174 Matching Annotations
  1. May 2021
  2. Apr 2021
    1. This post articulates a lot of what I've been thinking about for the past 18 months or so, but it adds the additional concept of community integration.

      Interestingly, this aligns with the early, tentative ideas around what the future of In Beta might look like as a learning community, rather than a repository of content.

  3. Mar 2021
    1. Werner Vogels, Amazon CTO, notes that one of the lessons we have learned at Amazon is to expect the unexpected. He reminds us that failures are a given, and as a consequence it’s desirable to build systems that embrace failure as a natural occurrence. Coding around these failures is important, but undifferentiated, work that improves the integrity of the solution being delivered. However, it takes time away from investing in differentiating code.

      This is an annotation I made.

    2. When asked to define the role of the teacher, for example, Reggio educators do not begin in the way typical to

      This is an annotation I made.

    3. This is an annotation I made.

    4. This is an annotation I made.

    5. This is an annotation I made.

    1. System architects: equivalents to architecture and planning for a world of knowledge and data Both government and business need new skills to do this work well. At present the capabilities described in this paper are divided up. Parts sit within data teams; others in knowledge management, product development, research, policy analysis or strategy teams, or in the various professions dotted around government, from economists to statisticians. In governments, for example, the main emphasis of digital teams in recent years has been very much on service design and delivery, not intelligence. This may be one reason why some aspects of government intelligence appear to have declined in recent years – notably the organisation of memory.57 What we need is a skill set analogous to architects. Good architects learn to think in multiple ways – combining engineering, aesthetics, attention to place and politics. Their work necessitates linking awareness of building materials, planning contexts, psychology and design. Architecture sits alongside urban planning which was also created as an integrative discipline, combining awareness of physical design with finance, strategy and law. So we have two very well-developed integrative skills for the material world. But there is very little comparable for the intangibles of data, knowledge and intelligence. What’s needed now is a profession with skills straddling engineering, data and social science – who are adept at understanding, designing and improving intelligent systems that are transparent and self-aware58. Some should also specialise in processes that engage stakeholders in the task of systems mapping and design, and make the most of collective intelligence. As with architecture and urban planning supply and demand need to evolve in tandem, with governments and other funders seeking to recruit ‘systems architects’ or ‘intelligence architects’ while universities put in place new courses to develop them.
    1. Here's the four case: foo.js Load/Require dependencies Concatenate dependencies foo.js.map Load foo.js Currently grabs metadata[:map] from asset to build an asset, need to move that generation somewhere else to accomplish de-coupling map generation foo.debug.js Load foo.js Load foo.js.map Add comment to end of foo.js with path to foo.js.map foo.source.js The raw file on disk, the map file will need to point to source files.
  4. Feb 2021
    1. Software architecture is about making fundamental structural choices that are costly to change once implemented.
    2. Software architecture refers to the fundamental structures of a software system
    3. Software architecture choices include specific structural options from possibilities in the design of the software.
    1. The adapter is where authentication, policy checks, and eventually your domain logic happen. All termini of the protocol’s activity are standardized end events - that’s how protocol and adapter communicate.
    1. And really, this stems from the fact that buildings aren't designed by the community that uses them anymore. The community barely factors into the design, even. Buildings were designed to serve a specific purpose, dictated by the higher-ups with the money to purchase the land and fund the development of the building. Again, quoting the article, Unless they are an uber-wealthy client, users of buildings rarely have much input into the design process. Students do not get to say what kind of school they would like, office workers do not get to say whether they would prefer to work in a glass tower or in a leafy complex of wifi-enabled wooden pagodas. ... But that rupture means that architecture becomes something imposed upon people. It isn’t participatory, and it doesn’t adapt in response to their needs. It’s prefabricated, assembled beforehand off-site and then dumped on the unwitting populace. We are not meant to live in modern buildings; they are made for people who do not poop.

      This is very reminiscent of how some people use the internet as well. I can think of personal examples where Goolge apps and services were forced upon workers at companies who didn't want them and weren't comfortable with them.

