1,330 Matching Annotations
  1. Last 7 days
    1. liberal


    2. Faculty in support of a moral teaching imperative — among them Henry Giroux, Michael Berube, and Bruce Wilshire — argue that a moral curriculum does not mandate a specific moral position.

      Especially as we are advocating critical pedagogy. You cannot have moral "banking method" of education. And the student has to engage with you and their peers to build their own reality.

    1. The origins of property rights in the United States are rooted inracial domination.1

      left off

    2. ee also PATRICIA J. WILLIAMS, On Being the Objectof Property, in THE ALCHEMY OF RACE AND RIGHTS 216, 223 (1991) (recounting the story ofMarjorie, Williams's godmother, who was given away by her mother at the age of six in orderthat her mother could "pass" and marry a white man); Gregory H. Williams, Neither BlackNor White: A Childhood on the Color Line 8 (i991) (unpublished manuscript, on file at theHarvard Law School Library) (describing the childhood of a law professor whose father passedfor white, a fact unknown to his son until the age of ten)

      Reading recommendations


    1. Qualities of Helpful Feedback

      1. Formative — it helps learners get better at a task or increase their understanding.

      2. Timely — it happens at a moment when it's possible to learn and change (e.g. revise).

      3. Descriptive, goal referenced and directed.

      As teachers our goals should be:

    2. Peer review is the developmental review in publishing, developmental editor working with the writer to the point it is ready for a copy editor.

    3. As Hattie and Timperley write, studies that demonstrated the most impact on student learning involved students receiving information about a task and how to do it more effectively.

      feedback on how to do something more effectively.

    4. one of the most powerful movers is feedback.

      Feedback rich classrooms are the classrooms where students really learn.

    1. We reject pedestals,queenhood, and walking ten paces behind. To be recognized as human, levelly human, is enough.

      We would women reject pedestals? Because it turns them into objects rather than subjects.

    2. amed themselvesafter a daring Union Army raid, led by Harriet Tubman, to liberate seven hundred and fty enslavedpeople in South Carolina.

      Origin of the name Combahee River Collective.

    3. Barbara Smith and her twinsister, Beverly Smith, as well as Demita Frazier, Cheryl Clarke, Akasha Hull, Margo Okazawa-Rey,Chirlane McCray, and Audre Lorde.



  2. Jul 2020
    1. George Kleiman
    2. Blaine Larson
    3. Berthold Schmutzhart

      Artist recommendation

    4. where she supported herself as a seamstress and a typist.[1] Abad studied painting at the Corcoran School of Art in Washington, D.C. and The Art Students League in New York City.


    1. “Tell me the story of home”: Afrofuturism, EricKillmonger, and Black American malaiseFelicia L. Harris

      UHD Professor.


    1. One of the most important questions will concern the ineptitude of the unions: tied to the whole of their history of struggle against the disciplines or within the spaces of enclosure, will they be able to adapt themselves or will they give way to new forms of resistance against the societies of control?

      They failed to adapt, for sure.

    2. Man is no longer man enclosed, but man in debt.


    3. Corruption thereby gains a new power. Marketing has become the center or the "soul" of the corporation. We are taught that corporations have a soul, which is the most terrifying news in the world.

      WE have killed and dethroned God and put a Golden Archways in its seat.

    4. in the present situation, capitalism is no longer involved in production, which it often relegates to the Third World, even for the complex forms of textiles, metallurgy, or oil production. It's a capitalism of higher-order production. It no longer buys raw materials and no longer sells the finished products: it buys the finished products or assembles parts. What it wants to sell is services and what it wants to buy is stocks.


    5. nineteenth- century capitalism is a capitalism of concentration, for production and for property. It therefore erects the factory as a space of enclosure, the capitalist being the owner of the means of production but also, progressively, the owner of other spaces conceived through analogy (the worker's familial house, the school). As for markets, they are conquered sometimes by specialization, some- times by colonization, sometimes by lowering the costs of production.

      Nineteenth century capitalism.

    6. We have passed from one animal to the other, from the mole to the serpent,

      from the pan to the fire huh

    7. perpetual training tends to replace the school, and continuous control to replace the examination.

      I can definitely see how this is not always a good thing. But I like learning...

    8. This is obvious in the matter of salaries: the factory was a body that contained its internal forces at a level of equilibrium, the highest possible in terms of production, the lowest possible in terms of wages; but in a society of control, the corporation has replaced the factory, and the corporation is a spirit, a gas. Of course the factory was already familiar with the system of bonuses, but the corporation works more deeply to impose a modulation of each salary, in states of perpetual metastability that operate through challenges, contests, and highly comic group sessions.

      Salaries and their variations prevent people from making unified demands, as someone might hate the pay but like the benefits, others might like the benefits but demand more pay, others yet might have good salaries but shitty work hours. They can't come up with unified demands.

    9. analogical

      based on an analogy. School is like a prison. The concept of prison is used to create a common language amongst various places.

    10. "Control" is the name Burroughs proposes as a term for the new monster, one that Foucault recognizes as our immediate future. Paul Virilio also is continually analyzing the ultrarapid forms of free-floating control that re- placed the old disciplines operating in the time frame of a closed system.

      So the society of discipline that translated the prison system to work, school and family, is now being replaced by a society of "control". That might be pharmaceutical, it might be giving people enough to feel attached to the nicetieis of life that they feel boxed in. To have this background knowledge that the "Feds" are watching, and have people self-police.

    11. The administrations in charge never cease announcing supposedly necessary reforms: to reform schools, to reform industries, hospitals, the armed forces, prisons. But everyone knows that these institutions are finished, whatever the length of their expiration periods. It's only a matter of administering their last rites and of keeping people employed until the installation of the new forces knocking at the door.

      Revolutionary forces.


