173 Matching Annotations
  1. Apr 2024
    1. In 2013, Al-Jallad used the Safaitic database as he worked on an inscription containing several mysterious words: Maleh, Dhakar, and Amet. Earlier scholars had assumed that they were the names of unknown places. Al-Jallad, unconvinced, searched the database and discovered another inscription that contained all three. Both inscriptions discussed migrations in search of water, and a possibility occurred to him: if the words referred to seasons of migration, then they might be the names of constellations visible at those times.
    1. Das Wasserversorgungssystem des Iran ist vor allem wegen der Entnahme des Wassers für Landwirtschaft und Industrie komplett und irreparabel zusammengebrochen. Dabei ist das Land immer mehr Hitzewellen ausgesetzt, bei denen in einigen Gebieten Temperaturen von über 55° C erreicht werden. Durch die Verarmung in den letzten Jahren ist die Bevölkerung in den betroffenen Provinzen besonders verwundbar. Reportage der New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2023/07/23/world/middleeast/iran-heat-water.htmltopic

    1. Aufgrund der Dürren und anderer Extrem-Ereignisse wird die Trinkwasser-Versorgung in vielen Communities im Einzugsgebiet des Mississippi prekär. Der Süden Louisianas wird von eindringendem Salzwasser bedroht, Dabei sind die Folgen der schweren Hurricanes der vergangenen Jahre noch nicht überwunden. Immer mehr Menschen wollen die Gegend verlassen. https://www.nytimes.com/2023/11/15/us/louisiana-saltwater-climate.html

  2. Mar 2024
    1. there's the famous quote from David Foster Wallace about you know the story about the two fish

      metaphor - liberalism and fish in the water - Christopher illustrates the relationship that often persists between - something that is ubiquitous and - its invisibility - He attributes this to David Foster Wallace's metaphoric story of - two young fish swimming in a body of water and - a school of older fish come by and ask them "how's the water?" - to which they respond "what's water?"

      adjacency - between - ubiquity - invisibility - liberalism - the unintended consequences of liberalism - adjacency statement - An idea such as liberalism is so fundamental in the fabric of modernity that - everyone takes it for granted and - subsequently, it fades into invisibility - The main challenge of something that is invisible is that - if we cannot see it, - then we cannot really deal with it if there are any problems with it

      adjacency - between - Deep Humanity - Common Human Denominators (CHD) - ubiquity - invisibility - adjacency statement - This often-cited metaphor also lies at the heart of Deep Humanity, - an open source praxis that also lay at the heart of Stop Reset Go, developed precisely to deal with - tacit awareness, - hidden assumptions - deeply held and unquestioned beliefs and - ubiquitous ideas that become invisible - In fact, the Common Human Denominators (CHD) of Deep Humanity - is precisely that set of ideas that are - ubiquitously known by all humans - to such an extent that their value becomes invisible - and their appreciation thereby lost - Deep Humanity's purpose is to recover this lost appreciation in order to facilitate a sufficiently powerful collective transition out of our current poly-meta-perma-crisis

    1. In Frankreich beginnt in dieser Woche eine öffentliche Debatte um ein großes lithium-bergbauprojekt im zentralmassiv. Der umfassende Artikel beleuchtet eine Vielzahl von Aspekten des lithium-Abbaus und der zunehmenden Opposition dagegen, die eng mit dem Kampf gegen die individuelle motorisierte Mobilität verbunden ist. https://www.liberation.fr/environnement/climat/course-au-lithium-made-in-france-une-opportunite-a-saisir-ou-un-mirage-ecologique-20240310_FQOVXTBNKJC5NJ7EZI2UQKOAIY/in

  3. Feb 2024
    1. Die globale Erhitzung trifft die Bevölkerung in der Nähe des Titicacasees vor allem aufgrund der Verlandung des Sees. Übernutzung des Wassers in den Zuflüssen der Umgebung wirkt dabei verstärkend. Fiscchfang und Formen der traditionellen Landwirtschaft wie der Kartoffelanbau funktionieren zunehmend weniger, so dass z.B. auf Milchwirtschaft mit Zufütterung von Soja umgestiegen wird. Reportage zu den komplexen ökologisch-sozialen Veränderungen. https://taz.de/Klimawandel-in-Lateinamerika/!5989226/

