98 Matching Annotations
  1. Nov 2019
    1. Threat or Threatened? Russia in the Era of NATO Expansion

      How have actions of the West undermined its credibility with Russia? Annotate an action and explain your reasoning!

    1. Russia’s Clash With the West Is About Geography, Not Ideology

      *Identify the actions taken by various world leaders that demonstrate how the distrust between the US and the Soviet Union/Russia!

  2. Oct 2019
    1. Chippewa reservation

      Chippewa reservation is one of the biggest natives live in Northern America. They are often called as Ojibway Indians, also being one of the largest groups of American Indians in North America. There are nearly 150 different bands of Chippewa in the northern part of the United States and in southern Canada.

    2. Van Cortlandt Park

      A park in the Bronx.

    3. Bronx

      Alexandria ocasio Cortez's county. also third most populous county in the U.S.

    4. Greenwich Village

      It's a neighborhood in Manhattan, and is notoriously expensive to live. The prices would be comparable to Shanghai's sky-high prices. Heck, it's so notable it's simply known as "the village" by locals.

      Source from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greenwich_Village.

    5. New England

      New England is a region compose of six states in the U.S.

      The region played a critical role of abolishing slavery in the country. It is also the first region shifting by the Industrial Revolution.

      Source from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_England.

    6. Bellevue

      Bellevue is a city in the Eastside region of King County, Washington, United States, across Lake Washington from Seattle. It is well known for its rapid growing within preserving its suburban aspect.

    7. North Dakota

      It is a U.S. state where its capitalBismarck and its largest city is Fargo.

      Source from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/North_Dakota.

    8. Cold Spring Harbor

      Cold Spring Harbor rose as a whaling community in the mid-nineteenth century. But after the decline of the whaling industry, it became a resort town in the1860s. Source from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cold_Spring_Harbor,_New_York.

    9. Norwood

      Norwood was long used as a hunting ground by Native Americans and was settled by the English in 1678. It is located in Norfolk County, Massachusetts, United States as part of Great Boston area. See the location on the map below.

      Source from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Norwood,_Massachusetts.

    10. Alaska

      Alaska is the northernmost and the westernmost state in the United States as the only noncontiguous state on continental North America. See the location on the map below. Source from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alaska.

  3. Sep 2019
  4. May 2019
    1. Hertfordshire

      "A county of south-eastern England, one of the Home Counties; county town, Hertford" (OED).

    2. Kent

      "A county of the south-eastern coast of England; county town, Maidstone" (OED). .jpg&action=MediaGallery)

    3. Rosings

      Fictional estate of Lady Catherine located in Kent, near Hunsford Parsonage.

      Image of the set of the 1995 BBC version of Pride & Prejudice.

    4. Parsonage

      "The church house provided for a rector...the house of any beneficed member of the clergy of the Church of England; the residence of any minister of religion" (OED).

  5. Apr 2019
    1. Isle of Wight

      The Isle of Wight is an island off the south coast of England. It’s known for its beaches and seafront promenades.

    2. Burton on Trent

      Burton on Trent (also called Burton upon Trent) is a major brewery town on the River Trent in East Staffordshire, England. It was known for producing foodstuffs, hosiery, knitting machines, and steel goods.

    3. Chichester

      a city of of West Sussex in South-East England, approximately six miles from the nearest coast

    1. The Piri Reis map is a world map compiled in 1513 from military intelligence by the Ottoman admiral and cartographer Piri Reis (pronounced [piɾi ɾeis]). Approximately one third of the map survives; it shows the western coasts of Europe and North Africa and the coast of Brazil with reasonable accuracy. Various Atlantic islands, including the Azores and Canary Islands, are depicted, as is the mythical island of Antillia and possibly Japan. The map's historical importance lies in its demonstration of the extent of global exploration of the New World by approximately 1510, and in its claim to have used a map of Christopher Columbus, otherwise lost, as a source. Piri also stated that he had used ten Arab sources and four Indian maps sourced from the Portuguese. More recently, the map has been the focus of claims for the pre-modern exploration of the Antarctic coast.
  6. Feb 2019
  7. Dec 2018
  8. Oct 2018
  9. Aug 2018
    1. "As these various commentaries suggest, teaching itself carries a moral dimension. Indeed, Professor Bernard Crick, a member of the UK Government's citizenship advisory group, has identified geography as having a

      potential role to play in teaching political liter- acy and social and moral responsibility (Lambert, 1999)." 489.