      Gilles Deleuze (January 18, 1925–November 4, 1995) was one of the most influential and prolific French philosophers of the second half of the twentieth century. Deleuze conceived of philosophy as the production of concepts, and he characterized himself as a “pure metaphysician.” In his magnum opus Difference and Repetition, he tries to develop a metaphysics adequate to contemporary mathematics and science—a metaphysics in which the concept of multiplicity replaces that of substance, event replaces essence and virtuality replaces possibility. Deleuze also produced studies in the history of philosophy (on Hume, Nietzsche, Kant, Bergson, Spinoza, Foucault, and Leibniz), and on the arts (a two- volume study of the cinema, books on Proust and Sacher-Masoch, a work on the painter Francis Bacon, and a collection of essays on literature.) Deleuze considered these latter works as pure philosophy, and not criticism, since he sought to create the concepts that correspond to the artistic practices of painters, filmmakers, and writers. In 1968, he met Félix Guattari, a political activist and radical psychoanalyst, with whom he wrote several works, among them the two-volume Capitalism and Schizophrenia, comprised of Anti-Oedipus (1972) and A Thousand Plateaus (1980). Their final collaboration was What is Philosophy? (1991).

      Deleuze is noteworthy for his rejection of the Heideggerian notion of the “end of metaphysics.” In an interview, he once offered this self-assessment: “I feel myself to be a pure metaphysician.... Bergson says that modern science hasn’t found its metaphysics, the metaphysics it would need. It is this metaphysics that interests me.” [Villani 1999: 130.]) We should also point to the extent of his non-philosophical references (inter alia, differential calculus, thermodynamics, geology, molecular biology, population genetics, ethology, embryology, anthropology, psychoanalysis, economics, linguistics, and even esoteric thought); his colleague Jean-François Lyotard spoke of him as a “library of Babel.” Although it remains to be seen whether the 20th century will be “Deleuzean,” as his friend Michel Foucault once quipped, Deleuze’s influence reaches beyond philosophy; his work is approvingly cited by, and his concepts put to use by, researchers in architecture, urban studies, geography, film studies, musicology, anthropology, gender studies, literary studies and other fields.



    1. How to Select and Pair Fonts in your Design - Design Tips

      Certain guidelines you want to follow that will help with a cleaner and pleasant aesthetic design.

      Serif fonts have little strokes called serif attached to the main part of the letter - classic look is good for traditional projects, printed magazines and publications.

      Sans Serif, easier to read on computer skins, good for screens, considered clean.

      Decorative fonts are good for brief bits of typography.

      Typeface is a family of fonts, groups of fonts that are similar.

      Ways to vary up the look of a font.

    1. Beginning Graphic Design: Typography | Notes

      Serif fonts have little strokes called serif attached to the main part of the letter - classic look is good for traditional projects, printed magazines and publications.

      Sans Serif, easier to read on computer skins, good for screens, considered clean.

      Decorative fonts are good for brief bits of typography.

      Limit yourself to one or two per project.

      If you need more contrast, try repeating one of your fonts in a different weight, size, or style.

      Opposites attract.

      San serif with serif, short with tall, complex and simple.

      Common Typography Terms

      Essential for professional designs.


      Used to guide the reader's eye to whatever is most important.

      Establishing hiearchy is deciding which items you want the reader to notice first, and make them stand out.


      The space between lines of text (also known as spacing).


      The overall space between characters. Can create artistic effects, or fixed fonts that are poorly spaced.


      Space between specific characters, some fonts have bad kerning. IF a font you are using has bad kerning, it is better to switch to a different font.

      Well crafted typography is the difference between a ok design and an outstanding design.

    1. Notes

      Each link points to a different document that has annotations or images.

      July 17-20

      July 21-23

      Objective You will learn color relationships and others

      • Complementary
      • Triads
      • Split complement triads
      • Analogous colors
      • Shade and tints

      Beginning Graphic Design: Color

      Chapter 7: Design with Color

      Source File for Color Improvement

      July 28-30

      Beggining Graphic Design: Typography

    2. Blank box or placeholder text (i.e., Lorem ipsum) is not acceptable

      why is it not acceptable? oh my goooood

    1. During the meeting—which it bears mentioning took place during a global pandemic, in the midst of a mass unemployment wave, and weeks away from a nationwide eviction crisis—the Committee members voted 125-36 against adding Medicare for All to the party’s platform. Proposals to expand Medicare to children and all people over 55 and to legalize marijuana also went down in flames—because why wouldn’t the Democrats want to avoid giving healthcare to the country’s most vulnerable citizens during a pandemic or meaningfully addressing the horrific problem of mass incarceration and lingering fallout from the government’s racist drug war during a massive popular uprising for Black lives?

      how is the democratic party even real.

    1. /u/smallbatchb

      Problem with some of the questions that are repeatedly ask is that no one wants to hear the answer.

      How do I get better?

      Hard work and practice.

      Why can't I get commissions?

      You haven't put enough effort to get people's attention. Your art work is not worth the money you are requesting. It is also a very competitive market.

      How do I make a living with art?

      Get into a big industry. There isn't a lot of money to be made from small in private art sales and commission. Become a freelance illustrator for corporations, professionals, small and large businesses, publications and other organizations.

      Why am I not getting followers / internet fame?

      It is extremely competitive out there and you have to make yourself standout. How often and when do you post, is also important, and that is something you are going to need to figure out on your own, depending on the audience you want to build.

      How do I get over burn out?

      You might be burned out. You might also be bored of your own work. Take a break, give yourself sometime to relax your creative muscles. Alternatively, go learn some new style, technique, paint a different type of subject. Anything to give yourself variety and stimulate you.

      I don't want to draw, I am not motivated to make art.

      You don't have to make art. The process of creating art should be an internal motivator, nobody should be trying to push you to make creative work. Maybe it is not your thing, maybe you are burned out. This is a matter of deep self-reflection that's going to require more than just us.

      I am dealing with depression or other mental illness and I can't produce.

      The myth of the tortured artist is a common trope in media. And it is decidedly not true. Please get treatment for your mental health, so you can come to art-making from a healthy place. While we cannot give any medical advice, we can put some resources for self-help:

      • Meditation
      • Sleeping Advice
      • Stress Management

      Everyone is better than me, how do I get over jealously?

      It is a fact of life that there is always someone better than you. Look at their work as an opportunity to learn from them. Maybe ask them questions you are curious about (most artists are probably less interested in praise than they are to talk about their work!). Also cut out social media when you are working. Put the phone as far away as possible before and after you draw. That way you won't feel bad about it.