    1. Sizilien leidet gerade unter extremer Trockenheit, die zu großen Einbußen bei der Orangenernte führt. Sie gehört zu einem anhaltenden Prozess der Aridifizierung, durch den sich die Bedingungen in Sizilien immer mehr denen im heutigen Algerien annähern. Ausführlicher Bericht in der Repubblica über die mangelnde Vorbereitung der Region auf zunehmenden Wasserstress, unter anderem die mangelnde Aufgeschlossenheit für die Regeneration von Böden und Gewässern, wie sie das Nature Restoration Law der EU vorsieht. https://www.repubblica.it/green-and-blue/dossier/siccita--gestione-acqua/2024/02/08/news/siccita_sicilia_arance-422075670/

  4. Jan 2024
    1. Die obersten 2000 m der Ozeane haben 2023 15 Zettajoule Wärme mehr absorbiert als 2022. Die Erwärmung dieser Schichten verringert den Austausch mit den kälteren unteren Schichten und belastet die marinen Ökosysteme dadurch zusätzlich. Bisher sind keine Zeichen für eine Beschleunigung der Zunahme des Wärmehinhalts im Verhältnis zu den Vorjahren zu erkennen. Die Oberflächentemperatur der Ozeane lag im ersten Halbjahr 0,1°, im zweiten Halbjahr aber für die Wissenschaft überraschende 0,3 Grad über der des Jahres 2022. Schwere Zyklone, darunter der längste bisher beobachtete überhaupt, trafen vor allem besonders vulnerable Gebiete.

      https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2024/jan/11/ocean-warming-temperatures-2023-extreme-weather-data

      Study: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00376-024-3378-5

      Report: https://www.globalwater.online/#content

  5. Dec 2023
    1. Durch einen 1,4 Milliarden Euro Deal besteht die Möglichkeit, die Doñana-Region in Andalusien, Europas größtes Feuchtgebiet, zu bewahren. Die Gegend, zu der einen Nationalpark gehört, leidet vor allem unter Wasser Stress. Der Deal soll einen auch symbolisch wichtigen Konflikt beenden, bei dem konservative und reaktionäre politische Kräfte die Bauern unterstützt hatten, die illegal Wasser für Erdbeer- und Himbeer-Anbau verwendet haben. Die spanische Umweltministerin Teresa Ribeira erklärt ausführlich Prinzipien einer Green transition, die so durchgeführt wird, dass die Lebensbedingungen in einer Region verbessert werden und die Bevölkerung sie unterstützt. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2023/dec/27/spain-environment-minister-hails-andalucia-wetlands-deal-green-transition

  6. Nov 2023
    1. Untersuchungen zeigen, dass die COP28 mit dem Emissions Peak für Treibhausgase zusammenfallen könnte. Um das 1,5°-Ziel zu erreichen, müssten allerdings die Emissionen bis 2030 um die Hälfte sinken. https://www.theguardian.com/environment/ng-interactive/2023/nov/29/cop28-what-could-climate-conference-achieve

    1. for those people who have sleep apnea try gargling with salt water before you 00:14:31 go to bed you may be amazed 40 50 percent of you may say the next morning i don't know what the heck happened but guess what salt water 00:14:42 reduces inflammation so gargling with salt water can be a cure for many of those conditions
      • for: sleep apnea - potential treatment - gargling salt water to reduce inflammation, sleep apnea - potential treatment - eliminate sugar
  7. Oct 2023
    1. Doñana

      Die Chancen für eine Erhaltung der Feuchtbiotope des Doñana-Nationalparks in Andalusien sind deutlich gestiegen. Ein Abkommen zwischen der Provinzregierung und der provisorischen Zentralregierung sieht vor, dass keine zusätzliche Bewässerungslandwirtschaft in dieser Region genehmigt wird. Viele NGOs hatten für die Rettung des Gebiets kampagnisiert, das durch die globale Erhitzung und durch Wasserentnahmen für die Agroindustrie bedroht ist. https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2023/oct/04/wetlands-win-reprieve-after-deal-between-spain-and-andalucia