    2. "Cloke's solution is for geographers to develop stronger connections between their

      academic and nonacademic lives. His argu- ment echoes Robin Kearns' (2001) earlier call

      for a more 'compassionate geography' (see also Smith, 1998; Gleeson and Kearns, 2001) as

      well as feminist refrains ofthe 'personal is polit- ical and slogans such as 'act local, think global'." 484

    3. Doreen Massey junto A Cloke y a Martin (2001): "Although Doreen Massey (2002) balks at the inference that the only way to be politically or socially relevant is to produce answers for government and inform government policy, she too recognizes the need for geographers to be more engaged

      beyond the academy and to construct popu- lar and political geographical imaginations." 284

    4. "identifies a tension between the ease with which we talk and write about geographies of ethics," 483

  10. www.dropbox.com www.dropbox.com
    1. As Glacken points out, Plato missed the chance to change the whole history of speculation concerning man-land relations by identifying the individual as destructive agent.

      “As Glacken points out, Plato missed the chance to change the whole history of speculation concerning man-land relations by identifying the individual as destructive agent.” (P. 24)

    2. At least five different kinds of questions of geographic character can be investi­gated: (1

      5 preguntas: Genéricas: con un vasto compendio de herramientas conceptuales que requiere para no perderse. Genéticas: Tienen que ver con los cambios geográficos en el tiempo. Tiene que ver con geografía histórica Teoréticas: Que juegan entre métodos deductivos e inductivos Remediales: Que buscan aplicar conceptos de la geografía a problemas concretos en el campo social, económico, político. Metodológicas: Que tienen que ver con la experimentación de nuevos métodos de estudio, nuevas técnicas de observación o análisis y nuevos métodos cartográficos

    3. geographer is a person who asks questions about the significance of place, location, distance, direction, spread, and spatial succession. The geographer deals with problems of accessibility, innovation diffusion, density, and other derivatives of relative location

      Qué hace un geógrafo?

      “Geography has always had a holistic tradition, so that it comes as no intellectual shock to study systems or interconnected parts of diverse origin. Geography is closed involved with cartography in the development and use of maps, which are ideally suited that are ideally suited to the study of complex location factors. A geographer is a person who ask questions about the significance of place, distance, direction, spread and spatial succession. The geographer deals with problems of accesibility, innovation diffusion, density, and other derivatives of relative location.” 8

    4. The first amazing period of intellectual ferment that is part of the written tradi­tion of the Western world took place in ancient Greece, culminating in the fourth and third centuries b.c

      El primer momento de fermento inteleectual en el mundo occidental entre la grecia antigua y el 4 y 5 siglo antes de cristo

    5. The new geography began in Germany in 1874, when departments of geography headed by scholars with the rank of professor were established in the German universities.

      1874-> Inicio de la geografía moderna con el establecimiento de departamentos de geografía en Alemania. Luego Francia, Gran Bretaña y Rusia. Estados Unidos

    6. To create a professional field, three conditions had to be satisfied.

      Tres condiciones para un campo profesional:

      1. Un cuerpo de conceptos, imágenes y una forma particular de hacer preguntas.
      2. Existencia de asociaciones, publicaciones y departamentos que impartan la disciplina
      3. Que exista un campo de acción en el que a los egresados de las escuelas les les pague por lo que hacen
    7. Two major periods are defined. The first period extends for thousands of years from the shadowy beginnings of geographical thought to the year 1859. This is the classical period, during which relatively little attention was paid to the definition of separate fields of study

      Periodos de la historia de la geografía Clasico: Hasta 1859

    1. his importance liesboth in the way he understands geography as a coun-terbalance to history, and in terms of the organization ofknowledge. For Kant, all perceived things are located inlogical classifications, such as those of Linnaeus; and inspace and time.

      Geografía como contrapeso de la historia

    2. This leads Kant to what he calls ‘moralgeography,’ which looks at the customs and characters ofdifferent peoples and some outdated and discreditedviews of race. K
    3. Space and time are, therefore,determined in advance in Kant’s thought, the materialworld is understood before it is experienced, and there-fore, what we experience is conditioned by our priorknowledge.

      "Espacio y tiempo son parte de nuestro aparato peceptivo, pero no podemos experimentar el espacio y el tiempo" para fraseando, sacar varias conclusiones importantes para el conocimiento: usamos herramientas para entender el mundo antes de experimentarlo y la forma en que lo hacemos está determinada por nuestro entendimiento. En otras palabras, experimentamos según lo que entendemos

    4. e suggests, cruciallyfor geographers, that space and time area prioriconcepts– that is they precede experience – which serve tostructure the world we perceive. He calls these thetranscendental esthetic, from the Greekaisthesis, per-ception.

