394 Matching Annotations
  1. Last 7 days
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  2. Oct 2020
    1. Alors que la référence est investie de significations multiples par celui qui la place dans son texte (honorer, critiquer, marquer l’antériorité, préciser, faire acte d’ostentation, etc.), en revanche, la citation efface en une abstraction univoque la diversité des significations contextuelles de la référence qui l’a fait naître.

      C'est là un grand élément qui facilite les manipulations des algorithmes de PageRank. D'où le fait que Google sévisse contre les compagnies qui tentent de manipuler les résultats de recherche de plusieurs manières différentes: https://www.smartinsights.com/search-engine-optimisation-seo/seo-strategy/companies-tried-cheat-google-lost-infographic/.

    1. I first briefly lay out alternative media theory as it existed prior to the dominance of Facebook, Google, and Twitter.

      I've been thinking about it for a while but even if all social sites were interoperable, I suspect that a small handful of 2 or 3 would have the largest market share. This is as the result of some of the network theory and research found in Linked: How Everything Is Connected to Everything Else and What It Means for Business, Science, and Everyday Life by Alberto-Llaszlo Barabasi

    1. And so The Year of Intentional Internet began.

      After reading just a few posts by Desiree Zamora Garcia, I'd like to nominate her to give a keynote at the upcoming IndieWeb Summit in June. I totally want to hear her give a talk with the title Year of Intentional Internet.

    1. We need to debate what kind of hypermedia suit our vision of society - how we create the interactive products and on-line services we want to use, the kind of computers we like and the software we find most useful. We need to find ways to think socially and politically about the machines we develop. While learning from the can-do attitude of the Californian individualists, we also must recognise that the potentiality of hypermedia can never solely be realised through market forces. We need an economy which can unleash the creative powers of hi-tech artisans. Only then can we fully grasp the Promethean opportunities of hypermedia as humanity moves into the next stage of modernity.

      Great ending. These words are as true today as they were 25 years ago.

    1. To summarize his argument, the media industry wants to broaden our definition of the public so that it will be fair game for discussion and content creation, meaning they can create more articles and videos, meaning they can sell more ads. The tech industry wants everything to be public because coding for privacy is difficult, and because our data, if public, is something they can sell. Our policy makers have failed to define what’s public in this digital age because, well, they don’t understand it and wouldn’t know where to begin. And also, because lobbyists don’t want them to.
  3. solidproject.org solidproject.org
    1. The last login you'll ever need Solid provides for the first time a single global logon system, so that when you log into any web site, instead of having to log in with the usual 'f' and 'g', etc, blue buttons, and then be tracked by Facebook, Google, or some other large social network, instead you can log in with any Solid provider you trust, and that won't track you.
  4. Sep 2020
    1. durch politische Entscheidungen der großen Spieler

      Ehrlicherweise gab es das "globale Internet" ja nie...es war ein Netz des Westens/globalen Nordens... Ansonsten stimme ich zu, dass wir im Zeitalter einer Netz-Zersplitterung sind...aber die ist auch nicht eindimensional...so bietet DSGVO bzw. GDPR eben notwendigen Schutz (Menschenrechte), die US Unternehmen verweigern. Was dazu führt, dass ich etliche Seiten nicht mehr aufrufen kann ohne auf meine Rechte zu verzichten... Das ist ja dann eine "gute Zersplitterung"...

    1. The Chelicerae popped up on the occasional paranormal site or edgy message board, each time accompanied by a now-defunct link. According to those who followed such things, all you had to do was start a new thread as a Guest, something Greg had been instructed to make sure was possible, and the title of that thread should be the name of someone you want dead. As the stories went, you would receive a reply almost immediately, and it would simply ask you for a story. You would have to write out, and post, in full, a horrible event that had happened to you, or someone that you loved. All the instructions were very clear that the target would only die, if the account satisfied the “Story-spinner.” None of them made any mention of what would happen if it did not.
  5. Aug 2020
    1. although there are concerns about the complexity of the Web creating barriers to entry for new implementations

      See: Gemini

    2. End users are not necessarily a homogenous group

      They also live in different countries with different infrastructure capabilities and in different economic situations. They may also live in the future!