      Similarly we went from the creativity of MySpace to the corporate strictures of Facebook and Twitter that didn't give users any flexibility or identity. The connective value was apparently worth just a bit more than the identity, so we went there, but why not have it all?

      I'll have to find the reference, but I saw an article with a book reference in the last year about the life of buildings and that well designed ones could stand the test of centuries in their ability to be redesigned and repurposed from the inside out if necessary.

  5. Jan 2021
    1. https://hyp.is/go?url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.archdaily.com%2F627654%2Fthe-computer-vs-the-hand-in-architectural-drawing-archdaily-readers-respond&group=__world__

      I came across this article about the tension between computer drawing and hand drawing in architecture when I replied to an annotation by another user @onion - very interesting read and I would be curious to see this issue revisited in another ten years...how may opinions have changed?

  6. Nov 2020
    1. Micro is a platform for cloud native development. It addresses the key requirements for building services in the cloud. Micro leverages the microservices architecture pattern and provides a set of services which act as the building blocks of a platform. Micro deals with the complexity of distributed systems and provides simpler programmable abstractions to build on.

      What they are doing is like AWS lambda - BUT - they abstract away the details of things like Auth, pub/sub, config, networks AND the DB (which is a KV store).

      So you simply write your services letting the platform take care of the particulars of adjacencies.

    1. There are, as you’re about to see, lots of problems with PGP. Fortunately, if you’re not morbidly curious, there’s a simple meta-problem with it: it was designed in the 1990s, before serious modern cryptography. No competent crypto engineer would design a system that looked like PGP today, nor tolerate most of its defects in any other design. Serious cryptographers have largely given up on PGP and don’t spend much time publishing on it anymore (with a notable exception). Well-understood problems in PGP have gone unaddressed for over a decade because of this.

      The meta-problem with PGP is that it was designed by crypto-engineers in the 90s and it is horribly outdated, yet due to its federated architecture, difficult to update.

    1. So while it’s nice that I’m able to host my own email, that’s also the reason why my email isn’t end-to-end encrypted, and probably never will be. By contrast, WhatsApp was able to introduce end-to-end encryption to over a billion users with a single software update.

      Although the option to host your own email offers you freedom, it's precisely this freedom that makes change more difficult and the reason why email isn't yet end-to-end encrypted.

      Centralized architectures, like whatsapp, allow you to roll out end-to-end encryption to the entire network with 1 software update.

    2. That has taken us pretty far, but it’s undeniable that once you federate your protocol, it becomes very difficult to make changes. And right now, at the application level, things that stand still don’t fare very well in a world where the ecosystem is moving.

      Because the ecosystem around software application is quickly evolving, you need to be able to adapt in order to be competitive.

      Once you federate your technology, however, you lose this ability to adapt quickly, as is evidenced by the relative stagnation of federated standards such as IP, SMTP, IRC, DNS etc.

    3. This reduced user friction has begun to extend the implicit threat that used to come with federated services into centralized services as well. Where as before you could switch hosts, or even decide to run your own server, now users are simply switching entire networks.

      The implicit threat of federated architectures is also emerging in centralized services. It emerges there because the core of the social network, the address book, is saved locally (i.e. federated). This makes it easy for users to switch networks, and this ease keeps the providers honest.

    4. Given that federated services always seem to coalesce around a provider that the bulk of people use, federation becomes a sort of implicit threat. Nobody really wants to run their own servers, but they know that it might be possible if their current host does something egregious enough to make it worth the effort.

      The implicit threat of federation

      In a federated architecture, most users tend to coalesce around one provider. Few actually want to run their own server, but the fact that that option exists, acts as an implicit threat which keeps the current host honest.

    5. In a way, the notification center on a mobile device has become the federation point for all communication apps, similar to how older desktop IM clients unified communication across multiple IM networks.

      Mobile device's notification centers are federation points for communication apps

      The notification center in our phones acts as a hub where messages show up from WhatsApp, Telegram, SMS etc. analogous to how older desktop IM clients unified communication across multiple networks.

    6. Federation gives us more collective control over what changes we accept, but that comes with an unacceptable inability to adapt.

