113 Matching Annotations
  1. Jul 2024
    1. you can't as one person you know solve a global problem like this it's you starts at a 00:34:58 CommunityWide level

      for - validation - cosmolocal community organization - validation - TPF - validation - Living Cities Earth

    2. we are going to need decentralized networks of communities figuring out how to support one another

      for - validation - cosmolocal community organization - validation - TPF - validation - Living Cities Earth

    3. if you could get everyone on the planet to do one thing what would it be and she said stay exactly where you are and figure out 00:33:30 what it is that you can do in your local

      for - cosmolocal movement - validation - Jay Griffith - leverage point - cosmolocal - validation - TPF - validation - Living Cities Earth

  2. May 2024
  3. Apr 2024
    1. essential Aliveness,

      aliveness - Living Cities Earth alignment

      comment - There is a contradiction here - Aliveness is already dualistic because it ignores death, but this is

  4. Mar 2024
  5. Feb 2024
    1. Am Beispiel Hamburgs hat die TAZ ausgerechnet, wieviel städtischer Raum durch die verkehrswende bis 2030 zur Verfügung gestellt werden kann. Wenn der Verkehr weiter so abnimmt wie in den vergangenen Jahren, sind es etwa 2.750.000 Quadratmeter. https://taz.de/Was-Staedte-durch-weniger-Autos-gewinnen/!5986938/

  6. Jan 2024
    1. Bologna hat am 16. Jänner fast überall im Stadtgebiet eine Höchstgeschwindigkeit von 30 Stundenkilometern eingeführt - vor allem, um die Sicherheit im Straßenverkehr zu erhöhen. Der rechtspopulistische Infrastrukturminister Salvini von der Lega versucht diese Maßnahme teilweise rückgängig zu machen. Die Entwicklung in Bologna wird für viele andere italienische Städte Modellcharakter haben. https://www.repubblica.it/green-and-blue/2024/01/22/news/bologna_30_km_ora_proteste_mobilita_limite_velocita-421938294/

  7. Dec 2023
  8. Nov 2023
      • for: regenerative cities, living cities, urban permaculture, Pocket hoods, relocalization, Mark Lakeman, Portland villages, people-oriented city-villages, city-village, pocket neighborhood, communititecture, urban planning, urban planning - city villages

      • summary

        • Mark gives a tour of his work at his company, Communittecture in applying permaculture principles to redesign communities in urban environments.
        • The central focus is designing based on commons principles of actually creating lived environments where healthy socialization is a primary design objective.
        • The design involves creating common areas that residents can share, from common food gardens to many mini-parks and recreation areas where families can gather.
        • The modern community has alienated socialization, creating groups of juxtapositioned strangers. There are two different design categories:
          • retrofitting existing neighborhoods
          • designing greenfield new neighborhoods
      • reference

      • for: future cities - Africa, CommuniTgrow, urban planning - Africa, African cities, futures - African cities, 2 Billion Strong, Gita Govin, Richard Rubin, Alistair Rendall

      • title:

        • 2 Billion Strong
          • A Regenerative Solution to Building Sustainable African Cities
      • author
        • Gita Govin
        • Richard Rubin
        • Alistair Rendall
      • date: 2012
      • summary
        • This book outlines the vision from sustainable architectural firm CommuniTGrow for a template for a future sustainable African city. The first project launching in 2024 is the Milkwood Development in Cape Town:
  9. Oct 2023
    1. these villages are so old, they are  working on the old patterns. And the old pattern,   which is the pattern that I am promoting, is  that land management is based on the watershed
      • for: redistrict cities - based on watersheds, watershed - urban permaculture, urban climate action, climate action - urban scale