    1. In doing so, it applied technical reasoning informed by principles and the global nature of the Internet; designing Internet standards to suit the laws of one or a few countries isn’t appropriate.

      IETF as an expert of a large-scale system that may behave in ways unexpected

    1. Feldmann, A., Gasser, O., Lichtblau, F., Pujol, E., Poese, I., Dietzel, C., Wagner, D., Wichtlhuber, M., Tapiador, J., Vallina-Rodriguez, N., Hohlfeld, O., & Smaragdakis, G. (2020). The Lockdown Effect: Implications of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Internet Traffic. ArXiv:2008.10959 [Cs]. http://arxiv.org/abs/2008.10959

  6. Jul 2020
    1. By creating a curriculum that allows for problem-based inquiry learning, high-level discussion, and collaboration. One approach, Internet reciprocal teaching, involves problem-based tasks in which readers create their own text. This provides students a path for navigating the Cs of change.

      Problem-based learning to help teach 5 C's (creativity, communication, collaboration, critical thinking, and comprehension

    1. This process involves the following five phases:

      collaboratively identify interest and a question search and sift through information critically evaluate information (credibility and usefulness) Synthesize what they have learned from multimodal sources Online content construction

    1. The story’s charm disguises the invasion of privacy at its heart: the way technology is both eroding our personal boundaries and coercing us in deleterious ways.

      I can't agree more with this! This explains why some people would set their account in private.

    1. It took only a couple decades for the internet to transform from a weird underground hobby to an entirely new medium for the self. One of the earliest draws of internet society was the invitation to become someone else — to obscure the dull strains of your real life behind a veil of mysterious text or behind an avatar, the image or persona you create to represent you online. In those days, it often seemed like people had collectively assented to participate in some degree of fiction about one another. The person on your forum or in your channel who loved to say inflammatory things was just some troll; you could even assume that he wasn’t like that in real life. That these were only mechanisms specific to the character he lived as online.

      May be useful as comparison.

  7. Jun 2020
    1. At the end of the day, TikTok’s flawless algorithm will keep people hooked.

      Byte's flawed algorithm, or lack of one, will keep people hooked to TikTok.

    2. Byte, in contrast, flaunts its origins in the United States and emphasizes privacy. “Explore what’s loved by the community, handpicked by our human editors, or just served up at random,” its description reads.

      I feel like this is a naïve approach. If you decide to be in the business of social media, you need to fully commit to the standards of it, at least to start with. It's naïve to believe that you will be able to compete with such an "honest" approach, when everyone else isn't.

    3. Another issue people have with TikTok is its dependence on artificial intelligence (AI). Using AI technology, TikTok can figure out exactly what the user wants to see based on likes, comments and time spent on a video. Based on what the user appears to enjoy, AI can determine the user’s age, location, socioeconomic status and more. This allows the app to push more desired content. However, since the app pushes such specific content to each user, it’s addictive and invasive.

      Okay, but this is what ever successful social media app (facebook, instagram, youtube, twitter) does. It is "the algorithm" and is certainly not an issue unique to TikTok

    4. a host of concerns have sprung up around national security. TikTok has denied all allegations of espionage, but the United States government is still investigating the app.

      It blows my mind that this is the only concern. How are people not concerned about their PERSONAL privacy, other than national security

    5. It is full of bright colors, moving graphics and bumping music.

      Kind of like...TikTok

    1. The bit.ly links that are created are also very diverse. Its harder to summarise this without offering a list of 100,000 of URL’s — but suffice it to say that there are a lot of pages from the major web publishers, lots of YouTube links, lots of Amazon and eBay product pages, and lots of maps. And then there is a long, long tail of other URL’s. When a pile-up happens in the social web it is invariably triggered by link-sharing, and so bit.ly usually sees it in the seconds before it happens.

      link shortener: rich insight into web activity...