    1. If the only sans serifs you have in your font library are Helvetica/Arialand Verdana (which was designed specifically for the screen, not print), thebest thing you could do for your design work is invest in a sans serif familythat includes a strong, heavy, black face.

      typography — use sans serifs like helvetica, arial and verdana for screen stuff.

    2. Slab serifs are often used in children’s booksbecause of their clean, straightforward look.

      good for children's books

      good for copy (although can darken the page).

    3. for extended amounts of body copy

      not good.

    4. The major rule to follow when contrasting type is this: Don’t be a wimp!

      Be BOLD.

    5. Strong contrast attracts our eyes, as you learned in the previous sectionabout design. One of the most effective, simplest, and satisfying ways toadd contrast to a design is with type.

    6. A contrasting relationship occurs when you combineseparate typefaces and elements that are clearly distinct fromeach other. The visually appealing and exciting designs thatattract your attention typically have a lot of contrast built in,and those contrasts are emphasized

      we gotta aim for contrasting type relationships.

    7. Body copy, body text, or sometimes just plain body or text refers to themain block of text that you read, as opposed to headlines, subheads, titles,etc. Body text is usually set between 9- and 12-point type with 20 percentadded space between the lines.

      body copy, body text

    8. A dingbat is a small, ornamental character, like this: . Youmight have the fonts Zapf Dingbats or Wingdings, which are made up ofdingbats.


    9. Or use a character from a dingbat orornament font, as you can see in this bulleted list you are readingright now (you might need to make the ornament larger or smallerthan the text, depending on the dingbat you choose).

      you can also use a dingbat font for decoration/ornament font. Might need to make it larger.

    10. Use bullets or ornaments in a list, not hyphens: When listingitems, please don’t use hyphens.

      bullets or ornaments not hyphens

      • = Option 8 on a Mac

    11. first paragraph following a headingor subhead does not need an indent. Ever.

      first paragraph does not need an indent, ever.

    12. Paragraph indent or extra space between paragraphs:

      An indent or extra space between paragraph, but not both

    13. Paragraph indents:

      One em dash and an em space is equal to the point size of the type you are using. Thus if you are using 12-point type, the paragraph indent is 12 points or about to Spacebar spaces.

    14. Punctuation in parentheses: Just in case you are not clear onwhether punctuation goes inside or outside parentheses, here is thegrammatical rule.

      punctuation goes inside if it's own standalone sentence, and not a part of the original sentence.

    15. Punctuation following styled text: If you have a word styled inbold or italic or a different font, the punctuation immediatelyfollowing the last character should be in the same style.

      punctuation following a styled text should match

    16. This is a short list of professional typographic niceties which, if youfollow, will prevent your work from looking amateurish.

      "typographic niceties"

    17. When the last line of a paragraph has fewer than seven (more or less,depending on the length of the line) characters, that last line is a widow.Worse than leaving one word as the last line is leaving part of a word, theother part being hyphenated on the line above. Don’t ever do that!

      Do not leave a widow or hyphenated word as the last thing in a paragraph

    18. Kerning is the process of removing tiny units of space between charactersto create visually consistent letterspacing

      info on kerning

    19. However, you have several other options for emphasis that aremore professional: try bold type, larger type, a different font, color, or acombination.

      ways to emphasize words.

      Bold, #larger, a different font, color, or a combination

    20. Shortcuts for symbols.

    21. résumé

      résumé niña niño

    22. Check your punctuation style manual for the exact use of the em dash.

      so now i need a punctuation style manual?!

    23. Use it betweenwords that indicate a duration, such as hourly time or months or years. Useit where you would otherwise use the word “to.”

      En Dash guidelines

    24. The em dash is twice as long as the en dash, approximately the width of acapital letter M.

      Em dash guidelines

    25. You know what a hyphen is, that tiny little dash that belongs in somewords such as daughter-in-law or in phone numbers. It is also used to breaka word at the end of a line, of course.


    26. He loves cookies _n_ cream milkshakes.

      He loves cookies ’n’ cream milkshakes

    27. We all wore bellbottoms in the _60s.

      We all wore bellbottoms in the ’60s.

    28. She went fishin_ again last night.

      She went fishin’ again last night.

    29. Mom _n_ Pop

      Mom ’n’ Pop

    30. Dearie, ____ too late for that.


    31. Look out! ____ headed this way!”


    32. Finding himself impaled upon the horns of adilemma, the yellow-bellied marmot hoisted ____ flagand left.


    33. Plutarch asks, “If a ship is restored over time byreplacing every one of ____ wooden parts, is it still thesame ship?”


    34. The mob lost ____ momentum.


    35. ___ my birthday


    36. If more than one paragraph is quoted, the double quotation mark is set atthe beginning of each paragraph, but only at the end of the final one.

      quotation guidelines.

    37. Colons and semicolons go outside the quotation marks.A question mark or exclamation point goes inside the quotation marks ifit belongs to the quotation: She hollered, “Get out of my reality!”The question mark or exclamation point goes outside the quotation marksif it does not belong to the quoted phrase: Can you believe he replied, “Iwon’t do it”?

      punctuation rules to keep in mind.

    38. In the United States, commas and periods are always inside the quotationmarks. Always. Really. (In the U.K., they can go in or out.)


    39. nother glaring mistake of amateur designers is the use of typewriterquotation marks instead of typographer quote marks.

      Use typographer quote marks.

    40. One space after punctuation

      important typographic guideline

    41. Name at least five other repetitiveelements on this little card.
      • the color is orange and teal
      • the heading for each item
      • text is center aligned
      • there is a top and bottom line.
    42. This is an actual ad from an event program. It has manyproblems, of course, including the copy, but you can probablyimmediately notice that it does not take advantage of the Principleof Proximity.

      Left off.

    43. Chapter 3.Alignment

      Left off.

    44. The idea of proximity doesn’t mean that everything is closer together; itmeans elements that are intellectually connected, those that have some sortof communication relationship, should also be visually connected. Otherseparate elements or groups of elements should not be in close proximity.The closeness or lack of closeness indicates the relationship.

      things need to be intellectually connected as well as close together graphically.