      • summary

  10. Sep 2023
  11. Aug 2023
    1. So far, smart city systems are being set up to appropriate and commercialize individual and community data. So far, communities are not waking up to the realization that a capacity they need is being stolen from them before they have it.”
      • for: smart cities, doughnut cities, cosmolocal, downscaled planetary boundaries, cross-scale translation of earth system boundaries, TPF, community data, local data, open data, community data ownership, quote, quote - Garth Graham, quote - community owned data
      • quote
      • paraphrase
        • Innovation in the creation and sustainability of social institutions acts predominantly at the local level.
        • In the Internet of Things, for those capacities to emerge in smart cities, communities need the capacity to own and analyse the data created that models what they are experiencing.
        • Local data needs to be seen as a common, pool resource.
        • Where that occurs, communities will have the capacity to learn or innovate their way forward.
        • So far, smart city systems are being set up to appropriate and commercialize individual and community data.
        • So far, communities are not waking up to the realization that a capacity they need is being stolen from them before they have it.
      • author: Garth Graham
        • leader of Telecommunities Canada
    1. beautiful cities have six qualities
      • for: beautiful cities - qualities, comparison - American vs European cities
      • paraphrase
        • qualities of a beautiful city
          • orderly, but not homogenous
          • they have visible life
          • they are compact, not sprawling
          • have both orientation and mystery
          • appealing scale with ideal height of 5 stories
    1. aybe that's the most 00:06:49 important thing um where uh would just citizen science or participatory science dialogue with really uh inclusive participation play a role in the r d 00:07:05 programs of the future in what you're kind of thinking about yeah so so um i i i framed this this r d program that is it's conceptual at the 00:07:18 time it's not funded yet you know i'm hoping that we can secure funds but i frame it as a partnership between this global science community and local communities 00:07:29 so it's very so dialogue with the public and within the science community and among interested stakeholders is extremely important
      • for: earth system boundaries, cosmolocal, local movement, transition town, circular cities, TPF
      • comment
        • integrating science with local communities
        • this statement is key, to bring extra capacity to communities that are handicapped and don't have scientific, technological and engineering capacity -paraphrase
      • This project is a collaboration between the global scientific community and local communities to improve societal systems. It's not a one-size-fits-all process, but many different experiments.
      • TPF and SRG strategy is well aligned with Science-driven societal transformation ethos:
    1. we hope that in the future you want 00:16:18 to be a part of the decentralized city that we're building that we're already starting to expand the nodes all over the world and we think there will be thousands more of them that start to form these decentralized uh almost 00:16:30 city-states
      • for: regenerative cities, sustainable cities, doughnut cities, earth system boundaries, urban planetary boundaries, circular cities
      • comment
        • if they are envisioning a lot of cities, they need to carefully think about earth system boundaries for each city, otherwise, they will simply be adding to the problem of cascading tipping points.
        • They also have to be designed to be climate resilient as extreme weather will make any human settlement of the future very challenging
    2. how do you how do you think about what that community looks like and how you communicate that because in many senses you could say obviously you're hoping to build utopia 00:09:30 not dystopia right but but utopia and dystopia are different things with different people right and you could start out on this journey with uh with everyone saying we're going 00:09:42 to go to here point point a and then actually they decide their life changes they have a family or whatever they want to go over here and they put a lot of time into this or and equally point a could actually end up not looking like what they want to to be 00:09:55 part of how are you managing that journey for the people as part of the path
      • for: intentional community, intentional communities, DAO community, decentralized cities, Jonathan Hillis, Nora Bateson, intentional communities - failure
      • comment
        • this is a critical question
        • unfortunately, many people have tried living in intentional communities over many decades and the success rate is not high
        • listen to what Nora Bateson has to say about her experience of living in idealistic intentional communities and why they fail



      • for: decentralized cities, DAO city, intentional community, intentional communities
      • Description
        • Jonathan Hillis is interviewed about his decentralized cities project
  12. Jul 2023
    1. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b1_RKu-ESCY

      Lots of controversy over this music video this past week or so.

      In addition to some of the double entendre meanings of "we take care of our own", I'm most appalled about the tacit support of the mythology that small towns are "good" and large cities are "bad" (or otherwise scary, crime-ridden, or dangerous).

      What are the crime statistics per capita about the safety of small versus large?

      Availability bias of violence and crime in the big cities are overly sampled by most media (newspapers, radio, and television). This video plays heavily into this bias.