      A federated model requires some type of consensus to form to accept changes. This is great to promote consensus, but reaching consensus takes time and results in an inability to adapt quickly.

  7. Oct 2020
    1. So that’s already a huge advantage over other platforms due the basic design. And in my opinion it’s got advantages over the other extreme, too, a pure peer-to-peer design, where everyone would have to fend for themselves, without the pooled resources.

      Definitely something the IndieWeb may have to solve for.

    2. Mastodon deliberately does not support arbitrary search. If someone wants their message to be discovered, they can use a hashtag, which can be browsed. What does arbitrary search accomplish? People and brands search for their own name to self-insert into conversations they were not invited to. What you can do, however, is search messages you posted, received or favourited. That way you can find that one message on the tip of your tongue.
    1. 2011-06-23 at OSBridge2011 having lunch with Ward, Tantek exclaimed: The Read Write Web is no longer sufficient. I want the Read Fork Write Merge Web. #osb11 lunch table. #diso #indieweb

      This is what I want too!

    1. And we see that develop into the web as we know it today. A web of “hey this is cool” one-hop links. A web where where links are used to create a conversational trail (a sort of “read this if you want to understand what I am riffing on” link) instead of associations of ideas. The “conversational web”. A web obsessed with arguing points. A web seen as a tool for self-expression rather than a tool for thought. A web where you weld information and data into your arguments so that it can never be repurposed against you. The web not as a reconfigurable model of understanding but of sealed shut presentations.
    1. We are beginning a renovation of our main library at Northeastern University, Snell Library, and have been talking with architects (some of them very well-known), and I’ve found the discussions utterly invigorating. I would like to find some way to blog or newsletter about the process we will go through over the next few years, and to think aloud about the (re)design and (future) function of the library. I’m not sure if that should occur in this space or elsewhere, although the thought of launching another outlet fills me with dread. Let me know if this topic would interest you, and if I should include it here.

      Definitely interesting. Please include it here or on your main site!!!

    1. Un premier élément qui marque la spécificité du milieu numérique se joue dans la nature du texte numérique, devenu à la fois support, dispositif et milieu.
    2. je retiens en particulier le fait que l’éditorialisation est un processus. Cette notion est importante, car elle marque une rupture avec l’édition.

      architecture (de l'information) -> processus (par opposition à une structure, statique, comme un livre)

      ainsi architecture et éditorialisation (comme phénomènes numériques) sont liées

    1. Here's one quick way to test if your application has properly segregated itself between the Model, View, and Controller roles: is your app skinnable? My experience is that designers don't understand loops or any kind of state. They do understand templates with holes in them. Everybody understands mail merge. And if you say, "Apply the bold template to this hole," they kind of get that, too. So separating model and view addresses this very important practical problem of how to have designers work with coders. The other problem is there is no way to do multiple site skins properly if you don't have proper separation of concerns. If you are doing code generation or sites with different skins on them, there is no way to properly make a new skin by simply copying and pasting the old skin and changing it. If you have the view and the logic together, when you make a copy of the view you copy the logic as well. That breaks one of our primary rules as developers: have only one place to change anything.

      An effective way of testing whether your app practices separation of concerns within the MVC paradigm is whether or not it is "skinnable"

    1. In 1972 David L. Parnas published a classic paper entitled On the Criteria To Be Used in Decomposing Systems into Modules. It appeared in the December issue of the Communications of the ACM, Volume 15, Number 12. In this paper, Parnas compared two different strategies for decomposing and separating the logic in a simple algorithm. The paper is fascinating reading, and I strongly urge you to study it. His conclusion, in part, is as follows: “We have tried to demonstrate by these examples that it is almost always incorrect to begin the decomposition of a system into modules on the basis of a flowchart. We propose instead that one begins with a list of difficult design decisions or design decisions which are likely to change. Each module is then designed to hide such a decision from the others.”

      Parnas published a paper in 1972 about what heuristics are best to decide when to decompose a system into modules.

      His conclusion is that it is almost always wrong to start with a representation such as a flowchart (because things change).