    45. When grouping items into close proximity, you typically need to makesome changes, such as in the size or weight or placement of text or graphics.Body copy (the main bulk of reading text) does not have to be 12 point!


    46. Now the proximity of these two people makes it clear there issome sort of relationship between them. This same thing happenson the page.Take a look at this typical business card layout, below. How manyseparate elements do you see in that small space? That is, how many timesdoes your eye stop to look at something?Does your eye stop five times? Of course—there are fiveseparate items on this little card

      yes actually

    47. Now that there are two bold phrases, where do you begin? Doyou start in the upper left? Do you start in the center

      gotta trust your initial instincts when you come into a piece of crap visual.

    48. How manyseparate elements do you see in that small space?

      5 separate elements.

    49. Well, uh,there is a memorable—but rather inappropriate—acronym. Sorry.


    50. Items relating to each other should be grouped close together. Whenseveral items are in close proximity to each other, they become one visualunit rather than several separate units.

      On proximity

    51. Every element shouldhave some visual connection with another element on the page. This createsa clean and sophisticated look.

      On alignment

    52. Repeat visual elements of the design throughout the piece. You canrepeat colors, shapes, textures, spatial relationships, line thicknesses, fonts,sizes, graphic concepts, etc. This develops the organization and strengthensthe unity.

      On repetition

    53. Contrast is often the mostimportant visual attraction on a page—it’s what makes a reader look at thepage in the first place. It also clarifies the communication.

      on contrast

    54. I wantto tell you a little story that made me realize the importance of being able toname things, since naming these principles is the key to having power overthem.

      Name of the Wind fan, I see.

    1. Get Ready for the Freshman Class of Tomorrow

      Dr. Julie A. Evans, thought leader & influencer, Brown Univ. Educational Leadership Doctorate from UC San Diego.

      A survey of future freshmen.

      Research findings for K-12 students Digital Lives today

      Learning happens everywhere.

      I really doubt video games are the way of the future.

    2. Blackboard Influences: A Group of Faculty that Promotes a Scaffolded Approach to Bb

    3. Bb Ally Roadmap

      5.Reporting at the Departmental Lvl -- For learn this will require Learn SaaS

      4.Arabic translation to documents.

      3.Content created for the LMS

      2.Major, for second half of the year: Now also provide alternative content and instructor feedback. Ally will include live scoring while editing. Adding support for Excel Documents. Text spacing, line spacing, stuff in WCAG that affects legibility and mobile functionality. Major push for audio and video sources and instructor feedback. Integrated Captioning and auto-captioning (third party).

      1.Audio alternative format specifically. Supporting audio alternative format for documents over 1,000 characters. Diving documents automatically based on heading structure. The audio format can be combined with a text format, and make it easier to follow.

    1. Once we stretch the space-time horizon of our observations and theoretical conjectures in this way, tenderides that seemed novel and unpredictable begin to look familiar.

      Once we look far enough back, we realize that the crisis of post-fordism into capital financialization is part of a longer cycle and they are just being manifested in its new time and space.

    2. posed serious difficulties for theories of any sort .... The only general point of agreement is that something significant has changed in the way capitalism has been working since about 1970. (Harvey 1989: 173)

      A) Gotta read Harvey

      B) what are the difficulties? what theories?

    3. David Harvey

      my guy

    4. an increasing spatial and functional deconcentra tion and decentralization of corporate powers, which leaves processes of capital accumulation in a state of seemingly irremediable "disorganiza-. "

      the Ubers and other SV companies of the world.

    5. By the time I was writing the last draft' he had completed his tesi di laurea in philosophy at the Universita' Statale in Milan.

      holy shit

    6. Fernand Bra udel's trilogy, Capitalism and Civilization,



    7. harles Tilly




    1. Beginning Graphic Design: Color

      Color can draw your eye to an image, evoke a mood or emotion.

      Which colors look together and which do not? Color Theory.

      the basics

      Primary and Secondary Colors

      Color Wheel

      Additionally, there's Hue, Saturation and Value,

      Formula | Monochromatic

      Pick a spot in the color wheel and use your knowledge of saturation and value.

      Formula | Analogous

      Colors that are near each other.

      Formula | Complementary

      Colors that are opposite from each other in the color wheel.

      Famous examples are blue and orange, and classic red and green.

      Formula | Split Complementary

      Uses the colors at either side of the compliment, gives you more contrast and more colors to work with.

      Formula | Triadic

      Evenly space color schemes.

      Formula | Tetradic

      Forms a rectangle on the wheel. This formula works best if you let one color dominate and use others as accents.

      Dos & Don'ts

      IF you have colors that vibrate next to each other, lower the value/saturation. It can help the process.

      Readability is very important. Do not use color for every little single thing.

    1. Liquid Margins 2 | Good Writing Starts in the Margins: Annotation in the Composition Classroom


      Showing the reading process, as a mirroring tool.

      Why are we talking about reading, if what you teach is writing?

      Anna Mills: Most composition teachers like the idea we are teaching writing as a conversation. We are joining the conversation and not just coming up the ideas in a vacuum. The ideas are a response to what we encounter in the text.

      Chris Gillard: It shows the students the process of how much of what you read is an interplay of a lot of different voices and feedback.

      35 mins in..Anna Mills mentions that shier students are writing more and in the process participating. We had a very similar experience with Perusall!

    1. Resume 5 Tips for Designers

      he is using Illustrator, which is a good sign, lmao.

    1. The Economic Matrix: The Theory of Dependence.

      Reading recommendation

    2. Carlos Beorlegui, a historian of Latin American philosophy

      reading recommendation

    3. Cultural Identity and Social Liberation in Latin American Thought

      reading recommendation

    4. Filosofía de la liberación latinoamericana (Philosophy of Latin American Liberation) (2006)

      Reading recommendation

    1. Red Skin, White Masks: Rejecting the Colonial Politics of Recognition

      nice homage to Fanon!