      There's also an opposing availability bias going on with respect to the positive aspects of small communities "taking care of their own" when in general, from an institutional perspective small towns are patently not taking care of each other or when they do its very selective and/or in-crowd based rather than across the board.

      Note also that all the news clips and chyrons are from Fox News in this piece.

      Alternately where are the musicians singing about and focusing on the positive aspects of cities and their cultures.

    1. In der Liberation bezweifelt der Architekt Albert Levi, dass der Plan der Stadt Paris für die Klimaanpassung ausreichend sein wird, um eine unerträgliche Erhitzung und insbesondere die Bildung von Urbanen Hitze-Inseln zu verhindern. Geplant sind 60 Hektar zusätzlicher grünräume, die Entsiegelung von 30 bis 65% aller Parzellen, ein Verbot von Hochhäusern und des Fans von Bäumen. Levi kritisiert, dass die Verdichtungspolitik der vergangenen Jahre nicht gestoppt wird und eine Intensivierung des Tourismus geplant ist. Der Artikel verweist auf wichtige Dokumente zur Vorbereitung der Klimaanpassung in Paris. https://www.liberation.fr/idees-et-debats/tribunes/paris-face-au-rechauffement-climatique-mauvais-plan-20230630_FEFN6PDVJJCXJK2NYAFIE2YZFU/

  13. Jun 2023
    1. Henry Grabar schillert in einem neuen Buch ausführlich die Folgen des parkens für amerikanische Städte. In den USA wird mehr Fläche für das Parken als für das wohnen verwendet. Allein um Houston in Texas herum wurde in den letzten Jahrzehnten eine Fläche, die dem Land Belgien entspricht, versiegelt. Die verkehrsemissionen sind der größte Teil des enormen amerikanischen treibhausgasausstoßes. Das Buch behandelt gründlich alle Aspekte des Themas und stellt Alternativen vor.https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2023/may/26/paved-paradise-book-americans-cars-climate-crisis

  14. May 2023
  15. Apr 2023
  16. Mar 2023
    1. Cities exchange people, energy and goods with their local and global hinterlands9,10. Companies work with others across their value chains, near and far. Both interact with each other. We found that the top 200 cities with the largest greenhouse-gas emissions host the headquarters of 360 of the top 500 emitting companies. More than 50% of these cities and companies are in water-stressed areas, including Mexico City, Santiago, Beijing, Madrid, New Delhi, Rome, Istanbul in Turkey and Phoenix, Arizona.
      • Comment
      • large cities are often linked to large corporate headquarters.
      • depending on accounting techniques, this could bring a larger share of ESBs to a city
    2. Yet few cities and companies currently have such targets.
      • Paraphrase
      • Few cities currently have science-based targets (SBT)
      • Only 22 of 500 top greenhouse gas emitting companies set targets in line with SBT (Bloomberg Terminal)
      • Only 110 of the top 200 cities with the highest emissions had "net zero" pledges aligned with Paris Agreement.
      • Numbers are lower or missing for biodversity or other ESBs.
      • Comment
      • Setting such SBTs for cities is in effect downscaling Planetary Boundaries.
    1. future work should calculate the Planetary Boundaries globally for each ecosystem first, and then downscale them by country.
  17. Jan 2023
    1. if sustainability requires a sustainable democracy, then cities may be the places where democracy is most sustainable. Democratic states are seriously compromised and increasingly dysfunctional in addressing climate change. Democratic cities still hold the promise of real change. They kindle optimism in citizens who are pessimistic about political parties and national politics. In sustaining the planet, the world’s cities may be its last best hope.

      !- claim : coordinated action among cities and their citizens may be our best last hope for effective climate and other action at global scale

    2. Much of what they do can be done without eliciting the ire of nation-states. Bike shares, pedestrian zones, insulated buildings, renovated port facilities, congestion fees, car emission limits, furnace specifications, fuel upgrades (from oil to gas to alternative energy) and white paint roofs, for example, are only some of the innovations city officials can promote to effect significant reductions in emissions and pollutants.

