- Jul 2021
Recommended Instructional Strategies Instructors can encourage ABE learners to become more strategic thinkers by helping them focus on the ways they process information. Self-questioning, reflective journal writing, and discussing their thought processes with other learners are among the ways that teachers can encourage learners to examine and develop their metacognitive processes. Fogarty (1994) suggests that Metacognition is a process that spans three distinct phases, and that, to be successful thinkers, students must do the following: Develop a plan before approaching a learning task, such as reading for comprehension or solving a math problem. Monitor their understanding; use “fix-up” strategies when meaning breaks down. Evaluate their thinking after completing the task.
metacognition spans thjree phases
- develop a plan
- monitor their understanding and fix up broken mental models / etc
- evaluate their thinking after completing the task --- reflection for learning
- Mar 2020
reminder: go through and chunk info into smaller concept and their time stamps.
M5 Instructional Strategies
Notes and reflections
What is an instructional strategy?
A set of instructional and learning events appropriate for achieving a learning goal.
An instructional strategy is a bigger picture of how your curriculum should be presented.
Example: Project Based Learning
Producing a PRODUCT
Multiple lessons could be involved and various activities. Then you have multiple lessons with various group or individual activities. Various learning objectives, etc.
Designing Strats for Distance Education.
- Engage learners in active learning experiences.
- Scaffold instruction to develop learner self-reliance.
- Recognize prior learning experiences.
- Facilitate learning as an active instructor.
- Link learning from prior knowledge to new ideas.
- Provide collaborative, respectful and informal setting.
- Provide self-reflection opportunities throughout the learning experience.
Teacher vs. Student Center
Complete Transformation? not quite.
Think of a good combination between teacher-centered to student-centered.
Types of Activities
- most frequently used
- an efficient way of disseminating info.
- laying foundations
- interactive, participatory learning
- Asynchronous and synchronous discussions
Types of Tools
Small Group Work
Discuss content, share ideas, solve problems.
Less hassle with organizing for larger groups.
Discussion, problem solving activity and role-playing.
Work on special interest topics
Individual or group based
Increased relevance to learner
Critique on product is possible
May involve other instructional strategies as well.
Requires to draw upon prior knowledge and experience
Need an appropriate real-world situation relevant to learners
Problem based or expert case - the biggest issue is finding a good case study.
Both individual and group-based.
Additional research often needed.
Series of presentations and follow-up discussions
2 to 5 people discussing different aspects of the same theme.
Exposure to various experts viewpoints.
Format suitable to webinars (asynchronous & synchronous)
Audience participation through Q&A
A moderator is often needed.
- May 2017
and modeling content, practices, and strategies
Link to Lewis et al (2006) Lesson Study, Afflerbach et al (2008) modeling and explaining, Fagella and Deshler, (2007) reading strategies