    2. In Wasáse: Indigenous Pathways to Action and Freedom (2005) Taiaiake Alfred argues that meaningful change to the colonial condition requires a lasting transformation of society through Indigenous resurgence. According to Alfred, Indigenous reintegration cannot take place within the Western liberal framework because the imperatives of capitalism contrast sharply with those of the Indigenous ways of life. Therefore, liberal attempts at reconciliation will always run counter to the self-determination efforts of Indigenous communities. In Dancing on Our Turtle’s Back: Stories of Nishnaabeg Re-Creation, Resurgence and a New Emergence (2011) Leanne Betasamosake Simpson points out that rebuilding needs to start from within, and Indigenous people require not only the re-establishment of pre-colonial history and customs but also the reintroduction of Indigenous traditions of governance and culture through the oral tradition of story-telling as a framework to inform social experience.

      Lots of reading recommendations.

    3. Marx predicted that the bourgeoisie would continue to create a global market and undermine both local and national barriers to its own expansion.

      Cite in the paper. It wasn't just a prediction, you could already see it at the time of his work.

    1. MASTER Contrast To WOW Design Clients


      Contrasting graphic design requires that differences are obvious to the viewer.


      Reasons for using contrast:

      Size Contrast examples

      Dark Light Contrast

      Color Contrast

      Typography Contrast


      • Bold font and a thin font.
      • Serif & Sans Serif contrasted
    1. Design principles: Repetition — The Freelancer's Journey (Part 13 of 43)

      So I probably need to watch the other videos in this series. But for this one in particular is about the element of repetition, how that reduces cognitive overload, while at the same time letting you highlight certain content for viewing or the main attention.

    1. Beginning Graphic Design: Fundamentals

      Literally the same as the composition class!

    1. this is the same thing as the original article but in video form. Thanks, I guess.

    1. How to moderate the discussion

      How to prepare: Read the article and stay in contact with your group from start to finish. Read the assigned reading, annotate, ask questions, try to understand the article backwards and forwards.

      Questions: Describe, explain, why, how and "what do you think about..."

    1. Liquid Margins Episode 1 | Piloting in a Storm: Adopting New Practices in a Pinch

      Show notes:

    1. The decision, they say, flies in the face of recommendations from the legal and education communities that have urged leniency and a prioritization of children’s health and safety amid the crisis. The case may also reflect, some experts and Grace’s mother believe, systemic racial bias

      You don't fucking say!

    1. The Gestalt Principles | Basics for Beginners

      Nice to know I am not the only one using the "|" to separate things.

      Gestalt | Definition

      General Rules:

      • Objects will be perceived in their simplest form.
      • Human naturally follow lines or curves.
      • The mind will attempt to fill in detail that isn't actually there.


      Occurs when the eye is compelled to move through one object and continue to another object. Often this is used in typography based logos.

      Fig. 1


      Occurs when an element is incomplete or a space is not totally enclosed. If enough of the shape is indicated or hinted at, the viewer will subconsciously fill in the missing information.

      Fig. 2


      Occurs when objects look similar to one another. The viewer will perceived them as a group or pattern. These similarities in colour, shape, texture, or any other design element

      Fig. 3


      Occurs when elements are placed close to each other. The position of these elements helps to portray a relationship between the separate parts. The opposite is also true.

      Fig. 4


      Elements that are symmetrical to each other tend to be perceived as a unified group. The opposite is also true.

      Fig. 5

      Figure & Ground

      The eye differentiates an object from its surrounding area. A form, or shape is perceived as a figure, while the surrounding area is perceived as a ground.

      Balancing figure and ground is an art form in itself, but rules were made to be broken.

      Fig. 6

    1. Visual Literacy for Educators and Performance Specialist | Chapter 1


      Decorative Visual - a visual that does not have a strong association with instructional content. Added for aesthetic reasons.

      Educational Design - Similar to instructional design, but focusing on materials for learning and long term memory. Transfer knowledge to a new and novel situations is the ultimate goal.

      Electronic slides - Display software used in business and educational settings.

      Instructional Design - Design that encompasses educational and performance design; the art and science of solving instructional problems and identifying their solutions.

      Instructional Designer - A professional who analyzes instructional problems and their solutions and creates, implements, and tests appropriate interventions.

      Interface - The message or cue between a system and a user such as a link or button on a computer screen, or headings, and page numbers in a document. These cues tend to provide navigational assistance to the user/learner.

      Interpretive Visual- A visual that helps explain content.

      Job Aids - Performance tools that help people perform a task at the time of need.

      Just-in-Time- Instructional or task support available at the moment of need. E.g. instructions on the gas pump or automatic bank teller. Job aids are considered just-in-time support.

      Literacy - A broad term describing the ability to be knowledgeable about a particular subject, traditionally that of reading and writing. We also have visual literacy in this case!

      Organizational Visual - A visual that strengthens the structure and hierarchy of information and helps integrate information.

      Performance Design - Design that helps people perform a task or job immediately.

      Performance support - a tangible support that helps people do something at the moment of need (just-in-time). Maps, recipes, and instructions on a gas pump are types of performance support.

      Powerpoint- an electronic slide software tool from Microsoft.

      Representative Visual- A visual that carries the same information as the text or clearly identifies information to make it more concrete.

      Slide-ware - Electronic slide display software.

      Transformative Visual - Visuals that supplant new information into memory by making the information more memorable.

      Typography - the art and science of letterform.

      Universal Design - A usable design of products and environment, accessible to all people. Recently the term universal design has been used to address the larger context of design. Universal design employs principles (visual and otherwise) to create environments accessible to as many people as possible. Skills in visual literacy rely on a number of principles that also fall under the universal design umbrella.

      User - The receiver of a message, also considered the audience. Learners are considered users who interact with instructional messages.

      Visual Literacy - A group of acquired competencies for interpreting and composing visible messages. A visually literate person is able to (a) discriminate and make sense of visible objects as part of a visual acuity, (b) create static and dynamic visible objects effectively in a defined space, (c) comprehend and appreciate visual testaments of others, and (d) conjure objects in the mind's eye (Brill, Kim, and Branch, 2001)

      Visual Literacy for Instruction and Performance Support - The ability to work with tools (type, shape, color, depth, and space) and actions (contrast, alignment, repetition, and proximity) to influence learning and performance. More specifically this could be described as the tools and actions necessary to facilitate cognitive processes of selection, organization, and integration.