      Para la geografía, espacio y tiempo son conceptos a priori

  11. Jun 2018
  12. May 2017
    1. Trans-Mountain oil pipeline

      This is a very controversial oil pipeline that runs from Edmonton to Vancouver. This pipeline was built in the 1950s by Kinder Morgan in order to bring oil from Alberta to British Columbia when large oil deposits were discovered. This pipeline had a lot of political drive behind not only from the Canadian government but also the United States who wanted easier oil access on the west coast. The United States was in the middle of the Korean War and wanted to have more secure oil contact. The pipeline had a lot of resistance from other environmentalist groups because it ran through areas that would later be named national parks. However today, there is another pipeline that is being proposed by Kinder Morgan that runs almost parallel to the pre-existing one. The intent of the new pipeline is to bring more oil to the west coast of Canada in order to keep up with the growing oil market in Asia. The new pipeline was approved by British Columbia in January 2017 but the decision immediately faced resistance from the public. Many people are skeptical of a new pipeline because of Kinder Morgan's track record with spills in the past. A journalists from Vancouver writes "British Columbians will continue to fight this decision in the courts and on the streets well past next spring's election." This pipeline is a good example compared to the Mackenzie Valley Pipeline that is in a similar situation right now. There has been a new pipeline proposed there as well that is supported by the oil companies but many citizens and environmental groups are resisting it. "British Columbia nod to pipeline expansion." Oil & Gas News, January 16, 2017. Global Reference on the Environment, Energy, and Natural Resources (accessed May 7, 2017). http://find.galegroup.com/grnr/infomark.do?&source=gale&idigest=6f8f4a3faafd67e66fa023866730b0a1&prodId=GRNR&userGroupName=bucknell_it&tabID=T004&docId=A477938750&type=retrieve&PDFRange=%5B%5D&contentSet=IAC-Documents&version=1.0. "Kinder Morgan - EHS - Pipeline Safety." HOUWWWP1. Accessed May 07, 2017. http://www.kindermorgan.com/pages/ehs/pipeline_safety/default.aspx.

    2. Alberta-British Columbia

      Alberta-British Columbia is a region in south western Canada. This region is where the proposed pipeline would be travelling through to get to the lower parts of Canada and Vancouver as well as the United States. This region is home to foothill forests which are very interesting ecosystem that is only found at this latitude. The foothill forests border the Canadian taiga forests from the north and the temperate forests from the south. This combination makes the foothill forests a very unique community which is known as an ecotone because it works as a buffer in between two other ecosystems. This ecosystem is home to a variety of fauna such as moose, reindeers, snowshoe hares, and beavers. This area is home to the most abundant moose populations in the world. Forests have become increasingly vulnerable to mortality due to the direct and indirect effects of climate change and human activity. "In Western Canada, recent increases in the frequency and severity of natural disturbances in forests, such as wildfires, pest outbreaks, and droughts, have been attributed to a changing climate" Like many other ecosystems in the north, the foothill forests are facing major problems due to climate change. Moose populations are dropping due to new diseases that are prevalent because of the warmer year round temperatures. This phenomenon is being experienced all over the northern part of the United States and southern Canada.

      Hajjar, Reem, and Robert A. Kozak. "Exploring public perceptions of forest adaptation strategies in Western Canada: Implications for policy-makers." Forest Policy and Economics 61 (2015): 59+. Global Reference on the Environment, Energy, and Natural Resources (accessed May 6, 2017). http://find.galegroup.com/grnr/infomark.do?&source=gale&idigest=6f8f4a3faafd67e66fa023866730b0a1&prodId=GRNR&userGroupName=bucknell_it&tabID=T002&docId=A437244896&type=retrieve&PDFRange=%5B%5D&contentSet=IAC-Documents&version=1.0.

  13. Apr 2017
    1. If you do want synchronization , this is the default, so you can simply continue by pressing the Add button to add the next tab. I

      I was wondereing if we could add pop-ups for points if incase we missed a point mapping in GeoJson. Thank you

  14. Feb 2017
  15. Jan 2017
    1. landed at Malaga the first place where she heard of your worship was Osuna.”

      mention of real paces still existing today.

    1. n a village of La Manch

      Don Quixote is from a village called La Mancha of Spain. This village is where the story begins and plays a large part in who Don Quixote is. From this village Don Quixote was quipped, by himself, as Don Quixote de La Mancha.

  16. Oct 2016
  17. Aug 2016
    1. California Crisis

      Geographical limiters and case studies.

    2. California prison situ-ation represents an extremeversion of what many pris-oners’-rights advocates andlaw-enforcement officials calla national crisis created by thenation’s incarceration boom

      Look for specific geographical regions that may help focus your topic or supply specific case studies, examples, or stories.

  18. Jul 2016
    1. Languedoc

      A territory in the south of France.

    2. Fonterabia

      Also Fuenterrabia or Hondarribia, a town on the west shore of the Bidasoa River's mouth in Spain.

    3. Bourdeaux

      A port city on the Garonne River in southwestern France.

    4. Pampeluna

      Pamplona, the capital city of Navarre. (Navarre itself is an autonomous community within Spain.)

    5. Rochell

      La Rochelle, a seaport city in France adjacent to the Bay of Biscay.