      Instead he recommends focusing on a list of difficult design decisions, or decisions, once made, that will likely change. Then design each module is designed to hide such decisions from others.

    1. Domain-driven design separates the model layer “M” of MVC into an application, domain and infrastructure layer. The infrastructure layer is used to retrieve and store data. The domain layer is where the business knowledge or expertise is. The application layer is responsible for coordinating the infrastructure and domain layers to make a useful application. Typically, it would use the infrastructure to obtain the data, consult the domain to see what should be done, and then use the infrastructure again to achieve the results.

      Domain Driven Design separates the the Model in the MVC architecture into an application layer, an infrastructure layer and a domain layer.

      The business logic lives in the domain layer. The infrastructure layer is used to retrieve and store data. The application layer is responsible for coordinating between the domain and infrastructure layer.

  8. Sep 2020
    1. He claims that chip makers have erected a new Berlin Wall in between the user and the microprocessor: “And so, software— a billion- dollar enterprise based on one of the cheapest elements on Earth— used everything at its disposal to prevent said ‘humans’ from having access to hardware” (209).

      accès au microprocesseur: le mur de Berlin comme parallèle architectural + géopolitique

      les microprocesseurs créent une barrière, mais dans un sens différent: une barrière d’échelle (difficulté d’accès parce que les puces sont microscopiques, elles ne peuvent être manipulées à mains nues).

    2. If code governs so much of our lives, then to understand its operations is to get some sense of the systems that operate on us.

      pour une architecture (espaces habitables) de l’information (environnements informationnels)

      Comment rendre l’information habitable?

    1. Developing software is usually easier if you break your project into smaller separate pieces, since that often removes unexpected interactions and dramatically reduces the complexity of the problems you'll need to solve
  9. Aug 2020
    1. The RAT model sees software development as an off-line program-construction activity composed of these parts: defining, decomposing, estimating, implementing, assembling, and finishing

      This is what can lead to the 'there is only version 1.0' problem - and improvements / iterations fall to the sidelines.

      This can have a number of consequences

      • over designed / engineered
      • doing unnecessary work
      • lack of user feedback and ability to accommodate it
      • rigid / fragile architecture
    1. Choice architecture is a concept introduced in the book Nudge by Richard Thaler (who would go on to win a Nobel Prize for some of this work) and Cass Sunstein. The basic concept is that how an environment is designed influences the decisions people make in that environment.



    1. “When the environment itself is constituted by electric circuitry and information, architecture becomes the content of the new information environment. Architecture is the old technology which is automatically elevated into an art form.”
    2. electronics presents new challenges to planners because this latest prosthetic extension of the body defines an entirely new form of space.
    1. reducing the presence of those things we usually call “architecture” demands that we return to what is most effective about architecture and the way it frames social relationships
  10. Jul 2020
  11. Jun 2020
    1. Mr. Speyer’s most famous work is the Ben Rose House near Chicago, a modern glass box known for its supporting role in the 1986 movie ”Ferris Bueller’s Day Off.” Mr. Speyer studied architecture under famed modernist Mies van der Rohe at the Illinois Institute of Technology, and later became curator of 20th century painting and sculpture at the Art Institute of Chicago.

      architecture, art, Ferris Bueller's Day Off

    2. Mr. Speyer was critical of American home-building bombast, declaring in a 1986 interview conducted by the Art Institute of Chicago shortly before his death, “I think the typical suburban style is really not at all based in comfort, it’s based in ostentation,” he said. “Everybody,” he added, is “putting a centerpiece on the table.”
    1. This integration of digital tools and automated technologies into building practices has become ever-more urgent in light of the agility that will be required to cope with the effects of climate change, including the increased mobility of people and reduction in material and human resources. Architecture that could accommodate more people in the event of mass migration, or construction practices that could efficiently utilise local resources instead of relying on global supply chains, are possible results of digitising the production of the built environment.

      As long as the tools are made freely available to the public, lest the control shift to those who own/control such tools (proprietary software in the hands of large digital coroporations).