    1. Interview mit dem Agrarwissenschaftler Michael Succow zm Bodenschutz und zur Trinkwasserknappheit in Deutschland. In einigen Gebieten wird inzwschen kein Grundwasser mehr gebildet, fast durchgängig ist es chemisch kontaminiert. Succow plädiert für eine radikale Umstellung auf biologische Landwirtschaft und gegen den Anbau des wasserintensiven Mais zur Verfütterung an Rinder. https://www.derstandard.at/story/3000000187638/biologe-mais-duerfte-hier-ueberhaupt-nicht-angebaut-werden

    1. Die Gruppe A2A, die zweitgrößte Betreiberin von Wasserkraftwerken in Italien, wird in den kommenden 10 Jahren ca. 16 Milliarden Euro in Maßnahmen zur nachhaltigen Energieversorgung investieren. Dabei geht es auch um Anpassung an das Schmelzen der Gletscher und anhaltende Trockenperionen. https://www.repubblica.it/green-and-blue/2023/09/29 /news/energia_e_clima_idroelettrico-413619371/

  8. Sep 2023
      • for: futures - food production, futures - water production, desalination, ocean solar farm, floating solar farm, floating city
      • title: An interfacial solar evaporation enabled autonomous double-layered vertical floating solar sea farm
      • author: Pan Wu, Xuan We, Huimin Yu, Jingyuan Zhao, Yida Wang, Kewu Pi, Gary Owens, Haolan Xu
      • date: Oct. 1, 2023
      • source: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1385894723041839?via%3Dihub#f0005
      • comment
        • Since this simple design integrates fresh water and food production, it can be integrated as a module for a floating city.
    1. Die jetzt schon übernutzten Grundwasservorräte in Indien werden durch die globale Erhitzung ab etwa 2040 dreimal so schnell abnehmen wie bisher, wenn sich die landwirtschaftlichen Methoden nicht radikal verändern. Die wachsenden Monsunregenfälle können nicht ausgleichen, was durch trockene Winter und mehr Verdunstung verloren geht. https://www.nytimes.com/2023/09/01/climate/india-groundwater-depletion.html

      Studie: https://www.science.org/doi/10.1126/sciadv.adi1401

  9. Aug 2023
    1. The Science Behind Hydrogen Rich Water Machine

      In the health and wellness world, a fascinating trend has emerged with the rise of hydrogen infused water machine. These innovative devices promise to deliver a refreshing beverage beyond ordinary hydration – hydrogen-rich water. Packed with potential health benefits, the science behind these machines is captivating and sheds new light on how we think about water consumption and its impact on our well-being.

      Hydrogen: The Unsung Hero Of Molecules

      Before delving into the science of hydrogen-rich water machines, it's essential to understand the pivotal role of hydrogen itself. Hydrogen is the lightest and simplest element on the periodic table, consisting of a single proton and an electron. While hydrogen is generally known for its explosive nature, it has recently garnered attention for its potential health benefits when dissolved in water.

      The Power Of Hydrogen-Infused Water

      Hydrogen-infused water, often called hydrogen-rich water, is created when molecular hydrogen gas (H2) is dissolved into plain water. This process typically involves using advanced technologies found in hydrogen-rich water machines. The resulting beverage is touted for its potential antioxidant properties, which could contribute to various health improvements.

      Antioxidant Action: Hydrogen's Hidden Potential

      Antioxidants are essential for neutralizing dangerous chemicals known as free radicals, which may damage cells and contribute to a variety of health problems such as chronic illnesses and ageing. Molecular hydrogen is thought to have antioxidant characteristics that are more effective than well-known antioxidants such as vitamins C and E.