      Objc. becoming more visually literate on the composition sense. Creating compelling visuals is both art and a science.

      Providing clear instructions is worthwhile because it preservers the user's mental energy for the important information rather than wasting that energy.

      Questions to ask:

      What information is critical to this job? How do I make the information the focus of attention.

      The book uses the word Users as a way to identify the audience of each type of visual document.

      What Exactly is a Visual?

      • Semiotics and film/video conventions
      • signs, symbols, and icons
      • images and illustrations
      • multi-images
      • graphic representation

      Saunders' Definition

      • symbols (pictographic or abstract)
      • maps graphsdiagrams illustrations or rendered pictures (realistic to abstract)models composite graphics (multi-images)photographs
    1. The state allowed John and Margaret to live in their house (but not to bequeath it). When Margaret died in 1860, it became the property of the state of Oregon


    2. They rounded up students-to-be, not extremely young children but older ones and adolescents, from reservations all over the United States and brought them by freight train to Pennsylvania. Many died of dis­ease and homesickness. A few committed suicide rather than become “a white man's Indian.

      Nazis took inspiration from the genocide of Native Americans.

    3. Sitting Bull

      Sitting Bull (Lakota: Tȟatȟáŋka Íyotake [tˣaˈtˣə̃ka ˈi.jɔtakɛ];[2] nicknamed Húŋkešni [ˈhʊ̃kɛʃni] or "Slow"; c. 1831 – December 15, 1890)[3] was a Hunkpapa Lakota leader who led his people during years of resistance against United States government policies. He was killed by Indian agency police on the Standing Rock Indian Reservation during an attempt to arrest him, at a time when authorities feared that he would join the Ghost Dance movement.[4]

      Before the Battle of the Little Bighorn, Sitting Bull had a vision in which he saw many soldiers, "as thick as grasshoppers," falling upside down into the Lakota camp, which his people took as a foreshadowing of a major victory in which many soldiers would be killed.[5] About three weeks later, the confederated Lakota tribes with the Northern Cheyenne defeated the 7th Cavalry under Lt. Col. George Armstrong Custer on June 25, 1876, annihilating Custer's battalion and seeming to bear out Sitting Bull's prophetic vision. Sitting Bull's leadership inspired his people to a major victory. In response, the US government sent thousands more soldiers to the area, forcing many of the Lakota to surrender over the next year. Sitting Bull refused to surrender, and in May 1877, he led his band north to Wood Mountain, North-Western Territory (now Saskatchewan). He remained there until 1881, at which time he and most of his band returned to US territory and surrendered to U.S. forces.

      After working as a performer with Buffalo Bill's Wild West show, Sitting Bull returned to the Standing Rock Agency in South Dakota. Due to fears that he would use his influence to support the Ghost Dance movement, Indian Service agent James McLaughlin at Fort Yates ordered his arrest. During an ensuing struggle between Sitting Bull's followers and the agency police, Sitting Bull was shot in the side and head by Standing Rock policemen Lieutenant Bull Head (Tatankapah, Lakota: Tȟatȟáŋka Pȟá) and Red Tomahawk (Marcelus Chankpidutah, Lakota: Čhaŋȟpí Dúta), after the police were fired upon by Sitting Bull's supporters. His body was taken to nearby Fort Yates for burial. In 1953, his Lakota family exhumed what were believed to be his remains, reburying them near Mobridge, South Dakota, near his birthplace.


    4. Battle of Little Bighor

      The Battle of the Little Bighorn, known to the Lakota and other Plains Indians as the Battle of the Greasy Grass[12] and also commonly referred to as Custer's Last Stand, was an armed engagement between combined forces of the Lakota, Northern Cheyenne, and Arapaho tribes and the 7th Cavalry Regiment of the United States Army. The battle, which resulted in the defeat of U.S. forces, was the most significant action of the Great Sioux War of 1876. It took place on June 25–26, 1876, along the Little Bighorn River in the Crow Indian Reservation in southeastern Montana Territory.[13]

      The fight was an overwhelming victory for the Lakota, Northern Cheyenne, and Arapaho, who were led by several major war leaders, including Crazy Horse and Chief Gall, and had been inspired by the visions of Sitting Bull (Tȟatȟáŋka Íyotake). The U.S. 7th Cavalry, a force of 700 men, suffered a major defeat while under the command of Lieutenant Colonel George Armstrong Custer (formerly a brevetted major general during the American Civil War). Five of the 7th Cavalry's twelve companies were annihilated and Custer was killed, as were two of his brothers, a nephew and a brother-in-law. The total U.S. casualty count included 268 dead and 55 severely wounded (six died later from their wounds),[14]:244 including four Crow Indian scouts and at least two Arikara Indian scouts.

      Public response to the Great Sioux War varied in the immediate aftermath of the battle. Libbie Custer, Custer's widow, soon worked to burnish her husband's memory, and during the following decades Custer and his troops came to be considered iconic, even heroic, figures in American history. The battle, and Custer's actions in particular, have been studied extensively by historians.[15] Little Bighorn Battlefield National Monument honors those who fought on both sides.


    5. “There’s something wrong with every one of them,” HBC governor Sir George Simpson said of mixed-bloods, he who had many Indian children by many different Indian women, most of whom he did not acknowledge and did nothing for.


    6. I remembered a book my mother had owned, a biography of Gram’s granddad, Dr. John McLoughlin, and his brother and sister, entitled The McLoughlin Empire and Its Rulers.

      the caucasity.

    7. Gram Sullivan was the only nonwhite wife in that society. She didn’t participate in any of it, Mom said. She had no friends. When her hus­band and children went to the wakes and parties and dances and feasts. Gram stayed home alone.

      Reminds me of my dad.

    8. Mom didn’t expect to be chosen—partly because she didn't believe she was beautiful, ever, no matter what anyone said, and because she was years younger than the girls, of marriageable age, who did expect to be chosen

      a little creepy.

