271 Matching Annotations
  1. Oct 2020
    1. Kommentar in der NYT zu den mörderischen Folgen der Trump'schen Anti-Wissenschaftspolitik. Wir sollten uns nicht zu sehr darüber erheben: Auch die europäischen Regierungen ignorieren konsequent die Erkenntnisse zu den planetaren Grenzen.

    1. More recently, from 2009 to 2014, Hastrup ran Waterworlds, a major European research project analysing social responses to climate change,[5] followed by fieldwork in Greenland, where she researched the effects of the modern world on a small community of hunters.[6]
    1. The places migrants left behind never fully recovered. Eighty years later, Dust Bowl towns still have slower economic growth and lower per capita income than the rest of the country. Dust Bowl survivors and their children are less likely to go to college and more likely to live in poverty. Climatic change made them poor, and it has kept them poor ever since.

      Intergenerational social problems here; we should be able to learn from the past and not repeat our mistakes.

    2. Part of the problem is that most policies look only 12 months into the future, ignoring long-term trends even as insurance availability influences development and drives people’s long-term decision-making.

      Another place where markets are failing us. We need better regulation for this sort of behavior.

    1. Miya Yoshitani, executive director of the Asian Pacific Environmental Network, which focuses on environmental justice issues affecting working-class Asian and Pacific Islander immigrant and refugee communities.
    2. There's a grassy vacant lot near her apartment where Franklin often takes a break from her job as a landscaping crew supervisor at Bon Secours Community Works, a nearby community organization owned by Bon Secours Health System. It's one of the few places in the neighborhood with a lot of shade — mainly from a large tree Franklin calls the mother shade. She helped come up with the idea to build a free splash park in the lot for residents to cool down in the heat. Now Bon Secours is taking on the project. "This was me taking my stand," Franklin says. "I didn't sit around and wait for everybody to say, 'Well, who's going to redo the park?' "

      Reminiscent of the story in Judith Rodin's The Resilience Dividend about the Kambi Moto neighborhood in the Huruma slum of Nairobi. The area and some of the responsibility became a part of ownership of the space from the government. Meanwhile NPR's story here is doing some of the counting which parallels the Kambi Moto story.

    1. Consumer demand is one of four important variables that, when combined, can influence and shape farming practices, according to Festa. The other three are the culture of farming communities, governmental policies, and the economic system that drives farming.
    2. Festa argues that this is why organic farming in the U.S. saw a 56 percent increase between 2011 and 2016.

      A useful statistic but it needs more context. What is the percentage of organic farming to the overall total of farming?

      Fortunately the linked article provides some additional data: https://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2019/01/10/organic-farming-is-on-the-rise-in-the-u-s/

    3. "The fundamental problem with climate change is that it's a collective problem, but it rises out of lots of individual decisions. Society's challenge is to figure out how we can influence those decisions in a way that generates a more positive collective outcome," says Keith Wiebe, senior research fellow at the International Food Policy Research Institute.
    4. Agriculture, forestry, and other types of land use account for 23 percent of anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions, according to the IPCC.
    1. Still, organic farming makes up a small share of U.S. farmland overall. There were 5 million certified organic acres of farmland in 2016, representing less than 1% of the 911 million acres of total farmland nationwide. Some states, however, had relatively large shares of organic farmland. Vermont’s 134,000 certified organic acres accounted for 11% of its total 1.25 million farm acres. California, Maine and New York followed in largest shares of organic acreage – in each, certified organic acres made up 4% of total farmland.
    1. climate theorists

      I find it interesting to be reading about a completely different sort of climate theory in this book than the one commonly known in popular society.

  2. Sep 2020
    1. If everyone did all of the above things, they would have the personal infrastructure in place to enable their lives to become zero-emissions. But the above changes only cover 45% of average American emissions—so what gives? The remaining 55% of emissions come indirectly from the goods, services, and food we buy. The only way we’ll get to a zero-carbon world is for each of those industries to adopt new technology and change their processes to be emissions-free, or be replaced with a zero-emissions alternative. That’s why your first action is voting to make sure that policies and incentives are put in place to accelerate the overall transition.