      Hydrogen's unique antioxidant potential lies in its ability to easily penetrate cell membranes and access cellular compartments, including the nucleus and mitochondria. This attribute gives hydrogen an edge in protecting cellular components from oxidative stress, potentially reducing the risk of oxidative damage.

      The Mechanism: How Hydrogen Works Its Magic

      The exact mechanism behind hydrogen's antioxidant effects is still an area of ongoing research, but several theories have been proposed. One prominent theory suggests that hydrogen is a selective scavenger of harmful free radicals, targeting the most reactive and damaging ones without affecting beneficial molecules like oxygen or nitric oxide.

      Another theory is that hydrogen has the power to modify signalling pathways within cells. By altering these pathways, hydrogen may elicit preventive responses that boost the body's natural defence systems against oxidative stress and inflammation.

      Hydrogen-Rich Water Machines: The Technology

      Hydrogen-rich water machines are designed to harness the power of molecular hydrogen by infusing it into plain drinking water. These devices commonly use electrolysis, which involves sending an electric current through water to divide it into hydrogen and oxygen gases. The hydrogen gas is subsequently dissolved in water, yielding a beverage high in this beneficial chemical.

      These machines are equipped with advanced membranes that allow only hydrogen molecules to pass through while preventing the escape of potentially harmful byproducts like ozone. This ensures the purity and safety of the resulting hydrogen-infused water.

      Potential Health Benefits

      While research on the health benefits of hydrogen-rich water is still in its infancy, preliminary studies have shown promising results. Some of the potential benefits include the following:

      Antioxidant Defense: Hydrogen-rich water's antioxidant properties could help reduce oxidative stress and associated health risks. Anti-Inflammatory Effects: Hydrogen may have anti-inflammatory effects that could benefit conditions like arthritis and other inflammatory disorders. Cellular Health: Hydrogen might contribute to overall cellular health and function by protecting cellular components. Exercise Performance: Some research suggests that hydrogen-rich water might enhance exercise performance and reduce muscle fatigue. Conclusion: A Glimpse Into The Future Of Hydration

      Hydrogen-rich water machines are ushering in a new era of hydration, where molecular hydrogen's benefits are harnessed to enhance our well-being potentially. While more research is needed to understand the extent of these benefits fully, the early findings are exciting and have sparked interest among health-conscious individuals.

      As technology advances, we can anticipate more refined hydrogen-infused water machines and a deeper understanding of how molecular hydrogen interacts with our bodies. Whether you're an early adopter or a cautious observer, the science behind these machines invites us to explore the intriguing potential of hydrogen-infused water and its impact on our health.

  10. Jul 2023
    1. Instead of dumping the humidity outdoors, why not have an option to condense it to a water holding tank, thus offsetting the need to purchase water? This sounds like it might even be able to distill water, which would further save money for those who need distilled water for apnea devices and other uses.

  11. Jun 2023
    1. . „Klimamodellen zufolge hat der Grundwasserbestand in der Zeit von 1993 bis 2010 um 2.150 Gigatonen abgenommen“, berichten Seo und seine Kollegen. Anhand eines Modells sowie Schwerefeldmessungen und Daten zur Polwanderung haben sie rekonstruiert, wie sich dies auf die Bewegung der Erdachse ausgewirkt hat.

      Zwischen 1993 und 2010 hat der Grundwasserbestand der Erde durch menschliche Entnahmen um 2150 abgenommen – vor allem in den mittleren Breiten. Die Erhöhung des Meeresspiegels dadurch ist so groß, dass sich die Drift der Erdachse dadurch leicht verändert hat. https://www.scinexx.de/news/geowissen/unser-wasserverbrauch-verschiebt-die-erdachse/

      Studie: https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1029/2023GL103509

  12. May 2023
      • Summary
        • Interesting built environment sustainable design
          • based on ancient Roman residential design technique
          • leveraging and adapting this ancient rain water harvesting to accomplish multiple functions in a modern context::
            • potable water
            • evaporative cooling
            • irrigation
            • sanitation
            • personal hygiene
  13. Apr 2023
    1. the paper contrasts “anti-privatization” campaigns with “alterglobalization” movements engaged in the construction of alternative community economies and culture of water, centred on concepts such as the commons and “water democracies”.
  14. Mar 2023
    1. Title: Unintended Consequences: Unknowable and Unavoidable, or Knowable and Unforgivable?