  12. May 2020
    1. The overall software architecture is actioning years of developers experiences through Uncle Bob's Clean Architecture. Thanks to Lerna and Yarn workspaces, GanttLab now comes with the entities, use-cases and gateways packages that are used by the adapter-webapp making up the web application on https://app.ganttlab.com.
    1. What is Serverless Architecture? Its Pros & Cons

      Serverless Architecture is a new way of handling development projects with its thrilling benefits. Still, what benefits of serverless Architecture for you depends on your business needs.

    1. “As I enter the office floor, I see my colleagues, wave to them, and find myself a desk. I overhear some guys talking about an old client of mine. I give them some tips on how I used to handle this client, but I really don’t have time to chitchat. My new client will arrive in an hour; a key account and we cannot afford to lose him. I’m damn nervous and I need to prepare. So, I pick up my laptop and move into one of the available quiet rooms. I close the door and start working.” This straightforward story explains the advantages of the open office, as well as the users’ fears of not being able to concentrate, and the potential business implications of distracted workers. And the story provides a possible design solution (creating ‘quiet rooms’), which proved to be valuable input in the design process (they got their quiet rooms).

      Example of an effective and authentic narrative.

  13. Apr 2020
    1. Web Application Architecture – Its Components & TypesYou are here:HomeApps & SoftwareWeb Application Architecture – Its…

      A web application that works on the remote server with the help of the internet. The app is stored on the remote server and gets delivered over the browser interface.

    1. Guédelon Castle (Château de Guédelon) is a castle currently under construction near Treigny, France. The castle is the focus of an experimental archaeology project aimed at recreating a 13th-century castle and its environment using period technique, dress, and material.

      Guédelon Castle (Château de Guédelon)

      More info on HN

    1. la ville comme teaching machine : cet environnement, réceptacle d’information, devient support d’un apprentissage

      l'architecture en elle-même est donc sémantique, porteuse de sens – et non pas simple support technique.

    2. Ainsi l’architecture a eu, à un moment de l’histoire, la capacité de rendre visibles les supposées qualités (spatiales) d’un environnement numérique en cours de co-construction par les informaticiens et les architectes, un espace redéfini comme pur milieu d’apprentissage
    3. quand l’environnement lui-même est constitué de circuits électroniques et d’information, l’architecture devient le contenu d’un nouvel environnement informationnel

      renversement de l’architecture traditionnelle: dans l’environnement informationnel, le contenant (architecture, comme structure) devient le contenu.

    4. l’architecture comme un cadre d’élaboration de la pensée informatique a été bien documentée

      l’architecture s’entend ainsi comme cadre épistémologique, une condition du réel permettant le cheminement de la pensée, son articulation, sa cristallisation.

    5. dispositif de réorganisation permanente du site par ses habitants

      c’est d'ailleurs la qualité du mobilier urbain que d’être appropriable par ses occupants (ex. déplacer une chaise dans une place publique, ne serait-ce que de quelques centimètres ou en la tournant de quelques degrés: par ce simple geste, on se l'approprie, même si c'est un bien commun; contrairement à un banc fixé dans le béton, la chaise déplaçable permet d'assouplir (soft-en) l’environnement urbain pour qu’il puisse être plié aux usages)

    6. Ainsi, par le recours aux outils informatiques, la pratique architecturale se voit coupée en deux (opérant par là le renversement d’un paradigme accepté par la discipline depuis Alberti) : une partie hard dont l’architecture est responsable, et une partie soft rendue aux habitants

      dualité du régime de vie du projet architectural: la partie hard, la structure, celle dessinée par les architectes, et la partie soft – dynamique, imprévisible, dont s’empare les citoyens.

    1. Au lieu de « Que nul n’entre s’il n’est géomètre » , « Que nul n’entre s’il n’est codeur ».

      excellent slogan pour l'école d'architecture (numérique) du XXI siècle!