      The "above things" being:

      1. Vote for elected officials who prioritize smart climate policy; join climate action or political groups to support pro-climat candidates and non-profits.
      2. Use only electric vehicles. Your next car [and this right here is a measure of how very car-dependent Americans as a whole are] needs to be electric. [AND you also need to press your power companies and government for clean electricity; lots of electricity comes from coal!]
      3. Electrify your house. There's a reason California's no longer permitting gas in new construction. Induction has vastly improved!
      4. Switch to all-green electricity. See my note on #2.
    1. Although relocations can be difficult, it requires a certain level of privilege to be a climate change migrant in America right now. Most of the people I spoke with are relatively free to move around, without the ties of children or home ownership, and with enough money to afford to relocate.

      There's a racial divide here, too. With harassment and violence on the rise against Black and Asian Americans, moving anywhere where there are fewer of us is another dimension of precarity.

    1. Die wichtigsteUnterkategorie der Kategorie"Energie" ist Verkehr mit einem Anteil von 31% an den gesamten Emissionen (ohne LULUCF; vgl. Table A.I-1 in Umweltbundesamt, 2020a),

      Der Verkehr hat einen Anteil von 31% an den gesamten Emissionen in Österreich.

    1. CO2-Emissionen von neu zugelassenen PKWs in Österreich

    2. In den letzten Jahren konnten die Verbräuche und damit die CO2-Emissionen durch technische Weiterentwicklungen, vor allem durch die voranschreitende Elektrifizierung und das Downsizing der Antriebe, reduziert werden. Diese Verbrauchsvorteile wurden durch den Trend zu leistungsstärkeren und schwereren Fahrzeugen teilweise kom-pensiert: So hat etwa die durchschnittliche Motorleistung bei neu zugelassenen Dieselfahr-zeugen von 2000 bis 2018um rd.44%zugenommen und ist 2018auf 108kW gestiegen

      Die Emissionen pro km steigen weiter an. Geringfügige Steigerungen der Effizienz werden dadurch aufgefressen, dass immer stärkere Autos gekauft werden. Die durchschnittliche Motorleistung bei neuzugelassenen Dieselfahrzeugen hat von 2000 bis 2018 um 44% zugenommen.

    1. Die wichtigsten Verursacher von Treibhausgas-Emissionen (ohneEmissions-handel) waren 2018die Sektoren Verkehr (47,3%),Landwirtschaft (16,2%),Ge-bäude (15,6%)sowie Energie und Industrie (11,6%).

      2018 betrug der Anteil des Verkehrs an den in Österreich verursachten Treibhausgasemissionen 47,3 %.

    1. Die österreichischen CO2-Emissionen sind 2019 das fünfte Jahr in Folge gestiegen statt gesunken. Sie betragen rund 24. Millionen Tonnen. Sie liegen deutlich über dem im Klimaschutzgesetz vorgesehenen Ziel (21,8 Mill. Tonnen). Es wurden 2,7 Milliarden Liter mehr getankt als 2018.

    1. Keenan calls the practice of drawing arbitrary lending boundaries around areas of perceived environmental risk “bluelining,” and indeed many of the neighborhoods that banks are bluelining are the same as the ones that were hit by the racist redlining practice in days past. This summer, climate-data analysts at the First Street Foundation released maps showing that 70% more buildings in the United States were vulnerable to flood risk than previously thought; most of the underestimated risk was in low-income neighborhoods.

      Bluelining--a neologism I've not seen before, but it's roughly what one would expect.

    2. Jesse Keenan, an urban-planning and climate-change specialist then at Harvard’s Graduate School of Design, who advises the federal Commodity Futures Trading Commission on market hazards from climate change. Keenan, who is now an associate professor of real estate at Tulane University’s School of Architecture, had been in the news last year for projecting where people might move to — suggesting that Duluth, Minnesota, for instance, should brace for a coming real estate boom as climate migrants move north.