      Abstract - Paraphrase - there are multiple environmental limits within which humanity can safely operate, - potential negative outcomes of seemingly positive actions need to accounted for. - “nexus” research is consistent with the above - it recognizes the integrated and interactive nature of water, energy and food systems, - and aims to understand the broader implications of developments in any one of these systems. - This article presents a novel framework for categorizing such detrimental unintended consequences, based upon: - how much is known about the system in question - and the scope for avoiding any such unintended consequences. - The framework comprises four categories: - Knowable and Avoidable - Knowable and Unavoidable - Unknowable and Avoidable - Unknowable and Unavoidable - The categories are explored with reference to examples in both: - the water-energy-food nexus and - planetary boundary frameworks. - The examples: - highlight the potential for the unexpected to happen and - explore dynamic nature of the situations that give rise to the unexpected. - The article concludes with guidance on how the framework can be used - to increase confidence that best efforts have been made to navigate our way toward - secure and sustainable water, energy and food systems, - avoiding and/or managing unintended consequences along the way.

      // - This paper is principally about - progress traps, - how they emerge, - their characteristics - as they morph through the knowability / avoidability matrix - and how we might predict and mitigate them in the future

    1. Addressing the nexus of concerns related to water and electricity consumption — along with the associated impact on carbon dioxide emissions — is one of the biggest challenges faced by any big data center operator. In a blog about its new commitment, Brandt reports that water-cooled data centers use about 10 percent less energy than those using methods related to air cooling. Last year, the company estimated that using water cooling helped Google reduce the "energy-related carbon footprint" of its data centers by about 300,000 tons of CO2. 

      Does this imply the use of water cooled racks?

  15. Feb 2023
    1. Water-Food-Energy Nexus in Global Cities: Addressing Complex Urban Interdependencies
      • Title = Water-Food-Energy Nexus i
      • n Global Cities:
      • Addressing Complex Urban Interdependencies

      • Abstract

        • Understanding how water, food, and energy interact in the form of the water-food-energy (WFE) nexus is essential for sustainable development which advocates enhancing human well-being and poverty reduction.

        • The application of the WFE nexus has seen diverse approaches to its implementation in cities across the globe.

        • There is a need to share knowledge in order to improve urban information exchange which focuses on the WFE nexus’ application and impacts on the United Nations (UN) Sustainable Development Goals.
        • In this study,
          • Natural Language Processing (NLP) and
          • Affinity Propagation Algorithm (APA)
        • are employed to explore and assess the application of the WFE nexus:
          • first on a regional basis
          • second on the city level
        • The results show that after the exhaustive search of a database containing:
          • 32,736 case studies focusing on
          • 2,233 cities,
        • African and Latin American cities:
        • have the most potential to encounter resource shortages (i.e., WFE limitation)
          • are systematically underrepresented in literature
          • Southern hemisphere cities can benefit from knowledge transfer because of their limited urban intelligence programmes.
        • Hence, with regional and topic bias,
        • there is a potential for more mutual learning links
        • between cities that can increase WFE nexus policy exchange
        • between the Northern and Southern hemispheres
        • through the bottom-up case-study knowledge.
    1. graphene aerogel particles for efficient water purification
      • Carbon graphene aerogel
      • for water purification

      • investigate for water purification prototype

  16. Jan 2023
    1. we cannot solve the climate crisis unless 00:22:59 we address the freshwater crisis and we have to look Beyond carbon and I do believe that there are many solutions out there and we play the role of facilitators to allow those Innovations 00:23:12 scale at speed

      !- Roshni Nadar Malhotra : Director HDL tecnologies, India

    2. civilizations have risen and Fallen based on their ability to manage their 00:08:45 scarce Water Resources we are no different

      !- water boundary : technological assistance -low cost ocean water purification

  17. Dec 2022
    1. A water potable water supply that is say for three or four suburbs in a city together, and there'll be a standalone system. So if that system needs maintenance and goes down for a bit, the systems around it keep going. Whereas at the moment, if you have one problem in a water plant, the whole city goes down.