    1. Peut-être, au lieu que d’espace numérique, nous devrions parler d’architectures numériques, en donnant au mot « architecture » une signification à la fois spatiale et temporelle. Le nuage est une architecture, l’infrastructure d’Internet est une architecture, et l’ensemble d’algorithmes, données, plateformes et câbles est une architecture.
    2. Arrêtons-nous-y : parler musicalement de l’espace est une façon de l’investir de temps (au pluriel), de l’aérer avec des rythmes, de changer (par accélération) la hauteur nombrée en durée rythmée.

      la musique comme métaphore de l'exploration de l'espace-temps

  14. Mar 2020
    1. different problems that are sufficiently similar that you can apply a same model to them, but sufficiently different that this model has to be customized considerably to be applicable in each case.

      Equivalent Problems

    1. les communs tendent à se définir par les modalités et l’intention de leur gouvernance, plus que par la seule préservation de ressources. C’est cette architecture de gouvernance en mouvement, et l’écosystème humain qui en résulte, qui constituent les communs.

      questionne la finalité des communs et renverse ce qui est commun : «l'architecture de gouvernance en mouvement»

  15. Feb 2020
  16. Jan 2020
    1. le numérique permet l’optimisation des flux et des ressources, rassemble des compétences, orchestre le dialogue et les échanges. Lien entre les différentes composantes de la ville, le numérique crée désormais des ponts entre les environnements tangibles et virtuels. Dès lors, cette ville « augmentée » rythmée par les connexions et la mobilité, offre de nouvelles opportunités pour le design dans la conception de services et la création de nouvelles expériences pour les citadins.

      esquisse du rôle du numérique dans la nos manières de penser l'urbanisme

    1. Dans ces cas, les raisons d’agir rendent un service inestimable en révélant pourquoi des opérations de conception ont été entreprises.
    2. Le parallélisme entre les deux formules (1) et (2) suggère de rapprocher échelles E et raisons d’agir R du concepteur. Démontrer l’équivalence des échelles et des raisons d’agir revient à établir E  ⊂  R et R  ⊂  E.

      implication biconditionnelle entre l’échelle et la raison d’agir

    3. cet article s’interroge sur le cœur ou « part commune » des activités de conception. Celle-ci suggère tout à la fois l’unité des sciences de la conception et l’approche internaliste des processus de conception
  17. Dec 2019
    1. elle prend du même coup une dimension utopique. Dans ce monde saturé d’images et de messages, il n’y a de sortie et d’espoir que du côté de l’utopie?: c’est ce que l’architecture a compris, à l’insu peut-être des architectes.

      L’architecture comme utopie (fragmentaire) : esthétique du reflet (fragments brillants éclatés), pour un monde idéal (qui n’existe pas encore).

  18. Nov 2019
    1. Le beau et la forme : éléments architecturaux et musicaux

      Proust évoque souvent des sentiments puissants que nous éprouvons, relatifs au beau (effet esthétique).

      Dans ce passage, il est question d’abstraction (formes abstraites, comme en architecture), ce qui rejoint le texte d’Eupalinos de Valéry :

      Ce sont les formes de cette <mark>syntaxe</mark>, mises à nu, respectées, embellies par son ciseau si franc et si délicat, qui nous émeuvent dans ces tours de langage familiers jusqu’à la singularité et jusqu’à l’audace et dont nous voyons, dans les morceaux les plus doux et les plus tendres, passer comme un <mark>trait rapide ou revenir en arrière</mark> en <mark>belles lignes brisées</mark>, le <mark>brusque dessin</mark>. Ce sont ces formes révolues prises à même la vie du passé que nous allons visiter dans l’œuvre de Racine comme dans une cité ancienne et demeurée intacte. Nous éprouvons devant elles la même émotion que devant ces <mark>formes abolies, elles aussi, de l’architecture</mark>, que nous ne pouvons plus admirer que dans de rares et magnifiques exemplaires que nous en a léguées le passé qui les façonna […] (p. 193)

      Il est beaucoup question de forme (« syntaxe », « lignes », « dessin », « formes abolies »).

      (Proust mentionne aussi une qualité remarquable et chère à Valéry, la durabilité – les « exemplaires » sont remarquables parce qu’ils ont traversé le temps.)

