86 Matching Annotations
  1. Aug 2019
  2. Jul 2019
    1. I do not actually know of a real findability index, but tools in the field of information retrieval could be applied to develop one. One of the unsolved problems in the field is how to help the searcher to determine if the information simply is not available.
    2. Although some have written about information overload, data smog, and the like, my view has always been the more information online, the better, so long as good search tools are available. Sometimes this information is found by directed search using a web search engine, sometimes by serendipty by following links, and sometimes by asking hundreds of people in our social network or hundreds of thousands of people on a question answering website such as Answers.com, Quora, or Yahoo Answer
    1. Compared with neural networks configured by a pure grid search,we find that random search over the same domain is able to find models that are as good or betterwithin a small fraction of the computation time.
  3. citeseerx.ist.psu.edu citeseerx.ist.psu.edu
    1. faceted sea

      it's a technique which involves augmenting traditional search techniques with a faceted navigation system, allowing users to narrow down search results by applying multiple filters based on faceted classification of the items

  4. Jun 2019
    1. This is why annotation matters.

      Google has accelerated this by using search to better link pieces of knowledge in the modern world, but scholars have been linking thoughts manually for centuries.

  5. May 2019
    1. mightthosewhoareintheminorityeverbeabletoinfluenceorcontrolthewaytheyarerepresentedinasearchengine?

      If the majority rules search engine results, the majority could also rule over the content. if the majority of the online population are sexist, then the majority of the results when searching even a simple/general term such as "cars" could be more searched by men, but also have more content created by men, especially men who are "middle class" or higher who could afford to purchase a car and own a technology capable of using a search engine.

      It makes me think... What searches would come from people who were struggling financially and did not usually have access to a computer? What would they search first? And how would that impact the popular searches and content?

      The majority of Canada's populace are not low income, but what would happen to results in other countries (or even ours)where low income is the majority, and they were all given access to search technologies?

  6. Feb 2019
  7. Oct 2018
  8. Sep 2018
    1. Then, venturing further into the store: this is what we happen to have.

      I'm also reminded here of the idea of serendipity. Perhaps I go into a library looking for a specific topic and browse to that section via Dewey decimal. What about the serendipity of finding something interesting in that same section (or even nearby sections) that I wasn't specifically looking for?

      Google's search ranking rarely if ever unearths this sort of serendipitous material.

  9. Aug 2018
    1. Mastodon deliberately does not support arbitrary search. If someone wants their message to be discovered, they can use a hashtag, which can be browsed. What does arbitrary search accomplish? People and brands search for their own name to self-insert into conversations they were not invited to. What you can do, however, is search messages you posted, received or favourited. That way you can find that one message on the tip of your tongue.
  10. Jul 2018
    1. A good resource to keep in mind for future lessons:) Found this website using a custom google search engine

    1. Using information technology has become an important skill for students and employees. As a teacher wishing to use the Internet your options are typically to either provide students with specific links or have them “Google” to find information on the Internet. Using Google can yield interesting and unexpected results. Creating a list of specific links is time consuming and does not teach the students how to search the web.

      This is a good point- typically teachers either give students a list of links or let them use google free reign. Creating a custom google search engine for the class may help

  11. Jun 2018
    1. (Remember when every news site published the piece, “What Time Is the Super Bowl?”)

      This is a great instance for Google's box that simply provides the factual answer instead of requiring a click through.

    1. "Information retrieval is not about finding how much tannin there is in an apple," he declared in his San Francisco office. "It's about letting everyone publish." With that, he was off on a long rant about how organizing the Web matters, because, as Architext's Spencer had told me, "it's about people finding people, not people finding information." Indexing the Web allows the 40 people interested in Bulgarian folksinging to find each other, it allows fans of long-forgotten TV shows to get together and reminisce. It creates communities.
  12. May 2018
    1. Ironically, DWYL reinforces exploitation even within the so-called lovable professions where off-the-clock, underpaid, or unpaid labor is the new norm:

      Doing what you love, isolates and degrades other workforces and elevates others and more so, the ones of higher economic class. One should be paid fair dues as per their work and have good working conditions. She wants people to realize that they deserve goods jobs and they should never settle for less in the name of doing what they love.

    2. limits

      The article argues different theories regarding doing what is right, with the bigger question being is it wrong for people to strive to be able to do what they love. But, at the same time, what is the limit of people seeking what they love without overstepping the boundaries?

  13. Apr 2018
    1. It’s striking that we likely have author information provided as metadata on the majority of articles published today, but almost none of our reading tools expose this information in useful ways, or let us search or explore using the metadata.

      This is a really really important point.

  14. Mar 2018
  15. Feb 2018
  16. Dec 2017
    1. Still at a starting point, we have neither ‘advanced’ nor remained unmoved.