      Why can't we project additional places like this and begin investing in infrastructure and growth in those places?

    3. That’s what happened in Florida. Hurricane Andrew reduced parts of cities to landfill and cost insurers nearly $16 billion in payouts. Many insurance companies, recognizing the likelihood that it would happen again, declined to renew policies and left the state. So the Florida Legislature created a state-run company to insure properties itself, preventing both an exodus and an economic collapse by essentially pretending that the climate vulnerabilities didn’t exist.

      This is an interesting and telling example.

    4. And federal agriculture aid withholds subsidies from farmers who switch to drought-resistant crops, while paying growers to replant the same ones that failed.

      Here's a place were those who cry capitalism will save us should be shouting the loudest!

    5. The federal National Flood Insurance Program has paid to rebuild houses that have flooded six times over in the same spot.

      We definitely need to quit putting good money after bad.

    6. Similar patterns are evident across the country. Census data shows us how Americans move: toward heat, toward coastlines, toward drought, regardless of evidence of increasing storms and flooding and other disasters.

      And we wonder why there are climate deniers in the United States?

    7. Climate Change Will Force a New American Migration

    1. Studie zur Klimaungerechtigkeit in Österreich, vor allem wegen der Vorschläge zum Erreichen von mehr Klimagerechtigkeit durch ökologische Steuerreform u.ä. interessant. Siehe auch Standard-Artikel dazu Greenpeace-Report - Wesentlich mehr CO2 durch Reiche als Arme - noen.at

    2. Kenner vertritt die Ansicht, dass einige dieser Personen durch ihre überlegenen finanziellen Möglichkeiten die poli-tische Debatte aktiv und erfolgreich beeinflussen und damit indirekt zu einer Verschärfung der Ungleichheit in der Verteilung der CO2-Emissionen beitragen

      Beziehung zur aktiven Klimaleugnung z.B. in der Murdoch-Presse

    1. Artikel in der NYT, in dem die Waldbrände als offensichtliches Ergebnis der Klimakrise bezeichnet werden - als ein Ergebnis, das viel schneller kommt als erwartet.

    1. Baker, C. M., Campbell, P. T., Chades, I., Dean, A. J., Hester, S. M., Holden, M. H., McCaw, J. M., McVernon, J., Moss, R., Shearer, F. M., & Possingham, H. P. (2020). From climate change to pandemics: Decision science can help scientists have impact. ArXiv:2007.13261 [Physics]. http://arxiv.org/abs/2007.13261

  3. Aug 2020
    1. An IPCC special report on the impacts of global warming of 1.5 °C above pre-industrial levels and related global greenhouse gas emission pathways, in the context of strengthening the global response to the threat of climate change, sustainable development, and efforts to eradicate poverty.

      via Julia Steinberger.

    1. A six-word California fire ecology primer: The state is in the hole. A seventy-word primer: We dug ourselves into a deep, dangerous fuel imbalance due to one simple fact. We live in a Mediterranean climate that’s designed to burn, and we’ve prevented it from burning anywhere close to enough for well over a hundred years. Now climate change has made it hotter and drier than ever before, and the fire we’ve been forestalling is going to happen, fast, whether we plan for it or not.
    1. Kurzes fact sheet für Journalisten, via Stefan Rahmstorf auf Twitter. Relevant auch als Beispiel für Kooperation von Wissenschaft und Journalismus.

    1. UN-Konzept zur Rekultivierung zerstörter Boden, das angeblich für 300 Billiarden Dollar die Emissionen von 20 Jahren binden kann. Artikel von Ende 2019, nach der UN-Konferenz über Desertifikation.

    1. Interview mit Anders Levermann, bei dem er deutlich sagt, dass der CO2-Ausstoß so schnell gestoppt werden muss, dass keine Zeit für einen systemwandel vorhanden ist. Dabei spricht er allerdings dann von Strukturwandel. Die Sätze aus diesem Interview kann man alle zitieren, interessant ist aber dieser sehr explizite Standpunkt, der mich an Michael Mann erinnert.