      !- Futures Thinking : Maslow's Hierarchy framing for Water - decentralized water plant that supplies a few suberbs is far more resilient

    2. So it's not just water. We need water that's not polluted. And so that there are drinking water standards that need to be adhered to. So traditionally we just get that out of a stream or a pond. But now we've got so much population in areas which the climate doesn't lend itself to supplying such a lot of water for so many people. So we need to seriously think about how do we actually provide clean drinking water. 00:52:16 And if we don't, and this is the problem with the next one, which is sanitation. If we don't have proper drinking water, we start having disease rippling through our society, which will cripple us, our ability to do certain things. And so we have to have the ability to filter water. And so we might move into a society where water will have to be filtered through, you can make a filter with things like charcoal and rock and gravel. 00:52:42 And water might have to go through that to remove its bacteria load. See at the moment, our water is purified in water purification plants, but they're done centrally and their water's pushed out along all these pipes all over the city. So what if that is no longer practical? For example, we can't maintain such a large network of pipes anymore easily. So we might have to go to a more localized way of managing water.

      !- Futures Thinking : Maslow's Hierarchy framing for Water - future may see us going to decentralized water systems due to energy intensity of operating current system of long networks of pipelines and pumps - sanitation and water closely linked, poor potable water leads to poor sanitation, and to increased disease burden

  18. Aug 2022
    1. Phenomena can be so familiar that wereally do not see them at all, a matter that has been much discussed by literarytheorists and philosophers. For example, Viktor Shklovskij in the early 1920sdeveloped the idea that the function of poetic art is that of “making strange”the object depicted. “People living at the seashore grow so accustomed to themurmur of the waves that they never hear it. By the same token, we scarcelyever hear the words which we utter . . . We look at each other, but we do not seeeach other any more. Our perception of the world has withered away; what hasremained is mere recognition.”

      Fish in water effect

  19. Apr 2022
    1. Another Angry Woman. (2022, January 1). A reminder that sometimes “living with it” means taking some mitigations, forever, e.g. How in order to live with cholera we make sure our water doesn’t have shit in it by building infrastructure to make sure our water doesn’t have shit in it. [Tweet]. @stavvers. https://twitter.com/stavvers/status/1477362596097536018

  20. Mar 2022
    1. But crucially, he believes the pool at the center of the complex may have also served as a surface to observe and map the stars. The water surface would have mirrored the sky, as water does – none other than Leonardo da Vinci pointed out the attributes of inert standing water when studying the night sky. For one thing, the stars were adored by the Phoenicians, whether as gods or deceased ancestors; and the position of the constellations was of keen interest to the sailors among them for navigation purposes, Nigro points out.

      Lorenzo Nigro indicates that the "kothon" of Motya in southern Sicily was a pool of Baal whose surface may have been used to observe and map the stars. He also indicates that the Phoenicians adored the stars potentially as gods or deceased ancestors. This is an example of a potentially false assumption often seen in archaeology of Western practitioners misconstruing Indigenous practices based on modern ideas of religion and culture.

      I might posit that this sort of practice is more akin to that of the science of Indigenous peoples who used oral and mnemonic methods in combination with remembering their histories and ancestors.

      Cross reference this with coming reading in The First Astronomers (to come) which may treat this in more depth.


      Leonardo da Vinci documented the attributes of standing water for studying the night sky.

      Where was this and what did it actually entail?

  21. Jan 2022
  22. www.janeausten.pludhlab.org www.janeausten.pludhlab.org
    1. Every morning now brought its regular duties—shops were to be visited; some new part of the town to be looked at; and the pump-room to be attended, where they paraded up and down for an hour, looking at everybody and speaking to no one.