      Proust ne s’arrête pas en parlant d’architecture (il a notamment étendu son propos à « tous les arts », p. 190); il poursuit avec un discours autour du rythme et des silences (un autre aspect formaliste, relativement à la musicalité) :

      Souvent dans l’Évangile de saint Luc, rencontrant les <mark>*deux-points*</mark> qui l’interrompent avant chacun des morceaux presque en forme de cantiques dont il est parsemé, j’ai entendu le <mark>silence</mark> du fidèle qui venait d’arrêter sa lecture à haute voix pour entonner les versets suivants comme un <mark>psaume</mark> qui lui rappelait les psaumes plus anciens de la Bible. <mark>Ce silence remplissait encore la pause de la phrase</mark> qui, s’étant scindée pour l’enclore, en avait gardé la <mark>forme</mark> […] (p. 193-194)

      Proust s’attarde à des éléments très subtils de la forme (les « deux-points », les silences, les psaumes, les textes chantés) qui ne sont pas sans évoquer la musique, la « spatialisation des sons » ou encore une certaine « mise en forme » de la parole.

      Le rythme (c’est de la forme) contribue au sentiment de beauté.

    1. Cette étendue de leurs pouvoirs est le triomphe même de ce mode de construire dont je te parlais.

      Le pouvoir est aux philosophes-architectes-poètes; ce pouvoir est total.

    2. L’élégance inattendue nous enivre.

      L’architecture ne peut s’en remettre qu’aux seules lois mathématiques; il y a d’autres principes qui produisent l’effet esthétique; le hic, c’est que, contrairement aux mathématiques, ces principes sont flous.

    3. comment trouver les principes ?

      Ah! La belle question épistémologique des principes de l’architecture.

      (Une piste : Principes universels du Design, ouvrage publié chez Eyerolles, réunit de nombreux principes applicables notamment en architecture, reposant sur des textes fondateurs et des études en psychologie : organisation de l'espace urbain, environnement et sécurité, mais aussi des effets a posteriori, après la construction, comme les boucles de rétroaction).

    4. Mais l’arbre et toutes ses parties ; et le coq, et toutes les siennes, sont construits par les principes eux-mêmes, non séparés de la construction.

      La construction fait unité!

      L’architecte-philosophe s’assure que son projet se tienne en un, malgré ses différentes parties (la nature et les corps organiques offrent un bel exemple). L’unité est une qualité de la construction!

    5. conçois comme si j’exécutais

      L'architecte fait correspondre la conception (planification) et l'exécution (réalisation) – c'est l'objectif ultime de l'architecte, penseur-démiurge!

    1. What does composition have to do with mocking?Everything. The essence of all software development is the process of breaking a large problem down into smaller, independent pieces (decomposition) and composing the solutions together to form an application that solves the large problem (composition).
  19. Oct 2019
    1. statue of Garibald

      dedicated to Giuseppe Garibaldi, it's a statue of an Italian general.

    2. Albanian Orthodox Church,

      The Autocephalous Orthodox Church of Albania is one of the newest autocephalous Eastern Orthodox Churches. It declared its autocephaly in 1922 through its Congress of 1922. The church suffered during World War II and the church has seen a revival since religious freedom was restored in 1991. Source from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Albanian_Orthodox_Church.

  20. Sep 2019
  21. Aug 2019
    1. There’s a perception that the Old World is the advanced world and transferred all this knowledge to the New one, but we are realizing that they knew a lot, and I think this is one more piece of evidence for that

      It's refreshing to see someone coming to this conclusion based on the research and evidence. It seems most of the time we tend to underestimate the technology that civilizations in this era used.

    2. What happened here is that these rocks were struck by lightning sometime between when they were formed many thousands of years ago, and when they were carved

      It kinda makes you wonder if it wasn't struck by lightning naturally but that the people did it to the rocks intentionally.

    3. The fields found in the statues, however, are far stronger — in some cases nearly four times that of the Earth’s magnetic field.

      That's quite impressive. It's on the same order of magnetisim as the rocks at the Puma Punku site in Bolivia.