    9. No one there has ever asked me. as I’ve often been asked in New York and San Francisco, “What is your ethnic background?” They know what it is

      Back when I first arrived, people use to be able to clock I was from somewhere. It was particularly because of the way I spoke.

    10. “I want you to watch your aunts and listen to them. Observe them very carefully. You know why? Because the way those women are ... that’s just exactly the way women should not be.” I could learn a lot from them, Dad said.

      The organic intellectual that observes how the oppressors are oppressing themselves.

    11. She also had a reputation for not liking us, the children of my mother’s second marriage. (She remained on friendly terms with my mother's ex-husband, who was white, and saw the children—a boy and a girl—from this marriage regularly.)


    12. Several years before Gram Sullivan was born, General Sheridan had made his famous remark regarding the only good Indian being a dead Indian. I didn’t care to be a good Indian.

      "this is why "kill the indian and save the man" sounds progressive."

    13. “Don’t touch,” my mother warned me. “Don’t touch a thing, you hear?”

      incredible even tho that's their stuff.

    14. I would say, sooner than bring upon my offspring suchfoul corruption, sooner than bring into being the offspring of such a curse.H. H. Bancroft, The History of Oregon, 1884


    15. hat greater benefit to mankind than noble children.I never could understand how such men as fohn McLoughlin and James Douglascould endure the thought of having their name and honors descend to a degener­ate posterity.

      Lmao racist pos

    16. Hudson’s BayCompany

      After incorporation by English royal charter in 1670, the company functioned as the de facto government in parts of North America for nearly 200 years until the HBC sold the land it owned (the entire Hudson Bay drainage basin, known as Rupert's Land) to Canada in 1869 as part of the Deed of Surrender,[8][9] authorized by the Rupert's Land Act 1868. During its peak, the company controlled the fur trade throughout much of the English- and later British-controlled North America. By the mid-19th century, the company evolved into a mercantile business selling a wide variety of products from furs to fine homeware in a small number of sales shops (as opposed to trading posts) across Canada.[10][11] These shops were the first step towards the department stores the company owns today.[12]


    17. The Only Good Indian - Janet Campbell Hale | notes

      1.How do you react to, understand, and feel about the title?

      1. Notice how the narrator's and her mother's interpretation of their famous white ancestors differ. Since Janet Campbell Hale tells of those interpretations, she must find them significant. Why, do you think she does?

      3.The assimilation motto of the director of the Carlslile Indian Industrial School was "Kill the Indian and Save the Man". Why might Hale describe this saying as "humane and progressive"?

      4.One of the editors not only taught Hale's work but taught Hale herself. He had read of Hale's ancestry in Bloodlines: Odyssey of a Native Daughter (1993), the source of this essay, and had also heard in the classroom her thinking about solidarity or oneness. What did you think about this oneness, especially in Hale's telling of her relation to Gram?


    1. The Only Good Indian - Janet Campbell Hale | notes

      1.How do you react to, understand, and feel about the title?

      1. Notice how the narrator's and her mother's interpretation of their famous white ancestors differ. Since Janet Campbell Hale tells of those interpretations, she must find them significant. Why, do you think she does?

      3.The assimilation motto of the director of the Carlslile Indian Industrial School was "Kill the Indian and Save the Man". Why might Hale describe this saying as "humane and progressive"?

      4.One of the editors not only taught Hale's work but taught Hale herself. He had read of Hale's ancestry in Bloodlines: Odyssey of a Native Daughter (1993), the source of this essay, and had also heard in the classroom her thinking about solidarity or oneness. What did you think about this oneness, especially in Hale's telling of her relation to Gram?

    1. ypefaces designed specifically for screen readinglike Verdana, Tahoma, Georgia, or Azuro.

      screen reading typefaces

    2. Strategies for readable text

      Readable text strats

    3. Stick to Relevant Graphics


    4. The elements in TABLE 5.1 are recognized by the brain in under a second.

    5. Whether the same color is described as brown or orange,green or gray—even black or white

      That blue and black or white and gold dress meme!

    6. But what does this mean for educational design? It means that by knowing how our brains huntand focus, you can better guide learner brains in the right direction. For example, knowing thatour brains are designed to look for edges, movement, and specific colors, you can direct focusthrough content by strategically employing these features.


    7. pictorial depth, used by artists and set designers, like vanishing points, occlusion, and shadow,help us navigate the third dimension.

      Hello! there's my hobby.

    8. Designing for Perception and Visual ThinkingIt turns out that most of us are fairly deluded about how the whole vision thing works. Weassume that we look around and see our rich world in impressive detail, like some HD panoramiccamera.

      Your brain fills in a lot of the missing information as a way of rendering things quickly.

    9. People who get turned on by data,


    10. Therefore, it’s not so much that an appealing design makes an interface more effective, but that itmakes humans more effective. Thus, the human and the computer function better as a whole.This relationship between interface attractiveness and improved usability is known as theaesthetics-usability effect.
    11. Don Norman explains that this has to do with how emotionsaffect our ability to solve problems. Finding something attractive is pleasant. When we’re in amore positive mood, we’re more forgiving of interface obstacles, and we’re better able to solveproblems creatively.

      Who is deciding the Facebook changes then?

    12. “It seems thatperfection is reached not when there is nothing left to add, but when there is nothing left to takeaway.”

      different strokes for different folks.

    1. I needed in order to not be further behind on my graduation date. I am just planning to take this course and earn an A or B to satisfy my course requirements. Along the way I will learn many things like I did in my previous classes. I’m going to be honest, it's just to fill my course requirements. Usually when the semester rolls on I get interested in the class and learn many new things. So my hope for this course is to earn a good grade and to be more informed when it comes to anything that pertains to this course.


    1. Forgetting About the Medium

      ugh so many rules.

    2. Lack of Negative Space

      this one is a pain.

    3. Mismatching Fonts

      2-3 Fonts MAX.

    4. Another common mistake is to attempt to fit too many words into one line of text. For readability purposes, 50 to 60 characters per line is the ideal length.

      ideal length of a line.

    1. I know that this course specifically doesn't teach us how to use design apps, but I hope throughout the course I can build up my design skills through the various projects. 