      Jane Austen’s contemporaries, including everyone from the laboring poor to the royals, shared a belief in the restorative power of spring water and in the consumption of natural remedies. In the years when Austen was writing Northanger Abbey, the warm springs offered at Bath’s Pump rooms were a popular treatmentfor those suffering from loss of appetite, nerves (Mrs. Bennett!), gout, and ailments affecting the stomach, head, and vital parts.

      In 1813, a guide to the resort claimed that the waters contained carbon dioxide, azotic gas, sulphates, muriate of soda, selenite, carbonate of lime siliceous earth, and a very small portion of oxide of iron (Guide 32). These properties probably gave the water a sulfuric aroma. As the opening of this chapter suggests, though, whether ill or healthy, the resort provided for all. For the healthy visitor, the prime activity was to consume in ways that are familiar to us: purchasing clothes or textiles, as Catherine learns to do from Mrs. Allen, window-shopping, and people-watching.

      These lines express Austen’s awareness of the period’s rapidly growing consumer market, resulting from an unprecedented growth in the middle class, which in turn increased demand for domestic and foreign goods. Purchasing power allowed Bath visitors to pay about one guinea a month for access to the warm spring waters served in the newly renovated Pump Room, and to provide a handsome gratuity to the pumper serving water from the King’s Springs .jpg) (Guide 38). But they would likely also be paying to imbibe other popular drinks, including tea, coffee, and chocolate, which albeit pricey were increasingly affordable to the growing middle-class (Selwyn 215). As any Austen fan knows, the Pump Room continues to serve tourists today. Although bathing is no longer allowed, tea, chocolate, coffee, and warm spring waters can still be imbibed.

      Walking the streets of Bath with Catherine as we read through Northanger Abbey’s first volume, we might keep in mind who teaches Catherine her consumer habits, and how the novel’s development may be commenting on these practices. We might also consider how the novel records a turning point in the consumption of natural remedies and other goods extracted from apparently distant communities and environments. How much do our current consumer habits differ from Catherine’s?

      Works Cited.

  23. Dec 2021
    1. upslope movement of habita-tion and agriculture should have changed the water budget

      permasalahan yang selalu terjadi, dimana perubahan tata guna lahan akan berpengaruh terhadap air tanah, akibat pengelolaan yang kurang baik

  24. Oct 2021
    1. A simplified freezing point depression (FPD) equation was derived for calculating water activity (aw) of food systems. The aw values as calculated by FPD data agreed with literature data for a variety of foods to within ± 0.01 aw units. The FPD equation was found particularly useful for calculating aw values of frozen foods at temperatures between 273.1.5–233.15 °K (0 to −40°C).

      ± 0.01 aw? That's crazy accurate. Temperature is extremely easy to measure at home, which makes this a perfect technique for home food preservation. In particular, it can be used with sugar-free, salt-free, and other obscure recipes for which water activity is hard to estimate.

      Additionally, this accuracy could be run in reverse. Knowing the water activity of ice-cream can tell you the freezing point. Moreover, a mini fridge could keep select food items chilled below 0°C for better preservation. In particular, I plan to dissolve erythritol into unsweetened plant milks and lower my fridge temp accordingly.

    1. Jamstack

      The legacy version of the Run for Water site designed by Stephen Bau. Featured on Behance.

      This version is built with Jamstack, using Harp and DatoCMS.

      A similar approach could be used for the Co-Operating Manual for Spaceship Earth.

      A Modest Proposal

      Since the Buckminster Fuller Institute is using Airtable, it would be possible to follow the CSS-Tricks article on Going Jamstack with React, Serverless, and Airtable.

    1. Website by Stephen Bau

      I used a UIkit theme (Trek) for the redesign of the Run for Water site. I transitioned away from Jamstack, because the organization is centred around volunteers, and it was important to empower them to easily make changes to the marketing front end of their organization.

      The WordPress theme has a beautiful interface for managing content. However, it goes against the philosophy of COPE, recommended by Karen McGrane in her presentations on Content in a Zombie Apocalypse.

