is unfair and separates us into Two Americas.

      I know that being close to work has factored into where I choose to live.

      • is it walking distance / commutable
      • etc

      the cost of owning downtown can get very high, with remote-first companies it does open up the areas that I would be willing to consider moving to.

      Commute time is not as much of a factor anymore.

    3. Remote work distributes wealth into the whole system

      I think there is potential to do that, but then you hear cases like how some companies have reduced the pay for remote workers based on the cost of living of the cities that they live in.

    4. Our company is remote-first and will always be open to employees to work anywhere in the U.S. (or the occasional trip abroad). We made this decision with a great deal of intention because we believe creating and nurturing a remote culture is a key to inclusion.

      As we've been adjusting to the pandemic and going remote, I have been thinking about the differences between

      • [[remote only]]
      • [[remote first]]
      • [[remote friendly]]
    1. The CHT, by contrast, spends its defining effort on a much smaller goal: it seeks to define a temporary and nearby nextstep. It doesn't deny the existence of distant targets, but "orients" towards them as it defines the nextstep.

      This is a challenge I have when trying to get some teams online with being agile, and taking a more iterative approach.

      They fear that by not 100% knowing the end-state - that we will build the wrong thing.

      We need to know the general direction - and as we build towards it, we may discover different or more important things that need to get built.

    2. The RAT seeks to get to the final state because it receives no value until it gets there. The CHT seeks to gain partial value almost immediately, and to continue harvesting that value throughout the lifecycle of the program.

      Being able to see value in the process, not just the end result

    3. The CHT uses a short initial period to get a crude, even paltry, version of the program shipped. From that point on, the working process is much more "on-line". It is in the field, people are using it, and the focus is on morphing the shipping version to its next iteration.

      a challenge we can have here though, is when we are working with enhancing existing systems.

      At times doing a big-bang rewrite isn't an option, but we are in a weird place where 'we can't ship the minimum and drop 80% of the existing features'.

      Figuring out how to switch from one system to the other, provide a smooth transition, opt in users and set expectations, and also allowing for the ability to jump back to the old systems when needed need to be considered.

    4. "Off-line" vs "On-line". The RAT's focus is to get to a final state, and then ship it, all at once. During the working process, the thing we're working on is "off-line". It's not in the field and no one is using it

      This is a common problem when trying to do agile with enterprise clients.

      Can end up in a bubble where we are working on requirements that have been passed down - from how long ago? and then take even longer until users are actually using it.

    5. The RAT model sees software development as an off-line program-construction activity composed of these parts: defining, decomposing, estimating, implementing, assembling, and finishing

      This is what can lead to the 'there is only version 1.0' problem - and improvements / iterations fall to the sidelines.

      This can have a number of consequences

      • over designed / engineered
      • doing unnecessary work
      • lack of user feedback and ability to accommodate it
      • rigid / fragile architecture
    1. alternative processes to positive thinking called Mental Contrasting
    2. Psychologist Gabriele Oettingen (2014) said that positive thinking is deceiving, and it may tune our minds to overlook problems that are solvable in reality

      we need to be more realistic at times, and understand what challenges might come up.

    1. 3) Tell your students to study different subjects in different rooms in their house and use the cues in their surroundings (furniture, windows, colors, shapes, etc) to help them access that memory later. They could use the same rooms they imagined in their memory palace: study the modals in the living room and vocabulary in the kitchen;

      The environment we are in can help set the cues for helping us remember things better.

      This is one of the reasons why it can be useful to move between classrooms in school - goto the science room, different settings, tools, etc.

      Goto the history room - different things on the walls.

      These can all act as cues to prime you for that topic, and can help build a memory palace and a place association with the things we are trying to learn.

      This can also be useful in work - different meetings in different rooms/settings, walking meetings, etc.

    1. In mid-2019, researchers at Facebook began studying a new set of rules proposed for the automated system that Instagram uses to remove accounts for bullying and other infractions.

      Some of the moderation on TikTok was also meant to reduce exposure too bullying, but instead lead too the censorship of LGBTQ+ and Black Creators

    1. “They need that money in order to make the Post Office work so it can take all of these millions and millions of ballots,” Trump said on Fox Business Thursday morning of the states that are implementing universal mail-in voting ahead of the November election. “But if they don’t get those two items, that means you can’t have universal mail-in voting, because they’re not equipped to have it.”