      !- cities actions : can be done without eliciting ire of nation state - bike shares - pedestrian zones - insulated buildings - renovated ports - congestion fees - car emission limits - furnace specifications - fuel upgrades - white paint roofs - cities are the right level for focusing on effective global climate action

    3. here states have grown dysfunctional and sovereignty has become an obstacle to global democratic action—as when the United States (or China, France, or Canada) refuses to compromise its sovereignty by permitting the international monitoring of carbon emissions on its soil—cities have increasingly proven themselves capable of deliberative democratic action on behalf of sustainability, as they have actually done in intercity associations like the C-40 or ICLEI. If presidents and prime ministers cannot summon the will to work for a sustainable planet, mayors can. If citizens of the province and nation think ideologically and divisively, neighbors and citizens of the towns and cities think publicly and cooperatively.

      !- claim : cities can mitigate corrupted democracy and foster global cooperation - ie. C40 or ICLEI (also Covenant of Mayors) - cities are not plagued by the problems of state actors who cannot reach any meaningful agreement at COP conferences

    4. A deliberative democracy in which competent citizens participate in policy decisions about the long-term challenges facing their society is an ideal setting for confronting the threat of climate change. Democratic deliberation is designed to help selfish individuals reformulate their interests in the language of the communities to which they belong—to allow them to move from “me thinking” to “we thinking” and to substitute long-term, future-minded thinking for the short-term, present-minded, special-interest thinking. It allows private opinion to be shaped by shared belief and the discipline of inter-subjective (“scientific”) knowledge.

      !- Key concept : deliberative democracy of competent, participative citizens driving long term policy decisions is ideal for confronting climate change - transform self-centered individual to group-centered - shift from Me to We (invert the M) - shift from short term to long term thinking - intersubjective scientific knowledge

    5. Democracy and Climate Change: How Cities Can Do What States Can’t

      !- Title: Democracy and Climate Change: How Cities Can Do What States Can't !- Author: Benjamin Barber

  18. Dec 2022
    1. f we can't get food services to them, it becomes easier to break those large cities up into smaller communities that are more decentralized.

      !- Futures Thinking : Maslow's Hierarchy framing for Food - may need to break up large cities to a network of smaller, decentralized communities, each responsible for their own food production

  19. Nov 2022
    1. Sehenswerte interaktive Reportage über die Folgen der Erhitzung für das Alltagsleben in Basra und Kuwait City. Die Reportage demonstriert deutlich, dass Reiche und Arne sehr unterschiedlich betroffen sind, und dass die Hitze den gesamten Alltag verändert. Gezeigt werden auch die dramatische Zerstörung der Natur in südlichen Irak.

  20. Sep 2022
    1. onlyapproximately 10 to 15 percent of those in poverty do so

      Only 10 to 15 percent of people who live in poverty live in high-poverty, inner-city neighborhoods.



  21. Aug 2022
  22. Jun 2022
    1. an “empowering game” aimed at 8-14 year old children to support behavioural change leading to achieve energy reduction in social housing

      I feel like if you're trying to get youth engaged with energy reduction/mindful energy use, you should make it a community thing (especially in social housing??!!). Trusted adults, mentors, and community leaders should be heading these education initiatives, not isolating games, however "empowering" they may be.

    2. the institutional response to smart innovation is based on an evaluative mechanism which is driven by metrics of efficiency and a rationale of technocratic and post-political governance

      This reminds me of various criticisms of smart cities' reliance on data for both operation and evaluation, as there are ways of knowing that data completely overlooks and, perhaps, can never truly see.

      See The City is Not a Computer.

    3. While claiming to increase meaningful forms of direct participation, neoliberal governance works within structuring bureaucratic and ideological path dependencies and often hinges on computational forms of participation which are set already within circumscribed software environments and solution

      Can we pivot our approach to smart city initiatives away from this? Is it possible to sustain a development model that prioritizes the lived experiences and vocalized needs of a community rather than the assessments of project leaders?

    4. “As neoliberal citizenship sets loose the individual to take care of itself, it also discursively binds the individual to the well-being of the whole”

      What is preferable? I feel like we should start with the well-being of the whole and individuate from there; technosocial urbanism emphasizes applying tech to social issues, but why don't we set the bone before providing a crutch?