    6. Bay of Biscay

      A bay off the coast of Europe, adjacent to France and Spain.

    7. Torbay

      A borough in Devon in the southern coast of England.

    8. Algerine

      People from Algeria

    9. Leeward Islands

      A cluster of small islands east of Puerto Rico, including the modern US and British Virgin Islands and Guadeloupe.

    10. Alicant

      A Spanish port city on the Costa Blanca

    11. Islands


    12. New Spain

      Spain's New World land holdings, spanning modern-day Mexico, the southwestern United States, and northern regions of South America

  19. Jun 2016
  20. May 2016
    1. Leaden-hall Market

      A covered market in Gracechurch Street, London, dating from the fourteenth century

    2. Spanish Dominions

      Spain's colonies at this time included Venezuela and Colombia, so Crusoe's island is probably located off the northern coast of South America.

    3. W. S. W.


  21. Mar 2016
    1. 9 Degrees 22 Minutes North

      The 9th parallel north intersects both Colombia and Venezuela, from which we can estimate that Crusoe's island is somewhere off the northern coast of South America. [Insert map here.]

    2. Carrible-Islands

      Caribbean islands

    3. beyond the River Amozones, toward that of the River Oronoque, commonly call’d the Great River

      The Amazon River extends from Peru through Brazil, and the Orinoco River from Venezuela to Colombia. [Insert map here.] These details help the reader to estimate whereabouts Crusoe's island is.

    4. so that he found he was gotten upon the Coast of Guinea

      This clause can be rather misleading: Defoe means here not Guinea, the African country for which Crusoe was bound, but the Guianas, a region in South America to the north of Brazil. [Insert map here.]

    5. 7 Degrees 22 Min.

      The degree, the primary unit if latitude, can be subdivided twice into smaller units: each degree consists of 60 minutes, and each minute of 60 seconds.

    6. Isle Fernand de Noronha

      An archipelago off the coast of Brazil, northwest of Cape St. Augustine. [Insert map here.]

    7. Cape St. Augustino

      [Insert map of Brazil depicting the Cape St. Augustine here.]

    8. Guinea

      An country south of Guinea-Bissau and north of Sierra Leone, along the west coast of Africa. [insert map here]

    9. St. Salvadore

      [Insert a map of Brazil with Salvador highlighted here]

    10. Bay de Todos los Santos, or All-Saints Bay

      A bay near Salvador. [Insert map of Brazil with the Bay of All-Saints highlighted here.]

    11. the River Gambia or Sennegall, that is to say, any where about the Cape de Verd

      The area south of Morocco, near modern Senegal, was an epicenter for British trade in salt and slaves. [Insert map of west coast of Africa here.]

    12. the Islands of the Canaries, and the Cape de Verd Islands also, lay not far off from the Coast

      There is a geographical inconsistency here. Crusoe and Xury are somewhere along the southwest Moroccan coast if the Canary Islands are close by. Therefore, they are to the southwest of their starting point at Sale, which is in northwest Morocco. However, Crusoe claims to have sailed south and east of Sale - this is, in fact, impossible, since traveling southeast of Sale would entail "sailing" inland. [Insert map of Morocco and Canary Islands here]

    13. Barbarian Coast

      The North African coast, between Tripoli and Morocco.

    14. Cadiz

      A coastal city in southwest Spain [insert map of Spain here]

  22. Feb 2016
    1. Yarmouth Roads

      A stretch of sea east of the coastal town of Great Yarmouth, in the English county of Norfolk.

    2. Hull

      A coastal town in southeast Yorkshire.

    3. Humber

      A river dividing the counties of Yorkshire and Lincolnshire along the east coast of England, far to the north of London.

  23. Dec 2015
    1. All of that is to say that this essay is the outcome not only of the individuals who wrote it, but also of the places that we have inhabited throughout the process.

      Places as actants.

    2. We also want to challenge people to think deeply about space, construct maps that demonstrate an awareness of social contexts, and critique these very same maps.
    1. There are many other questions. Of course existing systems on the earth may be very much influenced by the geographical reality of a two-dimensional surface. Historical groups have been nested geographically. So though there may be aspects in which community size is scale-free, that maybe a completely different optimisation problem from the one we have when on the Internet anyone can connect to anyone. If you could devise an algorithm for connecting people into groups, and so that they each participated in communities of different sizes in a scale-free way, then how much more effective (at solving problems, etc) can you make a web-based society which ignores geographical borders? To what extent does humanity as currently connected by the web in fact deviate from geographical nesting anyway?
  24. Oct 2015
    1. that the clear distinction which once existed between the urban and the rural is gradually fading into a set of porous spaces of uneven geographical development, under the hegemonic command of capital and the state.

      Is this result what society had in mind during the planning or not so planning and action driven part of the process of this development?

  25. May 2015