    4. artisans carved the figures so that the magnetic areas fell at the navel or right temple — suggesting not only that Mesoamerican people were familiar with the concept of magnetism but also that they had some way of detecting the magnetized spots

      The potbelly statues have very strong magnetic areas on the head and around the belly button suggesting that the people who made them had knowledge of magnetism.

  22. Jul 2019
    1. There are several different architectures that can be used by Android developers: Stable samples — Java Stable samples — Kotlin External samples Deprecated samples Samples in progress Of course, each of these samples should be used depending on the objectives, approaches, etc. Having explored them, we’ve come up with a more understandable approach and a less layered architecture for our projects. Utilizing this architecture, we’ll show how to develop a basic Android app.

      We explain the development process of Android applications using Kotlin. Our team describes Android application architecture as well as makes the Android Clean architecture easier to understand.

  23. May 2019
    1. Cahokia, as it may have appeared around 1150 CE. Painting by Michael Hampshire for the Cahokia Mounds State Historic Site.

      This structure reminds me of the pyramids. It's interesting how cultures thoughout the world tend to share the same shapes of structures.

    1. A gradual decline in the Cahokian population is thought to have began sometime after 1200 A.D. and two centuries later, the entire site had been abandoned.

      Interestingly, the Mayan declined around the same time as this civilization began.

    2. Archaeologists have also excavated four, and possibly five, circular sun calendars referred to as Woodhenge.

      Again there is a connection to megalithic architecture's large sundials

    1. There was also an astronomical observatory (“Woodhenge”), consisting of a circle of wooden posts.

      This term "Woodhenge" further points to an acknowledgment of the similarities between this site and other pyramid sites.

  24. Apr 2019
    1. expressed through many different mediums: rituals, ceremonies, paintings, poems, drama, oral texts such as prayers and music such as hymns, symphonies and folk songs

      in the case of the transparency myth, we see it built into the very institution of the Court, glass everywhere, social media use, etc.

  25. Mar 2019
    1. Q&A: How to Develop ‘Program Architecture’

      Discusses they ways in which Kacey Thorne of WGU, outlines plans for developing underlying competencies for online programs. Program architecture refers to the connect of skills and competencies for specific industries linking back to a network of what students will learn in school through offered programs. This is necessary for creating relevant programs that teach translatable skills for the real world after college. Rating 10/10

  26. Feb 2019
  27. Dec 2018
    1. Cette conjecture suppose que si l’ambition est de créer « une configuration sociale où la rencontre entre des entités individuées engage intentionnellement à la conception de représentations communes », alors, et sous des formes extrêmement variées, se succèdent différentes séquences qu’il est à priori possible de créer, d’inventer, de standardiser.

      de la conjoncture à l'architecture. Il semble y avoir un delta important entre les deux. Dans le tiers-lieu, l'acte d'architecture (conception intentionnelle) est commun, et vient plutôt après (parce que) une conjoncture. Finalement dans les tiers-lieu ainsi définis, l'architecture est celle des représentations communes.

  28. Nov 2018
    1. One way to identify cycles is to build a dependency graph representing all services in the system and all RPCs exchanged among them. Begin building the graph by putting each service on a node of the graph and drawing directed edges to represent the outgoing RPCs. Once all services are placed in the graph, the existing dependency cycles can be identified using common algorithms such as finding a topological sorting via a depth-first search. If no cycles are found, that means the services' dependencies can be represented by a DAG (directed acyclic graph).
  29. Apr 2018
  30. Mar 2018
    1. It would be fair to characterize Beaker as “a novel application of Bittorrent’s concepts to the Web platform.” If Beaker had been started in 2006, it would be using Bittorrent as its primary protocol. However, as of 2016, new variants have appeared with better properties.
  31. Dec 2017
  32. Nov 2017
    1. Alexander replied: “I find that incomprehensible. I find it very irresponsible. I find it nutty. I feel sorry for the man. I also feel incredibly angry because he is fucking up the world.”


  33. engagements2017-18.as.virginia.edu