      Trump has been intentionally trying to interfere with the postal service since he got elected.

    1. Simply chunking your text isn’t enough — you also need to support scanning by making it easy to quickly identify the main points of the chunks. You can do this by including: Headings and subheadings that clearly contrast with the rest of the text (bolder, larger, etc.) Highlighted keywords (bold, italic, etc.) Bulleted or numbered lists A short summary paragraph for longer sections of text, such as articles

      Help users with skimming articles in a number of ways

    1. Yoi focuses particularly on the six-month journey of the onboarding process, offering managers a chance to identify challenging areas for their hires and then intervene before little problems become big ones.

      Was talking about this with another manager - for the first three months is usually an ok-ish onboarding time for engineers, for managers - it can be even longer.

      While I really like the 30-60-90 day checkin, I do think that it also didn't really reflect onboarding during a pandemic, and something I've also been meaning to give feedback on.

      Also something I could/should be doing better - is following up on these with my current reports, and thinking of how to keep this plan ongoing, but also set them up for other reports.

    1. Components of the lessons can be exported for re-use and alternative uses

      thinking in terms of components and atomic sized lessons - being able to have a component be useful on it's own, but easily linked/discoverable and re-used in other contexts would be nice.

    1. The desire for uniformity across institutions was the primary motivator for the spread of these systems

      When aiming for uniformity across systems - we ar failing to recognize the different environments, and access to resources that people have.

      It starts to bake bias into the system.

    1. We’re publicly reaching out on social media to recommend books, movies, podcasts, soothing playlists, and museums we can visit virtually while we’re separate but oh-so-together in our fear. In this world that has had trouble practicing civility lately, we are experiencing a much-needed resurgence of kindness.

      Something I have noticed recently, is that in some ways - social media has felt more social than it has in a long time.

      It's no longer one-way chirps and hot-takes, but actually engaging in discussion in ways that I haven't in awhile.

    2. She could think about her cancer all day, about the uncertainty of what might happen, or she could feel her fear at times but also be present in her life right now

      In general when dealing with difficult times - it's important to be able to recognize that we can be scared, and happy, fearful and greatful all at the same time.

      Too often I would fall into a trap of thinking that if I was worried about something - that I wasn't allowed to be happy about something else.

      Humans are complex emotional creatures, we can have multiple feelings at the same time, and about the same thing.

      Everything isn't always awesome, and I think we can get caught up in needing to have this toxic-positivity mindset and not give ourselves the space we need to accept that something just sucks at times.

      But when we do, we also allow ourselves the space to find the good.

    3. This kind of anxiety causes us to futurize and catastrophize, both of which take up a lot of emotional real estate. It’s a vicious cycle: The more we worry, the more we try to control our worry with something tangible, such as information. But clinging to our screens for the latest update has the opposite effect because it serves as fodder for more futurizing and catastrophizing. A daily update makes sense. But bingeing on up-to-the-minute news is like stress eating—it’s bloating our minds with unhealthy food that will make us feel sick.

      This is something I have noticed as well - it can be very easy to get caught up with up-to-the-second news, and social media makes it very easy to do so.

      However, there is so much that we can't do anything about - especially when its a news story about something that is in another city our country.

      Finding the right balance of being informed, but not doom-scrolling can be tricky to balance.

    4. and underneath the quip was the hope that others might feel less alone in this very strange and anxiety-provoking time

      one of the reasons I have been more vocal about things like anxiety and ADHD - part is,

      • I need to for myself,
      • also been feeling alone
      • hope others feel less alone
      • others have reached out saying they feel less alone
    1. when you want to emphasize something, you need to slow the reader’s pace with shorter sentences and bolder punctuation.

      Often when people write, they just go for an information-wall, and don't consider the pace of how people read.

      Think of listening to a moving speech - not every word or sentence is the same. Being able to build a rhythm of a post can give it impact, and make it more memorable.

    2. couples concepts with concrete examples

      I've noticed that in a lot of the writing that I enjoy - even if it's more of a story based, being able to tie in the concept from the narrative with a concrete example of how it's used helps move it from 'just a story', to something that has a takeaway or lesson

    1. but it really pushes the boundaries of your technology stack, surfacing issues that you might not have noticed until you reach a certain scale

      Both technology, but I also think in how people communicate and collaborate.