    5. ather than fostering subversive ideals of experimentation, city hacking or beta-version infrastructures, smart innovation appears more an exercise of replication via short-term and risk-averse finance

      I'm hearing crypto whispering on the wind...

    6. here are concerns as to the extent to which smart city practices in regeneration programmes, such as Living Labs and hackathons, might

      ... act rather as a magnet for the in-flow and retention of ‘creative classes’ and as gateways for gentrification."

      I agree. There needs to be a focus on pursuing smart city initiatives with the help of local talent and in harmony with the existing community rather than bringing in outside actors, who run the risk of trying to effect change without a thorough understanding of the city as it stands.

  23. Feb 2022
    1. In crowded housing markets in large cities, house flipping is often viewed as a driver of inequality.

      If house flipping is viewed as a driver of inequality in crowded housing markets in larger cities, what spurs it on? What do the economics look like and how can the trend be combatted?

      What effect does economic speculation have?

    2. So to attract newcomers, towns have attempted a dizzying array of stunts and initiatives.

      Have they considered consolidation? Abandon three or four cities to aggregate into one?

    3. “When I moved to Kansas,” Roberts said, “I was like, ‘holy shit, they’re giving stuff away.’”

      This sounds great, but what are the "costs" on the other side? How does one balance out the economics of this sort of housing situation versus amenities supplied by a community in terms of culture, health, health care, interaction, etc.? Is there a maximum on a curve to be found here? Certainly in some places one is going to overpay for this basket of goods (perhaps San Francisco?) where in others one may underpay. Does it have anything to do with the lifecycle of cities and their governments? If so, how much?

  24. Dec 2021
    1. It is impossible to think without writing; at least it is impossible in any sophisticated or networked (anschlußfähig) fashion.

      The sentiment that it is impossible to think without writing is patently wrong. While it's an excellent tool, it takes an overly textual perspective and completely ignores the value of orality an memory in prehistory.

      Modern culture has lost so many of our valuable cultural resources that we have completely forgotten that they even existed.

      Oral cultures certainly had networked thought, Luhmann and others simply can't imagine how it may have worked. We're also blinded by the imagined size of societies in pre-agricultural contexts. The size and scope of cities and city networks makes the history of writing have an outsized appearance.

      Further, we don't have solid records of these older netowrks, a major drawback of oral cultures which aren't properly maintained, but this doesn't mean that they didn not exist.

  25. Nov 2021
    1. Employing an evidence-based methodology, CitiIQ has created a comprehensive, objective measurement of a city.
  26. Mar 2021
  27. Jan 2021
    1. Brussels region gears up to reform its economy on the basis of the doughnut model, Amsterdam is already taking the leap with its renewed sustainability strategy.
  28. Nov 2020
  29. Oct 2020
  30. Sep 2020
    1. To defeat facial recognition software, “you would have to wear a mask or disguises,” Tien says. “That doesn’t really scale up for people.”

      Yeah, that sentence was written in 2017 and especially pertinent to Americans. 2020 has changed things a fair bit.

  31. Jul 2020
  32. Jun 2020
  33. May 2020
    1. focus not just on design, but on our broader relationship with nature
    2. our houses will need to be better ventilated and offer more light
    3. cities would need to make more provisions for cycling, and cities may need to “offer more paths and small roads so there are alternative ways to get around
    4. the city of the future needs to be more localised, not just in food but in access to day-to-day amenities
    5. to reduce risk, our cities may need to become more localised and self-sufficient in the future
    6. building a city resilient to pandemics is thinking about how to source food
    7. our cities will need to be more adaptable, according to Johan Woltjer from University of Westminster’s School of Architecture and Cities. “During a crisis like we’re in at the moment, it would mean creating temporary housing and [having] health centres be built more flexibly and have space available in cities for those
    8. Tackling basic sanitation is the first step in building a healthier city. “That means appropriate water and sanitation systems and good quality houses
  34. Apr 2020
    1. except the one wigged gentleman who looked at the ceiling

      This only emphasizes the fact that literally everybody was looking at him

    2. Now that he had no work to hold, he laid the knuckles of the right hand in the hollow of the left, and then the knuckles of the left hand in the hollow of the right, and then passed a hand across his bearded chin, and so on in regular changes, without a moment's intermission. The task of recalling him from the vagrancy into which he always sank when he had spoken, was like recalling some very weak person from a swoon, or endeavouring, in the hope of some disclosure, to stay the spirit of a fast-dying man. “Did you ask me for my name?” “Assuredly I did.” “One Hundred and Five, North Tower.” “Is that all?” “One Hundred and Five, North Tower.”