  25. Sep 2021
  26. Aug 2021
  27. Jul 2021
    1. Not all the ancients are ancestors.

      I'll definitely grant this and admit that there may be independent invention or re-discovery of ideas.

      However, I'll also mention that it's far, far less likely that any of these people truly invented very much novel along the way, particularly since Western culture has been swimming in the proverbial waters of writing, rhetoric, and the commonplace book tradition for so long that we too often forget that we're actually swimming in water.

      It's incredibly easy to reinvent the wheel when everything around you is made of circles, hubs, and axles.

  28. May 2021
    1. methods of purifying water

      As we all know that how pure water makes us healthy and how impure water makes us ill and causes many diseases like typhoid and cholera.

      Also read about typhoid in detail.

      So we will sum up some methods of purifying water that will help you to purify water.

      If it is said that nothing is possible in life without water, then it will not be wrong.

      Apart from quenching thirst, all the work like cooking is not possible without water.

      In the eyes of many people, purity of water is not necessary.

      But this thinking of yours can prove dangerous for you and your family.

      Accuracy from bath water to drinking water matters.

    1. is alkaline water good for you/is alkaline in water good for you

      is alkaline water good for you/is alkaline in water good for you.It also helps to slow down the aging process, regulates the body’s pH level and prevents many chronic diseases.

      This water also regulates the level of acid in the body.

    1. Water borne diseases list

      water borne diseases list causes of typhoid in hindi:

      Baciliary dysentery or shigellosis. Cholera. Hepatitis A. Typhoid fever. Malaria. Dengue fever. Ascariasis or Round worm infection. Campylobacteriosis. Giardiasis.

    1. I particularly enjoyed the California water commons, with its quiet nod to Elinor Ostrom’s original post-graduate research on emergent cooperation between county water-boards.

      A quiet nod here in it's own right. Now I want to dig into Elinor Ostrom's research and work.

  29. Feb 2021
  30. Dec 2020
    1. These losses of water and delays in traveltime can be significant, depending on antecedent ground-water and streamflow conditions as well as on other factors such as the condition of the channel and the presence of aquatic and riparian vegetation.

      antecedent = preceding in time or order; previous or preexisting.

  31. Oct 2020
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  34. May 2020
    1. Tackling basic sanitation is the first step in building a healthier city. “That means appropriate water and sanitation systems and good quality houses
  35. Apr 2020
    1. the number of ionized water molecules is so low (1.0 X 10-7 mol in 1000 mL water)

      Ss this value derived, measured or is it a covention?

  36. Jan 2020
    1. Since water is denser than air, and the reflection is diffuse. A lot of light is internally reflected, thereof, increasing the probability of absorption at surface.

      The light is reflected back inside the water, because of the total internal reflection:

      • water is denser than air
      • angle of incidence is greater than the so-called critical angle

    2. This is because the light now has a layer of water to go through. And due to the reflectance of water, not all light at the air-liquid-interface (border between air and water) goes through the water. Some of it is reflected.

      Wet things become darker, because of the water consistency, reflectance that doesn't let all the light to transmit through it.

      The probability of light getting transmitted is: 1 - R1 (reflectance at the air-liquid interface)

  37. Nov 2019
  38. Sep 2019
  39. Aug 2019
  40. Mar 2019
    1. is a waterborne bacterial disease, caused by the leptospiro bacteria. It rarely spreads from person to person and can be treated with common antib

      The bacteria is found in the urine of rodents.

    1. A nano-porous carbon composite membrane has been found to display high water flux due to exceptionally high surface diffusion, together with an excellent salt rejection [2616, 2958].

      With an excellent ability to reject salt, how often does membrane fouling become an issue when desalinating seawater? to a point where it causes water flux decline and lowers the quality of the water produced.

      ~ Anthony Y.

  41. Feb 2019
    1. Different types of pressure booster pumps available in the market, select the best water pressure booster pump which is easy to install, affordable. ATE provides booster pumps of different sizes and functionality. They have been specially designed for specific purposes, thus making it easier for you to choose one that suits your needs. For more details read article.

  42. Dec 2018
  43. Aug 2018