      The cover of Ken Macrorie's textbook, The I-Search Paper, has a moebius strip on it, reflecting this sentiment nicely.<br>

      But the conceit of the moebius strip extends from the back cover as well

      So, you start reading this book on the back cover, nice twist, just like in a moebius strip. You work through the text by doing. Then when you are done, you get to the end and out the back of the book you go onto the back cover, to enter again. Escher would approve. That is what I see happening here. In the end this process serves the product, the text that is produced for anyone concerned.

  17. Nov 2017
    1. having students do a basic Google image search for terms like “doctor” “teacher” “baby”

      It may sound obvious but it actually works. Just did it with each of these three words (on DuckDuckGo) and the results, though unsurprising, bring home the point. Tried switching on the Canadian filter, to check if their might be a difference, and it mostly reorders the results, for some reason. Also tried “student” and “musician” which provide an interesting contrast. Doing this exercise in class, would probably start by asking learners to write down what they expect to get. (Might even do it in my applied anthro class, tomorrow.)

    2. In this particular case, Google worked as a kind of amplifier of distortion.
    1. As an index, people have different expectations on search result neutrality. Some want Google Search to be entirely neutral, some demand immediate action to remove some results. The European Union has both demanded GOOG to comply with removal requests, and fined GOOG for not being neutral in shopping queries. It is not beneficial for GOOG to assume the role of an impartial arbiter of content, since it’s not supporting their business model. Quite the contrary, they are under public scrutiny from multiple governments, potentially risking their reputation.
  18. Oct 2017
    1. People tend to believe what the read on the web, whether it is true or not. Public opinion can easily be swayed with misinformation whether accidental or intentional. One must rely on trustworthy and reliable sources before coming to a conclusion on any subject.

      I agree with Nancy that information people find on the Internet may not be as useful and it can be falsified. An example would be Wikipedia as any person could modify the content of the information in it.

    2. Trends have been incorporated into the search engine rankings that determine what pages rise to the top of the list. The positive impact is search results that show the most likely needed pages at the top of the list. The negative impact is having the algorithm making assumptions of what is wanted.

      I agree with Nancy. These pages that are ranked higher are only based on assumptions from the search algorithm due to the fact that the website are from notable corporations/company and are linked to a lot of other other websites. However, the credibility of its contents may not come from an expert or whatsoever.

    3. Yes, I agree. People are depending too much on the ability to “Google” information instead of learning it. Although being able to search for any information you may need is convenient, knowledge that used to be considered basic need-to-know information is no longer considered so. Take for instance changing a flat tire. How many people under the age of 40 can tell you how to do it, without “Googling” it?

      I completely agree with you. After the popularity of Google rose, the reliance on convenient and fast information increased. Many millennials lack the skill of performing research without Google or an online search engine/

    1. No, it should not. Information is so easily changed, altered, and manipulated by other users that you can never trust a search engine completely. It is important that researchers should never trust only one search engine and get the facts from a few different places.

      I said the same thing. If researchers are getting there information for the internet then we dont know whats true.

    1. I personally delete my search history because I don’t like people knowing my business.

      I understand this and it makes a lot of sense. People think everything that is theres is always safe.

    1. The difference between Figure 4.10 and Figure 4.11 is that Figure 4.10 is uncensored while figure 4.11 is censored. There are differences even though they are both a Google search is because the Chinese government does not want certain information to be released to the public. While from the U.S point of view, nothing is censored because there are certain laws which prevent the government from censoring certain content.

      It is very interesting to have the opportunity to compare and contrast what online searches look like online in different parts of the world. It is unfortunate to see that places like China do not have the freedoms of accessing any information that they are curious about, however, it should inspire us to take advantage of what liberties we have on the Internet.

    1. I agree, people at this day in age are turning to the internet for information. We rather look something up on the internet than going to the library to find out more information about something. Searching things via the Internet is our future.

      I also agree with what Caroline had to say about the claim of search engines changing the way we think. With information becoming so easily accessible, people can be seen as getting lazier with accessing information.

    1. I agree. People now depend on the Internet for every little tidbit of information. They also assume that the information is always correct. This changes how we access information (through computers and phones instead of books and encyclopedias) and how we perceive it (less emphasis on source and more emphasis on it’s location on the web pages).

      I agree, the internet now a days is being used in so many different situations. No one is going to just go to the library in order to find out more information about something when they can just look it up on the internet in a quick second. The ability of searching a lot of information in a short period of time and having it in one place is very useful. People do not need to look for hours upon hours to find one concise answer, they just need to search it on the internet.

  19. Sep 2017
    1. You don’t go to Facebook, Reddit, Twitter, or Instagram because you’re looking for something, rather, you want to see what it has found for you.

      This is a critical distinction.

    1. These analyses offer a theory-motivated method of gauging collaborative search efficiency beyondthe analysis of mean RTs

      This is interesting!