      Maybe the shoemaker had forgotten his name from prison?

    3. he women who had left on a door-step the little pot of hot ashes

      does this symbolize something?

    4. rags

      rags is a reoccuring image

  35. Apr 2019
    1. You've made this argument before, and I strongly disagree. Getting people to work closer to where they live reduces pressure on all transport corridors. If the City keeps growing, and growing, and growing, there will be no more room to build the infrastructure to support it. There's only so many lanes to a freeway, and so many tracks to a railway that you can build until it becomes completely unsustainable. To serve a dozen or so square kilometres (in a very linear shape like the current CBD, and lands south of it) would require just as many if not more tunnels to transport people in or out. The government can save billions, and billions of taxpayer dollars, if instead of having hundreds of trains per hour converging on the one place (in expensive tunnels), those funds and resources targeted key cross metropolitan connections, spreading the commuter load more evenly and efficiently to other CBD's with significant employment opportunities. Hypothetical: If a third of the trains from Campbelltown went to Penrith instead of the City because a significant population required the increased connections between the Western Sydney CBD's (Liverpool, Parramatta, Blacktown) for employment, then more trains can be used for City expresses to the new Airport, or to the Growth Centre. An evenly distributed commuter pattern can create opportunities for different levels of service and connectivity throughout the city. Obviously, new cross metropolitan transport links are necessary for the city to grow to support this kind of decentralisation, but the infrastructure is already largely there (or will be) for places like Parramatta, Chatswood, and Mac Park to be as well connected to surrounding areas as the inner city is. All of the satellite CBD's are already located on train lines that head to the City, so saying that the PT that services them will be lightly patronised ignores the fact that those lines would still serve commuters travelling to the main CBD. It's better to have comfortably full trains travelling throughout the city, than to have trains that can't let anyone else on because everyone needs to be at the same place at the same time. The City will always be the main CBD, but it needs room to breathe so that it doesn't buckle under its own pressure. A network of major and minor CBD's throughout the city can help relieve the congestion caused by a city that is extremely concentrated to one far edge of the metro area.

      Conversationing, mini CBDs to support a big CBD. City spatial structure.

    1. Have to agree had a walk around here recently and I'm not impressed by any of the buildings going up around the square. The FJMT tower and low rise buildings are a jumbled mess, pretty ugly actually. The Mirvac buildings are not much better. The library just looks like an entrance to a train station and makes no sense being underground with it's commercially clad fly tower or whatever it is? It's entrance is cramped with a cafe blocking access to the steps. Why build a grand space only for it to be cluttered? I just felt the place felt like no lesson's have been learnt. Hopefully some better designs will be constructed in Green squares evolution but it's certainly not an exercise in good city planning and the architecture is certainly not groundbreaking harmonious or pleasing on the eye.

      Largely agree. It's all very controlled, with a bit of decent archi. But it certainly doesn't feel 'real', tactile.. like there is any ownership. It belongs to ritzy people, ritzy gov, and ritzy gov-corporate relationships. Yerp.

    1. Veridian Kogarah by cnd

      Good facade articulation to breakdown the mass of the building.

    2. Veridian Kogarah by cnd

      Is alrightish. I like the two-volume articulation.

    3. Andover Street Apartments, Carlton, Sydney by cnd

      Nice normal stuff.

    4. 'The Ritz'

      BAN dumb names. Just "123 Main Street" allowable.

    5. An artist impression of the Kogarah North Precinct wih Georges River Girls High School on the right.

      These sort of renders have a lot to answer for.