      Many of the 'in person' tools and systems that people relied on, stop being as effective or as available.

      'no such thing as a 5 min zoom call'

    2. having a completely distributed team can make it very difficult for team members to get to know each other on a personal level

      There is lots that gets missed from the chance encounters of in-person interactions.

      I've found this to be a challenge when onboarding at a new company.

      Many of the ways we happen to meet people in a normal office environment can go away, the chance encounters need to become intentional ones.

      It can feel awkward reaching out to someone over slack to ask for something if you have never had any kind of casual conversation or interaction with them before.

    1. On Quora, in fact, the question can (and often is) edited by the community for clarity, and on Stack Exchange posters who pose badly formulated questions are pushed by moderators to reformulate their question in ways more beneficial to the site.

      This is pretty interesting - as something I've found myself saying recently a few times is "helping people learn how to ask the right question is important"

      as once you can get to the right question, it also can become easier to teach yourself

    1. Course as community of practice

      could thinking of guilds at work in this way be useful?

      • are they currently being done this way?
      • or could this be an option of how to run a guild, or a topic within a guild but not a replacement for the guild itself?
    2. Course as community onboarding

      I like this idea - as when joining a community figuring out the 'rules of engagement' can be hard, and also

      • who to go for what
      • what do I need to know to start
      • how does this community work

      For team on-boarding, project on-boarding, etc - it can also guide people towards other courses / resources that may be more ongoing or of other types

    3. Course as generative learning event

      when Rangle first started to rally around redux - it did feel like a generative learning event

    4. Course as introduction or teaser

      Lunch & Learns / etc and shorter talks can be useful for this.

      At times having a full workshop on a topic may not be of interest to everyone, but this can be used to drive interest.

      At the same time - if the deeper content isn't ready - can be used to gauge interest, 'is this worth doing something more on?

    5. Facilitators don't have to be experts in the topic — they can be learners too!

      yup, and I think having this distinction and also being clear/honest about it - and being transparent in our own learning process.

      I think a challenge we've had with some online educators, is they have positioned themselves as an expert, and shared content from a place of 'authority' that was a bit rocky.

      The advice then gets taken as 'set in stone', next thing you know a rough idea goes viral and becomes 'best practice' when it was really 'some person trying to figure something out'

      By being more transparent in where you are at, it can then encourage more feedback and discussion, and also a deepening of the facilitators understanding.

    6. and because we largely lack the infrastructure to support their creation and maintenance

      maintiance of course content is hard.

      Some of the tooling available to do this is getting better, I remember the hassles we had trying to keep the Angular training materials up to date, it was a maintenance nightmare.

      I think some of what is being done with MDX, Gatsby, HeadlessCMS, and sort of 'content as modules' can help with this infrastructure.

      I'm also curious to see where ideas like Roam, Zettelkasten, Smart Notes, etc could also help with this.

      Also 'minimal training modules', etc, and even things like https://notes.andymatuschak.org/About_these_notes could be used to have better networked thought and learnig

    7. Building course structures is a creative venture. Courses should be experimental, iterative, and forever changing to better serve learning.

      I was thinking about this on my walk yesterday and thinking about

      • how would I create an organization that has a teaching culture instead of a learning culture
      • how could I teach an organization how to be a teaching culture
      • I would need to teach myself, but then document that teaching, and then also adapt it as I learn more
    8. Online courses tend to be based around linear playlists of videos, along with associated readings and other activities. These often look like university courses filmed and translated more or less directly to online form. More internet native courses tend to be shorter and more focused, but still just as linear and video-centric.

      agree with this.

      I've often thought that at times learning feels more like the Path fo Exile skill spider-web than a linear path.

      Many 'road maps', 'how to' feels like a ladder - and then it's not always clear how much you need to learn about a certain step before moving onto the next step, while also failing to realize that you may have learned the outcomes from the step in another way.

    9. What is a "course"? And more importantly: what more can a course be?

      I like this framing, as something that I've been thinking for awhile is that when it comes to teaching/education - people are too caught up in an old style of education and are trying to copy-paste the classroom setting into the online world.

      While some K-12 education seems to be adapting a bit faster, higher education still feels a little stuck.

      Bootcamps are a little different, but gaps still exist --- got thinking about this also when talking with Sam recently