  20. Jul 2017
  21. Jun 2017
    1. we’re at a pivotal point not just in the life of our democracy, but in how we think, read, and make choices. Selective information is being presented to us in a way that encourages selective reading and offers psychological and social rewards for, to put it bluntly, being stupid and submissive and spreading stupid to submit others.


      What’s different now is that this propaganda is being gamed by professionals in a massive, orchestrated data campaign at a volume, pace, and consistency that not only muddies the truth, but completely eclipses the truth. Destroys the very notion of truth.


      The truth about the truth is that we believe because we want to, because our ability to think independently is a point of pride for Americans. The people behind the curtain are telling us the same story we tell ourselves about ourselves. But this is also a vulnerability: Independence is in its purist form a kind of division. If you exploit it the right way, you can turn a democracy against itself.

  22. May 2017
  23. citeseerx.ist.psu.edu citeseerx.ist.psu.edu
    1. Faster Approximate String Matching Baeza-Yates and G. Navarro, R. Algorithmica (1999) 23: 127. doi:10.1007/PL00009253

  24. Apr 2017
    1. Google is countering fake news and extremism by updating their search rankings, and taking direct feedback from users.

    1. Google is adding a Fact Check feature to Google Search and Google News. When fact checks are available from one or more approved publishers, they will appear in the search results.

      One requirement for publishers to be cited is to use the schema.org ClaimReview markup, or the Share the Facts widget.

  25. Feb 2017
    1. Imagine searching for “401k matching” and instead of just receiving relevant messages or files, you also get a list of people in HR that can answer your question, or a list of channels for your query where you might be able to find the information you are looking for, or even a list of commonly asked questions relevant to that topic with links to the channel where each one was answered.

      This would be good.

    2. Relevant search relaxes the age constraint and takes into account the Lucene score of the document — how well it matches the query terms (Solr powers search at Slack).


    3. Recent search finds the messages that match all terms, and presents them in reverse chronological order.


    4. On average, 20% of a knowledge worker’s day is spent looking for the information they need to get their work done.


  26. Jan 2017
    1. doesn’t mean that it’s impossible to design and create better versions that maximize the benefits while minimizing the problems

      Who are these mythical platform developers? And why wouldn't they follow in the footsteps of the very profitable publishers?

    1. Boolean satisfiability problem

      This is just one specific type of the classes of satisfiability problems (a.k.a. search problems).

      Other related problems include: Linear equation satisfiability, Linear inequality satisfiability, 0-1 integer linear equation satisfiability.

      Given the current context (of search problems), all the above are known as NP problems in general (with the observation, that the classic definition of NP limited the scope to only YES-NO problems).

      One can think of search problems as "one of many ways of characterizing the set of problems that form the basis of the study of intractability". Other ways include viewing such problems through the lenses of decision problems or optimization problems. In other words, problems in any of the aforementioned types can be translated between (or more formally, reduced to) each other with relative ease.

      Source(s): http://algs4.cs.princeton.edu/66intractability/

    2. efficiently solves

      a.k.a. guarantees a poly-time solution for any SAT problem instance.

  27. Dec 2016
    1. Google has adjusted their search results (or the ranking algorithm itself) for "did the holocaust happen". Previously, a page on a white supremacist site had been the top result. That page still appears, but now a little lower in the results.

      Sites that promote hate, violence, extremism, and lies should automatically be ranked very low. Google needs to start acting responsibly.

    1. “a-r-e”. And then “j-e-w-s”.

      If you flip the words around to "jews are..." you don't get predictive searches. Why? I guess it doesn't think of the words as a question. Check out the related searches at the bottom of my page with this query.

      How in the world can these results be so skewed? Is there an active community of antisemitic folks actually looking for self-justification or is this a gaming of the search system?

  28. Nov 2016
    1. Summary: Displaying faceted-search controls on mobile devices in a ‘tray’ overlay is a new effective solution to the challenge of showing both results and filters on small screens.
    1. During mobile e-commerce usability study Baymard Institute observed that more than 50% of users tried to “search within” their currently navigated category path, in an attempt to “filter the product list on my screen with a search query”. However, 94% of mobile e-commerce sites and apps do not support such behavior.
  29. Oct 2016
    1. Find the layer entitled WSDOT Traffic Sections

      The quickest way to find it is to type "WSDOT Traffic Sections" in the search box on the top right of the wsdot arcgis site.

  30. Aug 2016
    1. Page 6

      Borgman on the importance of scale in information retrieval. It's an interesting question for the humanities not only does large-scale introduce new methods for example just reading it also makes traditional methods more difficult EG challenges close reading. It is not enough to say (as color and others do) that they don't like distant reading. They also need to say how they propose doing the reading in a million book environment.

      data and information have always been both input and output of research. What is new is the scale of the data and information involved. Information management is notoriously subject to problems of scale [bibliography removed]. Retrieval methods designed for small databases declined rapidly ineffectiveness as collections grow in size. For example a typical searcher is willing to browse a set of matches consisting of one percent of a database of 1000 documents (10 documents), maybe willing to browse a 1% set of 10,000 documents (100), rarely is willing to browse 1% of 100,000 documents (1000), and almost never would browse 1% of 1 million or 10 million documents.