    1. BitTorrent thus demonstrates a key Web 2.0 principle: the service automatically gets better the more people use it. While Akamai must add servers to improve service, every BitTorrent consumer brings his own resources to the party. There's an implicit "architecture of participation", a built-in ethic of cooperation, in which the service acts primarily as an intelligent broker, connecting the edges to each other and harnessing the power of the users themselves.

      web 2.0 in a nutshell: network effect

    1. crowdfunding campaign on Sci-Hub to buy additional drives

      wow wait a minute, does that mean the sci-hub database is a server run locally by alexandra?

    2. I did not tell Science how credentials were donated: either voluntarily or not.

      Hahahah - Surely a donation can't be involuntary

    1. Report of the Secretary-GeneralRoadmap for Digital CooperationJUNE 2020

      Reporte de la secretaría general de Naciones Unidas sobre cooperación digital, 2020

    1. But that is changing.

      who would've thought we'd cycle back to being at war and distance

      as divisive as ever (?)

      how technology is accused of bringing the faraway closer but distancing the nearby

  8. May 2020
    1. In medieval learned cultures (all the material in this volume was producedin learned, even academic circles for purposes of reading and new compo-sition), such a thorough mixing of media, especially the visual and the ver-bal, was commonplace

      This sounds much more like the "learned" world in the modern era using multi-media on the internet.

    1. Most web browsers are set by default to protect your privacy unless you opt for tracking yourself. For example, Internet Explorer automatically enables its “Do Not Track” option and Google Chrome blocks any 3rd-party cookies by default.
    1. Alarmingly, Google now deploys hidden trackers on 76% of websites across the web to monitor your behavior and Facebook has hidden trackers on about 25% of websites, according to the Princeton Web Transparency & Accountability Project. It is likely that Google and/or Facebook are watching you on most sites you visit, in addition to tracking you when using their products.
  9. Apr 2020
    1. Une révolution cognitive ?

      L'auteur utilise cette expression qui évoque un questionnement d'envergure. Sommes-nous face à des événements capables de métamorphoser la façon dont nos fonctions cognitives sont mobilisées? Il s'agit de la question qui restera ouverte mais sera argumentée en nous permettant de la segmenter et d'apercevoir la richesse de ses implications pour appréhender les notions de connaissance et d'apprentissage.

    1. Preprints? What?Alsosometimesreferred to ase-prints, they are digitally-shared,non-peer-reviewed scholarly articles that typically precede publication in a peer-reviewed journal [3]. They have been a part of science since at least the 1960s [4]. In 1990, Tim Berners-Lee created the World Wide Web to help researchers share knowledge easily.

      Definisi preprint

      Preprint adalah makalah yang belum menjalani peninjauan sejawat yang versi digitalnya dibagikan secara daring. Preprint biasanya dibagikan sebelum dikirimkan ke jurnal.

      Preprint bukan barang baru

      Preprint telah dikenal sejak tahun 1960an (bidang biologi/ilmu hayati). Preprint merupakan salah satu produk turunan dari www yang diciptakan pada tahun 1990 oleh Tim Berners-Lee.

    1. Huge web properties were started during this era including Yahoo, Google, Amazon, Facebook, LinkedIn, and YouTube. In the process, the importance of centralized platforms like AOL greatly diminished.
  10. Mar 2020
    1. The aim has always been to help decentralise the internet and provide a platform that hands control back to users.
    1. You can also turn off personalization for your browser by installing the Interest-Based Ads Opt Out extension.
    2. Google is one of many ad networks that personalizes ads based on your activity online. Go to AdChoices to control ads from other ad networks.
    3. Uncheck the box next to "Also use your activity & information from Google services to personalize ads on websites and apps that partner with Google to show ads."
    1. It wouldn’t mean an end to being able to target ads online. Contextual targeting doesn’t require personal data — and has been used successfully by the likes of non-tracking search engine DuckDuckGo for years (and profitably so). It would just mean an end to the really creepy, stalkerish stuff. The stuff consumers hate — which also serves up horribly damaging societal effects, given that the mass profiling of internet users enables push-button discrimination and exploitation of the vulnerable at vast scale.
    1. And if people were really cool about sharing their personal and private information with anyone, and totally fine about being tracked everywhere they go and having a record kept of all the people they know and have relationships with, why would the