  36. Aug 2018
    1. We want towns and cities in Slovakia to be towns and cities for the people. This concept, known abroad as SMART Cities, defines a new approach to the management (control) of towns based on four priorities, namely investment in human and social capital, investing in transport and communication infrastructure, smart management of natural resources and a participatory approach.
  37. Jun 2018
    1. The possibilities of this storytelling technique are demonstrated by its transference into real-life projects, such as the immersive model that his production company, 5D GlobalStudio, developed for Al Baydha, a Bedouin village in Saudi Arabia.

      In order for Alex McDowell to think of the asthetics of a possible future city, he had to use a reference project in saudi arabia. Offering options to make a rural community in a village in Saudi Arabia more efficient in different ways made it possible for him to create a (better) future Detroit.

  38. Jun 2017
  39. Oct 2016
  40. Oct 2015
    1. the ubiquity of aggression is an inevitable by-product of living in cities.

      ubiquity - n.

      the state or capacity of being everywhere, especially at the same time

      aggression is everywhere and its just something that comes with living in a city?

    1. Here is the man with three staves, and here the Wheel, And here is the one-eyed merchant, and this card, Which is blank, is something he carries on his back, Which I am forbidden to see. I do not find The Hanged Man. Fear death by water. I see crowds of people, walking round in a ring.

      The ‘Wheel’ represents the circle in which the whole world moves on. The process, how it seems to be presented by unreal cities is nothing but an illusion. Eliot shows that there is no progress, only change that nonetheless does not change anything. ‘Crowds of people, walking round in a ring’ alludes to ghostly figures created by an unreal city. For example in an industrialized world, in big cities, where people go to work every day and just follow the crowd. Cities, civilization and culture pretend to lead people somewhere and to make them move on. They think they have a destination. However, they do not move on, but stay in that circle. The ‘Wheel’ capitalized stands for a higher power that makes the system move. A wheel standing for a new invention and for progress does not apply in this context, because it is personified as God. The clairvoyante could therefore just stand for mankind’s predetermined destiny. The ‘one-eyed merchant’ stands for another aspect of an unreal city. In the modern world, due to the consequences of the industrialization, there is a big difference between rural and urban areas. Cities stand for agglomeration of people, capital and products. The ‘one-eyed merchant’ however, seems not to see the ‘whole thing’. He seems to be blinded by the illusion of the unreal cities and the modern world. This also refers to Eliot’s rejection of a modern world. In a city, people just follow the mainstream and believe in non-existing things, they are not alive and conscious, but just ghostly figures. Furthermore, the ‘one-eyed merchant’ carries something on his back, which the clairvoyante cannot see. It is a blank card. It seems like a burden for humanity that men must carry, especially the one-eyed merchant, as a representative of a ‘modern urban man’. If the clairvoyante cannot see it, it might contradict the fact that the future is pre-determined and hence the ‘Wheel’ can be interpreted differently. The blank card could mean that there is still a possibility to change the future and that people are able to act. The ‘Wheel’ itself is just turning around its center, but seen as a whole the ‘Wheel’ could be moving on.

    2. Shantih     shantih     shantih

      I found the translation "peace" for shantih, which could mean that there will be peace when the cities haven fallen down. When the 'frame of civilization' collapses, when mankind is closer to nature again, then there could be peace.

    3. O City city, I can sometimes hear Beside a public bar in Lower Thames Street, The pleasant whining of a mandoline And a clatter and a chatter from within Where fishmen lounge at noon: where the walls Of Magnus Martyr hold Inexplicable splendour of Ionian white and gold.
    4. Unreal City
    5. I think we are in rats’ alley
    6. alling towers Jerusalem Athens Alexandria Vienna London Unreal

      Tension because all these cities are real places yet he has paired them with the word 'unreal'

  41. Feb 2015
    1. I think a properly-designed city could eliminate 80% of daily living expenses while providing a quality of life far beyond what we experience today. And I think this future will have to happen because the only other alternative is an aggressive transfer of wealth from the rich to the poor by force of law. I don’t see that happening.

      It's strange how he sees this crazy-well-designed city happening but not a transfer of wealth from the rich to the poor.