    2. Page 156

      Borgman discusses a couple of things that are useful for me. The first is how students discover what they miss from the library after they graduate and no longer have access to journals.

      The second is that this passage supplies some evidence for the claim that things that are not online no longer exist as far as such behavior is concerned.

      There's some bibliography at the end of the passage covering both of these points in the print book.

      Scholars seem to be even more dependent on library services for access to scholarly publications than in the past. Personal subscriptions to journals have declined substantially. Faculty and students have been known to panic when unable to access online library services, whether due to system failures or incorrect authentication settings. Students' dependence on these services becomes especially apparent when they graduate and no longer have access. Librarians learned early in the days of online catalogs that people rely on online sources, even if those sources are incomplete. Older material accessible only via the card catalog was quickly "widowed," which was a primary motivation for libraries to complete the retrospective conversion of card catalogs to digital form. The same phenomenon occurred with online access to journals. The more access that libraries provide, the greater the depth of coverage that users expect. The use of printed indexes in libraries has dropped to near zero, although printed finding aids remain popular in archives.

  31. Jul 2016
    1. Page 155

      Boardman on The Change-Up brought on by the web as to the most important consideration in Source selection sharing information retrieval by scientist

      One of the findings worth revisiting is the prior to the 1990s, accessibility was the most important consideration and Source selection. Has information access improved, relevance and quality became the most important selection factors, which has implications for the design of searching tools.

  32. Jun 2016
    1. indexer (donc, classer).

      Ok, en fait il s'agit de la catégorisation par l'auteur VS celle effectuée par les moteurs.

  33. Apr 2016
    1. They have an obligation to develop and maintain competence and effectiveness within their area of expertise, to conscientiously prepare and organize their subjec

      Obligation to develop and maintain competence.

    2. VotingFour (4) persons selected through procedures established by the Faculty Council and approved by the General Faculties Council. The procedures shall provide for a system of alternates. Alternates shall replace regular members whose schedules would cause unreasonable delay in a committee’s proceedings or who would have a conflict of interest

      Original Search Committee language

  34. Feb 2016
  35. Jan 2016
    1. The search box on Project Gutenberg uses a special syntax that actually allows more than just simple text searches. You can search by language, subject, author, and many others. For example:

      • The search "l.german" will produce only texts in German.
      • The search "s.shakespeare" will produce only texts about Shakespeare.
      • The search "s.shakespeare l.german" will produce only texts in German about Shakespeare.

      To see a more complete description of the syntax, go to the search page and click the "Help" button on the top-right of the page.

      I haven't figured out how to search for terms with multiple words in these searches. Can someone figure it out? For example, how do you search for "william shakespeare" as a subject rather than just "shakespeare"? Or "old norse" as a language and not just "norse"?

    1. Finding [Silk Road founder Ross] Ulbricht really boiled down to this: a bunch of Google searches done by an investigator for the Internal Revenue Service (IRS).<br> . . .<br> His preferred tool: Google. Particularly the advanced search option that lets you focus in on a date range.<br> . . .<br> Alford couldn’t be at Ulbricht’s arrest, but he did receive a plaque. The NYT reports that Alford’s superiors had it inscribed with this quote from Sherlock Holmes: "The world is full of obvious things which nobody by chance ever observes."

  36. Dec 2015
    1. It would be really cool if there were a "Sky" search mode next to the current set of Classic, Modern, Paper.

  37. Sep 2015
    1. Again, though, if maximum recall is required, it is impossible in ranked retrieval to know what is omitted by new queries, whereas Boolean queries allow the user to control and modify the search until a satisfactory result has been achieved and they therefore also seem better suited to iterative searches.
  38. Jul 2015
  39. Jun 2015
    1. Featured Content

      Test... to show how you can highlight any text (in a map/pdf/html) annotate it, comment on it, tag it, and share it so all visitors can see your notes

      I am a qoute

      I am a link

      I am media

  40. May 2015
    1. That is, the human annotators are likely to assign different relevance labels to a document, depending on the quality of the last document they had judged for the same query. In addi- tion to manually assigned labels, we further show that the implicit relevance labels inferred from click logs can also be affected by an- choring bias. Our experiments over the query logs of a commercial search engine suggested that searchers’ interaction with a document can be highly affected by the documents visited immediately be- forehand.
  41. Apr 2015
    1. Developer

      testing to see if i can search for annotated text within the page - doesn't seem like it

  42. Jan 2014