    1. conventionally

      Highjacking von Formaten ist eine gute Option, weil es an bekannte Praktiken anschlißt.

    2. Some climate scientists, such as Professor Ed Hawkins and Professor Richard Betts in the UK, have had great success on Twitter calmly and patiently explaining climate science to all-comers (including climate sceptics) and have won a lot of respect (and a large audience) doing so.

      Bedeutet, dass für die Klimakommunikation in Österreich Twitter Accounts von Wissenschaftlern wichtig wären.

    1. Bernard Stiegler analysiert die Beziehungen zwischen Wissen und Technik, und zwar ausgehend von Derrida und Heidegger. Vieles wirkt auf mich wie eine Art Parallel-Unternehmen zu Latour, bei dem ich bisher nie einen Hinweis auf Stiegler gefunden habe. Auch bei Stiegler geht es darum zu erklären, warum Staaten und Wirtschaft nicht auf die Klimakrise reagieren. Wenn ich es richtig sehe, dann verbindet er das Konzept der différance mit einer Art bioökonomischem Ansatz.- Bemerkenswert ist auch seine Marketing- und Medienkritik und generell sein Versuch, Denkgewohnheiten in eine Beziehung zu den Mechanismen des neoliberalen Kapitalismus zu setzen.

    1. Extremwetter wie jetzt gerade in Großbritannien vergrößern das Risiko von Eisenbahnunglücken wie dem von Stonehaven..Bisher hat die Leitung der britischen Eisenbahnen entsprechende Warnungen nicht ernst genommen.

    1. Factsheet, um die Begriffsverwirrung um den Begriff der "Klimaneutralität" aufzulösen und Manipulationen zu erschweren. Die AG Klimaneutral des CCCA, die hinter diesem Factsheet steht, formuliert Sieben grundlegende Forderungen - wohl der wichtigste Teil des Factsheets.

    1. Die Polemik von Hans-Werner Sinn gegen Klimapolitik in Deutschland ist hier frei zugänglich online - ein Muster sophistischer Argumentation, ausgehend u.a. von: Wenn wir die Welt nicht zerstören, tun es andere; 2. Alles Öl, das im Boden ist, wird gefördert - egal was wir einsparen; 3. Die deutsche Autoindustrie muss leben, auch wenn wir sterben müssen.

    1. Essay von James Dyke. Hypothese (als "ernstes Gedankenspiel"): Wir haben die Kontrolle über die weitere Entwicklung des Erdsystems bereits verloren, der eigentliche Akteur ist die Technosphäre, die die Menschheit ganz oder teilweise ersetzen kann. Nach der ersteh Lektüre habe ich in Die Klimakrise als Tragödie—zwei Essays darüber geschrieben.

    1. Hierzulande ist Shellenberger bislang kaum wahrgenommen worden. Eine der wenigen Ausnahmen ist die SPD-nahe Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung. Ihr Magazin Internationale Politik und Gesellschaft (IPG) hat mit dem umstrittenen Autor ein ausführliches Interview geführt, in dem er unter andere

      Deutsches Interview mit Shellenberger. Der Artikel geht kurz auf die wissenschaftliche Kritik an ihm ein.

    1. In addition to the issue of path dependency—recall that RCP8.5 2005 to 2020 total cumulative CO2 emissions are within 1% of historical emissions—the issue of missing carbon cycle climate feedbacks is critical.

      Carbon feedbacks are the reason for assuming that RCP8.5 is realistic in spite of probably lower cumulative emissions until 2050.

  4. Jul 2020
    1. Ecker, U. K. H., Butler, L. H., Cook, J., Hurlstone, M. J., Kurz, T., & Lewandowsky, S. (2020). Using the COVID-19 economic crisis to frame climate change as a secondary issue reduces mitigation support. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 101464. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvp.2020.101464