      Post in the Q&A forum small tutorials you find useful.

    2. I grew up as a military child, so I have lived all over. For the past two years I have been a Pre-K teacher at a local charter school, but this upcoming year I have a new job at Fort Sam Houston ISD as a third grade teacher.


    1. Discussion Instructions

      You will not be able to see the other posts until you submit yours. Start a new thread, using your name. In your posting, structure your post using the following headings.

      1) My Writing Process-- you will describe your own writing process, from start to finish. Do not be general here. What do you need to get started? Total quiet or background noise? Write out by hand or use a computer? You get the idea... be descriptive and be reflective.

      2) Similarities and Differences to Jonathan's Process -- Describe how your process for writing a paper is similar to Jonathan's for writing a blog and how it is different.

      3) Revising My Process -- Was there anything that Jonathan offered in the video that you will adopt into your writing process? If so, what was it and why is it appealing to you? If you will not adopt anything from the video, explain why?

      Your posting should be no less than 200-250 words, using academic writing (but it can be longer-- just not shorter). Be thoughtful and be descriptive. Push yourself to be reflective. It will pay off at the end of the semester because you will return to this post for your final. When you reference Jonathan's process, don't assume that I know the video "by heart. " Be sure to summarize and/or describe his ideas, thoroughly. Show me how you develop your ideas when presented with information from a "source."

      You will also read and reply to one (1) of your peers. Your response should be about 50 words, and you can use informal prose.

    1. Read the attached PDF by Winograd, from pg. 61-67. You will have the opportunity to lead one of our discussions this semester. This article will help prepare you to be a successful discussion leader.

      After you have read the section assigned, go to the discussion forum, How to be a Great Moderator. You will post something that you learned from the article about how to moderate an online discussion. In this discussion forum, you will not be able to read anyone's posting until you post your advice/tip first. Create a thread, using your name.

      DO NOT copy and paste ANYTHING from the article. Show me your summary skills.

    2. They suggested that participation account for 30% of the course grade. It hasalso been proposed that the amount and quality of participation should be ableto raise or lower assessment by a full letter grade (Cifuentes et al., 1997).


    3. In aconference with little participation, Hacker and Wignall (1997) observed thatparticipation of students with low degrees of computer experience declinedsignificantly over time.

      As a technical support member, I can provide faculty with instructions and resolutions to their issues. As a future instructional designer, I should be helping them plan a way for them to walk students through the tools that they are using for discussion and communication.

    4. In a conference where posting is voluntary, it is common for only about20% of the participants to post even one message (Green, 1998; Rubin, 1996)

      Aaahhhh so frustrating.

    5. when interaction between learners is taken into account,Vrasidas and McIsaac (1999) found that structure tends to increase interaction;therefore, creating structure is one of the main tasks of a moderator.

      You could have moderators in a Teams group and rotate them, but make them part of controlling or guiding the conversation and grade them for it.

    6. Saba and Shearer (1994) maintained that, in a distance education course,structure is in opposition to dialogue.

      Yeah it is hard to have a dialogue from so far away.

    7. A moderator should find multiple methods of creat-ing salience, such as arranging comfortable electronic spaces for purely socialpurposes (Bull et al., 1992).

      Am I overthinking this, but how do you set this up?

    8. Do not lecture (Berge, 1995; Collins & Berge, 1996; Harasim et al.,1995; Paulsen, 1995)

      When I ran that book club meeting, I totally messed that part up.

    9. Model the intellectual tone for the conference (Bull, Harris, & Drucker,1992; Hiemstra, 1992). This cannot be stressed highly enough. Noviceusers of computer conferencing want to know exactly what is expectedof them and modeling the expected discourse with a well-crafted wel-come message at the start of a conference, goes a long way toward re-lieving the uncertainty of writing and posting messages.

      I think I am doing ok in that regard.

    10. Rheingold (1998) contended that “communities can’t bemanufactured, but you can design the conditions under which they are mostlikely to emerge, and encourage their growth when they do” (p. 2). In an edu-cationally oriented computer conference, although it is not a given that com-munity will occur, the chances are quite good because the community derives agood deal of its purpose, importance, and identity from the context of thecourse it supports.

      I guess I should step up a little in the discord

    11. Organizational Functions of a ModeratorThis set of functions is concerned with getting a conference established andcontinuing with functions that would help the conference run smoothly. Thislist starts with items that are important during the first few weeks of the confer-ence when problems are inevitable and solutions must quickly be found.

      I should review this again when we have the TTLC conference.


      Hark! Take note.

    13. In one case, when later askedwhy the course was dropped, the student explained that after she posted her in-troductory message, she expected the group to comment on what she had said.When this failed to happen, she became disheartened and left the group(Palloff & Pratt, 1999)

      Folks gotta, not just respond, but respond enthusiastically in order to keeping you coming.

    14. ROLES OF A MODERATORIn a survey of 156 moderators of online newsgroups, Collins and Berge(1997) found that they categorized their roles as follows

      Oh god, I did this at /r/ChapoTraphouse.

    1. My biggest joy came from going to concerts, I would go to concerts constantly whether they were close or far.

      what bands?

    2. I should be graduating with a bachelor’s in psychology next summer.


    1. She 4 years old, has the energy of monkey and talks all day nonstop. During this pandemic, the only way to keep her calm is by watching Disney movies all day. While she is entertained with princess movies, I clean, cook, catch up with my Netflix shows on my phone, and do homework.

      I know that feeling!

    1. urrently with CPS for whom I've been with for almost 6 years in August. I feel that working for CPS put into perspective exactly what I needed to go to school for. 

      My parents are foster parents!

    1. I have participated in zines where a group of creators collaborates to design a miniature magazine set on a topic and goal.


    2. Now, I study social work full time so that I can represent my community rather than corporations. I intend to graduate in December of 2021 so that I can continue into graduate school where I will study social work on a master's level.


    3. disenfranchised

      there's that word!

    4. I had the aspirations for formal education on a graduate level. After oscillating between Creative Writing, Psychology, and Nursing, I finally decided on the professional degree of Social Work.

      feels like a combination of all of these?